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Pm 10 and children

J M Lai, F Q Wu, Z X Zhou, X Y Yuan, G X Su, S N Li, Y C Yan, J Zhu, M Kang
Objective: To evaluate the utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in diagnosis of juvenile dermatomyositis and polymyositis (JDM-PM) in children. Method: Fifty-four patients with JDM-PM in the active stage were enrolled in the study group. Twelve patients with benign acute childhood myositis and forty patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) complicated with myositis were enrolled as controls. MRI imaging of thighs was performed in all patients, fast spin echo T1WI, T2WI, and STIR were obtained in all patients...
October 2, 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Shan He, Zhe Mou, Li Peng, Jie Chen
Meteorological and environmental factors influence the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis (AR). An understanding of the risk factors will facilitate the development of diagnostic and preventative tools for AR children and improve their quality of life. However, research on the impact of these factors on subjective symptoms in AR children remains scarce. This study explored the relationships between subjective symptoms in pollen and dust mite positive AR children, and meteorological and environmental factors...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Monique Wasunna, Simon Njenga, Manica Balasegaram, Neal Alexander, Raymond Omollo, Tansy Edwards, Thomas P C Dorlo, Brima Musa, Mohammed Hassan Sharaf Ali, Mohammed Yasein Elamin, George Kirigi, Rashid Juma, Anke E Kip, Gerard J Schoone, Asrat Hailu, Joseph Olobo, Sally Ellis, Robert Kimutai, Susan Wells, Eltahir Awad Gasim Khalil, Nathalie Strub Wourgaft, Fabiana Alves, Ahmed Musa
BACKGROUND: SSG&PM over 17 days is recommended as first line treatment for visceral leishmaniasis in eastern Africa, but is painful and requires hospitalization. Combination regimens including AmBisome and miltefosine are safe and effective in India, but there are no published data from trials of combination therapies including these drugs from Africa. METHODS: A phase II open-label, non-comparative randomized trial was conducted in Sudan and Kenya to evaluate the efficacy and safety of three treatment regimens: 10 mg/kg single dose AmBisome plus 10 days of SSG (20 mg/kg/day), 10 mg/kg single dose AmBisome plus 10 days of miltefosine (2...
September 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Mark E Sharafinski, Elizabeth Sehnert, David Moe, Liyun Zhang, Pippa Simpson, Nghia J Vo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether embedding into the radiology report a patient-specific plan in the event of gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tube dysfunction reduces the need for after-hours utilization of pediatric interventional radiology resources for the replacement of GJ tubes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliant, institutional review board-approved retrospective repeated cross-sectional study of patients requiring after-hours (5 PM-7 AM) or weekend (Saturday and Sunday) GJ tube replacement at a dedicated children's hospital, before and after the inclusion of a patient-specific plan in the radiology report as part of the electronic medical record...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Sofía Rincón-Gallardo Patiño, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Eric Alejandro Flores Monterrubio, Jennifer L Harris, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Juan A Rivera, Simón Barquera
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports that television food advertisements influence children's food preferences and their consumption. However, few studies have examined the extent and nature of food marketing to children in low and middle income countries. This study aims to assess the nutritional quality of foods and beverages advertised on Mexican TV, applying the Mexican, World Health Organization (WHO) European and United Kingdom (UKNPM) nutrient profile models, before the Mexican regulation on food marketing came into effect...
2016: BMC Public Health
Annette Vriens, Tim S Nawrot, Nelly D Saenen, Eline B Provost, Michal Kicinski, Wouter Lefebvre, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Jan Van Deun, Olivier De Wever, Karen Vrijens, Patrick De Boever, Michelle Plusquin
BACKGROUND: Ultrafine particles (<100 nm) are ubiquitous present in the air and may contribute to adverse cardiovascular effects. Exposure to air pollutants can alter miRNA expression, which can affect downstream signaling pathways. miRNAs are present both in the intracellular and extracellular environment. In adults, miR-222 and miR-146a were identified as associated with particulate matter exposure. However, there is little evidence of molecular effects of ambient air pollution in children...
