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Lisa-Marie Sturla, Ming Tong, Nick Hebda, Jinsong Gao, John-Michael Thomas, Mark Olsen, Suzanne M de la Monte
BACKGROUND: Despite therapeutic advances, survival with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remains below 15 months from diagnosis due to GBM's highly infiltrative nature which precludes complete surgical resection. Patient outcomes could potentially be improved by targeting genes and pathways that drive neoplastic cell motility and invasiveness, including hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1α), NOTCH, and aspartate-β-hydroxylase (ASPH). METHODS: Human astrocytoma biopsy specimens (n = 37), WHO Grades II-IV, were analyzed for levels and distributions of ASPH and HIF-1α immunoreactivity by immunohistochemical staining, and ASPH, Notch, JAG, HES1, HEY1 and HIF1α mRNA expression by quantigene multiplex analysis...
December 2016: Heliyon
Niclas Eriksson, Lars Wallentin, Lars Berglund, Tomas Axelsson, Stuart Connolly, John Eikelboom, Michael Ezekowitz, Jonas Oldgren, Guillaume Paré, Paul Reilly, Agneta Siegbahn, Ann-Christine Syvanen, Claes Wadelius, Salim Yusuf, Mia Wadelius
AIMS: We investigated associations between genetic variation in candidate genes and on a genome-wide scale with warfarin maintenance dose, time in therapeutic range (TTR), and risk of major bleeding. MATERIALS & METHODS: In total, 982 warfarin-treated patients from the RE-LY trial were studied. RESULTS: After adjusting for SNPs in VKORC1 and CYP2C9, SNPs in DDHD1 (rs17126068) and NEDD4 (rs2288344) were associated with dose. Adding these SNPs and CYP4F2 (rs2108622) to a base model increased R(2) by 2...
August 2016: Pharmacogenomics
Asaf Vivante, Daw-Yang Hwang, Stefan Kohl, Jing Chen, Shirlee Shril, Julian Schulz, Amelie van der Ven, Ghaleb Daouk, Neveen A Soliman, Aravind Selvin Kumar, Prabha Senguttuvan, Elijah O Kehinde, Velibor Tasic, Friedhelm Hildebrandt
Congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT) are the leading cause of CKD in children, featuring a broad variety of malformations. A monogenic cause can be detected in around 12% of patients. However, the morphologic clinical phenotype of CAKUT frequently does not indicate specific genes to be examined. To determine the likelihood of detecting causative recessive mutations by whole-exome sequencing (WES), we analyzed individuals with CAKUT from 33 different consanguineous families. Using homozygosity mapping and WES, we identified the causative mutations in nine of the 33 families studied (27%)...
January 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Chiung-Kuei Huang, Yoshifumi Iwagami, Arihiro Aihara, Waihong Chung, Suzanne de la Monte, John-Michael Thomas, Mark Olsen, Rolf Carlson, Tunan Yu, Xiaoqun Dong, Jack Wands
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) has a poor prognosis due to widespread intrahepatic spread. Aspartate β-hydroxylase (ASPH) is a transmembrane protein and catalyzes the hydroxylation of aspartyl and asparaginyl residues in calcium binding epidermal growth factor (cbEGF)-like domains of various proteins, including Notch receptors and ligands. ASPH is highly overexpressed (>95%) in human CCA tumors. We explored the molecular mechanisms by which ASPH mediated the CCA malignant phenotype and evaluated the potential of ASPH as a therapeutic target for CCA...
2016: PloS One
Ting Huyan, Ruihua Tang, Jing Li, Qi Li, Xiaoping Xue, Hui Yang
BACKGROUND: The humbug gene is a truncated isoform of Aspartyl β-hydroxylase (ASPH) gene that is overexpressed in many human malignancies. In recent years, since humbug has received increasing attention, it is considered as a potential therapeutic molecular target. Therefore, it is necessary for preparing humbug protein and its monoclonal antibody to investigate its structure and function. METHOD: The optimized humbug gene, synthesized by Genscript in Nanjing, China on December 21st 2013, was expressed in Pichia pastoris cells that were cultured in a 10-L bioreactor...
December 2015: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Lisanne J M Kempkes, Jonathan K Martens, Josipa Grzetic, Giel Berden, Jos Oomens
RATIONALE: Deamidation of Asn and Gln residues is a primary route for spontaneous post-translational protein modification. Several structures have been proposed for the deamidation products of the protonated amino acids. Here we verify these structures by ion spectroscopy, as well as the structures of parallel and sequential fragmentation products. METHODS: Infrared ion spectroscopy using the free electron laser FELIX has been applied to the reaction products from deamidation of protonated glutamine and asparagine in a tandem mass spectrometer...
