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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818821/patient-participation-at-health-care-conferences-engaged-patients-increase-information-flow-expand-propagation-and-deepen-engagement-in-the-conversation-of-tweets-compared-to-physicians-or-researchers
#1
Audun Utengen, Dara Rouholiman, Jamison G Gamble, Francisco Jose Grajales Iii, Nisha Pradhan, Alicia C Staley, Liza Bernstein, Sean D Young, Kevin A Clauson, Larry F Chu
BACKGROUND: Health care conferences present a unique opportunity to network, spark innovation, and disseminate novel information to a large audience, but the dissemination of information typically stays within very specific networks. Social network analysis can be adopted to understand the flow of information between virtual social communities and the role of patients within the network. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to examine the impact engaged patients bring to health care conference social media information flow and how they expand dissemination and distribution of tweets compared to other health care conference stakeholders such as physicians and researchers...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817951/cessation-related-information-motivation-and-behavioral-skills-in-smokers-living-with-hiv
#2
Daniel Shirley, Laura Thibodeau, Sheryl L Catz, Katryna McCoy, Douglas E Jorenby, Nasia Safdar, James M Sosman
There is a need for new, targeted smoking cessation interventions for smokers living with HIV. The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model has been applied effectively to HIV-related health behaviors and was used in this qualitative study to elicit factors that could lead to the development of innovative and successful cessation interventions for this population. Twenty individuals who smoked from two clinics providing care to people living with HIV participated in open-ended interviews, responding to questions covering the domains of the IMB model, as applied to smokers living with HIV...
August 17, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816910/acceptability-of-group-visits-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-pediatric-clinics
#3
Nerissa S Bauer, Nina Azer, Paula D Sullivan, Dorota Szczepaniak, Sarah M Stelzner, Stephen M Downs, Aaron E Carroll
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have ongoing needs that impair home and school functioning. Group visit models are a promising way to deliver timely parenting support but family and provider acceptance has not previously been examined. The objective was to describe the acceptability of ADHD group visits in busy pediatric clinics based on caregivers, child participants and facilitators. METHODS: Data were analyzed from school-age children and caregivers who participated in one of two 12-month long randomized controlled studies of the ADHD group visit model from 2012 to 2013 or 2014 to 2015...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816774/practitioner-gender-and-quality-of-care-in-ambulatory-cardiology-practices-a-report-from-the-national-cardiovascular-data-practice-innovation-and-clinical-excellence-pinnacle-registry
#4
Dipti Gupta, Fengming Tang, Frederick A Masoudi, Philip G Jones, Paul S Chan, Stacie L Daugherty
BACKGROUND: Some studies suggest that female practitioners are more likely to provide guideline-concordant care than male practitioners; however, little is known about the role of practitioner gender in cardiology. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to measure the association between practitioner gender and adherence to the cardiovascular performance measures in the American College of Cardiology's ambulatory Practice Innovation and Clinical Excellence Registry...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816629/a-cascade-model-of-mentorship-for-frontline-health-workers-in-rural-health-facilities-in-eastern-uganda-processes-achievements-and-lessons
#5
Judith Ajeani, Richard Mangwi Ayiasi, Moses Tetui, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Gertrude Namazzi, Ronald Muhumuza Kananura, Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya
BACKGROUND: There is increasing demand for trainers to shift from traditional didactic training to innovative approaches that are more results-oriented. Mentorship is one such approach that could bridge the clinical knowledge gap among health workers. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the experiences of an attempt to improve health-worker performance in maternal and newborn health in three rural districts through a mentoring process using the cascade model. The paper further highlights achievements and lessons learnt during implementation of the cascade model...
August 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813635/standardization-and-scaling-of-a-community-based-palliative-care-model
#6
Janet Bull, Arif H Kamal, Matthew Harker, Donald H Taylor, Lindsay Bonsignore, John Morris, Lisa Massie, Parampal Singh Bhullar, Mary Howell, Mark Hendrix, Deeana Bennett, Amy Abernethy
BACKGROUND: Although limited, the descriptions of Community-Based Palliative Care (CBPC) demonstrates variability in team structures, eligibility, and standardization across care settings. OBJECTIVE: In 2014, Four Seasons Compassion for Life, a nonprofit hospice and palliative care (PC) organization in Western North Carolina (WNC), was awarded a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Health Care Innovation (CMMI) Award to expand upon their existing innovative model to implement, evaluate, and demonstrate CBPC in the United States...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809740/early-successes-in-an-open-access-provincially-funded-hepatitis-c-treatment-program-in-prince-edward-island
#7
Daniel Smyth, Jordan W Francheville, Robin Rankin, Jeremy Beck, Connie Hoare, Stefanie Materniak, Greg German, Lisa Barrett, Natalie Bunimov-Wall
INTRODUCTION: The availability of curative hepatitis C therapies has created an opportunity to improve delivery and access. Local providers, government, industry, and community groups in Prince Edward Island developed an innovative province-wide care model. Our goal was to describe the first year of program implementation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using a community based prospective observational study design, all chronic hepatitis C referrals received from April 2015 to April 2016 were recorded in a database...
