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Capsule endoscopy enteroscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256143/hemolymphangioma-as-a-cause-of-overt-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-case-report
#1
Gerardo Blanco Velasco, Amina Tun Abraham, Oscar Hernández Mondragón, Juan Manuel Blancas Valencia
Is a case report of a patient with overt obscure gastrointestinal bleeding due to a mesenteric hemolymphangioma with infiltration to jejunum. Diagnosed by capsule endoscopy and treated with double-balloon enteroscopy and surgery.
March 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239324/capsule-retention-caused-by-duodenal-metastases-from-primary-appendiceal-adenocarcinoma
#2
Jen-Wei Chou, Ken-Sheng Cheng
Metastatic small bowel cancers are extremely rare in clinical practice. Primary appendiceal adenocarcinoma with gastrointestinal metastasis is seldom reported in the literature. Here, we describe the case of an 80-year-old male patient with primary appendiceal adenocarcinoma, who presented to China Medical University Hospital with mid-gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Capsule endoscopy revealed stenotic bowel lumen, but the capsule was retained in the distal duodenum. Double-balloon enteroscopy demonstrated erosive and erythematous mucosa in the region of capsule retention...
January 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229609/laparoscopic-treatment-of-hemorrhagic-meckel-diverticulum-after-diagnosis-with-wireless-capsule-endoscopy-and-double-balloon-enteroscopy
#3
Haibo Yu, Hongliang Song, Jing Cai
Meckel diverticulum (MD) is a common small intestinal malformation. The difficulty of MD with hemorrhage treatment lies in preoperative diagnosis. Wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) and double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) have been widely used to diagnose and treat diseases of the small intestine, but only rarely have they been used in combination to diagnose and treat bleeding MD. We successfully diagnosed and treated a patient with MD with hemorrhage with a combination of WCE, DBE, and laparoscopy. A 17-year-old man presented to the emergency room with hematochezia and was admitted for testing...
February 23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216967/assessment-of-multi-modality-evaluations-of-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#4
Ryan Law, Jithinraj E Varayil, Louis M WongKeeSong, Jeff Fidler, Joel G Fletcher, John Barlow, Jeffrey Alexander, Elizabeth Rajan, Stephanie Hansel, Brenda Becker, Joseph J Larson, Felicity T Enders, David H Bruining, Nayantara Coelho-Prabhu
AIM: To determine the frequency of bleeding source detection in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) who underwent double balloon enteroscopy (DBE) after pre-procedure imaging [multiphase computed tomography enterography (MPCTE), video capsule endoscopy (VCE), or both] and assess the impact of imaging on DBE diagnostic yield. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study using a prospectively maintained database of all adult patients presenting with OGIB who underwent DBE from September 1(st), 2002 to June 30(th), 2013 at a single tertiary center...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212152/an-update-on-small-bowel-endoscopy
#5
Hey-Long Ching, Mark E McAlindon, Reena Sidhu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The breakthrough success of capsule endoscopy and device-assisted enteroscopy has inspired researchers to test and push the boundary of these technologies. The authors herein summarize the latest and most significant studies with clinical impact. RECENT FINDINGS: Competing capsule endoscopy models have enriched the platform of this wireless device. The role of capsule endoscopy in Crohn's disease is expanding as we learn more of the significance of disease distribution and response to treatment...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196424/pyogenic-granuloma-in-the-jejunum-successfully-removed-by-single-balloon-enteroscopy
#6
Cristina Romero Mascarell, Juan Carlos García Pagán, Isis Karina Araujo, Josep Llach, Begoña González-Suárez
Pyogenic granuloma is a non-infectious and non-granulomatous lesion. Its location in the small bowel is very rare. We present a 46 year-old woman with a chronic liver disorder that had a severe chronic anemia with occult blood losses. Upper endoscopy and colonoscopy were normal. A small bowel capsule endoscopy showed a pyogenic granuloma in jejunum that was resected endoscopically with single balloon enteroscopy with no major complications. The patient recovered from anemia and six months latter capsule endoscopy did not show lesions...