February 28, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Yoshifumi Iwagami, Chiung-Kuei Huang, Mark J Olsen, John-Michael Thomas, Grace Jang, Miran Kim, Qiushi Lin, Rolf I Carlson, Carl E Wagner, Xiaoqun Dong, Jack R Wands
UNLABELLED: Aspartate β-hydroxylase (ASPH) is an enzyme overexpressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumors that participates in the malignant transformation process. We determined if ASPH was a therapeutic target by exerting effects on cellular senescence to retard HCC progression. ASPH knockdown or knockout was achieved by short hairpin RNAs or the CRISPR/Cas9 system, respectively, whereas enzymatic inhibition was rendered by a potent second-generation small molecule inhibitor of ASPH...
April 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Chetram Deochand, Ming Tong, Amit R Agarwal, Enrique Cadenas, Suzanne M de la Monte
BACKGROUND: Human studies suggest tobacco smoking is a risk factor for cognitive impairment and neurodegeneration, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, experimental data linking tobacco smoke exposures to underlying mediators of neurodegeneration, including impairments in brain insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling in AD are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study tests the hypothesis that cigarette smoke (CS) exposures can impair brain insulin/IGF signaling and alter expression of AD-associated proteins...
2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Daniele Guido, Nicolas Demaurex, Paula Nunes
Local intracellular Ca(2+) elevations increase the efficiency of phagocytosis, a process that is essential for innate and adaptive immunity. These local Ca(2+) elevations are generated in part by the store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) sensor STIM1, which recruits endoplasmic reticulum (ER) cisternae to phagosomes and opens phagosomal Ca(2+) channels at ER-phagosome junctions. However, residual ER-phagosome contacts and periphagosomal Ca(2+) hotspots remain in Stim1(-/-) cells. Here, we tested whether junctate (also called ASPH isoform 8), a molecule that targets STIM1 to ER-plasma-membrane contacts upon Ca(2+)-store depletion, cooperates with STIM1 at phagosome junctions...
November 15, 2015: Journal of Cell Science
Waihong Chung, Miran Kim, Suzanne de la Monte, Lisa Longato, Rolf Carlson, Betty L Slagle, Xiaoqun Dong, Jack R Wands
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Understanding the molecular pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is essential to identify therapeutic targets. A hepatitis B virus (HBV) related double transgenic murine model was developed. METHODS: Liver specific expression of HBV X protein (HBx) and insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) was achieved and transgenic mice were followed from birth to age 21 months. Liver and tumor tissue were assessed for histologic changes as well as activation of signal transduction pathways by qRT-PCR and multiplex ELISA protein assays...
January 1, 2016: Cancer Letters
Himanshu Negandhi, Preeti Negandhi, Ritika Tiwari, Anjali Sharma, Sanjay Zodpey, Hemali Kulatilaka, Sangeeta Tikyani
BACKGROUND: Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) provides vital information for decision-making and its structures, systems and processes are expected to be integrated throughout the life-cycle of public health programs. The acquisition of these skills should be developed in a structured manner and needs educational systems to identify core competencies in M&E teaching. This article presents our work on harmonizing M&E competencies for Masters level programs in the South Asian context and undertaking the global review of M&E track/ concentration offered in various Masters of Public Health (MPH) programs...
August 5, 2015: BMC Medical Education
E I Gkaniatsou, C N Banti, N Kourkoumelis, S Skoulika, M Manoli, A J Tasiopoulos, S K Hadjikakou
The already known Ag(I)-Sb(III) compound of the formula {Ag(Ph3Sb)3(NO3)} (1) and two novel mixed metal Ag(I)-Sb(III) metallotherapeutics of the formulae {Ag(Ph3Sb)3(SalH)}(2) and {Ag(Ph3Sb)3(Asp)}(3) (SalH2=salicylic acid, AspH=aspirin or 2-acetylsalicylic acid and Ph3Sb=triphenyl antimony(III)) have been synthesised and characterised by m.p., vibrational spectroscopy (mid-FT-IR), (13)C-,(1)H-NMR, UV-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopic techniques, high resolution mass spectroscopy (HRMS) and X-ray crystallography...
September 2015: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Todor Dudev, Boris Musset, Deri Morgan, Vladimir V Cherny, Susan M E Smith, Karine Mazmanian, Thomas E DeCoursey, Carmay Lim
Voltage-gated proton channels, HV1, trigger bioluminescence in dinoflagellates, enable calcification in coccolithophores, and play multifarious roles in human health. Because the proton concentration is minuscule, exquisite selectivity for protons over other ions is critical to HV1 function. The selectivity of the open HV1 channel requires an aspartate near an arginine in the selectivity filter (SF), a narrow region that dictates proton selectivity, but the mechanism of proton selectivity is unknown. Here we use a reduced quantum model to elucidate how the Asp-Arg SF selects protons but excludes other ions...
2015: Scientific Reports
F Gundogan, J Gilligan, W Qi, E Chen, R Naram, S M de la Monte
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal ethanol exposure compromises fetal growth by impairing placentation. Invasive trophoblastic cells, which mediate placentation, express the insulin-IGF regulated gene, aspartyl-asparaginyl β-hydroxylase (ASPH), which has a critical role in cell motility and invasion. The aims of this study were to characterize effects of ethanol on trophoblastic cell motility, and assess ethanol dose-dependent impairments in placentation and fetal development. METHODS: Pregnant Long Evans dams were fed with isocaloric liquid diets containing 0%, 8%, 18% or 37% ethanol (caloric content) from gestation day (GD) 6 to GD18...
