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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910235/the-impact-of-caregiver-mediated-jasper-on-child-restricted-and-repetitive-behaviors-and-caregiver-responses
#1
Clare Harrop, Amanda Gulsrud, Wendy Shih, Lilit Hovsepyan, Connie Kasari
Restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are a core feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Compared to the social-communication impairments children show, we know less about why children engage in these repetitive actions and behaviors and how to help children (and their caregivers) with these behaviors. As a result, early intervention has typically focused on social-communication. In this study, we were interested in understanding how child RRBs changed following an intervention that targeted social-communication behaviors and if the training caregivers received changed how they responded to their child's RRBs...
December 2, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891656/the-early-intervention-message-perspectives-of-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
A Edwards, C Brebner, P McCormack, C MacDougall
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence that early intervention (EI) can improve outcomes for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and consequently, the importance of EI has been widely promoted to families of children with ASD. However, the perspectives of parents of children with ASD regarding the EI message have not been widely examined. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods to explore parental perspectives on the EI message. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 14 participants from 12 family units to explore the perspectives of parents of children with ASD on the EI message...
November 28, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876688/online-concerns-of-parents-suspecting-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-their-child-content-analysis-of-signs-and-automated-prediction-of-risk
#3
Ayelet Ben-Sasson, Elad Yom-Tov
BACKGROUND: Online communities are used as platforms by parents to verify developmental and health concerns related to their child. The increasing public awareness of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) leads more parents to suspect ASD in their child. Early identification of ASD is important for early intervention. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the symptoms mentioned in online queries posed by parents who suspect that their child might have ASD and determine whether they are age-specific...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866350/changes-in-food-selectivity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Linda G Bandini, Carol Curtin, Sarah Phillips, Sarah E Anderson, Melissa Maslin, Aviva Must
Food selectivity is a common problem in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and has an adverse impact on nutrient adequacy and family mealtimes. Despite recent research in this area, few studies have addressed whether food selectivity present in children with ASD persists into adolescence. In this study, we assessed food selectivity in 18 children with ASD at two time points (mean age = 6.8 and 13.2 years), and examined changes in food selectivity. While food refusal improved overall, we did not observe an increase in food repertoire (number of unique foods eaten)...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866349/the-emergent-literacy-skills-of-preschool-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
M F Westerveld, J Paynter, D Trembath, A A Webster, A M Hodge, J Roberts
A high percentage of school-age students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have reading comprehension difficulties leading to academic disadvantage. These difficulties may be related to differences in children's emergent literacy development in the preschool years. In this study, we examined the relationship between emergent literacy skills, broader cognitive and language ability, autism severity, and home literacy environment factors in 57 preschoolers with ASD. The children showed strengths in code-related emergent literacy skills such as alphabet knowledge, but significant difficulties with meaning-related emergent literacy skills...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865099/assessing-symptoms-during-comprehensive-interventions-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-development-and-preliminary-analysis-of-the-autism-behaviour-coding-system-abcs
#6
Diana Dima, Olga Lazari, Klaus Schmeck, René Spiegel, Anja Brönnimann, Kirstin Goth, Evelyn Herbrecht
The aims of this paper are to present the Autism Behaviour Coding System (ABCS), a novel, video-based observational instrument for assessing core autism symptoms during intensive early interventions in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), to provide preliminary data on its psychometric characteristics and to discuss its clinical utility. Video recordings of child-therapist interactions during the 'Frühintervention bei autistischen Störungen' (FIAS) were coded by treatment-independent raters who were blind with respect to the temporal order of the sequences...
November 10, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848416/parent-led-early-intervention-can-reduce-symptom-severity
#7
(no author information available yet)
In the original Preschool Autism Communication Trial (PACT), published in 2010, 152 children aged 2-4 with autism were randomised to receive usual treatment or a 12-month early intervention.
November 9, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848051/continuity-and-change-in-cognition-and-autism-severity-from-toddlerhood-to-school-age
#8
Megan L E Clark, Josephine Barbaro, Cheryl Dissanayake
: This paper charted the cognitive and behavioural profiles from toddlerhood to middle childhood in 48 children diagnosed with ASD at 24-months. The Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL) was administered at 24- and 48-months and the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) at school age. Autism severity was derived using The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) Results: Developmental Disability/Intellectual Disability (DD/ID; Developmental Quotient <70) reduced from 64% at 24-months to 8% at outcome...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845779/brain-responses-to-biological-motion-predict-treatment-outcome-in-young-children-with-autism
#9
D Yang, K A Pelphrey, D G Sukhodolsky, M J Crowley, E Dayan, N C Dvornek, A Venkataraman, J Duncan, L Staib, P Ventola
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are common yet complex neurodevelopmental disorders, characterized by social, communication and behavioral deficits. Behavioral interventions have shown favorable results-however, the promise of precision medicine in ASD is hampered by a lack of sensitive, objective neurobiological markers (neurobiomarkers) to identify subgroups of young children likely to respond to specific treatments. Such neurobiomarkers are essential because early childhood provides a sensitive window of opportunity for intervention, while unsuccessful intervention is costly to children, families and society...
November 15, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842520/assessing-an-isizulu-questionnaire-with-educators-in-primary-schools-in-pietermaritzburg-to-establish-a-baseline-of-knowledge-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Natalie K Hutton, Carol Mitchell, Mary van der Riet
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a significant childhood disorder and has a growing prevalence rate across the world. It has been identified in children from a wide range of racial groups, ethnicities and socio-economic groups, making it a globally relevant disorder. However, a lack of research on ASD in Africa makes it difficult to determine the prevalence rate, presentation and level of knowledge regarding the disorder locally. Therefore, assessing knowledge of ASD amongst professionals is a useful starting point for research in countries where research on ASD is limited...
