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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186837/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-human-skin-diseases-due-to-particulate-matter
#1
Le Thi Nhu Ngoc, Duckshin Park, Yongil Lee, Young-Chul Lee
This study investigated the effects of particulate matter (PM) on human skin diseases by conducting a systematic review of existing literature and performing a meta-analysis. It considered articles reporting an original effect of PM on human skin. From among 918 articles identified, 13 articles were included for further consideration after manual screening of the articles resulted in the exclusion of articles that did not contain data, review articles, editorials, and also articles in languages other than English...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178916/do-hedonic-versus-nutrition-based-attitudes-toward-food-predict-food-choices-a-cross-sectional-study-of-6-to-11-year-olds
#2
Lucile Marty, Maud Miguet, Marie Bournez, Sophie Nicklaus, Stéphanie Chambaron, Sandrine Monnery-Patris
BACKGROUND: Implicit and explicit attitudes are potential precursors of food choices and combine affective and cognitive components that can vary in their relative dominance. Yet, the affective and cognitive components of attitudes toward food can lead to distinct predisposition toward a food item and potentially to different food choices. In the food domain, the affective component pertains to the hedonic tone of consumption, while the cognitive component encompasses nutritional value or health consequences of food...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172680/efficacy-and-safety-of-hld200-delayed-release-and-extended-release-methylphenidate-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
Steven R Pliszka, Timothy E Wilens, Samantha Bostrom, Valerie K Arnold, Andrea Marraffino, Andrew J Cutler, Frank A López, Norberto J DeSousa, Floyd R Sallee, Bev Incledon, Jeffrey H Newcorn
OBJECTIVE: Evening-dosed HLD200 is a delayed-release and extended-release methylphenidate (DR/ER-MPH) formulation consisting of uniform, dual-layered microbeads with an inner drug-loaded core. DR/ER-MPH is designed to delay the initial release of drug by 8-10 hours, and thereafter, provide a controlled, extended drug release to target onset of effect upon awakening that lasts into the evening. This phase 3 study evaluated the safety and efficacy of DR/ER-MPH on symptoms and temporal at-home functional impairment in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
August 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138201/effect-of-iron-and-zinc-biofortified-pearl-millet-consumption-on-growth-and-immune-competence-in-children-aged-12-18-months-in-india-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Saurabh Mehta, Julia L Finkelstein, Sudha Venkatramanan, Samantha L Huey, Shobha A Udipi, Padmini Ghugre, Caleb Ruth, Richard L Canfield, Anura V Kurpad, Ramesh D Potdar, Jere D Haas
INTRODUCTION: Biofortified crops represent a sustainable agricultural solution for the widespread micronutrient malnutrition in India and other resource-limited settings. This study aims to investigate the effect of the consumption of foods prepared with iron- and zinc-biofortified pearl millet (FeZn-PM) by children on biomarkers of iron and zinc status, growth, and immune function. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a randomised controlled feeding trial in identified slums of Mumbai, India among 200 children aged between 12 and 18 months...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134174/associations-between-mother-s-and-children-s-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-the-family-context
#5
MinKyoung Song, Nathan F Dieckmann, Sydnee Stoyles, Youngwon Kim, Julie C Lumeng
The manner in which mothers' and children's moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) are associated across different settings (i.e., at home versus outside of the home, on weekdays versus weekends) is not well understood. The purposes of this study were to: (Strong et al., 2005) describe associations between mothers' and children's levels of MVPA and ST, and (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2008) determine how setting and mothers' and children's characteristics moderate the associations...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089125/particle-related-exposure-dose-and-lung-cancer-risk-of-primary-school-children-in-two-european-countries
#6
A Pacitto, L Stabile, M Viana, M Scungio, C Reche, X Querol, A Alastuey, I Rivas, M Álvarez-Pedrerol, J Sunyer, B L van Drooge, J O Grimalt, R Sozzi, P Vigo, G Buonanno
Schools represent a critical microenvironment in terms of air quality due to the proximity to outdoor particle sources and the frequent lack of proper ventilation and filtering systems. Moreover, the population exposed in schools (i.e. children) represents a susceptible population due to their age. Air quality-based studies involving students' exposure at schools are still scarce and often limited to mass-based particle metrics and may thus underestimate the possible effect of sub-micron particles and particle toxicity...
October 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031119/index-analysis-and-human-health-risk-model-application-for-evaluating-ambient-air-heavy-metal-contamination-in-chemical-valley-sarnia
#7
Richard Olawoyin, Linda Schweitzer, Kuangyuan Zhang, Oladapo Okareh, Kevin Slates
The impacts of air emissions as a consequence of industrial activities around communities of human habitation have been extensively reported. This study is the first to assess potential adverse human health effects in the Chemical Valley Sarnia (CVS) area, around the St. Clair River, using health risk models, ecological and pollution indices. Large quantities of particulate matters (PM) are generated from anthropogenic activities, which contain several heavy metals in trace quantities with potentially adverse effects to humans and environmental health...
