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nocturnal enuresis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054405/basic-or-extended-urine-sampling-to-analyse-urine-production
#1
Marie-Astrid Denys, Vansh Kapila, Jeffrey Weiss, An-Sofie Goessaert, Karel Everaert
BACKGROUND: Frequency volume charts are valuable tools to objectify urine production in patients with nocturia, enuresis or nocturnal incontinence. Analyses of daytime and nighttime urine (=basic collection) or analyses of urine samples collected every 3 h (=extended collection) extend this evaluation by describing circadian patterns of water and solute diuresis (=renal function profiles). AIM: To assess intra-individual correlation and agreement between renal function profiles provided using basic and extended urine collections, and using two extended urine collections...
January 5, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043109/a-possible-pathogenic-linkage-among-headache-migraine-and-nocturnal-enuresis-in-children
#2
Pietro Ferrara, Livia Dell'Aquila, Giacomo Perrone, Giulia Spina, Francesco Miconi, Valentina Rapaccini, Ester Del Vescovo, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro, Alberto Verrotti
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of headaches and migraine in children with nocturnal enuresis (NE) and to improve knowledge on these conditions. In particular, for this purpose, a possible pathogenic relationship linking both conditions and the impact of headaches and migraine on NE persistence was evaluated. METHODS: Researchers enrolled 123 children with NE, aged between 5 and 15 years, referred to the Service of Pediatrics, Campus Bio-Medico University Hospital of Rome between January 2014 and January 2015...
December 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006831/-desmopressin-in-the-treatment-of-enuresis-is-lyophilisate-superior-to-tablets
#3
S Schulz-Jürgensen, B Feldmann, P Eggert
Background: Prognosis of MNE is good when adequate treatment starts in a timely manner. First-line treatment for monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) includes desmopressin (Grade A/Level 1 recommendation from the ICI). Missing or insufficient response to pharmacological treatment can be caused by incomplete compliance, but might also be associated with differences in bioavailability from the tablet form. This prospective, non-interventional study was designed to compare desmopressin tablets to the newer ,,melt'' formulation, also known as lyophilisate or orally disintegrating tablet (ODT)...
December 2016: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000035/incontinence-in-persons-with-angelman-syndrome
#4
C Wagner, J Niemczyk, M Equit, L Curfs, A von Gontard
: Angelman syndrome (AS) is a congenital syndrome with a prevalence of 1:15,000. Individuals with AS often have severe intellectual disability, typical dysmorphic signs, and behavioral problems. The aim of the study was to investigate the rate of incontinence and associated psychological problems in children and adults with AS. Ninety children (4-18 years) and 54 adults (18-31 years) with AS were recruited through a parent support group (55.6% male, mean age 15.1 years). The Parental Questionnaire: Enuresis/Urinary Incontinence, the Incontinence Questionnaire-Pediatric Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (ICIQ-CLUTS), as well as the Developmental Behaviour Checklist for parents (DBC-P) or for adults (DBC-A) were filled out by parents or caregivers...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988804/monosymptomatic-nocturnal-enuresis-in-pediatric-patients-multidisciplinary-assessment-and-effects-of-therapeutic-intervention
#5
Simone N Fagundes, Adrienne Surri Lebl, Leticia Azevedo Soster, Guilherme Jorge Sousa E Silva, Edwiges Ferreira de Mattos Silvares, Vera H Koch
BACKGROUND: Few studies manage patients with isolated monosymptomatic enuresis (MNE) with multidisciplinary evaluation and pre- and long-term post-intervention monitoring. METHODS: This was a prospective study of MNE patients, aged 6-16 years, diagnosed by multidisciplinary assessment. Of the 140 initial applicants (58.6%) with MNE, 82 were included in the study and randomized for therapeutic intervention in three treatment groups, namely: alarm, desmopressin and alarm + desmopressin...
December 17, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942474/ultrasonographic-clues-for-diagnosis-of-spina-bifida-occulta-in-children
#6
Emin Cakmakci, Hasibe Gokce Cinar, Cigdem Uner, Berna Ucan, Ayse Secil Eksioglu, Melek Pala, Yasemin Tasci Yildiz, Selma Cakmakci, Hulya Seker Yikmaz
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to find out if spinal ultrasonography might have a predictive potential for detection of spina bifida occulta (SBO) in pediatric nocturnal enuresis patients. METHODS: A total of 108 children (58 females, 50 males) with a mean age of 8 (range, 6-15) years diagnosed for nocturnal enuresis in our tertiary care center were included in this cross-sectional analysis. Half of the cases (n=54, 50%) were found to have SBO, while the other half did not have SBO...