November 14, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837331/acute-oxytocin-improves-memory-and-gaze-following-in-male-but-not-female-nursery-reared-infant-macaques
#11
Elizabeth A Simpson, Annika Paukner, Valentina Sclafani, Stefano S K Kaburu, Stephen J Suomi, Pier F Ferrari
RATIONALE: Exogenous oxytocin administration is widely reported to improve social cognition in human and nonhuman primate adults. Risk factors of impaired social cognition, however, emerge in infancy. Early interventions-when plasticity is greatest-are critical to reverse negative outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that oxytocin may exert similar positive effects on infant social cognition, as in adults. To test this idea, we assessed the effectiveness of acute, aerosolized oxytocin on two foundational social cognitive skills: working memory (i...
November 11, 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824638/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#12
Jennifer Lucarelli, Demetra Pappas, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
Kendra is a 4-year-old girl with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who presents for follow-up of feeding problems to her pediatric clinician. She is an only child in a family where both parents are scientists. Feeding concerns date to infancy, when she was diagnosed with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) associated with persistent bottle refusal and the acceptance of few pureed foods. At 13 months, milk and peanut allergies were diagnosed. Following a feeding clinic evaluation at 24 months, she was prescribed a soy milk supplement and an H2 blocker...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817161/the-french-version-of-the-modified-checklist-for-autism-in-toddlers-m-chat-a-validation-study-on-a-french-sample-of-24-month-old-children
#13
Sophie Baduel, Quentin Guillon, Mohammad H Afzali, Nadège Foudon, Jeanne Kruck, Bernadette Rogé
Early ASD screening has the potential to reduce delays between initial parental concerns and diagnosis, and promote early intervention. The aim of this study was to validate the M-CHAT on a French population sample of 24 month-old children. This study included a low-risk sample of 1227 children. A total of 20 children screened positive on the M-CHAT. Twelve out of 20 of these children received a diagnosis of ASD at 36 months, yielding a PPV of 0.60. These results add to the evidence that the M-CHAT is a useful screening instrument and further demonstrates the importance of the follow-up interview in primary care settings...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793431/parent-mediated-social-communication-therapy-for-young-children-with-autism-pact-long-term-follow-up-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Andrew Pickles, Ann Le Couteur, Kathy Leadbitter, Erica Salomone, Rachel Cole-Fletcher, Hannah Tobin, Isobel Gammer, Jessica Lowry, George Vamvakas, Sarah Byford, Catherine Aldred, Vicky Slonims, Helen McConachie, Patricia Howlin, Jeremy R Parr, Tony Charman, Jonathan Green
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether early intervention can improve long-term autism symptom outcomes. We aimed to follow-up the Preschool Autism Communication Trial (PACT), to investigate whether the PACT intervention had a long-term effect on autism symptoms and continued effects on parent and child social interaction. METHODS: PACT was a randomised controlled trial of a parent-mediated social communication intervention for children aged 2-4 years with core autism...
November 19, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793429/6-year-follow-up-supports-early-autism-intervention
#15
Jeff Sigafoos, Hannah Waddington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793223/gut-to-brain-axis-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-central-role-for-the-microbiome
#16
A D Kraneveld, K Szklany, C G M de Theije, J Garssen
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental disorders, which occur in early childhood and persist into adulthood. Although the etiology of these disorders is largely unknown, genetic and environmental factors are thought to interplay in the development of ASD. Intestinal microbial dysbiosis, in prenatal and postnatal phases, is an important example of these environmental factors, and gastrointestinal problems including adverse reactions to foods are often reported in these children. In this review, we address the clinical and preclinical findings on the role of the intestinal microbiome in ASD and suggest possible underlying mechanisms...
2016: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793129/a-hybrid-concept-analysis-of-children-of-concern-japanese-healthcare-professionals-views-of-children-at-a-high-risk-of-developmental-disability
#17
Ayako Ide-Okochi, Etsuko Tadaka
BACKGROUND: The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition, DSM-5) redefined the boundaries of autism as a spectrum. It has been reported that the number of schoolchildren with undiagnosed developmental disorders (DDs) has risen in Japan. Such children referred to as kininaru-kodomo (KK, "children of concern") by healthcare professionals fall into a gray area. Therefore, KK are often overlooked at infant medical checkups. This leaves KK without necessary medical care and special needs education...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788195/early-predictors-of-impaired-social-functioning-in-male-rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta
#18
Valentina Sclafani, Laura A Del Rosso, Shannon K Seil, Laura A Calonder, Jesus E Madrid, Kyle J Bone, Elliott H Sherr, Joseph P Garner, John P Capitanio, Karen J Parker
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by social cognition impairments but its basic disease mechanisms remain poorly understood. Progress has been impeded by the absence of animal models that manifest behavioral phenotypes relevant to ASD. Rhesus monkeys are an ideal model organism to address this barrier to progress. Like humans, rhesus monkeys are highly social, possess complex social cognition abilities, and exhibit pronounced individual differences in social functioning. Moreover, we have previously shown that Low-Social (LS) vs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784655/early-intervention-may-limit-severity-of-autism-symptoms
#19
Ingrid Torjesen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782017/family-and-practitioner-perspectives-on-telehealth-for-services-to-young-children-with-autism
#20
Teresa Iacono, Cheryl Dissanayake, David Trembath, Kristelle Hudry, Shane Erickson, Jo Spong
Telehealth offers the potential to address inequalities in autism service access for young children living in regional and rural areas with limited access to autism specialists. Our aim was to explore parent and practitioner uses of technology, and views about telehealth, including perceived barriers, for autism early intervention service delivery in a regional town in Australia. Fifteen mothers and 19 front-line autism practitioners completed surveys distributed by local autism service and support providers in the regional town; eight front-line practitioners from one service participated in interviews...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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