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Academic global surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918958/the-association-for-academic-surgery-2011-present-standing-on-the-shoulders-of-giants
#1
Allison L Speer, Lillian S Kao
The Association for Academic Surgery (AAS), which is a society dedicated to inspiring and developing young academic surgeons, recently celebrated its 50th anniversary. Each decade since its inception has seen incredible growth. This most recent decade, from 2011 to present, has been characterized by: (1) reevaluation and clarification of the society's vision, mission, core values and organizational structure; (2) diversification of the membership and leadership; (3) support for international outreach and global surgery research; (4) expansion of its impact through social media; and (5) adaptability to a changing political climate...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888419/clinical-skills-and-professionalism-assessing-orthopaedic-residents-with-unannounced-standardized-patients
#2
David P Taormina, Joseph D Zuckerman, Raj Karia, Sondra Zabar, Kenneth A Egol, Donna P Phillips
OBJECTIVE: We developed a series of orthopedic unannounced standardized patient (USP) encounters for the purpose of objective assessment of residents during clinic encounters. DESIGN: Consecutive case-series. SETTING: NYU-Langone Multi-center Academic University Hospital System. PARTICIPANTS: NYU-Langone/Hospital for Joint Diseases Orthopedic Surgery residents; 48 consecutive residents assessed. METHODS: Four orthopedic cases were developed...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876620/factors-influencing-medical-students-in-pursuing-a-career-in-surgery-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
A J Scott, D Kahn
BACKGROUND: Many factors play a role in the decision of a medical student to pursue a career in surgery. With a decline in numbers of applications into surgical programmes seen globally, the aim of this study was to determine the factors that influence medical students in pursuing a career in surgery. METHOD: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was distributed online to all medical students studying at a tertiary, academic institution. Survey items obtained data on demographics, surgical interest and training, as well as factors affecting a surgical career...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867584/coalition-for-global-clinical-surgical-education-the-alliance-for-global-clinical-training
#4
Jahanara Graf, Mackenzie Cook, Samuel Schecter, Karen Deveney, Paul Hofmann, Douglas Grey, Larry Akoko, Ali Mwanga, Kitembo Salum, William Schecter
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the effect of the collaborative relationship between the high-income country (HIC) surgical educators of the Alliance for Global Clinical Training (Alliance) and the low-income country surgical educators at the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences/Muhimbili National Hospital (MUHAS/MNH), Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, on the clinical global surgery training of the HIC surgical residents participating in the program. DESIGN: A retrospective qualitative analysis of Alliance volunteer HIC faculty and residents' reports, volunteer case lists and the reports of Alliance academic contributions to MUHAS/MNH from 2012 to 2017...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862111/how-can-we-improve-education-of-breast-surgeons-across-europe
#5
Agnieszka Kolacinska
The proposed global curriculum developed by the American Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) and the European Society of Surgical Oncology (ESSO) and the textbook: provides a state-of- the- art of breast cancer surgery, complements the syllabus and curriculum of the Union Europeenne des Medecins Specialistes (UEMS) examination in breast surgery/ European Board of Surgery Qualification in Breast Surgery (EBSQinBS) administered by ESSO (1) Knowledge and understanding of the principles of breast cancer incidence, aetiology, risk factors, genetics, premalignant and high-risk lesions, pathology, prognostic and predictive factors, risk prediction models, screening, diagnosis and imaging, breast cancer, oncoplastic, reconstructive breast surgery, axillary surgery and future perspective for this, radiation therapy, neoadjuvant and adjuvant systemic treatment- endocrine-, immuno- and chemotherapy, side effects and toxicities of treatment, locoregional recurrence, follow-up, locally advanced breast cancer, metastatic breast cancer, breast cancer in young and elderly patients, survivor issues, lymphedema, palliative care, chroni pain, body image and sexuality, fertility issues, cognitive functions, etc...