October 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939179/importance-of-neuropsychiatric-evaluation-in-children-with-primary-monosymptomatic-enuresis
#7
Mariangela Gulisano, Carla Domini, Mara Capelli, Alessandra Pellico, Renata Rizzo
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is an involuntary voiding during sleep. It is a very common disorder in school-age children. Comorbid psychopathologies are common in patients affected by enuresis. According to the ICCS, the rate of behavioral and emotional disorders in children with enuresis is doubled compared with healthy control (HC) children. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of neuropsychiatric comorbidities in children affected by NE...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915476/translational-research-for-pediatric-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#8
REVIEW
Akihiro Kanematsu
This review provides a comprehensive view of translational research aimed at elucidating the pathophysiology of pediatric lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD). A web search was conducted according to combinations of keywords, and the significance of each article was defined by the author. The dramatic evolution of the mass analysis method of genomes, transcripts, and proteins has enabled a comprehensive analysis of molecular events underlying diseases, and these methodologies have also been applied to pediatric LUTD...
November 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911597/evidence-based-psychosocial-treatments-for-pediatric-elimination-disorders
#9
Jaclyn A Shepard, Joseph E Poler, Jesse H Grabman
Pediatric elimination disorders are common in childhood, yet psychosocial correlates are generally unclear. Given the physiological concomitants of both enuresis and encopresis, and the fact that many children with elimination disorders are initially brought to their primary care physician for treatment, medical evaluation and management are crucial and may serve as the first-line treatment approach. Scientific investigation on psychological and behavioral interventions has progressed over the past couple of decades, resulting in the identification of effective treatments for enuresis and encopresis...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893286/cessation-of-nocturnal-enuresis-with-aripiprazole
#10
Saliha Kılınç, Arzu Hergüner, Sabri Hergüner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887910/assessment-of-serum-level-of-corticotropin-releasing-factor-in-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#11
Ayat A Motawie, Amany M Abd Al-Aziz, Hanan M Hamed, Amany A A Fatouh, Mona A M Awad, Amany Abd El-Ghany
INTRODUCTION: Primary nocturnal enuresis is one of the sleep related phenomena characterized by disruption in the relationship between arousal and urination. Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is a neurohormone released from the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus into the median eminence to elicit release of adrenocorticotrophin from the anterior pituitary. It may act to modulate autonomic function and behavior in concert with the endocrine effects. Conflicting animal studies about the role of CRF in micturition, either facilitating or inhibiting, have been raised...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885458/-enuresis-and-pediatric-urinary-incontinence-diagnostics-and-therapy
#12
D Schultz-Lampel, M Goepel, A Reitz, P Braun
Differentiated non-invasive diagnostic procedures allow a discrimination between nocturnal enuresis and behavior-linked urinary incontinence in children with daytime symptoms, which are different entities of a pathological pediatric micturition syndrome. The article describes the diagnostic procedure as well as the therapeutic approach to all forms of micturition disorders in childhood. All behavioral, medical and biofeedback therapeutic methods according to the recently published S2k guidelines from the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (AWMF) on enuresis and non-organic (functional) incontinence in children and adolescents are mentioned and discussed...
