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NAD+ AND NQO1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225188/rosuvastatin-improves-myocardial-hypertrophy-after-hemodynamic-pressure-overload-via-regulating-the-crosstalk-of-nrf2-are-and-tgf-%C3%AE-smads-pathways-in-rat-heart
#1
Pengbo Wang, Lin Luo, Qiusheng Shen, Gaoyong Shi, Anaz Mohammed, Songshi Ni, Xiang Wu
Left ventricular hypertrophy is more commonly associated with hemodynamic overload imposed by hypertension or volume overload. Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) is involved in the cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis of the left ventricle. The fact that TGF-β1 and the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) both become up-regulated upon persistent vessel overload suggests that these two factors may virtually impact on their signaling pathways. In this research, 40 rats were divided into sham group, model group, rosuvastatin low and high dose group...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214656/screening-active-components-of-modified-xiaoyao-powder-as-nrf2-agonists
#2
Yujie Yang, Yanran Wang, Ting Wang, Xuehua Jiang, Ling Wang
Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2) regulates antioxidant enzymes and phase II detoxifying enzymes, such as NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). Modified Xiaoyao powder (MXP) is most frequently used in the prevention and treatment of breast cancer in China. This study aimed to screen active components of MXP for antioxidant stress and chemoprevention, which depend on NRF2-NQO1 signalling pathway. A total of 25 monomeric compounds contained in MXP were screened using an antioxidant response element-luciferase reporter...
December 7, 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191105/curcumin-and-its-derivatives-inhibit-2-3-7-8-tetrachloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin-induced-expression-of-drug-metabolizing-enzymes-through-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-mediated-pathway
#3
Rika Nakai, Shun Fukuda, Masaya Kawase, Yoko Yamashita, Hitoshi Ashida
Certain dioxins, including 2,3,7,8,-tetrachloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), are exogenous ligands for an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and induces various drug-metabolizing enzymes. In this study, we examined the effect of curcumin on expression of drug-metabolizing enzymes through the AhR and NF-E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathways. Curcumin dose-dependently inhibited TCDD-induced expression of phase I enzyme cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and phase II enzymes NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO1) and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) but not tert-butyl hydroquinone-induced NQO1 and HO-1, suggesting that curcumin inhibited only AhR pathway, but not Nrf2 one directly...
December 1, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184765/the-novel-targets-of-dl-3-n-butylphthalide-predicted-by-similarity-ensemble-approach-in-combination-with-molecular-docking-study
#4
Yan Wang, Wei Qi, Li Zhang, Zhenguang Ying, Ou Sha, Chunman Li, Lanhai Lü, Xiangyan Chen, Zhenzhong Li, Feng Niu, Fang Xue, Dong Wang, Tzi-Bun Ng, Lihong Zhang
Background: DL-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) is a drug for treating acute ischemic stroke, and may play a neuroprotective role by acting on multiple active targets. The aim of this study was to predict the target proteins of NBP in mammalian cells. Methods: The similarity ensemble approach search tool (SEArch), one of the commonly used public bioinformatics tools for target prediction, was employed in the experiment. The molecular docking of NBP to target proteins was performed by using the three-dimensional (3-D) crystal structure, substrate free...
October 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180269/dysregulation-of-antioxidant-responses-in-patients-diagnosed-with-concomitant-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
Colin T Shearn, David J Orlicky, Dennis R Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease that is characterized by severe peri-biliary tract inflammation and fibrosis, elevated oxidative stress and hepatocellular injury. A hallmark of PSC patients is the concurrent diagnosis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease occurring in approximately 70%-80% of PSC patients (PSC/IBD). The objective of this study was to determine the impact of end stage PSC/IBD on cellular antioxidant responses and the formation of protein carbonylation...
