keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Guideline radiotherapy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742698/survival-benefit-of-neoadjuvant-treatment-in-clinical-t3n0m0-esophageal-cancer-results-from-a-retrospective-multicenter-european-study
#1
Styliani Mantziari, Caroline Gronnier, Florence Renaud, Alain Duhamel, Jérémie Théreaux, Cécile Brigand, Nicolas Carrère, Jérémie H Lefevre, Arnaud Pasquer, Nicolas Demartines, Denis Collet, Bernard Meunier, Christophe Mariette
BACKGROUND: Based on current guidelines, clinical T3N0M0 esophageal tumors may or may not receive neoadjuvant treatment, according to their perception as locally advanced (cT3) or early-stage tumors (stage II). The study aim was to assess the impact of neoadjuvant treatment upon survival for cT3N0M0 esophageal cancer patients, with subgroup analyses by histological type (squamous cell carcinoma vs adenocarcinoma) and type of neoadjuvant treatment (chemotherapy vs radiochemotherapy). METHODS: Data from patients operated on for esophageal cancer in 30 European centers were collected...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742542/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-cryosurgery-of-pancreatic-cancer-a-consensus-statement-from-the-china-cooperative-group-of-cryosurgery-on-pancreatic-cancer-international-society-of-cryosurgery-and-asian-society-of-cryosurgery
#2
Lihua He, Lizhi Niu, Nikolai N Korpan, Sajio Sumida, Yueyong Xiao, Jiaping Li, Barlian Sutedja, Youyong Lu, Jiansheng Zuo, Jianguo Liu, Kecheng Xu
Pancreatic cancer (PC), one of the most lethal malignancies, accounts for 8% to 10% of digestive system cancers, and the incidence is increasing. Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy have been the main treatment methods but are not very effective. Cryosurgery was first used in 1984 for treatment of locally advanced PC and has since become a considerable treatment for most cases of unresectable PC. During the past decade, cryosurgery has been applied in some hospitals in China, and the newly developed technique of computed tomography- and/or ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryosurgery has shown better results than chemotherapy in cases of unresectable locally advanced PC, with the 1-year survival rate reported to be more than 50%...
July 24, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739433/pain-management-the-rising-role-of-interventional-oncology
#3
D Filippiadis, S Tutton, A Kelekis
Patients with early or metastatic cancer may suffer from pain of different origins. The vast majority of these patients are not adequately treated by means of systemic analgesia and radiotherapy. Percutaneous neurolysis is performed using chemical agents or thermal energy upon sympathetic nervous system plexus for pain reduction and life quality improvement. Ablation and vertebral augmentation are included in clinical guidelines for metastatic disease. As far as the peripheral skeleton is concerned bone augmentation and stabilization can be performed by means of cement injection either solely performed or in combination to cannulated screws or other metallic or peek implants...
July 21, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739159/lung-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-sbrt-for-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-the-very-elderly-%C3%A2-80years-old-extremely-safe-and-effective
#4
Paul Kreinbrink, Philip Blumenfeld, George Tolekidis, Neilayan Sen, David Sher, Gaurav Marwaha
OBJECTIVE: Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the standard of care in medically inoperable patients. In very elderly patients, previous studies have shown SBRT to offer excellent local control, though with higher toxicities than in younger populations. We report our institutional experience using SBRT in the definitive management of NSCLC in patients ≥80years old. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using an IRB-approved registry of 158 patients treated with definitive-intent lung SBRT for early-stage NSCLC at our institution between 2010 and 2016, 31 consecutively treated patients ≥80years of age were identified...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737559/complex-reconstruction-after-sarcoma-resection-and-the-role-of-the-plastic-surgeon-a-case-series-of-298-patients-treated-at-a-single-center
#5
Jonathan I Leckenby, Rachel Deegan, Adriaan O Grobbelaar
BACKGROUND: More than 1000 new patients present to the London Sarcoma Unit each year and between 5% and 10% require plastic surgery intervention. Advancements in radiotherapy and chemotherapy protocols combined with higher expectations for limb preservation has led to increased reconstructive challenges. Frequently, primary closure is achievable; however, larger tumors often require specialist reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of all referred patients from the London Sarcoma Unit requiring reconstruction between February 2006 and January 2015 was performed...
