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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935614/randomized-trial-of-interventions-to-improve-childhood-asthma-in-homes-with-wood-burning-stoves
#1
Curtis W Noonan, Erin O Semmens, Paul Smith, Solomon W Harrar, Luke Montrose, Emily Weiler, Marcy McNamara, Tony J Ward
BACKGROUND: Household air pollution due to biomass combustion for residential heating adversely affects vulnerable populations. Randomized controlled trials to improve indoor air quality in homes of children with asthma are limited, and no such studies have been conducted in homes using wood for heating. OBJECTIVES: Our aims were to test the hypothesis that household-level interventions, specifically improved-technology wood-burning appliances or air-filtration devices, would improve health measures, in particular Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) scores, relative to placebo, among children living with asthma in homes with wood-burning stoves...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870866/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-an-environmental-management-program-on-exposure-to-manganese-in-a-mining-zone-in-mexico
#2
Marlene Cortez-Lugo, Hortensia Moreno Macías, Sergio Montes, Yaneth Rodríguez Agudelo, David Hernández Bonilla, Minerva Catalán-Vázquez, Raúl Díaz Godoy, Sandra Leticia Rodríguez Dozal
BACKGROUND: In the state of Hidalgo, Mexico, is found the largest second deposit of Manganese (Mn) in Latin America. Various studies on the sources of emission, exposure, and the effects on the health of children and adults have been conducted utilizing an ecosystem approach. Given the findings of Mn levels in air and the neurocognitive effects, an Environmental Management Program (EMP) was designed and implemented with the purpose of reducing exposure to Mn of the population, including various actions for reducing Mn emissions into the atmosphere...
September 1, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861602/episodic-future-thinking-improves-children-s-prospective-memory-performance-in-a-complex-task-setting-with-real-life-task-demands
#3
A Kretschmer-Trendowicz, K M Schnitzspahn, L Reuter, M Altgassen
Research on children's prospective memory (PM) shows an increase of performance across childhood and provides first evidence that encoding strategies such as episodic future thinking (EFT; i.e., engaging in a vivid prospection of oneself performing future tasks) may improve performance. The present study aimed at testing whether the beneficial effects of EFT extend from typical lab-based tasks to more complex tasks with real life demands. Further, it was tested whether children's ability to project themselves into different perspectives (i...
August 31, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818510/breathing-mode-influence-on-craniofacial-development-and-head-posture
#4
Annel Chambi-Rocha, Maria Eugenia Cabrera-Domínguez, Antonia Domínguez-Reyes
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of abnormal breathing and its consequences on craniofacial development is increasing, and is not limited to children with adenoid faces. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cephalometric differences in craniofacial structures and head posture between nasal breathing (NB) and oral breathing (OB) children and teenagers with a normal facial growth pattern. METHOD: Ninety-eight 7-16 year-old patients with a normal facial growth pattern were clinically and radiographically evaluated...
August 14, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793987/testing-the-direction-of-effects-between-child-body-composition-and-restrictive-feeding-practices-results-from-a-population-based-cohort
#5
Ivonne Pm Derks, Henning Tiemeier, Eric Jg Sijbrands, Jan M Nicholson, Trudy Voortman, Frank C Verhulst, Vincent Wv Jaddoe, Pauline W Jansen
Background: Parental restrictive feeding (i.e., limiting food intake of children) has been linked to childhood overweight. However, the directionality of the causal pathway remains unknown.Objective: The objectives of this study were to examine the bidirectional association of maternal restrictive feeding with children's weight and body composition across childhood and to explore a possible mediating role of maternal concern about child weight.Design: Data were available for 4689 mother-child dyads participating in Generation R, a prospective birth cohort in the Netherlands...
September 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763933/short-term-association-between-ambient-air-pollution-and-pneumonia-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-time-series-and-case-crossover-studies
#6
REVIEW
Nguyen Thi Trang Nhung, Heresh Amini, Christian Schindler, Meltem Kutlar Joss, Tran Minh Dien, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Laura Perez, Nino Künzli
Ambient air pollution has been associated with respiratory diseases in children. However, its effects on pediatric pneumonia have not been meta-analyzed. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the short-term association between ambient air pollution and hospitalization of children due to pneumonia. We searched the Web of Science and PubMed for indexed publications up to January 2017. Pollutant-specific excess risk percentage (ER%) and confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using random effect models for particulate matter (PM) with diameter ≤ 10 (PM10) and ≤2...