November 24, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176993/an-excess-dietary-vitamin-e-concentration-does-not-influence-nrf2-signaling-in-the-liver-of-rats-fed-either-soybean-oil-or-salmon-oil
#6
Klaus Eder, Marina Siebers, Erika Most, Susan Scheibe, Norbert Weissmann, Denise K Gessner
Background: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are known to stimulate the activation of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2), the key regulator of the antioxidant and cytoprotective defense system in the body. The hypothesis underlying this study was that high dietary concentrations of vitamin E suppress Nrf2 activation, and thus could weaken the body's antioxidative and cytoprotective capacity. As the effect of vitamin E on Nrf2 pathway might be influenced by concentrations of fatty acids susceptible to oxidation in the diet, we used also diets containing either soybean oil as a reference oil or salmon oil as a source of oil rich in n-3 polyunsatuated fatty acids...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160590/corrigendum-expression-of-nad-p-h-quinone-dehydrogenase-1-nqo1-is-increased-in-the-endometrium-of-women-with-endometrial-cancer-and-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#7
William Atiomo, Mohamad Nasir Shafiee, Caroline Chapman, Veronika M Metzler, Jad Abouzeid, Ayşe Latif, Amy Chadwick, Sarah Kitson, Vanitha N Sivalingam, Ian J Stratford, Catrin S Rutland, Jenny L Persson, Niels Ødum, Pablo Fuentes-Utrilla, Jennie N Jeyapalan, David M Heery, Emma J Crosbie, Nigel P Mongan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153688/genetic-association-of-the-nqo1-rs1800566-609c-t-variant-with-risk-of-preeclampsia-in-the-chinese-han-population
#8
Liping Zhao, Jingjing Liu, Ping Tan, Wenke Zhang, Qun Gao, Xueying Li, Yan Lin, Qian Dong, Haiyan Wang, Shiguo Liu
AIMS: The NQO1 gene, located on chromosome 16q22, encodes NAD(P)H dehydrogenase 1, an enzyme that can reduce the production of reactive oxygen species and thereby protect cells from oxidative damage. A functional variant of NQO1, rs1800566 (c.C609T/p.Pro187Ser), has significantly less enzymatic activity. Oxidative imbalance plays an important role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia (PE). The purpose of our study is to investigate whether the NQO1 variant is associated with susceptibility to PE in Chinese women...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144506/soluble-p-selectin-promotes-retinal-ganglion-cell-survival-through-activation-of-nrf2-signaling-after-ischemia-injury
#9
Kishan Kapupara, Yao-Tseng Wen, Rong-Kung Tsai, Shun-Ping Huang
Retinal ischemic injuries play an important role in the pathogenesis of several eye disorders. Inflammation and oxidative stress are key players in ischemic injuries. Following retinal ischemia, vascular endothelial cells and leukocytes express several inflammatory adhesion receptors, such as selectins and cell adhesion molecules. P-selectin stimulates leukocyte recruitment to platelet aggregates and has an important role in vascular homeostasis and inflammatory leukocyte extravasation. Soluble P-selectin can be neuroprotective through competitive binding to the receptors of endogenous P-selectin molecules...
November 16, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143802/the-inhibitory-effects-of-cobalt-protoporphyrin-ix-and-cannabinoid-2-receptor-agonists-in-type-2-diabetic-mice
#10
Christina McDonnell, Sergi Leánez, Olga Pol
The activation of the transcription factor Nrf2 inhibits neuropathy and modulates the activity of delta-opioid receptors (DOR) in type 2 diabetic mice but the impact of Nrf2/HO-1 pathway on the antinociceptive actions of cannabinoid 2 receptors (CB2R) has not been assessed. Using male mice BKS.Cg-m+/+Leprdb/J (db/db) we investigated if treatment with cobalt protoporphyrin IX (CoPP), an HO-1 inductor, inhibited mechanical allodynia, hyperglycemia and obesity associated to type 2 diabetes. The antinociceptive effects of JWH-015 and JWH-133 (CB2R agonists) administered with and without CoPP or sulforaphane (SFN), a Nrf2 transcription factor activator, have been also evaluated...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136249/natural-polyphenol-chlorogenic-acid-protects-against-acetaminophen-induced-hepatotoxicity-by-activating-erk-nrf2-antioxidative-pathway
#11
Mengjuan Wei, Zhiyong Zheng, Liang Shi, Yao Jin, Lili Ji
Hepatotoxicity due to acetaminophen (APAP) overdose is a leading cause of drug-induced acute liver failure in clinic. Chlorogenic acid (CGA), a dietary polyphenol, was reported to prevent APAP-induced liver injury in our previous studies. This study aims to investigate the protection provided by CGA against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity via focusing on nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK)1/2. CGA prevented APAP-induced oxidative liver injury and enhanced Nrf2 activation in mice and in hepatocytes in vitro...
