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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918260/factors-influencing-the-spread-of-pertussis-in-households-a-prospective-study-catalonia-and-navarre-spain-2012-to-2013
#1
Pere Godoy, Manuel García-Cenoz, Diana Toledo, Glòria Carmona, Joan A Caylà, Miquel Alsedà, Josep Àlvarez, Irene Barrabeig, Neus Camps, Pere Plans, María Company, Jesús Castilla, Maria-Rosa Sala-Farré, Carmen Muñoz-Almagro, Cristina Rius, Àngela Domínguez
We aimed to investigate transmission rates of pertussis in household contacts of cases and factors associated with transmission. A prospective epidemiological study was conducted in 2012 and 2013 to determine the incidence of pertussis among household contacts of reported cases in Catalonia and Navarre, Spain. An epidemiological survey was completed for each case and contact, who were followed for 28 days to determine the source of infection (primary case) and detect the occurrence of secondary cases. Odds ratios (ORs) were used to estimate the effectiveness of vaccination and chemoprophylaxis in preventing new cases, using the formula (1 - OR) × 100...
November 10, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916532/primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-catalonia-what-is-the-clinical-evidence-that-supports-our-prosthesis
#2
D Chaverri-Fierro, L Lobo-Escolar, M Espallargues, O Martínez-Cruz, L Domingo, M Pons-Cabrafiga
INTRODUCTION: The implementation of National Prostheses Registries allows us to obtain a large amount of data and make conclusions in order to improve the use of them. Sweden was the first country to implement a National Prostheses Registry in 1979. Catalonia has been doing this since 2005. The aim of our study is to analyse the evidence that supports primary total hip replacement in Catalonia in the last 9 years, based on the Arthroplasty Registry of Catalonia (RACat). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A review of the literature was carried out of the prosthesis (acetabular cups/stems) reported in the RACat between the period 2005 to 2013 in the following databases: ODEP (Orthopaedic Data Evaluation Panel), TRIP database, PubMed, and Google Scholar...
December 1, 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914671/current-practice-in-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-an-epidemiological-multicenter-study
#3
T M Tomasa Irriguible, J Sabater Riera, E Poch López de Briñas, J Fort Ros, M J Lloret Cora, J Roca Antònio, A Navas Pérez, P Ortiz Ballujera, L Servià Goixart, F J González de Molina Ortiz, C Rovira Anglès, A Roglan Piqueras, M Rodríguez López
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to ascertain the most relevant aspects of the current management of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in critically ill patients, and to analyze renal function recovery and mortality in patients undergoing RRT. METHODS: A non-interventional three-month observational study was made in 2012, with a follow-up period of 90 days, in 21 centers in Catalonia (Spain). Demographic information, severity scores and clinical data were obtained, as well as RRT parameters...
November 30, 2016: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894267/prevalence-of-colonization-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-st398-in-pigs-and-pig-farm-workers-in-an-area-of-catalonia-spain
#4
Esteban Reynaga, Marian Navarro, Anna Vilamala, Pere Roure, Manuel Quintana, Marian Garcia-Nuñez, Raül Figueras, Carmen Torres, Gianni Lucchetti, Miquel Sabrià
BACKGROUND: A livestock-associated clonal lineage (ST398) of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been identified causing colonization or infection in farm workers. The aim of the study was to analyze the prevalence of MRSA-ST398 colonization in pigs and in pig farmers in an area with a high pig population (Osona, Barcelona province, Catalonia, Spain). METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional prevalence study in Osona (Catalonia, Spain), from June 2014 to June 2015...
November 28, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888988/prevalence-and-incidence-of-bronchiectasis-in-catalonia-spain-a-population-based-study
#5
Mònica Monteagudo, Teresa Rodríguez-Blanco, Miriam Barrecheguren, Pere Simonet, Marc Miravitlles
BACKGROUND: Insufficient epidemiological data are available on bronchiectasis in southern European populations. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and incidence of bronchiectasis in Catalonia, Spain and describe the characteristics of patients with an active diagnosis of bronchiectasis in 2012. METHODS: This study used data from a population database containing information from 5.8 million people (80% of the population of Catalonia). Patients with bronchiectasis were identified using International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revision (ICD-10) codes, and information on clinical characteristics and treatment was extracted...
December 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887975/human-exposure-to-brominated-flame-retardants-through-the-consumption-of-fish-and-shellfish-in-tarragona-county-catalonia-spain
#6
Laura Trabalón, Lolita Vilavert, José L Domingo, Eva Pocurull, Francesc Borrull, Martí Nadal
The concentrations of 19 brominated flame retardants (BFRs) (8 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), 8 methoxylated PBDEs (MeO-PBDEs) and 3 emerging flame retardants) were determined in 10 species of fish and shellfish widely consumed in Tarragona County (Catalonia, Spain), by pressurized liquid extraction followed by gas chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. A higher occurrence of PBDEs was found in all the analyzed samples, while MeO-PBDEs were only detected in a few ones and the levels of emerging pollutants were relatively low...
