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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903839/the-effect-of-brain-tomography-findings-on-mortality-in-sniper-shot-head-injuries
#1
Çağdaş Can, M Bolatkale, A Sarıhan, Y Savran, A Ç Acara, M Bulut
OBJECTIVES: Penetrating gunshot head injuries have a poor prognosis and require prompt care. Brain CT is a routine component of the standard evaluation of head wounds and suspected brain injury. We aimed to investigate the effect of brain CT findings on mortality in gunshot head injury patients who were admitted to our emergency department (ED) from the Syrian Civil War. METHODS: The study group comprised patients who were admitted to the ED with gunshot brain injury...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902671/prehospital-transport-for-pediatric-trauma-a-comparison-of-private-transport-and-emergency-medical-services
#2
Yea-Chyi Lin, York Tien Lee, Jasmine Xun Yi Feng, Li Wei Chiang, Shireen Anne Nah
OBJECTIVES: We describe the demographics of pediatric patients with trauma transferred using private transport (PT) versus emergency medical services (EMS) and evaluate the potential impact on their treatment and outcome. METHODS: We accessed data from our national trauma registry, a prospectively collected database. Data were extracted on all patients with trauma admitted to our institution between January 2011 and June 2013, with injury severity score (ISS) higher than 8...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894562/todd-s-paresis-in-acute-mild-head-trauma
#3
Alan Cowley, David Wright, Thomas Breen, Richard Lyon
We present the case of an adult male who sustained Todd's paresis after a traumatically induced seizure in a patient with an isolated facial injury. The precipitating event was head trauma from a golf club. The patient had no previous history of seizures and went on to make a complete neurologic recovery with no cerebral pathology noted. A literature review suggests that Todd's paresis after trauma is very rare as opposed to occurring in the medical or long-term brain injury settings. Although the authors acknowledge that it may occur in trauma, the awareness within the prehospital setting is sufficiently rare for this case report to be of interest to prehospital clinicians; it is important prehospital clinicians are aware of this condition...
November 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846895/development-and-validation-of-a-prehospital-prediction-model-for-acute-traumatic-coagulopathy
#4
Ithan D Peltan, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Lisa K Vande Vusse, Ellen Caldwell, Thomas D Rea, Ronald V Maier, Timothy R Watkins
BACKGROUND: Acute traumatic coagulopathy (ATC) is a syndrome of early, endogenous clotting dysfunction that afflicts up to 30% of severely injured patients, signaling an increased likelihood of all-cause and hemorrhage-associated mortality. To aid identification of patients within the likely therapeutic window for ATC and facilitate study of its mechanisms and targeted treatment, we developed and validated a prehospital ATC prediction model. METHODS: Construction of a parsimonious multivariable logistic regression model predicting ATC - defined as an admission international normalized ratio >1...
November 16, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832843/time-is-the-enemy-mortality-in-trauma-patients-with-hemorrhage-from-torso-injury-occurs-long-before-the-golden-hour
#5
A Q Alarhayem, J G Myers, D Dent, L Liao, M Muir, D Mueller, S Nicholson, R Cestero, M C Johnson, R Stewart, Grant O'Keefe, B J Eastridge
INTRODUCTION: The concept of the "Golden Hour" has been a time-honored tenet of prehospital trauma care, despite a paucity of data to substantiate its validity. Non-compressible torso hemorrhage has been demonstrated to be a significant cause of mortality in both military and civilian settings. We sought to characterize the impact of prehospital time and torso injury severity on survival. Furthermore, we hypothesized that time would be a significant determinant of mortality in patients with higher Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) grades of torso injury (AIS ≥ 4) and field hypotension (prehospital SBP ≤ 110 mmHg) as these injuries are commonly associated with hemorrhage...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692683/the-effect-of-combined-out-of-hospital-hypotension-and-hypoxia-on-mortality-in-major-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Daniel W Spaite, Chengcheng Hu, Bentley J Bobrow, Vatsal Chikani, Bruce Barnhart, Joshua B Gaither, Kurt R Denninghoff, P David Adelson, Samuel M Keim, Chad Viscusi, Terry Mullins, Duane Sherrill
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Survival is significantly reduced by either hypotension or hypoxia during the out-of-hospital management of major traumatic brain injury. However, only a handful of small studies have investigated the influence of the combination of both hypotension and hypoxia occurring together. In patients with major traumatic brain injury, we evaluate the associations between mortality and out-of-hospital hypotension and hypoxia separately and in combination. METHODS: All moderate or severe traumatic brain injury cases in the preimplementation cohort of the Excellence in Prehospital Injury Care study (a statewide, before/after, controlled study of the effect of implementing the out-of-hospital traumatic brain injury treatment guidelines) from January 1, 2007, to March 31, 2014, were evaluated (exclusions: <10 years, out-of-hospital oxygen saturation ≤10%, and out-of-hospital systolic blood pressure <40 or >200 mm Hg)...