December 2016: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881919/posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-in-yazidi-refugees
#13
Serhat Nasıroğlu, Veysi Çeri
AIM: The aim of this investigation was to determine the frequency of mental pathologies in children and adolescents of the Yazidi minority group who immigrated to Turkey from Iraq. The refugees were asked about preventive and risk factors that occurred before and after their immigration. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 55 children and adolescents (30 males and 25 females) who were Yazidi refugees and had settled in the Uçkuyular, Oğuz, Onbaşı, and Uğurca villages of Batman, Turkey...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876406/adenotonsillectomy-can-decrease-enuresis-and-sympathetic-nervous-activity-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#14
Hao Ding, Mengmei Wang, Ke Hu, Jing Kang, Si Tang, Wen Lu, Lifang Xu
BACKGROUND: The nocturnal intermittent hypoxia caused by obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) can provoke the sympathetic nervous activity (SNA). Salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) is a sensitive, non-invasive biomarker for reflecting the SNA, and a useful marker for pediatric OSAS subjects. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) is the most commonly identified risk factor in OSAS childhood, therefore, several studies showed that the adenotonsillectomy (T&A) may alleviate nocturnal enuresis (NE) in children with OSAS...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876405/lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-williams-beuren-syndrome
#15
Z M Sammour, J de Bessa, M Hisano, H Bruschini, C A Kim, M Srougi, C M Gomes
INTRODUCTION: Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a genetic condition caused by a microscopic deletion in the chromosome band 7q11.23. Individuals with WBS may present with congenital cardiovascular defects, neurodevelopmental disturbances and structural abnormalities of the urinary tract. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) seem to be frequent in this population, but studies on this topic are scarce and based on small case series. OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and the acquisition of bladder control in a large population with WBS...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865065/how-do-we-recognize-the-child-with-osas
#16
Koen F Joosten, Helena Larramona, Silvia Miano, Dick Van Waardenburg, Athanasios G Kaditis, Nele Vandenbussche, Refika Ersu
Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing includes a spectrum of clinical entities with variable severity ranging from primary snoring to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The clinical suspicion for OSAS is most often raised by parental report of specific symptoms and/or abnormalities identified by the physical examination which predispose to upper airway obstruction (e.g., adenotonsillar hypertrophy, obesity, craniofacial abnormalities, neuromuscular disorders). Symptoms and signs of OSAS are classified into those directly related to the intermittent pharyngeal airway obstruction (e...
November 16, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857786/incidence-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-children-with-nonmonosymptomatic-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#17
Parsa Yousefichaijan, Ali Khosrobeigi, Bahman Salehi, Hassan Taherahmadi, Fakhreddin Shariatmadari, Yazdan Ghandi, Saeed Alinejad, Fateme Farhadiruzbahani
INTRODUCTION: Enuresis is defined as the repeated voiding of urine into clothes or bed at least twice a week for at least 3 consecutive months in a child who is at least 5 years of age. The behavior is not due exclusively to the direct physiologic effect of a substance or a general medical condition. Diurnal enuresis defines wetting, whereas awake and nocturnal enuresis refers to voiding during sleep. Primary enuresis occurs in children who have never been consistently dry through the night, whereas secondary enuresis refers the resumption of wetting after at least 6 months of dryness...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832897/a-7-year-old-boy-with-sudden-onset-of-loud-snoring
#18
Lourdes M DelRosso
A 7-year-old boy was referred for evaluation of loud nightly snoring. Snoring started suddenly 2 weeks prior to presentation and grew progressively worse. Currently, the parents witnessed breathing pauses and gasping at night. The parents moved the child to a recliner to be able to breathe better, but the snoring and apneas persisted. There was no sleepwalking, night terrors, or nocturnal enuresis. During the day, the boy did not endorse symptoms of excessive sleepiness. The review of systems was negative for fever, weight loss, night sweats, sore throat, dysphagia, nasal congestion, ear pain, chest pain, shortness of breath, stridor, and abdominal pain...
November 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825586/factors-associated-with-remission-of-primary-nocturnal-enuresis-and-changes-of-parental-perception-towards-management-strategies-a-follow-up-study
#19
Brent T Tai, Thomson T Tai, Yu-Jun Chang, Kuo-Hsuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: To understand the remission rates, shifts in treatment methods used by parents, and parents' attitudes towards their children with primary nocturnal enuresis (NE). STUDY DESIGN: A total of 408 children aged 6-12 years and diagnosed with primary nocturnal enuresis from a 2004 epidemiological study in Taiwan were enrolled. After a 5.5-year follow-up period, the remission rates of the children of each age group were evaluated, and the corresponding treatment methods were employed daily...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822271/the-relationship-between-child-anxiety-related-disorders-and-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#20
Bahman Salehi, Parsa Yousefichaijan, Mohammad Rafeei, Mahssa Mostajeran
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal enuresis, often called bedwetting or sleep wetting, is a common problem in children after the age of five and may lead to symptoms such as infection, incontinence and frequent urination. This problem refers to a state in which children after the age of five have no control of their urine for six continuous months and it cannot be attributed to any organic factors or drug use. OBJECTIVES: In this study we aimed to study generalized anxiety disorder as one of the possible causes of primary nocturnal enuresis...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
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