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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929490/histological-subtypes-of-ovarian-cancer-associated-with-parity-and-breastfeeding-in-the-prospective-million-women-study
#1
Kezia Gaitskell, Jane Green, Kirstin Pirie, Isobel Barnes, Carol Hermon, Gillian K Reeves, Valerie Beral
Ovarian cancer risk is known to be reduced amongst women who have had children, but reported associations with breastfeeding are varied. Few studies have had sufficient power to explore reliably these associations by tumour histotype. In a prospective study of 1.1 million UK women, 8719 developed ovarian cancer during follow-up. Cox regression yielded adjusted relative risks (RRs) overall and by tumour histotype amongst women with different childbearing patterns. Nulliparous women had a 24% greater ovarian cancer risk than women with one child, with significant heterogeneity by histotype (p=0...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929268/mother-s-education-and-offspring-asthma-risk-in-10-european-cohort-studies
#2
Kate Marie Lewis, Milagros Ruiz, Peter Goldblatt, Joana Morrison, Daniela Porta, Francesco Forastiere, Daniel Hryhorczuk, Oleksandr Zvinchuk, Marie-Josephe Saurel-Cubizolles, Sandrine Lioret, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Martine Vrijheid, Maties Torrent, Carmen Iniguez, Isabel Larranaga, Margreet W Harskamp-van Ginkel, Tanja G M Vrijkotte, Jana Klanova, Jan Svancara, Henrique Barross, Sofia Correia, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Anja Taanila, Johnny Ludvigsson, Tomas Faresjo, Michael Marmot, Hynek Pikhart
Highly prevalent and typically beginning in childhood, asthma is a burdensome disease, yet the risk factors for this condition are not clarified. To enhance understanding, this study assessed the cohort-specific and pooled risk of maternal education on asthma in children aged 3-8 across 10 European countries. Data on 47,099 children were obtained from prospective birth cohort studies across 10 European countries. We calculated cohort-specific prevalence difference in asthma outcomes using the relative index of inequality (RII) and slope index of inequality (SII)...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928985/macrosomia-rates-in-women-with-diet-controlled-gestational-diabetes-a-retrospective-study
#3
Fatima Vally, Jeffrey Presneill, Thomas Cade
BACKGROUND: Current data on the rates of macrosomia in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are heterogenous. No study has specifically examined macrosomia rates in women with diet-controlled gestational diabetes. AIMS: To compare the rates of macrosomia between mothers with diet-controlled GDM to mothers without diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A retrospective study in which all patients with diet-controlled GDM and singleton pregnancies in 2014 were considered for inclusion in the study...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928872/prognostic-impact-of-abo-blood-group-on-type-i-endometrial-cancer-patients-results-from-our-own-and-other-studies
#4
Vincenzo Dario Mandato, Federica Torricelli, Valentina Mastrofilippo, Gino Ciarlini, Debora Pirillo, Enrico Farnetti, Loretta Fornaciari, Bruno Casali, Maria Carolina Gelli, Martino Abrate, Lorenzo Aguzzoli, Giovanni Battista La Sala, Davide Nicoli
Objectives: The ABO blood group antigens were found on most epithelial cells and in secretions. In the normal endometrium there is a variable expression of histo-blood group and related antigens suggesting a hormonal regulation. A relationship between ABO blood groups and endometrial cancer has been investigated with contradictory results. In this study we investigated the influence of blood types on clinical and pathological characteristics of endometrial cancer patients. Method: Retrospective cohort study...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928420/andreev-molecules-in-semiconductor-nanowire-double-quantum-dots
#5
Zhaoen Su, Alexandre B Tacla, Moïra Hocevar, Diana Car, Sébastien R Plissard, Erik P A M Bakkers, Andrew J Daley, David Pekker, Sergey M Frolov
Chains of quantum dots coupled to superconductors are promising for the realization of the Kitaev model of a topological superconductor. While individual superconducting quantum dots have been explored, control of longer chains requires understanding of interdot coupling. Here, double quantum dots are defined by gate voltages in indium antimonide nanowires. High transparency superconducting niobium titanium nitride contacts are made to each of the dots in order to induce superconductivity, as well as probe electron transport...
September 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927650/the-impact-of-delayed-maternity-on-foetal-growth-in-spain-an-assessment-by-population-attributable-fraction
#6
Carlos Varea, José Manuel Terán, Cristina Bernis, Barry Bogin
BACKGROUND: Delayed childbearing is considered a risk factor for maternal-foetal health. As in other higher-income countries, in Spain age at maternity has steadily increased during the last two decades. AIM: To quantify the impact of the delay in the age at maternity on small for gestational age (SGA) categories of <3rd, 3rd-5th and 5th-10th percentiles. METHODS: 2,672,350 singleton live births born to Spanish mothers in 2007-2015 were analysed...
