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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340424/less-money-more-problems-how-changes-in-disposable-income-affect-child-maltreatment
#1
Michael McLaughlin
A number of research studies have documented an association between child maltreatment and family income. Yet, little is known about the specific types of economic shocks that affect child maltreatment rates. The paucity of information is troubling given that more than six million children are reported for maltreatment annually in the U.S. alone. This study examines whether an exogenous shock to families' disposable income, a change in the price of gasoline, predicts changes in child maltreatment. The findings of a fixed-effects regression show that increases in state-level gas prices are associated with increases in state-level child maltreatment referral rates, even after controlling for demographic and other economic variables...
March 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340298/quantum-yield-of-nitrite-from-the-photolysis-of-aqueous-nitrate-above-300-nm
#2
Katherine Beem Benedict, Alexander S McFall, Cort Anastasio
Photolysis of nitrate (NO3(-)) produces reactive nitrogen and oxygen species via three different channels, forming: (1) nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and hydroxyl radical ((•)OH), (2) nitrite (NO2(-)) and oxygen atom (O((3)P)), and (3) peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)). These photoproducts are important oxidants and reactants in surface waters, atmospheric drops, and snowpacks. While the efficiency of the first channel, to form NO2, is well documented, a large range of values have been reported for the second channel, nitrite, above 300 nm...
March 24, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340242/insertion-of-miniaturized-cardiac-monitors-outside-the-catheter-operating-room-experience-and-practical-advice
#3
Jan Steffel, David Jay Wright, Harald Schäfer, Tabinda Rashid-Fadel, Thorsten Lewalter
Minor surgical procedures are increasingly being performed as outpatient procedures in settings outside hospital operating rooms (ORs). In electrophysiology, the recent miniaturization of insertable cardiac monitors (ICMs) has enabled the routine insertion of the device as a minimally invasive procedure without the need of a catheter OR. However, a shift to office-based environments for minor surgical procedures is associated with some concerns, particularly with respect to patient- and procedure-related safety in the new setting...
March 17, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340239/hypertension-in-dialysis-patients-a-consensus-document-by-the-european-renal-and-cardiovascular-medicine-eureca-m-working-group-of-the-european-renal-association-european-dialysis-and-transplant-association-era-edta-and-the-hypertension-and-the-kidney-working
#4
Pantelis A Sarafidis, Alexandre Persu, Rajiv Agarwal, Michel Burnier, Peter de Leeuw, Charles J Ferro, Jean-Michel Halimi, Gunnar H Heine, Michel Jadoul, Faical Jarraya, Mehmet Kanbay, Francesca Mallamaci, Patrick B Mark, Alberto Ortiz, Gianfranco Parati, Roberto Pontremoli, Patrick Rossignol, Luis Ruilope, Patricia Van der Niepen, Raymond Vanholder, Marianne C Verhaar, Andrzej Wiecek, Gregoire Wuerzner, Gérard M London, Carmine Zoccali
In patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) treated with haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis, hypertension is common and often poorly controlled. Blood pressure (BP) recordings obtained before or after haemodialysis display a J- or U-shaped association with cardiovascular events and survival, but this most likely reflects the low accuracy of these measurements and the peculiar haemodynamic setting related to dialysis treatment. Elevated BP detected by home or ambulatory BP monitoring is clearly associated with shorter survival...
March 13, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340210/clinical-significance-of-isolated-myeloperoxidase-expression-in-pediatric-b-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#5
Matthew J Oberley, Sisi Li, Etan Orgel, Choo Phei Wee, Ashley Hagiya, Maurice R G O'Gorman
Objectives: Diagnosis of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) requires immunophenotypic evidence of B-lineage and absence of specific myeloid or T-lineage markers. Rare cases of otherwise typical B-ALL express myeloperoxidase (MPO) detectable by flow cytometry with an absence of other myeloid markers, but the clinical significance of this finding is not well studied. Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis of flow cytometry and clinical data was performed to investigate the clinical outcome of this specific group of patients...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340191/cardiac-health-and-fitness-of-colorado-male-female-firefighters
#6
K Li, T Lipsey, H J Leach, T L Nelson
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is documented as the leading cause of mortality in on-duty firefighters. Aims: To examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) components, cardiorespiratory fitness levels and the association between them in firefighters in Colorado, USA. Methods: This study included male and female Colorado firefighters. MetS was identified where three or more metabolic abnormalities were present, using Cholesterol Education Program/Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines...
