keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

geriatric illness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329059/amyloid-burden-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-in-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
Stephanie Perin, Karra D Harrington, Yen Ying Lim, Kathryn Ellis, David Ames, Robert H Pietrzak, Adrian Schembri, Stephanie Rainey-Smith, Olivier Salvado, Simon M Laws, Ralph N Martins, Victor L Villemagne, Christopher C Rowe, Colin L Masters, Paul Maruff
BACKGROUND: Relationships between depression and Alzheimer's disease (AD) may become clearer if studied in preclinical AD where dementia is not present. METHOD: The aim of this study was to evaluate prospectively, relationships between brain amyloid-β (Aβ), depressive symptoms and screen positive depression in cognitively normal (CN) older adults. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Geriatric Depression Inventory (GDS-15) in CN adults from the Australian Imaging Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) study without depression at baseline and classified as having abnormally high (Aβ+; n = 136) or low (Aβ-; n = 449) Aβ according to positron emission tomography at 18-month intervals over 72 months...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325898/treatment-of-mantle-cell-lymphoma-in-older-adults
#2
REVIEW
Daniel F Pease, Vicki A Morrison
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) predominantly affects older adults, with a median age at diagnosis of 70years. A frequently aggressive yet incurable lymphoma, the goal of therapy for MCL is to turn a potentially life-threatening illness into a chronic disease with prolonged periods of remission. Large randomized trial data supports the standard treatment in younger patients of cytarabine-based induction followed by autologous stem cell transplant. Most patients will not be eligible for this intensive approach based on older age, comorbidities, and functional status, making the geriatric assessment an essential step in choosing the appropriate strategy...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318003/incident-adverse-drug-reactions-in-geriatric-inpatients-a-multicentred-observational-study
#3
Amanda Lavan, Joseph Eustace, Darren Dahly, Evelyn Flanagan, Paul Gallagher, Shane Cullinane, Mirko Petrovic, Katrina Perehudoff, Adalsteinn Gudmondsson, Ólafur Samuelsson, Ástrós Sverrisdóttir, Antonio Cherubin, Frederica Dimitri, Joe Rimland, Alfonso Cruz-Jentoft, Manuel Vélez-Díaz-Pallarés, Isabel Lozano Montoya, Roy L Soiza, Selvarani Subbarayan, Denis O'Mahony
Background: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are common in older adults and frequently have serious clinical and economic consequences. This study was conducted as a feasibility study for a randomized control trial (RCT) that will investigate the efficacy of a software engine to optimize medications and reduce incident (in-hospital) ADRs. This study's objectives were to (i) establish current incident ADR rates across the six sites participating in the forthcoming RCT and (ii) assess whether incident ADRs are predictable...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294926/exploring-the-correlates-to-depression-in-elder-abuse-victims-abusive-experience-or-individual-characteristics
#4
Ana João Santos, Baltazar Nunes, Irina Kislaya, Ana Paula Gil, Oscar Ribeiro
Depression and depressive symptoms have been studied both as risk factors and consequences of elder abuse, even though the most common cross-sectional design of the studies does not allow inferring cause or consequence relationships. This study estimates the proportion of older adults who screened positive for depressive symptoms among those self-reporting elder abuse and examines whether individual characteristics and/or abusive experience aspects are associated with self-reported depressive symptoms. Participants were 510 older adults self-reporting experiences of abuse in family setting enrolled in the cross-sectional victims' survey of the Aging and Violence Study...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289543/comparison-of-3-frailty-instruments-in-a-geriatric-acute-care-setting-in-a-low-middle-income-country
#5
Sumika Mori Lin, Márlon Juliano Romero Aliberti, Sileno de Queiroz Fortes-Filho, Juliana de Araújo Melo, Ivan Aprahamian, Claudia Kimie Suemoto, Wilson Jacob Filho
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of frailty instruments in low-middle income countries, where the prevalence of frailty may be higher, is scarce. In addition, less complex diagnostic tools for frailty are important in these settings, especially in acutely ill patients, because of limited time and economic resources. We aimed to compare the performance of 3 frailty instruments for predicting adverse outcomes after 1 year of follow-up in older adults with an acute event or a chronic decompensated disease...
