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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226011/prematurity-and-associated-factors-in-divin%C3%A3-polis-minas-gerais-state-brazil-2008-2011-analysis-of-the-information-system-on-live-births
#1
Eliete Albano de Azevedo Guimarães, Carolina Santiago Vieira, Fernanda Daniela Dornelas Nunes, Gabriela da Cunha Januário, Valéria Conceição de Oliveira, Jacqueline Domingues Tibúrcio
OBJECTIVE: to estimate prematurity prevalence and associated factors in Divinópolis, Minas Gerais state, Brazil, 2008-2011. METHODS: this is a cross-sectional study with data from 9,987 records held on the Information System on Live Births; a multiple logistic regression model was used. RESULTS: prevalence of preterm births was 8.0%; the higher likelihood of premature newborns were found to cesarean section (8.9%), mothers aged 15 or less (14...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226010/cesarean-sections-in-piau%C3%A3-state-trend-and-associated-factors-in-the-period-2000-2011-brazil
#2
Alberto Madeiro, Andréa Cronemberger Rufino, Aline Oliveira Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: to analyze trends in cesarean sections proportion and associated factors in Piauí State, Brazil, from 2000 to 2011. METHODS: this is a time series and cross-sectional study, with data of all institutional childbirths in primiparous, recorded on the Information System on Live Births (Sinasc). RESULTS: cesarean sections proportion increased from 34.4% in 2000 to 52.1% in 2011 (annual percentage change +4.4; 95%CI 3.6;5.1); white-skinned women (PR=1...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225798/effect-of-maternal-death-on-child-survival-in-rural-west-africa-25-years-of-prospective-surveillance-data-in-the-gambia
#3
Susana Scott, Lindsay Kendall, Pierre Gomez, Stephen R C Howie, Syed M A Zaman, Samba Ceesay, Umberto D'Alessandro, Momodou Jasseh
BACKGROUND: The death of a mother is a tragedy in itself but it can also have devastating effects for the survival of her children. We aim to explore the impact of a mother's death on child survival in rural Gambia, West Africa. METHODS: We used 25 years of prospective surveillance data from the Farafenni Health and Demographic surveillance system (FHDSS). Mortality rates per 1,000 child-years up to ten years of age were estimated and Kaplan-Meier survival curves plotted by maternal vital status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224697/antioxidant-treatment-ameliorates-diabetes-induced-dysfunction-of-the-vas-deferens-in-a-rat-model
#4
P Tsounapi, M Honda, F Dimitriadis, S Shimizu, T Shiomi, K Hikita, M Saito, S Tomita, N Sofikitis, A Takenaka
Diabetes mellitus (DM) affects the male ejaculatory function. This study was designed to evaluate the role of oxidative stress in the development of diabetes-induced dysfunction of vas deferens (VD) in the rat. DM was induced by streptozotocin in 40 male Wistar rats. Subsequently, the diabetic animals were divided into three groups: DM group, DM + Eda group and DM + Tau group. These groups were administered saline, edaravone and taurine, respectively, daily for 4 weeks. Another group of ten rats served as a control group...
February 22, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222427/impact-of-fmr1-pre-mutation-status-on-blastocyst-development-in-patients-undergoing-pre-implantation-genetic-diagnosis
#5
Anne P Hutchinson, Nigel Pereira, Debra P Lilienthal, Siobhán Coveney, Jovana P Lekovich, Rony T Elias, Zev Rosenwaks
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study aimed to investigate the impact of fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) pre-mutation status on blastocyst development in patients undergoing pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). METHODS: Case-control study of patients <40 years undergoing PGD at blastocyst stage for FMR1 pre-mutation status. Age-matched patients undergoing PGD for other single gene disorders were considered controls. Blastocyst development, calculated per metaphase II (MII) oocyte retrieved and per 2 pronuclear (2PN) embryos, was compared between the 2 groups...
