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'Women's Health'

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098398/depression-and-discrimination-in-the-lives-of-women-transgender-and-gender-liminal-people-in-ontario-canada
#1
Charmaine C Williams, Deone Curling, Leah S Steele, Margaret F Gibson, Andrea Daley, Datejie Cheko Green, Lori E Ross
This article uses an intersectionality lens to explore how experiences of race, gender, sexuality, class and their intersections are associated with depression and unmet need for mental healthcare in a population of 704 women and transgender/gender liminal people from Ontario, Canada. A survey collecting demographic information, information about mental health and use of mental healthcare services, and data for the Everyday Discrimination Scale and the PHQ-9 Questionnaire for Depression was completed by 704 people via Internet or pen-and-paper between June 2011 and June 2012...
January 18, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097593/associations-between-positive-body-image-sexual-liberalism-and-unconventional-sexual-practices-in-u-s-adults
#2
Viren Swami, Laura Weis, David Barron, Adrian Furnham
While studies have documented robust relationships between body image and sexual health outcomes, few studies have looked beyond sexual functioning in women. Here, we hypothesized that more positive body image would be associated with greater sexual liberalism and more positive attitudes toward unconventional sexual practices. An online sample of 151 women and 164 men from the U.S. completed measures of sexual liberalism, attitudes toward unconventional sexual practices, and indices of positive body image (i...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097381/rotating-night-shift-work-sleep-and-colorectal-adenoma-in-women
#3
Elizabeth E Devore, Jennifer Massa, Kyriaki Papantoniou, Eva S Schernhammer, Kana Wu, Xuehong Zhang, Walter C Willett, Charles S Fuchs, Andrew T Chan, Shuji Ogino, Edward Giovannucci, Esther K Wei
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the associations of rotating night shift work history and sleep duration with risk of colorectal adenoma. METHODS: We evaluated 56,275 cancer-free participants of the Nurses' Health Study II, who had their first colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy between 1991 and 2011; rotating night shift work and sleep duration were reported by mailed questionnaire. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression was used to estimate relative risks (RR) of colorectal adenoma, with 95% confidence intervals (CI), across categories of rotating night shift work history (none, 1-4, 5-9, and ≥10 years) and sleep duration (≤5, 6, 7, 8, and ≥9 h/day)...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096844/influence-of-an-extended-education-program-on-the-knowledge-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-subjects-undergoing-rehabilitation-following-acute-coronary-syndrome
#4
Wojciech S Kapko, Łukasz J Krzych
INTRODUCTION: Health education is a component of complex cardiac rehabilitation (CCR). AIM: To evaluate the influence of an authorial extended educational program on the knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors among subjects undergoing early in-hospital rehabilitation following acute coronary syndrome treated with percutaneous intervention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study covered 205 consecutive subjects (153 men and 52 women, aged 62 ±9 years) undergoing CCR...
December 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096641/assessment-of-periodontal-health-status-in-postmenopausal-women-visiting-dental-hospital-from-in-and-around-meerut-city-cross-sectional-observational-study
#5
D Deepa, Gazal Jain
BACKGROUND: Puberty, menses, pregnancy, and menopause are the different phases of a woman's life which have a varied influence on oral health. During the menopause, women go through biological and endocrine changes, particularly in their sex steroid hormone production which affects their health. Because the oral mucosa contains estrogen receptors, variations in hormone levels can be seen directly in the oral cavity leading to a few oral conditions and diseases seen more frequently during postmenopausal years...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096530/associations-between-body-mass-index-related-genetic-variants-and-adult-body-composition-the-fenland-cohort-study
#6
E A D Clifton, F R Day, E De Lucia Rolfe, N G Forouhi, S Brage, S J Griffin, N J Wareham, K K Ong
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Body mass index (BMI) is a surrogate measure of adiposity but does not distinguish fat from lean or bone mass. The genetic determinants of BMI are thought to predominantly influence adiposity but this has not been confirmed. Here we characterise the association between BMI-related genetic variants and body composition in adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Among 9667 adults aged 29-64 years from the Fenland study, a genetic risk score for BMI (BMI-GRS) was calculated for each individual as the weighted sum of BMI-increasing alleles across 96 reported BMI-related variants...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094118/receipt-of-public-assistance-during-childhood-and-hypertension-risk-in-adulthood
#7
Debbie S Barrington, Sherman A James
PURPOSE: We examined if receipt of public assistance during childhood lowered risk for hypertension by mid-life in a cohort of African Americans in the Southeastern United States. METHODS: We used multiple logistic regression models to assess the relationship between receipt of public assistance during childhood and adult hypertension among 405 male and 737 female adult participants enrolled between 1988 and 2001 in the Pitt County Study, a community-based prospective cohort study of African Americans in North Carolina...
