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Brassica oleracea

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524727/e-cadherin-%C3%AE-catenin-complex-a-target-for-anticancer-and-antimetastasis-plants-plant-derived-compounds
#1
Majid Tafrihi, Roohollah Nakhaei Sistani
Plants reputed to have cancer-inhibiting potential and putative active components derived from those plants have emerged as an exciting new field in cancer study. Some of these compounds have cancer-inhibiting potential in different clinical staging levels, especially metastasis. A few of them which stabilize cell-cell adhesions are controversial topics. This review article introduces some effective herbal compounds that target E-cadherin/β-catenin protein complex. In this article, at first, we briefly review the structure and function of E-cadherin and β-catenin proteins, Wnt signaling pathway, and its target genes...
May 19, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505203/cytological-and-morphological-analysis-of-hybrids-between-brassicoraphanus-and-brassica-napus-for-introgression-of-clubroot-resistant-trait-into-brassica-napus-l
#2
Zongxiang Zhan, Chinedu Charles Nwafor, Zhaoke Hou, Jianfang Gong, Bin Zhu, Yingfen Jiang, Yongming Zhou, Jiangsheng Wu, Zhongyun Piao, Yue Tong, Chao Liu, Chunyu Zhang
Interspecific hybridization is a powerful tool for improvement of crop species, it has the potential to broaden the genetic base and create new plant forms for breeding programs. Synthetic allopolyploid is a widely-used model for the study of genetic recombination and fixed heterosis in Brassica. In Brassica napus breeding, identification and introgression of new sources of clubroot resistance trait from wild or related species into it by hybridization is a long-term crop management strategy for clubroot disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490075/development-of-a-near-infrared-spectroscopy-method-nirs-for-fast-analysis-of-total-indolic-aliphatic-and-individual-glucosinolates-in-new-bred-open-pollinating-genotypes-of-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-convar-botrytis-var-italica
#3
Samira Sahamishirazi, Sabine Zikeli, Michael Fleck, Wilhelm Claupein, Simone Graeff-Hoenninger
This study describes the development of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) calibration to determine individual and total glucosinolates (GSLs) content of 12 new-bred open-pollinating genotypes of broccoli (Brassica oleracea convar. botrytis var. italica). Six individual GSLs were identified using high-performance-liquid chromatography (HPLC). The NIRS calibration was established based on modified partial least squares regression with reference values of HPLC. The calibration was analyzed using coefficient of determination in prediction (R(2)) and ratio of preference of determination (RPD)...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474472/analysis-of-brassica-oleracea-early-stage-abiotic-stress-responses-reveals-tolerance-in-multiple-crop-types-and-for-multiple-sources-of-stress
#4
Andrew M Beacham, Paul Hand, David A C Pink, James M Monaghan
BACKGROUND: Brassica oleracea includes a number of important crop types such as cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli and kale. Current climate conditions and weather patterns are causing significant losses in these crops, meaning that new cultivars with improved tolerance of one or more abiotic stress types must be sought. We assayed genetically fixed B. oleracea lines belonging to a Diversity Fixed Foundation Set (DFFS) for their response to seedling stage-imposed drought, flood, salinity, heat and cold stress...
May 5, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471538/differential-accumulation-of-xanthomonas-campestris-pv-campestris-proteins-during-the-interaction-with-the-host-plant-contributions-of-an-in-vivo-system
#5
Cristiane Santos, Mariana Rocha Maximiano, Daiane G Ribeiro, Osmundo B Oliveira-Neto, André M Murad, Octávio L Franco, Angela Mehta
Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) is the causal agent of black rot, a highly destructive disease that affects all brassicas. This work aimed to study the interaction Xcc-Brassica oleracea using an in vivo system in an attempt to identify proteins involved in pathogenicity. We used label-free shotgun 2D-nanoUPLC/MS(E) to analyze Xcc proteins in three conditions: in the interaction with susceptible (REK) and resistant (REU) plants and in culture medium (control condition). A model of Xcc-susceptible host interaction is proposed and shows that Xcc increases the abundance of several crucial proteins for infection and cell protection...
