keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Emphysema

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914124/atypical-neonatal-marfan-syndrome-with-p-glu1073lys-mutation-of-fbn1-the-first-case-in-korea
#1
Ju Sun Heo, Joo Young Song, Eun Young Choi, Eun Hee Kim, Ji Hee Kim, So Eun Park, Ji Hyun Jeon
Neonatal Marfan syndrome (nMFS) is considered to be on the most severe end of the spectrum of type I fibrillinopathies. The common features of nMFS include ascending aortic dilatation, severe mitral and/or tricuspid valve insufficiency, ectopia lentis, arachnodactyly, joint contractures, crumpled ear, loose skin, and pulmonary emphysema.We describe a newborn male diagnosed with nMFS. He presented several atypical features, such as diaphragmatic eventration, severe hydronephrosis with hydroureter, and dilated cisterna magna...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913383/traumatic-haemopneumothorax-and-whole-body-subcutaneous-emphysema-successful-use-of-a-small-bore-chest-drain
#2
Benjamin Hardy, Nicholas Sunderland, Mevan Perera, Kathryn Channing
A 56-year-old man presented having had two falls at home. He had a background of multiple sclerosis. After his second fall, during which he had fallen onto the toilet injuring his right chest, he was brought into the emergency department reporting pleuritic chest discomfort. Immediately evident was extensive swelling from his forehead to his thighs, which on palpation was found to be subcutaneous emphysema. A chest X-ray showed a large right-sided pneumothorax for which a chest drain was inserted. A CT revealed extensive surgical emphysema, pneumomediastinum, pneumoperitoneum and gas within the spinal canal...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909277/-complete-transection-of-the-cervical-trachea-caused-by-chest-blunt-trauma
#3
Masahiro Yamada, Masami Abiko
A 52-year-old man was injured when driving through the gate by a motorcycle without noticing the rope between the gateposts. He developed hoarseness, subcutaneous emphysema and dyspnea, and was transferred to our hospital by an ambulance. Chest X-ray and computed tomography showed subcutaneous and mediastinal emphysema, and complete transection of the cervical trachea. Since respiratory distress progressed rapidly, we performed tracheostomy in the intensive care unit, and the patient was carried to the operating room...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906036/complicated-acute-appendicitis-presenting-as-a-rapidly-progressive-soft-tissue-infection-of-the-abdominal-wall-a-case-report
#4
Corinne Beerle, Hans Gelpke, Stefan Breitenstein, Ralph F Staerkle
BACKGROUND: We report a case of a rare complication of acute appendicitis with perforation through the abdominal wall. The case points out that an intraabdominal origin should be considered in patients presenting with rapidly spreading soft tissue infections of the trunk. CASE PRESENTATION: A 58-year-old European woman presented to our hospital with a 1-week history of severe abdominal pain accompanied by rapidly spreading erythema and emphysema of the lower abdomen...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905366/-experience-of-transaxillary-endoscopic-thyroid-surgery
#5
V K Lyadov, M V Neklyudova, D R Pashaeva
AIM: To compare the outcomes after open and endoscopic interventions on thyroid gland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have retrospectively analyzed 158 interventions on thyroid gland for the period March 2014 - January 2016. Herewith, 21 interventions were performed endoscopically with transaxillary removal of specimen. RESULTS: The study was designed in 2 groups - main (endoscopic surgery) and control (open surgery). There were 2 complications in the main group: intraoperative injury of cricoid cartilage by harmonic scalpel and unilateral subcutaneous emphysema of the neck and face...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902753/emphysema-distribution-and-diffusion-capacity-predict-emphysema-progression-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#6
Janice M Leung, Andrea Malagoli, Antonella Santoro, Giulia Besutti, Guido Ligabue, Riccardo Scaglioni, Darlene Dai, Cameron Hague, Jonathon Leipsic, Don D Sin, Sf Paul Man, Giovanni Guaraldi
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and emphysema are common amongst patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We sought to determine the clinical factors that are associated with emphysema progression in HIV. METHODS: 345 HIV-infected patients enrolled in an outpatient HIV metabolic clinic with ≥2 chest computed tomography scans made up the study cohort. Images were qualitatively scored for emphysema based on percentage involvement of the lung...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902611/severity-of-pulmonary-emphysema-and-lung-cancer-analysis-using-quantitative-lobar-emphysema-scoring
#7
Kyungsoo Bae, Kyung Nyeo Jeon, Seung Jun Lee, Ho Cheol Kim, Ji Young Ha, Sung Eun Park, Hye Jin Baek, Bo Hwa Choi, Soo Buem Cho, Jin Il Moon
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between lobar severity of emphysema and lung cancer using automated lobe segmentation and emphysema quantification methods.This study included 78 patients (74 males and 4 females; mean age of 72 years) with the following conditions: pathologically proven lung cancer, available chest computed tomographic (CT) scans for lobe segmentation, and quantitative scoring of emphysema. The relationship between emphysema and lung cancer was analyzed using quantitative emphysema scoring of each pulmonary lobe...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898561/alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency-pathophysiologic-features-and-the-importance-of-screening
#8
Kelly McCosh
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is an inherited disorder that may lead to early development of emphysema and also can cause serious hepatic disease. Because the condition is underrecognized, diagnosis may be delayed. This article aims to increase awareness about alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency and screening guidelines that can help primary care providers identify patients early for better outcomes.
