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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268054/the-nature-of-conflict-in-palliative-care-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-staff-and-family-members
#1
Karemah François, Elizabeth Lobb, Sarah Barclay, Liz Forbat
OBJECTIVES: Conflict is a significant and recurring problem in healthcare. This study aimed to understand staff and relatives' perspectives on the characteristics of conflict and serious disagreement in adult palliative care, including triggers, risk factors and the impact on themselves and clinical care. METHODS: Qualitative study of 25 staff and seven bereaved relatives using individual interviews, recruited from a multidisciplinary specialist palliative care setting in Australia...
February 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239302/parent-grief-1-13-months-after-death-in-neonatal-and-pediatric-intensive-care-units
#2
JoAnne M Youngblut, Dorothy Brooten, Joy Glaze, Teresita Promise, Changwon Yoo
OBJECTIVE: Describe changes in mothers' and fathers' grief from 1 to 13 months after infant/child neonatal/pediatric intensive care unit death and identify factors related to their grief. METHODS: Mothers (n = 130) and fathers (n = 52) of 140 children (newborn-18 years) completed the Hogan Grief Reaction Checklist at 1, 3, 6, and 13 months post-death. RESULTS: Grief decreased from 3 to 13 months for mothers and from 3 to 6 months for fathers...
2017: Journal of Loss & Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195511/changes-in-postmortem-identity-and-grief
#3
Kenneth J Doka
This article reviews the concept of postmortem identity, noting its relationships to other concepts such as relational trauma. Identity is a very fluid concept that can change even after an individual's death as new information becomes available or even as social values change. Such modifications of postmortem identity can affect the course of bereavement-complication reactions to loss.
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086836/an-internet-based-self-help-intervention-for-older-adults-after-marital-bereavement-separation-or-divorce-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Jeannette Brodbeck, Thomas Berger, Hans Joerg Znoj
BACKGROUND: Marital bereavement and separation or divorce are among the most stressful critical life events in later life. These events require a dissolution of social and emotional ties, adjustments in daily routine and changes in identity and perspectives for the future. After a normative grief or distress reaction, most individuals cope well with the loss. However, some develop a prolonged grief reaction. Internet-based self-help interventions have proved beneficial for a broad range of disorders, including complicated grief...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054288/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-complicated-grief-are-common-in-caregivers-of-neuro-icu-patients
#5
Stephen A Trevick, Aaron S Lord
BACKGROUND: To explore the effect of end of life and other palliative decision making scenarios on the mental health of family members of patients in the neuro-intensive care unit. METHODS: Decision makers of patients in the neuro-ICU at a large, urban, academic medical center meeting palliative care triggers were identified from November 10, 2014, to August 27, 2015. Interviews were conducted at 1 and 6 months post-enrollment. At 1 month, the Inventory of Complicated Grief-Revised (ICG-R), Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R), and the Family Satisfaction-ICU (FS-ICU) were performed along with basic demographic questionnaires...
January 4, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042919/trajectories-of-depressive-symptoms-for-bereaved-family-members-of-chronically-ill-patients-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Su Ching Kuo, Jia Ling Sun, Siew Tzuh Tang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To synthesise concepts of distinct depressive-symptom trajectories in published studies by establishing a measurable standard and estimate the prevalence of recategorised trajectories for bereaved families of chronically ill patients. BACKGROUND: Grieving is a dynamic/individualised process. In studies treating depressive-symptom trajectories as heterogeneous, different criteria were used to identify distinct trajectories, resulting in inconsistent findings...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042762/-grief-in-children-und-adolescents-as-a-result-of-acute-traumatization
#7
Barbara Juen, Manuela Werth, Ruth Warger, Sandra Nindl
Grief in Children und Adolescents as a Result of Acute Traumatization Specifities of grief in children after trauma will be presented as well as potential reactions to acute traumatization and resulting needs of children and adolescents in order to discuss adequate interventions.
