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"lung cancer", "macrophage"

Mingjing Shen, Yongbing Chen, Lijun Xu, Rongying Zhu, Xiang Xue, Ying Tsai, Peter C Keng, Soo Ok Lee, Yuhchyau Chen
In this study, in order to investigate the effects of increased macrophage infiltration to radioresistant lung tumors in regulating natural killer (NK) cell-mediated immunity, we examined whether the treatment of radioresistant cells with conditioned medium (CM) from phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)/interleukin (IL)-4 treated THP-1 cells (used as a tumor-associated macrophage source) leads to the development of the additional resistance of tumor cells to NK cell cytotoxicity. We found that the susceptibility of THP-1 CM-treated radioresistant cells to NK cell cytotoxicity was decreased compared to the non-treated cells...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Wei Yusen, Wang Xia, Yang Shengjun, Zhou Shaohui, Zhang Hongzhen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the expression and significance of tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) and CXCR4 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining was used to analyze the expression of CD68 (TAM surface marker) and CXCR4 in 68 cases of NSCLC and 17 cases of normal lung tissue. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The positive rate of CD68 was 66.2% (45/68) and CXCR4 was 61.8% (42/68) in the lung cancer tissues, while the rates in normal tissues were statistically significantly lower at 27...
March 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Xue-Ni Shi, Shi-Hang Wei, Xu Peng, Yan Liu, Xue-Ling He, Hai-Lin Yin
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of macrophage stimulating protein (MSP) on the cell cycle of non-small cell lung cancer PC14 cells without expression of recepteur d'originenanta (RON) and MSP,and analyse its effect on PC14's epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) capacity. METHODS: Vitro culture PC14 (blank control),PC14-Mst1-pEGFP-N1 (stablely expressed MSP) and PC14-pEGFP-N1. Cell cycles were detected by flow cytometry and the gaps between cells during growth were measured by transmission electron microscope (TEM); RT-PCR and Western blot were used to figure out the shifts of EMT related gene expression in PC14-Mst1-pEGFP-N1 cells...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Cheng-Qian Zhong, Xiu-Ping Zhang, Ning Ma, Er-Bin Zhang, Jing-Jing Li, Ya-Bo Jiang, Yu-Zhen Gao, Yan-Mei Yuan, Shi-Qian Lan, Dong Xie, Shu-Qun Cheng
Adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (FABP4) is abundant in macrophage and adipocyte. It is known to be involved in lipid metabolism. The role of FABP4 has been reported in various cancers, such as non-small cell lung cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and prostatic cancer. However, its role remains unclear in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In our study, we investigated the expression of FABP4 at both mRNA and protein levels, and by examining 175 cases of patients with cancer of the liver tissue microarray, the significance between the expression of FABP4 and clinical characteristics had been discussed...
May 7, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Liang Xie, Wei Chen, Ran Dong, Bin He, Kaishun Zhao, Li Zhang, Min Zhou, Ping He
The present study assessed the association between the variants of macrophage scavenger receptor (MSR)1 and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with or without lung cancer in China. COPD and lung cancer were previously regarded as two separate diseases. However, it has since been reported that there are close associations between COPD and lung cancer. Lung cancer may be an outcome of COPD. COPD may also coexist with lung cancer, and patients with COPD with lung cancer tend to have increased mortality...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
Zhangting Yao, Jieqiong Zhang, Bo Zhang, Guikai Liang, Xi Chen, Fengqi Yao, Xiaqing Xu, Honghai Wu, Qiaojun He, Ling Ding, Bo Yang
Although M2-like tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) have been considered as a vital therapeutic target in cancer therapy due to their role in promoting tumor progression and metastasis, very few compounds have been identified to inhibit M2-like polarization of TAMs. Here, we showed that Imatinib significantly prevented macrophage M2-like polarization induced by IL-13 or IL-4 in vitro, as illustrated by reduced expression of cell surface marker CD206 and M2-like genes, including Arg1, Mgl2, Mrc1, CDH1, and CCL2...
May 3, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Ivana Catacchio, Anna Scattone, Nicola Silvestris, Anita Mangia
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths throughout the world. The majority of patients are diagnosed with locally advanced or metastatic disease when surgery, the best curative option, is no longer feasible. Thus, the prognosis of lung cancer remains poor and heterogeneous and new biomarkers are needed. As the immune system plays a pivotal role in cancer, the study of tumor microenvironment, with regard to the immune component, may provide valuable information for a better comprehension of the pathogenesis and progression of the disease...
