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nocturnal enuresis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279978/desmopressin-for-nocturia-in-adults
#1
(no author information available yet)
Desmopressin has been used for many years in the treatment of diabetes insipidus, nocturnal enuresis (involuntary urination while asleep) and nocturia associated with multiple sclerosis (in adults aged up to 65 years); it has also been recommended in certain circumstances for the treatment of nocturia in men and women (previously, an unlicensed use).(1,2) Recently, a new brand of desmopressin sublingual tablet (lyophilisate-an orally disintegrating tablet; Noqdirna-Ferring) has been licensed for use in adults of any age for the treatment of nocturia due to idiopathic nocturnal polyuria...
March 2017: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260347/adhd-and-enuresis-a-study-about-effectiveness-of-treatment-with-methylphenidate-or-desmopressin-in-a-pediatric-population
#2
Pietro Ferrara, Valeria Sannicandro, Francesca Ianniello, Enrica Quattrocchi, Annamaria Sbordone, Tommasangelo Petitti, Paolo Mariotti
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effectiveness of treatment with methylphenidate or desmopressin (dDAVP) in patients with comorbid ADHD and enuresis. METHODS: We enrolled 103 patients affected by ADHD and 125 patients with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (NE). Data were collected between January 2014 and December 2015. The study was carried out in compliance with the Helsinki Declaration. RESULTS: About children with ADHD, 9/103 (8,7%) were also suffering from NE; of those 8/9 followed treatment with methylphenidate and cognitive behavioral therapy...
March 3, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247065/the-changes-of-urethral-morphology-recognized-in-voiding-cystourethrography-after-endoscopic-transurethral-incision-for-posterior-urethral-valve-in-boys-with-intractable-daytime-urinary-incontinence-and-nocturnal-enuresis
#3
Taiju Hyuga, Shigeru Nakamura, Shina Kawai, Taro Kubo, Rieko Furukawa, Toshinori Aihara, Makiko Mieno, Hideo Nakai
PURPOSE: Endoscopic transurethral incision (TUI) of posterior urethral valve (PUV) can improve daytime urinary incontinence (DUI) and nocturnal enuresis (NE). However, the underlying mechanism has not been elucidated. In this study, we retrospectively examined the mobility of the urethra before and after TUI by measuring the urethral angle with voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), to clarify the effects of TUI on the morphology of the urethra during voiding. METHODS: Between July 2010 and December 2014, 29 boys with intractable DUI and/or NE were diagnosed as PUV and underwent endoscopic TUI...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208214/pathogenesis-of-enuresis-towards-a-new-understanding
#4
REVIEW
Tryggve Nevéus
Enuresis was historically viewed as a primarily psychiatric disorder, but this understanding has changed dramatically since the end of the last century, when it became clear that somatic factors, such as nocturnal polyuria as a result of vasopressin deficiency, nocturnal detrusor overactivity and high arousal thresholds, all play a crucial role in enuresis pathogenesis. It has also become clear that enuresis is inherited in the majority of cases, although the correlation between genotype and enuretic phenotype is not straightforward...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199734/nocturnal-enuresis-impaired-children-s-quality-of-life-and-friendships
#5
I Jönson Ring, T Nevéus, A Markström, K Arnrup, F Bazargani
AIM: There have not been any continence-specific measurement tools in Swedish that have allowed clinicians to investigate the quality of life (QoL) in children with bladder dysfunction. This study evaluated the QoL in Swedish children with nocturnal enuresis and tested the reliability of a Swedish translation of the Paediatric Incontinence Questionnaire (PinQ). METHODS: This prospective study comprised 46 children aged 6-18 years with nocturnal enuresis, who completed the PinQ after it was translated into Swedish...
February 15, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197893/gender-differences-in-clinical-and-polysomnographic-features-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-clinical-study-of-2827-patients
#6
Ozen K Basoglu, Mehmet Sezai Tasbakan
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is underdiagnosed in females due to different clinical presentation. We aimed to determine the effect of gender on clinical and polysomnographic features and identify predictors of OSA in women. METHODS: Differences in demographic, clinical, and polysomnographic parameters between 2052 male and 775 female OSA patients were compared. RESULTS: In female OSA patients, age (56.1 ± 9.7 vs. 50.4 ± 11...
February 14, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195439/noninvasive-imaging-of-brain-oxygen-metabolism-in-children-with-primary-nocturnal-enuresis-during-natural-sleep
#7
Bing Yu, Mingzhu Huang, Xu Zhang, Hongwei Ma, Miao Peng, Qiyong Guo
A series of studies have revealed that nocturnal enuresis is closely related to hypoxia in children with primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE). However, brain oxygen metabolism of PNE children has not been investigated before. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in whole-brain cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2 ), cerebral blood flow (CBF), and oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) in children suffering from PNE. We used the newly developed T2-relaxation-under-spin-tagging (TRUST) magnetic resonance imaging technique...
