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Brassica oleracea

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645261/genome-wide-analysis-of-udp-glycosyltransferase-super-family-in-brassica-rapa-and-brassica-oleracea-reveals-its-evolutionary-history-and-functional-characterization
#1
Jingyin Yu, Fan Hu, Komivi Dossa, Zhaokai Wang, Tao Ke
BACKGROUND: Glycosyltransferases comprise a highly divergent and polyphyletic multigene family that is involved in widespread modification of plant secondary metabolites in a process called glycosylation. According to conserved domains identified in their amino acid sequences, these glycosyltransferases can be classified into a single UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT) 1 superfamily. RESULTS: We performed genome-wide comparative analysis of UGT genes to trace evolutionary history in algae, bryophytes, pteridophytes, and angiosperms; then, we further investigated the expansion mechanisms and function characterization of UGT gene families in Brassica rapa and Brassica oleracea...
June 23, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642765/genome-wide-identification-of-ap2-erf-transcription-factors-in-cauliflower-and-expression-profiling-of-the-erf-family-under-salt-and-drought-stresses
#2
Hui Li, Yu Wang, Mei Wu, Lihong Li, Cong Li, Zhanpin Han, Jiye Yuan, Chengbin Chen, Wenqin Song, Chunguo Wang
The AP2/ERF transcription factors (TFs) comprise one of the largest gene superfamilies in plants. These TFs perform vital roles in plant growth, development, and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. In this study, 171 AP2/ERF TFs were identified in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis), one of the most important horticultural crops in Brassica. Among these TFs, 15, 9, and 1 TFs were classified into the AP2, RAV, and Soloist family, respectively. The other 146 TFs belong to ERF family, which were further divided into the ERF and DREB subfamilies...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640254/reduced-brain-ucp2-expression-mediated-by-microrna-503-contributes-to-increased-stroke-susceptibility-in-the-high-salt-fed-stroke-prone-spontaneously-hypertensive-rat
#3
Speranza Rubattu, Rosita Stanzione, Franca Bianchi, Maria Cotugno, Maurizio Forte, Floriana Della Ragione, Salvatore Fioriniello, Maurizio D'Esposito, Simona Marchitti, Michele Madonna, Simona Baima, Giorgio Morelli, Sebastiano Sciarretta, Luigi Sironi, Paolo Gelosa, Massimo Volpe
UCP2 maps nearby the lod score peak of STR1-stroke QTL in the SHRSP rat strain. We explored the potential contribution of UCP2 to the high-salt diet (JD)-dependent increased stroke susceptibility of SHRSP. Male SHRSP, SHRSR, two reciprocal SHRSR/SHRSP-STR1/QTL stroke congenic lines received JD for 4 weeks to detect brain UCP2 gene/protein modulation as compared with regular diet (RD). Brains were also analyzed for NF-κB protein expression, oxidative stress level and UCP2-targeted microRNAs expression level...
June 22, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634808/mapping-of-genetic-locus-for-leaf-trichome-in-brassica-oleracea
#4
Jiaqin Mei, Jinhua Wang, Yuehua Li, Shuai Tian, Dayong Wei, Chaoguo Shao, Jun Si, Qing Xiong, Jiana Li, Wei Qian
The genetic locus for leaf trichome was identified via marker-based mapping and SNP microarray assay, and a functional marker was developed to facilitate the breeding for hairiness in Brassica oleracea. Plant trichomes are involved in various functions particularly in protecting plants against some biotic and abiotic damages. In the present study, an F2 segregating population was developed from the cross between a glabrous cultivated B. oleracea (CC, 2n = 18) and a hairy wild relative, B. incana (CC, 2n = 18)...
