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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048917/a-population-based-study-of-the-prevalence-of-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-and-its-related-factors-among-iranian-reproductive-age-women-an-updated-data
#1
Hadigheh Kazemijaliseh, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Samira Behboudi-Gandevani, Davood Khalili, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is one of the most common gynecologic complaints among reproductive-age women. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of AUB and its related factors among reproductive age Iranian women. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 1393 women aged 15 - 45 years who participated in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study in 2009 - 2012. FIGO terminology and previous definitions were used for classification of AUB...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034763/pronuclear-pattern-does-not-predict-morphokinetics-behavior-in-human-embryos
#2
Azita Faramarzi, Mohammad Ali Khalili, Marjan Omidi, Azam Agha-Rahimi, Fatemeh Taheri
The purpose was to investigate the correlation between pronuclei (PN) morphology and morphokinetic behaviors of derived embryos with time lapse monitoring (TLM) in assisted reproduction setting. Over time, PN morphology from PN appearance (PNA) to PN fading (PNF), PNF according to size, contact, number and position of nuclear precursor bodies (NPBs) within each PN and morphokinetics variables, including absolute time points, relative timing parameters, cleavage patterns and arrest rate, were evaluated using TLM...
October 16, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023946/a-novel-recombinant-anti-egfr-peptide-vaccine-capable-of-active-immunization-and-reduction-of-tumor-volume-in-mice-model
#3
Majid Asadi-Ghalehni, Mohamad Javad Rasaee, Masoumeh RajabiBazl, Masood Khosravani, Majid Motaghinejad, Masoud Javanmardi, Saeed Khalili, Helmout Modjtahedi, Esmaeil Sadroddiny
Over-expression of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) has been reported in a number of human malignancies. High levels of expression of this receptor have been associated with poor survival in many such patients. Active immunizations that elicit antibodies of the desired type could be an appealing alternative for conventional passive immunization. In this regard, we decide to construct a novel recombinant peptide vaccine capable of prophylactic and therapeutic effects. A novel fusion recombinant peptide base vaccine consisting of L2 domain of murine ECD-EGFR and EGFR mimotope (EM-L2) was constructed and its prophylactic and therapeutic effects on the Lewis lung carcinoma mice (C57/BL6) model were evaluated...
October 10, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022295/retinopathy-of-prematurity-assist-novel-software-for-detecting-plus-disease
#4
Elias Khalili Pour, Hamidreza Pourreza, Kambiz Ameli Zamani, Alireza Mahmoudi, Arash Mir Mohammad Sadeghi, Mahla Shadravan, Reza Karkhaneh, Ramak Rouhi Pour, Mohammad Riazi Esfahani
PURPOSE: To design software with a novel algorithm, which analyzes the tortuosity and vascular dilatation in fundal images of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) patients with an acceptable accuracy for detecting plus disease. METHODS: Eighty-seven well-focused fundal images taken with RetCam were classified to three groups of plus, non-plus, and pre-plus by agreement between three ROP experts. Automated algorithms in this study were designed based on two methods: the curvature measure and distance transform for assessment of tortuosity and vascular dilatation, respectively as two major parameters of plus disease detection...
September 22, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993173/role-of-mexab-oprm-and-mexxy-oprm-efflux-pumps-and-class-1-integrons-in-resistance-to-antibiotics-in-burn-and-intensive-care-unit-isolates-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#5
Hamid Reza Goli, Mohammad Reza Nahaei, Mohammad Ahangarzadeh Rezaee, Alka Hasani, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Mohammad Aghazadeh, Mojtaba Nikbakht, Younes Khalili
BACKGROUND: The overexpression of efflux pumps and existence of class 1 integrons are the most important mechanisms that contribute to antimicrobial resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa especially in burn and Intensive Care Units (ICUs). The present study evaluated the role of MexAB-OprM and MexXY-OprM efflux pumps and class 1 integrons in resistance to antibiotics in burn and ICU isolates of P. aeruginosa. METHODS: Fifteen burn and forty-two ICU isolates were obtained from four hospitals in Northwest Iran...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991856/genetic-polymorphisms-in-fatty-acid-metabolism-modify-the-association-between-dietary-n3-n6-intake-and-risk-of-ulcerative-colitis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Ashwin N Ananthakrishnan, Hamed Khalili, Mingyang Song, Leslie M Higuchi, Paul Lochhead, James M Richter, Andrew T Chan
INTRODUCTION: High intake of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) is associated with a decreased risk of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). However, results have been heterogeneous suggesting that genetic variations in PUFA metabolism may modify this risk. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study nested within 2 prospective cohorts, the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHS II. Among women providing blood (n = 62,437) or buccal cells (n = 59,543) for genotyping, we confirmed new diagnoses of CD or UC...
