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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326114/minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-characteristics-of-parricide-offenders-with-schizophrenia-in-korea
#1
Sang Yeop Lee, Myung Ho Lim, Jangkyu Lee, Geumsook Shim, Yeon Kim, Jin Ah Do, Soo Jung Lee, Jong Hyuck Choi, Jae Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the personality characteristics in parricide offenders, by using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) test, which is commonly used in clinical medicine. METHODS: A total of 73 parricide offenders with schizophrenia who were admitted to National Forensic Hospital in Gongju city between September 2014 and February 2015, and 104 comparison schizophrenia patients who had been admitted to Dankook University Hospital in Cheonan city the same hospital, completed the Korean version of the MMPI...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289468/the-effect-of-an-educational-intervention-in-family-phisicians-on-self-rated-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms
#2
Vojislav Ivetić, Klemen Pašić, Polona Selič
INTRODUCTION: Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are very common in family medicine, despite being a poorly-defined clinical entity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an educational intervention (EI) on self-rated quality of life, treatment satisfaction, and the family physician-patient relationship in patients with MUS. METHODS: In a multi-centre longitudinal intervention study, which was performed between 2012 and 2014, patients were asked to rate their quality of life, assess their depression, anxiety, stress and somatisation, complete the Hypochondriasis Index, the Medical Interview Satisfaction Scale and the Patient Enablement Instrument for assessing the physician-patient relationship, before and after the EI...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289449/does-personality-play-a-role-in%C3%A2-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-compliance
#3
REVIEW
Emily L Maschauer, Donna M Fairley, Renata L Riha
KEY POINTS: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence is low among individuals with obstructive sleep apnoea.Type D personality and high scores on the depression and hypochondriasis scales on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) have been identified as factors contributing to non-compliance with CPAP.Further research into personality type may assist in understanding why some people adhere to CPAP, while others fail. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a condition characterised by repetitive, intermittent partial or complete collapse/obstruction of the upper airway during sleep...
March 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274027/validity-of-current-treatment-protocols-to-overcome-hypochondriasis
#4
REVIEW
Shrayash Khare, Meher Narain Srivastava
Hypochondriasis has been difficult to define and its classification amongst diseases has been blurred since, time immemorial. Though decades have been passed since its discovery and known to the people that the disorder is of the mind itself, the treatment options are still limited for the disorder and therefore, in dire need of exploration and analysis. Hypochondriasis, also sometimes referred to as health anxiety, is much more common in general health ward than previously accounted for. Thus, an efficient way of its management needs to be formulated and this review article helps to shed out light on the current treatment protocol available for hypochondriasis and their efficacy for the same...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229805/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-health-anxiety-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Kate Cooper, James D Gregory, Ian Walker, Sinead Lambe, Paul M Salkovskis
BACKGROUND: Health anxiety (HA), or hypochondriasis, is a psychological problem characterized by a preoccupation with the belief that one is physically unwell. A 2007 Cochrane review (Thomson and Page, 2007) found cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) to be an effective intervention for individuals with HA. Similar findings were reported in a recent meta-analysis (Olatunji et al., 2014), which did not employ a systematic search strategy. The current review aimed to investigate the efficacy of CBT for HA, and to update the existing reviews...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221900/mental-health-disorders-associated-with-foodborne-pathogens
#6
Declan J Bolton, Lucy J Robertson
Human infections with foodborne pathogenic organisms are relatively well described in terms of their overt physical symptoms, such as diarrhea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, fever, and associated sequelae. Indeed, some of these are key for diagnosis and treatment, although it should be noted that, for some foodborne pathogens, the physical symptoms might be more diffuse, particularly those associated with some of the foodborne parasites. In contrast, the impact of these pathogens on mental health is less well described, and symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and general malaise are usually ignored when foodborne infections are recorded...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220373/body-dysmorphic-disorder-history-and-curiosities
#7
Katlein França, Maria Grazia Roccia, David Castillo, Mana ALHarbi, Georgi Tchernev, Anastasia Chokoeva, Torello Lotti, Massimo Fioranelli
Body dysmorphic disorder is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by excessive preoccupation with an absent or minimal physical deformity. It causes severe distress and impairs normal functioning. In the last centuries, this disorder has been mentioned in the medical literature by important mental health practitioners by different names, such as "dysmorphophobia" or "dermatologic hypochondriasis". However, not until the last century was it included among the obsessive-compulsive disorders, although its classification has changed over time...
