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Early intervention autism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099978/association-of-perinatal-risk-factors-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Darios Getahun, Michael J Fassett, Morgan R Peltier, Deborah A Wing, Anny H Xiang, Vicki Chiu, Steven J Jacobsen
Objective To examine the association between exposures to perinatal factors and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Study Design A retrospective cohort study of ASD among children born in Kaiser Permanente Southern California hospitals between 1991 and 2009 (n = 594,638). Medical records were used to determine exposure to perinatal (antepartum and intrapartum) complications. ASD was diagnosed using DSM-IV criteria. Multivariable Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs). Result Children with ASD were more likely to be exposed to perinatal complications (HR = 1...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093677/communication-intervention-for-young-children-with-severe-neurodevelopmental-disabilities-via-telehealth
#2
Jessica Simacek, Adele F Dimian, Jennifer J McComas
Young children with neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and Rett syndrome often experience severe communication impairments. This study examined the efficacy of parent-implemented communication assessment and intervention with remote coaching via telehealth on the acquisition of early communication skills of three young children with ASD (2) and Rett syndrome (1). Efficacy of the intervention was evaluated using single-case experimental designs. First, functional assessment was used to identify idiosyncratic/potentially communicative responses and contexts for each child...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075089/autism-spectrum-disorder-primary-care-principles
#3
Kristian E Sanchack, Craig A Thomas
Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by difficulty with social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, or activities. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed., created an umbrella diagnosis that includes several previously separate conditions: autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. There is insufficient evidence to recommend screening for autism spectrum disorder in children 18 to 30 months of age in whom the disorder is not suspected; however, there is a growing body of evidence that early intensive behavioral intervention based on applied behavior analysis improves cognitive ability, language, and adaptive skills...
December 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053279/prevalence-of-maternal-affective-disorders-in-chinese-mothers-of-preschool-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#4
Y W Yu, K H Chung, Y K Lee, W C Lam, M Gc Yiu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of affective disorders and identify their associated factors among Chinese mothers of preschool children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Autism Spectrum Disorders Multidisciplinary Clinic of the United Christian Hospital from August 2012 to June 2013. All mothers of a consecutive series of preschool children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders at their first visit to the clinic were recruited...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050484/sleep-disorder-gastrointestinal-problems-and-behaviour-problems-seen-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-children-and-yoga-as-therapy-a-descriptive-review
#5
REVIEW
Kumar Narasingharao, Balaram Pradhan, Janardhana Navaneetham
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder with deficiencies in many developmental milestones during the infantile childhood. Recent researches have shown that apart from behaviour problems, the ASD children also suffer from physiological conditions such as disturbed sleep and gastrointestinal problems that could be the contributing factors to their daytime behaviour problems. Lots of parents have expressed that, lack of sleep among the children have resulted in high levels of stress among the family members particularly among the immediate caretakers which are in most cases the mother of the child...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036004/sensing-technologies-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-screening-and-intervention
#6
John-John Cabibihan, Hifza Javed, Mohammed Aldosari, Thomas W Frazier, Haitham Elbashir
This paper reviews the state-of-the-art in sensing technologies that are relevant for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) screening and therapy. This disorder is characterized by difficulties in social communication, social interactions, and repetitive behaviors. It is diagnosed during the first three years of life. Early and intensive interventions have been shown to improve the developmental trajectory of the affected children. The earlier the diagnosis, the sooner the intervention therapy can begin, thus, making early diagnosis an important research goal...
December 27, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009726/the-emergence-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-insights-gained-from-studies-of-brain-and-behaviour-in-high-risk-infants
#7
Kandice J Varcin, Shafali S Jeste
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review studies of infants at risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), proposing that the earliest manifestations of disrupted brain development can shed light on prebehavioural markers of risk and mechanisms underlying the heterogeneity of ASD. RECENT FINDINGS: Prospective, longitudinal studies of infants at risk for ASD have revealed that behavioural signs of ASD are generally not observed until the second year of life. The developmental signs within the first year are often subtle and rooted in processes outside the core diagnostic domains of ASD, such as motor and visual perceptual function...