May 4, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463566/influence-of-groundwater-and-wastewater-irrigation-on-lead-accumulation-in-soil-and-vegetables-implications-for-health-risk-assessment-and-phytoremediation
#6
Sana Khalid, Muhammad Shahid, Camille Dumat, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Irshad Bibi, Hafiz Faiq Sidique Gul Bakhat, Ghulam Abbas, Behzad Murtaza, Hafiz Muhammad Rashid Javeed
The current study evaluated the effect of groundwater and wastewater irrigation on lead (Pb) accumulation in soil and vegetables, and its associated health implications. A pot experiment was conducted in which spinach (Spinacia oleracea), radish (Raphanus sativus) and cauliflower (Brassica oleracea) were irrigated with groundwater and wastewaters containing varying concentrations of Pb. Lead contents were measured in wastewaters, soils and root and shoot of vegetables. We also measured health risk index (HRI) associated with the use of vegetables irrigated by wastewaters...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462492/interaction-of-silver-and-gold-nanoparticles-in-mammalian-cancer-as-real-topical-bullet-for-wound-healing-a-comparative-study
#7
Allur Subramaniyan Sivakumar, Chandran Krishnaraj, Sunirmal Sheet, Dileep Reddy Rampa, Da Rae Kang, Shah Ahmed Belal, Abhay Kumar, In Ho Hwang, Soon-Il Yun, Yang Soo Lee, Kwan Seob Shim
The present study evaluates in vitro cytotoxic effects and the mode of interaction of biologically synthesized Ag and Au nanoparticles (NPs) using Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata f. rubra (BOL) against HT-1080 cancer cells and bacterial cells as well as their wound healing efficacy using a mouse model. UV-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis have ascertained the formation of nano-sized Ag and Au particles...
May 1, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461269/machine-learning-techniques-for-predicting-crop-photosynthetic-capacity-from-leaf-reflectance-spectra
#8
David Heckmann, Urte Schlüter, Andreas P M Weber
Harnessing natural variation in photosynthetic capacity is a promising route towards yield increases, but physiological phenotyping is still too laborious for large scale genetic screens. Here, we evaluate the potential of leaf reflectance spectroscopy to predict parameters of photosynthetic capacity in Brassica oleracea and Zea mays, a C3 and a C4 crop, respectively. To this end we systematically evaluate properties of reflectance spectra and find that they are surprisingly similar over a wide range of species...
April 28, 2017: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450774/combined-effects-of-medicinal-plants-on-induced-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-injury-in-wistar-rats
#9
Frederick Akinbo, Gerald Eze
BACKGROUND: Herbal medicines are now recently used as treatment options. This study was conducted to determine the effect of the combination therapy of medicinal herbs in the treatment of induced gastrointestinal injury among albino wistar rats. METHODS: A total of 60 Albino Wistar rats of both sexes weighing between 130g-150g were used. The control groups which consisted of negative control groups received 1ml of normal saline while the positive control group was given 20mg/kg of indomethacin and sacrificed after 6 hours...