February 20, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805984/hypochondriasis-differs-from-panic-disorder-and-social-phobia-specific-processes-identified-within-patient-groups
#8
Volkmar Höfling, Florian Weck
Studies of the comorbidity of hypochondriasis have indicated high rates of cooccurrence with other anxiety disorders. In this study, the contrast among hypochondriasis, panic disorder, and social phobia was investigated using specific processes drawing on cognitive-perceptual models of hypochondriasis. Affective, behavioral, cognitive, and perceptual processes specific to hypochondriasis were assessed with 130 diagnosed participants based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, criteria (66 with hypochondriasis, 32 with panic disorder, and 32 with social phobia)...
March 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765361/aralia-elata-var-mandshurica-rupr-maxim-j-wen-an-overview-of-pharmacological-studies
#9
REVIEW
Alexander N Shikov, Olga N Pozharitskaya, Valery G Makarov
PURPOSE: Aralia elata var. mandshurica (Rupr. & Maxim.) J.Wen syn. A. mandshurica Rupr. & Maxim is evaluated for its medicinal application. The aim of this study is to analyze pharmacological studies on A. elata var. mandshurica published until December 2015. METHODS: The information regarding the chemistry, safety, effectiveness, and pharmacological and clinical effects of A. elata was systematically collected from the scientific literature through library catalogs; online services such as E-library...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749185/personality-disorders-in-hypochondriasis-a-comparison-to-panic-disorder-and-healthy-controls
#10
Florian Weck, Laura Carlotta Nagel, Samantha Richtberg, Julia M B Neng
Previous studies found high prevalence rates of personality disorders (PDs) in patients with hypochondriasis; however, assessment was often based only on questionnaires. In the current study, a sample of 68 patients with hypochondriasis was compared to 31 patients with panic disorder and to 94 healthy controls. Participants were investigated with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders questionnaire (SCID-II questionnaire) and the SCID-II interview. Based on the cut-off scores of the SCID-II questionnaire, we found a prevalence rate of 45...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704405/the-influence-of-interoceptive-awareness-on-functional-connectivity-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#11
Mariachiara Longarzo, M Quarantelli, M Aiello, M Romano, A Del Prete, C Cimminiello, S Cocozza, G Olivo, C Loguercio, L Trojano, D Grossi
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterized by visceral hypersensitivity likely related to altered processing of sensory stimuli along the brain-gut axis. Previous neuroimaging studies demonstrated structural and functional alteration of several brain areas involved in bodily representation, e.g. the insula, in patients with IBS. By means of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) we searched for alteration of functional connectivity within the network involved in self-bodily consciousness...
October 4, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663110/avoidance-in-hypochondriasis
#12
Emily R Doherty-Torstrick, Kate E Walton, Arthur J Barsky, Brian A Fallon
UNLABELLED: The DSM-5 diagnosis of illness anxiety disorder adds avoidance as a component of a behavioral response to illness fears - one that was not present in prior DSM criteria of hypochondriasis. However, maladaptive avoidance as a necessary or useful criterion has yet to be empirically supported. METHODS: 195 individuals meeting DSM-IV criteria for hypochondriasis based on structured interview completed a variety of self-report and clinician-administered assessments...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617512/development-of-the-medical-maximizer-minimizer-scale
#13
Laura D Scherer, Tanner J Caverly, James Burke, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Jeffrey T Kullgren, Douglas Steinley, Denis M McCarthy, Meghan Roney, Angela Fagerlin
OBJECTIVE: Medical over- and underutilization are central problems that stand in the way of delivering optimal health care. As a result, one important question is how people decide to take action, versus not, when it comes to their health. The present article proposes and validates a new measure that captures the extent to which individuals are "medical maximizers" who are predisposed to seek health care even for minor problems, versus "medical minimizers" who prefer to avoid medical intervention unless it is necessary...
