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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165825/understanding-the-lived-experiences-of-parkinson-s-disease-and-deep-brain-stimulation-dbs-through-occupational-changes
#1
Jacki Liddle, Jessie Phillips, Louise Gustafsson, Peter Silburn
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS), a surgically based treatment for people living with Parkinson's disease (PD), can result in a significant improvement of motor symptoms. However, the broader impact of DBS and the changes it creates are not well understood. Greater understanding of the experiences and needs related to DBS would enable development of relevant outcome measures and supports. OBJECTIVES: To explore the lived experiences of people undergoing DBS for Parkinson's disease...
November 22, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165720/-relationship-strain-parkinson-s-disease-gender-specific-distress-of-partners-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Christoph Braukhaus, Uwe Jahnke, Tanja Zimmermann
A Parkinson's disease is attended by high strain for the patients and an obvious loss of relationship functioning. Partners of patients (N=110) were evaluated via self-assessment in terms of own depression (PHQ-9), own fear of progression (PA-F-P-KF), relationship quality (PFB) as well as perceived deficits in everyday life and nonverbal communication. 26% of women and 11% of men showed depression scores, 51% of women and 41% of men dysfunctional fear of progression and about 60% were unsatisfied with their relationship...
November 17, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165616/work-system-assessment-to-facilitate-the-dissemination-of-a-quality-improvement-program-for-optimizing-blood-culture-use-a-case-study-using-a-human-factors-engineering-approach
#3
Anping Xie, Charlotte Z Woods-Hill, Anne F King, Heather Enos-Graves, Judy Ascenzi, Ayse P Gurses, Sybil A Klaus, James C Fackler, Aaron M Milstone
Background: Work system assessments can facilitate successful implementation of quality improvement programs. Using a human factors engineering approach, we conducted a work system assessment to facilitate the dissemination of a quality improvement program for optimizing blood culture use in pediatric intensive care units at 2 hospitals. Methods: Semistructured face-to-face interviews were conducted with clinicians from Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital and University of Virginia Medical Center...
November 20, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165165/perceived-effectiveness-rating-scales-applied-to-insomnia-help-seeking-messages-for-middle-aged-japanese-people-a-validity-and-reliability-study
#4
Machi Suka, Takashi Yamauchi, Hiroyuki Yanagisawa
BACKGROUND: Communicating health messages is an important way to influence people's behaviors towards health issues. Providers need to incorporate audience's perspective to design more persuasive messages. This study aimed to develop rating scales for measuring audience's perception of effectiveness of health messages in Japanese people. METHODS: The comprehensibility scale including five items and the persuasiveness scale including seven items were designed based on literature review...
September 29, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164093/application-of-the-intervention-mapping-framework-to-develop-an-integrated-twenty-first-century-core-curriculum-part-three-curriculum-implementation-and-evaluation
#5
Jaime A Corvin, Rita DeBate, Kate Wolfe-Quintero, Donna J Petersen
Public health professionals have been challenged to radically reform public health training to meet evolving demands of twenty-first century public health. Such a transformation requires a systems thinking approach with an interdisciplinary focus on problem solving, leadership, management and teamwork, technology and information, budgeting and finance, and communication. This article presents processes for implementing and evaluating a revised public health curriculum and outlines lessons learned from this initiative...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163943/rehabilitation-for-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-patient-experiences-of-a-structured-goal-planning-and-tailored-follow-up-programme
#6
Turid Nygaard Dager, Ingvild Kjeken, Gunnhild Berdal, Anne-Lene Sand-Svartrud, Ingvild Bø, Anne Dingsør, Siv Grødal Eppeland, Jon Hagfors, Bente Hamnes, Merete Nielsen, Bente Slungaard, Sigrid Hørven Wigers, Mona-Iren Hauge
Objective: To explore the significance of the content of rehabilitation in terms of achieving a personal outcome, and to understand the significance of tailored follow-up interventions for individual efforts to prolong health behaviour change after rehabilitation. Design: Semi-structured interviews with patients who had received an extended rehabilitation programme. All interviews were transcribed verbatim. A thematic analysis was applied. Subjects: A purposeful sample of 18 patients with rheumatic diseases who had attended specialized multidisciplinary rehabilitation with an extended programme consisting of a self-help booklet, structured goal-setting talks and tailored follow-up calls based on motivational interviewing...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163939/infection-prevention-and-control-measures-and-tools-for-the-prevention-of-entry-of-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-into-healthcare-settings-guidance-from-the-european-centre-for-disease-prevention-and-control
#7
A P Magiorakos, K Burns, J Rodríguez Baño, M Borg, G Daikos, U Dumpis, J C Lucet, M L Moro, E Tacconelli, G Skov Simonsen, E Szilágyi, A Voss, J T Weber
Background: Infections with carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are increasingly being reported from patients in healthcare settings. They are associated with high patient morbidity, attributable mortality and hospital costs. Patients who are "at-risk" may be carriers of these multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (MDR-E).The purpose of this guidance is to raise awareness and identify the "at-risk" patient when admitted to a healthcare setting and to outline effective infection prevention and control measures to halt the entry and spread of CRE...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163726/beyond-equality-providing-equitable-care-for-persons-with-disabilities
#8
Scott Wakeham, Sally Heung, Janet Lee, Cheryl A Sadowski
Background: Almost 14% of Canadians have a disability, and older adults are most commonly affected. People living with disabilities have challenges accessing health care services, including medications and other services provided in pharmacies. Methods: A literature review was conducted regarding disability and pharmacy services. Resources regarding accessibility were also incorporated. Results: A number of organizations provide guidance on caring for those with disabilities...
