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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891593/remote-chemical-immobilisation-method-for-free-ranging-australian-cattle
#1
J O Hampton, A Skroblin, A L Perry, T R De Ridder
BACKGROUND: Many situations are encountered in Australia where the capture and restraint of free-ranging cattle (Bos taurus/Bos indicus) is required. Chemical immobilisation via darting is a potentially useful tool for managing and researching large wild herbivores; however, there is no reliable method for its application to Australian cattle. The aim of this study was to develop an efficacious, humane, cost-effective ground darting method for free-ranging cattle. METHODS: The 30 female cattle were darted and captured on a pastoral station in north-west Australia from a vehicle...
December 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873478/methods-and-processes-of-developing-the-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-veterinary-strobe-vet-statement
#2
J M Sargeant, A M O'Connor, I R Dohoo, H N Erb, M Cevallos, M Egger, A K Ersbøll, S W Martin, L R Nielsen, D L Pearl, D U Pfeiffer, J Sanchez, M E Torrence, H Vigre, C Waldner, M P Ward
The reporting of observational studies in veterinary research presents many challenges that often are not adequately addressed in published reporting guidelines. A consensus meeting of experts was organized to develop an extension of the STROBE statement to address observational studies in veterinary medicine with respect to animal health, animal production, animal welfare and food safety outcomes. The consensus meeting was held 11-13 May 2014 in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Seventeen experts from North America, Europe and Australia attended the meeting...
November 22, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866392/drug-caused-deaths-in-australian-medical-practitioners-and-health-care-professionals
#3
Jennifer L Pilgrim, Rhyse Dorward, Olaf H Drummer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There are numerous factors putting health-care professionals (HCP) at a higher risk of substance abuse and premature death, including high-stress jobs, access to controlled substances, long hours of practice and constant contact with the critically ill. This study aimed to examine fatal drug toxicity in this high-risk cohort, in order to: (1) estimate the rate of drug-caused deaths of Australian HCPs; (2) describe the key characteristics of the cohort; and (3) examine the relationship between HCP occupation and drug type, or intent...
November 20, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859753/methods-and-processes-of-developing-the-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-veterinary-strobe-vet-statement
#4
J M Sargeant, A M O'Connor, I R Dohoo, H N Erb, M Cevallos, M Egger, A K Ersbøll, S W Martin, L R Nielsen, D L Pearl, D U Pfeiffer, J Sanchez, M E Torrence, H Vigre, C Waldner, M P Ward
BACKGROUND: Reporting of observational studies in veterinary research presents challenges that often are not addressed in published reporting guidelines. OBJECTIVE: To develop an extension of the STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) statement that addresses unique reporting requirements for observational studies in veterinary medicine related to health, production, welfare, and food safety. DESIGN: Consensus meeting of experts...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842872/first-detection-of-extended-spectrum-cephalosporin-and-fluoroquinolone-resistant-escherichia-coli-in-australian-food-producing-animals
#5
Sam Abraham, David Jordan, Hui S Wong, James R Johnson, Mark A Toleman, David L Wakeham, David M Gordon, John D Turnidge, Joanne L Mollinger, Justine S Gibson, Darren J Trott
This study aimed to define the frequency of resistance to critically important antimicrobials (CIAs) [i.e. extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESCs), fluoroquinolones (FQs) and carbapenems] among Escherichia coli isolates causing clinical disease in Australian food-producing animals. Clinical E. coli isolates (n=324) from Australian food-producing animals [cattle (n=169), porcine (n=114), poultry (n=32) and sheep (n=9)] were compiled from all veterinary diagnostic laboratories across Australia over a 1-year period...
December 2015: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836050/biosecurity-and-the-management-of-emergency-animal-disease-among-commercial-beef-producers-in-new-south-wales-and-queensland-australia
#6
M Hernández-Jover, V Higgins, M Bryant, L Rast, C McShane
Australia places great importance on the prevention and management of emergency animal diseases (EAD), with strict quarantine measures offshore and at the border. Livestock producers are crucial for disease control onshore; however, limited information is available on commercial livestock producers' practices in relation to the management of disease risks. The aims of this paper are to investigate how commercial beef producers in Australia's Northern and Southern beef zones manage EADs and to identify drivers for effective biosecurity and EAD prevention...
November 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836042/methods-and-processes-of-developing-the-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-veterinary-strobe-vet-statement
#7
J M Sargeant, A M O'Connor, I R Dohoo, H N Erb, M Cevallos, M Egger, A K Ersbøll, S W Martin, L R Nielsen, D L Pearl, D U Pfeiffer, J Sanchez, M E Torrence, H Vigre, C Waldner, M P Ward
BACKGROUND: The reporting of observational studies in veterinary research presents many challenges that often are not adequately addressed in published reporting guidelines. OBJECTIVE: To develop an extension of the STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) statement that addresses unique reporting requirements for observational studies in veterinary medicine related to health, production, welfare, and food safety. DESIGN: A consensus meeting of experts was organized to develop an extension of the STROBE statement to address observational studies in veterinary medicine with respect to animal health, animal production, animal welfare, and food safety outcomes...
