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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031214/land-use-regression-models-for-the-oxidative-potential-of-fine-particles-pm2-5-in-five-european-areas
#1
John Gulliver, David Morley, Chrissi Dunster, Adrienne McCrea, Erik van Nunen, Ming-Yi Tsai, Nicoltae Probst-Hensch, Marloes Eeftens, Medea Imboden, Regina Ducret-Stich, Alessio Naccarati, Claudia Galassi, Andrea Ranzi, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Ariadna Curto, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Marta Cirach, Roel Vermeulen, Paolo Vineis, Gerard Hoek, Frank J Kelly
Oxidative potential (OP) of particulate matter (PM) is proposed as a biologically-relevant exposure metric for studies of air pollution and health. We aimed to evaluate the spatial variability of the OP of measured PM2.5 using ascorbate (AA) and (reduced) glutathione (GSH), and develop land use regression (LUR) models to explain this spatial variability. We estimated annual average values (m(-3)) of OP(AA) and OP(GSH) for five areas (Basel, CH; Catalonia, ES; London-Oxford, UK (no OP(GSH)); the Netherlands; and Turin, IT) using PM2...
October 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029763/serotype-virulence-profile-antimicrobial-resistance-and-macrolide-resistance-determinants-in-streptococcus-agalactiae-isolates-in-pregnant-women-and-neonates-in-catalonia-spain
#2
Yuly López, Elena Parra, Virginio Cepas, Isabel Sanfeliú, Teresa Juncosa, Antonia Andreu, Mariona Xercavins, Josefa Pérez, Sergi Sanz, Andrea Vergara, Jordi Bosch, Sara Maria Soto
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus agalactiae, or group B streptococci (GBS), is the main aetiological agent of early neonatal sepsis in developed countries. This microorganism belongs to the gastrointestinal tract microbiota wherefrom it can colonize the vagina and be vertically transmitted to the child either before or at birth, and subsequently cause infection in the newborn. Approximately, 50% of newborns born to women with GBS become colonized, with 1-2% developing early neonatal infection if no preventive intervention is performed...
October 10, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027110/predicting-the-cancer-burden-in-catalonia-between-2015-and-2025-the-challenge-of-cancer-management-in-the-elderly
#3
R Clèries, A Ameijide, R Marcos-Gragera, L Pareja, M Carulla, M-L Vilardell, L Esteban, M Buxó, J-A Espinàs, A Puigdefàbregas, J Ribes, A Izquierdo, J Galceran, J M Borrás
BACKGROUND: Developing effective cancer control programmes requires information on the future cancer burden in an ageing population. In our study we predicted the burden of cancer in Catalonia from 2015 to 2025. METHODS: Bayesian age-period-cohort models were used to predict the burden of cancer from 2015 to 2025 using incidence data from the Girona and Tarragona cancer registries and cancer mortality data from the Catalan mortality registry. Using the Bashir-Estève method, we divided the net change in the number of cases between 2015 and 2025 into changes due to population size (S), cancer risk (R) and age (A) distribution...
