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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785692/impact-of-enteral-nutrition-with-an-immunomodulating-diet-enriched-with-hydrolyzed-whey-peptide-on-infection-after-liver-transplantation
#1
Naoko Kamo, Toshimi Kaido, Yuhei Hamaguchi, Ryuji Uozumi, Shinya Okumura, Atsushi Kobayashi, Hisaya Shirai, Shintaro Yagi, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND: Infection is a leading cause of death after liver transplantation (LT). Therefore, prevention of infection is crucial for improving outcomes after LT. We examined the impact of early enteral nutrition with an immunomodulating diet (IMD) enriched with hydrolyzed whey peptide (HWP) formulation on infection after living donor LT (LDLT), focusing on sarcopenia. METHODS: This study enrolled 279 consecutive patients who underwent primary LDLT at our institute between January 2008 and April 2015...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785075/biliary-strictures-complicating-living-donor-liver-transplantation-problems-novel-insights-and-solutions
#2
REVIEW
Harshavardhan B Rao, Arjun Prakash, Surendran Sudhindran, Rama P Venu
Biliary stricture complicating living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is a relatively common complication, occurring in most transplant centres across the world. Cases of biliary strictures are more common in LDLT than in deceased donor liver transplantation. Endoscopic management is the mainstay for biliary strictures complicating LDLT and includes endoscopic retrograde cholangiography, sphincterotomy and stent placement (with or without balloon dilatation). The efficacy and safety profiles as well as outcomes of endoscopic management of biliary strictures complicating LDLT is an area that needs to be viewed in isolation, owing to its unique set of problems and attending complications; as such, it merits a tailored approach, which is yet to be well established...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782354/criteria-to-identify-a-potential-deceased-organ-donor-a-systematic-review
#3
Janet E Squires, Mary Coughlin, Kristin Dorrance, Stefanie Linklater, Michaël Chassé, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Sam D Shemie, Sonny Dhanani, Gregory A Knoll
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the global published literature defining a potential deceased organ donor and identifying clinical triggers for deceased organ donation identification and referral. DATA SOURCES: Medline and Embase databases from January 2006 to September 2017. STUDY SELECTION: All published studies containing a definition of a potential deceased organ donor and/or clinical triggers for referring a potential deceased organ donor were eligible for inclusion...
May 18, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781949/optn-vascularized-composite-allograft-vca-waiting-list-current-status-and-trends-in-the-united-states
#4
Jennifer L Wainright, Christopher L Wholley, Wida S Cherikh, Jennifer M Musick, David K Klassen
BACKGROUND: Vascularized Composite Allograft (VCA) transplantation is a developing area in the field of transplantation. METHODS: This study used Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) VCA waiting list and transplant data from July 3, 2014 through February 28, 2018 to characterize the OPTN VCA waiting list in terms of composition, removal patterns, waiting time, resulting transplants, and trends over time. RESULTS: Between implementation of the OPTN VCA waiting list on July 3, 2014 and February 28, 2018, 54 candidates - 53...