July 22, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735769/the-elderly-are-less-likely-to-receive-recommended-radical-radiotherapy-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#6
J McAleese, S Baluch, K Drinkwater, P Bassett, G G Hanna
AIMS: The National Institute for Healthcare Excellence recommends continuous hyperfractionated, accelerated radiotherapy (CHART), concurrent chemoradiation (cCRT) and stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) for appropriate patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but these are not universally available in all UK radiotherapy centres. Reduced access to these treatments may be contributing to reduced survival, with the concern that elderly patients are less likely to receive guideline-recommended therapy (GRT)...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726971/an-environment-for-guideline-based-decision-support-systems-for%C3%A2-outpatients-monitoring
#7
Elisa M Zini, Giordano Lanzola, Paolo Bossi, Silvana Quaglini
OBJECTIVES: We propose an architecture for monitoring outpatients that relies on mobile technologies for acquiring data. The goal is to better control the onset of possible side effects between the scheduled visits at the clinic. METHODS: We analyze the architectural components required to ensure a high level of abstraction from data. Clinical practice guidelines were formalized with Alium, an authoring tool based on the PROforma language, using SNOMED-CT as a terminology standard...
July 19, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725254/interacts-interventional-radiotherapy-active-teaching-school-guidelines-for-quality-assurance-in-choroidal-melanoma-interventional-radiotherapy-brachytherapy-procedures
#8
REVIEW
Luca Tagliaferri, Monica Maria Pagliara, Luca Boldrini, Carmela Grazia Caputo, Luigi Azario, Maura Campitelli, Maria Antonietta Gambacorta, Daniela Smaniotto, Vincenzo Frascino, Francesco Deodato, Alessio Giuseppe Morganti, György Kovács, Vincenzo Valentini, Maria Antonietta Blasi
Eye plaque brachytherapy represents a safe and effective therapeutic approach for choroidal melanoma, combining clinical outcomes with an eye and visual preservation. As it represents a complex procedure, a specific quality assurance program is strongly suggested to improve patients and operators safety, and to reduce possible complications linked to surgical procedure and radiation exposure. The aim of this paper is to describe the INTERACTS (Interventional Radiotherapy Active Teaching School) guidelines for quality assurance in choroidal melanoma interventional radiotherapy (brachytherapy) used in our institution...
June 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725253/computed-tomography-based-treatment-planning-for-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-using-the-tandem-and-ring-applicator-influence-of-applicator-choice-on-organ-dose-and-inter-fraction-adaptive-planning
#9
REVIEW
Vishruta A Dumane, Yading Yuan, Ren-Dih Sheu, Vishal Gupta
Three dimensional planning for high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy in cervical cancer has been highly recommended by consensus guidelines such as the American Brachytherapy Society (ABS) and the Groupe Européen de Curiethérapie - European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (GEC-ESTRO). In this document, we describe our experience with computed tomography (CT)-based planning using the tandem/ring applicator. We discuss the influence of applicator geometry on doses to organs at risk (OARs), namely the bladder, rectum, and sigmoid...
June 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722084/-postoperative-complications-after-rectal-cancer-surgery-and-management
#10
Jin Gu, Qingkun Gao
Although neoadjuvant treatment such as radiotherapy, even chemoradiotherapy has already widely used in middle-low rectal cancer, surgery remains the mainstay of therapy for patients with rectal cancer. Because neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy combined with surgery was adopted for the locally advanced rectal cancer as a standard treatment based on guidelines, postoperative complications of rectal cancer surgery caused surgeons attention and concern gradually. Some severe complications should seriously affect patient's quality of life, even patient's survival...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709427/investigation-of-irradiated-volume-in-linac-based-brain-hypo-fractionated-stereotactic-radiotherapy
#11
Mark Ruschin, Arjun Sahgal, Hany Soliman, Sten Myrehaug, May Tsao, Collins Yeboah, Arman Sarfehnia, Brige Chugh, Alex Kiss, Young Lee
BACKGROUND: Emerging techniques such as brain hypo-fractionated radiotherapy (HF-RT) involve complex cases with limited guidelines for plan quality and normal tissue tolerances. The purpose of the present study was to statistically parameterize irradiated volume independently of dose prescription, or margin to determine what spread in achievable irradiated volume one may expect for a given case. METHODS: We defined EXT as the total tissue within the external contour of the patient (including the target) and we defined BMP as the contour of the brain minus PTV...