December 9, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093633/dietary-potassium-intake-is-beneficial-to-bone-health-in-a-low-calcium-intake-population-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2008-2011
#8
S H Kong, J H Kim, A R Hong, J H Lee, S W Kim, C S Shin
: Dietary potassium may neutralize acid load and reduce calcium loss from the bone, leading to beneficial effect on bone mineral density. In this nationwide Korean population study, dietary potassium intake was associated with improved bone mineral density in older men and postmenopausal women. INTRODUCTION: Nutrition is a major modifiable factor that affects bone health. The accompanying anion in dietary potassium may act as an alkaline source by neutralizing the acid load and reducing calcium loss from the bone...
January 16, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093432/adiposity-physical-activity-and-risk-of-diabetes-mellitus-prospective-data-from-the-population-based-hunt-study-norway
#9
Kirsti Vik Hjerkind, Jo S Stenehjem, Tom I L Nilsen
BACKGROUND: Physical activity may counteract the adverse effects of adiposity on cardiovascular mortality; however, the evidence of a similar effect on diabetes is sparse. This study examines whether physical activity may compensate for the adverse effect of adiposity on diabetes risk. METHODS: The study population consisted of 38 231 individuals aged 20 years or more who participated in two consecutive waves of the prospective longitudinal Nord-Trøndelag Health Study in Norway: in 1984-1986 and in 1995-1997...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093017/the-bone-health-team
#10
Phillip T Lawrence, Marissa P Grotzke, Yanina Rosenblum, Richard E Nelson, Joanne LaFleur, Karla L Miller, Junjie Ma, Grant W Cannon
BACKGROUND: Significant improvements in secondary prevention of osteoporotic fractures have been noted with fracture liaison services. However, similar models for the primary prevention of such fractures have not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of a Bone Health Team (BHT) on osteoporosis screening and treatment rates in U.S. veterans in primary care practices. DESIGN: Historical cohort study of a primary care-based intervention of a BHT from February 2013 to February 2015...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092473/changing-the-culture-of-academic-medicine-critical-mass-or-critical-actors
#11
Deborah L Helitzer, Sharon L Newbill, Gina Cardinali, Page S Morahan, Shine Chang, Diane Magrane
PURPOSE: By 2006, women constituted 34% of academic medical faculty, reaching a critical mass. Theoretically, with critical mass, culture and policy supportive of gender equity should be evident. We explore whether having a critical mass of women transforms institutional culture and organizational change. METHODS: Career development program participants were interviewed to elucidate their experiences in academic health centers (AHCs). Focus group discussions were held with institutional leaders to explore their perceptions about contemporary challenges related to gender and leadership...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092062/-it-s-a-very-big-burden-on-me-women-s-experiences-using-insulin-for-gestational-diabetes
#12
Marlaine Figueroa Gray, Clarissa Hsu, Linda Kiel, Sascha Dublin
Objectives Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) affects hundreds of thousands of women each year. Many require medications to manage their blood glucose levels. Only insulin is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in pregnancy. While other medications can be used, their safety remains controversial. Few studies have examined women's lived experience of using insulin for GDM. Our objective in this study was to foreground the voices of women speaking about their treatment experience. Methods We conducted two focus groups including 16 women treated for GDM with medications, primarily insulin...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092059/the-effects-of-race-and-ethnicity-on-the-risk-of-large-for-gestational-age-newborns-in-women-without-gestational-diabetes-by-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-categories
#13
Nhial T Tutlam, Yun Liu, Erik J Nelson, Louise H Flick, Jen Jen Chang
Objectives Children born large for gestational age (LGA) are at risk of numerous adverse outcomes. While the racial/ethnic disparity in LGA risk has been studied among women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), the independent effect of race on LGA risk by maternal prepregnancy BMI is still unclear among women without GDM. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the association between maternal race/ethnicity and LGA among women without GDM. Methods This was a population-based cohort study of 2,842,278 singleton births using 2012 U...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091347/changes-in-the-seroprevalence-of-cysticercosis-in-suspected-patients-in-chandigarh-india-between-1998-and-2014-analysis-of-17-years-of-data
#14
L J Robertson, H Joshi, K S Utaaker, A Kumar, S Chaudhary, K Goyal, R Sehgal
Changes in seroprevalence of cysticercosis diagnosed in Chandigarh, India between 1998 and 2014 were investigated by extraction and analysis of data from records held at the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research in Chandigarh. Among the total number of samples for which cysticercosis had been suspected during this period (N = 9650), 1716 (17·8%) were seropositive. Adults were more likely to be seropositive than children, and women were more likely to be seropositive than men. In addition to there being fewer patients with suspicion of cysticercosis over the data analysis period, the proportion of patients seropositive also reduced significantly...
