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nocturnal enuresis

Clara Sampaio, Ariane Sampaio Sousa, Luis Gustavo A Fraga, Maria Luiza Veiga, José Murillo Bastos Netto, Ubirajara Barroso
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between constipation and lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) and nocturnal enuresis in a population-based study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. The criteria for inclusion were children and adolescents of between 5 and 17 years and who agreed to sign the informed consent form. The study excluded students with neurological problems or who had documented abnormalities of the urinary tract. To identify the presence and severity of LUTD, we used the Voiding Dysfunction Symptom Score (DVSS)...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Felix Blasl, Wolfgang H Rösch, Mark Koen, Mircia-Aurel Ardelean, Anne-Karoline Ebert
OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION: Cowper's syringocele is a cystic dilation of the bulbourethral gland duct, initially defined by Maizels et al. in 1983. Although obstructive and non-obstructive types of this rare anomaly are described, clinical symptoms are highly unspecific. Therefore, we report 12 cases of children and young adults diagnosed with Cowper's syringocele to further clarify clinical course, comorbidity and treatment strategies. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively collected clinical data of 12 children and young adults from birth to 18...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Jehan Alsharnoubi, Adly A Sabbour, Ahmed I Shoukry, Amany M Abdelazeem
Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is intermittent involuntary voiding during sleep in a child aged 5 years or more. The study was conducted to compare the effect of using laser acupuncture and medication for the treatment of children with nocturnal enuresis (NE) and evaluation of urodynamic parameter after treatment. A randomized study included 45 children ranged from 5 to 15 years presenting with NE. They were randomized into three equal groups-group A, managed with desmopressin acetate; group B, managed with laser acupuncture; and group C, managed with a combination of laser acupuncture and desmopressin-all groups received behavioral therapy...
October 15, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Mohammad Charehsaz, Rengin Reis, Sinem Helvacioglu, Hande Sipahi, Etil Guzelmeric, Ebru Turkoz Acar, Gamze Cicek, Erdem Yesilada, Ahmet Aydin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Styrax liquidus is a resinous exudate (balsam) obtained from the wounded trunk of the Liquidambar orientalis Mill. (Hamamelidaceae). Styrax has been used for treatment of various ailments in Turkish folk medicine such as skin problems, peptic ulcers, nocturnal enuresis, parasitic infections, antiseptic or as expectorant. AIM OF STUDY: In spite of frequent use of styrax in Turkish folk medicine as well as once as a stabilizer in perfumery industry, negative reports have been noticed by the international authority for restriction its use based on some limited evidences from an in vitro study...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Jeng-Dau Tsai, I-Chung Wang, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Ji-Nan Sheu, Tsai-Chung Li, Henry J Tsai, Chang-Ching Wei
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and nocturnal enuresis are common disorders with extensive psychosocial suffering in affected children, and healthcare burden on parents. Whether the childhood psychological disorders and nocturnal enuresis are factors contributing to ADHD have not been clearly established. This study conducted a population-based case-control study using data sets from the National Health Research Insurance database, and identified 14 900 children diagnosed with ADHD. Risk factors that have been associated with or possibly related to ADHD development were included in this study...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
Ersan Arda, Basri Cakiroglu, David T Thomas
CONTEXT: Nocturnal enuresis or bedwetting is the most common type of urinary incontinence in children. It has significant psychological effects on both the child and the family. Enuresis nocturna is defined as the inability to hold urine during the night in children who have completed toilet training. It is termed as being "primary" if no continence has ever been achieved or "secondary if it follows at least 6 months of dry nights. The aim of this review was to assemble the pathophysiological background and general information about nocturnal enuresis...
July 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
Justine Niemczyk, Alexander von Gontard, Monika Equit, David Medoff, Catharina Wagner, Leopold Curfs
AIMS: To assess the rates of incontinence and associated psychological problems in children, adolescents and adults with Down Syndrome, a genetic syndrome caused by partial or complete triplication (trisomy) of chromosome 21 and characterized by typical facial features, a physical growth delay and mild or moderate intellectual disability. METHODS: Three hundred and seventeen persons with Down Syndrome (4-51 years) were recruited through a German parent support group (59...
October 4, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Paweł Kroll, Jacek Zachwieja
BACKGROUND: This paper presents our findings related to the treatment of children with nocturnal enuresis using our own rehabilitation system. The basic three elements of the therapeutic process include: 1st stage: assessment of the way in which a child urinates; 2nd stage: treatment of bladder dysfunctions; 3rd stage: learning to wake up in order to urinate. METHODS: Medical records of 198 children were used in the study. Group 1: children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis...
September 29, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Onur Durmaz, Serkan Kemer, Tuba Mutluer, Elif Bütün
INTRODUCTION: The etiology of primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) is not fully understood, but multifactorial factors have been associated with PNE. Parental factors, including attitudes to PNE, disciplinary behaviors, and psychiatric comorbidities in parents have been related to etiology of PNE, outcomes and the quality of life in children with enuresis. OBJECTIVE: We examined the psychopathology in mothers of children diagnosed with monosymptomatic PNE(MoPNE) compared with mothers of non-enuretic children (MoNEC) in terms of personality characteristics, early traumatic experiences, and psychiatric symptom evaluation...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Ozcan Kilic, Murat Akand, Murat Gul, Pinar Karabagli, Serdar Goktas
INTRODUCTION: Eosinophilic cystitis (EC) is a rare and poorly understood inflammatory condition, characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of all layers of the bladder wall, which mimics bladder tumors. EC may present with symptoms such as increased urination frequency, dysuria, gross/microscopic hematuria, suprapubic pain and urinary retention. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 17-year-old male patient, who was continent night and day in his childhood, and was admitted to our clinic for complaints of hematuria and nocturnal enuresis for the past six months...