November 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444378/how-efficient-is-apis-cerana-hymenoptera-apidae-in-pollinating-cabbage-brassica-oleracea-var-capitata-pollination-behavior-pollinator-effectiveness-pollinator-requirement-and-impact-of-pollination
#10
Johnson Stanley, Khushboo Sah, Avupati Rns Subbanna, G Preetha, JaiPrakash Gupta
Cabbage is a cross-pollinated crop because of sporophytic self-incompatibility, and honey bees play an important role in its pollination. Though Asian honey bees, Apis cerana F., are used in pollination of cabbage, the rate of visitation, behavior, pollinator efficacy, and impact on seed-set are to be determined. Apis cerana occupy a share of 19.18% of all the flower visitors of cabbage in natural habitat of North Western Indian Himalayas. Pollination behavior in terms of peak activity, flowers processed per unit time, time spent per flower, and time spent in search of flowers are studied separately for both pollen and nectar foragers...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426736/lacanobia-oleracea-nucleopolyhedrovirus-laolnpv-a-new-european-species-of-alphabaculovirus-with-a-narrow-host-range
#11
Oihane Simón, Martin A Erlandson, Marie Frayssinet, Trevor Williams, David A Theilmann, Anne-Nathalie Volkoff, Primitivo Caballero
During an insect sampling program in alfalfa crops near Montpellier, France in 2011, Lacanobia oleracea larvae were collected that died due to nucleopolyhedrovirus infection (LaolNPV). This virus was subjected to molecular and biological characterization. The virus was a multiple nucleocapsid NPV that showed similar restriction profiles to Mamestra configurata NPV-A (MacoNPV-A) but with significant differences. Polypeptide analysis demonstrated similar proteins in occlusion bodies and occlusion derived virions, to those observed in NPVs from Mamestra spp...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419960/preferentially-enhancing-anti-cancer-isothiocyanates-over-glucosinolates-in-broccoli-sprouts-how-nacl-and-salicylic-acid-affect-their-formation
#12
Azadeh Esfandiari, Ali Saei, Marian J McKenzie, Adam J Matich, Mesbah Babalar, Donald A Hunter
Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica) sprouts contain glucosinolates (GLs) that when hydrolysed yield health promoting isothiocyanates such as sulforaphane (SF). SF content can be increased by salt (NaCl) stress, although high salt concentrations negatively impact plant growth. Salicylic acid (SA) treatments can attenuate the negative effects of salt on growth. To test whether sprout isothiocyanate content could be elevated without sprout growth being compromised, broccoli seed were germinated and grown for seven days in salt (0, 80 and 160 mM) alone and in combination with 100 μM SA...
April 7, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411489/kale-borack1-is-involved-in-the-plant-response-to-salt-stress-and-peronospora-brassicae-gaumann
#13
Da-Hong Li, Fu-Jia Shen, Hong-Yan Li, Wei Li
The receptor for activated C kinase 1 (RACK1) belongs to a protein subfamily containing a tryptophan-aspartic acid-domain (WD) repeat structure. Compelling evidence indicates that RACK1 can interact with many signal molecules and affect different signal transduction pathways. In this study, a kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala f.tricolor) RACK1 gene (BoRACK1) was cloned by RT-PCR. The amino acid sequence of BoRACK1 had seven WD repeats in which there were typical GH (glycine-histidine) and WD dipeptides...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408678/draft-genome-sequence-of-a-kale-brassica-oleracea-l-root-endophyte-pseudomonas-sp-strain-c9
#14
Aurelie Laugraud, Sandra Young, Emily Gerard, Maureen O'Callaghan, Steven Wakelin
Pseudomonas sp. strain C9 is a plant growth-promoting bacterium isolated from the root tissue of Brassica oleracea L. grown in soil from Marlborough, New Zealand. Its draft genome of 6,350,161 bp contains genes associated with plant growth promotion and biological control.