August 8, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806934/development-and-evaluation-of-the-content-validity-practicability-and-feasibility-of-the-innovative-dementia-oriented-assessment-system-for-challenging-behaviour-in-residents-with-dementia
#8
Margareta Halek, Daniela Holle, Sabine Bartholomeyczik
BACKGROUND: One of the most difficult issues for care staff is the manifestation of challenging behaviour among residents with dementia. The first step in managing this type of behaviour is analysing its triggers. A structured assessment instrument can facilitate this process and may improve carers' management of the situation. This paper describes the development of an instrument designed for this purpose and an evaluation of its content validity and its feasibility and practicability in nursing homes...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806908/changing-the-default-for-tobacco-cessation-treatment-in-an-inpatient-setting-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Babalola Faseru, Edward F Ellerbeck, Delwyn Catley, Byron J Gajewski, Taneisha S Scheuermann, Theresa I Shireman, Laura M Mussulman, Niaman Nazir, Terry Bush, Kimber P Richter
BACKGROUND: Most health care providers do not treat tobacco dependence routinely. This may in part be due to the treatment "default." Current treatment guidelines recommend that providers (1) ask patients if they are willing to quit and (2) provide cessation-focused medications and counseling only to smokers who state that they are willing to quit. The default is that patients have to "opt in" to receive cessation assistance: providers ask smokers if they are willing to quit, and only offer medications and cessation support to those who say "yes...
August 14, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805175/outcomes-of-a-psycho-education-and-monitoring-programme-to-prevent-compulsory-admission-to-psychiatric-inpatient-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
B Lay, W Kawohl, W Rössler
BACKGROUND: There is a need for interventions that effectively reduce compulsory admission to psychiatry. We conducted a randomised controlled trial to investigate whether an innovative intervention programme prevents compulsory re-admission in people with serious mental illness. METHODS: The programme addresses primarily patients' self-management skills. It consists of individualised psychoeducation focusing on behaviours prior to and during illness-related crises, crisis cards and, after discharge from the psychiatric hospital, a 24-month preventive monitoring...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803081/building-an-outpatient-kidney-palliative-care-clinical-program
#11
Jennifer S Scherer, Rebecca Wright, Caroline S Blaum, Stephen P Wall
CONTEXT: A diagnosis of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), or end stage renal disease (ESRD) represents a significant life change for patients and families. Individuals often experience high symptom burden, decreased quality of life, increased health care utilization, and end-of-life care discordant with their preferences. Early integration of palliative care with standard nephrology practice in the outpatient setting has the potential to improve quality of life through provision of expert symptom management, emotional support, and facilitation of advance care planning that honors the individual's values and goals...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802377/an-innovative-approach-to-improve-ear-nose-and-throat-surgical-access-for-remote-living-cape-york-indigenous-children
#12
Susan P Jacups, Denise Newman, Deborah Dean, Ann Richards, Kate M McConnon
INTRODUCTION: On a background of high rates of severe otitis media (OM) with associated hearing loss, children from the Torres Strait and Cape York region requiring ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery, faced waiting times exceeding three years. After numerous clinical safety incidents were raised, indicating a failure of the current system to deliver appropriate care, the governing Hospital and Health service opted to deliver surgical care through an alternate process. ENT surgeries were performed on 16 consented children from two remote locations via the private health care system, funded by a health provider partnership...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800496/goal-commitment-predicts-treatment-outcome-for-adolescents-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#13
Yifrah Kaminer, Christine McCauley Ohannessian, James R McKay, Rebecca H Burke, Kaitlin Flannery
OBJECTIVE: Commitment to change is an innovative potential mediator and mechanism of behavior change (MOBC) that has not been examined in adolescents with substance use disorders (SUD). The Adolescent Substance Abuse Goal Commitment (ASAGC) questionnaire is a reliable and valid 2-scale measure developed to assess the adolescent's commitment to either abstinence or harm reduction (HR) that includes consumption reduction as a stated treatment goal. The objective of this study was to examine the ASAGC's ability to predict alcohol use treatment outcome...