October 11, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951086/trends-in-pneumococcal-meningitis-hospitalizations-following-the-introduction-of-the-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-the-united-states
#8
David M Jacobs, Francine Yung, Emily Hart, Melanie N H Nguyen, Amy Shaver
BACKGROUND: The 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) was introduced in 2010 in the U.S. and its impact on pneumococcal meningitis (PM) is unknown. We assessed the impact of PCV13 on PM hospitalization rates 4years after the vaccine was introduced. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the National Inpatient Sample from 2008-2014. Patients with an ICD-9-CM code for PM (320.1) were identified and rates calculated using US Census data as the denominator...
October 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935614/randomized-trial-of-interventions-to-improve-childhood-asthma-in-homes-with-wood-burning-stoves
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Curtis W Noonan, Erin O Semmens, Paul Smith, Solomon W Harrar, Luke Montrose, Emily Weiler, Marcy McNamara, Tony J Ward
BACKGROUND: Household air pollution due to biomass combustion for residential heating adversely affects vulnerable populations. Randomized controlled trials to improve indoor air quality in homes of children with asthma are limited, and no such studies have been conducted in homes using wood for heating. OBJECTIVES: Our aims were to test the hypothesis that household-level interventions, specifically improved-technology wood-burning appliances or air-filtration devices, would improve health measures, in particular Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) scores, relative to placebo, among children living with asthma in homes with wood-burning stoves...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870866/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-an-environmental-management-program-on-exposure-to-manganese-in-a-mining-zone-in-mexico
#10
Marlene Cortez-Lugo, Hortensia Moreno Macías, Sergio Montes, Yaneth Rodríguez Agudelo, David Hernández Bonilla, Minerva Catalán-Vázquez, Raúl Díaz Godoy, Sandra Leticia Rodríguez Dozal
BACKGROUND: In the state of Hidalgo, Mexico, is found the largest second deposit of Manganese (Mn) in Latin America. Various studies on the sources of emission, exposure, and the effects on the health of children and adults have been conducted utilizing an ecosystem approach. Given the findings of Mn levels in air and the neurocognitive effects, an Environmental Management Program (EMP) was designed and implemented with the purpose of reducing exposure to Mn of the population, including various actions for reducing Mn emissions into the atmosphere...
September 1, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861602/episodic-future-thinking-improves-children-s-prospective-memory-performance-in-a-complex-task-setting-with-real-life-task-demands
#11
A Kretschmer-Trendowicz, K M Schnitzspahn, L Reuter, M Altgassen
Research on children's prospective memory (PM) shows an increase of performance across childhood and provides first evidence that encoding strategies such as episodic future thinking (EFT; i.e., engaging in a vivid prospection of oneself performing future tasks) may improve performance. The present study aimed at testing whether the beneficial effects of EFT extend from typical lab-based tasks to more complex tasks with real life demands. Further, it was tested whether children's ability to project themselves into different perspectives (i...
August 31, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818510/breathing-mode-influence-on-craniofacial-development-and-head-posture
#12
Annel Chambi-Rocha, Maria Eugenia Cabrera-Domínguez, Antonia Domínguez-Reyes
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of abnormal breathing and its consequences on craniofacial development is increasing, and is not limited to children with adenoid faces. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cephalometric differences in craniofacial structures and head posture between nasal breathing (NB) and oral breathing (OB) children and teenagers with a normal facial growth pattern. METHOD: Ninety-eight 7-16 year-old patients with a normal facial growth pattern were clinically and radiographically evaluated...
August 14, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793987/testing-the-direction-of-effects-between-child-body-composition-and-restrictive-feeding-practices-results-from-a-population-based-cohort
#13
Ivonne Pm Derks, Henning Tiemeier, Eric Jg Sijbrands, Jan M Nicholson, Trudy Voortman, Frank C Verhulst, Vincent Wv Jaddoe, Pauline W Jansen
Background: Parental restrictive feeding (i.e., limiting food intake of children) has been linked to childhood overweight. However, the directionality of the causal pathway remains unknown.Objective: The objectives of this study were to examine the bidirectional association of maternal restrictive feeding with children's weight and body composition across childhood and to explore a possible mediating role of maternal concern about child weight.Design: Data were available for 4689 mother-child dyads participating in Generation R, a prospective birth cohort in the Netherlands...