December 27, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247754/advance-care-planning-in-community-dwelling-patients-with-dementia
#6
Jane L Givens, Rebecca L Sudore, Gad A Marshall, Alyssa B Dufour, Ilona Kopits, Susan L Mitchell
CONTEXT: Little is known about advance care planning (ACP) among community-dwelling patients with dementia. OBJECTIVES: To describe aspects of ACP among patients with dementia and examine the association between ACP and health care proxy (HCP) acceptance of patient illness. METHODS: Cross sectional observational survey of 62 HCPs of patients with dementia (N=14 mild, N=48 moderate/severe), from 7 outpatient geriatric and memory disorder clinics in Boston...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242282/patient-reported-comorbidity-and-survival-in-older-adults-with-cancer
#7
Grant R Williams, Allison M Deal, Jennifer L Lund, YunKyung Chang, Hyman B Muss, Mackenzi Pergolotti, Emily J Guerard, Shlomit Strulov Shachar, Yue Wang, Kelly Kenzik, Hanna K Sanoff
BACKGROUND: Our ability to optimize the care of older adults with cancer and comorbid illnesses is insufficient because most clinical trials lack systematic measurement. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between patient-reported comorbidity and all-cause mortality using various comorbidity scoring algorithms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Carolina Senior Registry was linked with the North Carolina Central Cancer Registry to obtain mortality data...
December 14, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230961/health-and-social-factors-associated-with-a-delayed-discharge-amongst-inpatients-in-acute-geriatric-wards-a-retrospective-observational-study
#8
George Moore, Peter Hartley, Roman Romero-Ortuno
AIM: In the English National Health Service there is an increasing interest in understanding the factors associated with delayed discharges in older hospitalized adults. The present study sought to analyze whether clinical frailty was a significant and independent risk factor for having a delayed discharge when the data were controlled for potential health and social confounders. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study in an English National Health Service teaching hospital...
December 12, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230501/-development-of-ground-based-physician-staffed-emergency-missions-in-the-city-of-leipzig-from-2003-to-2013
#9
K Bader, M Bernhard, A Gries, M Kaul, R Schröder, A Ramshorn-Zimmer
BACKGROUND: The annual number of physician-based emergency missions reported is continuously increasing. Data from large cities concerning this development over long periods is sparse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study the charts of all ground-based physician-staffed emergency missions in the city of Leipzig for the first quarters of 2003 and 2013 were analyzed. Patient characteristics, injury and illness severities, mission location, hospital admission rate, as well as emergency interventions were collated...
December 11, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222883/the-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-predicts-mortality-in-nonagenarians-and-centenarians-receiving-home-care
#10
Hui Wang, Shan Hai, Yan Zhou, Ping Liu, Bi-Rong Dong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The increasing prevalence of malnutrition in old people is related to the risk of illness and death. A number of screening tools to detect malnutrition have been used in the elderly to assess nutritional status and predict prognosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status and predict mortality in very old home-care people by using a cross-sectional study of Chinese older people aged 90-105 years...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219810/optimising-the-isar-hp-to-screen-efficiently-for-functional-decline-in-older-patients
#11
J de Gelder, E Haenen, J A Lucke, H G Klop, L C Blomaard, R A J Smit, K Mesri, B de Groot, A J Fogteloo, S Anten, G J Blauw, S P Mooijaart
INTRODUCTION: The Identification of Seniors At Risk-Hospitalised Patients (ISAR-HP) has recently been included in guidelines as a frailty indicator to identify patients for comprehensive geriatric assessment. Previous studies showed that the conventional cut-off score incorrectly classifies a high percentage of patients as high risk. We aimed to optimise the predictive value of ISAR-HP by using different cut-offs in older acutely hospitalised patients. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was performed in two Dutch hospitals...
November 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206906/what-is-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-cga-an-umbrella-review
#12
S G Parker, P McCue, K Phelps, A McCleod, S Arora, K Nockels, S Kennedy, H Roberts, S Conroy
Background: comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is now the accepted gold standard for caring for frail older people in hospital. However, there is uncertainty about identifying and targeting suitable recipients and which patients benefit the most. Objectives: our objectives were to describe the key elements, principal measures of outcome and the characteristics of the main beneficiaries of inpatient CGA. Methods: we used the Joanna Briggs Institute umbrella review method...
December 1, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204845/six-month-emergency-department-use-among-older-adults-following-jail-incarceration
#13
Jessi Humphreys, Cyrus Ahalt, Irena Stijacic-Cenzer, Eric Widera, Brie Williams
Although the number of older adults who are arrested and subject to incarceration in jail is rising dramatically, little is known about their emergency department (ED) use or the factors associated with that use. This lack of knowledge impairs the ability to design evidence-based approaches to care that would meet the needs of this population. This 6-month longitudinal study aimed to determine the frequency of 6-month ED use among 101 adults aged 55 or older enrolled while in jail and to identify factors associated with that use...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197341/frail-phenotype-is-associated-with-distinct-quantitative-electroencephalographic-findings-among-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-an-observational-study
#14
Chia-Ter Chao, Hsin-Jung Lai, Hung-Bin Tsai, Shao-Yo Yang, Jenq-Wen Huang
BACKGROUND: Frailty is prevalent among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and is associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment. However, apart from its influence on cognition, it is currently unknown whether frailty affects subtler cerebral function in patients with ESRD. METHODS: Patients with ESRD were prospectively enrolled, with clinical features and laboratory data recorded. The severity of frailty among these patients with ESRD was ascertained using the previously validated simple FRAIL scale, and was categorized as none-to-mild and moderate-to-severe frailty...
