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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632019/underappreciated-challenges-to-pediatric-powered-mobility-ways-to-address-them-as-illustrated-by-a-case-report
#1
Miriam L Weinstein, Michele Lloyd, Kirstie A Finch, Abbigayle D Laszacs
Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA) has published a position paper strongly advocating powered mobility (PM) for children with severe physical limitations (Rosen et al., 2009). Many studies have established that there are gains in social skills and functional mobility. While PM can aid independence, there has been more emphasis on the improvements in socialization rather than the positive changes PM can make in a child's daily living. For example, Bottos and colleagues stated the quality of life did not change for the children in their study (2001)...
February 14, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580668/changes-in-physical-activity-in-the-school-afterschool-and-evening-periods-during-the-transition-from-elementary-to-middle-school
#2
Erica Y Lau, Marsha Dowda, Kerry L McIver, Russell R Pate
BACKGROUND: We examined longitudinal changes in children's physical activity during the school day, afterschool, and evening across fifth, sixth, and seventh grades. METHODS: The analytical sample included children who had valid accelerometer data in fifth grade and at least one other time-point, and provided complete sociodemographic information (N = 768, 751, and 612 for the 3 time-periods studied). Accelerometer-derived total physical activity (TPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were expressed in minutes per hour for the school day (∼7:45 am to 3:30 pm), afterschool (∼2:25 to 6:00 pm), and evening (6:00 to 10:00 pm) periods...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520853/association-of-social-support-and-cognitive-aging-modified-by-sex-and-relationship-type-a-prospective-investigation-in-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#3
Jing Liao, Shaun Scholes
We examined whether between-person differences (PM) and within-person change in levels of social support were associated with age-related cognitive decline, and whether these associations varied by sex and by relationship type. Executive function and memory scores over eight years (2002-2010) were analysed by mixture models (10,241 adults' aged≥50 years) in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. PM and within-person change in positive social support and negative social support were independently associated with cognitive decline in different ways by sex and relationship type...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431056/long-term-outcome-of-transvenous-pacemaker-implantation-in-infants-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Laura M Vos, Janneke A E Kammeraad, Matthias W Freund, Andreas C Blank, Johannes M P J Breur
Aim: Evaluation of long-term outcome of transvenous pacemaker (PM) implantation in infants. Methods and Results: A retrospective analysis of all transvenous PM implantations in infants <10 kg between September 1997 and October 2001 was made. Indications for PM implantation, age at implantation, and determinants of long-term outcome including cardiac function, PM function, and PM (system) complications were noted. Seven patients underwent transvenous VVI(R) PM implantation...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424616/whole-blood-cytokine-response-to-local-traffic-related-particulate-matter-in-peruvian-children-with-and-without-asthma
#5
Jesse P Negherbon, Karina Romero, D'Ann L Williams, Rafael E Guerrero-Preston, Thomas Hartung, Alan L Scott, Patrick N Breysse, William Checkley, Nadia N Hansel
This study sought to investigate if acute phase immune responses of whole blood from Peruvian children with controlled and uncontrolled asthma differed from children without asthma, following exposure to traffic-related particulate matter (TRPM). TRPM, including particulate matter from diesel combustion, has been shown to stimulate acute airway inflammation in individuals with and without asthma. For this study, a whole blood assay (WBA) was used to test peripheral whole blood samples from 27 children with asthma, and 12 without asthma...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424243/nutrition-and-high-flow-nasal-cannula-respiratory-support-in-children-with-bronchiolitis
#6
Katherine N Slain, Natalia Martinez-Schlurmann, Steven L Shein, Anne Stormorken
OBJECTIVES: No guidelines are available regarding initiation of enteral nutrition in children with bronchiolitis on high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) support. We hypothesized that the incidence of feeding-related adverse events (AEs) would not be associated with HFNC support. METHODS: This retrospective study included children ≤24 months old with bronchiolitis receiving HFNC in a PICU from September 2013 through April 2014. Data included demographics, respiratory support during feeding, and feeding-related AEs...
