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melaleuca alternifolia, randomized

Márcia Ebling de Souza, Dariane Jornada Clerici, Camila Marina Verdi, Gabriela Fleck, Priscilla Maciel Quatrin, Luana Ebling Spat, Pauline Cordenonsi Bonez, Camilla Fillippi Dos Santos, Raquel Pippi Antoniazzi, Fabrício Batistin Zanatta, André Gundel, Diego Stefani Teodoro Martinez, Rodrigo de Almeida Vaucher, Roberto Christ Vianna Santos
Microbial biofilms represent a challenge in the treatment of infections, due to the low efficacy of the antimicrobials. This study evaluated the antimicrobial effect of nanoparticles of Melaleuca alternifolia (TTO) in dental biofilm. Thirty-eight volunteers used an oral device in situ in situ including four bovine enamel specimens for 07 days. From the fifth day four solutions were applied randomly for each specimen: Physiological Saline Solution (0.85% NaCl) (C+), Chlorhexidine 0.12% (CHX), M. alternifolia oil 0...
December 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
Enas Ahmed Elgendy, Shereen Abdel-Moula Ali, Doaa Hussien Zineldeen
BACKGROUND: Conventional non-surgical periodontal therapy has been proven to be an effective treatment for patients with chronic periodontitis. Tea tree oil (TTO) can be used as adjunct to conventional periodontal therapy in patient with chronic periodontitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of adjunctive treatment of TTO on the clinical parameters and the level of pentraxin-3 (PTX3) in chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis were divided into two groups, Group I received scaling and root planing (SRP) only, Group II received SRP and TTO gel...
July 2013: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
F C Beikert, B S Schönfeld, U Frank, M Augustin
BACKGROUND: Phytotherapeutics are widely used in medicine. The aim of this study was the evaluation of the antiinflammatory potential of seven medical plant extracts using the ultraviolet- (UV)-erythema test. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Randomized, placebo-controlled study on 40 healthy subjects. Test areas on the upper back were irradiated with the 1.5 fold UV-B minimal erythema dose (MED). Formulations of Aloe vera, Chamomilla recutita, Hamamelis virginiana, Melissa officinalis, Mentha arvensis, Melaleuca alternifolia, Coriandrum sativum as well as 1% hydrocortisone acetate and 0...
January 2013: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
P Varela-Centelles, R Pedrosa, J Lopez-Niño, M Sánchez, A Gonzalez-Mosquera, A Mendez, J Seoane
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether chemist's and herbalist's shops were offering appropriate advice for patients seeking guidance on a potentially malignant oral lesion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken using the standardised patient approach on a representative sample of chemist's and herbalists' shops in Galicia (Spain). The introductory statement was "I have a painful ulceration on the tongue for about a month now. What would you advise?" The study sample was selected by stratified random sampling for a 5% precision, and contacted by telephone...
December 2012: Oral Oncology
F Pisseri, A Bertoli, S Nardoni, L Pinto, L Pistelli, G Guidi, F Mancianti
Dermatophytes are a group of keratinophilic and keratinolytic molds, some of which are responsible for ringworm. Among them Trichophyton equinum, which mostly infects equids, can cause extensive outbreaks in stud farms. The conventional treatment of equine trichophytosis is topic, based upon medicated shampoos to reduce the spread of infection among the animals. Nevertheless the popularity of phytotherapy is at an all-time peak, and the interest for natural alternatives or complements to conventional drug therapy is challenging both in human and veterinary field...
November 2009: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Christine F Carson, David W Smith, Gail J Lampacher, Thomas V Riley
Double-blinding is an important and widely implemented feature of clinical trials although its success is rarely assessed. In a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of tea tree oil, an aromatic essential oil, for the treatment of recurrent herpes labialis (RHL), or cold sores, deception was used to prevent volunteers from identifying their treatment allocation. Volunteers received placebo (n=102) or tea tree oil (n=112) ointment in preparation for their next episode of RHL and were told, falsely, that the aroma of the ointments had been changed to prevent identification of the treatment group...
January 2008: Contemporary Clinical Trials
M S Sadr Lahijani, H R Raoof Kateb, R Heady, D Yazdani
AIM: To compare the cleaning effectiveness of chamomile hydroalcoholic extract and tea tree oil to 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution as an intracanal irrigant for the removal of the smear layer. METHODOLOGY: Forty extracted, single-rooted, mature, permanent, human teeth were allocated at random into one of three experimental groups of ten teeth and two control groups of five teeth. For each tooth, the pulp chamber was accessed and the canal prepared using K-type files and Gates-Glidden burs, using a step-back technique; the apical stop was prepared to a size 30...