November 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827879/owners-perceptions-of-their-animal-s-behavioural-response-to-the-loss-of-an-animal-companion
#8
Jessica K Walker, Natalie K Waran, Clive J C Phillips
The loss of a companion animal is recognised as being associated with experiences of grief by the owner, but it is unclear how other animals in the household may be affected by such a loss. Our aim was to investigate companion animals' behavioural responses to the loss of a companion through owner-report. A questionnaire was distributed via, and advertised within, publications produced by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) across Australia and New Zealand, and through a selection of veterinary clinics within New Zealand...
November 3, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814986/anthelmintics-from-discovery-to-resistance-ii-san-diego-2016
#9
REVIEW
Richard J Martin, Adrian J Wolstenholme, Conor R Caffrey
The second scientific meeting in the series: "Anthelmintics: From Discovery to Resistance" was held in San Diego in February, 2016. The focus topics of the meeting, related to anthelmintic discovery and resistance, were novel technologies, bioinformatics, commercial interests, anthelmintic modes of action and anthelmintic resistance. Basic scientific, human and veterinary interests were addressed in oral and poster presentations. The delegates were from universities and industries in the US, Europe, Australia and New Zealand...
September 29, 2016: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804112/carriage-rate-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-coagulase-positive-staphylococci-isolated-from-healthy-dogs-in-victoria-australia
#10
D C Bean, S M Wigmore
BACKGROUND: Studies in Australia and elsewhere have shown high levels of antibiotic resistance in coagulase-positive staphylococci in dogs visiting veterinary clinics with pyoderma and related conditions. Although important, such studies tend to overestimate the burden of resistance. The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence of coagulase-positive staphylococci in healthy dogs in Central Victoria to assess the level of antibiotic resistance among these isolates. METHODS: We recruited 117 healthy dogs into the study...
November 1, 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798010/why-do-general-practitioners-prescribe-antibiotics-for-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-to-meet-patient-expectations-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Stephanie Fletcher-Lartey, Melissa Yee, Christina Gaarslev, Rabia Khan
OBJECTIVES: To describe the role patient expectations play in general practitioners (GPs) antibiotic prescribing for upper respiratory tract infections (URTI). METHODS: Concurrent explanatory mixed methods approach using a cross-sectional survey and semistructured interviews. SETTINGS: Primary care GPs in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 584 GPs (response rate of 23.6%) completed the cross-sectional survey. 32 GPs were interviewed individually...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785801/regulatory-verification-on-safe-use-of-cytotoxic-drugs-in-veterinary-clinics-and-animal-hospitals
#12
V Fung, M Seneviratne
BACKGROUND: Veterinarians are increasingly being asked to provide chemotherapy for veterinary patients. However, chemotherapy agents have cytotoxic effects that can pose a health risk to workers from exposure. There are no published studies examining cytotoxic drug (CTD) contamination in veterinary practices in Australia. METHODS: CTD use at 13 veterinary clinics and animal hospitals across New South Wales (NSW) was verified for compliance with Work, Health and Safety (WHS) legislation on the effectiveness of exposure control measures...
November 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717406/mosquito-borne-heartworm-dirofilaria-immitis-in-dogs-from-australia
#13
Chloe Nguyen, Wei Ling Koh, Andrea Casteriano, Niek Beijerink, Christopher Godfrey, Graeme Brown, David Emery, Jan Šlapeta
BACKGROUND: Heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) in dogs is considered endemic in Australia, but the clinical heartworm disease caused by the heartworm is rare and prevalence is low. The mainstream prevention of the heartworm is based on macrocyclic lactone (ML) administration. The aim of this study was to confirm endemism of the heartworm under current Australian conditions using a cohort of recent microfilaria-positive dogs which were on variable heartworm prevention. METHODS: A hotspot of canine heartworm antigen-positive and microfilaria-positive dogs has been detected recently in Queensland, Australia...
October 7, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693360/eimeria-spp-infecting-quenda-isoodon-obesulus-in-the-greater-perth-region-western-australia
#14
Alison E Hillman, Rongchang Yang, Alan J Lymbery, R C Andrew Thompson
Parasites of wildlife inhabiting urbanised and peri-urban environments are of interest regarding wildlife population health, and also veterinary public health in the case of parasites that can also infect humans and domestic animals. This study aimed to: identify, and estimate the prevalence of, species of Eimeria parasitic in quenda (Isoodon obesulus) in the greater Perth region, Western Australia; 2) morphologically describe and genetically characterise a novel observed species of Eimeria as E. angustus; and 3) genetically characterise E...