January 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090352/prevalence-of-obesity-in-malta
#15
REVIEW
S Cuschieri, J Vassallo, N Calleja, R Camilleri, A Borg, G Bonnici, Y Zhang, N Pace, J Mamo
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a global epidemic with the Mediterranean island of Malta being no exception. The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified Malta as one of the European countries with the highest obesity prevalence. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted (2014-2016) under the auspices of the University of Malta. The prevalence of overweight-obesity in Malta was calculated and then age stratified for comparisons with previous studies. RESULTS: The study identified 69...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089575/association-of-uterine-fibroids-and-pregnancy-outcomes-after-ovarian-stimulation-intrauterine-insemination-for-unexplained-infertility
#16
Aaron K Styer, Susan Jin, Dan Liu, Baisong Wang, Alex J Polotsky, Mindy S Christianson, Wendy Vitek, Lawrence Engmann, Karl Hansen, Robert Wild, Richard S Legro, Christos Coutifaris, Ruben Alvero, Randal D Robinson, Peter Casson, Gregory M Christman, Alicia Christy, Michael P Diamond, Esther Eisenberg, Heping Zhang, Nanette Santoro
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of non-cavity-distorting uterine fibroids and pregnancy outcomes after ovarian stimulation-intrauterine insemination (OS-IUI) in couples with unexplained infertility. DESIGN: Secondary analysis from a prospective, randomized, multicenter clinical trial investigating fertility outcomes after OS-IUI. SETTING: Reproductive Medicine Network clinical sites. PATIENT(S): Nine hundred couples with unexplained infertility who participated in the Assessment of Multiple Intrauterine Gestations from Ovarian Stimulation (AMIGOS) clinical trial...
January 12, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088505/gaps-in-the-public-s-knowledge-about-chronic-pain-representative-sample-of-hispanic-residents-from-five-states
#17
Barbara J Turner, Yuanyuan Liang, Natalia Rodriguez, Melissa A Valerio, Andrea Rochat, Jennifer S Potter, Paula Winkler
: Educating the general public about chronic pain and its care is a national health priority. We evaluated knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs (KAB) of a five-state, population-based sample of Hispanics aged 35-75 without chronic pain, representing over 8.8 million persons. A web-based survey assessed KAB using an adapted version of the Survey of Pain Attitudes-Brief and self-reported knowledge about chronic pain (nothing, a little, a lot). In unweighted analyses of participants (n=346), mean age was 52...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088498/vaginal-misoprostol-prior-to-intrauterine-device-insertion-in-women-delivered-only-by-elective-cesarean-section-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#18
Mohamed S Abdellah, Ahmed M Abbas, Aml M Hegazy, Ihab M El-Nashar
OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to evaluate if vaginal misoprostol (400 mcg) administered prior to intrauterine device (IUD) insertion increase the ease and success of insertion among women who had delivered only by elective Cesarean delivery (CD). STUDY DESIGN: The current study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, conducted in Assiut Women's Health Hospital, Egypt between the 1st of April 2015 and the 31st of March 2016 included women delivered only by elective CD...
January 11, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088438/a-snapshot-of-urban-adolescent-women-s-contraceptive-knowledge-at-the-onset-of-a-community-larc-promotion-initiative
#19
K B Greenberg, S C Jenks, N G Piazza, B R Malibiran, C A Aligne
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To contextualize young women's knowledge and attitudes regarding contraception at the outset of an intervention promoting long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) for teen pregnancy prevention. DESIGN: and Setting: Our intervention is based on diffusion of innovation theory, and at the outset we were interested in likely early adopters' existing knowledge and attitudes towards contraception. This mixed methods study consists of focus groups within positive youth development programs in Rochester, New York; we discussed young women's knowledge and sources of information for all FDA-approved contraceptive methods...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087799/factors-associated-with-high-risk-alcohol-consumption-among-lgb-older-adults-the-roles-of-gender-social-support-perceived-stress-discrimination-and-stigma
#20
Amanda E B Bryan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults have elevated rates of high-risk alcohol consumption compared with heterosexual adults. Although drinking tends to decline with age in the general population, we know little about LGB older adults' drinking. Using 2014 data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS), we aimed to identify factors associated with high-risk drinking in LGB older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: A U...
February 2017: Gerontologist
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