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Brassica oleracea

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784313/leaching-and-degradation-kinetics-of-glucosinolates-during-boiling-of-brassica-oleracea-vegetables-and-the-formation-of-their-breakdown-products
#1
Franziska S Hanschen, Carla Kühn, Marie Nickel, Sascha Rohn, Matthijs Dekker
Domestic processing methods, such as boiling, significantly affect the glucosinolate content and the formation of breakdown products in Brassica vegetables. Here, we comprehensively describe the effect of aqueous heat treatment on the degradation and leaching kinetics of glucosinolates on the formation of their enzymatic and non-enzymatic hydrolysis and breakdown products. The results were correlated with the inactivation kinetics of myrosinase and epithiospecifier protein activity in the Brassica oleracea vegetables kohlrabi, white cabbage, and red cabbage...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778813/ozone-disrupts-adsorption-of-rhododendron-tomentosum-volatiles-to-neighbouring-plant-surfaces-but-does-not-disturb-herbivore-repellency
#2
Adedayo O Mofikoya, Minna Kivimäenpää, James D Blande, Jarmo K Holopainen
The perennial evergreen woody shrub, Rhododendron tomentosum, confers associational resistance against herbivory and oviposition on neighbouring plants through passive adsorption of some of its constitutively emitted volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The adsorption process is dependent on transport of VOCs in the air. In polluted atmospheres, the VOCs may be degraded and adsorption impeded. We studied the effect of elevated ozone regimes on the adsorption of R. tomentosum volatiles to white cabbage, Brassica oleracea, and the oviposition of the specialist herbivore Plutella xylostella on the exposed plants...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760714/fine-mapping-and-candidate-gene-identification-for-wax-biosynthesis-locus-bowax1-in-brassica-oleracea-l-var-capitata
#3
Dongming Liu, Xin Dong, Zezhou Liu, Jun Tang, Mu Zhuang, Yangyong Zhang, Honghao Lv, Yumei Liu, Zhansheng Li, Zhiyuan Fang, Limei Yang
Cuticular waxes play important roles in plant protection against various biotic and abiotic environmental stresses. The cuticular wax covering gives normal cabbage a glaucous appearance, but the appearance of waxless mutant is glossy green. Based on the present study, inheritance of the glossy green character of mutant HUAYOU2 follows a simple recessive pattern. Genetic analysis of an F2 population comprising 808 recessive individuals derived from HUAYOU2 (P1 , maternal parent) and M36 (P2 , paternal parent) revealed that a single recessive locus, BoWax1 ( Brassica oleracea Wax 1 ), controls glossy green trait in B ...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753738/identification-and-expression-pattern-analysis-of-bomyb51-involved-in-indolic-glucosinolate-biosynthesis-from-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-var-italica
#4
Qingyue Yu, Guodong Hao, Jianxin Zhou, Jingying Wang, Ejiroghene Ruona Evivie, Jing Li
Glucosinolates are a class of amino acid-derived specialized metabolites characteristic of the Brassicales order. Trp derived indolic glucosinolates are essential for the effective plant defense responses to a wide range of pathogens and herbivores. In Arabidopsis, MYB51 is the key transcription factor positively regulates indolic glucosinolate production by activating certain biosynthetic genes. In this study, we report the isolation and identification of a MYB51 from broccoli designated as BoMYB51. Overexpression of BoMYB51 in Arabidopsis increased indolic glucosinolate production by upregulating biosynthetic genes and resulted in enhanced flagellin22 (Flg22) induced callose deposition...
