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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938777/role-of-vasoactive-intestinal-peptide-during-the-transition-from-incubation-behavior-to-rearing-behavior-in-the-female-native-thai-chicken
#1
S Namken, P Sinpru, B Kamkrathok, N Sartsoongnoen, Y Chaiseha
It is well documented that vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is an avian prolactin-releasing factor, regulating the reproductive cycle, that initiates and maintains incubation behavior in avian species. Native Thai chicken has strong maternal behaviors. Thus, it is an excellent animal model to study this phenomenon. Changes in the numbers of VIP neurons within the nucleus inferioris hypothalami (IH) and nucleus infundibuli hypothalami (IN) are associated with maternal behaviors in the native Thai chicken...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938735/the-age-of-fathers-in-the-usa-is-rising-an-analysis-of-168-867-480-births-from-1972-to-2015
#2
Yash S Khandwala, Chiyuan A Zhang, Ying Lu, Michael L Eisenberg
STUDY QUESTION: How has the mean paternal age in the USA changed over the past 4 decades? SUMMARY ANSWER: The age at which men are fathering children in the USA has been increasing over time, although it varies by race, geographic region and paternal education level. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: While the rise in mean maternal age and its implications for fertility, birth outcomes and public health have been well documented, little is known about paternal characteristics of births within the USA...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938684/efficacy-and-safety-of-everolimus-in-chinese-metastatic-hr-positive-her2-negative-breast-cancer-patients-a-real-world-retrospective-study
#3
Chengcheng Gong, Yannan Zhao, Biyun Wang, Xichun Hu, Zhonghua Wang, Jian Zhang, Sheng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Everolimus combined with endocrine therapy has been proved to be effective among postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 negative (HR+/HER2-) metastatic breast cancer (MBC). We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of everolimus plus endocrine therapy in Chinese real-world practice for the first time, and investigate factors associated with efficacy. METHODS: Seventy-five HR+/HER2- MBC patients were included in this retrospective study who received everolimus plus endocrine therapy after progression on prior endocrine therapy in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (FUSCC) between June 2013 and February 2016...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938628/mir-144-promotes-%C3%AE-amyloid-accumulation-induced-cognitive-impairments-by-targeting-adam10-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Liqian Sun, Manman Zhao, Jingbo Zhang, Aihua Liu, Wenjun Ji, Youxiang Li, Xinjian Yang, Zhongxue Wu
The dysregulation expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) including miR-144, has been widely documented in TBI. However, little is known about the potential roles of miR-144 in the pathogenesis of TBI. In this study, we investigated the potential effects of miR-144 on cognitive function in vivo and in vitro. The results indicated that inhibition of miR-144 conferred a better neurological outcome after TBI in vivo, as evidenced by reduced lesion volume, alleviated brain edema and increased mNSS, of particular importance, improved cognitive deficits...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938539/dissemination-of-macrolides-fusidic-acid-and-mupirocin-resistance-among-staphylococcus-aureus-clinical-isolates
#5
Xingmei Liu, Shanshan Deng, Jinwei Huang, Yaling Huang, Yu Zhang, Qin Yan, Yanhong Wang, Yanyue Li, Chengfu Sun, Xu Jia
As an increasingly common cause of skin infections worldwide, the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) across China has not been well documented. This literature aims to study the resistance profile to commonly used antibiotics, including macrolides, fusidic acid (FA) and mupirocin, and its relationship to the genetic typing in 34 S. aureus strains, including 6 methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), isolated from a Chinese hospital. The MIC results showed 27 (79.4%), 1 (2.9%) and 6 (17...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938514/-2-4-fluorobenzamido-4-methylthiazole-5-carboxylic-acid-a-novel-thiazole-compound-ameliorates-insulin-sensitivity-and-hyperlipidaemia-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats-plausible-role-of-inflammatory-and-oxidative-stress-markers
#6
Yam Nath Paudel, Md Rahmat Ali, Mohammad Adil, Sandhya Bawa, Manju Sharma
Emerging evidence suggests that thiazole compounds are of great interest due to their protective effect against DM. Protective effects of thiazole derivatives against hyperglycemia have been demonstrated in earlier in vitro and in vivo studies. Previously, anti-oxidant and free radical scavenging activities of 2-(4-Fluorobenzamido)-4-methylthiazole-5-carboxylicacid, a newly developed thiazole derivative (NDTD), have been well-documented. Current study investigated the pharmacological effect of NDTD on hyperglycaemia, insulin sensitivity, lipid profile, anti-inflammatory and oxidative stress markers in an animal model...