November 23, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884553/atlas-of-systematic-variation-in-renal-replacement-therapy-in-catalonia-2002-2012
#7
Cristian Tebé Condomí, Emma Arcos, Jordi Comas, Mireia Espallargues, Joan M V Pons, Joan M Díaz, Jaume Tort, Alberto Martinez-Castelao
INTRODUCTION: Variations in the use of healthcare services can be defined as systematic variations of adjusted rates for certain aggregation levels of the population. The study analyses how renal replacement therapy (RRT) is used, identifying RRT variability in Catalonia from 2002 to 2012. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ecological study by health area using data from the Catalan renal registry. We present incident rates, standardised incidence ratios and prevalence, while variability was calculated through direct and indirect standardisation methods...
November 21, 2016: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877024/understanding-the-physical-social-and-emotional-experiences-of-people-with-uncontrolled-type-2-diabetes-a-qualitative-study
#8
Anna Berenguera, Àngels Molló-Inesta, Manel Mata-Cases, Josep Franch-Nadal, Bonaventura Bolíbar, Esther Rubinat, Dídac Mauricio
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptions, barriers, and facilitators of self-management of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to determine the factors to consider when developing and implementing a person-centered intervention in patients with poor glycemic control attending primary care. METHODS: This was a qualitative study conducted in 6 primary care health centers in Catalonia. Patients who had been diagnosed with T2DM and had glycated hemoglobin of 9% or more were included...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868275/effectiveness-and-safety-of-drugs-used-for-stroke-prevention-in-a-cohort-of-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-patients-from-a-primary-care-electronic-database
#9
Maria Giner-Soriano, Albert Roso-Llorach, Cristina Vedia Urgell, Xavier Castells, Dolors Capellà, Ignacio Ferreira-González, Josep Maria Elorza-Ricart, Marc Casajuana, Amelia Troncoso Mariño, Eduard Diògene, Bonaventura Bolíbar, Concepció Violan, Rosa Morros
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess effectiveness and safety of antithrombotics for stroke prevention in non-valvular atrial fibrillation in real-use conditions. METHODS: We used a population-based retrospective cohort study. Information emerges from SIDIAP, a database containing anonymized information from electronic health records from 274 primary healthcare centres of the Catalan Health Institute, Catalonia (Spain), with a reference population of 5 835 000 people...
November 20, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859971/frequency-and-outcome-of-total-anterior-circulation-strokes-without-intracranial-large-vessel-occlusion
#10
E Giralt-Steinhauer, A Ois, S Abilleira, X Urra, P Cardona-Portela, M Gomis, M Castellanos, C Molina, J Martí-Fàbregas, A Pellisé, D Cànovas, M Gómez-Choco, J Kuprinski, D Cocho, J Roquer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The percentage of patients with clinical total anterior circulation infarct (TACI) syndrome treated with reperfusion therapies in the absence of intracranial large-vessel occlusion (ILVO) was determined and their characteristics and outcome are described. METHODS: Data from a population-based, prospective, externally audited registry of all stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and endovascular therapies in Catalonia from January 2011 to December 2013 were used...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856017/-the-co-payment-of-the-dependence-from-the-structural-reform-of-2012-in-spain
#11
Raúl Del Pozo-Rubio, Isabel Pardo-García, Francisco Escribano-Sotos
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this piece of work is to establish the cost of dependency and the cost of financing it. Specifically, we will determine the cost of co-payment for individual users following the modification introduced by the 13th of July 2012 Resolution as well as its allocation by the autonomous regions. METHODS: The degree and level of dependency was established using the Survey on Disability, Personal Autonomy and Dependency Situations, 2008. The cost of dependency according to degree and level and autonomous regions was established with information from the System for Personal Autonomy and Care of Dependent Persons...
November 14, 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855253/-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-temporary-disability-characteristics-and-duration-catalonia-2007-2010
#12
Ignasi Manent Bistué, José Mª Ramada Rodilla, Consol Serra Pujadas
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are the leading cause of sickness absence (SA) in Spain and the second in Catalonia. A greater knowledge of this field could allow the refocusing of social protection policies and interventions to reduce their frequency and duration. The objective of the study was to describe the characteristics and duration of SA due to MSD in Catalonia between 2007 and 2010. METHODS: The study population included all incident SA episodes due to MSD during the period 2007-2010, registered in the Institut Català d'AvaluacionsMèdiques (ICAM) database...
October 2016: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836375/how-is-stroke-care-organised-in-europe
#13
Valentina Arnao, Nemanja Popovic, Valeria Caso
INTRODUCTION: There is a wide difference in stroke care in European Countries, conditioning the performance in stroke management. OBJECTIVE: The authors review current national and regional stroke organisational models and their adherence to current European Stroke Organisation (ESO) guidelines across the Europe and on-going European Stroke Projects. Stroke Care Models investigated in: Austria, Switzerland, Bavaria (Germany), London and Greater Manchester in the UK, Catalonia (Spain), Lombardy Region in Italy, Poland and Northern Portugal...