November 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541348/cross-national-differences-in-hypochondriasis-symptoms-between-korean-and-american-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#14
Kyung-Ah Judy Chang, Kiwon Kim, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, Jin Pyo Hong, Daniel J H Kim, Jung-Yoon Heo, Hong Choi, Hong Jin Jeon
Hypochondriasis is defined as the tendency to worry excessively about having a serious illness. This study aimed to investigate cross-national differences in hypochondriasis symptoms between Korean and American patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). This study examined 1592 Korean and 3744 American MDD outpatients of age ≥18 years using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) and the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q-SF). Korean MDD patients exhibited significantly higher scores for hypochondriasis than Americans after controlling for total HAM-D scores and demographic variables (p<0...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532367/patient-characteristics-and-patient-behavior-as-predictors-of-outcome-in-cognitive-therapy-and-exposure-therapy-for-hypochondriasis
#15
Samantha Richtberg, Marion Jakob, Volkmar Höfling, Florian Weck
OBJECTIVE: Psychotherapy for hypochondriasis has greatly improved over the last decades and cognitive-behavioral treatments are most promising. However, research on predictors of treatment outcome for hypochondriasis is rare. Possible predictors of treatment outcome in cognitive therapy (CT) and exposure therapy (ET) for hypochondriasis were investigated. METHOD: Characteristics and behaviors of 75 patients were considered as possible predictors: sociodemographic variables (sex, age, and cohabitation); psychopathology (pretreatment hypochondriacal symptoms, comorbid mental disorders, and levels of depression, anxiety, and somatic symptoms); and patient in-session interpersonal behavior...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491531/exposure-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-via-the-internet-and-as-bibliotherapy-for-somatic-symptom-disorder-and-illness-anxiety-disorder-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Erik Hedman, Erland Axelsson, Erik Andersson, Mats Lekander, Brjánn Ljótsson
BACKGROUND: In DSM-5 two new diagnoses, somatic symptom disorder (SSD) and illness anxiety disorder (IAD), have replaced DSM-IV hypochondriasis. There are no previous treatment studies for these disorders. Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) delivered as therapist-guided or unguided internet treatment or as unguided bibliotherapy could be used to increase treatment accessibility. AIMS: To investigate the effect of CBT delivered as guided internet treatment (ICBT), unguided internet treatment (U-ICBT) and as unguided bibliotherapy...
November 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478672/bilateral-orchidopexy-in-a-hypochondriacal-somatic-symptom-disorder-patient-and-determination-of-fitness-for-bilateral-orchidectomy
#17
A U Nwaopara, Erefagha Leonardo P Allagoa
Introduction. DSM-5 identifies two disorders: somatic symptom disorder and illness anxiety disorder, to replace hypochondriasis in DSM-IV. Patients with both disorders are intensely anxious about the possibility of an undiagnosed illness or devote excessive time and energy to health concerns and are not easily reassured. Both disorders cause considerable distress and life disruption, even at moderate levels. However, hypochondriasis (DSM-IV) is an indication for neither orchidopexy nor orchidectomy. This is the rationale for this report which is the first of its kind to the best of available literature...
2016: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477868/patient-satisfaction-and-alliance-as-a-function-of-the-physician-s-self-regulation-the-physician-s-stress-and-the-content-of-consultation-in-cancer-care
#18
A M M De Vries, M M Gholamrezaee, I M Verdonck-de Leeuw, J Passchier, J N Despland, F Stiefel, Y de Roten
OBJECTIVE: To investigate which characteristics of the physician and of the consultation are related to patient satisfaction with communication and working alliance. METHODS: Real-life consultations (n = 134) between patients (n = 134) and their physicians (n = 24) were audio taped. All of the patients were aware of their cancer diagnosis and consulted their physician to discuss the results of tests (CT scans, MRIs or tumour markers) and the progression of their cancer...
July 31, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445356/impact-of-personality-status-on-the-outcomes-and-cost-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-health-anxiety
#19
Rahil Sanatinia, Duolao Wang, Peter Tyrer, Helen Tyrer, Mike Crawford, Sylvia Cooper, Gemma Loebenberg, Barbara Barrett
BACKGROUND: Health anxiety, hypochondriasis and personality disturbance commonly coexist. The impact of personality status was assessed in a secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial (RCT). AIMS: To test the impact of personality status using ICD-11 criteria on the clinical and cost outcomes of treatment with cognitive-behavioural therapy for health anxiety (CBT-HA) and standard care over 2 years. METHOD: Personality dysfunction was assessed at baseline in 444 patients before randomisation and independent assessment of costs and outcomes made on four occasions over 2 years...
September 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441462/fears-coping-styles-and-health-behaviors-a-comparison-of-patients-with-hypochondriasis-panic-disorder-and-depression
#20
Kathrin Schütte, Silja Vocks, Manuel Waldorf
Research into correlates of illness anxiety disorder (formerly hypochondriasis) rarely applies comprehensive assessments of health behavior. Moreover, studies on phenomenological varieties of clinical health anxiety are scarce. We examined health behavior, fear, and acceptance of death and dying, and coping with a hypothetical bodily disease in patients with hypochondriasis, panic disorder, depression, and healthy controls (all groups n = 30) using self-rated questionnaires. ANOVA with Dunnett-T3 post hoc tests revealed no group differences in health behavior...
October 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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