June 20, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602792/comparative-studies-of-al-3-ions-and-al2o3-nanoparticles-on-growth-and-metabolism-of-cabbage-seedlings
#5
Nimisha Amist, N B Singh, Kavita Yadav, S C Singh, J K Pandey
In the present study, we compared the effects of Al(3+) ions and alumina (Al2O3) nanoparticles (NPs) on growth and biochemical parameters of cabbage seedlings. The seedlings were treated with A=698.8μM Al(3+)ions and A1=101.8μM, A2=253.8μM, A3=507.7μM, A4=1.02mM, A5=2.17mM NPs of Al2O3 in 700mL Hoagland solution. The untreated seedlings were taken as control. It was observed that aluminium ions were phytotoxic and adversely affected seedling growth and biochemical parameters of the test crop with stunting of the stem growth, while lower doses of alumina NPs enhanced seedling growth, pigments, sugar and protein contents of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602662/biomethanation-macrodynamics-of-vegetable-residues-pretreated-by-low-frequency-microwave-irradiation
#6
Sanmooga Savoo, Ackmez Mudhoo
The effects of microwave irradiation on the digestibility and biogas production of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) and cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) leaves were investigated using biochemical methane potential (BMP) assays. Cow dung was utilised as inoculum. Different microwave powers (87.5, 175 and 350W) were applied in a first set of runs for 15min. The second set consisted of 20, 25 and 30min irradiation at 350W. Based on ANOVA analysis (α=0.05), biogas production was significantly higher for the irradiated substrates compared to controls...
June 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588600/date-palm-tree-phoenix-dactylifera-l-natural-products-and-therapeutic-options
#7
REVIEW
Reem A Al-Alawi, Jawhara H Al-Mashiqri, Jawaher S M Al-Nadabi, Badria I Al-Shihi, Younis Baqi
Many plants, including some of the commonly consumed herbs and spices in our daily food, can be safely and effectively used to prevent and/or treat some health concerns. For example, caffeine the active ingredient found in coffee beans (Coffea), shows biological activity in the treatment of the central nervous system (CNS) disorders, indole-3-carbinol, and 3,3'-diindolylmethane are both broccoli (Brassica oleracea) derived phytochemicals with potential anti-cancer activity, and resveratrol, isolated from grape (Vitis vinifera), is reported to extend lifespan and provide cardio-neuro-protective, anti-diabetic, and anti-cancer effects...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587228/fine-mapping-and-transcriptome-analysis-reveal-candidate-genes-associated-with-hybrid-lethality-in-cabbage-brassica-oleracea
#8
Zhiliang Xiao, Yang Hu, Xiaoli Zhang, Yuqian Xue, Zhiyuan Fang, Limei Yang, Yangyong Zhang, Yumei Liu, Zhansheng Li, Xing Liu, Zezhou Liu, Honghao Lv, Mu Zhuang
Hybrid lethality is a deleterious phenotype that is vital to species evolution. We previously reported hybrid lethality in cabbage (Brassica oleracea) and performed preliminary mapping of related genes. In the present study, the fine mapping of hybrid lethal genes revealed that BoHL1 was located on chromosome C1 between BoHLTO124 and BoHLTO130, with an interval of 101 kb. BoHL2 was confirmed to be between insertion-deletion (InDels) markers HL234 and HL235 on C4, with a marker interval of 70 kb. Twenty-eight and nine annotated genes were found within the two intervals of BoHL1 and BoHL2, respectively...
June 5, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584277/analysis-of-aquaporins-in-brassicaceae-species-reveals-high-level-of-conservation-and-dynamic-role-against-biotic-and-abiotic-stress-in-canola
#9
Humira Sonah, Rupesh K Deshmukh, Caroline Labbé, Richard R Bélanger
Aquaporins (AQPs) are of vital importance in the cellular transport system of all living organisms. In this study, genome-wide identification, distribution, and characterization of AQPs were determined in Arabidopsis lyrata, Capsella grandiflora, C. rubella, Eutrema salsugineum, Brassica rapa, B. oleracea, and B. napus (canola). Classification and phylogeny of AQPs revealed the loss of XIPs and NIP-IIIs in all species. Characterization of distinctive AQP features showed a high level of conservation in spacing between NPA-domains, and selectivity filters...
June 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571580/exposure-to-trace-amounts-of-sulfonylurea-herbicide-tribenuron-methyl-causes-male-sterility-in-17-species-or-subspecies-of-cruciferous-plants
#10
Cheng-Yu Yu, Jun-Gang Dong, Sheng-Wu Hu, Ai-Xia Xu
BACKGROUND: For most cruciferous plants, which are known as important crops and a number of weeds, hybrid breeding is hampered by the unavailability of a pollination control system. Male sterility induced by a gametocide can be useful for the utilization of plant heterosis. RESULTS: The gametocidal effect of sulfonylurea herbicide tribenuron-methyl was tested across seventeen cruciferous species or subspecies including Brassica juncea, B. carinata, B. oleracea ssp...
