keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chemoradiotherapy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145247/comparison-of-chemoradiotherapy-with-and-without-brachytherapy-as-adjuvant-therapy-after-radical-surgery-in-early-stage-cervical-cancer-with-poor-prognostic-factors-an-observational-study
#1
Mei-Ling Lan, Xian Yu, He Xiao, Peng Zhou, Nan Hu, Yun Liu, Ge Wang
This study aimed to determine whether the addition of intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT) to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) improves outcome in patients with cervical cancer and poor prognostic factors. Patients with stage IB to IIA cervical cancer who had undergone radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy between August 2008 and December 2014 were retrospectively registered in this study. All patients received external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) + chemotherapy, and some patients additionally received ICBT...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143893/the-role-of-systemic-therapy-in-resectable-gastric-and-gastro-oesophageal-junction-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Elizabeth Cartwright, David Cunningham
Approximately 20% of patients with cancer of the stomach or gastro-oesophageal junction (GOJ) present with resectable disease. Long-term outcome after surgery alone in these patients is poor, and a combined treatment approach is the standard of care. The two approaches to managing patients with cancer of the GOJ are perioperative chemotherapy or preoperative chemoradiotherapy. Based upon the most recent evidence, patients treated with a perioperative approach and deemed suitable for a triplet regimen should be considered for pre- and post-operative FLOT (5-fluorouracil [5-FU], leucovorin, oxaliplatin and docetaxel) and those suitable for a doublet regimen should be considered for a fluoropyrimidine/platinum combination such as capecitabine and oxaliplatin...
November 16, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143229/meta-analysis-of-survival-benefit-with-postoperative-chemoradiotherapy-in-patients-of-lymph-node-positive-esophageal-carcinoma
#3
H Luo, Y Y Cui, J G Zhang, Y N Sun, X L Zheng, C L Yang, K Ye, H Ge
BACKGROUND: The effect of postoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for esophageal carcinoma (EC) was investigated. Patients who can obtain benefit from this treatment modality have not yet been well identified. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for studies published from January 1993 to July 2016. Research comparing surgery alone (SA) with postoperative CRT in patients with resectable EC was procured; collected articles were written in English...
November 15, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143097/-concurrent-once-daily-or-twice-daily-chemoradiotherapy-in-limited-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Susanne Frosch, Esther G C Troost
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140849/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-superficial-proximal-esophageal-neoplasia-is-highly-successful
#5
Yi-Qun Zhang, Tao Chen, Chen Zhang, Quan-Lin Li, Wei-Feng Chen, Li-Qing Yao, Ping-Hong Zhou, Mei-Dong Xu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for superficial proximal esophageal neoplasia. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The surgery for a tumor located in proximal esophagus is relatively difficult and leads to a high morbidity and mortality. ESD is a minimally invasive endoscopic treatment of superficial neoplasia of the gastrointestinal tract allowing en block resection with low recurrence rates; however, ESD for superficial proximal esophageal neoplasia is little known...
December 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140684/janus-gold-nanoplatform-for-synergetic-chemoradiotherapy-and-computed-tomography-imaging-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Zheng Wang, Dan Shao, Zhimin Chang, Mengmeng Lu, Yingshuai Wang, Juan Yue, Dian Yang, Mingqiang Li, Qiaobing Xu, Wenfei Dong
There is a pressing need to develop nanoplatforms that integrate multimodal therapeutics to improve treatment responses and prolong the survival of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Mesoporous silica-coated gold nanomaterials have emerged as a novel multifunctional platform combining tunable surface plasmon resonance and mesoporous properties that exhibit multimodality properties in cancer theranostics. However, their reduced radiation-absorption efficiency and limited surface area hinder their further radiochemotherapeutic applications...