January 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996983/-complicated-grief-in-dsm-5-era
#8
Claudia Carmassi, Ciro Conversano, Marialisa Pinori, Carlo Antonio Bertelloni, Riccardo Dalle Luche, Camilla Gesi, Liliana Dell'Osso
An increasing number of data has been recently focused on recognizing pathological grief reactions and on the distinction from physiological processes. Particularly, several studies have supported Complicated Grief (CG) as an independent disorder, in order to define the failure of spontaneous physiological mourning resolution. Upon these studies, the latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) with the name of "Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder". This article aims at retracing the history of clinical research about the physiological and psychopathological processes related to grief and aims at presenting the main scientific studies that have described the features of the CG defining it as a distinct disorder...
November 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879552/the-impact-of-complicated-grief-on-diurnal-cortisol-levels-two-years-after-loss-a-population-based-study
#9
Heidi C Saavedra Pérez, Nese Direk, Jelena Milic, Mohammed Arfan Ikram, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have focused on the effect of complicated grief-unresolved and prolonged grief-on the neuroendocrine systems. The present study examined the association of complicated grief and normal grief with the diurnal cortisol patterns in a large population-based study. METHODS: This study was set in the Rotterdam Study and comprised 2084 persons aged older than 55 years (mean [SD] age, 64.9 [5.5] years). Participants were assessed with the Complicated Grief Inventory and classified into no grief (n = 1922), normal grief (n = 131), or complicated grief (n = 31) if they experienced the loss in the past 2 years...
November 22, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856683/the-challenging-experience-questionnaire-characterization-of-challenging-experiences-with-psilocybin-mushrooms
#10
Frederick S Barrett, Matthew P Bradstreet, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos, Matthew W Johnson, Roland R Griffiths
Acute adverse psychological reactions to classic hallucinogens ("bad trips" or "challenging experiences"), while usually benign with proper screening, preparation, and support in controlled settings, remain a safety concern in uncontrolled settings (such as illicit use contexts). Anecdotal and case reports suggest potential adverse acute symptoms including affective (panic, depressed mood), cognitive (confusion, feelings of losing sanity), and somatic (nausea, heart palpitation) symptoms. Responses to items from several hallucinogen-sensitive questionnaires (Hallucinogen Rating Scale, the States of Consciousness Questionnaire, and the Five-Dimensional Altered States of Consciousness questionnaire) in an Internet survey of challenging experiences with the classic hallucinogen psilocybin were used to construct and validate a Challenging Experience Questionnaire...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809377/differences-in-posttraumatic-growth-and-grief-reactions-among-adolescents-by-relationship-with-the-deceased
#11
Kayo Hirooka, Hiroki Fukahori, Miwa Ozawa, Yumi Akita
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine three hypotheses: (1) adolescents who had experienced the death of a parent would report higher grief reactions than those who had lost a grandparent; (2) adolescents who experienced the death of a parent would report higher posttraumatic growth than those who had lost a grandparent; and (3) posttraumatic growth and grief reactions are positively associated. BACKGROUND: To date, no study has investigated adolescents' posttraumatic growth by their relationship with the deceased...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602803/culinary-grief-therapy-cooking-for-one-series
#12
Heather L Nickrand, Cara M Brock
BACKGROUND: Although loss of loved ones is a universal experience, individuals who experience this loss grieve in different ways. Complicated grief involves the development of trauma symptoms, such as flashbacks, anxiety, and fear associated with daily activities after a death that disrupts the healthy grieving process. Daily activities such as eating, meal planning, grocery shopping, managing finances, and household maintenance can become painful and isolating for those experiencing complicated grief...
February 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573421/the-role-of-grief-symptoms-and-a-sense-of-injustice-in-the-pathways-to-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-post-conflict-timor-leste
#13
A K Tay, S Rees, Z Steel, B Liddell, A Nickerson, N Tam, D Silove
AIMS: Grief symptoms and a sense of injustice may be interrelated responses amongst persons exposed to mass conflict and both reactions may contribute to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. As yet, however, there is a dearth of data examining these relationships. Our study examined the contributions of grief and a sense of injustice to a model of PTSD symptoms that included the established determinants of trauma events, ongoing adversity and severe psychological distress. The study involved a large population sample (n = 2964, response rate: 82...