July 14, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708043/reirradiation-spine-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-spinal-metastases-systematic-review
#12
Sten Myrehaug, Arjun Sahgal, Motohiro Hayashi, Marc Levivier, Lijun Ma, Roberto Martinez, Ian Paddick, Jean Régis, Samuel Ryu, Ben Slotman, Antonio De Salles
OBJECTIVE Spinal metastases that recur after conventional palliative radiotherapy have historically been difficult to manage due to concerns of spinal cord toxicity in the retreatment setting. Spine stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), also known as stereotactic radiosurgery, is emerging as an effective and safe means of delivering ablative doses to these recurrent tumors. The authors performed a systematic review of the literature to determine the clinical efficacy and safety of spine SBRT specific to previously irradiated spinal metastases...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707679/anaplastic-thyroid-carcinoma-from-clinicopathology-to-genetics-and-advanced-therapies
#13
REVIEW
Eleonora Molinaro, Cristina Romei, Agnese Biagini, Elena Sabini, Laura Agate, Salvatore Mazzeo, Gabriele Materazzi, Stefano Sellari-Franceschini, Alessandro Ribechini, Liborio Torregrossa, Fulvio Basolo, Paolo Vitti, Rossella Elisei
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is a rare malignancy, accounting for 1-2% of all thyroid cancers. Although rare, ATC accounts for the majority of deaths from thyroid carcinoma. ATC often originates in a pre-existing thyroid cancer lesion, as suggested by the simultaneous presence of areas of differentiated or poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma. ATC is characterized by the accumulation of several oncogenic alterations, and studies have shown that an increased number of oncogenic alterations equates to an increased level of dedifferentiation and aggressiveness...
July 14, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695689/patterns-of-health-services-utilization-in-the-last-two-weeks-of-life-among-cancer-patients-experience-in-an-australian-academic-cancer-center
#14
Wee Loon Ong, Richard Khor, Mathias Bressel, Phillip Tran, Jo Tedesco, Keen Hun Tai, David Ball, Gillian Duchesne, Farshad Foroudi
AIM: To report the trend in end-of-life health services (HS) utilization among cancer patients treated in a large Australian academic cancer center over a 12-year period. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of cancer patients treated at the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre (PMCC), who had documented death between January 2002 and December 2013. Using administrative and billing database, we report on the utilization of different categories of HS within two weeks of death: diagnostic investigations (pathology and radiology), inpatient and outpatient services, and potentially futile interventions (PFI, which include radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery)...
July 11, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692469/surgical-management-of-gallbladder-cancer-simple-versus-extended-cholecystectomy-and-the-role-of-adjuvant-therapy
#15
Gyulnara G Kasumova, Omidreza Tabatabaie, Robert M Najarian, Mark P Callery, Sing Chau Ng, Andrea J Bullock, Robert A Fisher, Jennifer F Tseng
OBJECTIVE: To assess if simple cholecystectomy with adjuvant therapy could provide outcomes comparable to extended cholecystectomy. BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend extended/radical cholecystectomy for T2/T3 gallbladder cancer; however, many tumors are discovered incidentally at laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: The national Cancer Data Base 2004 to 2014 was queried for patients with pT2/T3 gallbladder adenocarcinoma who underwent resection...