September 16, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927464/cervical-cancer-screening-behavior-and-associated-factors-among-women-of-ugrachandi-nala-kavre-nepal
#7
Radha Acharya Pandey, Era Karmacharya
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer in Nepal ranks as the first most frequent cancer among women. Primary prevention measures, such as prophylactic vaccines against high risk HPV, are now available. Over time, vaccination will decrease the prevalence of the disease among younger women; however, screening will still be needed. The objective of the study was to assess the cervical cancer screening behavior and its associated factors among women of Nala Village Development Committee (VDC), Kavre...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927391/grand-multiparity-and-the-possible-risk-of-adverse-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-a-dilemma-to-be-deciphered
#8
Ghadeer K Al-Shaikh, Gehan H Ibrahim, Amel A Fayed, Hazem Al-Mandeel
BACKGROUND: The relation between grand multiparity (GMP) and the possible adverse pregnancy outcomes is not well identified. GMP (parity ≥5 births) frequently occurs in the Arab nations; therefore, this study aimed to identify the correlation between GMP and the different adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in the Saudi population. METHOD: This cohort study was conducted on a total of 3327 women from the labour ward in King Khaled University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
September 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926331/-assessment-of-urinary-incontinence-in-pregnancy-and-postpartum-observational-study
#9
Juliana Rocha, Pedro Brandão, Anabela Melo, Silvia Torres, Lurdes Mota, Fernanda Costa
INTRODUCTION: The urinary incontinence can affect up to 50% of women at some stage of their lives, particularly during pregnancy and postpartum. This study was designed in order to identify and assess the prevalence and risk factors for urinary incontinence during the third trimester of pregnancy and three months postpartum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational and cross-sectional study. The population of the study was composed of 268 women who delivered and were admitted to the Centro Hospitalar Tâmega e Sousa in the years 2013 and 2014, and who agreed to participate in this study...
August 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926041/single-crystal-uv-vis-spectroscopic-examination-of-a-striking-odd-even-effect-on-structure-and-chromic-behaviour-of-salicylidene-alkylamines
#10
Hirohiko Houjou, Hana Ikedo, Isao Yoshikawa
We have found that a series of N-(5-bromosalicylidene) alkylamines exhibited distinct chromic behaviour depending on the parity of their alkyl chain length. A group with an even number of carbon atoms in the alkyl chain showed photochromism, while another group with odd number showed thermochromism.
September 19, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925410/adiponectin-leptin-and-insulin-in-breast-milk-associations-with-maternal-characteristics-and-infant-body-composition-in-the-first-year-of-life
#11
D Chan, S Goruk, A B Becker, P Subbarao, P J Mandhane, S E Turvey, D Lefebvre, M R Sears, C J Field, M B Azad
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding may protect against excessive weight gain during infancy. However, the breast milk components responsible for this effect are unknown. We examined the variation of three breast milk hormones (adiponectin, leptin and insulin) according to maternal characteristics and determined their association with infant body composition. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We studied a representative subset of 430 breastfed infants in the CHILD birth cohort...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924373/association-of-maternal-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-in-second-trimester-with-delivery-mode-in-a-chinese-population
#12
Yingdi Yuan, Heng Liu, Chenbo Ji, Xirong Guo, Lingmin Hu, Juan Wen, Manhong Cai
Objective: To determine the maternal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in a Chinese population and investigate its associations with subsequent delivery mode by studying 1924 unrelated pregnant women. Methods: The serum 25(OH)D concentrations was measured by euzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Simultaneously, maternal information and subsequent delivery mode were collected. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the associations between 25(OH)D concentrations and caesarean section...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924270/clinical-efficacy-of-levonorgestrel-and-norethisterone-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#13
Muhammad Nadeem Ashraf, Agha Habib-Ur-Rehman, Zahid Shehzad, Shakir DakheelAllah AlSharari, Ghulam Murtaza
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy of levonorgestrel intrauterine system with oral norethisterone for the treatment of idiopathic chronic abnormal uterine bleeding. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Jubilee Female Hospital, Civil Hospital and private clinics of consultant gynaecologists in Bahawalpur, Pakistan, from March to August 2014, and comprised patients presenting with abnormal uterine bleeding. The patients were equally and randomly divided into two groups, i...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922383/timing-and-adequate-attendance-of-antenatal-care-visits-among-women-in-ethiopia
#14
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale, Vaibhav Shah, Bernard Kadio, Ogochukwu Udenigwe