November 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983665/the-effect-of-prebiotic-vaginal-gel-with-adjuvant-oral-metronidazole-tablets-on-treatment-and-recurrence-of-bacterial-vaginosis-a-triple-blind-randomized-controlled-study
#7
Sevil Hakimi, Faranak Farhan, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili, Parvin Dehghan, Yousef Javadzadeh, Shamsi Abbasalizadeh, Bagher Khalvati
PURPOSE: Bacterial vaginosis is a change in the normal vaginal bacterial flora that leads to loss of hydrogen peroxide producing lactobacilli and overgrowth of predominantly anaerobic bacteria. The present study was conducted to compare the effects of prebiotic vaginal gel with oral metronidazole tablet and metronidazole tablet alone on treatment and recurrence of bacterial vaginosis. METHODS: The present triple-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted in Sadatmandi Hospital in Robat-Karim town, where 100 patients were randomly divided into intervention (receiving a 5 mg prebiotic vaginal gel applicator plus three 250 mg metronidazole tablets per day for 7 days) and control (receiving a 5 mg placebo vaginal gel applicator and three 250 mg metronidazole tablets per day for 7 days) groups...
October 5, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975070/paracetamol-instead-of-ketorolac-in-post-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-pain-management-a-randomized-trial
#8
Alireza Jahangiri Fard, Behrooz Farzanegan, Ali Khalili, Nejatali Ebrahimi Ahmadabad, Abolghasem Daneshvar Kakhaki, Tahereh Parsa, Maziyar Mahjoobifard, Mohammad Khabiri, Majid Golestani Eraghi
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is a minimally invasive procedure that is growing more common around the world. Despite causing less pain compared open thoracic surgery, postoperative pain management is still important. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare the analgesic effects of paracetamol and ketorolac in VATS patients. METHODS: This was a double-blinded randomized clinical trial conducted on 70 patients undergoing lobectomy or segmentectomy due to lung masses, using video-assisted methods...
December 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963092/comparing-the-effects-of-oral-contraceptives-containing-levonorgestrel-with-products-containing-antiandrogenic-progestins-on-clinical-hormonal-and-metabolic-parameters-and-quality-of-life-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-crossover-randomized-controlled
#9
Mina Amiri, Fatemeh Nahidi, Davood Khalili, Razieh Bidhendi-Yarandi, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani
BACKGROUND: Oral contraceptives (OCs) have been used as a first-line option for medical treatment in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Despite theoretical superiority of products containing antiandrogenic progestins compared to OCs containing levonorgestrel (LNG), the clinical advantage of these compounds remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of OCs containing LNG with products containing antiandrogenic progestins including cyproterone acetate, drospirenone, and desogestrel on clinical, hormonal, and metabolic parameters and quality of life in women with PCOS...
September 29, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944539/nanofibrous-scaffolds-with-biomimetic-structure
#10
Shahla Khalili, Saied Nouri Khorasani, Mohammad Razavi, Batol Hashemi Beni, Fariba Heydari, Ali Tamayol
This research studies the effect of using a grid-like pattern as a collector on increasing the pore size of the electrospun gelatin/cellulose acetate/elastin scaffolds. The morphological study showed an enlargement in pore size and a decline in fiber diameter in comparison with the scaffold fabricated using conventional flat sheet collectors. The use of the pattern increased the swelling ratio and degradation rate of the scaffold. Investigating the tensile properties of scaffolds revealed that the patterned collector increased the elongation at break up to 145%...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940256/chlorpromazine-versus-penfluridol-for-schizophrenia
#11
REVIEW
Naemeh Nikvarz, Mostafa Vahedian, Navid Khalili
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of chlorpromazine, a benchmark antipsychotic, has not been fully assessed in direct comparison with different individual antipsychotics. Penfluridol is another old antipsychotic with a long half-life so one oral dose may last up to one week. This could confer advantage. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical effects of chlorpromazine compared with penfluridol for adults with schizophrenia. SEARCH METHODS: On 31 March 2017, we searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Study-Based Register of Trials which is based on regular searches of CINAHL, BIOSIS, AMED, Embase, PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and registries of clinical trials...