September 27, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690714/can-ems-providers-provide-appropriate-tidal-volumes-in-a-simulated-adult-sized-patient-with-a-pediatric-sized-bag-valve-mask
#7
Jeffrey Siegler, Melissa Kroll, Susan Wojcik, Hawnwan Philip Moy
INTRODUCTION: In the prehospital setting, Emergency Medical Services (EMS) professionals rely on providing positive pressure ventilation with a bag-valve-mask (BVM). Multiple emergency medicine and critical care studies have shown that lung-protective ventilation protocols reduce morbidity and mortality. Our primary objective was to determine if a group of EMS professionals could provide ventilations with a smaller BVM that would be sufficient to ventilate patients. Secondary objectives included 1) if the pediatric bag provided volumes similar to lung-protective ventilation in the hospital setting and 2) compare volumes provided to the patient depending on the type of airway (mask, King tube, and intubation)...
October 3, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658942/algorithm-for-activation-of-coagulation-support-treatment-in-multiple-injured-patients-cohort-study
#8
D Brilej, D Stropnik, R Lefering, R Komadina
BACKGROUND: Early recognition and management of trauma related coagulopathy improves the outcome. Trauma facilities should implement an algorithm to identify the bleeding trauma patient with coagulopathy. OBJECTIVE: The scope of the paper is to identify the indicators of early coagulopathy and to optimize the indications for thromboelastometry and coagulation support. DESIGN: Cohort study based on data from trauma registry. SETTING: Data of 493 major trauma patients treated in GH Celje from 2006 to 2014 were included into The TraumaRegister DGU(®) (TR-DGU)...
September 22, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636529/do-ems-providers-accurately-ascertain-anticoagulant-and-antiplatelet-use-in-older-adults-with-head-trauma
#9
Daniel K Nishijima, Samuel Gaona, Trent Waechter, Ric Maloney, Troy Bair, Adam Blitz, Andrew R Elms, Roel D Farrales, Calvin Howard, James Montoya, Jeneita M Bell, Victor C Coronado, David E Sugerman, Dustin W Ballard, Kevin E Mackey, David R Vinson, James F Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Prehospital provider assessment of the use of anticoagulant or antiplatelet medications in older adults with head trauma is important. These patients are at increased risk for traumatic intracranial hemorrhage and therefore field triage guidelines recommend transporting these patients to centers capable of rapid evaluation and treatment. Our objective was to evaluate EMS ascertainment of anticoagulant and antiplatelet medication use in older adults with head trauma. METHODS: A retrospective study of older adults with head trauma was conducted throughout Sacramento County...
September 16, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586097/prehospital-transportation-decisions-for-patients-sustaining-major-trauma-in-road-traffic-crashes-in-sweden
#10
Stefan Candefjord, Ruben Buendia, Eva-Corina Caragounis, Bengt Arne Sjöqvist, Helen Fagerlind
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the proportion and characteristics of patients sustaining major trauma in road traffic crashes (RTCs) who could benefit from direct transportation to a trauma center (TC). METHODS: Currently, there is no national classification of TC in Sweden. In this study, 7 university hospitals (UHs) in Sweden were selected to represent a TC level I or level II. These UHs have similar capabilities as the definition for level I and level II TC in the United States...
