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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637339/emergence-of-ceftazidime-avibactam-non-susceptibility-in-an-mdr-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolate
#1
Anna Both, Henning Büttner, Jiabin Huang, Markus Perbandt, Cristina Belmar Campos, Martin Christner, Florian P Maurer, Stefan Kluge, Christina König, Martin Aepfelbacher, Dominic Wichmann, Holger Rohde
Background: Avibactam is a novel broad-range β-lactamase inhibitor active against Ambler class A (including ESBL and KPC) and some Ambler class C and D (e.g. OXA-48) enzymes. We here report on the emergence of ceftazidime/avibactam resistance in clinical, multiresistant, OXA-48 and CTX-M-14-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate DT12 during ceftazidime/avibactam treatment. Methods and results: Comparative whole-genome sequence analysis identified two SNPs in the CTX-M-14-encoding gene leading to two amino acid changes (P170S and T264I)...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637271/logical-issues-with-the-pressure-natriuresis-theory-of-chronic-hypertension
#2
Theodore W Kurtz, Stephen E DiCarlo, R Curtis Morris
The term "abnormal pressure natriuresis" refers to a subnormal effect of a given level of blood pressure (BP) on sodium excretion. It is widely believed that abnormal pressure natriuresis causes an initial increase in BP to be sustained. We refer to this view as the "pressure natriuresis theory of chronic hypertension." The proponents of the theory contend that all forms of chronic hypertension are sustained by abnormal pressure natriuresis, irrespective of how hypertension is initiated. This theory would appear to follow from "the three laws of long-term arterial pressure regulation" stated by Guyton and Coleman more than 3 decades ago...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637192/an-explorative-study-examining-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-training-in-the-field-of-music-therapy
#3
Anita L Gadberry, Alison Sweeney
Background: Music therapists work with many people who require Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC). As communication goals are central to music therapy practice, many music therapists would benefit from training in AAC. Objective: The purpose of this survey study was to determine the state of AAC education for music therapists at the university level, how AAC is being used in music therapy sessions, and how practicing music therapists are trained in AAC...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637158/a-reused-method-for-molasses-processed-wastewater-effect-on-silage-quality-and-anaerobic-digestion-performance-of-pennisetum-purpereum
#4
Lianhua Li, Zhenhong Yuan, Yongming Sun, Xiaoying Kong, Pengyu Dong, Jia Zhang
The silage quality and anaerobic digestion performance of Pennisetum purpereum with molasses-processed wastewater addition were assessed. The silage samples with molasses-processed wastewater addition obtained higher lactic acid concentration of 15.18-23.38mg/g FM, lower pH value of 3.96-4.45 and lower NH3-N content of 0.47-0.64mg/g FM. No obvious difference was observed in the dominant phyla and genus, but the relative abundance of Lactobacillus reached up to 77.39%, increased by 84% compared to the silage samples without molasses-processed wastewater addition...
May 4, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637137/development-and-acceptability-testing-of-decision-trees-for-self-management-of-prosthetic-socket-fit-in-adults-with-lower-limb-amputation
#5
Daniel Joseph Lee, Diana A Veneri
PURPOSE: The most common complaint lower limb prosthesis users report is inadequacy of a proper socket fit. Adjustments to the residual limb-socket interface can be made by the prosthesis user without consultation of a clinician in many scenarios through skilled self-management. Decision trees guide prosthesis wearers through the self-management process, empowering them to rectify fit issues, or referring them to a clinician when necessary. This study examines the development and acceptability testing of patient-centered decision trees for lower limb prosthesis users...
February 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637101/-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#6
REVIEW
Hak Soo Kim, Yong Kyun Cho
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes a wide spectrum of diseases that range from simple steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and cirrhosis. In addition, the burden of NAFLD is rapidly growing. Previously, NAFLD was regarded as a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome, which is a traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. However, there has been an increasing evidence that suggest NAFLD to be an independent risk factor of CVD. Therefore, currently, NAFLD should be reconsidered as not only a simple manifestation of metabolic syndrome, but also a systemic disease that contribute to CVD...