August 30, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573086/supporting-the-grieving-child-and-family
#14
David J Schonfeld, Thomas Demaria
The death of someone close to a child often has a profound and lifelong effect on the child and results in a range of both short- and long-term reactions. Pediatricians, within a patient-centered medical home, are in an excellent position to provide anticipatory guidance to caregivers and to offer assistance and support to children and families who are grieving. This clinical report offers practical suggestions on how to talk with grieving children to help them better understand what has happened and its implications and to address any misinformation, misinterpretations, or misconceptions...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509210/gender-differences-in-the-effect-of-grief-reactions-and-burnout-on-emotional-distress-among-clinical-oncologists
#15
Leeat Granek, Monika K Krzyzanowska, Ora Nakash, Michal Cohen, Samuel Ariad, Lisa Barbera, Rotem Levy, Merav Ben-David
BACKGROUND: The current study was conducted to examine gender differences in the effect of grief reactions and burnout on emotional distress among clinical oncologists. METHODS: The participants included a convenience sample of 178 oncologists from Israel (52 of whom were women) and Canada (48 of whom were women). Oncologists completed a questionnaire package that included a sociodemographic survey, the General Health Questionnaire, a burnout measure, and the Adult Oncologists Grief Questionnaire...
August 10, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477332/the-experiences-of-families-living-with-the-anticipatory-loss-of-a-school-age-child-with-spinal-muscular-atrophy-the-parents-perspectives
#16
Bao-Huan Yang, Pei-Fan Mu, Wen-Sheng Wang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To probe into parents' anticipatory loss of school-age children with Type I or II spinal muscular atrophy. BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy is a rare disorder that causes death. Children die early due to either gradual atrophy or an infection of the lungs. Therefore, family members experience anticipatory loss, which causes grief before the actual loss. Family members feel physically and mentally exhausted, which results in a family crisis...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457154/parent-coping-with-adolescent-trichotillomania
#17
Marcia S Stevens, Susan O'Conner-Von
Adolescents who struggle with trichotillomania (TTM; hairpulling disorder) are not alone, their parents also struggle. The focus of this qualitative study was to identify what parents (N = 30) perceive as stressful about parenting an adolescent with TTM and how they cope with these stressors. Parents described uncertainty about the course of the disorder and powerlessness in the ability to protect their adolescent from the reactions of others or assist them in curtailing the hairpulling as very distressing...
December 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435121/balancing-grief-and-survival-experiences-of-children-with-brain-tumors-and-their-parents
#18
Ceilidh Eaton Russell, Eric Bouffet, John Beaton, Susan Lollis
Psychosocial research about childhood brain tumors is limited because of varied abilities and prognoses, with children's voices largely absent. Research has focused on the impacts on families and their reactions; this qualitative study used constructivist grounded theory methods to explore experiences of childhood brain tumors from the perspectives of 12 children and 12 parents using semistructured interviews. Their stories illustrated efforts to maintain positivity and normalcy as they faced grief and uncertainty...
September 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399606/quilting-as-a-generative-activity-studying-those-who-make-quilts-for-wounded-service-members
#19
Cheryl Cheek, Robin G Yaure
A qualitative study of 24 quilters examined their experiences creating and delivering quilts to wounded service members who served in the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts. Using Erikson's (1963) perspective on generativity and Baumeister and Vohs's (2002) theory of motivation as theoretical frameworks, along with McCracken's (1988) five-step analysis model, we looked at the part motivation played in this process. The results were that respondents wanted to supply quilts in response to their own family histories of military involvement, to support friends/acquaintances with family in the military, and to make a difference to those who seemed young and badly wounded...
January 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27332617/the-death-of-an-animal-should-be-acknowledged
#20
(no author information available yet)
How should nurses help clients deal with grief following the loss of an animal? Grief following the death of a pet can be significant, but such reactions can be viewed as abnormal by family, friends and professionals. Mental health training team leader Bronwen Williams and veterinary surgeon Rebecca Green, writing in Mental Health Practice, say that a lack of understanding can compound grief. Simply acknowledging the significance of the loss is key.
June 22, 2016: Nursing Standard
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