keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Brassica oleracea

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214935/promotive-role-of-5-aminolevulinic-acid-on-chromium-induced-morphological-photosynthetic-and-oxidative-changes-in-cauliflower-brassica-oleracea-botrytis-l
#1
Rehan Ahmad, Shafaqat Ali, Fakhir Hannan, Muhammad Rizwan, Muhammad Iqbal, Zaidul Hassan, Nudrat Aisha Akram, Saliha Maqbool, Farhat Abbas
Chromium (Cr) is among the most toxic pollutants in the environment that adversely affect the living organisms and physiological processes in different plants. The present study investigated the effect of 15 mg L(-1) of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) on morpho-physiological attributes of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea botrytis L.) under different Cr concentrations (0, 10, 100, and 200 μM) in the growth medium. The results showed that Cr stress decreased the growth, biomass, photosynthetic, and gas exchange parameters...
February 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210266/a-phylogenetic-analysis-of-chloroplast-genomes-elucidates-the-relationships-of-the-six-economically-important-brassica-species-comprising-the-triangle-of-u
#2
Peirong Li, Shujiang Zhang, Fei Li, Shifan Zhang, Hui Zhang, Xiaowu Wang, Rifei Sun, Guusje Bonnema, Theo J A Borm
The Brassica genus comprises many economically important worldwide cultivated crops. The well-established model of the Brassica genus, U's triangle, consists of three basic diploid plant species (Brassica rapa, Brassica oleracea, and Brassica nigra) and three amphidiploid species (Brassica napus, Brassica juncea, and Brassica carinata) that arose through interspecific hybridizations. Despite being extensively studied because of its commercial relevance, several aspects of the origin of the Brassica species and the relationships within and among these six species still remain open questions...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208739/a-guide-to-the-variability-of-flavonoids-in-brassica-oleracea
#3
REVIEW
Vera Mageney, Susanne Neugart, Dirk C Albach
Flavonoids represent a typical secondary metabolite class present in cruciferous vegetables. Their potential as natural antioxidants has raised considerable scientific interest. Impacts on the human body after food consumption as well as their effect as pharmaceutical supplements are therefore under investigation. Their numerous physiological functions make them a promising tool for breeding purposes. General methods for flavonoid analysis are well established, though new compounds are still being identified...
February 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164997/genome-wide-indel-ssr-scanning-reveals-significant-loci-associated-with-excellent-agronomic-traits-of-a-cabbage-brassica-oleracea-elite-parental-line-01-20
#4
Honghao Lv, Qingbiao Wang, Fengqing Han, Xing Liu, Zhiyuan Fang, Limei Yang, Mu Zhuang, Yumei Liu, Zhansheng Li, Yangyong Zhang
Elite parental lines are of great significance to crop breeding. To discover unique genomic loci associated with excellent economic traits in the elite cabbage inbred-line '01-20', we performed comparisons of phenotypes as well as whole-genome insertion-deletion/simple sequence repeat loci between '01-20' and each of its five sister lines. '01-20' has a range of excellent agronomic traits, including early-maturing, and improvements in plant type and leaf colour. Eight unique loci were discovered for '01-20' and '01-07-258', another elite line similar to '01-20' at the whole-genome level...
February 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107794/a-study-on-the-gc-ms-analysis-of-bioactive-components-and-pancreato-protective-effect-of-methanolic-extract-of-brassica-oleracea-l-var-botrytis
#5
Sadanandan Rajapriya, Arumugam Geetha, Kavasseri Ganesan Kripa
The ever-increasing problem of pancreatitis due to alcohol abuse demands evaluation of novel drugs of plant origin. This study explores the therapeutic effects of the methanolic extract of Brassica oleraceae (MEBO) on ethanol and cerulein induced pancreatitis in rats. The MEBO was subjected to GC-MS and HPLC analysis. Male albino Wistar rats were divided into various groups, fed with alcohol (36% of total calories for 5 weeks) and cerulein (20 μg/kg b.wt i.p, weekly thrice for last three weeks) with or without MEBO (40 mg/kg b...