December 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898174/treatment-of-a-giant-pulmonary-emphysematous-cyst-with-primary-bronchoalveolar-papillary-carcinoma-in-a-shih-tzu-dog
#9
Jiyoung Park, Hae-Beom Lee, Seong Mok Jeong
OBJECTIVE: To report the surgical treatment of a pulmonary emphysematous cyst concurrent with primary pulmonary bronchoalveolar papillary carcinoma in a dog. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report. ANIMALS: 12-year-old 6.4 kg spayed female Shih Tzu dog. METHODS: The dog presented for surgical treatment of pulmonary emphysema. Radiography revealed that more than half of the left caudal lung lobe was enlarged and hyperlucent and computed tomography (CT) confirmed the presence of an emphysematous space...
November 28, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895865/assessment-of-independent-risk-factors-of-developing-pneumothorax-during-percutaneous-core-needle-lung-biopsy-focus-on-lesion-depth
#10
Ha-Yeon Lee, In Jae Lee
BACKGROUND: Previous studies identifying risk factors for pneumothorax in percutaneous core needle lung biopsies reported inconsistent and contradictory results. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify independent risk factors for pneumothorax associated with computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous core needle lung biopsy (PCNB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 591 biopsy procedures for focal lung lesions. Risk factors for pneumothorax as a complication after lung biopsy were determined by univariate and multivariate analyses of variables including the patient's age, gender, lesion depth from the pleural surface, lesion size, lesion location, presence or absence of fissure crossing by the needle, emphysema in the same lobe where the biopsy was performed, and the final diagnosis of the biopsy lesion...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893570/nonoperative-treatment-of-a-tracheocutaneous-fistula-in-a-burn-patient
#11
Katherine Marie Huber, Alicia Rose Billington, Loryn J Taylor, Kimberly Brown Maynell, C Wayne Cruse
Tracheocutaneous fistula (TCF) is a complication occurring after decannulation of a long-term tracheostomy and can lead to significant morbidity. We describe a case of a TCF in a burn patient treated without surgery. No previous cases have been described. A 65-year-old woman presented with symptomatic hypertrophic burn scar contractures of the anterior neck 6 months after undergoing excision and grafting of full-thickness burns to the neck and chest. She had a history of tracheostomy placement at the time of burn...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892866/effectiveness-of-a-bhv-1-befv-bivalent-vaccine-against-bovine-herpesvirus-type-1-infection-in-cattle
#12
Yao-Chi Chung, Hsiu-Yen Shen, Li-Ting Cheng, Shyh-Shyan Liu, Chun-Yen Chu
Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) causes acute febrile respiratory diseases (infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, IBR), decreased milk production, weight loss and abortion. Bovine ephemeral fever virus (BEFV) causes acute febrile respiratory disease, with pulmonary emphysema and pulmonary edema as the main signs. These viruses infect domesticated herds and lead to significant economic losses. In our previous study, an inactivated BHV-1 and BEFV bivalent vaccine was formulated with water-in-oil-in-water adjuvant, and vaccine efficacy was evaluated in guinea pigs...
October 13, 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891006/rare-cause-of-spontaneous-subcutaneous-emphysema
#13
Valliappan Muthu, Sahajal Dhooria, Ritesh Agarwal, Digambar Behera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890994/quantitative-computed-tomography-imaging-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
REVIEW
Lalita Fernandes, Yasmin Fernandes, Anthony Menezes Mesquita
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease having small airway inflammation, emphysema, and pulmonary hypertension. It is now clear that spirometry alone cannot differentiate each component. Quantitative computed tomography (QCT) is increasingly used to quantify the amount of emphysema and small airway involvement in COPD. Inspiratory CT guides in assessing emphysema while expiratory CT identifies areas of air trapping which is a surrogate of small airway inflammation. By constructing a three-dimensional model of airways, we can also measure the airway wall thickness of segmental and subsegmental airways...