February 15, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105627/-progression-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-primary-malignant-small-bowel-tumor
#7
Zhixun Zhao, Xu Guan, Yinggang Chen, Xishan Wang
Primary malignant small bowel tumor as a rare kind of intestinal tumor is associated with a poor prognosis. The pathological types were various and complicated, such as adenocarcinoma, neuroendocrine tumor, malignant lymphoma, and malignant stromal tumor. The atypical early stage symptom resulted in difficult diagnosis at early stage, high misdiagnosis rate and lack of standard therapy schemes and means. In the past, X-ray, CT, MRI, and PET-CT were the main examination methods for primary small bowel tumor...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908521/neoplastic-diseases-of-the-small-bowel
#8
REVIEW
Emanuele Rondonotti, Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Diana E Yung, Surekha N Reddy, Julius Georgiou, Marco Pennazio
The incidence of small bowel tumors is increasing over time. Until recently, their diagnosis was delayed and it was often reached only at the time of surgery. New diagnostic tools, such as capsule endoscopy, device-assisted enteroscopy, and dedicated small bowel cross-sectional imaging techniques, have been introduced recently in clinical practice. The combination of these tools allows medical practitioners to detect small bowel tumors at an early stage and to reach a definite diagnosis before surgery, thus enabling minimally invasive treatments...
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908519/inflammatory-disorders-of-the-small-bowel
#9
REVIEW
Jonathan A Leighton, Shabana F Pasha
The most common small bowel inflammatory disorders include Crohn disease, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) enteropathy, and celiac disease. Capsule endoscopy, computed tomography enterography, and magnetic resonance enterography have a complementary role in the diagnosis of Crohn disease and evaluation of patients with established Crohn disease. The higher risk of capsule retention with known Crohn disease and NSAID enteropathy can be minimized by cross-sectional imaging or the patency capsule. The main role of deep enteroscopy is tissue diagnosis, endoscopic management of small bowel lesions and strictures, and retrieval of retained capsules...
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908516/small-bowel-bleeding-updated-algorithm-and-outcomes
#10
REVIEW
Lauren B Gerson
Patients previously classified with "obscure gastrointestinal hemorrhage" should now be classified as "suspected small bowel bleeding" according to the 2015 American College of Gastroenterology guidelines. This article provides algorithms for how to manage patients with suspected small bowel bleeding, including utilization of second-look endoscopy and/or colonoscopy, video capsule endoscopy, computed tomographic enterography, magnetic resonance enterography, angiography, and deep enteroscopy.
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908270/the-importance-of-wireless-capsule-endoscopy-for-research-into-the-intestinal-absorption-window-of-5-aminosalicylic-acid-in-experimental-pigs
#11
Jaroslav Kvetina, Ilja Tacheci, Milan Nobilis, Marcela Kopacova, Martin Kunes, Jan Bures
BACKGROUND: Absorption windows in particular segments of the small intestine can contribute to the development of orally administered drug formulations and can limit the bioavailability of released compounds. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate use of wireless capsule enteroscopy regarding the disintegration kinetic process of tablets in the small intestine and its comparison with the levels of the model drug (5-aminosalicylic acid; 5-ASA), and its majority metabolite (N-acetyl-5-aminosalicylic acid; N-acetyl-5-ASA) in blood plasma...
December 1, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829601/whipple-s-disease-diagnosed-using-electron-microscopy-and-polymerase-chain-reaction
#12
REVIEW
Tomohiro Nagasue, Koichi Kurahara, Hiroki Yaita, Takahide Tanaka, Yumi Oshiro, Nobuaki Kuno, Akira Harada, Masashi Kameda, Kazuhide Iwasaki, Yutaka Tsutsumi
A 50-year-old man presented with bloody diarrhea and 25-kg weight loss over 3 months. Upper and lower endoscopy showed diffuse shaggy white villi in the duodenum and terminal ileum. In addition, capsule endoscopy and double-balloon enteroscopy revealed shaggy white villi in the entire small intestine. Histological examination of biopsy specimens found the lamina propria of the duodenal and intestinal mucosa to be densely infiltrated by rich foamy macrophages that were periodic acid-Schiff-positive. Electron microscopy showed numerous bacilli in the lamina propria...
2016: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797847/amyloidosis-an-unusual-cause-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#13
Keith Siau, Amera Elzubeir, Sheldon C Cooper, Tariq Iqbal
We report a rare case of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a 55-year-old man with monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance presenting with abdominal pain, weight loss and melaena. Gastroscopy was unremarkable, but melaena persisted, with the development of symptomatic anaemia. While colonoscopy excluded a lower gastrointestinal aetiology, CT revealed jejunitis, confirmed at capsule endoscopy. Histopathological examination of specimens obtained at single balloon enteroscopy revealed an unusual aetiology: small bowel AL-amyloidosis...
October 26, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785314/safety-of-deep-enteroscopy-and-capsule-endoscopy-in-lvad-patients-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Wilson Tak-Yu Kwong, Michelle Pearlman, Denise Kalmaz
Patients with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) have increased risk of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. They are prone to develop angiodysplasia of the small intestine, and have a higher risk of bleeding as these patients are all required to be on permanent therapeutic anticoagulation. Here we report a case of a critically ill 55-year-old male on pressors and inotropes with an LVAD, who successfully underwent an antegrade double balloon enteroscopy (DBE).