November 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738469/-analysis-on-geographic-distribution-of-high-blood-pressure-prevalence-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-7-18-years-in-china-2014
#7
Y H Dong, Z Y Zou, Z H Wang, S Wang, Z P Yang, Y J Chen, J Ma
Objective: To understand and evaluate the characteristics of geographic distribution of high blood pressure prevalence in children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in China in 2014, and provide evidence for the prevention of hypertension in children and adolescents. Methods: The data of 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students Constitution and Health conducting 31 provinces (except Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) were collected. A total of 216 299 children and adolescents who had complete blood pressure records were selected as study subjects...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632019/underappreciated-challenges-to-pediatric-powered-mobility-ways-to-address-them-as-illustrated-by-a-case-report
#8
Miriam L Weinstein, Michele Lloyd, Kirstie A Finch, Abbigayle D Laszacs
Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA) has published a position paper strongly advocating powered mobility (PM) for children with severe physical limitations (Rosen et al., 2009). Many studies have established that there are gains in social skills and functional mobility. While PM can aid independence, there has been more emphasis on the improvements in socialization rather than the positive changes PM can make in a child's daily living. For example, Bottos and colleagues stated the quality of life did not change for the children in their study (2001)...
February 14, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580668/changes-in-physical-activity-in-the-school-afterschool-and-evening-periods-during-the-transition-from-elementary-to-middle-school
#9
Erica Y Lau, Marsha Dowda, Kerry L McIver, Russell R Pate
BACKGROUND: We examined longitudinal changes in children's physical activity during the school day, afterschool, and evening across fifth, sixth, and seventh grades. METHODS: The analytical sample included children who had valid accelerometer data in fifth grade and at least one other time-point, and provided complete sociodemographic information (N = 768, 751, and 612 for the 3 time-periods studied). Accelerometer-derived total physical activity (TPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were expressed in minutes per hour for the school day (∼7:45 am to 3:30 pm), afterschool (∼2:25 to 6:00 pm), and evening (6:00 to 10:00 pm) periods...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520853/association-of-social-support-and-cognitive-aging-modified-by-sex-and-relationship-type-a-prospective-investigation-in-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#10
Jing Liao, Shaun Scholes
We examined whether between-person differences (PM) and within-person change in levels of social support were associated with age-related cognitive decline, and whether these associations varied by sex and by relationship type. Executive function and memory scores over eight years (2002-2010) were analysed by mixture models (10,241 adults' aged≥50 years) in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. PM and within-person change in positive social support and negative social support were independently associated with cognitive decline in different ways by sex and relationship type...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431056/long-term-outcome-of-transvenous-pacemaker-implantation-in-infants-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Laura M Vos, Janneke A E Kammeraad, Matthias W Freund, Andreas C Blank, Johannes M P J Breur
Aim: Evaluation of long-term outcome of transvenous pacemaker (PM) implantation in infants. Methods and Results: A retrospective analysis of all transvenous PM implantations in infants <10 kg between September 1997 and October 2001 was made. Indications for PM implantation, age at implantation, and determinants of long-term outcome including cardiac function, PM function, and PM (system) complications were noted. Seven patients underwent transvenous VVI(R) PM implantation...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424616/whole-blood-cytokine-response-to-local-traffic-related-particulate-matter-in-peruvian-children-with-and-without-asthma
#12
Jesse P Negherbon, Karina Romero, D'Ann L Williams, Rafael E Guerrero-Preston, Thomas Hartung, Alan L Scott, Patrick N Breysse, William Checkley, Nadia N Hansel
This study sought to investigate if acute phase immune responses of whole blood from Peruvian children with controlled and uncontrolled asthma differed from children without asthma, following exposure to traffic-related particulate matter (TRPM). TRPM, including particulate matter from diesel combustion, has been shown to stimulate acute airway inflammation in individuals with and without asthma. For this study, a whole blood assay (WBA) was used to test peripheral whole blood samples from 27 children with asthma, and 12 without asthma...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424243/nutrition-and-high-flow-nasal-cannula-respiratory-support-in-children-with-bronchiolitis
#13
Katherine N Slain, Natalia Martinez-Schlurmann, Steven L Shein, Anne Stormorken
OBJECTIVES: No guidelines are available regarding initiation of enteral nutrition in children with bronchiolitis on high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) support. We hypothesized that the incidence of feeding-related adverse events (AEs) would not be associated with HFNC support. METHODS: This retrospective study included children ≤24 months old with bronchiolitis receiving HFNC in a PICU from September 2013 through April 2014. Data included demographics, respiratory support during feeding, and feeding-related AEs...
May 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416429/-life-threatening-sleepwalking-elpenor-s-syndrome-in-a-10-year-old-child
#14
M-A Madigand-Tordjman, P-J Egler, F Bertran, M Jokic, F Guénolé
Though benign in the majority of cases, sleepwalking sometimes causes injuries due, among other causes, to falls. Such accidents can be life-threatening - a situation that has been termed Elpenor syndrome (in reference to an accident experienced by a character in Homer's epic The Odyssey) - in particular when entailing defenestration. This syndrome has been described in adults and adolescents; we report here a case in a child. OBSERVATION: This 10-year-old girl was admitted at night to our hospital after a 3-m fall at home...