June 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Dennis B Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Ghassan Idris, Barbara Galland, Christopher J Robertson, Mauro Farella
BACKGROUND: Sleep-Disordered Breathing (SDB) varies from habitual snoring to partial or complete obstruction of the upper airway and can be found in up to 10% of children. SDB can significantly affect children's wellbeing, as it can cause growth disorders, educational and behavioral problems, and even life-threatening conditions, such as cardiorespiratory failure. Adenotonsillectomy represents the primary treatment for pediatric SDB where adeno-tonsillar hypertrophy is indicated. For those with craniofacial anomalies, or for whom adenotonsillectomy or other treatment modalities have failed, or surgery is contra-indicated, mandibular advancement splints (MAS) may represent a viable treatment option...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Sanjay Tewari, David C Rees, Anke Hannemann, Oluwabukola T Gbotosho, Halima W M Al Balushi, John S Gibson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: Haematologica
Luis H Braga, Mandy Rickard, Forough Farrokhyar, Kizanee Jegatheeswaran, Natasha Brownrigg, Christine Li, Rahul Bansal, Jorge DeMaria, Armando J Lorenzo
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated if an animated bladder training video (BTV) was as effective as standard individual urotherapy (SU) in improving BBD symptoms. METHODS: Patients aged 5-10 years who scored >11 on the BBD Vancouver questionnaire were included in a non-inferiority randomized controlled trial. Children with vesicoureteral reflux, neuropathic bladder, learning disabilities, recent urotherapy and primary nocturnal enuresis were excluded. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either SU or BTV in clinic using centralized blocked randomization schemes...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Urology
Justine Niemczyk, Alexander von Gontard, Monika Equit, Katharina Bauer, Teresa Naumann, C Wagner, Leopold Curfs
UNLABELLED: Fragile-X-syndrome (FXS) is caused by a mutation on the X chromosome (Xq27.3). Males with a full mutation have typical dysmorphic signs, moderate intellectual disability and psychological disorders. Twenty-five to fifty percent are affected by incontinence. The aim of the study was to assess subtypes of incontinence and psychological problems in children with FXS in their home environments. Twenty-two boys with FXS (mean age 11.0 years) and 22 healthy controls (mean age 11...
October 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Ariane Sampaio Sousa, Maria Luisa Veiga, Ana Aparecida N Braga, Maria Clara Carvalho, Ubirajara Barroso
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate clinical aspects associated with the presence of nocturnal enuresis (NE) in children with a diagnosis of overactive bladder (OAB). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A data base of 200 children who were evaluated by a structured questionnaire was analysed retrospectively . OAB was defined as the presence of urinary urgency (n=183 cases) and/or daytime urinary incontinence associated with holding maneuvers (n=168 cases). Inclusion criteria were a confirmed diagnosis of OAB, age 5-16 years, and no anatomical or neurological alterations of the urinary tract...
July 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
María Fernández-Ibieta
In Dysfunctional Voiding (DV), the patient contracts the external urethral sphincter or pelvic diaphragm (consisting of striated muscle) during voiding, contrary to normal physiological mechanism. In Flowmetry plus pelvic Electromyography (EMG), the perineal surface electrodes will show a persistent activity during voiding. The cause is believed to be the persistence of an immature bladder control. The overall prevalence of DV is estimated between 7 and 11% of girls of school age. Symptoms of DV comprises a range of symptoms, deriving from outlet obstruction, incomplete voiding and elevated Post Micturition Residual (PMR): from daytime urine leaks, nocturnal enuresis, Urinary Tract Infections (UTI), or Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), to the final decompensation of upper urinary tract in extreme cases...
August 16, 2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
Mehmet Akyüz, Orhan Koca, Bilal Karaman, Zeynep Yeşim Özcan, Metin İshak Öztürk, Musab Ali Kutluhan, Muhammet İhsan Karaman
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the behavioral and emotional patterns of patients with nocturnal enuresis (NE) and compare them with those of healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight children and adolescents with monosymptomatic NE who were admitted to our hospital's pediatric and urologic outpatient clinics and 46 age-matched, healthy subjects were enrolled in this study. To compare behavioral patterns in these patients, the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) was used...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Yoshiyuki Ohtomo
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that incontinence and ADHD co-exist and interact each other. However, the treatment for the patients with nocturnal enuresis (NE) and ADHD has not been established. METHODS: At the first visits to the outpatient clinic, we routinely performed the careful physical examination and history taking in 265 new patients with NE. After having been excluded the possibility of comorbid ADHD and related disorders, patients with MNE (monosymptomatic NE) were treated with desmopressin and/or alarm and those with NMNE (non-monosymptomatic NE) were treated with anti-cholinergics and/or alarm...
August 8, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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