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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813070/neonatal-hearing-screening-in-primary-health-care-and-family-health-care
#1
José Carlos Sabbag, Adriana Bender Moreira de Lacerda
Purpose: The Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) looks for early diagnosis and rehabilitation of newborns at risk or not of hearing impairment. The purpose is analyze the flow of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening in the family health care strategy unit through the tracking and monitoring of children. Methods: This is a quantitative and retrospective study. The trace begins with the third copy of the Live Newborn Declaration, filled in at the maternity ward...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812835/impact-of-health-research-systems-on-under-5-mortality-rate-a-trend-analysis
#2
Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Reza Majdzadeh, Sima Nikooee
BACKGROUND: Between 1990 and 2015, under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) declined by 53%, from an estimated rate of 91 deaths per 1000 live births to 43, globally. The aim of this study was to determine the share of health research systems in this decrease alongside other influential factors. METHODS: We used random effect regression models including the 'random intercept' and 'random intercept and random slope' models to analyze the panel data from 1990 to 2010. We selected the countries with U5MRs falling between the first and third quartiles in 1990...
November 26, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811783/incidence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-low-birth-weight-babies-born-in-shaikh-khalifa-bin-zayad-al-nayan-hospital-muzaffarabad-azad-jammu-and-kashmir
#3
Gulnaz Iltaf, Beenish Shahid, Muhammad Ijaz Khan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Birth weight is the most important factor that affects infant and child mortality. The most common cause of low birth is malnutrition before and during the pregnancy period. The present study was conducted to explore the associated risk factors of low birth weight which will be helpful to undertake effective measures to reduce the incidence of the low birth weight babies. METHODS: The study was conducted at Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayad Al-Nayan Hospital Muzaffarabad...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811091/pregravid-hypertension-may-have-different-secondary-sex-ratio-effects-in-different-races-in-the-united-states
#4
Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females and the ratio is expressed as M/F (male/female births=secondary sex ratio, also known as secondary sex ratio). This is expected to approximate 1.048. Racial M/F disparities are known. A recent study in China showed that pregravid systolic hypertension is higher in women who delivered a boy than in those who had a girl. This study was carried out in order to identify the effect of pregravid hypertension in the United States on M/F by race...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810088/the-impact-of-maternal-diabetes-obesity-and-race-on-infant-birth-weights-in-south-dakota
#5
Kari L Halvorson, H Bruce Vogt, Lon Kightlinger, Dennis Stevens
INTRODUCTION: Maternal obesity, high gestational weight gain and diabetes mellitus during pregnancy are known risk factors that correlate with high infant birth weight and the mother's race. Previous studies have focused on low birth weight, prematurity and infant mortality. This study examined the interaction between race, maternal risk factors and high infant birth weights at the population level in South Dakota to identify factors contributing to the high Native American infant birth weights...
February 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808870/chest-circumference-and-birth-weight-are-good-predictors-of-lung-function-in-preschool-children-from-an-e-waste-recycling-area
#6
Xiang Zeng, Xijin Xu, Yuling Zhang, Weiqiu Li, Xia Huo
The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between birth weight, chest circumference, and lung function in preschool children from e-waste exposure area. A total of 206 preschool children from Guiyu (an e-waste recycling area) and Haojiang and Xiashan (the reference areas) in China were recruited and required to undergo physical examination, blood tests, and lung function tests during the study period. Birth outcome such as birth weight and birth height were obtained by questionnaire. Children living in the e-waste-exposed area have a lower birth weight, chest circumference, height, and lung function when compare to their peers from the reference areas (all p value <0...
