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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793184/an-actigraphic-study-of-the-sleep-patterns-of-younger-and-older-school-age-children
#1
Reut Gruber, Gail Somerville, Samantha Wells, Deniz Keskinel, Jose Arturo Santisteban
OBJECTIVE: Sleep is viewed as being relatively consistent across the school-age period (6-13 years of age), however this claim has not been empirically supported. The objective of this study was to document the duration, schedule, variability, and week versus weekend discrepancies of sleep in three distinct age groups within the school-age period. METHODS: Participants were divided by age: Cycle 1, 6 and 7 years; Cycle 2, 8 and 9 years; and Cycle 3, 10 and 11 years...
April 10, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793171/compositional-engineering-of-acceptors-for-highly-efficient-bulk-heterojunction-hybrid-organic-solar-cells
#2
S Amber Yousaf, M Ikram, S Ali
The wet chemical synthesis of chromium oxide (Cr2 O3 ) nanoparticles (NPs) and its application in active layer of inverted bulk heterojunction organic solar cells is documented in this research. Chromium oxide NPs of 10-30 nm size range having a band gap of 2.9 eV were successfully synthesized. These NPs were used in inverted organic solar cells in amalgamation with P3HT:PCBM and PTB7:PCBM polymers. The fabricated hybrid devices improves PCE significantly for P3HT:PCBM and PTB7:PCBM systems. The photophysical energy levels, optoelectrical properties and microscopic images have been systematically studied for the fabricated devices...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793034/a-case-control-study-about-foetal-trauma-during-cesarean-delivery
#3
Enora Dolivet, Cécile Delesalle, Rémi Morello, Marie Blouet, Corinne Bronfen, Michel Dreyfus, Guillaume Benoist
OBJECTIVE: The caesarean section rate is gradually increasing in most countries. The frequency of occurrence of foetal injury per birth is estimated to 1%. The majority of these injuries presents a low functional impact, but remains responsible for a significant neonatal morbidity. Even though the foetal risk factors are well documented in cases of vaginal birth, they have not been accurately identified for cesarean section. The aim of this study is to identify the risk factors for neonatal fracture during caesarean section...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793009/evidence-on-the-measurement-properties-of-health-related-quality-of-life-instruments-is-largely-missing-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Alessandro Chiarotto, Caroline B Terwee, Steven J Kamper, Maarten Boers, Raymond W Ostelo
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the measurement properties of five health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instruments [Short Form 36 (SF-36), Short Form 12 (SF-12), EuroQol 5D (EQ-5D), Nottingham Health Profile (NHP), PROMIS Global Health (PROMIS-GH-10)] in patients with low back pain (LBP). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Six electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SportDiscus, Google Scholar) were searched (July 2017). Studies assessing any measurement property in non-specific LBP patients were included...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792996/cervical-bracing-practices-after-degenerative-cervical-surgery-a-survey-of-cervical-spine-research-society-members
#5
David J Lunardini, Martin H Krag, Nathan S Mauser, Joon Y Lee, William H Donaldson, James D Kang
BACKGROUND: Context: Prior studies have shown common use of post-operative bracing, despite advances in modern day instrumentation rigidity and little evidence of brace effectiveness. PURPOSE: To document current practice patterns of brace use after degenerative cervical spine surgeries among members of the Cervical Spine Research Society (CSRS), to evaluate trends, and to identify areas of further study. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire survey METHODS: A 10 question survey was sent to members of the Cervical Spine Research Society to document current routine bracing practices after various common degenerative cervical spine surgical scenarios, including fusion and non-fusion procedures...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792980/language-used-by-health-care-professionals-to-describe-dying-at-an-acute-care-hospital
#6
Kirsten Wentlandt, Philippe Toupin, Natalia Novosedlik, Lisa W Le, Camilla Zimmermann, Ebru Kaya
PURPOSE: To understand the language used to describe the deterioration and death of patients in an acute academic tertiary care centre, and to identify whether patient diagnoses or palliative care(PC) involvement was associated with clearer descriptions of this process. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of the final admission of 150 patients who died on an inpatient internal medicine unit. Conventional and summative content analysis was performed of the language used to describe, either directly or indirectly, that the patient's death was imminent...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792898/energy-drink-exposures-reported-to-texas-poison-centers-analysis-of-adverse-incidents-in-relation-to-total-sales-2010-2014
#7
Stephen W Borron, Susan H Watts, Jessica Herrera, Joshua Larson, Salvador Baeza, Richard L Kingston
The ill-defined term "energy drink" includes a disparate group of products (beverages, shots, concentrates, and workout powders) having large differences in caffeine content and concentration and intended use. Hence, inaccurate conclusions may be drawn when describing adverse events associated with "energy drinks". The FDA is considering new regulation of these products but product specificity is needed to evaluate safety. To help address this, we queried Texas Poison Center Network data for single substance exposures to "energy drinks" from 2010 to 2014, then analyzed adverse events by product type...
