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'Women's Health'

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817331/urban-rural-differences-in-suicide-in-the-state-of-maryland-the-role-of-firearms
#1
Paul S Nestadt, Patrick Triplett, David R Fowler, Ramin Mojtabai
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the use of firearms explains rural-urban differences in suicide rates. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis on all 6196 well-characterized adult suicides in Maryland from 2003 through 2015. We computed rate ratios by using census data and then stratified by sex, with adjustment for age and race. RESULTS: Suicide rates were higher in rural compared with urban counties. However, the higher rural suicide rates were limited to firearm suicides (incident rate ratio [IRR] = 1...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817319/medicaid-reimbursement-for-the-female-condom
#2
Susan S Witte, Colleen MacPhee, Natalie Ginsburg, Neha Deshmukh
OBJECTIVES: To examine state-level female condom use through Medicaid from 2004 to 2014, because in 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) allowed for expanded Medicaid coverage in many states, extending requirements for contraceptive care to more of the poorest women in the United States and to most women with private insurance. METHODS: We collected data via brief survey of Medicaid offices in all 50 states between March 2015 and March 2016...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817104/national-and-subnational-population-based-incidence-of-cancer-in-thailand-assessing-cancers-with-the-highest-burdens
#3
Shama Virani, Surichai Bilheem, Wasan Chansaard, Imjai Chitapanarux, Karnchana Daoprasert, Somsak Khuanchana, Atit Leklob, Donsuk Pongnikorn, Laura S Rozek, Surattaya Siriarechakul, Krittika Suwanrungruang, Sukit Tassanasunthornwong, Patravoot Vatanasapt, Hutcha Sriplung
In Thailand, five cancer types-breast, cervical, colorectal, liver and lung cancer-contribute to over half of the cancer burden. The magnitude of these cancers must be quantified over time to assess previous health policies and highlight future trajectories for targeted prevention efforts. We provide a comprehensive assessment of these five cancers nationally and subnationally, with trend analysis, projections, and number of cases expected for the year 2025 using cancer registry data. We found that breast (average annual percent change (AAPC): 3...
August 17, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816933/breast-cancer-endometrial-cancer-and-cardiovascular-events-in-participants-who-used-vaginal-estrogen-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-study
#4
Carolyn J Crandall, Kathleen M Hovey, Christopher A Andrews, Rowan T Chlebowski, Marcia L Stefanick, Dorothy S Lane, Jan Shifren, Chu Chen, Andrew M Kaunitz, Jane A Cauley, JoAnn E Manson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between use of vaginal estrogen and risk of a global index event (GIE), defined as time to first occurrence of coronary heart disease (CHD), invasive breast cancer, stroke, pulmonary embolism, hip fracture, colorectal cancer, endometrial cancer, or death from any cause. METHODS: For this prospective observational cohort study, we used data from participants of the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study, who were recruited at 40 US clinical centers, aged 50 to 79 years at baseline and did not use systemic estrogen therapy during follow-up (n = 45,663, median follow-up 7...
August 14, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816590/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-women-findings-from-the-nurses-health-study-ii
#5
Nicole A VanKim, S Bryn Austin, Hee-Jin Jun, Heather L Corliss
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian and bisexual (LB) women are at greater risk of obesity than heterosexuals. However, few studies have examined sexual orientation differences in physical activity (PA) and even fewer have examined differences in sedentary behaviors. This study assessed PA more comprehensively than previous research by including aerobic PA, strengthening PA, and sitting time, to explore sexual orientation differences among adult women. METHODS: Nearly 100,000 women from Nurses' Health Study II were included in multivariable-adjusted repeated measures analyses...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815984/relationships-between-central-arterial-stiffness-lean-body-mass-and-absolute-and-relative-strength-in-young-and-older-men-and-women
#6
Christopher A Fahs, Robert S Thiebaud, Lindy M Rossow, Jeremy P Loenneke, Debra A Bemben, Michael G Bemben
Relationships between muscular strength and arterial stiffness as well as between muscle mass and arterial stiffness have been observed suggesting a link between the neuromuscular system and vascular health. However, the relationship between central arterial stiffness and absolute and relative strength along with muscle mass has not been investigated in both sexes across a broad age range. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between central arterial stiffness and absolute and relative strength as well as between central arterial stiffness and lean body mass (LBM) in men and women across a broad age range...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815662/risks-of-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-after-repeat-terminations-of-pregnancy-by-their-methods-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study-in-finland-1996-2013
#7
S Kc, M Gissler, S M Virtanen, R Klemetti
BACKGROUND: Repeat terminations of pregnancy (TOPs) are associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes in the subsequent birth. The perinatal outcomes after repeat TOPs by their methods have not yet been properly studied. This study aimed to examine perinatal outcomes in subsequent pregnancy among the women with a singleton birth and a history of TOPs. METHODS: All the first-time mothers (n = 419 879) with a singleton birth during 1996-2013 in Finland were identified from the Medical Birth Register and linked to the Abortion Register...
