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grief reaction

Heather L Nickrand, Cara M Brock
BACKGROUND: Although loss of loved ones is a universal experience, individuals who experience this loss grieve in different ways. Complicated grief involves the development of trauma symptoms, such as flashbacks, anxiety, and fear associated with daily activities after a death that disrupts the healthy grieving process. Daily activities such as eating, meal planning, grocery shopping, managing finances, and household maintenance can become painful and isolating for those experiencing complicated grief...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
A K Tay, S Rees, Z Steel, B Liddell, A Nickerson, N Tam, D Silove
AIMS: Grief symptoms and a sense of injustice may be interrelated responses amongst persons exposed to mass conflict and both reactions may contribute to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. As yet, however, there is a dearth of data examining these relationships. Our study examined the contributions of grief and a sense of injustice to a model of PTSD symptoms that included the established determinants of trauma events, ongoing adversity and severe psychological distress. The study involved a large population sample (n = 2964, response rate: 82...
August 30, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
David J Schonfeld, Thomas Demaria
The death of someone close to a child often has a profound and lifelong effect on the child and results in a range of both short- and long-term reactions. Pediatricians, within a patient-centered medical home, are in an excellent position to provide anticipatory guidance to caregivers and to offer assistance and support to children and families who are grieving. This clinical report offers practical suggestions on how to talk with grieving children to help them better understand what has happened and its implications and to address any misinformation, misinterpretations, or misconceptions...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Leeat Granek, Monika K Krzyzanowska, Ora Nakash, Michal Cohen, Samuel Ariad, Lisa Barbera, Rotem Levy, Merav Ben-David
BACKGROUND: The current study was conducted to examine gender differences in the effect of grief reactions and burnout on emotional distress among clinical oncologists. METHODS: The participants included a convenience sample of 178 oncologists from Israel (52 of whom were women) and Canada (48 of whom were women). Oncologists completed a questionnaire package that included a sociodemographic survey, the General Health Questionnaire, a burnout measure, and the Adult Oncologists Grief Questionnaire...
August 10, 2016: Cancer
Bao-Huan Yang, Pei-Fan Mu, Wen-Sheng Wang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To probe into parents' anticipatory loss of school-age children with Type I or II spinal muscular atrophy. BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy is a rare disorder that causes death. Children die early due to either gradual atrophy or an infection of the lungs. Therefore, family members experience anticipatory loss, which causes grief before the actual loss. Family members feel physically and mentally exhausted, which results in a family crisis...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Marcia S Stevens, Susan O'Conner-Von
Adolescents who struggle with trichotillomania (TTM; hairpulling disorder) are not alone, their parents also struggle. The focus of this qualitative study was to identify what parents (N = 30) perceive as stressful about parenting an adolescent with TTM and how they cope with these stressors. Parents described uncertainty about the course of the disorder and powerlessness in the ability to protect their adolescent from the reactions of others or assist them in curtailing the hairpulling as very distressing...
July 25, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Ceilidh Eaton Russell, Eric Bouffet, John Beaton, Susan Lollis
Psychosocial research about childhood brain tumors is limited because of varied abilities and prognoses, with children's voices largely absent. Research has focused on the impacts on families and their reactions; this qualitative study used constructivist grounded theory methods to explore experiences of childhood brain tumors from the perspectives of 12 children and 12 parents using semistructured interviews. Their stories illustrated efforts to maintain positivity and normalcy as they faced grief and uncertainty...
September 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Cheryl Cheek, Robin G Yaure
A qualitative study of 24 quilters examined their experiences creating and delivering quilts to wounded service members who served in the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts. Using Erikson's (1963) perspective on generativity and Baumeister and Vohs's (2002) theory of motivation as theoretical frameworks, along with McCracken's (1988) five-step analysis model, we looked at the part motivation played in this process. The results were that respondents wanted to supply quilts in response to their own family histories of military involvement, to support friends/acquaintances with family in the military, and to make a difference to those who seemed young and badly wounded...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
(no author information available yet)
How should nurses help clients deal with grief following the loss of an animal? Grief following the death of a pet can be significant, but such reactions can be viewed as abnormal by family, friends and professionals. Mental health training team leader Bronwen Williams and veterinary surgeon Rebecca Green, writing in Mental Health Practice, say that a lack of understanding can compound grief. Simply acknowledging the significance of the loss is key.
June 22, 2016: Nursing Standard
Marc Trabsky, Paula Baron
This article is placed within the wider context of lawyer wellbeing research, which evidences abnormally high levels of depression, substance abuse and suicide among the legal profession. To date, however, relatively few works have sought to explore the phenomenon of lawyer distress in particular segments of the legal services industry. This article seeks to explore and understand the affective experiences of legal professionals working in the coronial jurisdiction. It examines the ways in which solicitors, barristers and coroners negotiate grief and trauma in the performance of a public role...
March 2016: Journal of Law and Medicine
Tuomas Eerola, Henna-Riikka Peltola
Reactions to memorable experiences of sad music were studied by means of a survey administered to a convenience (N = 1577), representative (N = 445), and quota sample (N = 414). The survey explored the reasons, mechanisms, and emotions of such experiences. Memorable experiences linked with sad music typically occurred in relation to extremely familiar music, caused intense and pleasurable experiences, which were accompanied by physiological reactions and positive mood changes in about a third of the participants...