May 21, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792837/total-avulsed-ear-management-with-radial-forearm-free-flap
#8
Uzair Luqman, Zahid Qayyum, Zahid Furqan, Kaleem Ullah
Avulsive injuries to the ear are extremely challenging to treat. The literature documents numerous ways to manage such injuries. This report describes a case of total auricular cartilaginous avulsion that occurred during a motor vehicle accident. The avulsed segment had an ischemia time longer than 8 hours by the time of presentation at the authors' tertiary care facility. The avulsed segment was de-epithelialized and embedded into the volar forearm. After a healing period of 6 months, a radial forearm free flap was harvested and the ear was reconstructed...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792784/xylaria-karyophthora-a-new-seed-inhabiting-fungus-of-greenheart-from-guyana
#9
Dillon R Husbands, Hector Urbina, Susy M Lewis, M Catherine Aime
In 2010-2011, a Xylaria sp. was documented growing from seeds of both Chlorocardium rodiei and Chlorocardium venenosum, a commercially valuable timber in Guyana. We conducted extensive surveys in 2015-2016, where this Xylaria sp. was observed fruiting from ca. 80% of dispersed seeds in both natural and logged forests in the Upper Demerara-Berbice, Potaro-Siparuni, and the Cuyuni-Mazaruni districts of central Guyana. Species of Xylaria are ascomycetous fungi generally characterized by black, carbonaceous, multiperitheciate ascoma commonly found growing on dead wood...
April 2, 2018: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792765/exploring-the-relationship-between-volunteering-and-hospice-sustainability-in-the-uk-a-theoretical-model
#10
Ros Scott, Divya Jindal-Snape, Gaye Manwaring
AIM: To explore the relationship between volunteering and the sustainability of UK voluntary hospices. METHODS: A narrative literature review was conducted to inform the development of a theoretical model. Eight databases were searched: CINAHL (EBSCO), British Nursing Index, Intute: Health and Life Sciences, ERIC, SCOPUS, ASSIA (CSA), Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. RESULTS: A total of 90 documents were analysed. Emerging themes included the importance of volunteering to the hospice economy and workforce, the quality of services, and public and community support...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792758/investigation-of-a-large-scale-gopher-tortoise-gopherus-polyphemus-mortality-event-on-a-public-conservation-land-in-florida
#11
Michelina C Dziadzio, Eric R Sievers, Deborah Burr
In August 2015, a gopher tortoise ( Gopherus polyphemus) mortality event was documented on a 40-ha area of Lake Louisa State Park, Lake County, Florida, USA. To quantify the extent of the die-off and the seroprevalence of Mycoplasma agassizii and Mycoplasma testudineum, two causative agents of mycoplasmal upper respiratory tract disease (URTD), we conducted a tortoise shell survey on 25 and 26 August 2015 and collected blood samples from live tortoises on 2-4 September 2015 and 1-13 August 2016 within the area of documented mortality...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792486/okay-to-say-initial-validation-of-the-acceptability-of-racial-microaggressions-scale
#12
Yara Mekawi, Nathan R Todd
Despite a growing body of research documenting the negative impact of racial microaggressions on racial and ethnic minorities' wellbeing, there remains debate in society about whether it is acceptable to say racially microaggressive statements. However, no scale exists to assess attitudes about the acceptability of saying such statements. OBJECTIVES: In this study we present an initial validation of a new scale, the Acceptability of Racial Microaggressions Scale (ARMS), which assesses attitudes about how "okay" it is for White individuals to say different types of racially microaggressive statements to racial and ethnic minorities in an interpersonal interaction...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792445/the-society-for-industrial-and-organizational-psychology-s-guidelines-for-education-and-training-an-executive-summary-of-the-2016-2017-revision
#13
Jennifer Lee Gibson, Stephanie C Payne, Whitney Botsford Morgan, Joseph A Allen
The Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP, Division 14 of the American Psychological Association [APA]) maintains Guidelines for Education and Training to provide guidance for the training of industrial-organizational (I-O) psychologists. The 2016/2017 revision combines separate documents for master's- and doctoral-level training into one document, because the competencies required for each degree are not very different. Instead, the degrees differ in breadth and depth. The updated Guidelines were approved as APA policy in August 2017...