September 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938457/the-association-of-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-gene-variation-with-salt-sensitive-blood-pressure
#7
Worapaka Manosroi, Jia Wei Tan, Chevon M Rariy, Bei Sun, Mark O Goodarzi, Aditi R Saxena, Jonathan S Williams, Luminita H Pojoga, Jessica Lasky-Su, Jinrui Cui, Xiuqing Guo, Kent D Taylor, Yii-Der I Chen, Anny H Xiang, Willa A Hsueh, Leslie J Raffel, Thomas A Buchanan, Jerome I Rotter, Gordon H Williams, Ellen W Seely
Context: Hypertension in young women is uncommon compared to young men and older women. Estrogen appears to protect most women against hypertension with incidence increasing after menopause. Since some premenopausal women develop hypertension, estrogen may play a different role in these women. Genetic variations in the estrogen receptor (ER) are associated with cardiovascular disease. ER-β, encoded by ESR2, is the ER predominantly expressed in vascular smooth muscle. Objective: To determine an association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ESR2 with salt-sensitivity of blood pressure (SSBP) and estrogen status in women...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938407/fibroblast-growth-factor-21-metabolic-role-in-mice-and-men
#8
Harald Staiger, Michaela Keuper, Lucia Berti, Martin Hrabe de Angelis, Hans-Ulrich Häring
Since its identification in 2000, the interest of scientists in the hepatokine fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21 has tremendously grown, and still remains high, due to a wealth of very robust data documenting this factor's favorable effects on glucose and lipid metabolism in mice. For more than ten years now, intense in vivo and ex vivo experimentation addressed the physiological functions of FGF21 in humans as well as its pathophysiological role and pharmacological effects in human metabolic disease. This work produced a comprehensive collection of data revealing overlaps in FGF21 expression and function but also significant differences between mice and men that have to be considered before translation from bench to bedside can be successful...
July 28, 2017: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938365/why-the-p-value-alone-is-not-enough-the-need-for-confidence-intervals-in-plastic-surgery-research
#9
Osama A Samargandi, Mona Al-Taha, Kit Moran, Sarah Al Youha, Michael Bezuhly
BACKGROUND: The p-value is one of the most utilized descriptors in statistical analysis; however, when reported in isolation, it does not convey the effect size of a treatment. The reporting of confidence intervals (CIs) is an essential adjunct to determine the clinical value of treatment, as it permits an assessment of the effect size. The authors assessed the reporting of CIs in clinical trials within the plastic surgery literature. METHODS: The seven highest impact plastic surgery journals were screened using MEDLINE for clinical trials in the years 2006, 2009, 2012, and 2015...
September 15, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938253/guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-critical-illness-related-corticosteroid-insufficiency-circi-in-critically-ill-patients-part-i-society-of-critical-care-medicine-sccm-and-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine-esicm-2017
#10
Djillali Annane, Stephen M Pastores, Bram Rochwerg, Wiebke Arlt, Robert A Balk, Albertus Beishuizen, Josef Briegel, Joseph Carcillo, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Mark S Cooper, Paul E Marik, Gianfranco Umberto Meduri, Keith M Olsen, Sophia C Rodgers, James A Russell, Greet Van den Berghe
OBJECTIVE: To update the 2008 consensus statements for the diagnosis and management of critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI) in adult and pediatric patients. PARTICIPANTS: A multispecialty task force of 16 international experts in critical care medicine, endocrinology, and guideline methods, all of them members of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and/or the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. DESIGN/METHODS: The recommendations were based on the summarized evidence from the 2008 document in addition to more recent findings from an updated systematic review of relevant studies from 2008 to 2017 and were formulated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology...
