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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504008/maternal-resolution-of-preterm-birth-from-1-to-18-months
#1
Maya Yaari, Inbal Millo, Ayelet Harel-Gadassi, Edwa Friedlander, Benjamin Bar-Oz, Smadar Eventov-Friedman, David Mankuta, Nurit Yirmiya
Preterm birth can be traumatic for some mothers, involving feelings of grief over the hoped-for full-term pregnancy. In this longitudinal study, we interviewed 50 mothers of preterm infants, using the reaction to diagnosis interview when their child was 1 month and 18 months old. We examined change and stability in resolution status over time. Additionally, we explored possible predictors of resolution trajectories between 1 and 18 months. Findings indicated that resolution at 1 month was not yet common...
May 15, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424058/family-members-of-deceased-palliative-care-patients-receiving-bereavement-anniversary-cards-a-survey-on-the-recipient-s-reactions-and-opinions
#2
Swantje Goebel, Sandra Stephanie Mai, Christina Gerlach, Ulrike Windschmitt, Karl-Heinz Feldmann, Martin Weber
BACKGROUND: Bereavement support is part of palliative care. Sending out bereavement anniversary cards is one intervention of follow-up support for the bereaved. This study evaluated the suitability of bereavement anniversary cards as an appropriate method in bereavement care. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to each card recipient since the starting point of this practice (October 2014-June 2015). Data was analyzed descriptively. RESULTS: 24 of 68 deliverable questionnaires were returned (response rate 35%)...
April 19, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411030/a-critical-and-interpretive-literature-review-of-birthing-women-s-non-elicited-pain-language
#3
Stephanie Power, Fiona E Bogossian, Roland Sussex, Jenny Strong
BACKGROUND: Standardised pain assessment i.e. the McGill Pain Questionnaire provide an elicited pain language. Midwives observe spontaneous non-elicited pain language to guide their assessment of how a woman is coping with labour. This paper examined the labour pain experience using the questions: What type of pain language do women use? Do any of the words match the descriptors of standardised pain assessments? What type of information doverbal and non-verbal cues provide to the midwife? METHODS: A literature search was conducted in 2013...
April 12, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409713/persistent-complex-bereavement-disorder-and-culture-early-and-prolonged-grief-in-nepali-widows
#4
Jane Kim, Wietse A Tol, Abina Shrestha, Hari Maya Kafle, Rajin Rayamajhi, Nagendra P Luitel, Lily Thapa, Pamela J Surkan
OBJECTIVE: Persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), has not been well studied in socioculturally diverse populations. Thus, this qualitative study examined (a) how widows in Nepal understand grief, (b) whether a local construct of PCBD exists, and (c) its comparability with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), terminology. METHODS: Using an adapted Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC) framework, semistructured interviews with 25 widows and 12 key informants, as well as three focus-group discussions (n = 20), were conducted between October 2014 and April 2015...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355991/cautioning-health-care-professionals
#5
Margaret Stroebe, Henk Schut, Kathrin Boerner
Science and practice seem deeply stuck in the so-called stage theory of grief. Health-care professionals continue to "prescribe" stages. Basically, this perspective endorses the idea that bereaved people go through a set pattern of specific reactions over time following the death of a loved one. It has frequently been interpreted prescriptively, as a progression that bereaved persons must follow in order to adapt to loss. It is of paramount importance to assess stage theory, not least in view of the current status of the maladaptive "persistent complex bereavement-related disorder" as a category for further research in DSM-5...
March 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353289/factor-structure-and-concurrent-construct-validity-of-icg-among-bereaved-substance-users
#6
Laura Masferrer, Josep Garre-Olmo, Bea Caparrós
BACKGROUND: It is important to understand the repercussions of Complicated Grief (CG) symptoms in addictions. There are no studies to date which have examined the psychometric properties of any test of bereavement among people with substance use disorder (SUD). Participants with SUD can have a different experience of bereavement from other people and therefore could respond differently to the usual instruments which assess CG symptomatology. METHOD: This study aims to establish the psychometric properties of the Spanish adaption of the Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG) in a sample of 196 bereaved drug dependent patients...