September 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939539/falxuplication-a-novel-method-for-wrap-clipping-a-fusiform-aneurysm-a-technical-note
#12
Martin M Mortazavi, Tania Hassanzadeh, Kianoush Khalili, Sajid S Suriya, M Asif Taqi, Salman A Fard, R Shane Tubbs
BACKGROUND: Various techniques have been used for wrap-clipping a ruptured, fusiform intracranial aneurysm. However, there is no available literature on use of the falx cerebri for wrap-clipping. OBJECTIVE: We present a review of the literature with an illustrative case, with a ruptured fusiform pericallosal artery aneurysm firmly attached to the lower edge of the falx cerebri and not amenable to endovascular intervention. METHODS: While the firm attachment between the inferior falx and the fusiform aneurysm was maintained, a section of the lower thinner part of the falx cerebri firmly attached to the aneurysm was dissected and wrapped around the fusiform aneurysm, stabilized with a fenestrated clip...
September 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939512/piperine-loaded-chitosan-stpp-nanoparticles-reduce-neuronal-loss-and-astrocytes-activation-in-chemical-kindling-model-of-epilepsy
#13
Diana Anissian, Maryam Ghasemi-Kasman, Mohsen Khalili-Fomeshi, Atefeh Akbari, Mona Hashemian, Sohrab Kazemi, Aliakbar Moghadamnia
Recent evidence suggests that encapsulation of hydrophobic drugs in biodegradable polymers opens a new horizon in nanomedicine filed. Piperine, a main alkaloid form of black pepper possesses potent anticonvulsant activity. However, the low water solubility of piperine has limited its clinical application. In this study, piperine was loaded on chitosan-sodium tripolyphosphate nanoparticles (CS-STPP NPs) and the effect of piperine NPs on seizures behavior and astrocytes activation was assessed in pentylentetrazol (PTZ)-induced kindling model...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939403/piperine-restores-streptozotocin-induced-cognitive-impairments-insights-into-oxidative-balance-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-hippocampus
#14
Mohsen Khalili-Fomeshi, Mohammad Golparvar Azizi, Mohammad Reza Esmaeili, Mohammad Gol, Sohrab Kazemi, Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Ali Akbar Moghadamnia, Soheila Hosseinzadeh
Piperine has been shown to have antioxidant activity and a cognitive-enhancing effect following long-term oral administration. In a comparative study of memantine, the current investigation threw light on the cognitive benefits of piperine. Lipid peroxidation and the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and hippocampus in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced experimental dementia of the Alzheimer's type was measured. After reaching a criterion in a memory test, STZ-induced rats received piperine [2...
September 20, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924213/an-alternate-mode-of-oligomerization-for-e-coli-seca
#15
Aliakbar Khalili Yazdi, Grant C Vezina, Brian H Shilton
SecA is the ATPase of preprotein translocase. SecA is a dimer in solution and changes in its oligomeric state may function in preprotein translocation. The SecA-N68 construct, in which the C-terminal helical domains of SecA are deleted, was used to investigate the mechanism of SecA oligomerization. SecA-N68 is in equilibrium between monomers, dimers, and tetramers. Subunit interactions in the SecA-N68 tetramer are mediated entirely by unstructured regions at its N- and C-termini: when the termini are deleted to yield SecA-N68∆NC, the construct is completely monomeric...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922252/clinical-predictors-and-natural-history-of-disease-extension-in-patients-with-ulcerative-proctitis
#16
Emily Walsh, Young Wha Chah, Samantha M Chin, Paul Lochhead, Vijay Yajnik, Vera Denmark, John J Garber, Hamed Khalili
BACKGROUND: A proportion of patients with initial presentation of ulcerative proctitis (UP) progress to more extensive colitis. We sought to characterize the natural history and identify clinical predictors of extension in UP. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of participants with a new diagnosis of UP from January 2000 to December 2015. We used Cox proportional hazard modeling to identify predictors of disease extension. RESULTS: We identified 169 new cases of UP with a median age of diagnosis of 40 years (range: 16-91 yr) and a median follow-up of 4...