November 10, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110315/nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1-silencing-aggravates-hormone-induced-prostatic-hyperplasia-in-mice
#12
H-T Kim, Y-J Kim, S-R Park, S-Y Ryu, J-Y Jung
NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) is a highly inducible flavoprotein known to involve in various cellular defence mechanisms. In this study, we explored whether NQO1 deletion affects hormone-induced prostatic hyperplasia. Testosterone propionate (3 mg/kg, IP) was injected into wild-type (WT) and NOQ1 knockout C57BL/6 mice (NQO1(-/-) ) for 14 consecutive days, and the samples were collected for biological and histochemical studies. The testosterone-treated NQO1(-/-) showed about 140% higher prostate weight than the testosterone-treated WT, with enhanced connective tissue and hyperplastic glands formations...
November 6, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108775/facilitation-of-9-10-phenanthrenequinone-elicited-neuroblastoma-cell-apoptosis-by-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1
#13
Toshiyuki Matsunaga, Kyoko Kamase, Hiroaki Takasawa, Yukiko Yamaji, Satoshi Endo, Ossama El-Kabbani, Akira Ikari
9,10-Phenanthrenequinone (PQ), a major quinone component in diesel exhaust particles, is considered to provoke damage of respiratory and vascular cells through highly producing reactive oxygen species (ROS), but little is known about its pathophysiological role in neuronal cell damage. In this study, we found that incubation with 1,2-naphthoquinone, 1,4-naphthoquinone and PQ, major quinone components in diesel exhausts, provokes apoptosis of human neuroblastoma cell lines. SK-N-SH cell treatment with a lethal concentration of PQ facilitated ROS production within 6 h...
November 10, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100982/thermodynamics-of-cooperative-binding-of-fad-to-human-nqo1-implications-to-understanding-cofactor-dependent-function-and-stability-of-the-flavoproteome
#14
Rafael Clavería-Gimeno, Adrian Velazquez-Campoy, Angel Luis Pey
The stability of human flavoproteins strongly depends on flavin levels, although the structural and energetic basis of this relationship is poorly understood. Here, we report an in-depth analysis on the thermodynamics of FAD binding to one of the most representative examples of such relationship, NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). NQO1 is a dimeric enzyme that tightly binds FAD, which triggers large structural changes upon binding. A common cancer-associated polymorphism (P187S) severely compromises FAD binding...
October 31, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066863/pharmacokinetic-and-safety-evaluation-of-mb12066-an-nqo1-substrate
#15
Hae Won Lee, Sook Jin Seong, Boram Ohk, Woo Youl Kang, Mi-Ri Gwon, Bo Kyung Kim, Hyun-Ju Kim, Young-Ran Yoon
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the pharmacokinetics (PKs) and safety of a newly developed β-lapachone (MB12066) tablet, a natural NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) substrate, in healthy male volunteers. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, multiple-dose, two-treatment study, 100 mg MB12066 or placebo was given twice daily for 8 days to groups of eight or three fasted healthy male subjects, respectively, followed by serial blood sampling. Plasma concentrations for β-lapachone were determined using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054567/hydrogen-sulfide-specifically-alters-nad-p-h-quinone-dehydrogenase-1-nqo1-olfactory-neurons-in-the-rat
#16
Fumiaki Imamura, Timothy K Cooper, Sanae Hasegawa-Ishii, Takashi Sonobe, Philippe Haouzi
The regions of the olfactory epithelium affected by hydrogen sulfide (H2S) toxicity in the rat present a striking similarity with the developmental olfactory zone 1 described in the mouse. This zone which is the only region containing neurons expressing NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1) is involved in complex behavioral responses in rodents, and other mammals, triggered by specific olfactory stimuli. We therefore sought to determine whether (1) olfactory neurons expressing NQO1 are located in the same regions in the rats and in the mice and (2) there is an overlap between olfactory neurons expressing this protein and those affected by the toxicity of H2S...
