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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899435/optimizing-visits-to-the-site-of-death-for-bereaved-families-after-disasters-and-terrorist-events
#1
Pål Kristensen, Atle Dyregrov, Lars Weisæth, Marianne Straume, Kari Dyregrov, Trond Heir, Renate Grønvold Bugge
In recent years it has been common after disasters and terrorist events to offer bereaved families the opportunity to visit the place where their loved ones died. Many report that such visits are beneficial in processing their loss. Various factors, both cognitive (eg, counteracting disbelief) and existential or emotional (eg, achieving a sense of closeness to the deceased), are associated with the experienced benefit. Nonetheless, exacerbations of trauma and grief reactions (eg, re-enactment fantasies) are common, with some of the bereaved also reporting adverse reactions after the visit...
September 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885932/screening-for-complicated-grief-in-a-military-mental-health-clinic
#2
Eileen M Delaney, Kathryn J Holloway, Derek M Miletich, Jennifer A Webb-Murphy, Nicole M Lanouette
INTRODUCTION: Bereavement is one of the most common and stressful life experiences one can endure. Typical grief reactions follow a course of recovery in which individuals come to terms with the loss and resume functioning within weeks to months. However, for some, grief remains indefinitely distressing. Complicated Grief (CG) refers to significant chronic impairment that stems from bereavement. Military service members experience myriad factors that likely increase their risk for developing CG...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880461/grief-reactions-of-couples-to-perinatal-loss-a-one-year-prospective-follow-up
#3
Ying-Fen Tseng, Hsiu-Rong Cheng, Yu-Ping Chen, Shu-Fei Yang, Pi-Tzu Cheng
BACKGROUND: Perinatal losses are traumatic events in the lives of families and can have serious long-term consequences for the psychological health of parents and any subsequent children. DESIGN: A prospective follow-up study. METHODS: We recruited, at a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan, a convenience sample of 30 couples whose babies either miscarried or were stillborn. At one month (T1), three months (T2), six months (T3), and one year (T4) after the pregnancy loss, all participants completed four questionnaires...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856474/mothers-reactions-to-their-child-s-asd-diagnosis-predictors-that-discriminate-grief-from-distress
#4
Heidi A Wayment, Kristina A Brookshire
We examined whether grief and general distress reactions characterized mothers' reactions to their child's ASD diagnosis, and whether these two types of reactions had unique predictors. Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted on data collected from 362 mothers recruited from the Interactive Autism Network (IAN). The mothers were predominantly white, highly educated, and married. Grief reactions were positively associated with perceiving ASD as a loss and as unjust. Distress was positively associated with previous mental health issues, mothers' reports of their child's aggressive behavior, identity ambiguity, and less social support...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845718/nurses-experiences-of-grief-following-patient-death-a-qualitative-approach
#5
Inaam A Khalaf, Ghadeer Al-Dweik, Hana Abu-Snieneh, Laila Al-Daken, Ruba M Musallam, Mohammad BaniYounis, Rula Al-Rimawi, Atef Hassan Khatib, Abla Habeeb Allah, Maysoun Hussein Atoum, Arwa Masadeh
PURPOSE: To explore the lived experiences of nurses' feelings, emotions, grief reactions, and coping mechanisms following their patients' death. BACKGROUND: On a daily basis, nurses are experiencing patients' death, which exposes them to grief. Nurses' grief has not been sufficiently addressed in practice settings, although it has been a well-known threat to health and work performance. DESIGN: A qualitative design guided by a phenomenological approach was adopted...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762231/-nursing-experience-applying-a-bereavement-counseling-model-on-an-elderly-patient-with-depression
#6
Hsu-Liang Huang, Chin-Hsing Yu
Grief counseling is an effective treatment for those who have experienced a loss. In this case study, therapeutic communication was used as part of a nursing intervention to assist an elderly patient with depression to overcome grief and continue with life. The stage-based Four Tasks of Mourning proposed by William Worden were employed. These tasks include: (1) accepting the reality of the loss; (2) working through the pain of grief; (3) adjusting to a new environment without the deceased; and (4) focusing attention on other relationships...
August 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737261/does-prolonged-grief-treatment-foster-posttraumatic-growth-secondary-results-from-a-treatment-study-with-long-term-follow-up-and-mediation-analysis
#7
Helga Bartl, Maria Hagl, Michaela Kotoučová, Gabriele Pfoh, Rita Rosner
OBJECTIVES: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) is a persistent and disabling kind of grief reaction that can be treated effectively with psychotherapeutic interventions. There has been limited investigation of whether these interventions can also enhance positive outcomes of bereavement, such as posttraumatic growth or benefit finding. DESIGN: As part of secondary analyses in a randomized controlled trial evaluating integrative cognitive-behavioural therapy for PGD (PG-CBT), the posttraumatic growth trajectories in 51 outpatients with clinically relevant prolonged grief symptoms were followed up from baseline up to 1...
