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neostigmine AND nausea OR vomiting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284861/a-comparison-of-intrathecal-dexmedetomidine-and-neostigmine-as-adjuvant-to-ropivacaine-for-lower-limb-surgeries-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Ashutosh Kumar Singh, Abhyuday Kumar, Ashok Kumar, Braj Kishore Prasad, Pradeep Kumar Tiwary, Ranjeet Kumar
Objective: The primary objective of this study was to compare the analgesic effects of intrathecal ropivacaine with or without neostigmine or dexmedetomidine in lower limb surgeries. Secondary objectives were to study the characteristics of block, duration of analgesia, postoperative analgesic requirement, and associated side effects. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five patients posted for elective orthopedic lower limb surgeries under spinal anesthesia were randomly divided into three equal groups to receive intrathecal ropivacaine 0...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280475/the-comparative-efficacy-and-safety-of-sugammadex-and-neostigmine-in-reversing-neuromuscular-blockade-in-adults-a-cochrane-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#2
REVIEW
A-M Hristovska, P Duch, M Allingstrup, A Afshari
We compared the efficacy and safety of sugammadex and neostigmine in reversing neuromuscular blockade in adults. Our outcomes were: recovery time from second twitch to train-of-four ratio > 0.9; recovery time from post-tetanic count 1-5 to train-of-four ratio > 0.9; and risk of composite adverse and serious adverse events. We searched for randomised clinical trials irrespective of publication status and date, blinding status, outcomes reported or language. We included 41 studies with 4206 participants...
December 27, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214645/recovery-characteristics-of-patients-receiving-either-sugammadex-or-neostigmine-and-glycopyrrolate-for-reversal-of-neuromuscular-block-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
M J Paech, R Kaye, C Baber, E A Nathan
Sugammadex more rapidly and reliably reverses rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block compared with neostigmine, but it is not known if subsequent patient outcomes, including nausea, vomiting and other aspects of recovery are modified. In this study, we compared the recovery characteristics of sugammadex and neostigmine/glycopyrrolate following reversal of neuromuscular block. This was a single-centre, randomised, blinded, parallel-group clinical trial in women undergoing elective day-surgical laparoscopic gynaecological surgery, with a standardised general anaesthesia regimen that included rocuronium...
December 7, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975069/the-analgesic-efficacy-of-intrathecal-bupivacaine-and-fentanyl-with-added-neostigmine-or-magnesium-sulphate
#4
Mehrdad Mokaram Dori, Farid Foruzin
BACKGROUND: An appropriate anesthesia duration with minimal side effects and prolonged postoperative analgesia are the ideal characteristics of an intrathecal drug used during spinal anesthesia. Neostigmine and magnesium sulphate have been used as spinal anesthetic additives with narcotics and local anesthetics. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the analgesic properties of intrathecal neostigmine and magnesium sulphate by adding them to intrathecal bupivacaine-fentanyl...
December 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868303/adjuvants-to-local-anesthetics-current-understanding-and-future-trends
#5
EDITORIAL
Amlan Swain, Deb Sanjay Nag, Seelora Sahu, Devi Prasad Samaddar
Although beneficial in acute and chronic pain management, the use of local anaesthetics is limited by its duration of action and the dose dependent adverse effects on the cardiac and central nervous system. Adjuvants or additives are often used with local anaesthetics for its synergistic effect by prolonging the duration of sensory-motor block and limiting the cumulative dose requirement of local anaesthetics. The armamentarium of local anesthetic adjuvants have evolved over time from classical opioids to a wide array of drugs spanning several groups and varying mechanisms of action...
August 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828195/critically-ill-patients-and-gut-motility-are-we-addressing-it
#6
REVIEW
Alfredo Vazquez-Sandoval, Shekhar Ghamande, Salim Surani
Gastrointestinal (GI) dysmotility is a common problem in the critically ill population. It can be a reflection and an early sign of patient deterioration or it can be an independent cause of morbidity and mortality. GI dysmotility can be divided for clinical purposes on upper GI dysmotility and lower GI dysmotility. Upper GI dysmotility manifests by nausea, feeding intolerance and vomiting; its implications include aspiration into the airway of abdominal contents and underfeeding. Several strategies to prevent and treat this condition can be tried and they include prokinetics and post-pyloric feeds...
August 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806470/efficacy-and-safety-of-sugammadex-versus-neostigmine-in-reversing-neuromuscular-blockade-in-adults
#7
REVIEW
Ana-Marija Hristovska, Patricia Duch, Mikkel Allingstrup, Arash Afshari
BACKGROUND: Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, such as neostigmine, have traditionally been used for reversal of non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents. However, these drugs have significant limitations, such as indirect mechanisms of reversal, limited and unpredictable efficacy, and undesirable autonomic responses. Sugammadex is a selective relaxant-binding agent specifically developed for rapid reversal of non-depolarizing neuromuscular blockade induced by rocuronium. Its potential clinical benefits include fast and predictable reversal of any degree of block, increased patient safety, reduced incidence of residual block on recovery, and more efficient use of healthcare resources...