February 22, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221941/the-hap-complex-governs-fumonisin-biosynthesis-and-maize-kernel-pathogenesis-in-fusarium-verticillioides
#6
John B Ridenour, Jonathon E Smith, Burton H Bluhm
Contamination of maize ( Zea mays ) with fumonisins produced by the fungus Fusarium verticillioides is a global concern for food safety. Fumonisins are a group of polyketide-derived secondary metabolites linked to esophageal cancer and neural tube birth defects in humans and numerous toxicoses in livestock. Despite the importance of fumonisins in global maize production, the regulation of fumonisin biosynthesis during kernel pathogenesis is poorly understood. The HAP complex is a conserved, heterotrimeric transcriptional regulator that binds the consensus sequence CCAAT to modulate gene expression...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220993/antiemetic-use-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states-the-escalating-use-of-ondansetron
#7
Lockwood G Taylor, Steven T Bird, Leyla Sahin, Melissa S Tassinari, Patty Greene, Marsha E Reichman, Susan E Andrade, Katherine Haffenreffer, Sengwee Toh
PURPOSE: To examine ondansetron use in pregnancy in the context of other antiemetic use among a large insured United States population of women delivering live births. METHODS: We assessed ondansetron and other antiemetic use among pregnant women delivering live births between 2001 and 2015 in 15 data partners contributing data to the Mini-Sentinel Distributed Database. We identified live birth pregnancies using a validated algorithm, and all forms of ondansetron and other available antiemetics were identified using National Drug Codes or procedure codes...
February 21, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220656/impact-of-stillbirths-on-international-comparisons-of-preterm-birth-rates-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-who-multi-country-survey-of-maternal-and-newborn-health
#8
N Morisaki, T Ganchimeg, J P Vogel, J Zeitlin, J G Cecatti, J P Souza, C Pileggi Castro, M R Torloni, E Ota, R Mori, S M Dolan, S Tough, S Mittal, V Bataglia, B Yadamsuren, M S Kramer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent to which stillbirths affect international comparisons of preterm birth rates in low- and middle-income countries. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a multi-country cross-sectional study. SETTING: 29 countries participating in the World Health Organization Multicountry Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health. POPULATION: 258 215 singleton deliveries in 286 hospitals. METHODS: We describe how inclusion or exclusion of stillbirth affect rates of preterm births in 29 countries...
February 20, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220257/impact-of-prior-breast-cancer-on-mode-of-delivery-and-pregnancy-associated-disorders-a-retrospective-analysis-of-subsequent-pregnancy-outcomes
#9
Louis Jacob, Matthias Kalder, Birgit Arabin, Karel Kostev
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to analyze the impact of prior breast cancer (BC) on mode of delivery and pregnancy-associated disorders. METHODS: A database from 262 German gynecological practices including 289,712 women between the ages of 18 and 45 with documented pregnancies between 2000 and 2014 was used to search for patients with a history of BC up to 10 years prior to pregnancy. A total of 165 patients with a history of BC were found and matched with 165 patients without a history of any cancer (1:1) by age, physician, obesity, and documented referral to a fertility center up to 12 months before the index pregnancy...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219476/genetic-parameters-and-genome-wide-associations-of-twinning-rate-in-a-local-breed-the-maremmana-cattle
#10
B Moioli, R Steri, C Marchitelli, G Catillo, L Buttazzoni
This study seeks to verify the feasibility of increasing twinning in a herd of the Italian autochtonous Maremmana breed. The data set included 1260 individuals born from 1963 to 2014, 527 males and 733 females, 402 of them calving at least once from 1983 through 2015. Breeding values for twinning were estimated by a single-trait linear animal model. However, since twinning is a dichotomous trait and the frequency of twins is far smaller than the frequency of single births, breeding values were also estimated by a single-trait animal threshold model...