2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Qing Ye, Jun-Fen Fu, Jian-Hua Mao, Shi-Qiang Shang
This study investigated whether respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in children was associated with ambient temperature and air pollutants in Hangzhou, China. A distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) was used to estimate the effects of daily meteorological data and air pollutants on the incidence of RSV infection among children. A total of 3650 childhood RSV infection cases were included in the study. The highest air pollutant concentrations were in January to May and October to December during the year...
July 20, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Wei Han, Li Jiang, Jian-Nan Ma, Xiao-Jie Song, Rong He
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in clinical features of childhood purulent meningitis (PM) caused by Escherichia coli and Streptococcus pneumoniae, and to provide help for the selection of antibiotics for PM children with unknown etiology. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of children with PM caused by Escherichia coli (12 children) or Streptococcus pneumoniae (15 children). RESULTS: Compared with the Streptococcus pneumoniae infection group, the Escherichia coli infection group had a significantly higher proportion of children with an age of onset of <3 months and a significantly higher incidence rate of convulsion, but significantly lower incidence rates of severe fever (>39°C) and disturbance of consciousness and a significantly lower proportion of children with an increased leukocyte count at diagnosis (>12×10(9)/L)...
July 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Jostein Steene-Johannessen, Sigmund A Anderssen, Katrine N Aadland, Geir K Resaland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Craig A Harms
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Wenjie Shan, Yanming Lu, Yinshi Guo, Yaqin Li, Lingyun Xu, Lanfang Cao
To assess the association between the concentration of ambient particulate matter (PM) and the pediatric clinical visits for wheezing among children under 3 years old, data of daily air pollutants (PM2.5, PM10, NO2, SO2, CO), meteorological reports, along with the number of daily clinical visits of the children with wheezing at the Pediatric Department of Shanghai Renji Hospital (South Campus) were collected from January through December 2014. Correlation between the levels of air pollutants and the number of clinical patients for wheezing were analyzed by a time series analysis with a generalized addictive model (GAM)...
October 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Emilia M Pinto, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, John Kim Choi, Stanley Pounds, Zhifa Liu, Geoff Neale, David Finkelstein, John M Hicks, Alberto Pappo, Bonald C Figueiredo, Raul C Ribeiro, Gerard P Zambetti
PURPOSE: Histological markers that differentiate benign and malignant pediatric adrenocortical tumors (ACTs) are lacking. Previous studies have implicated an association of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II expression with ACT prognosis. Here we determined the expression of MHC class II as well as the cell of origin of these immunological markers in pediatric ACT. The impact of MHC class II gene expression on outcome was determined in a cohort of uniformly-treated children with adrenocortical carcinomas...
June 15, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Masanari Watanabe, Hisashi Noma, Jun Kurai, Hiroyuki Sano, Degejirihu Hantan, Masaru Ueki, Hiroya Kitano, Eiji Shimizu
BACKGROUND: The relationship between airborne particulate matter (PM) and pulmonary function in children has not been consistent among studies, potentially owing to differences in the inflammatory response to PM, based on PM types and sources. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of airborne PM on pulmonary function in schoolchildren and its potential for an inflammatory response. METHODS: Daily morning peak expiratory flow (PEF) was measured in 339 schoolchildren in February 2015...
June 1, 2016: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
Laura M Vos, Janneke A E Kammeraad, Matthias W Freund, Andreas C Blank, Johannes M P J Breur
AIM: Evaluation of long-term outcome of transvenous pacemaker (PM) implantation in infants. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective analysis of all transvenous PM implantations in infants <10 kg between September 1997 and October 2001 was made. Indications for PM implantation, age at implantation, and determinants of long-term outcome including cardiac function, PM function, and PM (system) complications were noted. Seven patients underwent transvenous VVI(R) PM implantation...
