keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

attachment disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447081/plasma-treatment-effect-on-polymer-buried-interfacial-structure-and-property
#1
Nathan W Ulrich, John Andre, Jaimal Williamson, Kang-Wook Lee, Zhan Chen
Adhesion is important in many industrial applications including those in the microelectronics industry. Flip-chip assemblies commonly utilize epoxy underfills to promote reliability and the buried interfacial structure of underfills is crucial to device lifetime. Poor adhesion at this interface can cause premature device failure. One method to increase adhesion strength is to plasma treat the substrate attached to underfills, however, the mechanism of this increase in adhesion strength has not been thoroughly investigated at the molecular level in situ, because it is difficult to probe a buried interface where the adhesion occurs...
April 27, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441619/the-influence-of-attention-biases-and-adult-attachment-style-on-treatment-outcome-for-adults-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#2
Yulisha Byrow, Lorna Peters
BACKGROUND: Attention biases figure prominently in CBT models of social anxiety and are thought to maintain symptoms of social anxiety disorder (SAD). Studies have shown that individual differences in pre-treatment attention biases predict cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) outcome. However, these findings have been inconsistent as to whether vigilance towards threat predicts better or poorer treatment outcome. Adult attachment style is an individual characteristic that may influence the relationship between attention bias and SAD...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436689/the-mentalization-scale-ments-a-self-report-measure-for-the-assessment-of-mentalizing-capacity
#3
Aleksandar Dimitrijević, Nataša Hanak, Ana Altaras Dimitrijević, Zorana Jolić Marjanović
The psychometric properties of a new 28-item self-report measure of mentalization, the Mentalization Scale (MentS), were examined in 2 studies: with a sample of employed adults and university students (N1 = 288 + 278) and with a sample of persons with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and matched controls (N2 = 62 + 62). Besides the MentS, both studies employed measures of attachment and the Big Five; Study 1 also included assessments of empathy and emotional intelligence. MentS whole-scale internal consistency was good in the community and acceptable in the clinical sample (α = ...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436017/attachment-styles-and-clinical-correlates-in-people-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#4
Debra A Russo, Jan Stochl, Joanne Hodgekins, Maria Iglesias-González, Penelope Chipps, Michelle Painter, Peter B Jones, Jesus Perez
Evidence suggests that attachment styles may influence subclinical psychosis phenotypes (schizotypy) and affective disorders and may play a part in the association between psychosis and childhood adversity. However, the role of attachment in the initial stages of psychosis remains poorly understood. Our main aim was to describe and compare attachment styles in 60 individuals at ultra high risk for psychosis (UHR) and a matched sample of 60 healthy volunteers (HV). The HV had lower anxious and avoidant attachment scores than the UHR individuals (p < ...
April 24, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429674/targeting-the-role-of-lipoprotein-a-in-stroke
#5
Mahdi Garelnabi, Zahra Mazhar, Andrew Hughes
Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States, behind only heart disease and cancer, with over 140,000 associated deaths per year. Considerable research is ongoing to examine the role of modifiable risk factors which may cause or contribute to a stroke occurring. Although age and family history are generally considered to be major risk factors, there are several modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors that are linked to the pathogenesis of a stroke. Lipoprotein (a), or Lp(a), is a type of low-density lipoprotein containing an integral apoB100 component with an attached ApoA1 isoform via a disulfide linkage...
April 21, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425095/psychomotor-tremor-and-proprioceptive-control-problems-in-current-and-former-stimulant-drug-users-an-accelerometer-study-of-heavy-users-of-amphetamine-mdma-and-other-recreational-stimulants
#6
Luke A Downey, Brenda Tysse, Talitha C Ford, Angela C Samuels, Rory P Wilson, Andrew C Parrott
The recreational use of various stimulant drugs has been implicated in the development of movement disorders through dysregulation of the dopaminergic and serotoninergic neurotransmitter systems. The present study investigated psychomotor differences in current and former recreational stimulant drug users compared with nonusing controls. Sixty participants comprised 3 groups: 20 current stimulant drug users (CSUs; 11 men, aged 31.4 ± 9.1 years), 20 former stimulant drug users (FSUs; 5 men, aged 39.1 ± 8.5 years), and 20 nonuser controls (NUCs; 5 men, aged 35...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420317/the-role-of-coherence-of-mind-and-reflective-functioning-in-understanding-binge-eating-disorder-and-co-morbid-overweight
#7
Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A Tasca, Renee Grenon, Megan Faye, Kerri Ritchie, Hany Bissada, Louise Balfour
Coherence of mind and reflective functioning may impact negative affect and interpersonal functioning over and above the effects of symptoms of depression and interpersonal problems that contribute to symptoms of binge-eating disorder (BED) and overweight/obesity. Matched samples of overweight women with BED and overweight and normal weight women without BED completed the Adult Attachment Interview, a measure of depressive symptoms, and a measure of interpersonal problems. Greater symptoms of depression distinguished women with BED from the matched comparison samples...