March 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268054/the-nature-of-conflict-in-palliative-care-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-staff-and-family-members
#7
Karemah François, Elizabeth Lobb, Sarah Barclay, Liz Forbat
OBJECTIVES: Conflict is a significant and recurring problem in healthcare. This study aimed to understand staff and relatives' perspectives on the characteristics of conflict and serious disagreement in adult palliative care, including triggers, risk factors and the impact on themselves and clinical care. METHODS: Qualitative study of 25 staff and seven bereaved relatives using individual interviews, recruited from a multidisciplinary specialist palliative care setting in Australia...
February 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239302/parent-grief-1-13-months-after-death-in-neonatal-and-pediatric-intensive-care-units
#8
JoAnne M Youngblut, Dorothy Brooten, Joy Glaze, Teresita Promise, Changwon Yoo
OBJECTIVE: Describe changes in mothers' and fathers' grief from 1 to 13 months after infant/child neonatal/pediatric intensive care unit death and identify factors related to their grief. METHODS: Mothers (n = 130) and fathers (n = 52) of 140 children (newborn-18 years) completed the Hogan Grief Reaction Checklist at 1, 3, 6, and 13 months post-death. RESULTS: Grief decreased from 3 to 13 months for mothers and from 3 to 6 months for fathers...
2017: Journal of Loss & Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195511/changes-in-postmortem-identity-and-grief
#9
Kenneth J Doka
This article reviews the concept of postmortem identity, noting its relationships to other concepts such as relational trauma. Identity is a very fluid concept that can change even after an individual's death as new information becomes available or even as social values change. Such modifications of postmortem identity can affect the course of bereavement-complication reactions to loss.
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086836/an-internet-based-self-help-intervention-for-older-adults-after-marital-bereavement-separation-or-divorce-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Jeannette Brodbeck, Thomas Berger, Hans Joerg Znoj
BACKGROUND: Marital bereavement and separation or divorce are among the most stressful critical life events in later life. These events require a dissolution of social and emotional ties, adjustments in daily routine and changes in identity and perspectives for the future. After a normative grief or distress reaction, most individuals cope well with the loss. However, some develop a prolonged grief reaction. Internet-based self-help interventions have proved beneficial for a broad range of disorders, including complicated grief...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054288/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-complicated-grief-are-common-in-caregivers-of-neuro-icu-patients
#11
Stephen A Trevick, Aaron S Lord
BACKGROUND: To explore the effect of end of life and other palliative decision making scenarios on the mental health of family members of patients in the neuro-intensive care unit. METHODS: Decision makers of patients in the neuro-ICU at a large, urban, academic medical center meeting palliative care triggers were identified from November 10, 2014, to August 27, 2015. Interviews were conducted at 1 and 6 months post-enrollment. At 1 month, the Inventory of Complicated Grief-Revised (ICG-R), Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R), and the Family Satisfaction-ICU (FS-ICU) were performed along with basic demographic questionnaires...
January 4, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042919/trajectories-of-depressive-symptoms-for-bereaved-family-members-of-chronically-ill-patients-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Su Ching Kuo, Jia Ling Sun, Siew Tzuh Tang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To synthesise concepts of distinct depressive-symptom trajectories in published studies by establishing a measurable standard and estimate the prevalence of recategorised trajectories for bereaved families of chronically ill patients. BACKGROUND: Grieving is a dynamic/individualised process. In studies treating depressive-symptom trajectories as heterogeneous, different criteria were used to identify distinct trajectories, resulting in inconsistent findings...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042762/-grief-in-children-und-adolescents-as-a-result-of-acute-traumatization
#13
Barbara Juen, Manuela Werth, Ruth Warger, Sandra Nindl
Grief in Children und Adolescents as a Result of Acute Traumatization Specifities of grief in children after trauma will be presented as well as potential reactions to acute traumatization and resulting needs of children and adolescents in order to discuss adequate interventions.
January 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996983/-complicated-grief-in-dsm-5-era
#14
Claudia Carmassi, Ciro Conversano, Marialisa Pinori, Carlo Antonio Bertelloni, Riccardo Dalle Luche, Camilla Gesi, Liliana Dell'Osso
An increasing number of data has been recently focused on recognizing pathological grief reactions and on the distinction from physiological processes. Particularly, several studies have supported Complicated Grief (CG) as an independent disorder, in order to define the failure of spontaneous physiological mourning resolution. Upon these studies, the latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) with the name of "Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder". This article aims at retracing the history of clinical research about the physiological and psychopathological processes related to grief and aims at presenting the main scientific studies that have described the features of the CG defining it as a distinct disorder...