June 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637091/nurse-managers-determinants-and-behaviours-in-relation-to-patient-and-visitor-aggression-in-general-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#7
Birgit Heckemann, Karin A Peter, Ruud Jg Halfens, Jos Mga Schols, Gerjo Kok, Sabine Hahn
AIM: 'To explore nurse managers' behaviours, attitudes, perceived social norms and behavioural control in the prevention and management of patient and visitor aggression in general hospitals. BACKGROUND: Patient and visitor aggression in general hospitals is a global problem that incurs substantial human suffering and organizational cost. Managers are key persons for creating low-aggression environments, yet their role and behaviour in reducing patient and visitor aggression remains unexplored...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637068/traumatic-suprascapular-nerve-injury-at-the-notch-a-reason-for-the-posterior-approach-in-brachial-plexus-reconstruction
#8
Marc A Seifman, Scott Ferris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636865/reducing-the-burden-of-sexually-transmissible-infections-in-papua-new-guinea-requires-strengthening-of-clinical-services-and-engaging-men
#9
Jane S Hocking, Cathy Vaughan, Andrew Lau, Dorothy A Machalek, Simon Graham
In this edition of Sexual Health, Vallely et al. report the results of a cross-sectional prevalence survey of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) among women attending their first antenatal visit in three provinces of Papua New Guinea (PNG). This Editorial examines potential reasons for these high prevalence estimates and discusses strategies for addressing high STIs rates in PNG.
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636734/is-computed-tomography-perfusion-a-useful-method-for-distinguishing-between-benign-and-malignant-neck-masses
#10
Fatih Düzgün, Serdar Tarhan, Gülgün Yılmaz Ovalı, Görkem Eskiizmir, Yüksel Pabuşçu
Evaluation of neck masses is frequent in ear, nose, and throat clinics. Successful outcomes associated with neck mass are directly related to rapid diagnosis and accurate treatment for each patient. Late diagnosis of a malignant mass increases the magnitude of morbidity and the rate of mortality of the disease. Although magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography (CT) examinations are important tools for evaluating head and neck pathologies, they do not allow functional evaluation. For this reason, CT perfusion (CTP) as a method of functional evaluation for distinguishing benign from malignant masses is gaining attention...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636669/exploring-factors-associated-with-art-adherence-and-retention-in-care-under-option-b-strategy-in-malawi-a-qualitative-study
#11
Salem Gugsa, Katy Potter, Hannock Tweya, Sam Phiri, Odala Sande, Pascal Sikwese, Janet Chikonda, Gabrielle O'Malley
Although several studies have documented challenges related to inadequate adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and high loss to follow-up (LTFU) among Option B+ women, there is limited understanding of why these challenges occur and how to address them. This qualitative study examines women's experiences with ART adherence and retention in care. Between July and October 2015, in-depth interviews were conducted with 39 pregnant and lactating women who initiated ART at Bwaila Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636621/validation-study-of-the-safety-attitudes-questionnaire-saq-in-public-hospitals-of-heilongjiang-province-china
#12
Ying Li, Xiaowen Zhao, Xue Zhang, Chi Zhang, Hongkun Ma, Mingli Jiao, Xia Li, Lijun Gao, Mo Hao, Jun Lv, Yanming Zhao, Yu Cui, Jinghua Liu, Zhaoquan Huang, Wuxiang Shi, Qunhong Wu, Mei Yin
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to validate the reliability and validity of the safety attitudes questionnaire (SAQ) in Heilongjiang province, northern China. METHODS: The SAQ was distributed to 27 public hospitals in five cities across Heilongjiang province. The Cronbach's α, item-dimension and dimension-dimension correlations were calculated. Descriptive analyses and confirmatory factor analysis were also performed. RESULTS: The recovery rate of the questionnaire was 84...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636527/evaluating-performance-over-time-is-improving-better-than-being-consistently-good
#13
Monica Soliman, Roger Buehler
In many decision contexts, people evaluate others based on intertemporal performance records, and commonly face a choice between two distinct profiles: performance that is consistently high versus performance that improves over time to that high level. We proposed that these two profiles could be appealing for different reasons, and thus evaluators' preferences will differ across decision contexts. In three studies, participants were presented with candidates (e.g., students, employees) displaying the two profiles, and evaluated each candidate in terms of performance, future expectations, and deservingness...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636432/young-men-masculinities-and-suicide
#14
Mette Lyberg Rasmussen, Hanne Haavind, Gudrun Dieserud