July 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162571/classroom-promotion-of-oral-language-cpol-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-school-based-intervention-to-improve-children-s-literacy-outcomes-at-grade-3-oral-language-and-mental-health
#9
Sharon Goldfeld, Pamela Snow, Patricia Eadie, John Munro, Lisa Gold, Ha N D Le, Francesca Orsini, Beth Shingles, Katherine Lee, Judy Connell, Amy Watts
INTRODUCTION: Oral language and literacy competence are major influences on children's developmental pathways and life success. Children who do not develop the necessary language and literacy skills in the early years of school then go on to face long-term difficulties. Improving teacher effectiveness may be a critical step in lifting oral language and literacy outcomes. The Classroom Promotion of Oral Language trial aims to determine whether a specifically designed teacher professional learning programme focusing on promoting oral language can lead to improved teacher knowledge and practice, and advance outcomes in oral language and literacy for early years school children, compared with usual practice...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162518/ripe-for-solution-delayed-development-of-multisensory-processing-in-autism-and-its-remediation
#10
REVIEW
Shlomit Beker, John J Foxe, Sophie Molholm
Difficulty integrating inputs from different sensory sources is commonly reported in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Accumulating evidence consistently points to altered patterns of behavioral reactions and neural activity when individuals with ASD observe or act upon information arriving through multiple sensory systems. For example, impairments in the integration of seen and heard speech appear to be particularly acute, with obvious implications for interpersonal communication. Here, we explore the literature on multisensory processing in autism with a focus on developmental trajectories...
November 18, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162357/2017-guidelines-for-the-management-of-arterial-hypertension-in-primary-health-care-in-portuguese-speaking-countries
#11
Gláucia Maria Moraes de Oliveira, Miguel Mendes, Marcus Vinícius Bolívar Malachias, João Morais, Osni Moreira Filho, Armando Serra Coelho, Daniel Pires Capingana, Vanda Azevedo, Irenita Soares, Alda Menete, Beatriz Ferreira, Miryan Bandeira Dos Prazeres Cassandra Soares, Mário Fernandes
The World Health Organization goal's to reduce mortality due to chronic non-communicable diseases by 2% per year demands a huge effort from member countries. This challenge for health professionals requires global political action on implementation of social measures, with cost-effective population interventions to reduce chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. Systemic arterial hypertension is highly prevalent in Portuguese-speaking countries, and is a major risk factor for complications such as stroke, acute myocardial infarction and chronic kidney disease, rivaling dyslipidemia and obesity in importance for the development of atherosclerotic disease...
November 18, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162321/a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-determine-the-effectiveness-of-a-novel-digital-pendant-and-voice-reminder-platform-on-increasing-infant-immunization-adherence-in-rural-udaipur-india
#12
Ruchit Nagar, Preethi Venkat, Logan D Stone, Kyle A Engel, Praneeth Sadda, Mohammed Shahnawaz
BACKGROUND: Five hundred thousand children under the age of 5 die from vaccine preventable diseases in India every year. More than just improving coverage, increasing timeliness of immunizations is critical to ensuring infant health in the first year of life. Novel, culturally appropriate community engagement strategies are worth exploring to close the immunization gap. In our study, a digital NFC (Near Field Communication) pendant worn on black thread and voice call reminder system was tested for the effectiveness in improving DTP3 adherence within 2 monthly camps from DTP1 administration...
November 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162136/no-long-term-effect-of-a-2-days-intervention-on-how-to-prepare-homemade-food-on-toddlers-skepticism-for-new-food-and-intake-of-fruits-and-vegetables-and-sweet-beverages-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
C Beinert, S Hernes, M Haugen, N C Øverby
OBJECTIVE: Optimal nutrition from early age reduces the risk of developing non-communicable diseases later in life. The aim of this study was to examine the long-term effect on toddlers' fruit and vegetable intake and sweet beverages, and skepticism for new food, of a 2-days' intervention on how to prepare homemade food for toddlers. RESULTS: The effect of the cooking intervention was evaluated by a randomized, controlled trial where 110 parents of 4-6 months old infants were included...