August 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808658/trends-and-inequalities-in-use-of-maternal-health-care-services-in-nepal-strategy-in-the-search-for-improvements
#7
Suresh Mehata, Yuba Raj Paudel, Maureen Dariang, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Bibek Kumar Lal, Mukti Nath Khanal, Deborah Thomas
BACKGROUND: Nepal has made significant progress against the Millennium Development Goals for maternal and child health over the past two decades. However, disparities in use of maternal health services persist along geographic, economic, and sociocultural lines. METHODS: Trends and inequalities in the use of maternal health services in Nepal between 1994 and 2011 were examined using four Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS), nationally representative cross-sectional surveys conducted by interviewing women who gave birth 3-5 years prior to the survey...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808642/burden-of-disease-attributable-to-vitamin-a-deficiency-in-iranian-population-aged-less-than-five-years-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2010
#8
Maryam Bahreynian, Mostafa Qorbani, Shohreh Naderimagham, Sara Nejatinamini, Asal Ataie-Jafari, Farshad Sharifi, Fahad Saqib, Alireza Khajavi, Morteza Mansourian, Ali Asghar Ahmadishokouh, Hamid Asayesh, Omid Safari, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is considered as one of the most serious public health concerns in developing countriesand the leading cause of mortality in under-five-year-old children.A large number of young children and pregnant women especially in low-income, non-industrialized communities are more susceptible to VAD. This study aims to report the burden of disease (BOD) attributable to VAD in Iranian population aged less than 5 years by using data of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2010...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808074/trends-in-antibiotic-use-by-birth-season-and-birth-year
#9
Alan C Kinlaw, Til Stürmer, Jennifer L Lund, Lars Pedersen, Michael D Kappelman, Julie L Daniels, Trine Frøslev, Christina D Mack, Henrik Toft Sørensen
OBJECTIVES: We examined 2 birth cohort effects on antibiotic prescribing during the first year of life (henceforth, infancy) in Denmark: (1) the birth season effect on timing and overall occurrence of antibiotic prescribing, and (2) the birth year effect amid emerging nationwide pneumococcal vaccination programs and changing prescribing guidelines. METHODS: We linked data for all live births in Denmark from 2004 to 2012 (N = 561 729) across the National Health Service Prescription Database, Medical Birth Registry, and Civil Registration System...
August 14, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807397/colorectal-endometriosis-associated-infertility-should-surgery-precede-art
#10
Sofiane Bendifallah, Horace Roman, Emmanuelle Mathieu d'Argent, Salma Touleimat, Jonathan Cohen, Emile Darai, Marcos Ballester
OBJECTIVE: To compare the impact of first-line assisted reproductive technology (ART; intracytoplasmic sperm injection [ICSI]-IVF) and first-line colorectal surgery followed by ART on fertility outcomes in women with colorectal endometriosis-associated infertility. DESIGN: Retrospective matched cohort study using propensity score (PS) matching (PSM) analysis. SETTING: University referral centers. PATIENT(S): A total of 110 women were analyzed from January 2005 to June 2014...
August 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806489/characteristics-of-spontaneous-births-attended-by-midwives-and-physicians-in-us-hospitals-in-2014
#11
Patrick Thornton
INTRODUCTION: This study compares characteristics and birth outcomes of women attended by certified nurse-midwives/certified midwives (midwives) and physicians in US hospitals in 2014. METHODS: Data reported in 2014 on the 2003 version of the US birth certificate were examined. Spontaneous vaginal births attributed to midwives and physicians and occurring in hospitals were included. Demographic and risk profiles and adjusted odds ratios for maternal and newborn outcomes were compared by provider type...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805261/pregnancy-outcomes-and-impact-of-pregnancy-on-graft-function-in-women-after-kidney-transplantation
#12
Fa Mohammadi, M Borg, A Gulyani, S P Mcdonald, S Jesudason
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation facilitates pregnancy in women with end-stage kidney disease, however impact of pregnancy on short and longer-term graft function is uncertain. METHODS: Obstetric, foetal and graft outcomes for pregnancies from a large Australian transplant unit (1976-2015) were reviewed. RESULTS: There were 56 pregnancies in 35 women with mean age at conception 30.4±0.6 years and mean transplant-pregnancy interval 5.5±0...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804876/insulin-resistance-in-pregnant-women-with-and-without-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-measures-of-body-composition-in-offspring-at-birth-and-3-years-of-age
#13
Sara Kristín Finnbogadóttir, Dorte Glintborg, Tina Kold Jensen, Henriette Kyhl, Ellen A Nohr, Marianne Andersen
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with obesity and insulin resistance in the non-pregnant state, but little is known about insulin sensitivity in the pregnant state. Our objective was to compare insulin resistance in pregnant women with and without PCOS and explore the impact of PCOS on body composition in offspring at birth and at 3 years of age MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study including 2548 live born singleton mother-child pairs residing in Odense municipality, Denmark, during 2010-2013...
August 14, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803585/performance-and-financial-consequences-of-stillbirth-in-holstein-dairy-cattle
#14
A Mahnani, A Sadeghi-Sefidmazgi, H Keshavarzi
Stillbirth is an economically important trait on dairy farms. Knowledge of the consequences of, and the economic losses associated with stillbirth can help the producer when making management decisions. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of stillbirth on productive and reproductive performance as well as financial losses due to stillbirth incidence in Iranian Holstein dairy farms. Economic and performance data were collected from nine Holstein dairy farms in Isfahan and Khorasan provinces of Iran from March 2008 to December 2013...