May 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743507/re-exploration-of-u-s-triangle-brassica-species-based-on-chloroplast-genomes-and-45s-nrdna-sequences
#5
Chang-Kug Kim, Young-Joo Seol, Sampath Perumal, Jonghoon Lee, Nomar Espinosa Waminal, Murukarthick Jayakodi, Sang-Choon Lee, Seungwoo Jin, Beom-Soon Choi, Yeisoo Yu, Ho-Cheol Ko, Ji-Weon Choi, Kyoung-Yul Ryu, Seong-Han Sohn, Isobel Parkin, Tae-Jin Yang
The concept of U's triangle, which revealed the importance of polyploidization in plant genome evolution, described natural allopolyploidization events in Brassica using three diploids [B. rapa (A genome), B. nigra (B), and B. oleracea (C)] and derived allotetraploids [B. juncea (AB genome), B. napus (AC), and B. carinata (BC)]. However, comprehensive understanding of Brassica genome evolution has not been fully achieved. Here, we performed low-coverage (2-6×) whole-genome sequencing of 28 accessions of Brassica as well as of Raphanus sativus [R genome] to explore the evolution of six Brassica species based on chloroplast genome and ribosomal DNA variations...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741189/investigation-of-the-effects-of-mechanical-treatments-on-cellular-structure-integrity-and-vitamin-c-extractability-of-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-l-var-italica-by-lf-nmr
#6
Jinxin Yang, Xin Jin, Xiao Dong Chen
Extraction of nutrients from plants is an important unit operation in the food and biological industries. The target nutrient is usually spatially distributed throughout the plant tissue. The intact cell wall and adhering membranes are the main resistances to molecular diffusion. Therefore, disintegration of the intact structure, which in turn increases the permeability of adhering membranes, can significantly improve the nutrient extraction yield and efficiency. In this study, different physical treatments (homogenization, high pressure homogenization, and ball mill grinding) were applied to investigate their effects on the tissue microstructure and the release of vitamin C...
May 9, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739331/purple-brassica-oleracea-var-capitata-f-rubra-is-due-to-the-loss-of-bomybl2-1-expression
#7
Hayoung Song, Hankuil Yi, Myungjin Lee, Ching-Tack Han, Jeongyeo Lee, HyeRan Kim, Jong-In Park, Ill-Sup Nou, Sun-Ju Kim, Yoonkang Hur
BACKGROUND: Water-soluble anthocyanin pigments are important ingredients in health-improving supplements and valuable for the food industry. Although great attention has been paid to the breeding and production of crops containing high levels of anthocyanin, genetic variation in red or purple cabbages (Brassica oleracea var. capitata F. rubra) has not yet been characterized at the molecular level. In this study, we identified the mechanism responsible for the establishment of purple color in cabbages...
May 8, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738530/agronomic-performance-of-new-open-pollinated-experimental-lines-of-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-l-var-italica-evaluated-under-organic-farming
#8
Samira Sahamishirazi, Jens Moehring, Sabine Zikeli, Michael Fleck, Wilhelm Claupein, Simone Graeff-Hoenninger
In order to develop new open pollinating cultivars of broccoli for organic farming, two experiments were conducted during fall 2015 and spring 2016. This study was aimed at comparing the agronomic performance of eleven new open pollinating breeding lines of broccoli to introduce new lines and to test their seasonal suitability for organic farming. Field experiments were carried out at the organic research station Kleinhohenheim of the University of Hohenheim (Stuttgart-Germany). Different agronomic traits total biomass fresh weight, head fresh weight, head diameter, hollow-stem, fresh weight harvest index and marketable yield were assessed together with commercial control cultivars...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720827/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-brassica-oleracea-var-capitata-l-cabbage-methanol-extract-in-mice-with-contact-dermatitis
#9
Youjung Lee, Seoyoung Kim, Beodeul Yang, Chiyeon Lim, Jung-Hoon Kim, Hyungwoo Kim, Suin Cho
Background: Cabbage, Brassica oleracea var. capitata L., is one of the most common vegetables in the world. Because of its high levels of flavonoids and anthocyanins, cabbage has long been used as a herbal medicine. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of cabbage were also recently been reported. Objective: This study was designed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of cabbage in mice with contact dermatitis (CD). Materials and Methods: We investigated the effects of methanol extract of B...