August 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731951/does-sugammadex-administration-affect-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-study
#8
Ayca Tas Tuna, Onur Palabiyik, Mustafa Orhan, Tugba Sonbahar, Havva Sayhan, Yakup Tomak
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to assess the effect of sugammadex on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Eighty patients who were scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery were enrolled in this prospective study. Patients were randomly assigned to neostigmine (group N) or sugammadex (group S) for neuromuscular antagonism at the end of anesthesia. The incidence of PONV and antiemetic consumption were recorded...
August 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236862/comparison-of-the-effects-of-sugammadex-and-neostigmine-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Özgür Yağan, Nilay Taş, Tuğçe Mutlu, Volkan Hancı
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study is to compare the effects of sugammadex and neostigmine, used for neuromuscular blockage antagonism, on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). METHODS: Our study was completed with 98 ASA I-II risk patients undergoing endotracheal intubation under general anesthesia. At the end of the surgery patients were randomly divided into two groups given 2mgkg(-1) sugammadex (Group S) or 50μgkg(-1) neostigmine plus 0.2mgkg(-1) atropine (Group N)...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185260/a-comparison-of-sugammadex-and-neostigmine-for-reversal-of-rocuronium-induced-neuromuscular-blockade-in-children
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A S Ammar, K M Mahmoud, Z A Kasemy
BACKGROUND: Sugammadex is designed to be a reversal agent for steroidal muscle relaxants. The current trial was aimed to compare between sugammadex and neostigmine concerning the recovery time from neuromuscular blockade. We hypothesised that sugammadex might have shorter recovery time than neostigmine. METHODS: Sixty paediatric patients aged 2-10 years scheduled for lower abdominal surgeries were randomly assigned into two equal groups to receive 4 mg/kg sugammadex (Group S) or 0...
April 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024715/incidence-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-following-gynecological-laparoscopy-a-comparison-of-standard-anesthetic-technique-and-propofol-infusion
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Pradipta Bhakta, Bablu Rani Ghosh, Umesh Singh, Preeti S Govind, Abhinav Gupta, Kulwant Singh Kapoor, Rajesh Kumar Jain, Tulsi Nag, Dipanwita Mitra, Manjushree Ray, Vikash Singh, Gauri Mukherjee
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of propofol-based anesthesia in gynecological laparoscopies in reducing incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting compared to a standard anesthesia using thiopentone/isoflurane. DESIGN: Randomized single-blind (for anesthesia techniques used) and double-blind (for postoperative assessment) controlled trial. SETTING: Operation theater, postanesthesia recovery room, teaching hospital...
December 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871504/efficacy-and-safety-of-sugammadex-compared-to-neostigmine-for-reversal-of-neuromuscular-blockade-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
REVIEW
Michele Carron, Francesco Zarantonello, Paola Tellaroli, Carlo Ori
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sugammadex has been introduced for reversal of rocuronium (or vecuronium)-induced neuromuscular blockade (NMB). Although its efficacy has been established, data are conflicting whether it is safer than neostigmine traditionally used for reversing NMB. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of data about effectiveness and safety of sugammadex compared to neostigmine for reversing NMB in adults was performed using the PRISMA methodology. SETTING: University medical hospital...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746548/comparative-evaluation-of-different-doses-of-intrathecal-neostigmine-as-an-adjuvant-to-bupivacaine-for-postoperative-analgesia
#13
Vandana Pandey, B K Mohindra, Gurdip Singh Sodhi
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy and safety of intrathecal neostigmine at dose of 50 μg and 150 μg as an adjuvant to bupivacaine for postoperative analgesia under spinal anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 75 patients of either sex, belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I and II in the age group of 30-65 years scheduled to undergo lower abdominal and lower limb surgeries were allocated randomly into 3 groups of 25 each. Spinal anesthesia was administered in Group I (control group) with 12...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692737/-comparison-of-the-effects-of-sugammadex-and-neostigmine-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting
#14
Özgür Yağan, Nilay Taş, Tuğçe Mutlu, Volkan Hancı
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study is to compare the effects of sugammadex and neostigmine, used for neuromuscular blockage antagonism, on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). METHODS: Our study was completed with 98 ASA I-II risk patients undergoing endotracheal intubation under general anesthesia. At the end of the surgery patients were randomly allocated into two groups given 2mgkg(-1) sugammadex (Group S) or 50μgkg(-1) neostigmine plus 0.2mgkg(-1) atropine (Group N)...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27290978/reversal-of-neuromuscular-blockade-with-sugammadex-or-neostigmine-atropine-effect-on-postoperative-gastrointestinal-motility