November 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888969/smoking-behaviors-and-medical-co-morbidities-in-patients-with-mental-illnesses
#15
Peggy El-Mallakh, Danielle McPeak, Milan Khara, Chizimuzo T Okoli
Correlations among smoking behaviors and co-morbid medical illnesses were examined among 982 smokers with mental illnesses enrolled in a smoking cessation program within Mental Health and Addictions Services in Vancouver, Canada. Significant correlates among individuals with psychotic disorders included associations between a history of emphysema/chronic obstructive pulmonary (COPD) disease and cigarettes smoked per day (r's=.35, p≤.01), Confidence in quitting (r's=-.33, p≤.01), and nicotine dependence (r's=...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884480/subcutaneous-emphysema-after-vigorous-sneezing-in-the-setting-of-acute-frontal-sinusitis
#16
Scott Hirsch, Daniel Coelho, Theodore Schuman
INTRODUCTION: Subcutaneous emphysema [SCE] can develop due to traumatic, infectious, and spontaneous causes and usually localizes to the periorbital space. CASE: We present a case of an 18-year-old male with an 8-day history of migraine-like headaches followed by the acute onset of frontofacial swelling after vigorous sneezing. Radiologic and physical exam findings supported a diagnosis of frontofacial SCE in the setting of frontal sinusitis. DISCUSSION: A sneeze, although usually benign, causes a significant increase in intranasal pressure...
September 12, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882425/assessment-of-regional-emphysema-air-trapping-and-xenon-ventilation-using-dual-energy-computed-tomography-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#17
Sang Min Lee, Joon Beom Seo, Hye Jeon Hwang, Namkug Kim, Sang Young Oh, Jae Seung Lee, Sei Won Lee, Yeon-Mok Oh, Tae Hoon Kim
OBJECTIVES: To compare the parenchymal attenuation change between inspiration/expiration CTs with dynamic ventilation change between xenon wash-in (WI) inspiration and wash-out (WO) expiration CTs. METHODS: 52 prospectively enrolled COPD patients underwent xenon ventilation dual-energy CT during WI and WO periods and pulmonary function tests (PFTs). The parenchymal attenuation parameters (emphysema index (EI), gas-trapping index (GTI) and air-trapping index (ATI)) and xenon ventilation parameters (xenon in WI (Xe-WI), xenon in WO (Xe-WO) and xenon dynamic (Xe-Dyna)) of whole lung and three divided areas (emphysema, hyperinflation and normal) were calculated on virtual non-contrast images and ventilation images...
November 23, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882084/staged-bilateral-single-port-thoracoscopic-lung-volume-reduction-surgery-a-report-of-11-cases
#18
Miao Zhang, Heng Wang, Xue-Feng Pan, Wen-Bin Wu, Hui Zhang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the feasibility and efficacy of staged bilateral single-port thoracoscopic lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary emphysema (COPE). Eleven male patients with a mean age of 60.27±12.11 years with bilateral COPE and bullae were admitted to the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Xuzhou Central Hospital from January 2013 to June 2014. The patients underwent staged bilateral single-port thoracoscopic LVRS. The hyperinflated bullae were resected using endoscopic staplers (Endo-GIA), followed by continuous suture and biological glue for reinforcement of the margin...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879179/-two-sisters-with-lung-emphysema
#19
I Piscaer, F M E Franssen, N H T Ten Hacken, E F M Wouters, R Janssen
BACKGROUND: α1-antitrypsin is an antiprotease that is mainly produced in the liver; it plays a crucial role in the protection of lung parenchyma against the destructive effects of proteases. Mutations in the α1-antitrypsin gene can cause α1-antitrypsin deficiency. Individuals homozygous for the Z-genotype have drastically lowered serum α1-antitrypsine concentrations and often develop lung emphysema at an early age. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 38-year-old woman and her 43-year-old sister both developed lung emphysema at an early age; this could be attributed to severe α1-antitrypsin deficiency...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878892/influence-of-siglec9-polymorphisms-on-copd-phenotypes-including-exacerbation-frequency
#20
Takeo Ishii, Takashi Angata, Emily S Wan, Michael H Cho, Takashi Motegi, Congxiao Gao, Kazuaki Ohtsubo, Shinobu Kitazume, Akihiko Gemma, Peter D ParÉ, David A Lomas, Edwin K Silverman, Naoyuki Taniguchi, Kozui Kida
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The exacerbation-prone phenotype of COPD is particularly important, as exacerbations lead to poor quality of life and disease progression. We previously found that COPD patients who lack Siglec-14, a myeloid cell protein that recognizes bacteria and triggers inflammatory responses, are less prone to exacerbation. We hypothesized that the variations in other SIGLEC genes could also influence COPD exacerbation frequency, and investigated the association between SIGLEC9 polymorphisms and the exacerbation-prone phenotype of COPD...
November 22, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
keyword
keyword
9048
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"