October 12, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024901/impact-of-initial-medication-non-adherence-to-ssris-on-medical-visits-and-sick-leaves
#4
Ignacio Aznar-Lou, María Iglesias-González, Montserrat Gil-Girbau, Antoni Serrano-Blanco, Ana Fernández, María Teresa Peñarrubia-María, Ramón Sabés-Figuera, Ana Gabriela Murrugarra-Centurión, Marian March-Pujol, Mireia Bolívar-Prados, Maria Rubio-Valera
BACKGROUND: Initial medication non-adherence (IMNA) to antidepressants, which are commonly used to treat depression in primary care (PC), is around 6-12%. Although it is well known that post-initial non-adherence to antidepressants increases the cost of depression, the impact of IMNA on cost is unknown. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of IMNA to Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI) on medical visits and sick leave in patients with depression treated in PC in Catalonia (Spain)...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022763/impact-of-practice-provider-and-patient-characteristics-on-delivering-screening-and-brief-advice-for-heavy-drinking-in-primary-healthcare-secondary-analyses-of-data-from-the-odhin-five-country-cluster-randomized-factorial-trial
#5
Peter Anderson, Karolina Kłoda, Eileen Kaner, Jillian Reynolds, Preben Bendtsen, Myrna N Pelgrum-Keurhorst, Lidia Segura, Marcin Wojnar, Artur Mierzecki, Paolo Deluca, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Kathryn Parkinson, Katarzyna Okulicz-Kozaryn, Colin Drummond, Miranda G H Laurant, Antoni Gual
BACKGROUND: The implementation of primary healthcare-based screening and advice that is effective in reducing heavy drinking can be enhanced with training. OBJECTIVES: Undertaking secondary analysis of the five-country ODHIN study, we test: the extent to which practice, provider and patient characteristics affect the likelihood of patients being screened and advised; the extent to which such characteristics moderate the impact of training in increasing screening and advice; and the extent to which training mitigates any differences due to such characteristics found at baseline...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020022/the-geological-record-and-phylogeny-of-spider-wasps-hymenoptera-pompilidae-a-revision-of-fossil-species-and-their-phylogenetic-placement
#6
Juanita Rodriguez, Cecilia Waichert, Carol D von Dohlen, James P Pitts
Accurate fossil identification has become increasingly relevant with the widespread use of phylogenetic divergence time estimation methods, which rely on fossil data to determine clade hard-minimum ages. Here we revise, diagnose and illustrate known spider wasp (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae) fossil species and place them within the latest Pompilidae phylogenetic hypothesis. Ceropalites infelix Cockerell, from the Florissant Fossil Beds (Priabonian), is no longer recognized as Pompilidae, but as Aulacidae. Agenioideus saxigenus (Cockerell) comb...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019349/do-workers-health-surveillance-examinations-fulfill-their-occupational-preventive-objective-analysis-of-the-medical-practice-of-occupational-physicians-in-catalonia-spain
#7
Mari Cruz Rodríguez-Jareño, Emilia Molinero, Jaume de Montserrat, Antoni Vallès, Marta Aymerich
OBJECTIVES: Although routine workers' health examinations are extensively performed worldwide with important resource allocation, few studies have analyzed their quality. The objective of this study has been to analyze the medical practice of workers' health examinations in Catalonia (Spain) in terms of its occupational preventive aim. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out by means of an online survey addressed to occupational physicians who were members of the Catalan Society of Safety and Occupational Medicine...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016927/clinical-use-of-pregabalin-in-general-practice-in-catalonia-spain-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#8
Montserrat Viñas-Bastart, Míriam Oms-Arias, Àfrica Pedraza-Gutiérrez, Irene Lizano-Díez, Pilar Modamio, Eduardo L Mariño
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of use of pregabalin and the appropriateness of treatment, so that interventions could be designed to improve various clinical approaches to the use of pregabalin to include unlicensed indications. Design: A descriptive, cross-sectional, multicenter study was performed between April 2014 and January 2015. Setting: Fifty-three primary health care centers covering 1,250,000 inhabitants...
July 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988658/impact-of-depression-and-or-anxiety-on-the-presentation-of-cardiovascular-events-in-a-cohort-with-metabolic-syndrome-strex-project-five-years-of-follow-up
#9
Yolanda Ortega, Enric Aragonès, Josep L Piñol, Josep Basora, Alvaro Araujo, Juan J Cabré
OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of anxiety and depression on the incidence of cardiovascular events (CVE) in a Catalonian population with metabolic syndrome (MetS) over a five-year follow-up according to the number/type of MetS criteria. METHODS: Prospective study to determine the incidence of CVE according to the presence of anxiety and depression disorders among individuals with different combinations of clinical traits of the MetS. SETTING: Primary Care, Catalonia (Spain)...
