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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25517126/a-pilot-test-of-the-cm-gaf-among-offenders-with-mental-disorders
#1
Deborah Shelton, Sara Wakai
A pilot test of clinician-rated validity of scores on a Correction Modified-Global Assessment of Functioning (CM-GAF) scale was performed by assessing a random sample of 60 adult male and female offenders at two correctional facilities. Pairs of trained clinicians assessed the offenders with the CM-GAF and GAF instruments. Regression analyses were conducted. Variables included in the analysis were demographic characteristics (age, gender, and race), criminal history (number of incarcerations, violent/non-violent offense, year of current incarceration), number of disciplinary reports (tickets), and Connecticut Department of Corrections (CDOC) risk scores...
January 2015: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25347077/alcohol-effects-on-simulated-driving-performance-and-self-perceptions-of-impairment-in-dui-offenders
#2
Nicholas Van Dyke, Mark T Fillmore
Drivers with a history of driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol self-report heightened impulsivity and display reckless driving behaviors as indicated by increased rates of vehicle crashes, moving violations, and traffic tickets. Such poor behavioral self-regulation could also increase sensitivity to the disruptive effects of alcohol on driving performance. The present study examined the degree to which DUI drivers display an increased sensitivity to the acute impairing effects of alcohol on simulated driving performance and overestimate their driving fitness following alcohol consumption...
December 2014: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24555927/understanding-the-characteristics-of-patient-presentations-of-young-people-at-outdoor-music-festivals
#3
Alison Hutton, Jamie Ranse, Naomi Verdonk, Shahid Ullah, Paul Arbon
Outdoor music festivals are unique events given that they are, for the most part, bounded and ticketed, and alcohol is served. They frequently have a higher incidence of patient presentations when compared with similar types of mass gatherings. Often, however, single events are reported in the literature, making it difficult to generalize the findings across multiple events and limiting the understanding of the "typical" patient presentations at these mass gatherings. The aim of this paper was to understand the characteristics of young people who have presented as patients to on-site health care at outdoor music festivals in Australia, and the relative proportion and type of injury and illness presentations at these events...
April 2014: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24446647/ticket-to-a-learning-opportunity
#4
Jane Padmore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2014: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24411508/early-interventions-to-prevent-disability-for-workers-with-mental-health-conditions-impacts-from-the-dmie
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gilbert Gimm, Denise Hoffman, Henry T Ireys
BACKGROUND: As of 2011, over 9 million working-age adults were receiving federal disability benefits and this number is expected to rise steadily. Early intervention programs that seek to maintain employment and forestall the receipt of federal disability benefits offer a promising strategy to reduce the growing number of working-age adults on the disability rolls. OBJECTIVES: Using random assignment, this study examined whether an early intervention program of personal navigators, enhanced medical care, and employment supports can reduce dependence on federal disability benefits for adult workers with mental health conditions...
January 2014: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24223902/predictors-of-response-rates-to-a-long-term-follow-up-mail-out-survey
#6
Natasha A Koloski, Michael Jones, Guy Eslick, Nicholas J Talley
OBJECTIVE: Very little is known about predictors of response rates to long-term follow-up mail-out surveys, including whether the timing of an incentive affects response rates. We aimed to determine whether the timing of the incentive affects response rates and what baseline demographic and psychological factors predict response rates to a 12 year follow-up survey. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Participants were 450 randomly selected people from the Penrith population, Australia who had previously participated in a mail-out survey 12 years earlier...
2013: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24128073/back-to-the-future-past-and-future-era-based-schematic-support-and-associative-memory-for-prices-in-younger-and-older-adults
#7
Alan D Castel, Shannon McGillivray, Kendell M Worden
Older adults typically display various associative memory deficits, but these deficits can be reduced when conditions allow for the use of prior knowledge or schematic support. To determine how era-specific schematic support and future simulation might influence associative memory, we examined how younger and older adults remember prices from the past as well as the future. Younger and older adults were asked to imagine the past or future, and then studied items and prices from approximately 40 years ago (market value prices from the 1970s) or 40 years in the future...
December 2013: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23934867/driving-simulator-performance-of-veterans-from-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-wars
#8
Melissa M Amick, Melissa Kraft, Regina McGlinchey
Driving simulator performance was examined in Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) Veterans to objectively evaluate driving abilities among this cohort who self-report poorer driving safety postdeployment. OIF/OEF Veterans (n = 25) and age- and education-matched civilian controls (n = 25) participated in a 30 min driving simulator assessment that measured the frequency of minor, moderate, and severe driving errors. Frequency of errors in specific content domains (speed regulation, positioning, and signaling) was also calculated...