January 20, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094342/optimizing-isothiocyanate-formation-during-enzymatic-glucosinolate-breakdown-by-adjusting-ph-value-temperature-and-dilution-in-brassica-vegetables-and-arabidopsis-thaliana
#6
Franziska S Hanschen, Rebecca Klopsch, Teresa Oliviero, Monika Schreiner, Ruud Verkerk, Matthijs Dekker
Consumption of glucosinolate-rich Brassicales vegetables is associated with a decreased risk of cancer with enzymatic hydrolysis of glucosinolates playing a key role. However, formation of health-promoting isothiocyanates is inhibited by the epithiospecifier protein in favour of nitriles and epithionitriles. Domestic processing conditions, such as changes in pH value, temperature or dilution, might also affect isothiocyanate formation. Therefore, the influences of these three factors were evaluated in accessions of Brassica rapa, Brassica oleracea, and Arabidopsis thaliana...
January 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026010/temperature-and-light-conditions-at-different-latitudes-affect-sensory-quality-of-broccoli-florets-brassica-oleracea-l-var-italica
#7
Tor J Johansen, Jørgen Ab Mølmann, Gunnar B Bengtsson, Monica Schreiner, Pablo Velasco, Anne L Hykkerud, Elena Cartea, Per Lea, Josefine Skaret, Randi Seljåsen
BACKGROUND: Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica) is a popular vegetable grown at a wide range of latitudes. Plants were grown in 2009-2011 in pots with standardized soil, irrigation and nutrient supply at natural temperature and light conditions at four locations (42-70 °N). A descriptive sensory analysis of broccoli florets was performed by a trained panel to examine any differences along the latitudinal gradient for 30 attributes within appearance, odour, taste/flavour and texture...
December 27, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011683/larval-performance-and-adult-attraction-of-delia-platura-diptera-anthomyiidae-in-a-native-and-an-introduced-crop
#8
Patricia C Guerra, Clifford B Keil, Philip C Stevenson, Diego Mina, Servio Samaniego, Eduardo Peralta, Nelson Mazon, Timothy C B Chancellor
Delia platura Meigen is an important pest in crops around the world. Its host range includes almost 50 species, and it can develop in soil organic matter. In Ecuador, D. platura is a serious problem for the crop, Lupinus mutabilis Sweet (Chocho), and it also attacks broccoli (Brassica oleracea L.). After broccoli is harvested, crop residue is mixed with soil or collected and stored close to Chocho fields. The objectives of this study were to determine the adaptive responses of larvae reared on different hosts and whether D...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999578/genome-wide-survey-of-flavonoid-biosynthesis-genes-and-gene-expression-analysis-between-black-and-yellow-seeded-brassica-napus
#9
Cunmin Qu, Huiyan Zhao, Fuyou Fu, Zhen Wang, Kai Zhang, Yan Zhou, Xin Wang, Rui Wang, Xinfu Xu, Zhanglin Tang, Kun Lu, Jia-Na Li
Flavonoids, the compounds that impart color to fruits, flowers, and seeds, are the most widespread secondary metabolites in plants. However, a systematic analysis of these loci has not been performed in Brassicaceae. In this study, we isolated 649 nucleotide sequences related to flavonoid biosynthesis, i.e., the Transparent Testa (TT) genes, and their associated amino acid sequences in 17 Brassicaceae species, grouped into Arabidopsis or Brassicaceae subgroups. Moreover, 36 copies of 21 genes of the flavonoid biosynthesis pathway were identified in Arabidopsis thaliana, 53 were identified in Brassica rapa, 50 in Brassica oleracea, and 95 in B...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996963/genome-resequencing-and-comparative-variome-analysis-in-a-brassica-rapa-and-brassica-oleracea-collection
#10
Feng Cheng, Jian Wu, Chengcheng Cai, Lixia Fu, Jianli Liang, Theo Borm, Mu Zhuang, Yangyong Zhang, Fenglan Zhang, Guusje Bonnema, Xiaowu Wang
The closely related species Brassica rapa and B. oleracea encompass a wide range of vegetable, fodder and oil crops. The release of their reference genomes has facilitated resequencing collections of B. rapa and B. oleracea aiming to build their variome datasets. These data can be used to investigate the evolutionary relationships between and within the different species and the domestication of the crops, hereafter named morphotypes. These data can also be used in genetic studies aiming at the identification of genes that influence agronomic traits...