July 24, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693475/the-effect-of-patient-death-on-medical-students-in-the-emergency-department
#8
Nicholas J Batley, Rinad Bakhti, Ali Chami, Elsy Jabbour, Rana Bachir, Christopher El Khuri, Afif J Mufarrij
BACKGROUND: The emotional consequences of patient deaths on physicians have been studied in a variety of medical settings. Reactions to patient death include distress, guilt, and grief. Comparatively, there are few studies on the effects of patient death on physicians and residents in the Emergency Department (ED). The ED setting is considered unique for having more sudden deaths that likely include the young and previously healthy and expectations for the clinician to return to a dynamic work environment...
July 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679346/closeness-and-conflict-with-the-deceased-exploring-the-factor-structure-of-the-quality-of-relationships-inventory-in-a-bereaved-student-sample
#9
Jamison S Bottomley, Melissa A Smigelsky, Randy G Floyd, Robert A Neimeyer
With mounting empirical evidence that interpersonal closeness and conflict with the deceased prior to death are significant predictors of grief reactions following loss, accurate empirical examination of these two constructs is of high importance. Despite the utility of the Quality of Relationships Inventory (QRI) in numerous domains of research, the original instrument was not constructed with a predeath, mourner-decedent relationship in mind. Therefore, this study clarified the factor structure of a modified QRI focusing on major dimensions of the predeath relationship with the deceased-dynamics that could have strong implications for the survivor's bereavement trajectory...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620322/the-relationship-of-complex-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-culturally-distinct-conflict-affected-population-a-study-among-west-papuan-refugees-displaced-to-papua-new-guinea
#10
Derrick Silove, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Moses Kareth, Susan Rees
BACKGROUND: Controversy continues about the validity of the construct of complex post-traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD). In particular, questions remain whether C-PTSD can be differentiated from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and, secondarily, other common mental disorders. The examination of these issues needs to be expanded to populations of diverse cultural backgrounds exposed to prolonged persecution. We undertake such an inquiry among a community sample of West Papuan refugees exposed to extensive persecution and trauma...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609249/experience-of-grief-by-patients-with-cancer-in-relation-to-perceptions-of-illness-the-mediating-roles-of-identity-centrality-stigma-induced-discrimination-and-hopefulness
#11
Ilgın Gökler-Danışman, Merve Yalçınay-İnan, İbrahim Yiğit
Diagnosis of cancer leads to multiple losses, all with the potential to initiate grief reactions in patients. The present study aims to contribute to the understanding of the experience of grief by patients with cancer in relation to perceptions of illness, with a focus on the mediating roles of identity centrality, stigma-induced discrimination, and hopefulness. The analyses indicated that these factors functioned as significant partial mediators. The results have implications in terms of supporting patients through the grieving process by working on the meaning of the illness for their identity and improving psychosocial environments to minimize discrimination and facilitate hope...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596909/developing-a-scalable-training-model-in-global-mental-health-pilot-study-of-a-video-assisted-training-program-for-generalist-clinicians-in-rural-nepal
#12
B Acharya, J Tenpa, M Basnet, S Hirachan, P Rimal, N Choudhury, P Thapa, D Citrin, S Halliday, S B Swar, C van Dyke, B Gauchan, B Sharma, E Hung, M Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: In low- and middle-income countries, mental health training often includes sending few generalist clinicians to specialist-led programs for several weeks. Our objective is to develop and test a video-assisted training model addressing the shortcomings of traditional programs that affect scalability: failing to train all clinicians, disrupting clinical services, and depending on specialists. METHODS: We implemented the program -video lectures and on-site skills training- for all clinicians at a rural Nepali hospital...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594192/networks-of-loss-relationships-among-symptoms-of-prolonged-grief-following-spousal-and-parental-loss
#13
Fiona Maccallum, Matteo Malgaroli, George A Bonanno
The death of a loved one can trigger a range of emotional, behavioral, motivational and cognitive reactions collectively labeled as "grief." There has been a recent resurgence of empirical interest in grief reactions, and there is now a general consensus that 7%-10% of bereaved individuals experience intense and chronic reactions termed Prolonged Grief (PG). However, there is ongoing debate about how best to conceptualize the construct. Recent studies have advanced this debate by applying a network, or causal systems approach...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578637/parental-grief-after-offspring-suicide-and-adaptation-to-the-loss-in-japan
#14
Daisuke Kawashima, Kenji Kawano
Several reports have indicated that grief and mental health outcomes of people bereaved by suicide vary by their relationship to the deceased. Parents who have lost offspring experience higher levels of distress than those with other relationships to the deceased. However, there are limited studies investigating the experience of parental bereavement by suicide, and further research is needed. The present study aimed to clarify the differences in grief reactions between bereaved parents and those with other relationships to the deceased in Japan and explore a statistical model of adaptation to the loss...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571061/psychology-of-the-facelift-patient
#15
David Sarcu, Peter Adamson
This paper presents an extensive literature review of the psychology of facelift patients as it has evolved over the past 50 years. Earlier studies revealed significant levels of pre and perioperative depression. Facelift patients generally exhibit emotional and social concerns about facial appearance that are higher than the general population. Many are undergoing midlife situational stresses and may lack the positive characteristics to deal with them. The most common diagnoses seen include depression, impulsivity, unstable personality, and passive dependence, albeit not necessarily serious...