July 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767491/medical-student-perceptions-of-global-surgery-at-an-academic-institution-identifying-gaps-in-global-health-education
#6
Ambar Mehta, Tim Xu, Matthew Murray, Kathleen M Casey
PURPOSE: Robust global health demands access to safe, affordable, timely surgical care for all. The long-term success of global surgery requires medical students to understand and engage with this emerging field. The authors characterized medical students' perceptions of surgical care relative to other fields within global health. METHOD: An optional, anonymous survey was given to all Johns Hopkins medical students from February to March 2016 to assess perceptions of surgical care and its role in global health...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729188/assessing-interest-and-barriers-for-resident-and-faculty-involvement-in-global-surgery
#7
Maija Cheung, James M Healy, Michael R Hall, Doruk Ozgediz
BACKGROUND: Multiple institutions have developed international electives and sustainable global surgery initiatives to facilitate clinical, research, and outreach opportunities with hospitals in resource-poor areas. Despite increasing interest among programs, many institutions have not successfully reached potential involvement. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the experiences of Yale residents and faculty, measures interest in the development of an international surgical elective, and enumerates barriers to developing or participating in these opportunities...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713803/the-institute-for-global-orthopedics-and-traumatology-a-model-for-academic-collaboration-in-orthopedic-surgery
#8
Devin James Conway, Richard Coughlin, Amber Caldwell, David Shearer
In 2006, surgeons at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) established the Institute for Global Orthopedics and Traumatology (IGOT), an initiative within the department of orthopedic surgery. The principal aim of IGOT is to create long-term, sustainable solutions to the growing burden of musculoskeletal injury in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) through academic partnership. IGOT currently has relationships with teaching hospitals in Ghana, Malawi, Tanzania, Nicaragua, and Nepal. The organizational structure of IGOT is built on four pillars: Global Surgical Education (GSE), Global Knowledge Exchange (GKE), Global Research Initiative (GRI), and Global Leadership and Advocacy...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712348/an-exploratory-study-of-fatigue-and-physical-activity-in-canadian-thyroid-cancer-patients
#9
Ahmad Alhashemi, Jennifer M Jones, David P Goldstein, Daniel Santa Mina, Lehana Thabane, Catherine M Sabiston, Eugene K Chang, James D Brierley, Anna M Sawka
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is common among cancer survivors, but fatigue in thyroid cancer (TC) survivors may be under-appreciated. This study investigated the severity and prevalence of moderate and severe fatigue in TC survivors. Potential predictive factors, including physical activity, were explored. METHODS: A cross-sectional, written, self-administered TC patient survey and retrospective chart review were performed in an outpatient academic Endocrinology clinic in Toronto, Canada...
September 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698269/urinary-matrix-metalloproteinase-7-predicts-severe-aki-and-poor-outcomes-after-cardiac-surgery
#10
Xiaobing Yang, Chunbo Chen, Siyuan Teng, Xiaorui Fu, Yan Zha, Huafeng Liu, Li Wang, Jianwei Tian, Xiangyan Zhang, Youhua Liu, Jing Nie, Fan Fan Hou
Urinary matrix metalloproteinase-7 (uMMP-7) levels consistently reflect the activity of intrarenal Wnt/β-catenin, which is activated in AKI models. To test the hypothesis that uMMP-7 is a predictor for severe AKI in patients after cardiac surgery, we performed a prospective, multicenter, two-stage cohort study in 721 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. In stage 1, we enrolled 323 children from three academic medical centers. In stage 2, we enrolled 398 adults at six centers. We analyzed levels of uMMP-7 and other injury biomarkers during the perioperative period...
July 11, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626489/conference-report-on-the-indo-global-summit-on-head-and-neck-oncology-igshno-2017-bmcon-iv-24-26-february-2017-jaipur-india
#11
Tej Prakash Soni, Anil K Gupta, Lalit M Sharma, Pawan Singhal, Dinesh Yadav, Umesh Bansal
'The multidisciplinary approach: expanding treatment horizons for head and neck cancer' was the major theme of the Indo Global Summit on Head and Neck Oncology (IGSHNO 2017-BMCON-IV). The meeting, held in Jaipur (Rajasthan, India) from 24 to 26 February 2017, assembled 600 participants from India and worldwide. It was organised by the Bhagwan Mahaveer Cancer Hospital and Research Centre (BMCHRC), Jaipur. BMCHRC Jaipur is one of the largest superspeciality oncology research and treatment centres in north India...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619774/protocol-for-a-multicentre-multistage-prospective-study-in-china-using-system-based-approaches-for-consistent-improvement-in-surgical-safety
#12
Xiaochu Yu, Jingmei Jiang, Changwei Liu, Keng Shen, Zixing Wang, Wei Han, Xingrong Liu, Guole Lin, Ye Zhang, Ying Zhang, Yufen Ma, Haixin Bo, Yupei Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Surgical safety has emerged as a crucial global health issue in the past two decades. Although several safety-enhancing tools are available, the pace of large-scale improvement remains slow, especially in developing countries such as China. The present project (Modern Surgery and Anesthesia Safety Management System Construction and Promotion) aims to develop and validate system-based integrated approaches for reducing perioperative deaths and complications using a multicentre, multistage design...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608012/the-advent-of-ultra-high-volume-thoracic-surgical-centers-in-shanghai
#13
Alan D L Sihoe, Baohui Han, Timothy Y Yang, Changqing Pan, Gening Jiang, Vincent W T Fang
BACKGROUND: A core principle in surgery is that high surgical volumes are conducive toward better outcomes. Ultra-high volume centers (UHVCs) have now emerged in thoracic surgery in China that now perform a volume of thoracic operations far greater than even traditional international centers of excellence. METHODS: In 2016, two hospitals in Shanghai performed over 10,000 major pulmonary, esophageal and mediastinal resections each. A qualitative analysis of the lessons learned in achieving such large operation volumes was undertaken...