September 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567923/prehospital-intubation-for-isolated-severe-blunt-traumatic-brain-injury-worse-outcomes-and-higher-mortality
#11
Tobias Haltmeier, Elizabeth Benjamin, Stefano Siboni, Evren Dilektasli, Kenji Inaba, Demetrios Demetriades
PURPOSE: Prehospital endotracheal intubation (ETI) for traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a controversial issue. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of prehospital ETI in patients with TBI. METHODS: Cohort-matched study using the US National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) 2008-2012. Patients with isolated severe blunt TBI (AIS head ≥3, AIS chest/abdomen <3) and a field GCS ≤8 were extracted from NTDB. A 1:1 matching of patients with and without prehospital ETI was performed...
August 27, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436455/barriers-and-facilitators-to-recognition-and-reporting-of-child-abuse-by-prehospital-providers
#12
Gunjan Kamdar Tiyyagura, Marcie Gawel, Aimee Alphonso, Jeannette Koziel, Kyle Bilodeau, Kirsten Bechtel
BACKGROUND: Prehospital care providers are in a unique position to provide initial unadulterated information about the scene where a child is abusively injured or neglected. However, they receive minimal training with respect to detection of Child Abuse and Neglect (CAN) and make few reports of suspected CAN to child protective services. AIMS: To explore barriers and facilitators to the recognition and reporting of CAN by prehospital care providers. DESIGN/METHODS: Twenty-eight prehospital care providers participated in a simulated case of infant abusive head trauma prior to participating in one-on-one semi-structured qualitative debriefs...
July 19, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394032/related-factors-to-semi-recumbent-position-compliance-and-pressure-ulcers-in-patients-with-invasive-mechanical-ventilation-an-observational-study-capcri-study
#13
Mireia Llaurado-Serra, Marta Ulldemolins, Joan Fernandez-Ballart, Rosa Guell-Baro, Teresa Valentí-Trulls, Neus Calpe-Damians, Angels Piñol-Tena, Mercedes Pi-Guerrero, Cristina Paños-Espinosa, Alberto Sandiumenge, María F Jimenez-Herrera
BACKGROUND: Semi-recumbent position is recommended to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia. Its implementation, however, is below optimal. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess real semi-recumbent position compliance and the degree of head-of-bed elevation in Spanish intensive care units, along with factors determining compliance and head-of-bed elevation and their relationship with the development of pressure ulcers. Finally, we investigated the impact that might have the diagnosis of pressure ulcers in the attitude toward head-of-bed elevation...
September 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381949/prehospital-endotracheal-intubation-in-warm-climates-caution%C3%A2-is-required
#14
Yann Daniel, Sébastien Habas, Maximilien Cruc
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital endotracheal intubation is a frequent procedure for trauma care. Nevertheless, in warm climates, sunlight and heat can interfere with the flow of the usual procedure. They can affect the equipment and hinder the operator. There are few data on this issue. The presentation of this case highlights three common complications that may occur when intubating under a hot and bright sun. CASE REPORT: A 23-year-old man had a car accident in Djibouti, at 11:00 a...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27258588/variation-in-seizure-prophylaxis-in-severe-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Paige J Ostahowski, Nithya Kannan, Mark S Wainwright, Qian Qiu, Richard B Mink, Jonathan I Groner, Michael J Bell, Christopher C Giza, Douglas F Zatzick, Richard G Ellenbogen, Linda Ng Boyle, Pamela H Mitchell, Monica S Vavilala
OBJECTIVE Posttraumatic seizure is a major complication following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this study was to determine the variation in seizure prophylaxis in select pediatric trauma centers. The authors hypothesized that there would be wide variation in seizure prophylaxis selection and use, within and between pediatric trauma centers. METHODS In this retrospective multicenter cohort study including 5 regional pediatric trauma centers affiliated with academic medical centers, the authors examined data from 236 children (age < 18 years) with severe TBI (admission Glasgow Coma Scale score ≤ 8, ICD-9 diagnosis codes of 800...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162922/severe-cranioencephalic-trauma-prehospital-care-surgical-management-and-multimodal-monitoring
#16
REVIEW
Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar, Andres M Rubiano, Hernando Raphael Alvis-Miranda, Willem Calderon-Miranda, Gabriel Alcala-Cerra, Marco Antonio Blancas Rivera, Amit Agrawal
Traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of death in developed countries. It is estimated that only in the United States about 100,000 people die annually in parallel among the survivors there is a significant number of people with disabilities with significant costs for the health system. It has been determined that after moderate and severe traumatic injury, brain parenchyma is affected by more than 55% of cases. Head trauma management is critical is the emergency services worldwide. We present a review of the literature regarding the prehospital care, surgical management and intensive care monitoring of the patients with severe cranioecephalic trauma...