June 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557673/college-student-grief-grief-differences-family-communication-and-family-satisfaction
#16
Chye Hong Liew, Heather L Servaty-Seib
Although family grief communication has received solid research attention, few studies have examined how communication about grief differences among family members may relate to college students' grief experiences and family satisfaction. Online survey data were collected from emerging adults attending college (n = 335) at a large Midwestern university and analyzed using hierarchical multiple regressions. Findings indicated that family communication about grief differences was positively associated with family satisfaction but was not related to individual grief reactions...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504008/maternal-resolution-of-preterm-birth-from-1-to-18-months
#17
Maya Yaari, Inbal Millo, Ayelet Harel-Gadassi, Edwa Friedlander, Benjamin Bar-Oz, Smadar Eventov-Friedman, David Mankuta, Nurit Yirmiya
Preterm birth can be traumatic for some mothers, involving feelings of grief over the hoped-for full-term pregnancy. In this longitudinal study, we interviewed 50 mothers of preterm infants, using the reaction to diagnosis interview when their child was 1 month and 18 months old. We examined change and stability in resolution status over time. Additionally, we explored possible predictors of resolution trajectories between 1 and 18 months. Findings indicated that resolution at 1 month was not yet common...
October 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424058/family-members-of-deceased-palliative-care-patients-receiving-bereavement-anniversary-cards-a-survey-on-the-recipient-s-reactions-and-opinions
#18
Swantje Goebel, Sandra Stephanie Mai, Christina Gerlach, Ulrike Windschmitt, Karl-Heinz Feldmann, Martin Weber
BACKGROUND: Bereavement support is part of palliative care. Sending out bereavement anniversary cards is one intervention of follow-up support for the bereaved. This study evaluated the suitability of bereavement anniversary cards as an appropriate method in bereavement care. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to each card recipient since the starting point of this practice (October 2014-June 2015). Data was analyzed descriptively. RESULTS: 24 of 68 deliverable questionnaires were returned (response rate 35%)...
April 19, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411030/a-critical-and-interpretive-literature-review-of-birthing-women-s-non-elicited-pain-language
#19
Stephanie Power, Fiona E Bogossian, Roland Sussex, Jenny Strong
BACKGROUND: Standardised pain assessment i.e. the McGill Pain Questionnaire provide an elicited pain language. Midwives observe spontaneous non-elicited pain language to guide their assessment of how a woman is coping with labour. This paper examined the labour pain experience using the questions: What type of pain language do women use? Do any of the words match the descriptors of standardised pain assessments? What type of information doverbal and non-verbal cues provide to the midwife? METHODS: A literature search was conducted in 2013...
April 12, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409713/persistent-complex-bereavement-disorder-and-culture-early-and-prolonged-grief-in-nepali-widows
#20
Jane Kim, Wietse A Tol, Abina Shrestha, Hari Maya Kafle, Rajin Rayamajhi, Nagendra P Luitel, Lily Thapa, Pamela J Surkan
OBJECTIVE: Persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), has not been well studied in socioculturally diverse populations. Thus, this qualitative study examined (a) how widows in Nepal understand grief, (b) whether a local construct of PCBD exists, and (c) its comparability with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), terminology. METHODS: Using an adapted Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC) framework, semistructured interviews with 25 widows and 12 key informants, as well as three focus-group discussions (n = 20), were conducted between October 2014 and April 2015...
2017: Psychiatry
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