June 12, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476420/cognitive-outcomes-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adults-two-decades-after-the-arterial-switch-operation-for-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#14
David Kalfa, Leïla Kasmi, Nikoletta Geronikola, Johanna Calderon, Virginie Lambert, Emre Belli, Damien Bonnet, Michèle Montreuil
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to evaluate the cognitive and psychosocial outcomes of young adults who underwent an arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries. METHODS: Sixty-seven adults with transposition of the great arteries (aged 22.9 ± 3.3 years) and 43 healthy subjects matched in age, gender, and educational level participated. Global cognitive functioning, psychologic state, and health-related quality of life were evaluated using validated tools...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427944/creating-a-global-acute-care-surgery-fellowship-to-meet-international-need
#15
Amina I Merchant, Camila B Walters, Julie Valenzuela, Kelly A McQueen, Addison K May
INTRODUCTION: Existing Acute Care Surgery (ACS) fellowships are positioned to develop well-trained surgeons with specific skills to facilitate improvements in care delivery in Global ACS. Many resident and fellowship programs offer clinical electives that expose trainees to operative experiences, exposing trainees to the needs in resource-challenged settings. However, most lack a focus on long-term development and research designed to enhance the country's local skills, capability, and capacity...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376904/academic-research-productivity-of-post-graduate-students-at-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences-uganda-from-1996-to-2010-a-retrospective-review
#16
E A Obuku, J N Lavis, A Kinengyere, D K Mafigiri, F Sengooba, C Karamagi, N K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Research is a core business of universities globally, and is crucial in the scientific process as a precursor for knowledge uptake and use. We aimed to assess the academic productivity of post-graduate students in a university located in a low-income country. METHODS: This is an observational retrospective documentary analysis using hand searching archives, Google Scholar and PubMed electronic databases. The setting is Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Uganda...
April 4, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346251/histological-mohs-maps-improve-the-accuracy-of-dermatology-residents-interpretations-of-mohs-slides-a-pilot-study
#17
Jeffrey B Tiger, Zai Ganesh, John Mouzakis, Satori Iwamoto
BACKGROUND: Effective Mohs surgery depends on accurate histopathological identification and mapping of tumor burden to ensure complete removal of tumor. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether using a photograph of the histopathological slide as the Mohs map improves mapping accuracy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-blinded pilot study. Five dermatology residents at one academic institution mapped 11 cases of basal cell carcinoma using both traditional hand-drawn maps and color photographic maps...
August 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316989/quality-of-spine-surgery-research-from-the-arab-countries-a-systematic-review-and-bibliometric-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Saleh S Baeesa, Yazid Maghrabi, Abdul Karim Msaddi, Richard Assaker
Purpose. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the level of evidence (LOE) of spine surgery publications in the Arab countries and compare it with standard international literature in spine surgery and to determine the stand of the Arab nations academic production with that of the global one. Methods. An online search using "PubMed" and "Google Scholar" was carried out, using search terms related to spine surgery such as "Spine surgery," "Scoliosis," "Herniated disc." Each article was reviewed and graded by two reviewers using Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (OCEBM) Levels of Evidence scale...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251600/surgery-and-trauma-care-providers-perception-of-the-impact-of-dual-practice-employment-on-quality-of-care-provided-in-an-andean-country
#19
L N LaGrone, L N Isquith-Dicker, E Huaman Egoavil, J J Herrera-Matta, A K Fuhs, D Ortega Checa, F Revoredo, M J A Rodriguez Castro, C N Mock
BACKGROUND: Dual-practice, simultaneous employment by healthcare workers in the public and private sectors is pervasive worldwide. Although an estimated 30 per cent of the global burden of disease is surgical, the implications of dual practice on surgical care are not well understood. METHODS: Anonymous in-depth individual interviews on trauma quality improvement practices were conducted with healthcare providers who participate in the care of the injured at ten large hospitals in Peru's capital city, Lima...
May 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087136/global-general-pediatric-surgery-partnership-the-ucla-mozambique-experience
#20
Vanda Amado, Deborah B Martins, Abraar Karan, Brittni Johnson, Shant Shekherdimian, Lee T Miller, Atanasio Taela, Daniel A DeUgarte
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: There has been increasing recognition of the disparities in surgical care throughout the world. Increasingly, efforts are being made to improve local infrastructure and training of surgeons in low-income settings. The purpose of this study was to review the first 5-years of a global academic pediatric general surgery partnership between UCLA and the Eduardo Mondlane University in Maputo, Mozambique. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach was utilized to perform an ongoing needs assessment...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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