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"SPONDYLOLISTHESIS MECHANISM"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594517/adolescent-spondylolysis-management-and-return-to-play
#1
William C Warner, Rodrigo Góes Medéa de Mendonça
The most common causes of low back pain in adolescents are spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis. Mechanical factors combined with rapid growth during adolescence place stress on the spine and can result in a stress fracture. Sports that require athletes to repeatedly place the spine in hyperextension may exacerbate both spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis. Many adolescent athletes with spondylolysis or low-grade spondylolisthesis have minimal symptoms and require no treatment or alteration in activity, including sports activity...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594516/lumbar-spine-injuries-in-the-athlete
#2
Dustin H Massel, Kern Singh
Low back pain is the most common complaint expressed by adult patients in the primary care setting, and the incidence of low back pain in adolescents is rising. Adolescents who are involved in athletics most commonly suffer from spondylolysis, spondylolisthesis, mechanical low back pain, and herniated disks, whereas adult athletes most commonly suffer from lumbosacral strain and herniated or degenerative disks. Initial nonsurgical management aims to reduce inflammation and noninvasively strengthen damaged tissues...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12461392/use-of-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-to-achieve-posterolateral-lumbar-spine-fusion-in-humans-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-pilot-trial-2002-volvo-award-in-clinical-studies
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Scott D Boden, James Kang, Harvinder Sandhu, John G Heller
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized clinical study was conducted. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the dose and carrier that were successful in rhesus monkeys could induce consistent radiographic spine fusion in humans. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Preclinical studies have demonstrated that recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2), an osteoinductive bone morphogenetic protein, is successful at generating spine fusion in rabbits and rhesus monkeys...
December 1, 2002: Spine
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