February 14, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190701/parental-perception-and-factors-associated-with-treatment-strategies-for-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#8
Thomson T Tai, Brent T Tai, Yu-Jun Chang, Kuo-Hsuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the factors influencing parents seeking reasonable managements for their child and their overall outlook toward primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE). STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 93 children with PNE from enuresis clinics and requested their parents to complete questionnaires regarding their child's medical history and behavior, their methods for coping with PNE, and their perception of enuresis. Logistic regression models were applied to investigate factors influencing the parents to adopt a positive approach toward enuresis and to subsequently seek a medical consultation...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165541/obstructive-sleep-disordered-breathing-enuresis-and-combined-disorders-in-children-chance-or-related-association
#9
Marco Zaffanello, Giorgio Piacentini, Giuseppe Lippi, Vassilios Fanos, Emma Gasperi, Luana Nosetti
Nocturnal enuresis is usually diagnosed and treated by a primary paediatrician or family practitioner; if there is any doubt, the children may be referred to a paediatric urologist. Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing is a complex, multifactorial disorder. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy is considered an important factor associated with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. Enuresis and obstructive sleep-disordered breathing are both frequent problems of sleep in childhood. We conducted an electronic search in Medline, Scopus and the ISI Web of Science to look for published material and identify a putative link between nocturnal enuresis and obstructive sleep-disordered breathing...
February 6, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147434/editorial-comment-to-primary-nocturnal-enuresis-is-associated-with-lower-intelligence-quotient-scores-in-boys-from-poorer-socioeconomic-status-families
#10
Kazuyoshi Johnin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139104/-animated-biofeedback-for-the-dysfunctional-voiding-syndrome
#11
M Fernández Ibieta, M J Guirao Piñera, G Zambudio Carmona, J Rojas Ticona, I Martínez Castaño, V Villamil, A Sánchez Sánchez, A García López, P Reyes Ríos, J I Ruiz Jiménez
OBJECTIVES: To analyze clinical and electromyographic treatment outcome of dysfunctional voiding (DV) with animated Biofeedback (Bfb). Clinical or electromyographic variables associated with higher success rate were checked. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of patients with DV, that in 2010- 2015 followed animated Bfb program. Efficacy was measured with Uroflowmetry, Electromyography (EMG) and validated clinical questionnaire. Inclusion criteria: no myelodysplasia, no anatomical malformations and a minumin of 3 Bfb sessions...
April 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122391/primary-nocturnal-enuresis-is-associated-with-lower-intelligence-quotient-scores-in-boys-from-poorer-socioeconomic-status-families
#12
Abbas Basiri, Seyed Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Alireza Khoshdel, Niloofar Jalaly, Shabnam Golshan, Hamid Pakmanesh
OBJECTIVES: To explore intelligence quotient in boys with primary nocturnal enuresis compared with normal boys considering their socioeconomic status. METHODS: A total of 152 school-aged boys (including 55 boys with primary nocturnal enuresis and 97 matched normal controls) were assessed. Boys with a history of any neurological or urological disease were excluded. Two different districts of Tehran: Khani-Abad (a poor district) and Pirouzi (a middle class district) districts were enrolled according to socioeconomic status data reported by the World Health Organization...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116741/comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-with-nocturnal-enuresis
#13
Shahrokh Amiri, Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani, Roghayeh Naghinezhad, Sara Farhang, Salman Abdi
PURPOSE: The present study was conducted with the aim of identifying the frequency of comorbid psychiatricdisorders in children and adolescents with nocturnal enuresis (NE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive-analytical study, 183 children and adolescents aged 5-18 years withNE referred to psychiatric clinics at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were selected in 2015. A structuredclinical diagnostic interview, the kiddie-schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia (K-SADS), was employedbased on the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV-TR) for the diagnosis of NEand comorbid psychiatric disorders...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094084/incontinence-and-psychological-symptoms-in-individuals-with-mowat-wilson-syndrome
#14
Justine Niemczyk, Stewart Einfeld, David Mowat, Monika Equit, Catharina Wagner, Leopold Curfs, Alexander von Gontard
BACKGROUND: Mowat-Wilson Syndrome (MWS) is caused by deletion/mutation of the ZEB2 gene on chromosome 2q22. MWS is characterized by a distinctive facial appearance, severe intellectual disability and other anomalies, e.g. seizures and/or Hirschsprung disease (HSCR). Most individuals have a sociable demeanor, but one third show psychological problems. AIMS: The aim was to investigate incontinence and psychological problems in MWS. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 26 children (4-12 years), 13 teens (13-17 years) and 8 adults (>18years) were recruited through a MWS support group...