February 21, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218773/risk-factors-for-birth-defects
#11
Benjamin S Harris, Katherine C Bishop, Hanna R Kemeny, Jennifer S Walker, Eleanor Rhee, Jeffrey A Kuller
Importance: Major congenital abnormalities, or birth defects, carry significant medical, surgical, cosmetic, or lifestyle consequences. Such abnormalities may be syndromic, involving multiple organ systems, or can be isolated. Overall, 2% to 4% of live births involve congenital abnormalities. Risk factors for birth defects are categorized as modifiable and nonmodifiable. Modifiable risk factors require thorough patient education/counseling. The strongest risk factors, such as age, family history, and a previously affected child, are usually nonmodifiable...
February 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218216/effects-of-previous-laparoscopic-surgical-diagnosis-of-endometriosis-on-pregnancy-outcomes
#12
Hui Li, Hong-Lan Zhu, Xiao-Hong Chang, Yi Li, Yue Wang, Jing Guan, Heng Cui
BACKGROUND: The association between the previous history of endometriosis and obstetric outcomes is still ambiguous. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of previous history of operatively diagnosed endometriosis on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: A total of 98 primiparous women who had been diagnosed with endometriosis by previous laparoscopic surgery were included in this retrospective cohort study. Pregnancy outcomes were compared between these women (study group) who had a live birth and 300 women without endometriosis (control group) who had a live birth...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217882/the-association-between-unintended-births-and-poor-child-development-in-india-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Abhishek Singh, Ashish Kumar Upadhyay, Ashish Singh, Kaushalendra Kumar
Evidence on the association between unintended births and poor child development in developing countries is limited. We used data from three waves of the Young Lives study on childhood poverty conducted in Andhra Pradesh in 2002, 2006-07, and 2009 to examine the association between unintended births and poor child development in India. Multivariable linear regression models were used to examine the association between unintended births and four indicators of child development-height-for-age Z-score (HAZ), Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) score, Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT) score, and Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) test score...
February 20, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217673/in-vitro-fertilization-outcomes-in-women-with-surgery-induced-diminished-ovarian-reserve-after-endometrioma-operation-comparison-with-diminished-ovarian-reserve-without-ovarian-surgery
#14
Su Been Hong, Na Ra Lee, Seul Ki Kim, Hoon Kim, Byung Chul Jee, Chang Suk Suh, Seok Hyun Kim, Young Min Choi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes between women with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) after endometrioma operation and women with DOR without ovarian surgery. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study included 124 women aged under 40 and had DOR (serum anti-Müllerian hormone level <1.1 ng/mL or antral follicle count ≤6). They participated in fresh first and/or second IVF cycles between March in 2010 and December in 2015. Basal characteristics and IVF outcomes were compared between 47 cycles (32 women) with surgery-induced DOR and 119 cycles (92 women) with DOR without ovarian surgery...
January 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216926/urological-disorders-and-pregnancy-an-overall-experience
#15
Debasmita Mandal, Mriganka Mouli Saha, Dillip Kumar Pal
AIM: Pregnancy is an anatomical and physiological altered state and the presence of various urological problems not only aggravates the disease itself, but also results in unfavourable pregnancy outcome. Aim is to highlight obstetric outcome in pregnant women with urological problems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Longitudinal prospective cohort study conducted in tertiary care hospital, IPGME and R, Kolkata from Jan 2011 to Dec 2012. All pregnant women with urological problems were included as subjects...
January 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216912/pregnancy-outcomes-and-maternal-and-perinatal-complications-of-pregnancies-following-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-using-own-oocytes-donor-oocytes-and-vitrified-embryos-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#16
Manish Banker, Vidhisha Mehta, Dipesh Sorathiya, Mira Dave, Sandeep Shah
BACKGROUND: Several global studies have assessed maternal and perinatal outcomes and complications with the type of embryo transfer (ET) following in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI). The present study assessed the incidence of maternal and perinatal outcomes and complications following IVF/ICSI associated with the type of embryo transferred. METHODOLOGY: A total of 2112 ETs were performed in 2092 female patients aged 21-50 years between January 1 and December 31, 2014 (Group A: Fresh ET using self-oocytes: 691; Group B: Fresh ET using donor oocytes: 810; and Group C: Thaw ET using vitrified-warmed embryos: 611)...