March 2006: International Endodontic Journal
C F Carson, K A Hammer, T V Riley
Complementary and alternative medicines such as tea tree (melaleuca) oil have become increasingly popular in recent decades. This essential oil has been used for almost 100 years in Australia but is now available worldwide both as neat oil and as an active component in an array of products. The primary uses of tea tree oil have historically capitalized on the antiseptic and anti-inflammatory actions of the oil. This review summarizes recent developments in our understanding of the antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities of the oil and its components, as well as clinical efficacy...
January 2006: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
Jeffrey D Lauten, Linda Boyd, M Blair Hanson, Dana Lillie, Christina Gullion, Theresa E Madden
A novel mouthrinse (IND 61,164) containing essential oils and extracts from four plant species (Melaleuca alternifolia, Leptospermum scoparium, Calendula officinalis and Camellia sinensis) were tested. This study aimed to evaluate the safety, palatability and preliminary efficacy of the rinse. Fifteen subjects completed the Phase I safety study. Seventeen subjects completed the Phase II randomized placebo-controlled study. Plaque was collected, gingival and plaque indices were recorded (baseline, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks)...
November 2005: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
A Iori, D Grazioli, E Gentile, G Marano, G Salvatore
The aim of the study was to examine the acaricidal effect of essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree oil, TTO) at different doses (4, 6, 8 and 10 microl) and for different exposure times (30, 60, 90 and 120 min) on nymphs of Ixodes ricinus. A dose of 8 microl TTO was lethal for more than 70% of ticks when inhaled and this effect was enhanced when the dose was increased to 10 microl (> 80%). The effect was correlated with the duration of exposure of ticks to TTO, with a significant effect being observed after 90 min exposure...
April 20, 2005: Veterinary Parasitology
F C Groppo, J C Ramacciato, R P Simões, F M Flório, A Sartoratto
OBJECTIVE: To compare the antimicrobial activity of tea tree oil, garlic, and chlorhexidine solutions against oral microorganisms. METHOD: The five-week study consisted of thirty subjects. The first week was considered baseline. All subjects used a control solution (second week), and were randomly divided into the three groups (third week): G1-0.12% chlorhexidine; G2 - 2.5% garlic (Allium sativum, L.); and G3 - 0.2% tea tree oil (Melaleuca alternifolia). Dishes containing blood agar and Mitis Salivarius Bacitracin agar (MSB) were inoculated with the subjects' saliva (collected twice a week)...
December 2002: International Dental Journal
T A Syed, Z A Qureshi, S M Ali, S Ahmad, S A Ahmad
The prevalence of onychomycosis, a superficial fungal infection that destroys the entire nail unit, is rising, with no satisfactory cure. The objective of this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to examine the clinical efficacy and tolerability of 2% butenafine hydrochloride and 5% Melaleuca alternifolia oil incorporated in a cream to manage toenail onychomycosis in a cohort. Sixty outpatients (39 M, 21 F) aged 18-80 years (mean 29.6) with 6-36 months duration of disease were randomized to two groups (40 and 20), active and placebo...
April 1999: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
D S Buck, D M Nidorf, J G Addino
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of onychomycosis, the most frequent cause of nail disease, ranges from 2% to 13%. Standard treatments include debridement, topical medications, and systemic therapies. This study assesses the efficacy and tolerability of topical application of 1% clotrimazole solution compared with that of 100% Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil for the treatment of toenail onychomycosis. METHODS: A double-blind, multicenter, randomized controlled trial was performed at two primary care health and residency training centers and one private podiatrist's office...
June 1994: Journal of Family Practice
M M Tong, P M Altman, R S Barnetson
Tea tree oil (an essential oil derived primarily from the Australian native Melaleuca alternifolia) has been used as a topical antiseptic agent since the early part of this century for a wide variety of skin infections; however, to date, the evidence for its efficacy in fungal infections is still largely anecdotal. One hundred and four patients completed a randomized, double-blind trial to evaluate the efficacy of 10% w/w tea tree oil cream compared with 1% tolnaftate and placebo creams in the treatment of tinea pedis...
1992: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
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