April 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677397/two-ancestral-genes-shaped-the-xanthomonas-campestris-tal-effector-gene-repertoire
#10
Nicolas Denancé, Boris Szurek, Erin L Doyle, Emmanuelle Lauber, Lisa Fontaine-Bodin, Sébastien Carrère, Endrick Guy, Ahmed Hajri, Aude Cerutti, Tristan Boureau, Stéphane Poussier, Matthieu Arlat, Adam J Bogdanove, Laurent D Noël
Xanthomonas transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs) are injected inside plant cells to promote host susceptibility by enhancing transcription of host susceptibility genes. TALE-encoding (tal) genes were thought to be absent from Brassicaceae-infecting Xanthomonas campestris (Xc) genomes based on four reference genomic sequences. We discovered tal genes in 26 of 49 Xc strains isolated worldwide and used a combination of single molecule real time (SMRT) and tal amplicon sequencing to yield a near-complete description of the TALEs found in Xc (Xc TALome)...
April 20, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671807/formation-of-sulforaphane-and-iberin-products-from-thai-cabbage-fermented-by-myrosinase-positive-bacteria
#11
Vijitra Luang-In, Sirirat Deeseenthum, Piyachat Udomwong, Worachot Saengha, Matteo Gregori
Myrosinase-positive bacteria from local fermented foods and beverages in Thailand with the capacity to metabolize glucosinolate and produce isothiocyanates (ITCs) were isolated and used as selected strains for Thai cabbage fermentation. Enterobacter xiangfangensis 4A-2A3.1 (EX) from fermented fish and Enterococcus casseliflavus SB2X2 (EC) from fermented cabbage were the two highest ITC producers among seventeen strains identified by 16S rRNA technique. EC and EX were used to ferment Thai cabbage ( Brassica oleracea L...
April 19, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666533/purple-head-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-l-var-italica-plenck-a-functional-food-crop-for-antioxidant-and-anticancer-potential
#12
Ashun Chaudhary, Sonika Choudhary, Upendra Sharma, Adarsh Pal Vig, Bikram Singh, Saroj Arora
Natural foods are used in many folks and household treatments and have immense potential to treat a serious complication and health benefits, in addition to the basic nutritional values. These food products improve health, delay the aging process, increase life expectancy, and possibly prevent chronic diseases. Purple head Brassica oleracea L. var. italica Plenck is one of such foods and in current studies was explored for chemical compounds at different development stages by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660183/interaction-of-maternal-environment-and-allelic-differences-in-seed-vigour-genes-determines-seed-performance-in-brassica-oleracea
#13
Sajjad Awan, Steven Footitt, William E Finch-Savage
Seed vigour is a key trait essential for the production of sustainable and profitable crops. The genetic basis of variation in seed vigour has recently been determined in Brassica oleracea, but the relative importance of the interaction with parental environment is unknown. We produced seeds under a range of maternal environments, including global warming scenarios. Lines were compared that had the same genetic background, but different alleles (high and low vigour) at QTLs responsible for determining seed vigour by altering ABA content and sensitivity...
April 16, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657508/hypnotic-effect-of-red-cabbage-brassica-oleracea-on-pentobarbital-induced-sleep-in-mice
#14
Azar Hosseini, Mohammad-Ali Sobhanifar, Fatemeh Forouzanfar, Azita Aghaee, Hassan Rakhshandeh
Objective: The present study was performed to investigate the effect of hydroalcoholic extract of red cabbage and its fractions on sleeping behavior in mice. Materials and Methods: The extract and its fractions were injected to mice and sleep duration as well as sleep latency were recorded. Furthermore, toxicity of the extract was determined both in vivo and in vitro . Results: The extract increased sleep duration at doses of 50-200mg/kg ( P < 0...
January 2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652847/comparative-phytonutrient-analysis-of-broccoli-by-products-the-potentials-for-broccoli-by-product-utilization
#15
Mengpei Liu, Lihua Zhang, Suk Lan Ser, Jonathan R Cumming, Kang-Mo Ku
The phytonutrient concentrations of broccoli ( Brassica oleracea var. italica) florets, stems, and leaves were compared to evaluate the value of stem and leaf by-products as a source of valuable nutrients. Primary metabolites, including amino acids, organic acids, and sugars, as well as glucosinolates, carotenoids, chlorophylls, vitamins E and K, essential mineral elements, total phenolic content, antioxidant activity, and expression of glucosinolate biosynthesis and hydrolysis genes were quantified from the different broccoli tissues...