January 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159772/prehospital-imaging-based-triage-of-head-trauma-with-a-mobile-stroke-unit-first-evidence-and-literature-review
#17
L Schwindling, A Ragoschke-Schumm, M Kettner, S Helwig, M Manitz, S Roumia, M Lesmeister, I Q Grunwald, K Fassbender
BACKGROUND: An ambulance equipped with a computed tomography (CT) scanner, point-of-care laboratory, and telemedicine capabilities (Mobile Stroke Unit [MSU]) has been shown to enable delivery of thrombolysis to stroke patients at the emergency site, thereby significantly decreasing time to treatment. However, the MSU frequently assesses patients with cerebral disorders other than stroke. For some of these disorders, prehospital CT scanning may also be beneficial. METHODS: Our institution manages a program investigating prehospital stroke treatment of patients with neurological emergencies...
September 2016: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111336/stroke-mimics-in-a-stroke-care-pathway-based-on-mri-screening
#18
Véronique Quenardelle, Valérie Lauer-Ober, Ielyzaveta Zinchenko, Marc Bataillard, Olivier Rouyer, Rémy Beaujeux, Raoul Pop, Nicolas Meyer, Hervé Delplancq, Stéphane Kremer, Christian Marescaux, Bernard Gény, Valérie Wolff
BACKGROUND: Since the use of tissue plasminogen activator for acute ischemic stroke (IS), stroke care pathways have been developed for patients with suspicion of acute stroke. The aim of this prospective observational study was to analyze the stroke mimic (SM) characteristics in patients who were part of our stroke care pathway. METHODS: All consecutive patients admitted in the code stroke within a 1-year period were prospectively enrolled in this study. Patients with a sudden onset of neurological focal deficit in a time window less than 4H30 as indicated for intravenous thrombolysis, had been accepted in the pathway by a neurologist who was directly contactable by the prehospital emergency medical service 24 h per day...
2016: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107826/establishing-benchmarks-for-resuscitation-of-traumatic-circulatory-arrest-success-to-rescue-and-survival-among-1-708-patients
#19
Hunter B Moore, Ernest E Moore, Clay C Burlew, Walter L Biffl, Fredric M Pieracci, Carlton C Barnett, Denis D Bensard, Gregory J Jurkovich, Charles J Fox, Angela Sauaia
BACKGROUND: Attempts are made with emergency department thoracotomy (EDT) to salvage trauma patients who present to the hospital in extremis. The EDT allows for relief of cardiac tamponade, internal cardiac massage, and proximal hemorrhage control. Minimally invasive techniques, such as endovascular hemorrhage control (EHC) are available, but their noninferiority to EDT remains unproven. Before adopting EHC, it is important to evaluate the current outcomes of EDT. We hypothesized that EDT survival has improved during the last 4 decades, and outcomes stratified by pre-hospital CPR and injury patterns will provide benchmarks for success-to-rescue and survival outcomes for patients in extremis...
July 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27100929/elevated-admission-international-normalized-ratio-strongly-predicts-mortality-in-victims-of-abusive-head-trauma
#20
Christine M Leeper, Isam Nasr, Christine McKenna, Rachel P Berger, Barbara A Gaines
BACKGROUND: Victims of abusive head trauma have poor outcomes compared with other injured children. There is often a delay in diagnosis because these young patients are unable to communicate with health care providers. These critically injured patients would benefit from early identification and therapy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of our single hospital trauma registry from 2005 to 2014. All Level 1 pediatric (age 0-17 years) trauma patients who sustained abusive head trauma were included...
May 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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