March 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340125/the-association-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-identity-facets-with-smoking-dependence-motives
#7
Nathan Grant Smith, Kate Winderman, Brooke King, Ezemenari M Obasi, Lorraine R Reitzel
Introduction: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults have higher rates of smoking than heterosexual adults. LGB individuals face unique stressors, including challenges associated with having a LGB identity. The extent to which these unique stressors are related to dependence motives in LGB adult smokers, however, has not been previously explored. The current study was conducted to redress these gaps. Methods: Participants (N=52; Mage=42.8; 55.8% Black/African American) were recruited from the local community...
March 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340103/diagnosis-to-ablation-time-as-a-predictor-of-success-early-choice-for-pulmonary-vein-isolation-and-long-term-outcome-in-atrial-fibrillation-results-from-the-middelheim-pvi-registry
#8
Y De Greef, B Schwagten, G B Chierchia, C de Asmundis, D Stockman, I Buysschaert
Aims: The aim of the study is to define long-term outcome of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in atrial fibrillation (AF) and to determine whether time window between AF diagnosis and PVI affects outcome. Methods and results: Consecutive AF patients undergoing PVI (2006-14) were followed for 5 years. Primary outcome was clinical success, defined as freedom of documented AF without anti-arrhythmic drugs respecting a 1-month blanking period. A 1000 patients were included (age 60 ± 10 years, CHA2DS2-VASc score 1 ± 1)...
March 2, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339998/executive-functioning-in-pediatric-chronic-pain-do-deficits-exist
#9
Karen E Weiss, Cynthia Harbeck-Weber, Michael J Zaccariello, Jacqueline N Kimondo, Tracy E Harrison, Barbara K Bruce
Objective. : Despite ample research documenting deficits in executive functioning for adults with chronic pain, the literature on pediatric patients with chronic pain is limited and provides mixed results. The current study sought to further investigate the nature of executive dysfunction in this population and also examine the relationships between pain intensity, duration, and catastrophizing with sustained attention, working memory, and self- and parent-report of executive functioning...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339881/genetic-aspects-and-environmental-sources-of-microsporidia-that-infect-the-human-gastrointestinal-tract
#10
Martin F Heyworth
Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Encephalitozoon intestinalis are microsporidia that infect the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Each of these microsporidia has been shown to infect various non-human hosts (mammalian and avian), raising the possibility of inter-species transmission, for example, from such hosts to human subjects via waterborne dispersal of microsporidian spores. During the past two decades, genome sequencing has delineated more than 90 genotypes of Ent. bieneusi, and has led to the conclusion that not all the genotypes of this organism infect human subjects...
February 27, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339721/analysis-of-professional-competencies-for-the-clinical-research-data-management-profession-implications-for-training-and-professional-certification
#11
Meredith N Zozus, Angel Lazarov, Leigh R Smith, Tim E Breen, Susan L Krikorian, Patrick S Zbyszewski, Shelly K Knoll, Debra A Jendrasek, Derek C Perrin, Demetris N Zambas, Tremaine B Williams, Carl F Pieper
Objective: : To assess and refine competencies for the clinical research data management profession. Materials and Methods: : Based on prior work developing and maintaining a practice standard and professional certification exam, a survey was administered to a captive group of clinical research data managers to assess professional competencies, types of data managed, types of studies supported, and necessary foundational knowledge. Results: : Respondents confirmed a set of 91 professional competencies...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339697/are-informed-policies-in-place-to-promote-safe-and-usable-ehrs-a-cross-industry-comparison
#12
Erica L Savage, Rollin J Fairbanks, Raj M Ratwani
Objective: Despite federal policies put in place by the Office of the National Coordinator (ONC) to promote safe and usable electronic health record (EHR) products, the usability of EHRs continues to frustrate providers and have patient safety implications. This study sought to compare government policies on usability and safety, and methods of examining compliance to those policies, across 3 federal agencies: the ONC and EHRs, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and avionics, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and medical devices...
February 19, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339695/incidence-and-outcomes-of-infections-caused-by-multidrug-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-in-children-2007-2015
#13
Sharon B Meropol, Allison A Haupt, Sara M Debanne
Background.: The escalating incidence of invasive disease caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative enteric Enterobacteriaceae (MDR-GNE) is a global concern. Scant published studies in which the epidemiology of these infections in children is described exist; previous studies focused mainly on adults, described circumscribed populations, or lacked clinical detail. The objective of this study was to examine and describe the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes associated with MDR-GNE infection in children...