May 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416429/-life-threatening-sleepwalking-elpenor-s-syndrome-in-a-10-year-old-child
#7
M-A Madigand-Tordjman, P-J Egler, F Bertran, M Jokic, F Guénolé
Though benign in the majority of cases, sleepwalking sometimes causes injuries due, among other causes, to falls. Such accidents can be life-threatening - a situation that has been termed Elpenor syndrome (in reference to an accident experienced by a character in Homer's epic The Odyssey) - in particular when entailing defenestration. This syndrome has been described in adults and adolescents; we report here a case in a child. OBSERVATION: This 10-year-old girl was admitted at night to our hospital after a 3-m fall at home...
April 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369090/rapid-mapping-of-urinary-schistosomiasis-an-appraisal-of-the-diagnostic-efficacy-of-some-questionnaire-based-indices-among-high-school-students-in-katsina-state-northwestern-nigeria
#8
Tolulope Ebenezer Atalabi, Taiwo Oluwakemi Adubi, Umar Lawal
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, over 200 million individuals are estimated to be infected with urinary and intestinal schistosomiasis. In a bid to lay a foundation for effective future control programme, this study was carried out with the aim of assessing the diagnostic efficacy of some questionnaire-based rapid assessment indices of urinary schistosomiasis. METHODOLOGY: A total number of 1,363 subjects were enrolled for the study. Questionnaires were administered basically in English and Hausa languages by trained personnel...
April 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284326/effects-of-particulate-matter-on-respiratory-disease-and-the-impact-of-meteorological-factors-in-busan-korea
#9
Eun-Jung Jo, Woo-Seop Lee, Hyun-Young Jo, Chang-Hoon Kim, Jung-Seop Eom, Jeong-Ha Mok, Mi-Hyun Kim, Kwangha Lee, Ki-Uk Kim, Min-Ki Lee, Hye-Kyung Park
BACKGROUND: Both air pollution and weather impact hospitalization for respiratory diseases. However, few studies have investigated the contribution of weather to hospitalization related to the adverse effects of air pollution. This study analyzed the effects of particulate matter (PM) on daily respiratory-related hospital admissions, taking into account meteorological factors. METHODS: Daily hospital admissions for respiratory diseases (acute bronchitis, allergic rhinitis, and asthma) between 2007 and 2010 were extracted from the National Health Insurance Corporation, Korea...
March 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231656/-acute-effect-of-ambient-air-pollution-on-small-airway-lung-functions-among-school-children-in-shanghai
#10
L J Zhang, C Y Guo, H H Xu, D Xu, X B Shen, X Y Du, M H Zhang, J G Tan, J H Zhang, C Y Dong, H L Qian, Y W Shi, M Z Pan, X D Zhou
Objective: To study the acute effects of compound ambient air pollution on small airway lung functions among school children in Shanghai. Method: A longitudinal survey on lung functions was conducted among 233 school-children from three schools (A, B and C, located in innerring, mid-ring and outer-ring areas). Lung function test was performed once a week for 3 times respectively, among children in school A and B in Dec. 2013 and in school C in Dec. 2014. The fourth lung function test was tested in Jun. 2014 and May 2015 in the respective schools...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184078/food-advertisements-on-uk-television-popular-with-children-a-content-analysis-in-relation-to-dental-health
#11
M Al-Mazyad, N Flannigan, G Burnside, S Higham, E Boyland
Objective To quantify the prevalence of advertising for foods and beverages potentially detrimental to dental health on UK television watched by children.Design Content analysis of pre-recorded television advertisements (adverts).Materials and methods Three hundred and fifty-two hours of television were recorded (one weekday and one weekend day, 6 am - 10 pm) from the main commercial channel (ITV1). All adverts were coded using pre-defined criteria.Setting UK television recorded between January and December 2012...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143550/spectrum-of-paediatric-rheumatic-diseases-in-nigeria
#12
Babatunde Hakeem Olaosebikan, Olufemi Oladipo Adelowo, Barakat Adeola Animashaun, Richard Oluyinka Akintayo
BACKGROUND: Paediatric rheumatology service in Sub-Sahara African is virtually not available as there is a shortage of paediatric rheumatologists and other rheumatology health professionals. We aim to describe the clinical spectrum and the frequencies of paediatric rheumatic diseases (PRDs) in Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH), Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients with PRDs seen over a five year period (March 2010 to February 2016) at the rheumatology clinic and children ward of LASUTH...