September 21, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938230/outcomes-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus-disease-following-maternal-primary-and-non-primary-infection
#11
Antonietta Giannattasio, Pasquale Di Costanzo, Arianna De Matteis, Paola Milite, Daniela De Martino, Laura Bucci, Maria Rosaria Augurio, Carmela Bravaccio, Teresa Ferrara, Letizia Capasso, Francesco Raimondi
BACKGROUND: Natural history and long term prognosis of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease according to maternal primary versus non-primary infection are not clearly documented. OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical, laboratory and neuroimaging features at onset and long term outcome of congenitally CMV-infected patients born to mothers with non-primary infection compared with a group of patients born to mothers with primary infection. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive neonates born from 2002 to 2015 were considered eligible for the study...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938228/sex-determination-from-chest-measurements-in-a-sample-of-egyptian-adults-using-multislice-computed-tomography
#12
Ragaa T Darwish, Manal H Abdel-Aziz, Abdel-Aziz M El Nekiedy, Zahraa K Sobh
BACKGROUND: In forensic sciences to determine one's sex is quite important during the identity defining stage. The reliability of sex determination depends on the completeness of the remains and the degree of sexual dimorphism inherent in the population. Computed Tomography is the imaging modality of choice for two- and three-dimensional documentation and analysis of many autopsy findings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present work was to assess the reliability of Three-dimensional Multislice Computed Tomography (3D MSCT) to determine sexual dimorphism from certain chest measurements; sternum and fourth rib using the 3D MSCT and to develop equations for sex determination from these bones among adult Egyptians sample...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938198/differentiation-of-black-writing-ink-on-paper-using-luminescence-lifetime-by-time-resolved-luminescence-spectroscopy
#13
Mototsugu Suzuki, Norimitsu Akiba, Kenji Kurosawa, Yoshinori Akao, Yoshiyasu Higashikawa
The time-resolved luminescence spectra and the lifetimes of eighteen black writing inks were measured to differentiate pen ink on altered documents. The spectra and lifetimes depended on the samples. About half of the samples only exhibited short-lived luminescence components on the nanosecond time scale. On the other hand, the other samples exhibited short- and long-lived components on the microsecond time scale. The samples could be classified into fifteen groups based on the luminescence spectra and dynamics...
September 11, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938183/age-trends-in-rates-of-substance-use-disorders-across-ages-18-90-differences-by-gender-and-race-ethnicity
#14
Sara A Vasilenko, Rebecca J Evans-Polce, Stephanie T Lanza
BACKGROUND: Although research has documented age differences in substance use, less is known about how prevalence of substance use disorders (SUDs) vary across age and differ by gender and race/ethnicity. METHODS: Time-varying effect models (TVEMs) were estimated on data from the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (NESARC III; N=36,309), a nationally representative survey of the adult population. The sample was 44% male; 53% White, 21% Black, 19% Hispanic/Latino, 6% other race/ethnicity...
September 14, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938142/insulin-regimens-and-glycemic-control-in-different-parts-of-europe-over-4years-after-starting-insulin-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-data-from-the-credit-non-interventional-study
#15
Lawrence Blonde, Michel Marre, Maya Vincent, Sandrine Brette, Valerie Pilorget, Nicholas Danchin, Giacomo Vespasiani, Philip Home
AIMS: A number of insulin regimens are used in type 2 diabetes. This analysis aims to better understand the evolution of insulin therapy in different regions of Europe. METHODS: Data from people starting any insulin were collected in eastern Europe (EEur: Croatia, Russia, Ukraine), northern Europe (NEur: Finland, Germany, UK) and southern Europe (SEur: France, Italy, Portugal, Spain). Retrospective data on starting insulin and prospective follow-up data were extracted from clinical records...