April 13, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407911/characterization-of-phenolics-glucosinolates-and-antioxidant-activity-of-beverages-based-on-apple-juice-with-addition-of-frozen-and-freeze-dried-curly-kale-leaves-brassica-oleracea-l-var-acephala-l
#15
Róża Biegańska-Marecik, Elżbieta Radziejewska-Kubzdela, Roman Marecik
The aim of this study was to determine the polyphenols, glucosinolates and ascorbic acid content as well as antioxidant activity of beverages on the base of apple juice with addition of frozen and freeze-dried curly kale leaves. Upon enrichment with frozen (13%) and freeze-dried curly kale (3%), the naturally cloudy apple juice was characterized by an increase in phenolic compounds by 2.7 and 3.3-times, accordingly. The antioxidant activity of beverages with the addition of curly kale ranged from 6.6 to 9.4μmol Trolox/mL...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405915/does-aphid-infestation-interfere-with-indirect-plant-defense-against-lepidopteran-caterpillars-in-wild-cabbage
#16
Yehua Li, Berhane T Weldegergis, Surachet Chamontri, Marcel Dicke, Rieta Gols
Attraction of parasitoids to plant volatiles induced by multiple herbivory depends on the specific combinations of attacking herbivore species, especially when their feeding modes activate different defense signalling pathways as has been reported for phloem feeding aphids and tissue feeding caterpillars. We studied the effects of pre-infestation with non-host aphids (Brevicoryne brassicae) for two different time periods on the ability of two parasitoid species to discriminate between volatiles emitted by plants infested by host caterpillars alone and those emitted by plants infested with host caterpillars plus aphids...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405714/recessive-male-sterility-in-cabbage-brassica-oleracea-var-capitata-caused-by-loss-of-function-of-bocyp704b1-due-to-the-insertion-of-a-ltr-retrotransposon
#17
Jia-Lei Ji, Li-Mei Yang, Zhi-Yuan Fang, Mu Zhuang, Yang-Yong Zhang, Hong-Hao Lv, Yu-Mei Liu, Zhan-Sheng Li
The LTR-retrotransposon insertion in BoCYP704B1 is proved to be the primary cause of the male sterility in cabbage. Effective allele-specific markers were developed for marker-assisted selection of male sterile gene. 83121A is a spontaneous male sterile mutant identified from cabbage. Genetic analysis indicated that male sterility is controlled by a single recessive gene. Pollen wall formation in the 83121A mutant was severely defective, with a lack of sporopollenin or exine. To understand the mechanisms of male sterility in 83121A, transcription analysis using RNA-Seq was carried out in the buds of the male sterile line 83121A and the male fertile line 83121B, which are near-isogenic lines differing only in the fertility trait...
April 12, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392797/small-rna-sequencing-reveals-differential-mirna-expression-in-the-early-development-of-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-var-italica-pollen
#18
Hui Li, Yu Wang, Mei Wu, Lihong Li, Chuan Jin, Qingli Zhang, Chengbin Chen, Wenqin Song, Chunguo Wang
Pollen development is an important and complex biological process in the sexual reproduction of flowering plants. Although the cytological characteristics of pollen development are well defined, the regulation of its early stages remains largely unknown. In the present study, miRNAs were explored in the early development of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) pollen. A total of 333 known miRNAs that originated from 235 miRNA families were detected. Fifty-five novel miRNA candidates were identified. Sixty of the 333 known miRNAs and 49 of the 55 predicted novel miRNAs exhibited significantly differential expression profiling in the three distinct developmental stages of broccoli pollen...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383691/development-and-survival-of-spodoptera-exigua-lepidoptera-noctuidae-on-alternate-crops-in-cotton-cropping-pattern-with-implications-to-integrated-pest-management
#19
Qamar Saeed, Faheem Ahmad, Shafqat Saeed
Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) is a polyphagous pest that shifts its population to different hosts during its life cycle to receive nutritive advantages. Therefore, demographic evaluation of alternate hosts is important for effective pest management. Here, we have evaluated castor (Ricinus communis L.), cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L.), cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.), and spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) for growth, survival, and population development of S. exigua. Development of early populations of S...
April 5, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362992/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-of-self-incompatible-flower-stigmas-and-self-compatible-bud-stigmas-following-self-pollination-in-broccoli
#20
H F Yu, J S Wang, X G Sheng, Z Q Zhao, Z R Qi, H H Gu
DH07 is a DH line of Class I S-haplotype in broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica), in which stigmas of flowers show self-incompatibility (SI) and stigmas of buds show self-compatibility (SC). The molecular mechanisms that lead to stigmas at different developmental stages having different responses to self-pollination are yet unknown. In the present study, comparative transcriptome profiling of the stigmas of flowers and buds before and after self-pollination was performed by RNA-sequencing using an Illumina HiSeq(TM) 2000...
March 30, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
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