November 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162094/threats-to-patient-safety-in-primary-care-reported-by-older-people-with-multimorbidity-baseline-findings-from-a-longitudinal-qualitative-study-and-implications-for-intervention
#14
Rebecca Hays, Gavin Daker-White, Aneez Esmail, Wendy Barlow, Brian Minor, Benjamin Brown, Thomas Blakeman, Caroline Sanders, Peter Bower
BACKGROUND: In primary care, older patients with multimorbidity (two or more long-term conditions) are especially likely to experience patient safety incidents. Risks to safety in this setting arise as a result of patient, staff and system factors; particularly where these interact or fail to do so. Recent research and policy highlight the important contribution patients can make to improving safety. Older patients with multimorbidity may have the most to gain from increasing their involvement but before interventions can be developed to support them to improve their patient safety, more needs to be known about how this is threatened and how patients respond to perceived threats...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161836/a-frailty-model-for-intervention-effectiveness-against-disease-transmission-when-implemented-with-unobservable-heterogeneity
#15
Ping Yan
For an intervention against the spread of communicable diseases, the idealized situation is when individuals fully comply with the intervention and the exposure to the infectious agent is comparable across all individuals. Some level of non-compliance is likely where the intervention is widely implemented. The focus is on a more accurate view of its effects population-wide. A frailty model is applied. Qualitative analysis, in mathematical terms, reveals how large variability in compliance renders the intervention less effective...
February 1, 2018: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161137/pragmatic-competence-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-impact-of-theory-of-mind-verbal-working-memory-adhd-symptoms-and-structural-language
#16
Inmaculada Baixauli-Fortea, Ana Miranda Casas, Carmen Berenguer-Forner, Carla Colomer-Diago, Belén Roselló-Miranda
The primary aim of this study is to increase the existing knowledge about the pragmatic skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Specifically, the study has two objectives. The first is to provide a profile of characteristics based on The Children's Communication Checklist (CCC-2) pragmatics scales (inappropriate initiation, stereotyped language, use of context, nonverbal communication, and general pragmatics) and narrative task indicators. To this end, children with ASD will be compared to children with typical development (TD), controlling the effects of sex and structural language (speech, syntax, semantics, coherence)...
November 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161072/sexual-assertiveness-skills-and-sexual-decision-making-in-adolescent-girls-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-online-program
#17
Laura Widman, Carol E Golin, Kristyn Kamke, Jeni L Burnette, Mitchell J Prinstein
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of an interactive, Web-based sexual health program (Health Education and Relationship Training [HEART]) for developing sexual assertiveness skills and enhancing sexual decision-making in adolescent girls. METHODS: Participants were 222 tenth-grade girls (mean age = 15.2; 38% White, 29% Hispanic, 25% Black) in the Southeastern United States who were randomized in fall 2015 to the HEART intervention or an attention-matched control...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160499/theory-of-communicative-action-a-basis-for-the-development-of-critical-thinking
#18
Diana Paula de Souza Rego Pinto Carvalho, Allyne Fortes Vitor, Ana Luísa Petersen Cogo, Viviane Euzébia Pereira Santos, Marcos Antonio Ferreira
Reflections on some assumptions of the theory of Communicative Action and the development of Critical Thinking in the context of training students in undergraduate nursing courses. The perspective is based on concepts of Jürgen Habermas, as a possibility for the development of critical thinking among the students of these courses. Communication is therefore understood as inherent in the training of nurses in a continuous, dynamic, dialogical process, with interventions that are related to the context of the students and that have meaning for them, in order to contribute to the promotion of Critical Thinking...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160478/family-resilience-and-chemical-dependency-perception-of-mental-health-professionals
#19
Sonia Regina Zerbetto, Sueli Aparecida Frari Galera, Bianca Oliveira Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: To learn the perception of health professionals from the Psychosocial Attention Center for Alcohol and Other Drugs regarding the resilience attributes that are critical to family members of psychoactive substance dependents. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study conducted from February to May 2016, using a focus group technique for data collection. In total, 15 professionals participated in the study: 13 health professionals and two administrative professionals...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159862/mass-media-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-adults
#20
REVIEW
Malgorzata M Bala, Lukasz Strzeszynski, Roman Topor-Madry
BACKGROUND: Mass media tobacco control campaigns can reach large numbers of people. Much of the literature is focused on the effects of tobacco control advertising on young people, but there are also a number of evaluations of campaigns targeting adult smokers, which show mixed results. Campaigns may be local, regional or national, and may be combined with other components of a comprehensive tobacco control policy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of mass media interventions in reducing smoking among adults...
November 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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