December 2015: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759639/double-balloon-enteroscopy-in-small-bowel-diseases-eight-years-single-center-experience-in-china
#15
Wen-Guo Chen, Guo-Dong Shan, Hong Zhang, Ming Yang, Lin L, Min Yue, Guang-Wu Chen, Qing Gu, Hua-Tuo Zhu, Guo-Qiang Xu, Li-Hua Chen
The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic value of double-balloon entoroscopy (DBE) in small bowel diseases (SBDs) in China.A retrospective review of 674 consecutive patients who underwent DBE between January 2007 and November 2015 was conducted. Patients were divided into 3 groups by age, young group (<45 years), middle-aged group (45-65 years), and elderly group (>65 years). Data were collected with regard to demographics, clinical, endoscopic findings, complications, diagnostic yield, and management...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730779/abdominal-tuberculosis
#16
REVIEW
Pravin Rathi, Pravir Gambhire
Abdomen is involved in 11% of patients with extra-pulmonary tuberculosis; The most common site of involvement is the ileocaecal region, other locations of involvement, in order of descending frequency, are the ascending colon, jejunum, appendix, duodenum, stomach, oesophagus, sigmoid colon, and rectum. Apart from the basic work up, Investigations like CT scan, EUS, Capsule endoscopy, Balloon enteroscopy, Ascitic fluid ADA, TB-PCR, GeneXpert, Laproscopy are being increasingly used to diagnose tuberculosis.Therapy with standard antituberculous drugs is usually highly effective for intestinal TB...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672459/an-atypical-presentation-of-sporadic-jejunal-burkitt-s-lymphoma
#17
Pratik Naik, James Wang, Michael J Brazeau, Domingo Rosario
Burkitt's lymphoma is a very aggressive type of B-cell NHL with replication approaching 100%. Primary gastrointestinal lymphoma is rare. In our case, a 24-year-old male initially presented with symptomatic anemia. He was initially evaluated with colonoscopy and EGD, both of which were unremarkable. A capsule endoscopy was then performed to further evaluate his significant anemia which revealed friable inflamed ulcerated mass in the jejunum. A push enteroscopy was then performed to obtain tissue from the jejunal mass...
2016: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639097/wireless-capsule-enteroscopy-in-healthy-volunteers
#18
Ilja Tachecí, Petr Bradna, Tomáš Douda, Drahomíra Baštecká, Marcela Kopáčová, Stanislav Rejchrt, Martin Lutonský, Tomáš Soukup, Jan Bureš
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our prospective study was to define endoscopy appearance of the small bowel in healthy volunteers. METHOD: Forty-two healthy volunteers underwent wireless capsule endoscopy, clinical investigation, laboratory tests, and completed a health-status questionnaire. All subjects were available for a 36-month clinical follow-up. RESULTS: Eleven subjects (26%) had fully normal endoscopy findings. Remaining 31 persons (74%), being asymptomatic, with normal laboratory results, had some minor findings at wireless capsule endoscopy...
September 8, 2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633591/capsule-endoscopy-and-deep-enteroscopy-in-irritable-bowel-disease
#19
REVIEW
Uri Kopylov, Dan Carter, Abraham Rami Eliakim
In approximately one-third of Crohn's disease patients, the disease is confined to the small bowel, inaccessible to the reach of standard endoscopy. Thorough and complete evaluation of the small bowel is crucial in such patients for the initial diagnosis, prognostication, and disease monitoring. Video capsule endoscopy and device-assisted enteroscopy have revolutionized the ability to visualize the small-bowel mucosa. This article reviews the literature pertaining to the use of capsule endoscopy and deep enteroscopy in established Crohn's disease, including the major indications, applications, and safety issues...
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626641/diagnosis-of-bleeding-meckel-s-diverticulum-in-adults
#20
Sung Noh Hong, Hyun Joo Jang, Byong Duk Ye, Seong Ran Jeon, Jong Pil Im, Jae Myung Cha, Seong-Eun Kim, Soo Jung Park, Eun Ran Kim, Dong Kyung Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Various modalities have been used to diagnose Meckel's diverticulum (MD) in practice, but with their diagnostic accuracy deemed to be unsatisfactory for clinical practice. Moreover, the usefulness of these modalities has not been evaluated for the diagnosis of bleeding MD in adults, due to the relative rarity of this condition. Therefore, the aim of our multicenter study was to determine the most accurate modality for the preoperative diagnosis of bleeding MD in adults...
2016: PloS One
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