April 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369090/rapid-mapping-of-urinary-schistosomiasis-an-appraisal-of-the-diagnostic-efficacy-of-some-questionnaire-based-indices-among-high-school-students-in-katsina-state-northwestern-nigeria
#15
Tolulope Ebenezer Atalabi, Taiwo Oluwakemi Adubi, Umar Lawal
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, over 200 million individuals are estimated to be infected with urinary and intestinal schistosomiasis. In a bid to lay a foundation for effective future control programme, this study was carried out with the aim of assessing the diagnostic efficacy of some questionnaire-based rapid assessment indices of urinary schistosomiasis. METHODOLOGY: A total number of 1,363 subjects were enrolled for the study. Questionnaires were administered basically in English and Hausa languages by trained personnel...
April 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284326/effects-of-particulate-matter-on-respiratory-disease-and-the-impact-of-meteorological-factors-in-busan-korea
#16
Eun-Jung Jo, Woo-Seop Lee, Hyun-Young Jo, Chang-Hoon Kim, Jung-Seop Eom, Jeong-Ha Mok, Mi-Hyun Kim, Kwangha Lee, Ki-Uk Kim, Min-Ki Lee, Hye-Kyung Park
BACKGROUND: Both air pollution and weather impact hospitalization for respiratory diseases. However, few studies have investigated the contribution of weather to hospitalization related to the adverse effects of air pollution. This study analyzed the effects of particulate matter (PM) on daily respiratory-related hospital admissions, taking into account meteorological factors. METHODS: Daily hospital admissions for respiratory diseases (acute bronchitis, allergic rhinitis, and asthma) between 2007 and 2010 were extracted from the National Health Insurance Corporation, Korea...
March 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231656/-acute-effect-of-ambient-air-pollution-on-small-airway-lung-functions-among-school-children-in-shanghai
#17
L J Zhang, C Y Guo, H H Xu, D Xu, X B Shen, X Y Du, M H Zhang, J G Tan, J H Zhang, C Y Dong, H L Qian, Y W Shi, M Z Pan, X D Zhou
Objective: To study the acute effects of compound ambient air pollution on small airway lung functions among school children in Shanghai. Method: A longitudinal survey on lung functions was conducted among 233 school-children from three schools (A, B and C, located in innerring, mid-ring and outer-ring areas). Lung function test was performed once a week for 3 times respectively, among children in school A and B in Dec. 2013 and in school C in Dec. 2014. The fourth lung function test was tested in Jun. 2014 and May 2015 in the respective schools...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184078/food-advertisements-on-uk-television-popular-with-children-a-content-analysis-in-relation-to-dental-health
#18
M Al-Mazyad, N Flannigan, G Burnside, S Higham, E Boyland
Objective To quantify the prevalence of advertising for foods and beverages potentially detrimental to dental health on UK television watched by children.Design Content analysis of pre-recorded television advertisements (adverts).Materials and methods Three hundred and fifty-two hours of television were recorded (one weekday and one weekend day, 6 am - 10 pm) from the main commercial channel (ITV1). All adverts were coded using pre-defined criteria.Setting UK television recorded between January and December 2012...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143550/spectrum-of-paediatric-rheumatic-diseases-in-nigeria
#19
Babatunde Hakeem Olaosebikan, Olufemi Oladipo Adelowo, Barakat Adeola Animashaun, Richard Oluyinka Akintayo
BACKGROUND: Paediatric rheumatology service in Sub-Sahara African is virtually not available as there is a shortage of paediatric rheumatologists and other rheumatology health professionals. We aim to describe the clinical spectrum and the frequencies of paediatric rheumatic diseases (PRDs) in Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH), Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients with PRDs seen over a five year period (March 2010 to February 2016) at the rheumatology clinic and children ward of LASUTH...
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140654/genome-wide-methylation-analysis-identifies-novel-cpg-loci-for-perimembranous-ventricular-septal-defects-in-human
#20
Kim Pj Wijnands, Jun Chen, Liming Liang, Michael Mpj Verbiest, Xihong Lin, Willem A Helbing, Adriana C Gittenberger-de Groot, Peter J van der Spek, André G Uitterlinden, Régine Pm Steegers-Theunissen
AIM: Congenital heart diseases are the most common birth defects worldwide and leading cause of infant mortality. The perimembranous ventricular septal defect is most prevalent. Epigenetics may provide an underlying mechanism of the gene-environment interactions involved. MATERIALS & METHODS: We examined epigenome-wide DNA methylation using the Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip in 84 case children and 196 control children. RESULTS: We identified differential methylation of a CpG locus (cg17001566) within the PRDM16 gene after Bonferroni correction (p = 9...
March 2017: Epigenomics
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