December 20, 2016: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992213/proposed-method-for-estimating-health-promoting-glucosinolates-and-hydrolysis-products-in-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-var-italica-using-relative-transcript-abundance
#11
Talon M Becker, Elizabeth H Jeffery, John A Juvik
Due to the importance of glucosinolates and their hydrolysis products in human nutrition and plant defense, optimizing the content of these compounds is a frequent breeding objective for Brassica crops. Toward this goal, we investigated the feasibility of using models built from relative transcript abundance data for the prediction of glucosinolate and hydrolysis product concentrations in broccoli. We report that predictive models explaining at least 50% of the variation for a number of glucosinolates and their hydrolysis products can be built for prediction within the same season, but prediction accuracy decreased when using models built from one season's data for prediction of an opposing season...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964787/curd-development-associated-gene-cdag1-in-cauliflower-brassica-oleracea-l-var-botrytis-could-result-in-enlarged-organ-size-and-increased-biomass
#12
Hui Li, Qian Liu, Qingli Zhang, Erjun Qin, Chuan Jin, Yu Wang, Mei Wu, Guangshuang Shen, Chengbin Chen, Wenqin Song, Chunguo Wang
The curd is a specialized organ and the most important product organ of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis). However, the mechanism underlying the regulation of curd formation and development remains largely unknown. In the present study, a novel homologous gene containing the Organ Size Related (OSR) domain, namely, CDAG1 (Curd Development Associated Gene 1) was identified in cauliflower. Quantitative analysis indicated that CDAG1 showed significantly higher transcript levels in young tissues...
January 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940345/characterization-of-s-nitrosoglutathione-reductase-from-brassica-and-lactuca-spp-and-its-modulation-during-plant-development
#13
Tereza Tichá, Lucie Činčalová, David Kopečný, Michaela Sedlářová, Martina Kopečná, Lenka Luhová, Marek Petřivalský
Cellular homeostasis of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO), a major cache of nitric oxide bioactivity in plants, is controlled by the NADH-dependent S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR) belonging to the family of class III alcohol dehydrogenases (EC 1.1.1.1). GSNOR is a key regulator of S-nitrosothiol metabolism and is involved in plant responses to abiotic and biotic stresses. This study was focused on GSNOR from two important crop plants, cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis, BoGSNOR) and lettuce (Lactuca sativa, LsGSNOR)...
December 8, 2016: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939659/lead-and-cadmium-contamination-and-exposure-risk-assessment-via-consumption-of-vegetables-grown-in-agricultural-soils-of-five-selected-regions-of-pakistan
#14
Zahir Ur Rehman, Sardar Khan, Mark L Brusseau, Mohammad Tahir Shah
Rapid urbanization and industrialization result in serious contamination of soil with toxic metals such as lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd), which can lead to deleterious health impacts in the exposed population. This study aimed to investigate Pb and Cd contamination in agricultural soils and vegetables in five different agricultural sites in Pakistan. The metal transfer from soil-to-plant, average daily intake of metals, and health risk index (HRI) were also characterized. The Pb concentrations for all soils were below the maximum allowable limits (MAL 350 mg kg(-1)) set by State Environmental Protection Administration of China (SEPA), for soils in China, while Cd concentrations in the soils were exceeded the MAL (61...
