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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384146/effect-of-house-officer-clerking-on-short-term-outcomes-in-paediatric-orthopaedic-patients
#1
Yassar Alamri
AIM: Children who are admitted with acute orthopaedic problems are often fit and healthy. The house officer (ie, intern) is required to carry out the formal clerking/admission of inpatients. However, they are often also busy with sick ward patients, which leads to delays in formal clerking of these children until after they have been to the operating theatre (OT). The aim of this study was to assess what information, if any, is missed in children who were seen by a house officer prior to going to OT, compared to those who were not...
April 7, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207842/evaluating-evidence-based-health-care-teaching-and-learning-in-the-undergraduate-human-nutrition-occupational-therapy-physiotherapy-and-speech-language-and-hearing-therapy-programs-at-a-sub-saharan-african-academic-institution
#2
Anel Schoonees, Anke Rohwer, Taryn Young
BACKGROUND: It is important that all undergraduate healthcare students are equipped with evidence-based health care (EBHC) knowledge and skills to encourage evidence-informed decision-making after graduation. We assessed EBHC teaching and learning in undergraduate human nutrition (HN); occupational therapy (OT); physiotherapy (PT); and speech, language and hearing therapy (SPLH) programs at a sub-Saharan African university. METHODS: We used methodological triangulation to obtain a comprehensive understanding of EBHC teaching and learning: (1) through a document review of module guides, we identified learning outcomes related to pre-specified EBHC competencies; we conducted (2) focus group discussions and interviews of lecturers to obtain their perspectives on EBHC and on EBHC teaching and learning; and we (3) invited final year students (2013) and 2012 graduates to complete an online survey on EBHC attitudes, self-perceived EBHC competence, and their experience of EBHC teaching and learning...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156659/novel-tool-utilized-as-a-trigger-for-advance-care-planning-in-hospitalized-oncology-patients
#3
Sandhya Rao, Diane Sarnacki, Alexandra Dobie, Karla Damus, Gretchen Gignac
22 Background: Study Purpose: reduce inpatient oncology readmissions; determine if there is a need to standardize trigger for Advance Care Planning in the inpatient oncology population. METHODS: Investigational Quality Improvement Study January-June 2014. Retrospective chart review of oncology readmissions on the BMC Hematology and Oncology service during a 6 month period, January-June 2013 (N = 68). Data abstracted included: demographics (age, race/ethnicity, primary language, education, marital status, ECOG); type and stage of cancer; type of consults (palliative, spiritual, social services, integrative, PT/OT, hospice, visiting nurse)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857046/women-s-fertility-after-laparoscopic-cystectomy-of-endometrioma-and-other-benign-ovarian-tumors-a-24-month-follow-up-retrospective-study
#4
Marta Kostrzewa, Grzegorz Stachowiak, Monika Zyła, Dorota Kolasa-Zwierzchowska, Artur Szpakowski, Marek Nowak, Jacek R Wilczynski
OBJECTIVES: The golden standard in treatment benign ovarian cysts is laparoscopic cystectomy, but it may also influence women's fertility. The aim of the study was to compare women's fertility after laparoscopic cystectomy of endometrioma versus other benign ovarian tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Out of the 123 patients operated because of benign ovarian tumor (OT), 66 underwent laparoscopic cystectomy of endometrioma (endometrioma group) and 57 underwent laparoscopic cystectomy of other benign ovarian tumor like: functional cyst, hemorrhagic cyst, yellow body cyst or mature teratoma (reference group)...
September 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551420/understanding-factors-that-facilitate-the-inclusion-of-pain-education-in-undergraduate-curricula-perspectives-from-a-uk-survey
#5
Eloise Cj Carr, Emma V Briggs, Michelle Briggs, Nick Allcock, Pauline Black, Derek Jones
BACKGROUND: Studies in Europe, North America and Australasia suggest that one in five adults suffer from pain. There is increasing recognition that pain, particularly chronic pain, represents a global health burden. Many studies, including two national surveys exploring the content of undergraduate curricula for pain education, identify that documented pain education in curricula was limited and fragmentary. METHODS: The study design used a questionnaire which included an open text comment box for respondents to add 'further comments' as part of larger study previously published...
May 2016: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472524/coincidence-and-awareness-of-the-relationship-between-temporomandibular-disorders-and-jaw-injury-orthodontic-treatment-and-third-molar-removal-in-university-students
#6
Cláudia Barbosa, Sandra Gavinha, Tânia Soares, Maria Conceição Manso
AIMS: To determine whether there is an association between temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and a history of facial/jaw injury (FJI), orthodontic treatment (OT), or third molar removal (TMR) in university students, and to evaluate the students' awareness of a possible relationship between jaw pain or other TMD symptoms, FJI, OT, and TMR, and the presence of TMD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 1,381 Oporto District university students. The Portuguese version of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD was used for TMD diagnosis...