July 7, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687866/quantification-improvement-and-harmonization-of-small-lesion-detection-with-state-of-the-art-pet
#16
REVIEW
Charlotte S van der Vos, Daniëlle Koopman, Sjoerd Rijnsdorp, Albert J Arends, Ronald Boellaard, Jorn A van Dalen, Mark Lubberink, Antoon T M Willemsen, Eric P Visser
In recent years, there have been multiple advances in positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) that improve cancer imaging. The present generation of PET/CT scanners introduces new hardware, software, and acquisition methods. This review describes these new developments, which include time-of-flight (TOF), point-spread-function (PSF), maximum-a-posteriori (MAP) based reconstruction, smaller voxels, respiratory gating, metal artefact reduction, and administration of quadratic weight-dependent (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) activity...
July 8, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687397/estro-acrop-consensus-guideline-on-implementation-and-practice-of-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-peripherally-located-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#17
Matthias Guckenberger, Nicolaus Andratschke, Karin Dieckmann, Mischa S Hoogeman, Morten Hoyer, Coen Hurkmans, Stephanie Lang, Eric Lartigau, Alejandra Méndez Romero, Suresh Senan, Dirk Verellen
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has become the standard of care for medically inoperable patients with peripherally located, early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and for those refusing surgical resection. Despite the availability of national and international guidelines, there exists substantial variability in many aspects of SBRT practice. METHODS: The ESTRO ACROP guideline is based on a questionnaire covering all aspects of SBRT implementation and practice (n=114 items)...
July 4, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687257/delaying-implant-based-mammary-reconstruction-after-radiotherapy-does-not-decrease-capsular-contracture-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-study
#18
Mostafa El-Diwany, Jean-Philippe Giot, Marie-Josée Hébert, Alain M Danino
The most common complications of irradiated implant-based mammary reconstruction are fibrosis and capsular contracture. The indications for postmastectomy adjuvant radiotherapy have considerably broadened. Facing an increased number of patients who will require radiotherapy, most guidelines recommend delaying reconstruction after radiotherapy to prevent long-term fibrotic complications. Does radiotherapy permanently alter cellular properties which will adversely affect implant-based reconstruction? If so, is there a benefit in delaying reconstruction after radiotherapy? Our in vitro model simulates two implant-based mammary reconstruction approaches: the irradiated implant and the delayed implant reconstructions by using an implant inset beneath healthy non-irradiated tissue post radiotherapy...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685896/comorbidity-dependent-adherence-to-guidelines-and-survival-in-breast-cancer-is-there-a-role-for-guideline-adherence-in-comorbid-breast-cancer-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study-with-2137-patients
#19
Daniel Wollschläger, Xiaoyu Meng, Achim Wöckel, Wolfgang Janni, Rolf Kreienberg, Maria Blettner, Lukas Schwentner
In the treatment of breast cancer, decisions on adjuvant treatment reflect individual patient characteristics like age and comorbidity. This study assessed the association between adherence to guidelines for adjuvant treatment and survival while taking into account age at diagnosis and comorbidities. We collected the Charlson comorbidity index at baseline for 2179 women treated for primary breast cancer from 1992 to 2008 who participated in a German retrospective multicenter cohort study. We assessed subsequent adjuvant therapy guideline adherence and survival in relation to baseline comorbidities...
July 7, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685074/use-of-the-bioactive-resorbable-plate-system-for-zygoma-and-zygomatic-arch-replacement-and-fixation-with-modified-crockett-s-method-for-maxillectomy-a-technical-note
#20
Shintaro Sukegawa, Takahiro Kanno, Akane Shibata, Kenichi Matsumoto, Yuka Sukegawa-Takahashi, Kyousuke Sakaida, Yoshihiko Furuki
As a surgical approach targeting the pterygopalatine fossa following maxillary cancer due to tumor invasion, Crockett's method is conventional and useful. However, if the tumor is confined to the area between the maxilla and pterygopalatine fossa, it is not necessary to include the zygomatico-orbital in the access osteotomy, and the orbital floor may be preserved. Depending on the range of tumor invasion, the current study reports a more minimally invasive, modified Crockett's surgery that may be considered, which includes resection with modified osteotomy lines and repositioning with fixation of the zygoma and zygomatic arch following maxillary cancer ablation...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
keyword
keyword
90460
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"