November 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879552/the-impact-of-complicated-grief-on-diurnal-cortisol-levels-two-years-after-loss-a-population-based-study
#15
Heidi C Saavedra Pérez, Nese Direk, Jelena Milic, Mohammed Arfan Ikram, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have focused on the effect of complicated grief-unresolved and prolonged grief-on the neuroendocrine systems. The present study examined the association of complicated grief and normal grief with the diurnal cortisol patterns in a large population-based study. METHODS: This study was set in the Rotterdam Study and comprised 2084 persons aged older than 55 years (mean [SD] age, 64.9 [5.5] years). Participants were assessed with the Complicated Grief Inventory and classified into no grief (n = 1922), normal grief (n = 131), or complicated grief (n = 31) if they experienced the loss in the past 2 years...
May 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856683/the-challenging-experience-questionnaire-characterization-of-challenging-experiences-with-psilocybin-mushrooms
#16
Frederick S Barrett, Matthew P Bradstreet, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos, Matthew W Johnson, Roland R Griffiths
Acute adverse psychological reactions to classic hallucinogens ("bad trips" or "challenging experiences"), while usually benign with proper screening, preparation, and support in controlled settings, remain a safety concern in uncontrolled settings (such as illicit use contexts). Anecdotal and case reports suggest potential adverse acute symptoms including affective (panic, depressed mood), cognitive (confusion, feelings of losing sanity), and somatic (nausea, heart palpitation) symptoms. Responses to items from several hallucinogen-sensitive questionnaires (Hallucinogen Rating Scale, the States of Consciousness Questionnaire, and the Five-Dimensional Altered States of Consciousness questionnaire) in an Internet survey of challenging experiences with the classic hallucinogen psilocybin were used to construct and validate a Challenging Experience Questionnaire...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809377/differences-in-posttraumatic-growth-and-grief-reactions-among-adolescents-by-relationship-with-the-deceased
#17
Kayo Hirooka, Hiroki Fukahori, Miwa Ozawa, Yumi Akita
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine three hypotheses: (1) adolescents who had experienced the death of a parent would report higher grief reactions than those who had lost a grandparent; (2) adolescents who experienced the death of a parent would report higher posttraumatic growth than those who had lost a grandparent; and (3) posttraumatic growth and grief reactions are positively associated. BACKGROUND: To date, no study has investigated adolescents' posttraumatic growth by their relationship with the deceased...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602803/culinary-grief-therapy-cooking-for-one-series
#18
Heather L Nickrand, Cara M Brock
BACKGROUND: Although loss of loved ones is a universal experience, individuals who experience this loss grieve in different ways. Complicated grief involves the development of trauma symptoms, such as flashbacks, anxiety, and fear associated with daily activities after a death that disrupts the healthy grieving process. Daily activities such as eating, meal planning, grocery shopping, managing finances, and household maintenance can become painful and isolating for those experiencing complicated grief...
February 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573421/the-role-of-grief-symptoms-and-a-sense-of-injustice-in-the-pathways-to-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-post-conflict-timor-leste
#19
A K Tay, S Rees, Z Steel, B Liddell, A Nickerson, N Tam, D Silove
AIMS: Grief symptoms and a sense of injustice may be interrelated responses amongst persons exposed to mass conflict and both reactions may contribute to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. As yet, however, there is a dearth of data examining these relationships. Our study examined the contributions of grief and a sense of injustice to a model of PTSD symptoms that included the established determinants of trauma events, ongoing adversity and severe psychological distress. The study involved a large population sample (n = 2964, response rate: 82...
August 30, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573086/supporting-the-grieving-child-and-family
#20
David J Schonfeld, Thomas Demaria
The death of someone close to a child often has a profound and lifelong effect on the child and results in a range of both short- and long-term reactions. Pediatricians, within a patient-centered medical home, are in an excellent position to provide anticipatory guidance to caregivers and to offer assistance and support to children and families who are grieving. This clinical report offers practical suggestions on how to talk with grieving children to help them better understand what has happened and its implications and to address any misinformation, misinterpretations, or misconceptions...
September 2016: Pediatrics
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