INTRODUCTION: Although ANC services are increasingly available to women in low and middle-income countries, their inadequate use persists. This suggests a misalignment between aims of the services and maternal beliefs and circumstances. Owing to the dearth of studies examining the timing and adequacy of content of care, this current study aims to investigate the timing and frequency of ANC visits in Ethiopia. METHODS: Data was obtained from the nationally representative 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) which used a two-stage cluster sampling design to provide estimates for the health and demographic variables of interest for the country...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921382/the-association-between-infantile-postural-asymmetry-and-unsettled-behaviour-in-babies
#15
Julie Ellwood, Michael Ford, Alf Nicholson
Unsettled infant behaviour is a common problem of infancy without known aetiology or clearly effective management. Some manual therapists propose that musculoskeletal dysfunction contributes to unsettled infant behaviour, yet reported improvement following treatment is anecdotal. The infantile postural asymmetry measurement scale is a tool which measures infantile asymmetry, a form of musculoskeletal dysfunction. The first part of the study aimed to investigate its reliability and validity for measuring infantile postural asymmetry...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921033/risk-factors-for-prolapse-recurrence-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Talia Friedman, Guy D Eslick, Hans Peter Dietz
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Female pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common condition, with a lifetime risk for surgery of 10-20%. Prolapse procedures are known to have a high reoperation rate. It is assumed that etiological factors for POP may also be risk factors for POP recurrence after surgery. There are few reviews available evaluating risk factors for prolapse and recurrence or recently updated meta-analysis on this topic. Our aim was to perform a systematic review and quantitative meta-analysis to determine risk factors for prolapse recurrence after reconstructive surgery...
September 18, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920410/effect-of-seasonal-changes-on-fertility-parameters-of-holstein-dairy-cow-in-subtropical-climate-of-taiwan
#17
Wen Bor Liu, Huo Cheng Peh, Chien Kai Wang, Mancoba Christopher Mangwe, Chih Feng Chen, Hsin I Chiang
Objective: The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the relationship between temperature-humidity index (THI), season, and conception rate (CR) of Holstein cows in central Taiwan. Methods: The mean performance and number of observations were statistically evaluated for various parameters, including age at first service, number of days open, gestation length, CR, and calving interval for different parities. Results: The results indicate that the mean age at first service was 493...
September 18, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919680/effects-of-body-conformation-and-udder-morphology-on-milk-yield-of-zebu-cows-in-north-region-of-cameroon
#18
Kilekoung Jean-Pierre Mingoas, Julius Awah-Ndukum, Houinga Dakyang, Pagnah André Zoli
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of udder morphological characteristics on milk yield in zebu cows of Cameroon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The diameter and height of the udder, length and diameter of the teat, and the milk yield were measured in 29 Djafun (Red Mbororo) and 19 Aku (White Fulani) cows in Louggueré zootechnical station in the North region of Cameroon. RESULTS: Overall, strong positive correlation (rp=0.60) between the diameter (240...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919017/molecular-characterization-of-lower-vaginal-swabs-for-human-papilloma-virus-in-association-with-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-cameroonian-women
#19
Pythagore Fogue, Geraldo Djeudong, George Bouting, Elom Aglago, Gustave Simo, Smiths Lueong
Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is an etiological factor for cervical cancer development and Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) is considered as a cofactor. Understanding the dynamics of HPV and Ct infection could help to explain the incidence of early onset of cervical cancer (CC) observed in Cameroon. Lower vaginal swabs and sera from sexually active women were analyzed for HPV and Ct infection in association with risk factors. Questionnaires were used to document patients' lifestyle and risk factors. A total of 206 women participated in the study average 28...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918136/short-communication-cow-and-quarter-level-milking-indicators-and-their-associations-with-clinical-mastitis-in-an-automatic-milking-system
#20
J F Penry, P M Crump, P L Ruegg, D J Reinemann
The aim of this study was to assess associations of cow-, udder-, and quarter-level factors with the risk of clinical mastitis (CM) in cows managed using an automatic milking system. The primary hypothesis was that quarter peak milk flow rate (QPMF) is associated with increased risk of CM. A retrospective, case-control study was undertaken using data from a 1,549 cow farm using 20 automatic milking system units. All data from cows milked during March to December 2015 was available for analysis. Cases (n = 82) were defined as cows diagnosed with their first case of CM between 24 and 300 d in milk in the current lactation...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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