December 21, 2016: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990746/parents-opinions-about-an-intervention-to-manage-repetitive-behaviours-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#8
Anna R Hodgson, Victoria Grahame, Deborah Garland, Fiona Gaultier, Jan Lecouturier, Ann Le Couteur
BACKGROUND: Early intervention for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) tends to focus on enhancing social communication skills. We report data collected via focus group discussions as part of a feasibility and acceptability pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) about a new parent group intervention to manage restricted and repetitive behaviours (RRB) in young children with ASD. METHODS: The focus groups were led by two independent facilitators and followed a semi-structured topic guide with the aim of considering three key topics: experiences of participating in a RCT, opinions about the intervention and the impact of the intervention on the participants, their children and the family...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966784/hybrid-implementation-model-of-community-partnered-early-intervention-for-toddlers-with-autism-a-randomized-trial
#9
Stephanie Y Shire, Ya-Chih Chang, Wendy Shih, Suzanne Bracaglia, Maria Kodjoe, Connie Kasari
BACKGROUND: Interventions found to be effective in research settings are often not as effective when implemented in community settings. Considering children with autism, studies have rarely examined the efficacy of laboratory-tested interventions on child outcomes in community settings using randomized controlled designs. METHODS: One hundred and thirteen children with autism enrolled in public early intervention classrooms in low resource neighborhoods were randomized to Joint Attention, Symbolic Play, Engagement, and Regulation (JASPER) intervention or treatment as usual waitlist for 10 weeks with 1-month follow-up...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929322/using-trial-based-functional-analysis-to-design-effective-interventions-for-students-diagnosed-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Wallace Larkin, Renee O Hawkins, Tai Collins
Functional behavior assessments and function-based interventions are effective methods for addressing the challenging behaviors of children; however, traditional functional analysis has limitations that impact usability in applied settings. Trial-based functional analysis addresses concerns relating to the length of time, level of expertise required, and the contrived nature of functional analyses conducted in analogue settings. The current study expanded on previous research by assessing the function of challenging behaviors for 3 early childhood education students with autism spectrum disorder through trial-based functional analyses within an educational setting...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910235/the-impact-of-caregiver-mediated-jasper-on-child-restricted-and-repetitive-behaviors-and-caregiver-responses
#11
Clare Harrop, Amanda Gulsrud, Wendy Shih, Lilit Hovsepyan, Connie Kasari
Restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are a core feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Compared to the social-communication impairments children show, we know less about why children engage in these repetitive actions and behaviors and how to help children (and their caregivers) with these behaviors. As a result, early intervention has typically focused on social-communication. In this study, we were interested in understanding how child RRBs changed following an intervention that targeted social-communication behaviors and if the training caregivers received changed how they responded to their child's RRBs...
December 2, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891656/the-early-intervention-message-perspectives-of-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
A Edwards, C Brebner, P McCormack, C MacDougall
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence that early intervention (EI) can improve outcomes for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and consequently, the importance of EI has been widely promoted to families of children with ASD. However, the perspectives of parents of children with ASD regarding the EI message have not been widely examined. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods to explore parental perspectives on the EI message. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 14 participants from 12 family units to explore the perspectives of parents of children with ASD on the EI message...