October 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215678/the-impact-of-ovarian-stimulation-protocol-on-oocyte-quality-subsequent-in%C3%A2-vitro-embryo-development-and-pregnancy-after-transfer-to-recipients-in-eld-s-deer-rucervus-eldii-thamin
#17
Ampika Thongphakdee, Debra K Berg, Theerawat Tharasanit, Nikorn Thongtip, Wanlaya Tipkantha, Chainarong Punkong, Daraka Tongthainan, Sakhon Noimoon, Umaporn Maikeaw, Nudthakamol Kajornklin, Boripat Siriaroonrat, Pierre Comizzoli, Sumate Kamolnorranath
Propagating genetically valuable individuals through oocyte collection, in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer is critical to maintain sustainable populations of the endangered Eld's deer. The objectives of this study were to assess the impact of exogenous FSH injections on (1) the number and in vitro competence of oocytes collected and (2) the developmental potential of resulting IVF embryos after transfer into recipients during the breeding season (February-April). In a pilot experiment, estrus synchronization was conducted in three surplus females (using intravaginal progesterone-releasing devices, CIDRG for 14 days and injections of buserelin (a GnRH agonist)...
March 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215201/early-kit-mortality-and-growth-in-farmed-mink-are-affected-by-litter-size-rather-than-nest-climate
#18
T M Schou, J Malmkvist
We investigated the effects of nest box climate on early mink kit mortality and growth. We hypothesised that litters in warm nest boxes experience less hypothermia-induced mortality and higher growth rates during the 1st week of life. This study included data from 749, 1-year-old breeding dams with access to nesting materials. Kits were weighed on days 1 and 7, dead kits were collected daily from birth until day 7 after birth, and nest climate was measured continuously from days 1 to 6. We tested the influences of the following daily temperature (T) and humidity (H) parameters on the number of live-born kit deaths and kit growth: T mean, T min, T max, T var (fluctuation) and H mean...
February 20, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215177/cutaneous-changes-in-neonates-in-the-first-72-hours-of-birth-an-observational-study
#19
Nayantara R Gandra, Harshita B Reddy, Tina P Katta
BACKGROUND: Variation in neonatal skin changes and presentation is a frequent occurrence. We studied the pattern of cutaneous manifestations in new-borns <72 hours of birth. METHOD: We included all live babies delivered in our hospital; Babies were categorised according to age, birth weight and gestational age. Neonates were examined within 24 hrs of birth and daily for skin lesions for 72 hrs. Skin lesions were categorised into physiological, transient eruptions, due to infections, congenital anomalies and miscellaneous...
February 16, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214760/genotyping-analysis-of-protein-s-tokushima-k196e-and-the-involvement-of-protein-s-antigen-and-activity-in-patients-with-recurrent-pregnancy-loss
#20
Yasushi Matsukawa, Eriko Asano, Tomohide Tsuda, Hiroyuki Kuma, Tamao Kitaori, Kinue Katano, Yasuhiko Ozaki, Mayumi Sugiura-Ogasawara
OBJECTIVE: Preston et al. indicated that Protein S (PS) deficiency was associated with stillbirths but not miscarriages. The PS-Tokushima missense variant was reported to serve as a genetic risk factor for deep vein thrombosis in the Japanese population. A previous cross-sectional study showed no increase in the prevalence of PS-Tokushima in patients with recurrent early pregnancy loss or in patients with intra uterine fetal death and/or fetal growth restriction. There has been limited number of prospective studies examining the pregnancy outcome in patients with both a PS deficiency and recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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