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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619161/antimicrobials-used-for-surgical-prophylaxis-by-companion-animal-veterinarians-in-australia
#1
Laura Y Hardefeldt, Glenn F Browning, Karin Thursky, James R Gilkerson, Helen Billman-Jacobe, Mark A Stevenson, Kirsten E Bailey
Antimicrobials are widely used in veterinary practices, but there has been no investigation into the classes of antimicrobials used or the appropriateness of their use in surgical prophylaxis. Antimicrobial usage guidelines were published by the Australian Infectious Disease Advisory Panel (AIDAP) in 2013, but there has been no investigation of compliance with them. This study aimed to investigate antimicrobial use for surgical prophylaxis in companion animal practice and assess compliance with AIDAP guidelines for selected conditions by conducting a cross-sectional study of antimicrobial usage patterns of Australian veterinarians using an online questionnaire...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608525/antimicrobials-used-for-surgical-prophylaxis-by-equine-veterinary-practitioners-in-australia
#2
L Y Hardefeldt, G F Browning, K Thursky, J R Gilkerson, H Billman-Jacobe, M A Stevenson, K E Bailey
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobials are widely used in Australian veterinary practices, but no investigation into the classes of antimicrobials used or the appropriateness of use in horses has been conducted. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to describe antimicrobial use for surgical prophylaxis in equine practice in Australia. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire survey. METHODS: An online questionnaire was used to document antimicrobial usage patterns...
June 13, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581642/improving-visual-observation-skills-through-the-arts-to-aid-radiographic-interpretation-in-veterinary-practice-a-pilot-study
#3
Cathy Beck, Heather Gaunt, Neville Chiavaroli
Radiographic interpretation is a perceptual and cognitive skill. Recently core veterinary radiology textbooks have focused on the cognitive (i.e., the clinical aspects of radiographic interpretation) rather than the features of visual observation that improve identification of abnormalities. As a result, the skill of visual observation is underemphasized and thus often underdeveloped by trainees. The study of the arts in medical education has been used to train and improve visual observation and empathy. The use of the arts to improve visual observation skills in Veterinary Science has not been previously described...
June 5, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555952/students-opinions-on-welfare-and-ethics-issues-for-companion-animals-in-australian-and-new-zealand-veterinary-schools
#4
C Degeling, A Fawcett, T Collins, S Hazel, J Johnson, J Lloyd, Cjc Phillips, K Stafford, V Tzioumis, P McGreevy
OBJECTIVE: To determine what veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand consider important competences in companion animal welfare and ethics (AWE) required on their first day of practice, and to explore how their priorities relate to gender and stage of study. METHODS: Undergraduate students at all veterinary schools in Australia and New Zealand were sent an online survey. A subset of questions required participants to rank the importance of preselected AWE topics pertaining to companion animals...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514013/antimicrobial-prescribing-in-dogs-and-cats-in-australia-results-of-the-australasian-infectious-disease-advisory-panel-survey
#5
L Y Hardefeldt, S Holloway, D J Trott, M Shipstone, V R Barrs, R Malik, M Burrows, S Armstrong, G F Browning, M Stevenson
BACKGROUND: Investigations of antimicrobial use in companion animals are limited. With the growing recognition of the need for improved antimicrobial stewardship, there is urgent need for more detailed understanding of the patterns of antimicrobial use in this sector. OBJECTIVES: To investigate antimicrobial use for medical and surgical conditions in dogs and cats by Australian veterinarians. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed over 4 months in 2011...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502594/early-evidence-for-a-virus-like-agent-infecting-the-pest-snail-theba-pisana-gastropoda-pulmonata-in-southern-italy
#6
Gionata De Vico, Rosarita Tatè, Nicola Maio, Andrea Costantino, Vincenzo Guida, Grazia Villari, Francesca Carella
The Mediterranean land snail Theba pisana (Mollusca: Helicidae) is an introduced agricultural pest in many countries around the world, including Australia, Israel, USA and South Africa. In addition, this snail is an intermediate host of parasites of importance in both human and veterinary medicine. In this study, a natural population of T. pisana snails on the Domitian coast of Italy was surveyed following a mass mortality event. By light microscopy, 30% of the collected individuals showed in the calcium cells of the digestive gland the presence of hypertrophied nuclei containing eosinophilic to weakly basophilic inclusion bodies...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497302/keys-for-the-morphological-identification-of-the-australian-paralysis-ticks-acari-ixodidae-with-scanning-electron-micrographs
#7
Mackenzie Lamont Kwak
The Australian paralysis ticks (Ixodes: Sternalixodes) are of considerable medical and veterinary importance within Australia. This is because of their ability to cause paralysis but also their capacity to transmit pathogens and induce allergic reactions. The available keys for the identification of the group (Ixodes holocyclus Neumann, Ixodes cornuatus Roberts, and Ixodes hirsti Hassall) are ambiguous and contain errors, making accurate identification of the group difficult. Illustrations of varying quality and accuracy of these species have been published in the past; however, they have never been collectively treated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
May 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482924/multiplexed-tandem-pcr-for-the-specific-diagnosis-of-gastrointestinal-nematode-infections-in-sheep-an-european-validation-study
#8
Florian Roeber, Alison Morrison, Stijn Casaert, Lee Smith, Edwin Claerebout, Philip Skuce
BACKGROUND: Traditional methods of detecting and identifying gastrointestinal nematode infections in small ruminants, including sheep and goats, are time-consuming and lack in sensitivity and specificity. Recently, we developed an automated multiplexed-tandem (MT)-PCR platform for the diagnosis and identification patent infections with key genera/species of gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep and validated this approach in detailed experiments carried out in Australia. In the present study, we deployed this diagnostic platform in Scotland and Belgium to test samples from naturally infected sheep in these environments and to validate the MT-PCR platform relative to traditional diagnostic methods routinely used by local laboratories...