December 0: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381235/evolution-in-the-management-of-pediatric-and-adolescent-ovarian-torsion-as-a-result-of-quality-improvement-measures
#7
Nicole Hubner, Jacob Charles Langer, Sari Kives, Lisa Mary Allen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to document the change in ovarian conservation rate after ovarian torsion as a result of continuous quality improvement (CQI) measures, and to determine factors that contribute to this outcome. DESIGN: A retrospective, uncontrolled before-and-after study. SETTING: An academic children's hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Female adolescents younger than 18 years with surgically confirmed ovarian torsion from April 1, 1988 to October 15, 2013; excluding cases from 2003 (intervention period)...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347435/mobility-and-ambulation-for-patients-with-pulmonary-artery-catheters-a-retrospective-descriptive-study
#8
Christina Fields, Alyssa Trotsky, Natalia Fernandez, Beth A Smith
PURPOSE: The purposes of this retrospective study are to: 1) describe the amount and type of documented mobility activity for patients with an indwelling Pulmonary Artery Catheter (PAC) and 2) document the frequency and type of complications that occur with an indwelling PAC during patient participation in these activities. METHODS: This study is a single-center, retrospective, descriptive study including all patients (>18 years) between June 2010 and October 2012 with an indwelling PAC in the Cardiology Intensive Care Unit (CICU)...
August 2015: Journal of Acute Care Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27020799/neuropeptide-diversity-and-the-regulation-of-social-behavior-in-new-world-primates
#9
REVIEW
Jeffrey A French, Jack H Taylor, Aaryn C Mustoe, Jon Cavanaugh
Oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) are important hypothalamic neuropeptides that regulate peripheral physiology, and have emerged as important modulators of brain function, particularly in the social realm. OT structure and the genes that ultimately determine structure are highly conserved among diverse eutherian mammals, but recent discoveries have identified surprising variability in OT and peptide structure in New World monkeys (NWM), with five new OT variants identified to date. This review explores these new findings in light of comparative OT/AVP ligand evolution, documents coevolutionary changes in the oxytocin and vasopressin receptors (OTR and V1aR), and highlights the distribution of neuropeptidergic neurons and receptors in the primate brain...
July 2016: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27005871/overnight-transfusions-in-new-zealand-hospitals-potential-risk-to-patients
#10
Rachel Donegan, Angela Wright, Louise Bobbitt, Richard Charlewood, Hilary Blacklock
AIMS: This audit aimed to assess how frequently overnight transfusions were taking place and compare it to the previous 2004 audit. METHOD: All red cell units transfused between 20:00 and 08:00 hours in low acuity areas over 4 weeks in 2010 in 8 of New Zealand's largest public hospitals were identified prospectively, followed by review of clinical notes and laboratory results by the hospital Transfusion Nurse Specialist (TNS). RESULTS: 535 red cell units were transfused overnight, or 9% of the total units administered over the study period...
March 11, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991328/is-there-a-publication-bias-in-behavioural-intranasal-oxytocin-research-on-humans-opening-the-file-drawer-of-one-laboratory
#11
A Lane, O Luminet, G Nave, M Mikolajczak
The neurohormone oxytocin (OT) has been one the most studied peptides in behavioural sciences over the past two decades. Primarily known for its crucial role in labour and lactation, a rapidly growing literature suggests that intranasal OT (IN-OT) may also play a role in the emotional and social lives of humans. However, the lack of a convincing theoretical framework explaining the effects of IN-OT that would also allow the prediction of which moderators exert their effects and when has raised healthy skepticism regarding the robustness of human behavioural IN-OT research...
April 2016: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559999/making-surgical-care-safer-a-survey-on-the-implementation-of-the-checklist-by-belgian-surgeons
#12
L Michel, L Lemaire, A Rosiere
BACKGROUND: The operating theatre (OT) is a complex environment. The purpose of this survey was to evaluate the implementation of the surgical checklist (SC) at individual level by Belgian Surgeons. METHODS: A Surgical Checklist Questionnaire (SCQ) related to the use of the SC by individual surgeons was attached to the registration website for the 2015 Belgian Surgical Week. It was a one page long, user friendly document, easy to be filled voluntarily and anonymously...
September 2015: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26463223/efficacy-of-treatments-and-pain-management-for-trapeziometacarpal-thumb-base-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Tokiko Hamasaki, Lyne Lalonde, Patrick Harris, Nathalie J Bureau, Nathaly Gaudreault, Daniela Ziegler, Manon Choinière
INTRODUCTION: The thumb is essential for daily activities. Unfortunately, this digit is commonly affected by trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis (TMO), handicapping a large number of individuals. TMO constitutes an increasing human and economic burden for our society whose population is ageing. Limited access to adequate treatment is among the most important obstacles to optimal TMO management. Poor understanding of TMO characteristics, lack of knowledge about evidence-based treatments, simplistic pain management plans based solely on the patient's physical condition, absence of interprofessional communication and lack of multidisciplinary treatment guidelines contribute to inadequate TMO management...