April 30, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781880/willingness-to-donate-organs-among-people-living-with-hiv
#5
Anh Q Nguyen, Saad K Anjum, Samantha E Halpern, Komal Kumar, Sarah E Van Pilsum Rasmussen, Brianna Doby, Ashton A Shaffer, Allan B Massie, Aaron A R Tobian, Dorry L Segev, Jeremy Sugarman, Christine M Durand
BACKGROUND: With passage of the HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act, people living with HIV (PLWH) can donate organs to PLWH awaiting transplant. Understanding knowledge and attitudes regarding organ donation among PLWH in the US is critical to implementing the HOPE Act. METHODS: PLWH were surveyed regarding their knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about organ donation and transplantation at an urban academic HIV clinic in Baltimore, MD between 08/2016-10/2016. Responses were compared using Fisher's exact and chi-squared tests...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781831/same-sex-and-different-sex-parent-families-in-italy-is-parents-sexual-orientation-associated-with-child-health-outcomes-and-parental-dimensions
#6
Roberto Baiocco, Nicola Carone, Salvatore Ioverno, Vittorio Lingiardi
OBJECTIVE: Seventy gay fathers through surrogacy, 125 lesbian mothers through donor insemination, and 195 heterosexual parents through spontaneous conception, all with children aged 3 to 11 years and living in Italy, were compared on children's psychological adjustment and prosocial behavior, as well as parental self-efficacy, dyadic adjustment, family cohesion, and flexibility. Associations among family structures, family processes, and child health outcomes were also tested. METHODS: Participants were matched for child characteristics...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779841/adrenal-function-after-laparoscopic-nephrectomy-the-zurich-clinical-trial
#7
Hans Albin Gritsch
This manuscript reviews the outcomes of a European clinical trial to evaluate the effects of living kidney donation on adrenal function. The study shows that left-sided donor nephrectomy is associated with transiently reduced adrenocortical responsiveness, which returns to baseline after 28 d.
May 17, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779269/-the-applications-of-periodontal-gingival-surgery-%C3%A2-alternative-materials
#8
Er-Jia Mao
The main purposes of periodontal graft surgery include achieving root coverage, improving the clinical attachment level and keratinized tissue, and advancing the procedure of periodontal plastic surgery. Autogenous graft, such as subepithelial connective tissue graft-based procedure, provide the best outcomes for mean and complete root coverage, as well as increase in keratinized tissue. However, a disadvantage of the procedure is in the location of the operation itself: the additional surgical site (palate)...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777958/sssupramolecular-poly-acrylic-acid-f127-hydrogel-with-hydration-controlled-nitric-oxide-release-for-enhancing-wound-healing
#9
Mathilde Champeau, Valéria Póvoa, Lucas Militão, Flávia Cabrini, Guilherme F Picheth, Florian Meneau, Carlos P Jara, Eliana P de Araujo, Marcelo G de Oliveira
Topical nitric oxide (NO) delivery has been shown to accelerate wound healing. However, delivering NO to wounds at appropriate rates and doses requires new biomaterial-based strategies. Here, we describe the development of supramolecular interpolymer complex hydrogels comprising PEO-PPO-PEO (F127) micelles embedded in a poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) matrix, with S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) molecules dissolved in the hydrophilic domain. We show that PAA:F127/GSNO hydrogels start releasing NO upon hydration at rates controlled by their rates of water absorption...
May 16, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775981/from-auto-to-allotransplantation-immunomodulatory-protocol-for-hand-and-arm-transplantation
#10
W P Andrew Lee, Jaimie T Shores, Gerald Brandacher
AIM:  To achieve a favorable risk-benefit balance for hand transplantation, an immunomodulatory protocol was developed in the laboratory and translated to clinical application. METHODS:  Following donor bone marrow infusion into transplant recipients, hand and arm allografts have been maintained on low-dose tacrolimus monotherapy. RESULTS:  Good-to-excellent functional recovery has been achieved in patients compliant with medication and therapy, thus restoring autonomous and productive lives...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773298/veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-bridged-living-donor-lung-transplantation-for-rapid-progressive-respiratory-failure-with-pleuroparenchymal-fibroelastosis-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#11
Ayako Shimada, Jiro Terada, Kenji Tsushima, Yoshihisa Tateishi, Ryuzo Abe, Shigeto Oda, Motomu Kobayashi, Masaomi Yamane, Takahiro Oto, Koichiro Tatsumi
Cases of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) bridged lung transplantation (LTx) are rare in Japan because an allocation system to prioritize patients based on urgency remains to be established. For critically ill patients who cannot wait for a brain-dead donor LTx, ECMO bridge to living-donor LTx may be the only practical option. A 21-year-old woman with pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was admitted to our hospital with rapidly progressive respiratory failure...