April 18, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418216/adult-attachment-insecurity-is-positively-associated-with-medically-unexplained-chronic-pain
#8
L A McWilliams
BACKGROUND: Attachment insecurity (i.e. anxiety in relationships and/or discomfort in close relationships) is associated with self-reports of physical symptoms, medically unexplained symptoms and health conditions involving pain. Medically unexplained chronic pain (MUCP) may represent a particularly severe form of symptom reporting that is also characteristic of individuals with insecure attachment. This study investigated relationships between adult attachment style ratings and past-year MUCP in a sample of the general U...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416809/perisomatic-changes-in-h-channels-regulate-depressive-behaviors-following-chronic-unpredictable-stress
#9
C S Kim, D H Brager, D Johnston
Chronic stress can be a precipitating factor in the onset of depression. Lentiviral-mediated knockdown of HCN1 protein expression and reduction of functional Ih produce antidepressant behavior. However, whether h-channels are altered in an animal model of depression is not known. We found that perisomatic HCN1 protein expression and Ih-sensitive physiological measurements were significantly increased in dorsal but not in ventral CA1 region/neurons following chronic unpredictable stress (CUS), a widely accepted model for major depressive disorder...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413687/what-we-have-changed-our-minds-about-part-1-borderline-personality-disorder-as-a-limitation-of-resilience
#10
REVIEW
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten, Elizabeth Allison, Chloe Campbell
This paper sets out a recent transition in our thinking in relation to psychopathology associated with personality disorder, in an approach that integrates our thinking about attachment, mentalizing (understanding ourselves and others in terms of intentional mental states) and epistemic trust (openness to the reception of social communication that is personally relevant and of generalizable significance) with recent findings on the structure of both adult and child psychopathology and resilience. In this paper - the first of two parts - we review evidence suggesting that a general psychopathology or p factor underlies vulnerability for psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412517/challenges-around-access-to-and-cost-of-life-saving-medications-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-for-medicare-patients
#11
Stephanie Farnia, Alex Ganetsky, Alicia Silver, Theresa Hwee, Jaime Preussler, Joan Griffin, Nandita Khera
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is an expensive, medically complicated and potentially life-threatening therapy for multiple hematologic and non-hematologic disorders with a prolonged trajectory of recovery. Similar to financial issues in other cancer treatments, adverse financial consequences of HCT are emerging as an important issue, and may be associated with poor quality of life (QOL) and increased distress in HCT survivors. Prescription medicine coverage for HCT for Medicare and some Medicaid beneficiaries, especially in the long-term remains suboptimal due to inadequate payer formularies or prohibitive co-pays...
April 12, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411577/perceived-parental-child-rearing-and-attachment-as-predictors-of-anxiety-and-depressive-disorder-symptoms-in-children-the-mediational-role-of-attachment
#12
Paloma Chorot, Rosa M Valiente, Ana M Magaz, Miguel A Santed, Bonifacio Sandin
The present study aimed to examine (a) the relative contribution of perceived parental child-rearing behaviors and attachment on anxiety and depressive symptoms, and (b) the role of attachment as a possible mediator of the association between parental rearing and anxiety and depression. A sample of 1002 children (aged 9-12 years) completed a booklet of self-report questionnaires measuring parental rearing behaviors, attachment towards peers, and DSM anxiety and depressive disorder symptoms. We found that parental aversiveness, parental neglect, and fearful/preoccupied attachment, each accounted for a significant amount of the variance in both anxiety and depressive symptoms...
April 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409730/chronic-multisite-brain-recordings-from-a-totally-implantable-bidirectional-neural-interface-experience-in-5-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Nicole C Swann, Coralie de Hemptinne, Svjetlana Miocinovic, Salman Qasim, Jill L Ostrem, Nicholas B Galifianakis, Marta San Luciano, Sarah S Wang, Nathan Ziman, Robin Taylor, Philip A Starr
OBJECTIVE Dysfunction of distributed neural networks underlies many brain disorders. The development of neuromodulation therapies depends on a better understanding of these networks. Invasive human brain recordings have a favorable temporal and spatial resolution for the analysis of network phenomena but have generally been limited to acute intraoperative recording or short-term recording through temporarily externalized leads. Here, the authors describe their initial experience with an investigational, first-generation, totally implantable, bidirectional neural interface that allows both continuous therapeutic stimulation and recording of field potentials at multiple sites in a neural network...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408961/the-usefulness-of-diagnostic-imaging-for-the-assessment-of-pain-symptoms-in-temporomandibular-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Shigeaki Suenaga, Kunihiro Nagayama, Taisuke Nagasawa, Hiroko Indo, Hideyuki J Majima
The causes of pain symptoms in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and masticatory muscle (MM) regions may not be determined by clinical examination alone. In this review, we document that pain symptoms of the TMJ and MM regions in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are associated with computed tomography and magnetic resonance (MR) findings of internal derangement, joint effusion, osteoarthritis, and bone marrow edema. However, it is emphasized that these imaging findings must not be regarded as the unique and dominant factors in defining TMJ pain...