2016: PloS One
Paul A Boelen, Albert Reijntjes, A A A Manik J Djelantik, Geert E Smid
This study sought to identify (a) subgroups among people confronted with unnatural/violent loss characterized by different symptoms profiles of prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and depression, and (b) socio-demographic, loss-related, and cognitive variables associated with subgroup membership. We used data from 245 individuals confronted with the death of a loved one due to an accident (47.3%), suicide (49%) or homicide (3.7%). Latent class analysis revealed three classes of participants: a resilient-class (25...
June 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Pål Kristensen, Kari Dyregrov, Atle Dyregrov, Trond Heir
BACKGROUND: After terror attacks, the media coverage can be a potential secondary stressor for bereaved families. In the present study, we aimed to examine the level of prolonged grief (PG), and to explore the association between media exposure and PG in parents and siblings of individuals who were killed in a terror attack. METHOD: Parents and siblings (n = 103) from 42 different families bereaved by the 2011 Utøya Island mass shooting participated in a survey 18 months after the attack...
March 28, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Reza Negarandeh, Farhad Zamani, Angela Hamidia, Ali Zabihi
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis B is the most prevalent type of viral hepatitis. Psychological reactions among patients with hepatitis B infection is considerably different and affects their decision about treating and following up the disease. The present study aims at explaining the psychological demonstrations experienced by these patients. METHODS: In this qualitative study, a total of 18 patients with hepatitis B (8 women and 10 men) were selected by purposive sampling method...
March 2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
Erna Olafson, Barbara W Boat, Karen T Putnam, Lacey Thieken, Monique T Marrow, Frank W Putnam
We describe a multiyear pilot dissemination of a trauma-focused group treatment, Trauma and Grief Component Therapy for Adolescents, coupled with a trauma-informed staff training, Think Trauma, to six residential juvenile justice (JJ) facilities. All staff members were trained in Think Trauma. Seventy-seven youth from four facilities completed the treatment groups and 69 completed all pre- and postgroup assessment measures. The aims of this study were to determine whether trauma-focused interventions (a) could be implemented in complex JJ systems, (b) would be associated with a decrease in posttraumatic symptoms and reactions in youth, and (c) might contribute to reduced Incident Reports in facilities...
February 12, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Hiroyuki Otani, Miwa Ozawa, Tatsuya Morita, Ayako Kawami, Sahana Sharma, Keiko Shiraishi, Akira Oshima
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted on the experiences of children of terminally ill patients or hospital-based medical professionals supporting such children. AIM: This study explored distress among individuals whose parents died of cancer in childhood and among hospital-based medical professionals supporting such children. DESIGN: A qualitative study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: The sample was 12 adults whose parents had died of cancer in childhood and 20 hospital-based medical professionals supporting children of patients' with terminal cancer...
February 4, 2016: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
Gro Frivold, Åshild Slettebø, Bjørg Dale
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To illuminate relatives' experiences of everyday life after a loved one's stay in an intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: Relatives of intensive care patients experience considerable stress that can have a long-lasting effect on their everyday lives. Relatives frequently report anxiety, depression and complicated grief as a result of their experiences in the intensive care unit. DESIGN: A qualitative design was chosen. METHODS: Thirteen relatives were interviewed 3 months to 1 year after the discharge or death of an intensive care unit patient...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Babak Moayedoddin, John C Markowitz
Grief, the psychological reaction to the loss of a significant other, varies complexly in its cause, experience, evolution, and prognosis. Although most bereaved individuals experience a normal grieving process, some develop complicated grief (CG) or major depressive disorder (MDD). The DSM-5, which controversially altered the nosology, recognizes grief-related major depression (GRMD) as a diagnostic subtype if a patient meets MDD criteria two weeks post bereavement. The (DSM-5) tries to distinguish between grief and MDD, but remains a symptom-based, centered approach to grief that is not patient centered...
2015: American Journal of Psychotherapy
Meredith A Claycomb, Ruby Charak, Julie Kaplow, Christopher M Layne, Robert Pynoos, Jon D Elhai
Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder (PCBD) is a newly proposed diagnosis placed in the Appendix of the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as an invitation for further research. To date, no studies have examined the dimensionality of PCBD or explored whether different PCBD criteria domains relate in similar, versus differential, ways to other psychological conditions common to war-exposed bereaved youth, including symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and depression...
October 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Catherine Duncan, Joanne Cacciatore
This is the first systematic review of the evidence on the prevalence of self-blame, guilt, and shame in bereaved parents. A search of PsychINFO, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PubMed, and Science Direct resulted in 18 studies for the period 1975 to 2013 which the authors have appraised. Self-blame, guilt, and shame are common in bereaved parents, albeit to varying degrees, with differential relationships to sex, and diminishing over time. There is some evidence that guilt and shame predict more intense grief reactions and that self-blame predicts posttraumatic symptomology, anxiety, and depression in bereaved parents...
2015: Omega
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