May 2, 2018: Translational Oncology
Jun Won Park, Il-Yong Kim, Ji Won Choi, Hee Jung Lim, Jae Hoon Shin, Yo Na Kim, Seo Hyun Lee, Yeri Son, Mira Sohn, Jong Kyu Woo, Joseph H Jeong, Cheolju Lee, Yun Soo Bae, Je Kyung Seong
AHNAK is known to be a tumor suppressor in breast cancer due to its ability to activate the TGFbeta signaling pathway. However, the role of AHNAK in lung tumor development and progression remains unknown. Here, the Ahnak gene was disrupted to determine its effect on lung tumorigenesis and the mechanism by which it triggers lung tumor development was investigated. First, AHNAK protein expression was determined to be decreased in human lung adenocarcinomas compared with matched non-neoplastic lung tissues. Then, Ahnak-/- mice were used to investigate the role of AHNAK in pulmonary tumorigenesis...
May 3, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Neha N Parayath, Avani Parikh, Mansoor M Amiji
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) acquire a pro-tumor (M2) phenotype, which promotes tumor growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis. Certain microRNAs (miRs), such as miR-125b, can reprogram TAMs into an anti-tumor/pro-inflammatory (M1) phenotype. Using CD44 targeting hyaluronic acid-poly(ethyleneimine) (HA-PEI)-based nanoparticles encapsulating miR-125b, we have herein shown macrophage-specific delivery and transfection upon intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration. We have exploited the inherent ability of peritoneal macrophages to migrate towards the inflammation/injury and demonstrated that following intraperitoneal administration of HA-PEI nanoparticles, there is an accumulation of HA-PEI nanoparticles in the macrophage-ablated lung tissues of both naïve and KRAS/p53 double mutant genetically engineered (KP-GEM) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) mouse model...
May 3, 2018: Nano Letters
Dörthe Masemann, Katharina Köther, Meike Kuhlencord, Georg Varga, Johannes Roth, Brian Dennis Lichty, Ulf Rüdiger Rapp, Viktor Wixler, Stephan Ludwig
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most frequent type of lung cancer and demonstrates high resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. These tumors evade immune system detection by promoting an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. Genetic analysis has revealed oncogenic activation of the Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK signaling pathway to be a hallmark of NSCLCs, which promotes influenza A virus (IAV) infection and replication in these cells. Thus, we aimed to unravel the oncolytic properties of IAV infection against NSCLCs in an immunocompetent model in vivo ...
2018: Oncoimmunology
Hong-Tai Tzeng, Ching-Chin Su, Chih-Peng Chang, Wu-Wei Lai, Wu-Chou Su, Yi-Ching Wang
Interplay between cancer epithelial cells and the surrounding immune cells shape the tumor microenvironment to promote cancer progression. Tumor-associated macrophages are well recognized for their roles in cancer progression. Accumulating evidence also indicates implication of Rab small GTPase-mediated exocytosis in tumorigenesis. However, the mechanism for Rab-mediated exocytosis in regulation of macrophage polarization is not clear. We have previously identified Rab37 as a metastasis suppressor in lung cancer...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Dakai Xiao, Shengli Yang, Liyan Huang, Huiming He, Hui Pan, Jianxing He
Background: The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is an evolutionarily conserved complex composed of eight subunits (CSN1-CSN8). Among the CSN subunits, CSN5 and its dimerization partner CSN6 are the only two MPN (Mpr1-Pad1-N-terminal) domain-containing subunits. These two subunits play essential roles in a variety of biological processes, such as cell cycle progression, protein stability and signal transduction. However, their expression patterns and clinical significance in lung cancer are not completely clear...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Luca Cassetta, Takanori Kitamura
Inhibition of immune checkpoint pathways in CD8+ T cell is a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of solid tumors that has shown significant anti-tumor effects and is now approved by the FDA to treat patients with melanoma and lung cancer. However the response to this therapy is limited to a certain fraction of patients and tumor types, for reasons still unknown. To ensure success of this treatment, CD8+ T cells, the main target of the checkpoint inhibitors, should exert full cytotoxicity against tumor cells...