May 8, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444754/retrospective-study-on-the-occurrence-of-canine-lymphoma-and-associated-breed-risks-in-a-population-of-dogs-in-nsw-2001-2009
#9
Ppy Yau, N K Dhand, P C Thomson, R M Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for canine lymphoma in dogs from New South Wales, Australia, and to compare factors affecting remission duration. METHODS: Client-owned dogs diagnosed with lymphoma presented to the University Veterinary Teaching Hospital (UVTH), University of Sydney, between 2001 and 2009 (n = 134) were compared with a control population of dogs seen in that period of time with a diagnosis other than lymphoma to evaluate association of explanatory variables (breed, age and sex) with the outcome (case or control status)...
May 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438086/feline-leprosy-due-to-candidatus-mycobacterium-tarwinense
#10
Carolyn R O'Brien, Richard Malik, Maria Globan, George Reppas, Christina McCowan, Janet A Fyfe
OBJECTIVES: This paper, the first in a series of three on 'feline leprosy', provides a detailed description of disease referable to Candidatus 'Mycobacterium tarwinense', the most common cause of feline leprosy in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Cases were sourced retrospectively and prospectively for this observational study, describing clinical, geographical and molecular microbiological data for cats definitively diagnosed with Candidatus 'M tarwinense' infection...
May 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430811/antimicrobial-resistance-in-coagulase-positive-staphylococci-isolated-from-companion-animals-in-australia-a-one-year-study
#11
Sugiyono Saputra, David Jordan, Kate A Worthing, Jacqueline M Norris, Hui S Wong, Rebecca Abraham, Darren J Trott, Sam Abraham
Methicillin-resistant coagulase-positive staphylococci (CoPS) have become increasingly recognised as opportunistic pathogens that limit therapeutic options in companion animals. The frequency of methicillin resistance amongst clinical isolates on an Australia-wide level is unknown. This study determined antimicrobial susceptibility patterns for CoPS isolated from clinical infections in companion animals (dogs, cats and horses) as part of the first nation-wide survey on antimicrobial resistance in animal pathogens in Australia for a one-year period (January 2013 to January 2014)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414634/detection-of-the-canine-parvovirus-2c-subtype-in-australian-dogs
#12
Lucy Woolford, Paul Crocker, Hannah Bobrowski, Trevor Baker, Farhid Hemmatzadeh
Canine parvovirus (CPV-2) is an important cause of hemorrhagic enteritis in dogs. In Australia the disease has been associated with CPV-2a and CPV-2b variants. A third more recently emerged variant overseas, CPV-2c, has not been detected in surveys of the Australian dog population. In this study, we report three cases of canine parvoviral enteritis associated with CPV-2c infection; case 1 occurred in an 8-week-old puppy that died following acute hemorrhagic enteritis. Cases 2 and 3 were an 11-month-old female entire Saint Bernard and a 9-month-old male entire Siberian husky, respectively, both which had completed vaccination schedules and presented with vomiting or mild diarrhea only...
June 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348862/whole-genome-sequencing-of-a-quarter-century-melioidosis-outbreak-in-temperate-australia-uncovers-a-region-of-low-prevalence-endemicity
#13
Stephanie N J Chapple, Derek S Sarovich, Matthew T G Holden, Sharon J Peacock, Nicky Buller, Clayton Golledge, Mark Mayo, Bart J Currie, Erin P Price
Melioidosis, caused by the highly recombinogenic bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, is a disease with high mortality. Tracing the origin of melioidosis outbreaks and understanding how the bacterium spreads and persists in the environment are essential to protecting public and veterinary health and reducing mortality associated with outbreaks. We used whole-genome sequencing to compare isolates from a historical quarter-century outbreak that occurred between 1966 and 1991 in the Avon Valley, Western Australia, a region far outside the known range of B...