July 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798846/characterization-and-analysis-of-real-time-capillary-convective-pcr-toward-commercialization
#14
Xianbo Qiu, Shiyin Zhang, Lanju Mei, Di Wu, Qi Guo, Ke Li, Shengxiang Ge, Xiangzhong Ye, Ningshao Xia, Michael G Mauk
Almost all the reported capillary convective polymerase chain reaction (CCPCR) systems to date are still limited to research use stemming from unresolved issues related to repeatability, reliability, convenience, and sensitivity. To move CCPCR technology forward toward commercialization, a couple of critical strategies and innovations are discussed here. First, single- and dual-end heating strategies are analyzed and compared between each other. Especially, different solutions for dual-end heating are proposed and discussed, and the heat transfer and fluid flow inside the capillary tube with an optimized dual-end heating strategy are analyzed and modeled...
March 2017: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795451/development-and-validation-of-a-logic-model-for-comprehensive-medication-management-services
#15
Samuel R A E Sousa, Sarah Joyce Shoemaker, Mariana M G do Nascimento, Marianne S Costa, Djenane Ramalho de Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a theoretical logic model for comprehensive medication management (CMM) services. METHODS: The components of a logic model were constructed after a literature review and interviews with 4 CMM professionals. To validate the logic model, a panel of 17 CMM experts participated in three online Delphi method rounds to achieve consensus on the model. The consensus between the experts on each component of the logic model was evaluated using the Content Validity Index and Inter-rater Agreement in each of the rounds...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792300/an-exploration-of-experts-perceptions-on-the-use-of-interprofessional-education-to-support-collaborative-practice-in-the-care-of-community-living-older-adults
#16
Jenny Ploeg, Maureen Markle-Reid, Anita Fisher, Sue Bookey-Bassett, Tracey Chambers, Laurie Kennedy, Mona Morsy, Sinéad Dufour
Globally, as older adults are living longer and with more chronic conditions, there is a need to support their ability to age optimally in their homes and communities. Community-based interprofessional teams working closely with these older adults, their families, and informal caregivers will be instrumental in achieving this goal. Interprofessional education (IPE) is the means through which these teams can develop expertise in collaboratively working together with older adults. However, most IPE occurs in academic settings, and acute and long-term care sectors and little is known about IPE in the context of home and community care of older adults...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791877/implementing-data-to-care-initiatives-for-hiv-in-new%C3%A2-york-state-assessing-the-value-of-community-health-centers-identifying-persons-out-of-care-for-health-department-follow-up
#17
Rachel Hart-Malloy, Shakara Brown, Kathleen Bogucki, James Tesoriero
To end the HIV/AIDS epidemic, innovative strategies are needed to improve outcomes along the HIV care continuum. Data-to-Care is a public health strategy whereby HIV surveillance data are used to identify people living with HIV/AIDS for linkage to, or re-engagement in HIV medical care. Three main approaches to Data-to-Care are defined by where persons out of care are identified and where outreach activities are initiated: the Health Department level, the Healthcare Provider level, or a combination of the two (Combination Model)...
August 9, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790518/coordinated-management-of-academic-health-centers
#18
Jeffrey R Balser, William W Stead
Academic health centers (AHCs) are the nation's primary resource for healthcare discovery, innovation, and training. US healthcare revenue growth has declined sharply since 2009, and is forecast to remain well below historic levels for the foreseeable future. As the cost of education and research at nearly all AHCs is heavily subsidized through large transfers from clinical care margins, our institutions face a mounting crisis. Choices centering on how to increase the cost-effectiveness of the AHC enterprise require unprecedented levels of alignment to preserve an environment that nurtures creativity...
2017: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790490/expanding-the-health-care-pipeline-through-innovation-the-mcw-model
#19
John R Raymond, Cheryl A Maurana, Joseph E Kerschner
In 2016, the Association of American Medical Colleges projected a physician shortage in the United States of approximately 90,000; in the same year, the Wisconsin Hospital Association projected a shortage of 2,000 physicians in Wisconsin. The Medical College of Wisconsin has begun to address these shortages in three ways: 1) creation of immersive regional medical school campuses in Green Bay and Central Wisconsin, in partnership with rural serving health systems; 2) creation of rural-based psychiatry and family medicine residency programs in Green Bay and central Wisconsin; and 3) expansion of the scope of practice of pharmacists through creation of a new School of Pharmacy in collaboration with the Medical College of Wisconsin School of Medicine...
2017: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780563/implementing-a-multi-modal-support-service-model-for-the-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Bamini Gopinath, Ashley Craig, Annette Kifley, Gerald Liew, Jaye Bloffwitch, Kim Van Vu, Nichole Joachim, Rob Cummins, Julie Heraghty, Timothy Broady, Alison Hayes, Paul Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness and low vision among older adults. Previous research shows a high prevalence of distress and disruption to the lifestyle of family caregivers of persons with late AMD. This supports existing evidence that caregivers are 'hidden patients' at risk of poor health outcomes. There is ample scope for improving the support available to caregivers, and further research should be undertaken into developing services that are tailored to the requirements of family caregivers of persons with AMD...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
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