May 24, 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792259/going-digital-a-checklist-in-preparing-for-hospital-wide-electronic-medical-record-implementation-and-digital-transformation
#14
Ian A Scott, Clair Sullivan, Andrew Staib
Objective In an era of rapid digitisation of Australian hospitals, practical guidance is needed in how to successfully implement electronic medical records (EMRs) as both a technical innovation and a major transformative change in clinical care. The aim of the present study was to develop a checklist that clearly and comprehensively defines the steps that best prepare hospitals for EMR implementation and digital transformation. Methods The checklist was developed using a formal methodological framework comprised of: literature reviews of relevant issues; an interactive workshop involving a multidisciplinary group of digital leads from Queensland hospitals; a draft document based on literature and workshop proceedings; and a review and feedback from senior clinical leads...
May 24, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792196/ethnozoological-study-of-traditional-medicinal-appreciation-of-animals-and-their-products-among-the-indigenous-people-of-metema-woreda-north-western-ethiopia
#15
Fasil Adugna Kendie, Sileshi Andualem Mekuriaw, Melkamu Andargie Dagnew
BACKGROUND: Using animals for different purposes goes back to the dawn of mankind. Animals served as a source of food, medicine, and clothing for humans and provided other services. This study was designed to undertake a cross-sectional ethnozoological field survey among the residents of Metema Woreda from November 2015 to May 2016. METHODS: Data were collected through studied questionnaires, interviews, and focus group discussions with 36 purposively selected respondents...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792131/management-of-nursing-workplace-incivility-in-the-health-care-settings-a-systematic-review
#16
Nancy Armstrong
Workplace incivility is a well-documented issue in nursing in the health care setting. It has the potential to cause emotional and physical distress in victims and potentially affects the quality of care provided. The purpose of this study was to critique and summarize the most recent, available evidence related to interventions in assisting nursing staff working in health care settings in managing incivility. This systematic review of literature yielded 10 studies meeting the criteria. The studies were mostly identified as lower quality research...
May 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792110/a-comparative-study-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-double-single-or-selective-bundle-techniques
#17
Zi-Yang Chia, Jade N Chee, Hamid Rahmatullah Bin-Abd-Razak, Denny Tt Lie, Paul Cc Chang
PURPOSE: Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the most frequently performed reconstructive surgery in the knee. Biomechanical studies have shown that double bundle (DB) reconstruction is better than single bundle (SB) reconstruction with regard to rotational stability. It is postulated that resection of ACL fibres that remain in continuity may be counterproductive for the knee as these fibres have the capacity to produce collagen. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy among selective bundle, DB and SB ACL reconstructions over a 2-year post-operative follow-up period...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791992/role-of-the-duodenum-in-the-pathogenesis-of-functional-dyspepsia-a-paradigm-shift
#18
REVIEW
Hye-Kyung Jung, Nicholas J Talley
Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a common disorder characterized by chronic epigastric pain or burning, or bothersome postprandial fullness or early satiation, without a definitive organic cause. The pathogenesis of FD is likely heterogeneous. Classically, motor disorders, visceral hypersensitivity, and brain-gut interactions have been implicated in the pathophysiology of FD, but recently an important role for chronic low-grade inflammation and post-infectious gastroenteritis in FD has been reported and confirmed...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791952/skin-punctures-in-preterm-infants-in-the-first-2-weeks-of-life
#19
Daragh Finn, Daryl Butler, Orla Sheehan, Vicki Livingstone, Eugene M Dempsey
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to investigate frequency and trends of skin punctures in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN:  A prospective audit of preterm infants less than 35 weeks admitted over a 6-month period to a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Each skin puncture performed in the first 2 weeks of life was documented in a specifically designed audit sheet. RESULTS:  Ninety-nine preterm infants were enrolled. Infants born at < 32 weeks' gestation had significantly more skin punctures than infants > 32 weeks (median skin punctures 26...
May 23, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791929/documenting-routinely-what-matters-to-people-standardized-headings-for-health-records-of-patients-with-chronic-health-conditions
#20
Birgit Prodinger, Paul Rastall, Dipak Kalra, Darren Wooldridge, Iain Carpenter
OBJECTIVE:  Specifying the content in electronic health records (EHRs) through standardized headings based on international reference classifications will facilitate their semantic interoperability. The objective of this study was to specify potential chapter headings for EHRs aligned with the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) based on the perspectives of people living with chronic health conditions, carers, and professionals...
April 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
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