February 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927070/evaluation-of-antioxidant-and-hepatoprotective-effects-of-white-cabbage-essential-oil
#15
Javier Morales-López, Mónica Centeno-Álvarez, Antonio Nieto-Camacho, Mercedes G López, Elizabeth Pérez-Hernández, Nury Pérez-Hernández, Eduardo Fernández-Martínez
CONTEXT: There have been no reports of the extraction of essential oil (EO) from white cabbage [Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata (L.) Alef. f. alba DC. (Brassicaceae)] (Bocfal) or its chemical composition, antioxidant activity, or hepatoprotective effects. OBJECTIVE: To extract Bocfal EO, to identify and quantify its chemical components, to assess their antioxidant capacity, and to evaluate the hepatoprotective properties of Bocfal EO. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bocfal EO was obtained using hydrodistillation (200 mm Hg/58 °C)...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900399/quantitative-trait-loci-mapping-of-heat-tolerance-in-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-var-italica-using-genotyping-by-sequencing
#16
Sandra E Branham, Zachary J Stansell, David M Couillard, Mark W Farnham
Five quantitative trait loci and one epistatic interaction were associated with heat tolerance in a doubled haploid population of broccoli evaluated in three summer field trials. Predicted rising global temperatures due to climate change have generated a demand for crops that are resistant to yield and quality losses from heat stress. Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) is a cool weather crop with high temperatures during production decreasing both head quality and yield. Breeding for heat tolerance in broccoli has potential to both expand viable production areas and extend the growing season but breeding efficiency is constrained by limited genetic information...
November 29, 2016: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882216/intake-of-kale-suppresses-postprandial-increases-in-plasma-glucose-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-study
#17
Sumio Kondo, Asahi Suzuki, Mihoko Kurokawa, Keiji Hasumi
Kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala), a vegetable in the family Brassicaceae, has beneficial effects on health, including hypoglycemic effects. In our previous study with a limited number of subjects, intake of kale-containing food at a dose of 14 g decreased postprandial plasma glucose levels. In the present study, the effective dose of kale-containing food was investigated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. The trial was conducted on 42 Japanese subjects aged 21-64 years with fasting plasma glucose levels of ≤125 mg/dl and 30-min postprandial plasma glucose levels of 140-187 mg/dl...
November 2016: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856916/homologues-of-the-rpw8-resistance-protein-are-localized-to-the-extrahaustorial-membrane-that-is-likely-synthesized-de-novo
#18
Robert Berkey, Yi Zhang, Xianfeng Ma, Harlan King, Qiong Zhang, Wenming Wang, Shunyuan Xiao
Upon penetration of the host cell wall, the powdery mildew fungus develops a feeding structure named the haustorium in the invaded host cell. Concomitant with haustorial biogenesis, the extrahaustorial membrane (EHM) is formed to separate the haustorium from the host cell cytoplasm. The Arabidopsis resistance protein RPW8.2 is specifically targeted to the EHM where it activates haustorium-targeted resistance against powdery mildew. RPW8.2 belongs to a small family with six members in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana)...
January 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842814/development-of-a-colorimetric-ph-indicator-based-on-bacterial-cellulose-nanofibers-and-red-cabbage-brassica-oleraceae-extract
#19
Simin Pourjavaher, Hadi Almasi, Saeed Meshkini, Sajad Pirsa, Ehsan Parandi
This work aimed to develop and characterize a smart label for pH monitoring based on bacterial cellulose (BC) nanofibers doped with anthocyanins extracted from red cabbage (Brassica oleracea). The relationship between the concentration of anthocyanins (32 and 193mgL(-1)) and the morphological properties and color response efficiency of pH indicator labels was investigated. The FT-IR results reflected that some new interactions have occurred between BC membrane and anthocyanins. The XRD analyses showed a decrease in diffraction intensities of BC by addition of concentrated form of anthocyanins...
January 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835767/improving-respiration-measurements-with-gas-exchange-analyzers
#20
R Montero, M Ribas-Carbó, N F Del Saz, H El Aou-Ouad, J A Berry, J Flexas, J Bota
Dark respiration measurements with open-flow gas exchange analyzers are often questioned for their low accuracy as their low values often reach the precision limit of the instrument. Respiration was measured in five species, two hypostomatous (Vitis Vinifera L. and Acanthus mollis) and three amphistomatous, one with similar amount of stomata in both sides (Eucalyptus citriodora) and two with different stomata density (Brassica oleracea and Vicia faba). CO2 differential (ΔCO2) increased two-fold with no change in apparent Rd, when the two leaves with higher stomatal density faced outside...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
keyword
keyword
90473
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"