2013: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23866255/discriminant-profile-of-young-adulthood-driving-behavior-among-brazilian-drivers
#9
Renata Maria Dotta-Panichi, Adriana Wagner, Jorge Castell√° Sarriera
The aim of this article was to describe the driving behavior profile of drivers aged 18 to 25 years old. Four hundred young adults were interviewed, 320 (80%) of them male and 80 (20%) female. Cluster analysis identified a group characterized by sensation-seeking behavior (Cluster 1), a group that did not show any risky driving behavior (Cluster 2), and a group engaged in transgressive behavior and driving under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs (Cluster 3). Discriminant analysis classified successfully and correctly 81...
2013: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23647158/identifying-indicators-of-harmful-and-problem-gambling-in-a-canadian-sample-through-receiver-operating-characteristic-analysis
#10
Lena C Quilty, Daniela Avila Murati, R Michael Bagby
Many gamblers would prefer to reduce gambling on their own rather than to adopt an abstinence approach within the context of a gambling treatment program. Yet responsible gambling guidelines lack quantifiable markers to guide gamblers in wagering safely. To address these issues, the current investigation implemented receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis to identify behavioral indicators of harmful and problem gambling. Gambling involvement was assessed in 503 participants (275 psychiatric outpatients and 228 community gamblers) with the Canadian Problem Gambling Index...
March 2014: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21732109/relationship-between-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-and-driving-ability-in-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#11
Sarah Cheng, Helaina Klein, Dirk-Uwe Bartsch, Igor Kozak, Thomas D Marcotte, William R Freeman
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to study the possible association between retinal nerve fiber layer (NFL) thickness and driving ability. METHODS: Thirty-eight drivers including 22 HIV-positive (HIV+) and 16 age-matched HIV-negative controls participants underwent a full ophthalmologic evaluation, including assessment of retinal NFL thickness. In the undilated state with standard optical correction and under standard illumination they also completed a computer-based, wide field-of-view driving simulation in which they were to obey traffic laws, engage in crash avoidance, and pass slower automobiles...
November 2011: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21365440/dimensions-of-problem-gambling-behavior-associated-with-purchasing-sports-lottery
#12
Hai Li, Luke Lunhua Mao, James J Zhang, Yin Wu, Anmin Li, Jing Chen
The purpose of this study was to identify and examine the dimensions of problem gambling behaviors associated with purchasing sports lottery in China. This was accomplished through the development and validation of the Scale of Assessing Problem Gambling (SAPG). The SAPG was initially developed through a comprehensive qualitative research process. Research participants (N = 4,982) were Chinese residents who had purchased sports lottery tickets, who responded to a survey packet, representing a response rate of 91...
March 2012: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21159694/smoking-cessation-intervention-using-stepwise-exercise-incentives-for-male-workers-in-the-workplace
#13
Gyu-Seok Hwang, Hye-Sun Jung, Yunjeong Yi, Chungsik Yoon, Jae-Wook Choi
The authors developed a stepwise exercise-incentive-based smoking cessation program as one of the workplace health promotion program. The aim of this study is to evaluate the program offered in an electronics company in Korea. A total of 109 electronics company employees were recruited. Participants were surveyed for smoking history, nicotine dependence, and job stress. They received smoking cessation education and were provided with a stepwise fitness center ticket. Of 109 participants, 58 (53.2%) successfully ceased smoking for 3 months...
January 2012: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20691197/the-role-of-ventral-medial-prefrontal-cortex-in-social-decisions-converging-evidence-from-fmri-and-frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration
#14
Murray Grossman, Paul J Eslinger, Vanessa Troiani, Chivon Anderson, Brian Avants, James C Gee, Corey McMillan, Lauren Massimo, Alea Khan, Shweta Antani
The ventral medial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) has been implicated in social and affectively influenced decision-making. Disease in this region may have clinical consequences for social judgments in patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). To test this hypothesis, regional cortical activation was monitored with fMRI while healthy adults judged the acceptability of brief social scenarios such as cutting into a movie ticket line or going through a red light at 2 AM. The scenarios described: (i) a socially neutral condition, (ii) a variant of each scenario containing a negatively valenced feature, and (iii) a variant containing a positively valenced feature...