December 16, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053632/protective-effect-of-flavonoids-from-ziziphus-jujuba-cv-jinsixiaozao-against-acetaminophen-induced-liver-injury-by-inhibiting-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-mice
#17
Weizhen Huang, Yongjie Wang, Xiaoyan Jiang, Yueyue Sun, Zhongxi Zhao, Siying Li
This study was aimed to investigate the chemical composition, antioxidant activities and hepatoprotective effect of flavonoids from Ziziphus jujuba cv. Jinsixiaozao (ZJF). The composition of ZJF was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), and antioxidant properties were investigated by biological assays in vitro. The hepatoprotective activity of ZJF was evaluated in acetaminophen (APAP)-treated BALB/c mice. Results indicate that ZJF displayed significant antioxidant capacity...
October 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018782/comparison-of-blueberry-vaccinium-spp-and-vitamin-c-via-antioxidative-and-epigenetic-effects-in-human
#18
Minju Kim, Hyunkyung Na, Hiroshi Kasai, Kazuaki Kawai, Yun-Shan Li, Mihi Yang
BACKGROUND: Chemopreventive effects and the underlying mechanisms of blueberry (Vaccinium spp.) are not clearly understood in human. We hypothesized blueberry would work via antioxidative and epigenetic modulation, which is similar to vitamin C. METHODS: We performed a pilot and non-inferiority study in healthy young women (n = 12), who consumed vitamin C (1 g/d) or 240 mL of blueberry juice (total polyphenols 300 mg and proanthocyanidin 76 mg/d) for 2 weeks. We analyzed 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in their urine, and global and specific DNA methylation at the NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), or DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) genes in their blood...
September 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017857/administration-of-5-methoxyindole-2-carboxylic-acid-that-potentially-targets-mitochondrial-dihydrolipoamide-dehydrogenase-confers-cerebral-preconditioning-against-ischemic-stroke-injury
#19
Jinzi Wu, Rongrong Li, Wenjun Li, Ming Ren, Nopporn Thangthaeng, Nathalie Sumien, Ran Liu, Shaohua Yang, James W Simpkins, Michael J Forster, Liang-Jun Yan
The objective of this study was to investigate a possible role of mitochondrial dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (DLDH) as a chemical preconditioning target for neuroprotection against ischemic injury. We used 5-methoxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (MICA), a reportedly reversible DLDH inhibitor, as the preconditioning agent and administered MICA to rats mainly via dietary intake. Upon completion of 4 week's MICA treatment, rats underwent 1h transient ischemia and 24h reperfusion followed by tissue collection. Our results show that MICA protected the brain against ischemic stroke injury as the infarction volume of the brain from the MICA-treated group was significantly smaller than that from the control group...
December 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982598/methyleugenol-protects-against-t-bhp-triggered-oxidative-injury-by-induction-of-nrf2-dependent-on-ampk-gsk3%C3%AE-and-erk-activation
#20
Junfeng Zhou, Xiaoyuan Ma, Yan Cui, Yang Song, Lei Yao, Yuanyuan Liu, Shanshan Li
Methyleugenol (Mlg), a natural ingredient of many herbs and used as a flavoring substance in dietary products, inhibits inflammation and oxidative stress. The aim of the study is to explore the antioxidative potential of Mlg against tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-triggered oxidative injury and the involvement of antioxidative mechanisms. Our findings indicated that Mlg exposure significantly alleviated t-BHP-stimulated cytotoxicity, suppressed reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) levels, which were related to the induction of the glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic/modifier (GCLC/GCLM) subunit, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and NAD (P) H: quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) largely dependent upon upregulating the nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) induction, inhibiting the Keap1 protein expression, and heightening the antioxidant response element (ARE) activity...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
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