August 14, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803576/age-at-castration-surgical-or-immunological-impacts-carcass-characteristics-and-meat-quality-of-male-pigs
#15
L Huber, E J Squires, I B Mandell, C F M de Lange
In order to accurately estimate body composition at slaughter and to meet specific market targets, the influence of age at time of castration (surgical or immunological) on body composition and boar taint indicators must be determined for male pigs. In all, 48 males were randomly assigned to one of four management regimens: (1) entire male pigs (EM), (2) EM surgically castrated at ~40 kg BW and 10 weeks of age (late castrates; LC), (3) conventional, early surgical castrates (within 4 days of birth; EC) and (4) EM immunized with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog (primary dose at 30 kg BW and 8 weeks of age; booster dose at 70 kg and 14 weeks of age; IM)...
August 14, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802943/pregnancy-outcomes-after-transvaginal-sacrospinous-hysteropexy
#16
Sabri Cavkaytar, Mahmut Kuntay Kokanalı, Umit Tasdemir, Melike Doganay, Orhan Aksakal
AIM: To evaluate the pregnancy outcomes in women who underwent transvaginal sacrospinous hysteropexy with the review of the literature STUDY DESIGN: 54 women who underwent transvaginal sacrospinous hysteropexy due to ≥grade 2 uterine prolapse during six-year period were identified from a computer based database. 8 of these who had pregnancy resulted in live birth subsequent to transvaginal sacrospinous hysteropexy were enrolled in this study. They were examined in case of pelvic organ prolapse recurrence and were questioned about their current self satisfaction status and PISQ-12 questionnaire...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802911/childhood-maltreatment-and-high-dietary-fat-intake-behaviors-in-adulthood-a-birth-cohort-study
#17
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Childhood maltreatment has been associated with a wide range of chronic medical conditions including obesity, other metabolic events and eating disorders. However, little is known about the association between childhood maltreatment and high dietary fat intake. This study addresses the extent to which co-occurring and specific forms of substantiated childhood maltreatment are associated with self-reported high dietary fat intake in adulthood and whether there is a gender-childhood maltreatment interaction in predicting this association...
August 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802823/access-to-and-use-of-health-services-as-factors-associated-with-neonatal-mortality-in-the-north-northeast-and-vale-do-jequitinhonha-regions-brazil
#18
Cristiane B Batista, Márcia L de Carvalho, Ana Glória G Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors associated with neonatal mortality related to health services accessibility and use. METHODS: Case-control study of live births in 2008 in small- and medium-sized municipalities in the North, Northeast, and Vale do Jequitinhonha regions, Brazil. A probabilistic sample stratified by region, population size, and information adequacy was generated for the choice of municipalities. Of these, all municipalities with 20,000 inhabitants or less were included in the study (36 municipalities), whereas the remainder were selected according to the probability method proportional to population size, totaling 20 cities with 20,001-50,000 inhabitants and 19 municipalities with 50,001-200,000 inhabitants...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802771/dmd-and-west-syndrome
#19
Ruxandra Cardas, Catrinel Iliescu, Nina Butoianu, Andreea Seferian, Svetlana Gataullina, Elena Gargaun, Juliette Nectoux, Thierry Bienvenu, Dana Craiu, Teresa Gidaro, Laurent Servais
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is the most frequent muscular dystrophy in childhood, with a worldwide incidence of one in 5000 live male births. It is due to mutations in the dystrophin gene leading to absence of full-length dystrophin protein. Central nervous system involvement is well-known in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. The multiple dystrophin isoforms expressed in brain have important roles in cerebral development and functioning. The association of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy with seizures has been reported, and there is a higher prevalence of epilepsy in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy patients (between 6...
July 19, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802746/is-it-who-you-are-or-where-you-live-residential-segregation-and-racial-gaps-in-childhood-asthma
#20
Diane Alexander, Janet Currie
Higher asthma rates are one of the more obvious ways that health inequalities between African American and other children are manifested beginning in early childhood. In 2010, black asthma rates were double non-black rates. Some but not all of this difference can be explained by factors such as a higher incidence of low birth weight (LBW) among blacks; however, even conditional on LBW, blacks have a higher incidence of asthma than others. Using a unique data set based on the health records of all children born in New Jersey between 2006 and 2010, we show that when we split the data by whether or not children live in a "black" zip code, this racial difference in the incidence of asthma among LBW children entirely disappears...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
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