October 2010: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20554025/tickets-to-the-brain-role-of-ccr2-and-cx3cr1-in-myeloid-cell-entry-in-the-cns
#15
REVIEW
Marco Prinz, Josef Priller
Myeloid cells are mediators of central nervous system (CNS) damage and recovery in neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative disorders. Besides endogenous myelomonocytic cell populations that reside in the brain already during development, newly migrated leukocytes are considered as important disease modulators in the adult brain. Thus, understanding of myeloid cell recruitment is pivotal for manipulating immune cell entry into the CNS and potentially reducing disease burden. Before myeloid cells engraft in the brain, they first tether to and roll on the activated brain endothelium, then they firmly adhere and eventually transmigrate into the damaged brain where they execute effector functions and differentiate into cells with microglia-like features...
July 27, 2010: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20538435/mental-disorders-and-delivery-motorcycle-drivers-motoboys-a-dangerous-association
#16
R R Kieling, C M Szobot, B Matte, R S Coelho, C Kieling, F Pechansky, L A Rohde
OBJECTIVE: Low and middle-income countries experience an expressive growth in the number of circulating motorcycles, paralleled by an increasing number of traffic accidents. Delivery motorcycles drivers ("motoboys") are generally perceived as accountable for this scenario. Although traffic accidents have a multivariate etiology, mental disorders, such as substance use disorders (SUD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are often involved. This paper aims at investigating the prevalence of ADHD, SUD and other mental disorders in a sample of Brazilian motoboys, and additionally, to evaluate the association between psychiatric diagnoses, motorcycle accidents and traffic violation tickets...
January 2011: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20118996/mitochondria-get-a-parkin-ticket
#17
Philipp Wild, Ivan Dikic
Recent studies have revealed a prominent role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the development of one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders, Parkinson's disease. The ubiquitin ligase Parkin and the protein kinase PINK1, whose mutations are associated with Parkinson's disease, function in a pathway that links ubiquitylation with selective autophagy of damaged mitochondria.
February 2010: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19632673/lucky-numbers-spatial-neglect-affects-physical-but-not-representational-choices-in-a-lotto-task
#18
Tobias Loetscher, Michael E R Nicholls, John N Towse, John L Bradshaw, Peter Brugger
Spatial neglect can be characterized by a "magnetic attraction" towards the right side of a visual stimulus array and a selection of stimuli from that hemispace. This study examined whether these distinctive characteristics in visuo-motor space are also evident in representational number space. Given that numbers are thought to be represented along a left-to-right oriented mental number line, an affinity for the spontaneous selection of larger numbers was anticipated for neglect patients. Contrary to this expectation, neglect patients (n=20) picked a similar range of numbers compared to controls (n=17) when generating a number between 1000 and 10,000 and when playing an imaginary lottery game...
May 2010: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19247820/instant-ticket-purchasing-by-ontario-baby-boomers-increasing-risk-for-problem-gamblers
#19
Katharine M Papoff, Joan E Norris
Instant ticket purchase gambling (ITPG) is pervasive in Ontario and has features that mimic slot machine play. Previous researchers have reported that ITPG is one preferred activity for at-risk/problem gamblers. In the general Canadian population, rate of participation in ITPG is second only to lottery ticket gambling. Both are particularly favored by youth and seniors. The next cohort of seniors will be Canada's baby boomers, one-third of whom live in Ontario. Secondary analysis of Statistics Canada data revealed that adults in this cohort who buy instant gambling tickets (N = 1781) are significantly different from the complete group of their age peers (N = 4266) in number of activities pursued and frequency of involvement...
June 2009: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19105857/is-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-valid-diagnosis-in-the-presence-of-high-iq
#20
K M Antshel, S V Faraone, K Maglione, A Doyle, R Fried, L Seidman, J Biederman
BACKGROUND: Because the diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in higher education settings is rapidly becoming a contentious issue, particularly among patients with high IQs, we sought to assess the validity of diagnosing ADHD in high-IQ adults and to further characterize the clinical features associated with their ADHD. METHOD: We operationalized high IQ as having a full-scale IQ120. We identified 53 adults with a high IQ who did not have ADHD and 64 adults with a high IQ who met diagnostic criteria for ADHD...
August 2009: Psychological Medicine
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