October 4, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984163/epidemiology-of-nmosd-in-catalonia-influence-of-the-new-2015-criteria-in-incidence-and-prevalence-estimates
#10
Maria Sepúlveda, Marta Aldea, Domingo Escudero, Sara Llufriu, Georgina Arrambide, Susana Otero-Romero, J Sastre-Garriga, Lucía Romero-Pinel, Sergio Martínez-Yélamos, N Sola-Valls, Thais Armangué, Javier Sotoca, Antonio Escartín, René Robles-Cedeño, Lluís Ramió-Torrentà, Silvia Presas-Rodríguez, Cristina Ramo-Tello, Elvira Munteis, Raúl Pelayo, Laura Gubieras, Luis Brieva, Nicolau Ortiz, Mariona Hervás, Maria Alba Mañé-Martínez, Antonio Cano, Emili Vela, Mar Tintoré, Yolanda Blanco, Xavier Montalban, Francesc Graus, Albert Saiz
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies on neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are limited, and it is unclear whether the rates have changed with the implementation of the new 2015 criteria. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence and prevalence of NMOSD in Catalonia (Spain), using both the 2006 and the 2015 criteria. METHODS: In this clinic-based retrospective study, patients diagnosed with NMOSD between 2006 and 2015 were identified using multiple sources, including direct contact to all Catalan hospitals, identification of cases through the Catalan Health Surveillance System, and registry of antibodies to aquaporin-4 (AQP4-IgG) and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG-IgG) in a reference laboratory...
October 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973663/predicting-30-day-mortality-for-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-in-the-emergency-department-a-cohort-study
#11
Òscar Miró, Xavier Rossello, Víctor Gil, Francisco Javier Martín-Sánchez, Pere Llorens, Pablo Herrero-Puente, Javier Jacob, Héctor Bueno, Stuart J Pocock
Background: Physicians in the emergency department (ED) need additional tools to stratify patients with acute heart failure (AHF) according to risk. Objective: To predict mortality using data that are readily available at ED admission. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: 34 Spanish EDs. Participants: The derivation cohort included 4867 consecutive ED patients admitted during 2009 to 2011...
October 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959228/effectiveness-of-the-what-s-up-intervention-to-reduce-stigma-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-youth-program-questionnaire-ypq-results-from-a-cluster-non-randomized-controlled-trial-conducted-in-catalan-high-schools
#12
Laura Andrés-Rodríguez, Adrián Pérez-Aranda, Albert Feliu-Soler, María Rubio-Valera, Ignacio Aznar-Lou, Antoni Serrano-Blanco, Miquel Juncosa, Anaïs Tosas, Albert Bernadàs, Juan V Luciano
Mental disorders are highly prevalent in the general population, and people who experience them are frequently stigmatized. Stigma has a very negative impact on social, academic/professional, and personal life. Considering the high rates of mental disorders among children and adolescents (13.4%) and how critical this age is in the formation of nuclear beliefs, many campaigns to combat stigma have been developed in the last decade, with mixed results. The OBERTAMENT initiative has produced various anti-stigma campaigns in Catalonia (Spain)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958844/private-rheumatology-in-catalonia-spain
#13
Cayetano Alegre
OBJECTIVE: To establish the percentage of Catalonian rheumatologists who attended to private patients, to understand the most common processes in private practice, to determine the dedication to patient care and the necessary activities to guarantee proper care, such as continuing education and office management, and to know what techniques were most widely used. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A personalized survey of Catalonian rheumatologists whose e-mail addresses were made available to us...
September 25, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953954/epidemiological-clinical-diagnostic-and-economic-features-of-an-immigrant-population-of-chronic-schistosomiasis-sufferers-with-long-term-residence-in-a-non-endemic-country-north-metropolitan-area-of-barcelona-2002-2016
#14
Sílvia Roure, Lluís Valerio, Olga Pérez-Quílez, Gema Fernández-Rivas, Octavio Martínez-Cuevas, Albert Alcántara-Román, Diego Viasus, M Luisa Pedro-Botet, Miquel Sabrià, Bonaventura Clotet
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis, one of the neglected tropical diseases (NTD) listed by the WHO, is an acute and chronic parasitic disease caused by blood flukes (trematode worms) of the genus Schistosoma. Complications of long-term infestation include liver cirrhosis, bladder tumors and kidney failure. The objective of this study was to carry out a clinical and epidemiological characterization of a schistosomiasis-diagnosed immigrant population with long-term residencein the EU as well as to evaluate the diagnostic methods available to date...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942311/impact-of-urban-chemical-pollution-on-water-quality-in-small-rural-and-effluent-dominated-mediterranean-streams-and-rivers
#15
Ladislav Mandaric, Jordi-René Mor, Sergi Sabater, Mira Petrovic
The impact and occurrence of wastewater (treated and untreated) derived pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) have been investigated in small, rural and effluent-dominated tributaries of the lower Ebro River located in the North-Eastern Spain (Catalonia). We have observed the predominant effect of stream flow and consequently dilution factor on the concentration levels of detected PhACs that combined with the absence of wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) resulted in 12 times higher concentrations in streams with direct discharge of untreated wastewater...