May 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773235/factors-associated-with-renal-function-compensation-after-donor-nephrectomy
#12
Carla Burballa, Marta Crespo, Dolores Redondo-Pachón, María José Pérez-Sáez, Carlos Arias-Cabrales, Marisa Mir, Albert Francés, Lluís Fumadó, Lluís Cecchini, Julio Pascual
INTRODUCTION: Kidney transplant donors lose 50% of their renal mass after nephrectomy. The remaining kidney compensates for this loss and it is estimated that 70% of the baseline renal function prior to donation is recovered. Factors associated with post-donation renal compensation are not well understood. METHODS: Retrospective study of 66 consecutive kidney donors (mean age 48.8 years, 74.2% women). We analysed the potential factors associated with the compensatory mechanisms of the remaining kidney by comparing donors according to their renal compensation rate (RCR) (Group A, infra-compensation [<70%]; Group B, normal compensation [>70%])...
May 14, 2018: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772759/human-babesiosis-caused-by-babesia-duncani-has-widespread-distribution-across-canada
#13
John D Scott, Catherine M Scott
Human babesiosis caused by Babesia duncani is an emerging infectious disease in Canada. This malaria-like illness is brought about by a protozoan parasite infecting red blood cells. Currently, controversy surrounds which tick species are vectors of B. duncani. Since the availability of a serological or molecular test in Canada for B. duncani has been limited, we conducted a seven-year surveillance study (2011⁻2017) to ascertain the occurrence and geographic distribution of B. duncani infection country-wide...
May 17, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772565/safety-of-iohexol-administration-to-measure-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-different-patient-populations-a-25-year-experience
#14
Flavio Gaspari, Surabhi Thakar, Fabiola Carrara, Annalisa Perna, Matias Trillini, Maria Carolina Aparicio, Olimpia Diadei, Silvia Ferrari, Antonio Cannata, Nadia Stucchi, Piero Ruggenenti, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Norberto Perico
BACKGROUND/AIM: In clinical research setting, accurate and precise measurement of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is essential to overcome the limitations of GFR estimation with equations, which are often unreliable. In recent decades, a method for measuring GFR by plasma clearance of iohexol, a non-ionic radiocontrast agent, was developed. To evaluate the safety of the procedure, we aimed to review all immediate adverse reactions that could be related to iohexol administration in our group's 25 years worth of experience...
May 17, 2018: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772352/allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-from-hla-mismatched-donors-for-pediatric-patients-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-treated-according-to-the-2003-bfm-and-2007-international-bfm-studies-impact-of-disease-risk-on-outcomes
#15
Jean-Hugues Dalle, Adriana Balduzzi, Peter Bader, Arjan Lankester, Isaac Yaniv, Jacek Wachowiak, Anna Pieczonka, Marc Bierings, Akif Yesilipek, Petr Sedlacek, Marianne Ifversen, Sabina Sufliarska, Jacek Toporski, Evgenia Glogova, Ulrike Poetschger, Christina Peters
RATIONAL: Allogeneic HSCT is beneficial for pediatric patients with relapsed or (very) high-risk ALL in remission. A total of 1115 consecutive patients were included in the ALL SCT 2003 BFM study and the ALL SCT 2007-International study and were stratified according to relapse risk (Standard vs. High vs. Very High Risk of Relapse) and donor type (Matched Sibling vs. Matched Donor vs. Mismatched Donor). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 148 patients (60% male, median age 8...