June 1, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524727/e-cadherin-%C3%AE-catenin-complex-a-target-for-anticancer-and-antimetastasis-plants-plant-derived-compounds
#11
Majid Tafrihi, Roohollah Nakhaei Sistani
Plants reputed to have cancer-inhibiting potential and putative active components derived from those plants have emerged as an exciting new field in cancer study. Some of these compounds have cancer-inhibiting potential in different clinical staging levels, especially metastasis. A few of them which stabilize cell-cell adhesions are controversial topics. This review article introduces some effective herbal compounds that target E-cadherin/β-catenin protein complex. In this article, at first, we briefly review the structure and function of E-cadherin and β-catenin proteins, Wnt signaling pathway, and its target genes...
May 19, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505203/cytological-and-morphological-analysis-of-hybrids-between-brassicoraphanus-and-brassica-napus-for-introgression-of-clubroot-resistant-trait-into-brassica-napus-l
#12
Zongxiang Zhan, Chinedu Charles Nwafor, Zhaoke Hou, Jianfang Gong, Bin Zhu, Yingfen Jiang, Yongming Zhou, Jiangsheng Wu, Zhongyun Piao, Yue Tong, Chao Liu, Chunyu Zhang
Interspecific hybridization is a powerful tool for improvement of crop species, it has the potential to broaden the genetic base and create new plant forms for breeding programs. Synthetic allopolyploid is a widely-used model for the study of genetic recombination and fixed heterosis in Brassica. In Brassica napus breeding, identification and introgression of new sources of clubroot resistance trait from wild or related species into it by hybridization is a long-term crop management strategy for clubroot disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490075/development-of-a-near-infrared-spectroscopy-method-nirs-for-fast-analysis-of-total-indolic-aliphatic-and-individual-glucosinolates-in-new-bred-open-pollinating-genotypes-of-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-convar-botrytis-var-italica
#13
Samira Sahamishirazi, Sabine Zikeli, Michael Fleck, Wilhelm Claupein, Simone Graeff-Hoenninger
This study describes the development of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) calibration to determine individual and total glucosinolates (GSLs) content of 12 new-bred open-pollinating genotypes of broccoli (Brassica oleracea convar. botrytis var. italica). Six individual GSLs were identified using high-performance-liquid chromatography (HPLC). The NIRS calibration was established based on modified partial least squares regression with reference values of HPLC. The calibration was analyzed using coefficient of determination in prediction (R(2)) and ratio of preference of determination (RPD)...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474472/analysis-of-brassica-oleracea-early-stage-abiotic-stress-responses-reveals-tolerance-in-multiple-crop-types-and-for-multiple-sources-of-stress
#14
Andrew M Beacham, Paul Hand, David A C Pink, James M Monaghan
BACKGROUND: Brassica oleracea includes a number of important crop types such as cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli and kale. Current climate conditions and weather patterns are causing significant losses in these crops, meaning that new cultivars with improved tolerance of one or more abiotic stress types must be sought. We assayed genetically fixed B. oleracea lines belonging to a Diversity Fixed Foundation Set (DFFS) for their response to seedling stage-imposed drought, flood, salinity, heat and cold stress...
May 5, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471538/differential-accumulation-of-xanthomonas-campestris-pv-campestris-proteins-during-the-interaction-with-the-host-plant-contributions-of-an-in-vivo-system
#15
Cristiane Santos, Mariana Rocha Maximiano, Daiane G Ribeiro, Osmundo B Oliveira-Neto, André M Murad, Octávio L Franco, Angela Mehta
Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) is the causal agent of black rot, a highly destructive disease that affects all brassicas. This work aimed to study the interaction Xcc-Brassica oleracea using an in vivo system in an attempt to identify proteins involved in pathogenicity. We used label-free shotgun 2D-nanoUPLC/MS(E) to analyze Xcc proteins in three conditions: in the interaction with susceptible (REK) and resistant (REU) plants and in culture medium (control condition). A model of Xcc-susceptible host interaction is proposed and shows that Xcc increases the abundance of several crucial proteins for infection and cell protection...