August 16, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815421/knowledge-beliefs-and-attitudes-of-somali-men-in-olmsted-county-minnesota-u-s-on-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-and-cervical-cancer-screening-january-17-2015
#8
Uzoma Abakporo, Abdirahman Hussein, James W Begun, Tetyana Shippee
This study explores the general knowledge of Human Papillomavirus vaccine (HPV) and cervical cancer screening (CCS) among Somali men in the U.S., who are major decision-makers in Somali households. HPV infects both men and women, and causes genital warts and cervical cancer (CC). High mortality from CC persists among minorities due to low uptake of preventive tools. Eleven questions assessed general knowledge of HPV and CCS among 30 Somali male respondents. The knowledge of HPV and CCS by education level, age, and years lived in the U...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814395/fecal-concentrations-of-bacterially-derived-vitamin-k-forms-are-associated-with-gut-microbiota-composition-but-not-plasma-or-fecal-cytokine-concentrations-in-healthy-adults
#9
J Philip Karl, Mohsen Meydani, Junaidah B Barnett, Sally M Vanegas, Kathryn Barger, Xueyan Fu, Barry Goldin, Anne Kane, Helen Rasmussen, Pajau Vangay, Dan Knights, Satya S Jonnalagadda, Edward Saltzman, Susan B Roberts, Simin N Meydani, Sarah L Booth
Background: Emerging evidence suggests novel roles for bacterially derived vitamin K forms known as menaquinones in health and disease, which may be attributable in part to anti-inflammatory effects. However, the relevance of menaquinones produced by gut bacteria to vitamin K requirements and inflammation is undetermined.Objective: This study aimed to quantify fecal menaquinone concentrations and identify associations between fecal menaquinone concentrations and serum vitamin K concentrations, gut microbiota composition, and inflammation...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814219/coeliac-disease-review-of-diagnosis-and-management
#10
Marjorie M Walker, Jonas F Ludvigsson, David S Sanders
Coeliac disease is an immune-mediated systemic disease triggered by exposure to gluten, and manifested by small intestinal enteropathy and gastrointestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms. Recent guidelines recommend a concerted use of clear definitions of the disease. In Australia, the most recent estimated prevalence is 1.2% in adult men (1:86) and 1.9% in adult women (1:52). Active case finding is appropriate to diagnose coeliac disease in high risk groups. Diagnosis of coeliac disease is important to prevent nutritional deficiency and long term risk of gastrointestinal malignancy...
August 21, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814104/factors-associated-with-low-neighborhood-cohesion-among-women-living-with-hiv-impacted-by-social-structural-inequities-in-british-columbia
#11
Kalysha Closson, Alexis K Palmer, Alexandra B Collins, Kate Salters, Wendy Zhang, Julio S G Montaner, Robert S Hogg, Surita Parashar
Built and social environments, including one's perception of their environment, are important determinants of health. The intersection of gender and HIV status may complicate the role of neighborhood cohesion in safety, personal well-being, and health outcomes for populations impacted by social and structural inequities. Among women in particular, social cohesion within the neighborhood they reside in may have a greater influence on health outcomes compared to their male counterparts. We sought to examine perception of neighborhood cohesion (validated scale with a range 0-100, with higher scores indicating higher perceived neighborhood cohesion) among women living with HIV, impacted by social-structural inequities, receiving combination antiretroviral therapy, and enrolled in the Longitudinal Investigations into Supportive Ancillary health services (LISA) study in British Columbia, Canada...
August 17, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813554/association-between-purpose-in-life-and-objective-measures-of-physical-function-in-older-adults
#12
Eric S Kim, Ichiro Kawachi, Ying Chen, Laura D Kubzansky
Importance: Higher purpose in life is hypothesized to reduce the likelihood of developing weak grip strength and slow walking speed because purpose has been linked with a range of positive health behaviors and biological processes that are potentially protective against declining physical function. However, the association between purpose in life and objective physical function has not been examined. Objective: To assess whether higher purpose in life among adequately functioning older adults is associated with lower risk of developing weak grip strength and slow walking speed over time...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812649/decreased-male-reproductive-success-in-association-with-mitochondrial-dysfunction
#13
Mika H Martikainen, John P Grady, Yi Shiau Ng, Charlotte L Alston, Grainne S Gorman, Robert W Taylor, Robert McFarland, Doug M Turnbull
The reproductive success of men with mitochondrial disease is to date unreported. We compared the age- and era-adjusted reproductive success of 94 British male patients with mitochondrial disease to that of the UK general male population. The reproductive success of men with mitochondrial disease was 65% of that in the general population (95% confidence interval: 53%; 79%), and the effect magnitude was related to the disease severity. This contrasts with the two previous studies finding that the reproductive success of women with mitochondrial DNA disease is not impaired...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811737/learning-and-developing-individual-exercise-skills-l-a-d-i-e-s-for-a-better-life-a-church-based-physical-activity-intervention-baseline-participant-characteristics
#14
Melicia C Whitt-Glover, Moses V Goldmon, Ziya Gizlice, Daniel P Heil, Njeri Karanja
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial for health, yet most African American women do not achieve recommended levels. Successful, sustainable strategies could help to address disparities in health outcomes associated with low levels of PA. The Learning and Developing Individual Exercise Skills (L.A.D.I.E.S.) for a Better Life study compared a faith-based and a secular intervention for increasing PA with a self-guided control group. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This cluster randomized, controlled trial was conducted from 2010 - 2011 in African American churches (n=31) in suburban North Carolina...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811173/prenatal-exposure-to-pyrethroid-pesticides-and-childhood-behavior-and-executive-functioning
#15
Melissa A Furlong, Dana Boyd Barr, Mary S Wolff, Stephanie M Engel
Several previous studies of pyrethroid biomarkers and behavior have reported associations between concurrent pyrethroid levels and adverse behavioral problems in children. One geospatial study reported associations between prenatal exposure to pyrethroids and autism. However, the association between prenatal pyrethroid biomarkers and childhood behavior is unknown. The Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Center is a prospective birth cohort with urinary pyrethroid biomarkers during pregnancy and behavioral measurements at 4, 6, and 7-9 years of age...