March 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091440/nocturnal-enuresis-in-school-aged-children-with-sickle-cell-anemia-any-relationship-with-hyposthenuria
#15
C I Eneh, A N Ikefuna, H U Okafor, S N Uwaezuoke
BACKGROUND: Reports show that children with sickle-cell anemia (SCA) have a tendency for nocturnal enuresis when compared with their counterparts with normal hemoglobin. Although nocturnal enuresis in SCA has been attributed to several factors including tubular and even bladder dysfunction, its relationship with hyposthenuria has been questioned in some studies. AIM: The study aims to determine the relationship of hyposthenuria with nocturnal enuresis seen in school-aged children with SCA...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089888/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-short-term-treatment-and-repeat-treatment-of-nocturnal-enuresis-using-an-enuresis-alarm
#16
Taiju Hyuga, Shigeru Nakamura, Shina Kawai, Hideo Nakai
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 3-month enuresis alarm (EA) treatment and repeat EA treatment among pediatric patients with nocturnal enuresis (NE), and to compare patient characteristics among 'responders' and 'non-responders' to treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical outcomes were retrospectively evaluated for 137 children (94 boys and 43 girls, mean age, 10.1 years). Effectiveness was evaluated after an initial 3-month treatment, using the International Children's Continence Society criteria...
January 12, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054405/basic-or-extended-urine-sampling-to-analyse-urine-production
#17
Marie-Astrid Denys, Vansh Kapila, Jeffrey Weiss, An-Sofie Goessaert, Karel Everaert
BACKGROUND: Frequency volume charts are valuable tools to objectify urine production in patients with nocturia, enuresis or nocturnal incontinence. Analyses of daytime and nighttime urine (=basic collection) or analyses of urine samples collected every 3 h (=extended collection) extend this evaluation by describing circadian patterns of water and solute diuresis (=renal function profiles). AIM: To assess intra-individual correlation and agreement between renal function profiles provided using basic and extended urine collections, and using two extended urine collections...
January 5, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043109/a-possible-pathogenic-linkage-among-headache-migraine-and-nocturnal-enuresis-in-children
#18
Pietro Ferrara, Livia Dell'Aquila, Giacomo Perrone, Giulia Spina, Francesco Miconi, Valentina Rapaccini, Ester Del Vescovo, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro, Alberto Verrotti
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of headaches and migraine in children with nocturnal enuresis (NE) and to improve knowledge on these conditions. In particular, for this purpose, a possible pathogenic relationship linking both conditions and the impact of headaches and migraine on NE persistence was evaluated. METHODS: Researchers enrolled 123 children with NE, aged between 5 and 15 years, referred to the Service of Pediatrics, Campus Bio-Medico University Hospital of Rome between January 2014 and January 2015...
December 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006831/-desmopressin-in-the-treatment-of-enuresis-is-lyophilisate-superior-to-tablets
#19
S Schulz-Jürgensen, B Feldmann, P Eggert
Background: Prognosis of MNE is good when adequate treatment starts in a timely manner. First-line treatment for monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) includes desmopressin (Grade A/Level 1 recommendation from the ICI). Missing or insufficient response to pharmacological treatment can be caused by incomplete compliance, but might also be associated with differences in bioavailability from the tablet form. This prospective, non-interventional study was designed to compare desmopressin tablets to the newer ,,melt'' formulation, also known as lyophilisate or orally disintegrating tablet (ODT)...
December 2016: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000035/incontinence-in-persons-with-angelman-syndrome
#20
C Wagner, J Niemczyk, M Equit, L Curfs, A von Gontard
Angelman syndrome (AS) is a congenital syndrome with a prevalence of 1:15,000. Individuals with AS often have severe intellectual disability, typical dysmorphic signs, and behavioral problems. The aim of the study was to investigate the rate of incontinence and associated psychological problems in children and adults with AS. Ninety children (4-18 years) and 54 adults (18-31 years) with AS were recruited through a parent support group (55.6% male, mean age 15.1 years). The Parental Questionnaire: Enuresis/Urinary Incontinence, the Incontinence Questionnaire-Pediatric Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (ICIQ-CLUTS), as well as the Developmental Behaviour Checklist for parents (DBC-P) or for adults (DBC-A) were filled out by parents or caregivers...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
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