2018: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Linnéa La Fleur, Vanessa F Boura, Andrey Alexeyenko, Anders Berglund, Victor Pontén, Johanna Sm Mattsson, Dijana Djureinovic, Johan Persson, Hans Brunnström, Johan Isaksson, Eva Brandén, Hirsh Koyi, Patrick Micke, Mikael Ci Karlsson, Johan Botling
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are attractive targets for immunotherapy. Recently, studies in animal models showed that treatment with an anti-TAM antibody directed against the scavenger receptor MARCO resulted in suppression of tumor growth and metastatic dissemination. Here we investigated the expression of MARCO in relation to other macrophage markers and immune pathways in a non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cohort (n=352). MARCO, CD68, CD163, MSR1 and programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence, and associations to other immune cells and regulatory pathways were studied in a subset of cases (n=199) with available RNA-seq data...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Ahmed E Hegab, Mari Ozaki, Shizuko Kagawa, Junko Hamamoto, Hiroyuki Yasuda, Katsuhiko Naoki, Kenzo Soejima, Yongjun Yin, Tomonari Kinoshita, Tomonori Yaguchi, Yutaka Kawakami, David M Ornitz, Tomoko Betsuyaku
OBJECTIVES: Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are known to promote tumorigenesis but the mechanism(s) remain elusive. We have developed a mouse model of lung cancer that is initiated through an inducible overexpression of fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9) in type-2 pneumocytes. Expression of FGF9 in adult lungs resulted in a rapid development of multiple adenocarcinoma-like tumor nodules, and is associated with an intense immunological reaction. The purpose of this study is to characterize the immune response to the FGF9-induced lung adenocarcinoma and to determine the contribution of TAMs to growth and survival of these tumors...
May 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Fenghui Zhao, Chengcheng Wang, Qiaolei Yang, Shuhong Han, Qinglian Hu, Zhengwei Fu
AIMS: The interaction of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) with the immune system and the possibility of inflammation induction are of particularly interest. Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) are one of the most popular manufactured nanomaterials. In this study, we focused on the immune-modulatory effect of commercial P-25 TiO2 NPs in vivo and in vitro and their crucial role in cancer metastasis. MAIN METHODS: The female C57BL/6 mice were injected into abdominal cavity with PBS or P-25 TiO2 to investigate the immune-modulatory function of P-25...
April 3, 2018: Life Sciences
Bindu Hegde, Sobha R Bodduluri, Shuchismita R Satpathy, Ruqaih S Alghsham, Venkatakrishna R Jala, Silvia M Uriarte, Dong-Hoon Chung, Matthew B Lawrenz, Bodduluri Haribabu
Silicosis is a lung inflammatory disease caused by chronic exposure to crystalline silica (CS). Leukotriene B4 (LTB4 ) plays an important role in neutrophilic inflammation, which drives silicosis and promotes lung cancer. In this study, we examined the mechanisms involved in CS-induced inflammatory pathways. Phagocytosis of CS particles is essential for the production of LTB4 and IL-1β in mouse macrophages, mast cells, and neutrophils. Phagosomes enclosing CS particles trigger the assembly of lipidosome in the cytoplasm, which is likely the primary source of CS-induced LTB4 production...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Alain Lescoat, Alice Ballerie, Yu Augagneur, Claudie Morzadec, Laurent Vernhet, Olivier Fardel, Patrick Jégo, Stéphane Jouneau, Valérie Lecureur
Macrophages play a central role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory and fibrotic lung diseases. However, alveolar macrophages (AM) are poorly available in humans to perform in vitro studies due to a limited access to broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL). In this study, to identify the best alternative in vitro model for human AM, we compared the phenotype of AM obtained from BAL of patients suffering from three lung diseases (lung cancers, sarcoidosis and Systemic Sclerosis (SSc)-associated interstitial lung disease) to human blood monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) differentiated with M-CSF or GM-CSF...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Phillip Munson, Ying-Wai Lam, Julie Dragon, Maximilian MacPherson, Arti Shukla
Asbestos exposure is a determinate cause of many diseases, such as mesothelioma, fibrosis, and lung cancer, and poses a major human health hazard. At this time, there are no identified biomarkers to demarcate asbestos exposure before the presentation of disease and symptoms, and there is only limited understanding of the underlying biology that governs asbestos-induced disease. In our study, we used exosomes, 30-140 nm extracellular vesicles, to gain insight into these knowledge gaps. As inhaled asbestos is first encountered by lung epithelial cells and macrophages, we hypothesize that asbestos-exposed cells secrete exosomes with signature proteomic cargo that can alter the gene expression of mesothelial cells, contributing to disease outcomes like mesothelioma...
March 19, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Cheng-Ta Yang, Jhy-Ming Li, Wing-Keung Chu, Shu-Er Chow
The overexpression of lumican has been found in lung cancer cells; however, the functional role of lumican in lung cancer cells remains unclear. In this study, we found lumican functioned as a tubulin-binding protein and the depletion of lumican by transfection with its specific shRNA increased lung cancer cell invasion. Such alterations led to morphological changes and actin cytoskeleton remodeling, including the induction of membrane ruffling or protrusion and stress fiber formation, correlated with the increased activities of Rac and Rho...
March 16, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
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