August 12, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810986/cancer-incidence-among-patients-of-the-u-s-veterans-affairs-health-care-system-2010-update
#16
Leah L Zullig, Kellie J Sims, Rebecca McNeil, Christina D Williams, George L Jackson, Dawn Provenzale, Michael J Kelley
INTRODUCTION: Nearly 50,000 incident cancer cases are reported in Veterans Affairs (VA) Central Cancer Registry (VACCR) annually. This article provides an updated report of cancer incidence recorded in VACCR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from VACCR for incident cancers diagnosed in the VA health care system, focusing on 2010 data. Cancer incidence among VA patients is described by anatomical site, sex, race, stage, and geographic location, and was compared to the general U...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810979/women-veterans-a-population-at-risk-for-fibromyalgia-the-associations-between-fibromyalgia-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#17
Rita F D'Aoust, Alicia Gill Rossiter, Amanda Elliott, Ming Ji, Cecile Lengacher, Maureen Groer
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Federal Health Care recently published an executive summary from a round table discussion indicating that active duty and retired female military personnel are at high risk for adverse health outcomes unique to military service including complications related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), unreported sexual trauma, and musculoskeletal problems. In 2008, the Institute of Medicine began to review, evaluate, and summarize the literature on health outcomes in Gulf War-deployed and found sufficient evidence of a causal relationship with PTSD and suggestive evidence of an association with fibromyalgia (FM)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810670/journey-towards-universal-viral-load-monitoring-in-maputo-mozambique-many-gaps-but-encouraging-signs
#18
Sarah Swannet, Tom Decroo, Sheila M T L de Castro, Caroline Rose, Ruggero Giuliani, Lucas Molfino, Ana W Torrens, Walter S E D Macueia, Sharon Perry, Tony Reid
Introduction: Viral load (VL) monitoring for people on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is extremely challenging in resource-limited settings. We assessed the VL testing scale-up in six Médecins Sans Frontières supported health centres in Maputo, Mozambique, during 2014-15. Methods: In a retrospective cohort study, routine programme data were used to describe VL testing uptake and results, and multi-variate logistical regression to estimate predictors of VL testing uptake and suppression...
July 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810463/body-image-in-adult-women-associations-with-health-behaviors-quality-of-life-and-functional-impairment
#19
Carolyn B Becker, Christina L Verzijl, Lisa S Kilpela, Salome A Wilfred, Tiffany Stewart
This study examined body image in adult women along with probable correlates including health behaviors, negative affect, quality of life, and functional impairment. Adult women ( N = 738, age = 25-86 years) completed an online survey assessing these domains. Women across all ages reported similar body image concerns. Negative body image significantly correlated with poorer wellness behaviors, negative affect, quality of life, and functional impairment. The inverse held for positive body image. The majority of correlations remained even when controlling for negative affect...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809935/effectiveness-of-a-brief-behavioural-intervention-on-psychological-distress-among-women-with-a-history-of-gender-based-violence-in-urban-kenya-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#20
Richard A Bryant, Alison Schafer, Katie S Dawson, Dorothy Anjuri, Caroline Mulili, Lincoln Ndogoni, Phiona Koyiet, Marit Sijbrandij, Jeannette Ulate, Melissa Harper Shehadeh, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Mark van Ommeren
BACKGROUND: Gender-based violence (GBV) represents a major cause of psychological morbidity worldwide, and particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although there are effective treatments for common mental disorders associated with GBV, they typically require lengthy treatment programs that may limit scaling up in LMICs. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of a new 5-session behavioural treatment called Problem Management Plus (PM+) that lay community workers can be taught to deliver...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
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