September 28, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689946/expectations-of-graduate-communication-skills-in-professional-veterinary-practice
#15
Sarah Haldane, Kenneth Hinchcliff, Peter Mansell, Chi Baik
Good communication skills are an important entry-level attribute of graduates of professional degrees. The inclusion of communication training within the curriculum can be problematic, particularly in programs with a high content load, such as veterinary science. This study examined the differences between the perceptions of students and qualified veterinarians with regards to the entry-level communication skills required of new graduates in clinical practice. Surveys were distributed to students in each of the four year levels of the veterinary science degree at the University of Melbourne and to recent graduates and experienced veterinarians registered in Victoria, Australia...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683680/rural-neurosurgical-and-spinal-laboratory-setup
#16
Adam Smith, Filippo Gagliardi, Nicholas Robert Pelzer, Jacob Hampton, Anthony Minh Tien Chau, Fiona Stewart, Pietro Mortini, Cristian Gragnaniello
BACKGROUND: Increasing focus has been placed on the use of simulation in neurosurgical and spinal surgical training worldwide, with the establishment of many surgical laboratories dedicated to such purpose. So far, the opportunities for hands-on cadaveric training in the areas of neurosurgery and spine surgery remain limited in Australia, owing to various factors, including the abolition of dissection in many medical schools, high maintenance requirements and widespread geographical distribution of surgical trainees...
December 2015: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621095/q-fever-coxiella-burnetii-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-australian-cat-breeders-and-their-husbandry-practices
#17
A J Shapiro, J M Norris, K L Bosward, J Heller
A Q fever outbreak in a small animal veterinary hospital, associated with a cat caesarean section, initiated a cat seroprevalence study (n = 712) that found circulating antibodies to Coxiella burnetii was highest in cattery-confined breeding cats (9.3%). These findings stimulated interest about potential sources of C. burnetii infection for cats and humans associated with cats. Cat breeders are potentially a group at increased risk of C. burnetii infection, and this study sought to identify potential risk factors...
September 13, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613248/emergence-of-brucella-suis-in-dogs-in-new-south-wales-australia-clinical-findings-and-implications-for-zoonotic-transmission
#18
Siobhan M Mor, Anke K Wiethoelter, Amanda Lee, Barbara Moloney, Daniel R James, Richard Malik
BACKGROUND: Animal reservoirs of brucellosis constitute an ongoing threat to human health globally, with foodborne, occupational and recreational exposures creating opportunities for transmission. In Australia and the United States, hunting of feral pigs has been identified as the principal risk factor for human brucellosis due to Brucella suis. Following increased reports of canine B. suis infection, we undertook a review of case notification data and veterinary records to address knowledge gaps about transmission, clinical presentation, and zoonotic risks arising from infected dogs...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577773/x-tream-quality-assurance-in-synchrotron-x-ray-microbeam-radiation-therapy
#19
Pauline Fournier, Iwan Cornelius, Mattia Donzelli, Herwig Requardt, Christian Nemoz, Marco Petasecca, Elke Bräuer-Krisch, Anatoly Rosenfeld, Michael Lerch
Microbeam radiation therapy (MRT) is a novel irradiation technique for brain tumours treatment currently under development at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France. The technique is based on the spatial fractionation of a highly brilliant synchrotron X-ray beam into an array of microbeams using a multi-slit collimator (MSC). After promising pre-clinical results, veterinary trials have recently commenced requiring the need for dedicated quality assurance (QA) procedures. The quality of MRT treatment demands reproducible and precise spatial fractionation of the incoming synchrotron beam...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544586/protection-against-henipaviruses-in-swine-requires-both-cell-mediated-and-humoral-immune-response
#20
Brad S Pickering, John M Hardham, Greg Smith, Eva T Weingartl, Paul J Dominowski, Dennis L Foss, Duncan Mwangi, Christopher C Broder, James A Roth, Hana M Weingartl
Hendra virus (HeV) and Nipah virus (NiV) are members of the genus Henipavirus, within the family Paramyxoviridae. Nipah virus has caused outbreaks of human disease in Bangladesh, Malaysia, Singapore, India and Philippines, in addition to a large outbreak in swine in Malaysia in 1998/1999. Recently, NiV was suspected to be a causative agent of an outbreak in horses in 2014 in the Philippines, while HeV has caused multiple human and equine outbreaks in Australia since 1994. A swine vaccine able to prevent shedding of infectious virus is of veterinary and human health importance, and correlates of protection against henipavirus infection in swine need to be better understood...
September 14, 2016: Vaccine
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