May 4, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463566/influence-of-groundwater-and-wastewater-irrigation-on-lead-accumulation-in-soil-and-vegetables-implications-for-health-risk-assessment-and-phytoremediation
#16
Sana Khalid, Muhammad Shahid, Camille Dumat, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Irshad Bibi, Hafiz Faiq Sidique Gul Bakhat, Ghulam Abbas, Behzad Murtaza, Hafiz Muhammad Rashid Javeed
The current study evaluated the effect of groundwater and wastewater irrigation on lead (Pb) accumulation in soil and vegetables, and its associated health implications. A pot experiment was conducted in which spinach (Spinacia oleracea), radish (Raphanus sativus) and cauliflower (Brassica oleracea) were irrigated with groundwater and wastewaters containing varying concentrations of Pb. Lead contents were measured in wastewaters, soils and root and shoot of vegetables. We also measured health risk index (HRI) associated with the use of vegetables irrigated by wastewaters...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462492/interaction-of-silver-and-gold-nanoparticles-in-mammalian-cancer-as-real-topical-bullet-for-wound-healing-a-comparative-study
#17
Allur Subramaniyan Sivakumar, Chandran Krishnaraj, Sunirmal Sheet, Dileep Reddy Rampa, Da Rae Kang, Shah Ahmed Belal, Abhay Kumar, In Ho Hwang, Soon-Il Yun, Yang Soo Lee, Kwan Seob Shim
The present study evaluates in vitro cytotoxic effects and the mode of interaction of biologically synthesized Ag and Au nanoparticles (NPs) using Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata f. rubra (BOL) against HT-1080 cancer cells and bacterial cells as well as their wound healing efficacy using a mouse model. UV-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis have ascertained the formation of nano-sized Ag and Au particles...
May 1, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461269/machine-learning-techniques-for-predicting-crop-photosynthetic-capacity-from-leaf-reflectance-spectra
#18
David Heckmann, Urte Schlüter, Andreas P M Weber
Harnessing natural variation in photosynthetic capacity is a promising route toward yield increases, but physiological phenotyping is still too laborious for large-scale genetic screens. Here, we evaluate the potential of leaf reflectance spectroscopy to predict parameters of photosynthetic capacity in Brassica oleracea and Zea mays, a C3 and a C4 crop, respectively. To this end, we systematically evaluated properties of reflectance spectra and found that they are surprisingly similar over a wide range of species...
June 5, 2017: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450774/combined-effects-of-medicinal-plants-on-induced-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-injury-in-wistar-rats
#19
Frederick Akinbo, Gerald Eze
BACKGROUND: Herbal medicines are now recently used as treatment options. This study was conducted to determine the effect of the combination therapy of medicinal herbs in the treatment of induced gastrointestinal injury among albino wistar rats. METHODS: A total of 60 Albino Wistar rats of both sexes weighing between 130g-150g were used. The control groups which consisted of negative control groups received 1ml of normal saline while the positive control group was given 20mg/kg of indomethacin and sacrificed after 6 hours...
November 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444378/how-efficient-is-apis-cerana-hymenoptera-apidae-in-pollinating-cabbage-brassica-oleracea-var-capitata-pollination-behavior-pollinator-effectiveness-pollinator-requirement-and-impact-of-pollination
#20
Johnson Stanley, Khushboo Sah, Avupati Rns Subbanna, G Preetha, JaiPrakash Gupta
Cabbage is a cross-pollinated crop because of sporophytic self-incompatibility, and honey bees play an important role in its pollination. Though Asian honey bees, Apis cerana F., are used in pollination of cabbage, the rate of visitation, behavior, pollinator efficacy, and impact on seed-set are to be determined. Apis cerana occupy a share of 19.18% of all the flower visitors of cabbage in natural habitat of North Western Indian Himalayas. Pollination behavior in terms of peak activity, flowers processed per unit time, time spent per flower, and time spent in search of flowers are studied separately for both pollen and nectar foragers...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
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