November 28, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876688/online-concerns-of-parents-suspecting-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-their-child-content-analysis-of-signs-and-automated-prediction-of-risk
#13
Ayelet Ben-Sasson, Elad Yom-Tov
BACKGROUND: Online communities are used as platforms by parents to verify developmental and health concerns related to their child. The increasing public awareness of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) leads more parents to suspect ASD in their child. Early identification of ASD is important for early intervention. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the symptoms mentioned in online queries posed by parents who suspect that their child might have ASD and determine whether they are age-specific...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866350/changes-in-food-selectivity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Linda G Bandini, Carol Curtin, Sarah Phillips, Sarah E Anderson, Melissa Maslin, Aviva Must
Food selectivity is a common problem in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and has an adverse impact on nutrient adequacy and family mealtimes. Despite recent research in this area, few studies have addressed whether food selectivity present in children with ASD persists into adolescence. In this study, we assessed food selectivity in 18 children with ASD at two time points (mean age = 6.8 and 13.2 years), and examined changes in food selectivity. While food refusal improved overall, we did not observe an increase in food repertoire (number of unique foods eaten)...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866349/the-emergent-literacy-skills-of-preschool-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
M F Westerveld, J Paynter, D Trembath, A A Webster, A M Hodge, J Roberts
A high percentage of school-age students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have reading comprehension difficulties leading to academic disadvantage. These difficulties may be related to differences in children's emergent literacy development in the preschool years. In this study, we examined the relationship between emergent literacy skills, broader cognitive and language ability, autism severity, and home literacy environment factors in 57 preschoolers with ASD. The children showed strengths in code-related emergent literacy skills such as alphabet knowledge, but significant difficulties with meaning-related emergent literacy skills...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865099/assessing-symptoms-during-comprehensive-interventions-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-development-and-preliminary-analysis-of-the-autism-behaviour-coding-system-abcs
#16
Diana Dima, Olga Lazari, Klaus Schmeck, René Spiegel, Anja Brönnimann, Kirstin Goth, Evelyn Herbrecht
The aims of this paper are to present the Autism Behaviour Coding System (ABCS), a novel, video-based observational instrument for assessing core autism symptoms during intensive early interventions in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), to provide preliminary data on its psychometric characteristics and to discuss its clinical utility. Video recordings of child-therapist interactions during the 'Frühintervention bei autistischen Störungen' (FIAS) were coded by treatment-independent raters who were blind with respect to the temporal order of the sequences...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848416/parent-led-early-intervention-can-reduce-symptom-severity
#17
(no author information available yet)
In the original Preschool Autism Communication Trial (PACT), published in 2010, 152 children aged 2-4 with autism were randomised to receive usual treatment or a 12-month early intervention.
November 9, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848051/continuity-and-change-in-cognition-and-autism-severity-from-toddlerhood-to-school-age
#18
Megan L E Clark, Josephine Barbaro, Cheryl Dissanayake
: This paper charted the cognitive and behavioural profiles from toddlerhood to middle childhood in 48 children diagnosed with ASD at 24-months. The Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL) was administered at 24- and 48-months and the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) at school age. Autism severity was derived using The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) Results: Developmental Disability/Intellectual Disability (DD/ID; Developmental Quotient <70) reduced from 64% at 24-months to 8% at outcome...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845779/brain-responses-to-biological-motion-predict-treatment-outcome-in-young-children-with-autism
#19
D Yang, K A Pelphrey, D G Sukhodolsky, M J Crowley, E Dayan, N C Dvornek, A Venkataraman, J Duncan, L Staib, P Ventola
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are common yet complex neurodevelopmental disorders, characterized by social, communication and behavioral deficits. Behavioral interventions have shown favorable results-however, the promise of precision medicine in ASD is hampered by a lack of sensitive, objective neurobiological markers (neurobiomarkers) to identify subgroups of young children likely to respond to specific treatments. Such neurobiomarkers are essential because early childhood provides a sensitive window of opportunity for intervention, while unsuccessful intervention is costly to children, families and society...
November 15, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842520/assessing-an-isizulu-questionnaire-with-educators-in-primary-schools-in-pietermaritzburg-to-establish-a-baseline-of-knowledge-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Natalie K Hutton, Carol Mitchell, Mary van der Riet
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a significant childhood disorder and has a growing prevalence rate across the world. It has been identified in children from a wide range of racial groups, ethnicities and socio-economic groups, making it a globally relevant disorder. However, a lack of research on ASD in Africa makes it difficult to determine the prevalence rate, presentation and level of knowledge regarding the disorder locally. Therefore, assessing knowledge of ASD amongst professionals is a useful starting point for research in countries where research on ASD is limited...
November 14, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
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