February 22, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339669/in-their-own-words-young-adults-menthol-cigarette-initiation-perceptions-experiences-and-regulation-perspectives
#14
Olivia A Wackowski, Kiameesha R Evans, Melissa B Harrell, Alexandra Loukas, M Jane Lewis, Cristine D Delnevo, Cheryl L Perry
Background: Menthol cigarettes are disproportionately used by young people and have been called smoking starter products. However, limited qualitative research exists on young adults' perceptions of and experiences with these products, with much of it based on document reviews of the tobacco industry's research. Methods: We conducted six focus groups with young adult (ages 18-24) menthol smokers in New Jersey (half with black smokers) between December 2014 and March 2015...
February 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339638/the-impact-of-older-parents-pain-symptoms-on-adult-children
#15
Karl Pillemer, Catherine Riffin, J Jill Suitor, Siyun Peng, M C Reid
Objective. : Not only is persistent pain a debilitating health problem for older adults, it also may have negative effects on family relationships. Studies have documented the effects of pain on spouses and on parents of young children. However, research has not extended this line of inquiry to later life, and specifically to the impact of older parents' pain symptoms on adult children. This study addresses the question: Does older mothers' pain affect the quality of relations with offspring? Subjects and Design...
February 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339626/a-ward-based-time-study-of-paper-and-electronic-documentation-for-recording-vital-sign-observations
#16
David Wong, Timothy Bonnici, Julia Knight, Stephen Gerry, James Turton, Peter Watkinson
Objective: To investigate time differences in recording observations and an early warning score using traditional paper charts and a novel e-Obs system in clinical practice. Methods: Researchers observed the process of recording observations and early warning scores across 3 wards in 2 university teaching hospitals immediately before and after introduction of the e-Obs system. The process of recording observations included both measurement and documentation of vital signs...
February 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339589/the-clinical-value-of-t-wave-alternans-derived-from-holter-monitoring
#17
Joanna Lewek, Pawel Ptaszynski, Thomas Klingenheben, Iwona Cygankiewicz
Microvolt-level T-wave alternans (TWA) assessed by spectral method during an exercise stress test has been widely studied for risk stratification. Several studies have documented the association of a positive TWA with total mortality and arrhythmic events. Nevertheless, the need to achieve an elevated and stabilized heart rate resulting in a considerable proportion of indeterminate test results constitutes one of the main limitations of this method. It is well recognized that arrhythmic events may be triggered not only by physical but also by mental stress and are not necessarily associated with exercise...
October 6, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339568/varicella-in-a-previously-immune-patient-with-leukemia
#18
Michelle Sewnarine, Sujatha Rajan, Arlene Redner, Lorry G Rubin
Infection with varicella-zoster virus (VZV) in oncology patients can result in severe disease with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality [1, 2]. Among patients on cancer chemotherapy, only nonimmune persons are considered to be susceptible to varicella [1]. We present a case of varicella in a child with leukemia that occurred despite immunity as defined by 2 doses of varicella vaccine and documentation of positive VZV immunoglobulin G titer before initiation of chemotherapy.
January 19, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339500/detecting-congenital-malformations-lessons-learned-from-the-mpepu-study-botswana
#19
Gbolahan Ajibola, Rebecca Zash, Roger L Shapiro, Oganne Batlang, Kerapetse Botebele, Kara Bennett, Florence Chilisa, Erik von Widenfelt, Joseph Makhema, Shahin Lockman, Lewis B Holmes, Kathleen M Powis
INTRODUCTION: A large and increasing number of HIV-infected women are conceiving on antiretroviral treatment (ART). While most antiretrovirals are considered safe in pregnancy, monitoring for rare pregnancy and infant adverse outcomes is warranted. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective secondary analysis nested within a clinical trial of infant cotrimoxazole vs. placebo prophylaxis in Botswana (the Mpepu Study). Infants were examined at birth, and at least every 3 months through 18 months of age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339400/a-systematic-review-of-the-huntington-disease-like-2-phenotype
#20
David G Anderson, Ruth H Walker, Myles Connor, Jonathan Carr, Russell L Margolis, Amanda Krause
BACKGROUND: Huntington Disease-like 2 (HDL2) is a neurodegenerative disorder similar to Huntington Disease (HD) in its clinical phenotype, genetic characteristics, neuropathology and longitudinal progression. Proposed specific differences include an exclusive African ancestry, lack of eye movement abnormalities, increased Parkinsonism, and acanthocytes in HDL2. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the similarities and differences between HD and HDL2 by establishing the clinical phenotype of HDL2 with the published cases...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Huntington's Disease
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