November 8, 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829011/rehabilitation-profiles-of-older-adult-stroke-survivors-admitted-to-intermediate-care-units-a-multi-centre-study
#14
Laura M Pérez, Marco Inzitari, Terence J Quinn, Joan Montaner, Ricard Gavaldà, Esther Duarte, Laura Coll-Planas, Mercè Cerdà, Sebastià Santaeugenia, Conxita Closa, Miquel Gallofré
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of disability in older adults, but the evidence around post-acute treatment is limited and heterogeneous. We aimed to identify profiles of older adult stroke survivors admitted to intermediate care geriatric rehabilitation units. METHODS: We performed a cohort study, enrolling stroke survivors aged 65 years or older, admitted to 9 intermediate care units in Catalonia-Spain. To identify potential profiles, we included age, caregiver presence, comorbidity, pre-stroke and post-stroke disability, cognitive impairment and stroke severity in a cluster analysis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810855/secular-trend-in-the-incidence-of-hip-fracture-in-catalonia-spain-2003-2014
#15
Maria-Jesús Pueyo-Sánchez, Marta Larrosa, Xavier Suris, Enrique Casado, Jaume Auleda, Josep Fusté, Vicente Ortún
OBJECTIVES: to describe the secular trend and seasonal variation in the incidence of hip fracture (HF) over 12 years (2003-2014) in Catalonia, the community with the highest incidence of HF in Spain. METHODS: data about age, gender, type of fracture and month of hospitalisation among patients aged 65 years and older discharged with a diagnosis of HF were collected. Crude and age-standardised annual incidence rate were reckoned. To analyse HF trend, the age/sex-adjusted average annual change in incidence (incidence rate ratio, IRR) was calculated...
November 3, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809772/the-burden-of-cardiovascular-morbidity-in-a-european-mediterranean-population-with-multimorbidity-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Concepción Violán, Néker Bejarano-Rivera, Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Albert Roso Llorach, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Miguel Martin Mateo, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are highly represented in multimorbidity patterns. Nevertheless, few studies have analysed the burden of these diseases in the population with multimorbidity. The objective of this study was to identify and describe the cardiovascular diseases among the patients with multimorbidity. METHODS: We designed a cross-sectional study in patients ≥19 years old assigned to 251 primary health care centres in Catalonia, Spain. The main outcome was cardiovascular morbidity burden, defined as the presence of one or more of 24 chronic cardiovascular diseases in multimorbid patients (≥2 chronic conditions)...
November 3, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807791/hiv-rapid-testing-programs-in-non-clinical-settings-have-the-potential-to-constitute-a-major-diagnostic-option-for-msm-in-spain
#17
Sonia Fernández Balbuena, Juan Hoyos, María José Belza, Ferran Pujol, Jorge Álvarez, Daniel Zulaica, Carmen Zamora, Benet Rifá, Patricia García-de-Olalla, Ramón Esteso, Blanca Bastida, María Del Henar Marcos, Joan Viver, Julia Talavera, Lourdes Capote, Rogelio Lema, Marta Pastor, Luis de la Fuente
We analyze the impact of HIV rapid testing (RT) programs in non-clinical settings (NCS) by evaluating their contribution to new diagnoses reported to the Spanish HIV Surveillance System (SINIVIH) from 2007 to 2012. We estimate the proportion of new diagnoses reported to SINIVIH attributable to them and the maximum annual contribution (MAC). Of 95.575 rapid tests conducted, 2061 were reactive; 1582 in men who have sex with men (MSM). The contribution of RT in NCS increased from 3.4% in 2007 to 11.0% in 2012 (8...
November 2, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795349/utility-of-filmarray-meningitis-encephalitis-panel-during-an-outbreak-of-enterovirus-brainstem-encephalitis-in-catalonia-2016
#18
Cristian Launes, Didac Casas-Alba, Claudia Fortuny, Ana Valero-Rello, Maria Cabrerizo, Carmen Muñoz-Almagro
We read with interest the article by Leber et al. (1).….
October 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789893/assessment-of-inlet-efficiency-through-a-3d-simulation-numerical-and-experimental-comparison
#19
Manuel Gómez, Joan Recasens, Beniamino Russo, Eduardo Martínez-Gomariz
Inlet efficiency is a requirement for characterizing the flow transfers between surface and sewer flow during rain events. The dual drainage approach is based on the joint analysis of both upper and lower drainage levels, and the flow transfer is one of the relevant elements to define properly this joint behaviour. This paper presents the results of an experimental and numerical investigation about the inlet efficiency definition. A full scale (1:1) test platform located in the Technical University of Catalonia (UPC) reproduces both the runoff process in streets and the water entering the inlet...
October 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783745/developing-the-advanced-practice-nurse-in-catalonia
#20
Montserrat Comellas-Oliva
The development of advanced practice nurses (APN) has proved a challenge for nurses in countries such as the USA, Canada, Great Britain, and Australia among others. It is only in recent years that the system has been considered in Catalonia and Spain as a way to develop new roles to bring effectiveness and efficiency to the health system. From the standpoint of training and implementation of the above-mentioned new nursing roles, the following article aims to conceptualise APN and its reference models, as well as to contextualise and reflect on APN in Catalonia in order to assimilate them into advanced practice...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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