December 2, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197308/dramatic-reduction-in-30-day-readmissions-through-high-risk-screening-and-two-phase-interdisciplinary-care
#15
Mabel Labrada, Michael J Mintzer, Chandana Karanam, Raquel Castellanos, Lorinda Cruz, Minh Hoang, Regina Wieger, Enrique Aguilar, Hermes Florez, Jorge G Ruiz
OBJECTIVES: Thirty-day readmissions are common, serious, and costly. Most important, often they are preventable. The purpose of this quality improvement study was to evaluate an interdisciplinary, two-phase intervention to reduce 30-day readmissions among high-risk medical patients. One or two high-risk patients were selected each weekday by a hospitalist using literature-based, locally tested criteria that included common medical illnesses, active psychiatric illness, and recent or recurrent hospital admissions...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188347/-from-boxing-to-geriatric-psychiatry-facets-from-the-work-of-east-german-social-psychiatrist-bernhard-schwarz-1918-1991
#16
REVIEW
K Bart, H Steinberg
For the first time, this study presents publications representative for the work of the neurologist and sports physician Bernhard Schwarz, whose career spans from the 1950s to the 1970s. His work is characterized by exceptional originality. Schwarz acted as the physician of the GDR national boxing team and conducted a systematic long-term study of 800 boxers. He found increased occurrences of depression, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and suggested that these were linked to recurring craniocerebral injury...
November 29, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187327/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-the-elderly-over-75-years-old-a-survey
#17
Coralie Labarias, Cédric Leguillou, Jean-François Bourgaux
Whilst endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is being practiced on increasingly older patients, its benefits have not been well studied. This study assessed the clinical benefit of ERCP for subjects aged 75 and over, including follow-up at 3 months of geriatric functional parameters and lifestyle. This is a prospective mono-centric, cohort study. All patients aged 75 and over receiving ERCP were enrolled and monitored for a period of 3 months. We recorded 53 inclusions between November 1st 2014 to 31 May 2015...
December 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187325/relevance-of-g8-scale-in-referring-elderly-patients-with-aortic-stenosis-requiring-a-tavi-for-a-geriatric-consultation
#18
Albane de Thézy, Aurélie Lafargue, Lydie d'Arailh, Marina Dijos, Lionel Leroux, Nathalie Salles, Muriel Rainfray
Aortic stenosis (AS) may soon become a significant public health issue. Referring elderly suffering from aortic stenosis for a transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) versus surgical valve replacement might be difficult and requires a multidisciplinary staff. G8 is a geriatric screening scale for frailty, validated in oncogeriatry. We study sensibility and specificity of G8 used by cardiologists in comparison to a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) performed by geriatrician. Prospective study, from February to July 2015, in Bordeaux university Hospital, France...
December 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186782/forging-a-frailty-ready-healthcare-system-to-meet-population-ageing
#19
Wee Shiong Lim, Sweet Fun Wong, Ian Leong, Philip Choo, Weng Sun Pang
The beginning of the 21st century has seen health systems worldwide struggling to deliver quality healthcare amidst challenges posed by ageing populations. The increasing prevalence of frailty with older age and accompanying complexities in physical, cognitive, social and psychological dimensions renders the present modus operandi of fragmented, facility-centric, doctor-based, and illness-centered care delivery as clearly unsustainable. In line with the public health framework for action in the World Health Organization's World Health and Ageing Report, meeting these challenges will require a systemic reform of healthcare delivery that is integrated, patient-centric, team-based, and health-centered...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179277/-relationship-between-frailty-and-depression-in-elderly-patients
#20
S M Zhang, X D Tang, X R Yang, R R Zheng, L Xu, J H Wu
Objective: To investigate the relationship between frailty and depression by analyzing the clinical data, frailty and depression in the elderly outpatients. Methods: This study included outpatients who visited the Geriatric Section of West China Hospital from July 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016.Clinical characteristics and complications in patients were evaluated comprehensively.The debilitating condition of patient was assessed by the international society for elderly nutrition simple weakness questionnaire (Fatigue, Resistance, Ambulation, Illnesses, Loss of Weight...
November 21, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
keyword
keyword
90529
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"