November 15, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139095/local-alkylating-chemotherapy-applied-immediately-after-5-ala-guided-resection-of-glioblastoma-does-not-provide-additional-benefit
#7
William Sage, Mathew Guilfoyle, Catriona Luney, Adam Young, Rohitashwa Sinha, Donatella Sgubin, Joseph H McAbee, Ruichong Ma, Sarah Jefferies, Rajesh Jena, Fiona Harris, Kieren Allinson, Tomasz Matys, Wendi Qian, Thomas Santarius, Stephen Price, Colin Watts
Grade IV glioma is the most common and aggressive primary brain tumour. Gross total resection with 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) guided surgery combined with local chemotherapy (carmustine wafers) is an attractive treatment strategy in these patients. No previous studies have examined the benefit carmustine wafers in a treatment programme of 5-ALA guided resection followed by a temozolomide-based chemoradiotherapy protocol. The objective of this study was to examine the benefit of carmustine wafers on survival in patients undergoing 5-ALA guided resection...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137320/a-phase-ii-study-of-s-1-with-concurrent-radiotherapy-in-elderly-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#8
Yongling Ji, Xianghui Du, Ye Tian, Liming Sheng, Lei Cheng, Ying Chen, Guoqing Qiu, Xia Zhou, Wuan Bao, Danhong Zhang, Ming Chen
Background: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) using conventional platinum-based doublets are often associated with significant incidence of toxic effects in elderly patients with esophageal cancer. We previously reported a phase I trial of CCRT using S-1, an oral 5-fluorouracil derivative, which yielded well safe and active outcomes. Methods: Patients with histologically confirmed esophageal cancer, who were age of 70 years or older with performance status (PS) score of 0-2 or age of 66 to 69 with PS score of 2, were eligible for this Phase II trial...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137264/preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-for-rectal-cancer-the-sensitizer-role-of-the-association-between-mir-375-and-c-myc
#9
Raquel Conde-Muiño, Carlos Cano, Victoria Sánchez-Martín, Antonio Herrera, Ana Comino, Pedro P Medina, Pablo Palma, Marta Cuadros
Administration of chemoradiation before tumor resection has revolutionized the management of locally advanced rectal cancer, but many patients have proven resistant to this preoperative therapy. Our group recently reported a negative correlation between c-Myc gene expression and this resistance. In the present study, integrated analysis of miRNA and mRNA expression profiles was conducted in 45 pre-treatment rectal tumors in order to analyze the expressions of miRNAs and c-Myc and their relationship with clinicopathological factors and patient survival...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137096/synchronous-multiple-carcinoma-with-small-intestine-and-pulmonary-neuroendocrine-involvement-a-case-report
#10
Binbin Shan, Quanmao Zhang, Yuan Li, Fucai Han
RATIONALE: In clinical work, neuroendocrine synchronous multiplicity carcinoma was relatively rare. Most were confirmed by the pathological diagnosis of a certain part of the body combined with the imaging of the whole body, while cases that had both pathological and immunohistochemistry diagnosis were few. PATIENT CONCERNS: A patient who presented with abdominal pain visited our hospital, and was diagnosed with lesions in both the small intestine and lung. DIAGNOSES: Both were considered primary tumors by imaging, and diagnosed as neuroendocrine carcinomas by pathology...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136963/lymph-node-status-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-for-esophageal-cancer-implications-for-the-extent-of-lymphadenectomy
#11
William B Robb, Emilie Maillard, Christophe Mariette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136328/organ-preservation-in-rectal-cancer-a-synopsis-of-current-guidelines
#12
W A A Borstlap, S E van Oostendorp, C E L Klaver, D Hahnloser, C Cunningham, E Rullier, W A Bemelman, J B Tuynman, P J Tanis
BACKGROUND: The high morbidity associated with radical resection for rectal cancer is an incentive for surgeons to adopt strategies aimed at organ preservation, particularly for early disease. There are a number of different approaches to achieve this. In this study we have collated current national and international guidelines to produce a synopsis to support this changing practice. METHODS: The databases PubMed, Embase, Trip database, national guideline clearinghouse, BMJ Best practice were interrogated...
November 14, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136212/neoadjuvant-and-adjuvant-therapy-for-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#13
Shun-Ichi Watanabe, Kazuo Nakagawa, Kenji Suzuki, Kazuya Takamochi, Hiroyuki Ito, Jiro Okami, Keiju Aokage, Hisashi Saji, Hiroshige Yoshioka, Yoshitaka Zenke, Tadashi Aoki, Yasuhiro Tsutani, Morihito Okada
The treatments for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) should control both local and microscopic systemic disease, because the 5-year survival of patients with Stage III NSCLC who underwent surgical resection alone has been dismal. One way to improve surgical outcome is the administration of chemotherapy before or after the surgical procedure. During the last two decades, many clinical studies have focused on developing optimal adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens that can be combined with surgical treatment and/or radiotherapy...