April 13, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644447/genome-wide-identification-of-hexokinase-gene-family-in-brassica-napus-structure-phylogenetic-analysis-expression-and-functional-characterization
#16
Jingxue Wang, Xiaoming Wang, Siyu Geng, Sanjay K Singh, Yaohui Wang, Sitakanta Pattanaik, Ling Yuan
Genome-wide identification, expression analysis, and functional characterization of previously uncharacterized hexokinase family of oil crop, Brassica napus, underscore the importance of this gene family in plant growth and development. In plants, the multi-gene family of dual-function hexokinases (HXKs) plays important roles in sugar metabolism and sensing that affect growth and development. Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) is an important oil crop; however, little is known about the B. napus HXK gene family...
April 11, 2018: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642585/mitochondrial-biogenesis-in-diverse-cauliflower-cultivars-under-mild-and-severe-drought-impaired-coordination-of-selected-transcript-and-proteomic-responses-and-regulation-of-various-multifunctional-proteins
#17
Michał Rurek, Magdalena Czołpińska, Tomasz Andrzej Pawłowski, Aleksandra Maria Staszak, Witold Nowak, Włodzimierz Krzesiński, Tomasz Spiżewski
Mitochondrial responses under drought within Brassica genus are poorly understood. The main goal of this study was to investigate mitochondrial biogenesis of three cauliflower ( Brassica oleracea var. botrytis ) cultivars with varying drought tolerance. Diverse quantitative changes (decreases in abundance mostly) in the mitochondrial proteome were assessed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2D PAGE) coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Respiratory (e.g., complex II, IV (CII, CIV) and ATP synthase subunits), transporter (including diverse porin isoforms) and matrix multifunctional proteins (e...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629028/effects-of-glutathione-s-transferase-gst-m1-and-t1-polymorphisms-on-antioxidant-vitamins-and-oxidative-stress-related-parameters-in-korean-subclinical-hypertensive-subjects-after-kale-juice-brassica-oleracea-acephala-supplementation
#18
Hye-Jin Lee, Jeong-Hwa Han, Yoo Kyoung Park, Myung-Hee Kang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Glutathione s-transferase ( GST ) is involved in the formation of a multigene family comprising phase II detoxification enzymes, involved in the detoxification of reactive oxygen species. This study evaluated whether daily supplementation with kale juice could modulate levels of plasma antioxidant vitamins and oxidative stress-related parameters. We further examined whether this modulation was affected by combined GSTM1 and T1 polymorphisms. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Totally, 84 subclinical hypertensive patients having systolic blood pressure (BP) over 130 mmHg or diastolic BP over 85 mmHg, received 300 mL of kale juice daily for 6 weeks...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620479/phylogeny-dominant-classification-of-j-proteins-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-and-brassica-oleracea
#19
Bin Zhang, Hanlin Qiu, Donghai Qu, Ying Ruan, Dong-Hong Chen
HSP40s or DnaJ/J-proteins are evolutionarily conserved in all the organisms as cochaperones of molecular chaperone HSP70s that mainly participate in maintaining cellular protein homeostasis, such as protein folding, assembly, stabilization, and translocation under normal conditions as well as refolding and degradation under environmental stresses. It has been reported that Arabidopsis J-proteins are classified into four classes (type A~D) according to domain organization, but their phylogenetic relationships are unknown...
April 5, 2018: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618450/evaluation-of-phytochemical-and-in-vitro-antioxidant-activity-of-water-and-acetone-extracts-of-selected-vegetables
#20
Faria Nisar, Muhammad Aslam Mirza, Riffat Naseem Malik, Muhammad Aziz Ch, Kauser Yasmeen
The aim of this study was to determine antioxidant activity of Brassica oleracea (Cabbage), Brassica rapa (Turnip) and Raphanus sativus (Radish). All of the three selected vegetables were ultrasonically extracted in water and acetone. The antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH and H2O2. Highest phenolic, flavonoid and flavonol contents were found among water extract of Raphanus sativus, Brassica oleracea and Brassica rapa respectively. Highest %age of DPPH inhibition was exhibited by water extract of Brassica rapa and highest OH◦ radical scavenging activity was shown by water extract of Raphanus sativus...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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