May 31, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Jessica A Sagona, Stuart L Shalat, Zuocheng Wang, Maya Ramagopal, Kathleen Black, Marta Hernandez, Gediminas Mainelis
Accurate characterization of particulate matter (PM) exposure in young children is difficult, because personal samplers are often too heavy, bulky or impractical to be used. The Pretoddler Inhalable Particulate Environmental Robotic (PIPER) sampler was developed to help address this problem. In this study, we measured inhalable PM exposures in 2-year-olds via a lightweight personal sampler worn in a small backpack and evaluated the use of a robotic sampler with an identical sampling train for estimating PM exposure in this age group...
May 11, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
Marco Daverio, Silvia Bressan, Dario Gregori, Franz E Babl, Mark T Mackay
OBJECTIVES: In-hospital factors contribute more to delayed diagnosis of childhood arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) than prehospital factors. We aimed to explore process and patient factors associated with type of and timing to neuroimaging in childhood AIS in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: This was a retrospective hospital registry-based study of children with AIS, presenting to an Australian tertiary pediatric ED between January 2003 and December 2012. Neuroimaging data and timelines of care were also collected from referring hospitals for transferred patients...
September 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Amit U Raysoni, Rodrigo X Armijos, M Margaret Weigel, Teresa Montoya, Patricia Eschanique, Marcia Racines, Wen-Whai Li
An air monitoring campaign to assess children's environmental exposures in schools and residences, both indoors and outdoors, was conducted in 2010 in three low-income neighborhoods in Z1 (north), Z2 (central), and Z3 (southeast) zones of Quito, Ecuador - a major urban center of 2.2 million inhabitants situated 2850 m above sea level in a narrow mountainous basin. Z1 zone, located in northern Quito, historically experienced emissions from quarries and moderate traffic. Z2 zone was influenced by heavy traffic in contrast to Z3 zone which experienced low traffic densities...
July 2016: Environmental Pollution
Mariangela Cerasuolo, Fiorenza Giganti, Francesca Conte, Lucia Maria Costanzo, Ciro Della Monica, Cinzia Arzilli, Rosa Marchesano, Arianna Perrella, Gianluca Ficca
Despite its clinical importance, the issue of the diurnal time course of sleepiness and performance in children remains largely unexplored. The objective of this study is to draw a profile of daytime subjective sleepiness and performance, at simple and complex tasks, in a cohort of Italian primary school children.To this aim, a sample of 316 children (age range: 5-11 years; mean 8.2 ± 1.5) was recruited and sub-divided into three groups, according to age: Group 1 (5-7 years; N = 127), Group 2 (8-9 years; N = 108), Group 3 (10-11 years; N = 81)...
2016: Chronobiology International
Masanari Watanabe, Hisashi Noma, Jun Kurai, Degejirihu Hantan, Naoto Burioka, Sachiko Nakamoto, Hiroyuki Sano, Jumpei Taniguchi, Eiji Shimizu
Outdoor fungi are important components of airborne particulate matter (PM). However, the associations between pulmonary function and outdoor fungi are less well known compared to other airborne PM constituents. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between outdoor fungi and pulmonary function in children. Morning peak expiratory flow (PEF) rates were measured daily in 339 schoolchildren (including 36 with asthma), aged 10 to 12, 2 to 27 February 2015. Airborne PM was collected on filters, using a high volume air sampler, each day during the study period...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Marta Oliveira, Klara Slezakova, Cristina Delerue-Matos, Maria Carmo Pereira, Simone Morais
This study evaluated concentrations of main air pollutants in a Portuguese preschool (indoors/outdoors) environment, with emphasis on elemental characterization of different PM fractions, and estimated risks for the pupils (aged 3-5 years). With exception to total volatile organic compounds, levels of PM10, PM2.5, CO, CO2, and formaldehyde were below legislative guidelines. Calcium, sodium, aluminium, and potassium were the most abundant elements in indoor PM (82-84% of the analysed content) resulting mainly from crustal sources...
July 2016: Environmental Pollution
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