May 14, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771506/the-metabolic-chemical-reporter-6-azido-6-deoxy-glucose-further-reveals-the-substrate-promiscuity-of-o-glcnac-transferase-and-catalyzes-the-discovery-of-intracellular-protein-modification-by-o-glucose
#16
Narek Darabedian, Jinxu Gao, Kelly N Chuh, Christina M Woo, Matthew R Pratt
Metabolic chemical reporters of glycosylation in combination with bioorthogonal reactions have been known for two decades and have been used by many different research labs for the identification and visualization of glycoconjugates. More recently, however, they have begun to see utility for the investigation of cellular metabolism and the tolerance of biosynthetic enzymes and glycosyltransferases to dif-ferent sugars. Here, we take this concept one step further by using the metabolic chemical reporter 6-azido-6-deoxy-glucose (6AzGlc)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769201/in-vitro-priming-of-adoptively-transferred-t-cells-with-a-ror%C3%AE-agonist-confers-durable-memory-and-stemness-in-vivo
#17
Xiao Hu, Kinga Majchrzak, Xikui Liu, Megan M Wyatt, Chauncey Spooner, Jacques Moisan, Weiping Zou, Laura L Carter, Chrystal M Paulos
Adoptive T cell transfer therapy is an FDA-approved treatment for leukemia that relies on the ex vivo expansion and re-infusion of a patient's immune cells, which can be engineered with a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) for more efficient tumor recognition. Type 17 T cells, controlled transcriptionally by RORγ, have been reported to mediate potent anti-tumor effects superior to those observed with conventionally expanded T cells. Here we demonstrate that addition of a synthetic, small molecule RORγ agonist during ex vivo expansion potentiates the anti-tumor activity of human Th17 and Tc17 cells redirected with a CAR...
May 16, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769162/increased-pregnancy-losses-following-serial-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer-in-goats
#18
Min Yang, Iuri Perisse, Zhiqiang Fan, Misha Regouski, Mirella Meyer-Ficca, Irina A Polejaeva
Serial cloning by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is a critical tool for the expansion of precious transgenic lines or resetting the lifespan of primary transgenic cells for multiple genetic modifications. We successfully produced second-generation cloned goats using donor neonatal fibroblasts from first-generation clones. However, our attempts to produce any third-generation clones failed. SCNT efficiency decreased progressively with the clonal generations. The rate of pregnancy loss was significantly greater in recloning groups (P<0...
May 17, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769080/a-complex-culturally-targeted-intervention-to-reduce-hispanic-disparities-in-living-kidney-donor-transplantation-an-effectiveness-implementation-hybrid-study-protocol
#19
Elisa J Gordon, Jungwha Lee, Raymond H Kang, Juan Carlos Caicedo, Jane L Holl, Daniela P Ladner, Michelle D Shumate
BACKGROUND: The shortage of organs for kidney transplantation for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is magnified in Hispanics/Latin Americans in the United States. Living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) is the treatment of choice for ESRD. However, compared to their representation on the transplant waitlist, fewer Hispanics receive a LDKT than non-Hispanic whites. Barriers to LDKT for Hispanics include: lack of knowledge, cultural concerns, and language barriers. Few interventions have been designed to reduce LDKT disparities...
May 16, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764373/a-subclinical-high-tricuspid-regurgitation-pressure-gradient-independent-of-the-mean-pulmonary-artery-pressure-is-a-risk-factor-for-the-survival-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#20
Yosuke Saragai, Akinobu Takaki, Yuzo Umeda, Takashi Matsusaki, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Atsushi Oyama, Ryuji Kaku, Kazufumi Nakamura, Ryuichi Yoshida, Daisuke Nobuoka, Takashi Kuise, Kosei Takagi, Takuya Adachi, Nozomu Wada, Yasuto Takeuchi, Kazuko Koike, Fusao Ikeda, Hideki Onishi, Hidenori Shiraha, Shinichiro Nakamura, Hiroshi Morimatsu, Hiroshi Ito, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Takahito Yagi, Hiroyuki Okada
BACKGROUND: Portopulmonary hypertension (POPH) is characterized by pulmonary vasoconstriction, while hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is characterized by vasodilation. Definite POPH is a risk factor for the survival after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), as the congestive pressure affects the grafted liver, while subclinical pulmonary hypertension (PH) has been acknowledged as a non-risk factor for deceased donor OLT. Given that PH measurement requires cardiac catheterization, the tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient (TRPG) measured by echocardiography is used to screen for PH and congestive pressure to the liver...
May 15, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
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