August 31, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938126/the-need-for-theory-evaluation-in-global-citizenship-programmes-the-case-of-the-gcsa-programme
#16
Sarah Goodier, Carren Field, Suki Goodman
Many education programmes lack a documented programme theory. This is a problem for programme planners and evaluators as the ability to measure programme success is grounded in the plausibility of the programme's underlying causal logic. Where the programme theory has not been documented, conducting a theory evaluation offers a foundational evaluation step as it gives an indication of whether the theory behind a programme is sound. This paper presents a case of a theory evaluation of a Global Citizenship programme at a top-ranking university in South Africa, subsequently called the GCSA Programme...
August 24, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938123/reconstructing-prehistoric-african-population-structure
#17
Pontus Skoglund, Jessica C Thompson, Mary E Prendergast, Alissa Mittnik, Kendra Sirak, Mateja Hajdinjak, Tasneem Salie, Nadin Rohland, Swapan Mallick, Alexander Peltzer, Anja Heinze, Iñigo Olalde, Matthew Ferry, Eadaoin Harney, Megan Michel, Kristin Stewardson, Jessica I Cerezo-Román, Chrissy Chiumia, Alison Crowther, Elizabeth Gomani-Chindebvu, Agness O Gidna, Katherine M Grillo, I Taneli Helenius, Garrett Hellenthal, Richard Helm, Mark Horton, Saioa López, Audax Z P Mabulla, John Parkington, Ceri Shipton, Mark G Thomas, Ruth Tibesasa, Menno Welling, Vanessa M Hayes, Douglas J Kennett, Raj Ramesar, Matthias Meyer, Svante Pääbo, Nick Patterson, Alan G Morris, Nicole Boivin, Ron Pinhasi, Johannes Krause, David Reich
We assembled genome-wide data from 16 prehistoric Africans. We show that the anciently divergent lineage that comprises the primary ancestry of the southern African San had a wider distribution in the past, contributing approximately two-thirds of the ancestry of Malawi hunter-gatherers ∼8,100-2,500 years ago and approximately one-third of the ancestry of Tanzanian hunter-gatherers ∼1,400 years ago. We document how the spread of farmers from western Africa involved complete replacement of local hunter-gatherers in some regions, and we track the spread of herders by showing that the population of a ∼3,100-year-old pastoralist from Tanzania contributed ancestry to people from northeastern to southern Africa, including a ∼1,200-year-old southern African pastoralist...
September 21, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938105/how-people-from-ethnic-minorities-describe-their-experiences-of-managing-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#18
REVIEW
Virginia Jones, Marie Crowe
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of diabetes is well-documented along with the findings that some ethnic minorities have a higher prevalence than non-minority individuals. Along with possible biological differences between ethnicities, access to economic, social, cultural and symbolic capital may impact on the success of managing type-2 diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To examine how people from ethnic minorities in Western countries describe their experiences of managing type-2 diabetes mellitus...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938047/diversity-in-the-us-infectious-diseases-workforce-challenges-for-women-and-underrepresented-minorities
#19
Judith A Aberg, Joel Blankson, Jeanne Marrazzo, Adaora A Adimora
Research documents significant gender-based salary inequities among physicians and ongoing inadequacies in recruitment and promotion of physicians from underrepresented minority groups. Given the complexity of the social forces that promote these disparities, their elimination will likely require quantitative and qualitative research to understand the pathways that lead to them and to develop effective solutions. Interventions to combat implicit bias will be required, and structural interventions that hold medical school leadership accountable are needed to achieve and maintain salary equity and racial and gender diversity at all levels...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937982/protein-complex-prediction-via-dense-subgraphs-and-false-positive-analysis
#20
Cecilia Hernandez, Carlos Mella, Gonzalo Navarro, Alvaro Olivera-Nappa, Jaime Araya
Many proteins work together with others in groups called complexes in order to achieve a specific function. Discovering protein complexes is important for understanding biological processes and predict protein functions in living organisms. Large-scale and throughput techniques have made possible to compile protein-protein interaction networks (PPI networks), which have been used in several computational approaches for detecting protein complexes. Those predictions might guide future biologic experimental research...
2017: PloS One
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