May 2015: Placenta
Yoshito Tomimaru, Sasmita Mishra, Howard Safran, Kevin P Charpentier, William Martin, Anne S De Groot, Stephen H Gregory, Jack R Wands
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a poor prognosis due to high recurrence rate. Aspartate-β-hydroxylase (ASPH) is a highly conserved transmembrane protein, which is over expressed in HCC and promotes a malignant phenotype. The capability of ASPH protein-derived HLA class I and II peptides to generate antigen specific CD4(+) and CD8(+) immune responses is unknown. Therefore, these studies aim to define the epitope specific components required for a peptide based candidate vaccine. Monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) generated from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of HCC patients were loaded with ASPH protein...
March 3, 2015: Vaccine
Linwei Li, Shamaruh Mirza, Spencer J Richardson, Esther M Gallant, Chris Thekkedam, Suzy M Pace, Francesco Zorzato, Dan Liu, Nicole A Beard, Angela F Dulhunty
Junctin, a non-catalytic splice variant encoded by the aspartate-β-hydroxylase (Asph) gene, is inserted into the membrane of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) store where it modifies Ca(2+) signalling in the heart and skeletal muscle through its regulation of ryanodine receptor (RyR) Ca(2+) release channels. Junctin is required for normal muscle function as its knockout leads to abnormal Ca(2+) signalling, muscle dysfunction and cardiac arrhythmia. However, the nature of the molecular interaction between junctin and RyRs is largely unknown and was assumed to occur only in the SR lumen...
March 1, 2015: Journal of Cell Science
Xiaoqun Dong, Qiushi Lin, Arihiro Aihara, Yu Li, Chiung-Kuei Huang, Waihong Chung, Qi Tang, Xuesong Chen, Rolf Carlson, Christina Nadolny, Gregory Gabriel, Mark Olsen, Jack R Wands
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is one of the leading causes of cancer related deaths due to aggressive progression and metastatic spread. Aspartate β-hydroxylase (ASPH), a cell surface protein that catalyzes the hydroxylation of epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like repeats in Notch receptors and ligands, is highly overexpressed in PC. ASPH upregulation confers a malignant phenotype characterized by enhanced cell proliferation, migration, invasion and colony formation in vitro as well as PC tumor growth in vivo. The transforming properties of ASPH depend on enzymatic activity...
January 20, 2015: Oncotarget
C N Banti, A D Giannoulis, N Kourkoumelis, A M Owczarzak, M Kubicki, S K Hadjikakou
Silver nitrate reacts with salicylic acid (salH2) or p-hydroxy-benzoic acid (p-HbzaH2) and equimolar amount of NaOH to yield a white precipitations which are then treated with tri(p-tolyl)phosphine (tptp) or tri(m-tolyl)phosphine (tmtp) to yield the complexes [Ag(tptp)2(salH)] (1), [Ag(tptp)2(p-Hbza)] (2) and [Ag(tmtp)2(salH)] (3). Complexes 1 and 3 are also obtained when aspirin (aspH) is used. The acetic ester of salicylic acid is hydrolyzed to form the complexes 1 and 3. However, when aspirin and tptp are used, a mixture of products was obtained which contains both 1 and an ionic complex of formula {[Ag(tptp)4](+)[(salH)(-)]∙[(CH3)2NCHO)]∙(H2O)} (1a)...
January 2015: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Eleni Vrontaki, Georgios Leonis, Aggelos Avramopoulos, Manthos G Papadopoulos, Mihael Simčič, Simona Golič Grdadolnik, Antreas Afantitis, Georgia Melagraki, Sotiris K Hadjikakou, Thomas Mavromoustakos
An anti-inflammatory complex of Ag(I), namely [Ag(tpp)3(asp)](dmf) [tpp = triphenylphosphine, aspH = aspirin, dmf = N,N-dimethylformamide], was synthesized in an attempt to develop novel metallotherapeutic molecules. STD (1)H NMR experiments were used to examine if this complex binds to LOX-1. The (1)H NMR spectra in buffer Tris/D2O betrayed the existence of two complexes: the complex of aspirin and the complex of salicylic acid produced after deacetylation of aspirin. Nevertheless, the STD spectra showed that only the complex of salicylic acid is bound to the enzyme...
2015: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Adam Jon Lebowitz
Disasters impact the mental health of entire communities through destruction and physical displacement. There is growing recognition of the need for disaster mental health competencies. Professional organizations such as the AAFP and the ASPH recommend engaging with communities in equal partnership for their recovery. This systematic study was undertaken for the purpose of reviewing published disaster medicine competencies to determine if core competencies included community cooperation and collaboration. A search of Internet databases was conducted using major keywords "disaster" and "competencies"...
February 2015: Community Mental Health Journal
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