September 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763933/short-term-association-between-ambient-air-pollution-and-pneumonia-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-time-series-and-case-crossover-studies
#14
REVIEW
Nguyen Thi Trang Nhung, Heresh Amini, Christian Schindler, Meltem Kutlar Joss, Tran Minh Dien, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Laura Perez, Nino Künzli
Ambient air pollution has been associated with respiratory diseases in children. However, its effects on pediatric pneumonia have not been meta-analyzed. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the short-term association between ambient air pollution and hospitalization of children due to pneumonia. We searched the Web of Science and PubMed for indexed publications up to January 2017. Pollutant-specific excess risk percentage (ER%) and confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using random effect models for particulate matter (PM) with diameter ≤ 10 (PM10) and ≤2...
November 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738469/-analysis-on-geographic-distribution-of-high-blood-pressure-prevalence-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-7-18-years-in-china-2014
#15
Y H Dong, Z Y Zou, Z H Wang, S Wang, Z P Yang, Y J Chen, J Ma
Objective: To understand and evaluate the characteristics of geographic distribution of high blood pressure prevalence in children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in China in 2014, and provide evidence for the prevention of hypertension in children and adolescents. Methods: The data of 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students Constitution and Health conducting 31 provinces (except Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) were collected. A total of 216 299 children and adolescents who had complete blood pressure records were selected as study subjects...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632019/underappreciated-challenges-to-pediatric-powered-mobility-ways-to-address-them-as-illustrated-by-a-case-report
#16
Miriam L Weinstein, Michele Lloyd, Kirstie A Finch, Abbigayle D Laszacs
Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA) has published a position paper strongly advocating powered mobility (PM) for children with severe physical limitations (Rosen et al., 2009). Many studies have established that there are gains in social skills and functional mobility. While PM can aid independence, there has been more emphasis on the improvements in socialization rather than the positive changes PM can make in a child's daily living. For example, Bottos and colleagues stated the quality of life did not change for the children in their study (2001)...
February 14, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580668/changes-in-physical-activity-in-the-school-afterschool-and-evening-periods-during-the-transition-from-elementary-to-middle-school
#17
Erica Y Lau, Marsha Dowda, Kerry L McIver, Russell R Pate
BACKGROUND: We examined longitudinal changes in children's physical activity during the school day, afterschool, and evening across fifth, sixth, and seventh grades. METHODS: The analytical sample included children who had valid accelerometer data in fifth grade and at least one other time-point, and provided complete sociodemographic information (N = 768, 751, and 612 for the 3 time-periods studied). Accelerometer-derived total physical activity (TPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were expressed in minutes per hour for the school day (∼7:45 am to 3:30 pm), afterschool (∼2:25 to 6:00 pm), and evening (6:00 to 10:00 pm) periods...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520853/association-of-social-support-and-cognitive-aging-modified-by-sex-and-relationship-type-a-prospective-investigation-in-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#18
Jing Liao, Shaun Scholes
We examined whether between-persons differences and within-person changes in levels of social support were associated with age-related cognitive decline and whether these associations varied by sex and by relationship type. Executive function and memory scores over 8 years (2002-2010) were analyzed by mixture models among 10,241 adults aged ≥50 years in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Between-persons differences and within-person changes in positive social support and negative social support were independently associated with cognitive decline in different ways according to sex and relationship type...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431056/long-term-outcome-of-transvenous-pacemaker-implantation-in-infants-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Laura M Vos, Janneke A E Kammeraad, Matthias W Freund, Andreas C Blank, Johannes M P J Breur
Aim: Evaluation of long-term outcome of transvenous pacemaker (PM) implantation in infants. Methods and Results: A retrospective analysis of all transvenous PM implantations in infants <10 kg between September 1997 and October 2001 was made. Indications for PM implantation, age at implantation, and determinants of long-term outcome including cardiac function, PM function, and PM (system) complications were noted. Seven patients underwent transvenous VVI(R) PM implantation...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424616/whole-blood-cytokine-response-to-local-traffic-related-particulate-matter-in-peruvian-children-with-and-without-asthma
#20
Jesse P Negherbon, Karina Romero, D'Ann L Williams, Rafael E Guerrero-Preston, Thomas Hartung, Alan L Scott, Patrick N Breysse, William Checkley, Nadia N Hansel
This study sought to investigate if acute phase immune responses of whole blood from Peruvian children with controlled and uncontrolled asthma differed from children without asthma, following exposure to traffic-related particulate matter (TRPM). TRPM, including particulate matter from diesel combustion, has been shown to stimulate acute airway inflammation in individuals with and without asthma. For this study, a whole blood assay (WBA) was used to test peripheral whole blood samples from 27 children with asthma, and 12 without asthma...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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