November 2016: Japanese Dental Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405338/what-we-have-changed-our-minds-about-part-2-borderline-personality-disorder-epistemic-trust-and-the-developmental-significance-of-social-communication
#15
REVIEW
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten, Elizabeth Allison, Chloe Campbell
In Part 1 of this paper, we discussed emerging evidence suggesting that a general psychopathology or 'p' factor underlying the various forms of psychopathology should be conceptualized in terms of the absence of resilience, that is, the absence of positive reappraisal mechanisms when faced with adversity. These impairments in the capacity for positive reappraisal seem to provide a comprehensive explanation for the association between the p factor and comorbidity, future caseness, and the 'hard-to-reach' character of many patients with severe personality pathology, most notably borderline personality disorder (BPD)...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402069/anorexia-nervosa-theory-and-treatment-where-are-we-35%C3%A2-years-on-from-hilde-bruch-s-foundation-lecture
#16
REVIEW
Janet Treasure, Valentina Cardi
Hilde Bruch's foundation lecture in 1982 is a milestone from which to survey current theory and treatment for anorexia nervosa. Bruch described problems in body perception, emotion processing and interpersonal relationships as core theoretical aspects of the illness and built her theory of psychopathology on these aspects, as well as on animal studies on attachment. She also noted that many psychological problems result as consequence of starvation. In the first part of this paper, we parse Bruch's clinical descriptions into elements of psychopathology (disturbances in body perception, attachment, emotion expression, perception and regulation, social comparison, interpersonal, and family and therapeutic relationships), in order to assemble and update the theoretical evidence for a model of the illness...
May 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401844/signs-of-reactive-attachment-disorder-and-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder-at-age-12-years-effects-of-institutional-care-history-and-high-quality-foster-care
#17
Kathryn L Humphreys, Charles A Nelson, Nathan A Fox, Charles H Zeanah
Two disorders of attachment have been consistently identified in some young children following severe deprivation in early life: reactive attachment disorder and disinhibited social engagement disorder. However, less is known about whether signs of these disorders persist into adolescence. We examined signs of reactive attachment disorder and disinhibited social engagement disorder at age 12 years in 111 children who were abandoned at or shortly after birth and subsequently randomized to care as usual or to high-quality foster care, as well as in 50 comparison children who were never institutionalized...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398918/histological-features-of-methylene-blue-induced-phototoxicity-administered-in-the-context-of-parathyroid-surgery
#18
Ciara A Maguire, Anup Sharma, Lida Alarcon, Lorrette Ffolkes, Malgorzata Kurzepa, Lucy Ostlere, Venura Samarasinghe, Manuraj Singh
Methylene blue is a chromophore dye known for its photosensitizing properties. It is also administered intravenously as a tracer in parathyroid surgery to identify abnormal glands. We describe 2 cases of acute methylene blue-induced phototoxicity in patients who underwent parathyroidectomy. Both patients developed an acute vesiculopustular inflammatory rash on the anterior neck corresponding to the site exposed intraoperatively to overhanging surgical lights. One of the patients also developed a bulla on her finger at the site of attachment of the oxygen probe...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397403/the-neurobiology-of-social-deficits-in-female-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-the-importance-of-oxytocin
#19
Anne Cathrine Bomann, Martin Balslev Jørgensen, Sune Bo, Marianne Nielsen, Lene Bjerring Gede, Betina Elfving, Erik Simonsen
BACKGROUND: Social deficits and emotional dysregulation have been suggested as explanations for the relational difficulties experienced by patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) is a possible neurobiological underpinning of these adversities, and this study examines possible correlations between BPD symptomatology and serum OXT. METHODS: Thirty-eight female participants (BPD group n = 18, matched control group n = 20) with a mean age of 29...
April 11, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393369/why-we-need-to-know-the-structure-of-phosphorylated-chloroplast-light-harvesting-complex-ii
#20
John F Allen
In oxygenic photosynthesis there are two "light states" - adaptations of the photosynthetic apparatus to spectral composition that otherwise favours either Photosystem I or Photosystem II. In chloroplasts of green plants, the transition to light state 2 depends on phosphorylation of apoproteins of a membrane-intrinsic antenna, the chlorophyll-a/b-binding, light-harvesting complex II (LHC II), and on the resulting redistribution absorbed excitation energy from Photosystem II to Photosystem I. The transition to light state 1 reverses these events and requires a phospho-LHC II phosphatase...
April 9, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
keyword
keyword
90394
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"