July 2016: Microbial Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285586/serological-evidence-of-exposure-to-rickettsia-felis-and-rickettsia-typhi-in-australian-veterinarians
#14
Yen Thon Teoh, Sze Fui Hii, Mark A Stevenson, Stephen Graves, Robert Rees, John Stenos, Rebecca J Traub
BACKGROUND: Rickettsia felis and Rickettsia typhi are emerging arthropod-borne zoonoses causing fever and flu-like symptoms. Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with exposure to these organisms was explored in Australian veterinarians. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-one veterinarians from across Australia were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional survey. Veterinarians provided a single blood sample and answered a questionnaire on potential risk factors influencing their exposure to R...
March 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275611/qualitative-research-to-design-sustainable-community-based-surveillance-for-rabies-in-northern-australia-and-papua-new-guinea
#15
Victoria J Brookes, Emma Kennedy, Phillipa Dhagapan, Michael P Ward
Given the proximity and recent spread of rabies in Indonesia, effective rabies surveillance in dogs is a priority in Northern Australia and Papua New Guinea (PNG). Reporting of potential cases requires community engagement; therefore, the value and acceptability of such a system is critical to ensure sustainable surveillance. We used qualitative research methods to identify factors that influence the acceptability and value of community-based rabies surveillance. Thirty-two semi-structured interviews were conducted with informants in 16 communities in East Arnhem, the Northern Peninsula Area, the Torres Strait in Australia, and in Western Province, PNG...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253926/exo-erythrocytic-development-of-avian-malaria-and-related-haemosporidian-parasites
#16
REVIEW
Gediminas Valkiūnas, Tatjana A Iezhova
BACKGROUND: Avian malaria parasites (Plasmodium spp.) and related haemosporidians (Haemosporida) are responsible for diseases which can be severe and even lethal in avian hosts. These parasites cause not only blood pathology, but also damage various organs due to extensive exo-erythrocytic development all over the body, which is not the case during Plasmodium infections in mammals. However, exo-erythrocytic development (tissue merogony or schizogony) remains the most poorly investigated part of life cycle in all groups of wildlife haemosporidian parasites...
March 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214468/difficulties-experienced-by-veterinarians-when-communicating-about-emerging-zoonotic-risks-with-animal-owners-the-case-of-hendra-virus
#17
Diana H Mendez, Petra Büttner, Jenny Kelly, Madeleine Nowak, Rick Speare Posthumously
BACKGROUND: Communication skills are essential for veterinarians who need to discuss animal health related matters with their clients. When dealing with an emerging zoonosis, such as Hendra virus (HeV), veterinarians also have a legal responsibility to inform their clients about the associated risks to human health. Here we report on part of a mixed methods study that examined the preparedness of, and difficulties experienced by, veterinarians communicating about HeV-related risks with their clients...
February 18, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206848/the-prevalence-of-compassion-fatigue-among-veterinary-students-in-australia-and-the-associated-psychological-factors
#18
Michelle L McArthur, Jena R Andrews, Conor Brand, Susan J Hazel
Compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and other characteristics such as mindfulness and mental health stigma have not been investigated in veterinary students. The aims of this study were twofold: first to determine the prevalence of compassion, satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress among Australian veterinary students and second to investigate the association between these factors and self-stigma, coping, empathy, and mindfulness. A cross-sectional online survey consisting of demographic questions and four validated psychological measures sampled 828 students, with a response rate of 31% (255/828)...
December 0: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206835/resilience-in-veterinary-students-and-the-predictive-role-of-mindfulness-and-self-compassion
#19
Michelle McArthur, Caroline Mansfield, Susan Matthew, Sanaa Zaki, Conor Brand, Jena Andrews, Susan Hazel
Resilience is a dynamic and multifaceted process in which individuals draw on personal and contextual resources. In difficult situations, resilient people use specific strategies to learn from the situation without being overcome by it. As stressors are inherent to veterinary work, including long work hours, ethical dilemmas, and challenging interactions with clients, resilience is an important component of professional quality of life. However, while resilience in other health professionals has received attention, it has received little in the veterinary field...
December 0: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169564/demographics-lifestyle-and-veterinary-care-of-cats-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#20
Laura Johnston, Julia Szczepanski, Phillip McDonagh
Objectives The aim of this survey was to provide up-to-date information on the demographics, lifestyle and veterinary care of cats in Australia and New Zealand. Methods An online survey consisting of 19 questions was created using SurveyMonkey. Cat owners were invited to participate through advertisements in veterinary clinics and social media. Results The average number of cats in a household was two. The majority of cats lived in free-standing houses (78%) in the suburbs (66%). The majority of cats were desexed (94% [49% female neutered; 45% male neutered])...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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