OBJECTIVE: Young men constitute one of the highest risk groups for suicide in most countries. This gives reason to explore how meanings attached to masculinity can be evoked and handled when a young man takes his life. METHOD: In-depth interviews with five to eight informants for each of ten suicides, as well as suicide notes, were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. RESULTS: The suicides appeared as signature acts of compensatory masculinity with the following themes: When hope is gone, no one must know; weakness was never allowed; and suicide conducted in a way to present oneself as heroic...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636377/enthalpies-of-formation-of-hydrazine-and-its-derivatives
#15
Olga V Dorofeeva, Oxana N Ryzhova, Taisiya A Suchkova
Enthalpies of formation, ∆_f H_298^°, both in the gas and condensed phase, and enthalpies of sublimation or vaporization have been estimated for hydrazine, NH2NH2, and its 36 various derivatives using quantum chemical calculations. The composite G4 method has been used along with isodesmic reaction schemes to derive a set of self-consistent high accuracy gas-phase enthalpies of formation. To estimate the enthalpies of sublimation and vaporization with reasonable accuracy (5-20 kJ/mol), the method of molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) has been used...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636359/relativistic-approximations-to-paramagnetic-nmr-chemical-shift-and-shielding-anisotropy-in-transition-metal-systems
#16
Syed Awais Rouf, Jiří Mareš, Juha Vaara
We apply approximate relativistic methods to calculate the magnetic property tensors, i.e., the g-tensor, zero-field splitting (ZFS) tensor (D), and hyperfine coupling (HFC) tensors, for the purpose of constructing paramagnetic nuclear magnetic resonance (pNMR) shielding tensors. The chemical shift and shielding anisotropy are calculated by applying a modern implementation of the classic Kurland-McGarvey theory (J. Magn. Reson. 1970, 2, 286), which formulates the shielding tensor in terms of the g- and HFC tensors obtained for the ground multiplet, in the case of higher than doublet multiplicity defined by the ZFS interaction...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636351/heats-of-formation-of-medium-size-organic-compounds-from-contemporary-electronic-structure-methods
#17
Yury Minenkov, Heng Wang, Zhandong Wang, S Mani Sarathy, Luigi Cavallo
Computational electronic structure calculations are routinely undertaken to predict thermodynamic properties of the various species. However, the application of highly accurate wave function theory methods, such as the "gold standard" coupled cluster approach including single, double and partly triple excitations in perturbative fashion, CCSD(T), to large molecules is limited due to high computational cost. In this work, the promising domain based local pair natural orbital coupled cluster approach, DLPNO-CCSD(T), has been tested to reproduce 113 accurate formation enthalpies of medium-size molecules (few dozens heavy atoms) important for bio- and combustion chemistry via the reaction based Feller-Peterson-Dixon approach...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636135/job-satisfaction-mediates-subjective-social-status-and-turnover-intention-among-chinese-nurses
#18
Danjun Feng, Shan Su, Yang Yang, Jinghua Xia, Yonggang Su
Nurse turnover is one of the reasons for the global nurse shortage. Although previous studies have examined the determinants of turnover intention in detail, there is limited knowledge on the effect of subjective social status on nurse turnover intention. Therefore, in this study, we examined this relationship, including job satisfaction as a mediator, among Chinese nurses. This cross-sectional study employed questionnaires to assess subjective social status, job satisfaction, and turnover intention in 581 nurses who were randomly recruited from 10 hospitals in Jinan, China...
June 21, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636072/using-chief-complaint-in-addition-to-diagnosis-codes-to-identify-falls-in-the-emergency-department
#19
Brian W Patterson, Maureen A Smith, Michael D Repplinger, Michael S Pulia, James E Svenson, Michael K Kim, Manish N Shah
OBJECTIVES: To compare incidence of falls in an emergency department (ED) cohort using a traditional International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) code-based scheme and an expanded definition that included chief complaint information and to examine the clinical characteristics of visits "missed" in the ICD-9-based scheme. DESIGN: Retrospective electronic record review. SETTING: Academic medical center ED. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older seen in the ED between January 1, 2013, and September 30, 2015...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636059/clinical-outcome-and-complications-of-thoracic-and-pelvic-limb-stump-and-socket-prostheses
#20
Andrew Phillips, Elvin Kulendra, Edith Bishop, Michelle Monk, Kevin Parsons, Arthur House
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use, quality of life, compliance, complications, and outcome of animals fitted with stump socket prostheses. METHODS: Medical records of dogs fitted with a stump socket prosthesis were reviewed. Functional outcome, quality of life and complications were retrospectively assessed from an owner questionnaire. RESULTS: Thirteen stump socket prostheses (12 dogs) were fitted for a variety of reasons including trauma, congenital abnormalities, and neoplasia...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
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