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140654/genome-wide-methylation-analysis-identifies-novel-cpg-loci-for-perimembranous-ventricular-septal-defects-in-human
#13
Kim Pj Wijnands, Jun Chen, Liming Liang, Michael Mpj Verbiest, Xihong Lin, Willem A Helbing, Adriana C Gittenberger-de Groot, Peter J van der Spek, André G Uitterlinden, Régine Pm Steegers-Theunissen
AIM: Congenital heart diseases are the most common birth defects worldwide and leading cause of infant mortality. The perimembranous ventricular septal defect is most prevalent. Epigenetics may provide an underlying mechanism of the gene-environment interactions involved. MATERIALS & METHODS: We examined epigenome-wide DNA methylation using the Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip in 84 case children and 196 control children. RESULTS: We identified differential methylation of a CpG locus (cg17001566) within the PRDM16 gene after Bonferroni correction (p = 9...
March 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066878/safety-and-effectiveness-of-sodium-stibogluconate-and-paromomycin-combination-for-the-treatment-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-eastern-africa-results-from-a-pharmacovigilance-programme
#14
Robert Kimutai, Ahmed M Musa, Simon Njoroge, Raymond Omollo, Fabiana Alves, Asrat Hailu, Eltahir A G Khalil, Ermias Diro, Peninah Soipei, Brima Musa, Khalid Salman, Koert Ritmeijer, Francois Chappuis, Juma Rashid, Rezika Mohammed, Asfaw Jameneh, Eyasu Makonnen, Joseph Olobo, Lawrence Okello, Patrick Sagaki, Nathalie Strub, Sally Ellis, Jorge Alvar, Manica Balasegaram, Emilie Alirol, Monique Wasunna
INTRODUCTION: In 2010, WHO recommended a new first-line treatment for visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Eastern Africa. The new treatment, a combination of intravenous (IV) or intramuscular (IM) sodium stibogluconate (SSG) and IM paromomycin (PM) was an improvement over SSG monotherapy, the previous first-line VL treatment in the region. To monitor the new treatment's safety and effectiveness in routine clinical practice a pharmacovigilance (PV) programme was developed. METHODS: A prospective PV cohort was developed...
March 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031546/sunlight-exposure-and-vitamin-d-status-in-breastfed-infants
#15
Pinky Meena, Aashima Dabas, Dheeraj Shah, Rajeev Kumar Malhotra, S V Madhu, Piyush Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the sunlight exposure in first 6 months to vitamin D status at 6 months of age in predominantly breastfed infants; and to quantify the sunlight exposure required to achieve serum 25(OH)D level >20 ng/mL, by 6 months of age. DESIGN: Design: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Tertiary-care hospital predominantly catering to urban poor population in Delhi. PARTICIPANTS: 132 healthy infants, delivered at term, and predominantly breastfed were enrolled at 6-8 weeks of age...