November 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917844/comparison-of-chitosan-and-chitosan-nanoparticles-on-the-performance-and-charge-recombination-of-water-based-gel-electrolyte-in-dye-sensitized-solar-cells
#17
Malihe Khalili, Mohammad Abedi, Hossein Salar Amoli, Seyed Ahmad Mozaffari
In commercialization of liquid dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), whose leakage, evaporation and toxicity of organic solvents are limiting factors, replacement of organic solvents with water-based gel electrolyte is recommended. This work reports on utilizing and comparison of chitosan and chitosan nanoparticle as different gelling agents in preparation of water-based gel electrolyte in fabrication of dye sensitized solar cells. All photovoltaic parameters such as open circuit voltage (Voc), fill factor (FF), short circuit current density (Jsc) and conversion efficiency (η) were measured...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917365/a-systematic-review-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-rosa-damascena-mill-with-an-overview-on-its-phytopharmacological-properties
#18
REVIEW
Neda Nayebi, Nahid Khalili, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Majid Emtiazy
Rosa damascena Mill. is one of the most famous ornamental plants cultivated all over the world mostly for perfumery industries. Traditionally it has been used as an astringent, analgesic, cardiac and intestinal tonic.The paucity ofauthoritative monographs urged usto summarize its clinical effectiveness and safety with acomprehensive review of the literature. "PUBMED", "SCOPUS", "WEBOF SCIENCE" were searched up to April 30, 2017 with search terms:("Rosa damascena" OR "Damask Rose"). All human studies with any mono-preparation were included...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916186/clinical-immunological-and-genetic-spectrum-of-696-patients-with-combined-immunode%C3%AF-ciency
#19
Hassan Abolhassani, Janet Chou, Wayne Bainter, Craig Platt, Mahmood Tavassoli, Toba Momen, Marzieh Tavakol, Mohammad Hossein Eslamian, Mohammad Gharagozlou, Masoud Movahedi, Mohsen Ghadami, Amir Ali Hamidieh, Gholamreza Azizi, Reza Yazdani, Mohsen Afarideh, Alireza Ghajar, Arash Havaei, Zahra Chavoushzadeh, Seyed Alireza Mahdaviani, Taher Cheraghi, Nasrin Behniafard, Reza Amin, Soheila Aleyasin, Reza Faridhosseini, Farahzad Jabbari-Azad, Mohammamd Nabavi, Mohammad Hassan Bemanian, Saba Arshi, Rasol Molatefi, Roya Sherkat, Mahboubeh Mansouri, Mehrnaz Mesdaghi, Delara Babaie, Iraj Mohammadzadeh, Javad Ghaffari, Alireza Shafiei, Najmeddin Kalantari, Hamid Ahanchian, Maryam Khoshkhui, Habib Soheili, Abbas Dabbaghzadeh, Afshin Shirkani, Rasoul Nasiri Kalmarzi, Seyed Hamidreza Mortazavi, Javad Tafaroji, Abbas Khalili, Javad Mohammadi, Babak Negahdari, Mohammad-Taghi Joghataei, Basel K Al-Ramadi, Capucine Picard, Nima Parvaneh, Nima Rezaei, Talal Chatila, Michel J Massaad, Sevgi Keles, Lennart Hammarström, Raif S Geha, Asghar Aghamohammadi
BACKGROUND: Combined immunodeficiencies (CIDs) are diseases of defective adaptive immunity with diverse clinical phenotypes. Although CIDs are more prevalent in the Middle East than Western countries, the resources for genetic diagnosis are limited. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to characterize the categories of CID patients in Iran clinically and genetically. METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data were obtained from 696 patients with CIDs. Patients were subdivided into those with syndromic (344 patients) and non-syndromic CIDs (352 patients)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906090/multiple-keratoacanthoma-centrifugum-marginatum-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-and-persistent-corneal-epithelial-defect-an-unusual-case
#20
Hamid R Jahadi Hosseini, Farhad Handjani, Hamid R Anvari Ardakani, Maryam S Sadati, Mohammad R Khalili, Adel Attarzadeh
We report here a case of a child with multiple keratoacanthoma centrifugum marginatum in association with corneal epithelial defect and juvenile arthritis. Keratoacanthoma is a skin tumor and the patient presented with an uncommon type of it.
October 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
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