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A Sen, B Erdivanli, Y Tomak, A Pergel
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare sugammadex with conventional reversal of neuromuscular block in terms of postoperative gastrointestinal motility. DESIGN: Double blinded, randomized, controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Operating room, postoperative recovery area. PATIENTS: Seventy-two patients with ASA physical status I or II, scheduled for total thyroid surgery were studied. INTERVENTIONS: When 4 twitches were observed on train-of-four stimulation, neuromuscular block was reversed conversatively in the control group, and with sugammadex in the study group...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051359/a-comparison-between-intrathecal-clonidine-and-neostigmine-as-an-adjuvant-to-bupivacaine-in-the-subarachnoid-block-for-elective-abdominal-hysterectomy-operations-a-prospective-double-blind-and-randomized-controlled-study
#16
D Bhar, S RoyBasunia, A Das, S B Kundu, R C Mondal, P S Halder, S K Mandal, S Chattopadhyay
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adjuvant to the local anesthetic agent has proven benefits when used intrathecally. With regards to intrathecal bupivacaine as control, we have compared in this study the effects of clonidine and neostigmine when co-administered intrathecally with hyperbaric (0.5%) bupivacaine for abdominal hysterectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized, double-blind study was conducted from May 2009 to June 2011. A total of 150 patients of American Society of Anaesthesiology grades I and II scheduled for abdominal hysterectomy under spinal anesthesia were randomly allocated into three groups...
April 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26558858/a-systematic-review-of-sugammadex-vs-neostigmine-for-reversal-of-neuromuscular-blockade
#17
REVIEW
A Abad-Gurumeta, J Ripollés-Melchor, R Casans-Francés, A Espinosa, E Martínez-Hurtado, C Fernández-Pérez, J M Ramírez, F López-Timoneda, J M Calvo-Vecino
We reviewed systematically sugammadex vs neostigmine for reversing neuromuscular blockade. We included 17 randomised controlled trials with 1553 participants. Sugammadex reduced all signs of residual postoperative paralysis, relative risk (95% CI) 0.46 (0.29-0.71), p = 0.0004 and minor respiratory events, relative risk (95% CI) 0.51 (0.32-0.80), p = 0.0034. There was no difference in critical respiratory events, relative risk (95% CI) 0.13 (0.02-1.06), p = 0.06. Sugammadex reduced drug-related side-effects, relative risk (95% CI) 0...
December 2015: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26442397/the-effects-of-intrathecal-neostigmine-added-to-bupivacaine-on-postoperative-analgesic-requirement-in-patients-undergoing-lower-limb-orthopedic-surgery
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hamid Kayalha, Zinat Mousavi, Ameneh Sadat Barikani, Siamak Yaghoobi, Marzieh Beigom Khezri
BACKGROUND: Several additives have been suggested to enhance analgesic effect of local anesthetic agents to decrease the adverse effects of them and increase the degree of satisfaction. We designed this randomized double-blind controlled study to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of the neostigmine added to bupivacaine using spinal anesthesia in patients undergoing lower limb orthopedic surgery. METHODS: Sixty patients 18-80 yr old American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I or II, scheduled for femur surgery under spinal anesthesia, were recruited in a prospective, double-blinded, randomized way...
June 2015: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26119258/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-adding-neostigmine-to-local-anesthetics-for-neuraxial-administration-in-obstetric-anesthesia-and-analgesia
#19
REVIEW
A P Cossu, L M De Giudici, D Piras, P Mura, M Scanu, M Cossu, M Saba, G Finco, L Brazzi
BACKGROUND: Drugs used in obstetric patients must accomplish two goals: efficacy and safety for both mother and fetus. Neostigmine has been co-administered epidurally and intrathecally with local anesthetics and other adjuncts in the obstetric setting. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy and incidence of adverse events related to the use of neostigmine in obstetric anesthesia. METHODS: A meta-analysis of randomized-controlled human trials was conducted using the data sources Google Scholar and PubMed (updated 1 November 2014)...
August 2015: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25544263/comparison-of-sugammadex-and-conventional-reversal-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-a-randomized-blinded-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Onur Koyuncu, Selim Turhanoglu, Cagla Ozbakis Akkurt, Murat Karcıoglu, Mustafa Ozkan, Cahit Ozer, Daniel I Sessler, Alparslan Turan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the new selective binding agent sugammadex causes less postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) than the cholinesterase inhibitor neostigmine. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. SETTING: University-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1 and 2 patients scheduled for extremity surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly assigned to neostigmine (70 μg/kg) and atropine (0...
February 2015: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
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