February 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010926/increased-methylation-of-repetitive-elements-and-dna-repair-genes-is-associated-with-higher-dna-oxidation-in-children-in-an-urbanized-industrial-environment
#16
Isabel Alvarado-Cruz, Marco Sánchez-Guerra, Leticia Hernández-Cadena, Andrea De Vizcaya-Ruiz, Violeta Mugica, Nadia Azenet Pelallo-Martínez, María de Jesús Solís-Heredia, Hyang-Min Byun, Andrea Baccarelli, Betzabet Quintanilla-Vega
DNA methylation in DNA repair genes participates in the DNA damage regulation. Particulate matter (PM), which has metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) adsorbed, among others has been linked to adverse health outcomes and may modify DNA methylation. To evaluate PM exposure impact on repetitive elements and gene-specific DNA methylation and DNA damage, we conducted a cross-sectional study in 150 schoolchildren (7-10 years old) from an urbanized, industrial area of the metropolitan area of Mexico City (MAMC), which frequently exhibits PM concentrations above safety standards...
January 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998266/impact-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-on-pneumococcal-meningitis-cases-in-france-between-2001-and-2014-a-time-series-analysis
#17
Anna Alari, Hélène Chaussade, Matthieu Domenech De Cellès, Lénaig Le Fouler, Emmanuelle Varon, Lulla Opatowski, Didier Guillemot, Laurence Watier
BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal meningitis (PM) is a major invasive pneumococcal disease. Two pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) have been introduced in France: PCV7 was recommended in 2003 and replaced in 2010 by PCV13, which has six additional serotypes. The impact of introducing those vaccines on the evolution of PM case numbers and serotype distributions in France from 2001 to 2014 is assessed herein. METHODS: Data on 5166 Streptococcus pneumoniae strains isolated from cerebrospinal fluid between 2001 and 2014 in the 22 regions of France were obtained from the National Reference Center for Pneumococci...
December 21, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987114/when-children-forget-to-remember-effects-of-reduced-working-memory-availability-on-prospective-memory-performance
#18
Lavinia Cheie, Colin MacLeod, Mircea Miclea, Laura Visu-Petra
The preparatory attentional and memory processes theory (PAM) of prospective memory (PM) proposes that prospective remembering is influenced by the variation in the availability of WM resources. Consequently, PM should be impaired when WM resources are reduced either by direct WM manipulation or by individual differences associated with restricted WM performance. Our study tested this prediction in school-age children by examining the independent and interactive effects of three factors known to deplete availability of WM resources: increased processing demands of a concurrent arithmetic task, additional WM span requirements, and high trait anxiety...
December 16, 2016: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984759/systematic-review-of-the-association-between-particulate-matter-exposure-and-autism-spectrum-disorders
#19
REVIEW
María Morales-Suárez-Varela, Isabel Peraita-Costa, Agustín Llopis-González
Particulate matter (PM) as an environmental pollutant is suspected to be associated with autism spectrum disorders. The aim of the present study was to review the epidemiological literature currently available on the relation between PM exposure and diagnosis of ASD. The PubMed database was searched from November 2015 up to January 2016 by one of the authors. We included observational studies (cohort and case-control studies) published in English carried out in children within the last 10 years, measuring PM exposure and health outcomes related to ASD...
February 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966668/predictors-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-exposure-and-internal-dose-in-inner-city-baltimore-children
#20
Kamau O Peters, D' Ann L Williams, Salahadin Abubaker, Jean Curtin-Brosnan, Meredith C McCormack, Roger Peng, Patrick N Breysse, Elizabeth C Matsui, Nadia N Hansel, Gregory B Diette, Paul T Strickland
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), the by-products of incomplete combustion of organic materials, are commonly found on particulate matter (PM) and have been associated with the development of asthma and asthma exacerbation in urban populations. We examined time spent in the home and outdoors as predictors of exposures to airborne PAHs and measured urinary 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide (1-OHPG) as internal dose of PAHs in 118 children aged 5-12 years from Baltimore, MD. During weeklong periods (Saturday-Saturday) in each of four seasons: daily activities were assessed using questionnaires, indoor air nicotine and PM concentrations were monitored, and urine specimens were collected on Tuesday (day 3) and Saturday (day 7) for measurement of 1-OHPG...
May 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
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