September 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934303/characterization-of-the-cpap-treated-patient-population-in-catalonia
#16
Cecilia Turino, Sandra Bertran, Ricard Gavaldá, Ivan Teixidó, Holger Woehrle, Montserrat Rué, Francesc Solsona, Joan Escarrabill, Cristina Colls, Anna García-Altés, Jordi de Batlle, Manuel Sánchez de-la-Torre, Ferran Barbé
There are different phenotypes of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), many of which have not been characterised. Identification of these different phenotypes is important in defining prognosis and guiding the therapeutic strategy. The aim of this study was to characterise the entire population of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)-treated patients in Catalonia and identify specific patient profiles using cluster analysis. A total of 72,217 CPAP-treated patients who contacted the Catalan Health System (CatSalut) during the years 2012 and 2013 were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906459/hospital-costs-of-foreign-non-resident-patients-a-comparative-analysis-in-catalonia-spain
#17
Elena Arroyo-Borrell, Gemma Renart-Vicens, Marc Saez, Marc Carreras
Although patient mobility has increased over the world, in Europe there is a lack of empirical studies. The aim of the study was to compare foreign non-resident patients versus domestic patients for the particular Catalan case, focusing on patient characteristics, hospitalisation costs and differences in costs depending on the typology of the hospital they are treated. We used data from the 2012 Minimum Basic Data Set-Acute Care hospitals (CMBD-HA) in Catalonia. We matched two case-control groups: first, foreign non-resident patients versus domestic patients and, second, foreign non-resident patients treated by Regional Public Hospitals versus other type of hospitals...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905680/roma-never-die-alone
#18
Tania Garcia-Espinel, Laura Aso, Gisela Redondo-Sama, Ainhoa Flecha
A common characteristic of Roma as a cultural group is that they do not allow their elderly to die alone. Nevertheless, rooted in a mainstream cultural perspective of health provision services, public institutions usually do not allow Roma people to be with their loved ones in their last moments. Following the communicative methodology, we conducted a communicative case study on the death of the most relevant female Roma leader in Catalonia. She was accompanied by more than two hundred family members and friends in her room and corridor at an important hospital in Barcelona...
September 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899412/the-effect-of-information-about-the-benefits-and-harms-of-mammography-on-women-s-decision-making-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Misericòrdia Carles, Montserrat Martínez-Alonso, Anna Pons, Maria José Pérez-Lacasta, Lilisbeth Perestelo-Pérez, Maria Sala, Carmen Vidal, Montse Garcia, Ana Toledo-Chávarri, Núria Codern, Maria Feijoo-Cid, Anabel Romero, Roger Pla, Jorge Soler-González, Xavier Castells, Montserrat Rué
BACKGROUND: The decision to participate or not in breast cancer screening is complex due to the trade-off between the expected benefit of breast cancer mortality reduction and the major harm of overdiagnosis. It seems ethically necessary to inform women so that they can actively participate in decision-making and make an informed choice based on their values and preferences. The objective of this study is to assess the effects of receiving information about the benefits and harms of screening on decision-making, in women approaching the age of invitation to mammography screening...
September 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898946/towards-the-understanding-of-antibiotic-occurrence-and-transport-in-groundwater-findings-from-the-baix-fluvi%C3%A3-alluvial-aquifer-ne-catalonia-spain
#20
M Boy-Roura, J Mas-Pla, M Petrovic, M Gros, D Soler, D Brusi, A Menció
Antibiotics are an increasing focus of interest due to their high detection frequency in the environment. However, their presence in water bodies is not regulated by environmental policies. This field study investigates, for the first time, the occurrence, behavior and fate of a selection of 53 antibiotics, including up to 10 chemical groups, in an alluvial aquifer originated from manure application in an agricultural region using hydrogeological, hydrochemical and isotopic approaches. Up to 11 antibiotics were found in groundwater corresponding to 4 different chemical groups: fluoroquinolones, macrolides, quinolones and sulfonamides...
September 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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