November 9, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136177/effect-of-sequential-chemoradiotherapy-in-patients-with-limited-disease-small-cell-lung-cancer-who-were-ineligible-for-concurrent-therapy-a-retrospective-study-at-two-institutions
#14
Sayaka Ohara, Shintaro Kanda, Hitomi Okuma, Yasushi Goto, Hidehito Horinouchi, Yutaka Fujiwara, Hiroshi Nokihara, Yoshinori Ito, Noboru Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Usui, Sakae Homma, Yuichiro Ohe
Background: The standard treatment for limited-disease small-cell lung cancer (LD-SCLC) is a combination of chemotherapy and concurrent thoracic radiotherapy. In selected cases, sequential radiotherapy is preferred because of the need for a large irradiation field, patient age, comorbidities or performance status. Nevertheless, the efficacy of sequential chemoradiotherapy in patients in whom concurrent chemoradiotherapy is contraindicated is not well known. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 286 patients with LD-SCLC at two institutions in Japan between 2000 and 2014...
November 9, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135107/benefit-and-outcome-of-using-temozolomide-based-chemoradiotherapy-followed-by-temozolomide-alone-for-glioblastoma-in-clinical-practice
#15
Svetlana Salma, Igor Djan, Mladen Bjelan, Petar Vulekovic, Mico Novakovic, Vladimir Vidovic, Milos Lucic
PURPOSE: Temozolomide (TEM), an oral alkylating agent, has shown promising activity in the last 10 years in the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Our goal was to show the benefit of concomitant therapy involving 3D conformal radiotherapy and temozolomide in clinical practice. METHODS: This was a retrospective/prospective study and included a total of 113 patients with GBM diagnosis. Forty- seven patients received postoperative radiotherapy and 66 received concomitant temozolomide plus 3D conformal radiotherapy...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134793/the-role-of-oxaliplatin-in-chemoradiotherapy-for-rectal-cancer
#16
EDITORIAL
Navin T Wewala, Michael B Jameson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134427/overall-survival-of-patients-with-locally-advanced-or-metastatic-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-treated-with-nimotuzumab-in-the-real-world
#17
Yaimarelis Saumell, Lizet Sanchez, Sandra González, Ramón Ortiz, Edadny Medina, Yaima Galán, Agustin Lage
INTRODUCTION: Despite improvements in surgical techniques and treatments introduced into clinical practice, the overall survival of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma remains low. Several epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors are being evaluated in the context of clinical trials, but there is little evidence of effectiveness in real-world conditions. This study aimed at assessing the effectiveness of nimotuzumab combined with onco-specific treatment in Cuban real-life patients with locally advanced or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma...
November 13, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134362/selecting-patients-for-hyperthermia-combined-with-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-for-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer
#18
Sang-Won Kim, Ji Woon Yea, Jae Hwang Kim, Mi Jin Gu, Min Kyu Kang
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the role of hyperthermia combined with preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) according to hypoxic marker expression. METHODS: One hundred and nine LARC patients with tissue blocks available for immunohistochemical assessment of carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9) expression were reviewed. CA9 expression was considered positive when the staining percentage of tumor cells was >25% (n = 31)...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130232/-clinical-study-of-preserving-left-colic-artery-during-laparoscopic-total-mesorectal-excision-for-the-treatment-of-rectal-cancer
#19
Xiaolan You, Yuanjie Wang, Zhiyi Chen, Wenqi Li, Ning Xu, Guiyuan Liu, Xiaojun Zhao, Chuanjiang Huang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, radicality and short-term outcome of preserving left colic artery (LCA) during laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) for the treatment of rectal cancer. METHODS: From January 2013 to December 2016,136 patients with mid-lower rectal cancer received laparoscopic TME in the Gastrointestinal Surgery Department of Taizhou People's Hospital of Jiangsu Province. Patients with rectal tumor within 10 cm to the anal verge were enrolled into the study...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130149/is-lipidomic-the-answer-to-the-search-of-a-biomarker-for-organ-preservation-protocol-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
Ana Carolina Laus, Ismael Dale Cotrim Guerreiro da Silva, Fernanda Bertuccez Cordeiro, Edson Guimarães Lo Turco, Luciano de Souza Viana, André Lopes Carvalho
In the last decade organ preservation protocols based on chemoradiotherapy (CRT) has been showing the possibility of preserving function without jeopardizing survival for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Still, only a percentage of the patients will benefit from this approach and, to date, no biomarkers are known to correctly predict these patients. More recently, modern mass spectrometry method has been used to determine metabolic profiles, and lipidomics, in particular, emerged as a new field of study in oncology and other diseases...
November 13, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
keyword
keyword
90455
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"