2015: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26361117/mouth-sticks-their-past-present-and-future
#14
I K Toor nee Bachoo, S Tabiat-Pour, S B Critchlow
Patients with physical disabilities precluding functional use of their limbs can benefit enormously from the expertise of the dental profession. The dental clinician is able to not only meet the routine oral health needs of these patients, but possesses the unique skills and knowledge to provide specialised oral prosthetic appliances which can facilitate a range of independent activities. Mouth sticks, as they are commonly known, are dental prostheses that are held intra-orally by the patient and manipulated to perform numerous actions such as drawing, writing and painting...
September 11, 2015: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26312651/on-the-road-again-after-traumatic-brain-injury-driver-safety-and-behaviour-following-on-road-assessment-and-rehabilitation
#15
Pamela Ross, Jennie L Ponsford, Marilyn Di Stefano, Judith Charlton, Gershon Spitz
PURPOSE: To examine pre- and post-injury self-reported driver behaviour and safety in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who returned to driving after occupational therapy driver assessment and on-road rehabilitation. METHOD: A self-report questionnaire, administered at an average of 4.5 years after completing an on-road driver assessment, documenting pre- and post-injury crash rates, near-crashes, frequency of driving, distances driven, driving conditions avoided and navigation skills, was completed by 106 participants, who had either passed the initial driver assessment (pass group n = 74), or required driver rehabilitation, prior to subsequent assessments (rehabilitation group n = 32)...
2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26226210/variation-in-rehabilitation-treatment-patterns-for-hip-fracture-treated-with-arthroplasty
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Hilary C Siebens, Phoebe Sharkey, Harriet U Aronow, Daniel Deutscher, Pamela Roberts, Michael C Munin, Craig S Radnay, Susan D Horn
BACKGROUND: Recommendations for health care redesign often advocate for comparative effectiveness research that is patient-centered. For patients who require rehabilitation services, a first step in this research process is to understand current practices for specific patient groups. OBJECTIVE: To document in detail the physical and occupational therapy treatment activities for inpatient hip fracture rehabilitation among 3 patient subgroups distinguished by their early rate of functional recovery between time of surgery to rehabilitation admission...
March 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26175532/falls-in-older-adults-with-cancer-evaluation-by-oncology-providers
#17
Emily J Guerard, Allison M Deal, Grant R Williams, Trevor A Jolly, Kirsten A Nyrop, Hyman B Muss
PURPOSE: Falls in older adults are common. Screening for falls is quick, simple, and important because falls increase the risk of morbidity and mortality in older patients with cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate oncology providers' recognition of and response to falls in older patients with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From a sample of older patients with cancer who completed a geriatric assessment blinded to oncology providers, we identified patients who self-reported falls within the past 6 months...
November 2015: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26163882/impact-of-the-northern-studies-stream-and-rehabilitation-studies-programs-on-recruitment-and-retention-to-rural-and-remote-practice-2002-2010
#18
Christopher S Winn, Brock A Chisholm, Jackie A Hummelbrunner, Joyce Tryssenaar, Liane S Kandler
INTRODUCTION: A shortage of rehabilitation practitioners in rural and/or remote (rural/remote) practice areas has a negative impact on healthcare delivery. In Northern Ontario, Canada, a shortage of rehabilitation professionals (audiology, occupational therapy, physiotherapy, speech-language pathology) has been well documented. In response to this shortage, the Northern Studies Stream (NSS) and Rehabilitation Studies (RS) programs were developed with the mandate to increase the recruitment and retention of rehabilitation professionals to Northern Ontario...
April 2015: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26153363/empowered-to-play-a-case-study-describing-the-impact-of-powered-mobility-on-the-exploratory-play-of-disabled-children
#19
Amshuda Sonday, Pam Gretschel
Exploratory play is one of the most vital ways in which children learn about their environment and develop. It is well documented that limited mobility restricts a child's ability to engage in their environment through exploratory play. In this study, a qualitative, collective case study design explored the impact of powered mobility on the exploratory play of two children with physical disabilities. Data were collected from the children, their parents and their siblings through participant observation and in-depth, informal interviews...
March 2016: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26122691/interrater-reliability-of-the-record-of-driving-errors-rode
#20
Peggy P Barco, David B Carr, Kathleen Rutkoski, Chengjie Xiong, Catherine M Roe
The Record of Driving Errors (RODE) is a novel standardized tool designed to quantitatively document the specific types of driving errors that occur during a standardized performance-based road test. The purpose of this study was to determine interrater reliability between two occupational therapy driver rehabilitation specialists who quantitatively scored specific driving errors using the RODE in a sample of older adults diagnosed with dementia (n=24). Intraclass correlation coefficients of major driving error and intervention categories indicated almost perfect agreement between raters...
March 2015: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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