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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324251/simulating-changes-in-cropping-practises-in-conventional-and-glyphosate-tolerant-maize-i-effects-on-weeds
#1
Nathalie Colbach, Alice Fernier, Valérie Le Corre, Antoine Messéan, Henri Darmency
Herbicide-tolerant (HT) crops such as those tolerant to glyphosate simplify weed management and make it more efficient, at least at short-term. Overreliance on the same herbicide though leads to the spread of resistant weeds. Here, the objective was to evaluate, with simulations, the impact on the advent of glyphosate resistance in weeds of modifications in agricultural practises resulting from introducing HT maize into cropping systems. First, we included a single-gene herbicide resistance submodel in the existing multispecific FLORSYS model...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321937/ultrafine-particles-and-black-carbon-personal-exposures-in-asthmatic-and-non-asthmatic-children-at-school-age
#2
Pau Pañella, Maribel Casas, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Raquel Garcia-Esteban, Oliver Robinson, Antònia Valentín, John Gulliver, Isabelle Momas, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Martine Vrijheid, Jordi Sunyer
Traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) exposure during childhood is associated with asthma; however, the contribution of the different TRAP pollutants in each microenvironment (home, school, transportation, others) in asthmatic and non-asthmatic children is unknown. Daily (24 h) personal black carbon (BC), ultrafine particles (UFP), and alveolar lung deposited surface area (LDSA) individual exposure measurements were obtained from 100 children (29 past and 21 current asthmatics, 50 non-asthmatics) aged 9±0.7 years from the INMA-Sabadell cohort (Catalonia, Spain)...
March 20, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318984/safety-and-efficacy-of-thrombectomy-in-acute-ischaemic-stroke-revascat-1-year-follow-up-of-a-randomised-open-label-trial
#3
Antoni Dávalos, Erik Cobo, Carlos A Molina, Angel Chamorro, M Angeles de Miquel, Luis San Román, Joaquín Serena, Elena López-Cancio, Marc Ribó, Mónica Millán, Xabier Urra, Pere Cardona, Alejandro Tomasello, Carlos Castaño, Jordi Blasco, Lucía Aja, Marta Rubiera, Meritxell Gomis, Arturo Renú, Blanca Lara, Joan Martí-Fàbregas, Brian Jankowitz, Neus Cerdà, Tudor G Jovin
BACKGROUND: The REVASCAT trial and other studies have shown that the neurovascular thrombectomy improves outcomes at 90 days post stroke. However, whether the observed benefit is sustained in the long term remains unknown. We report the results of the prespecified 12-month analysis of the REVASCAT trial. METHODS: Patients with acute ischaemic stroke who could be treated within 8 h of symptom onset were randomly assigned to medical therapy (including intravenous alteplase when eligible) and neurovascular thrombectomy with Solitaire FR or medical therapy alone...
March 16, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316573/a-production-calendar-based-on-water-temperature-spat-size-and-husbandry-practices-reduce-oshv-1-%C3%AE-var-impact-on-cultured-pacific-oyster-crassostrea-gigas-in-the-ebro-delta-catalonia-mediterranean-coast-of-spain
#4
Noèlia Carrasco, Ignasi Gairin, Josu Pérez, Karl B Andree, Ana Roque, Margarita Fernández-Tejedor, Chris J Rodgers, Cristobal Aguilera, M Dolors Furones
Since 2006, the production of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas in the Ebro Delta area has dramatically declined from around 800 metric tons (MT) per year to 138 MT in 2011. This decline in production has had a significant socio-economic impact in a region where the shellfish sector is a traditional economic activity for many families. The identified agent responsible for this reduction in C. gigas production was Ostreid Herpesvirus microvar (OsHV-1 μvar), which has been associated with C. gigas spat mortalities in France, and in many other countries...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316542/analysing-the-costs-of-integrated-care-a-case-on-model-selection-for-chronic-care-purposes
#5
Marc Carreras, Inma Sánchez-Pérez, Pere Ibern, Jordi Coderch, José María Inoriza
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to investigate whether the algorithm proposed by Manning and Mullahy, a consolidated health economics procedure, can also be used to estimate individual costs for different groups of healthcare services in the context of integrated care. METHODS: A cross-sectional study focused on the population of the Baix Empordà (Catalonia-Spain) for the year 2012 (N = 92,498 individuals). A set of individual cost models as a function of sex, age and morbidity burden were adjusted and individual healthcare costs were calculated using a retrospective full-costing system...
August 19, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314542/impact-of-implementing-electronic-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-control-and-treatment-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-pre-post-controlled-study
#6
Eva Comin, Arantxa Catalan-Ramos, Manuel Iglesias-Rodal, Maria Grau, Jose Luis Del Val, Alicia Consola, Ester Amado, Angels Pons, Manel Mata-Cases, Alicia Franzi, Ramon Ciurana, Eva Frigola, Xavier Cos, Josep Davins, Jose M Verdu-Rotellar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of computerized clinical practice guidelines on the management, diagnosis, treatment, control, and follow-up of the main cardiovascular risk factors: hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. DESIGN: Pre-post controlled study. SETTING: Catalonia, autonomous community located in north-eastern Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 35-74 years assigned to general practitioners of the Catalan Health Institute...
March 14, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300793/-estimates-of-target-population-for-pneumococcal-vaccination-in-people-over-50-years-in-catalonia-and-spain
#7
Angel Vila-Córcoles, Olga Ochoa-Gondar, Eva Satué, Cinta de Diego, Marc Vila-Rovira, Manel Jariod
OBJECTIVE: Published data about prevalence of distinct risk condictions for pneumococcal disease is scarce. This study investigated the prevalence of distinct risk conditions for pneumococal disease in Catalonian adults and stimated the potential size of target population for pneumococcal vaccination in Catalonia and Spain. METHODS: Cross-sectional population-based study that included 2,033,465 individuals older than 49 years-old assigned to the Catalonian Health Institute (Catalonia, Spain) at 01/01/2015...
March 15, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292582/-profile-and-evolution-of-chronic-complex-patients-in-a-subacute-unit
#8
Neus Gual, Anna Yuste Font, Belen Enfedaque Montes, Carles Blay Pueyo, Remedios Martín Álvarez, Marco Inzitari
OBJECTIVE: To improve the management of geriatric pluripathologic patients in Catalonia, the identification of chronic complex patient (PCC) or patients with advanced chronic disease (MACA) has been promoted. Patients with exacerbated chronic diseases are promoted to be admitted in subacute units (SG) located in intermediate hospitals and specialized in geriatric care, as an alternative to acute hospital. The results of the care process in patients identified as PCC/MACA in SG have not been evaluated...
March 11, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280978/spanish-society-of-vascular-and-interventional-radiology-servei-bibliometric-study-2010-2015-what-how-and-where-do-spanish-interventional-radiologists-publish
#9
Celia Lahuerta, José A Guirola, Enrique Esteban, José Urbano, Alicia Laborda, Miguel Ángel De Gregorio
PURPOSE: We analyzed the scientific production of members of the Spanish Society of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (SERVEI) from 2010 to 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the indexed scientific productivity of all SERVEI members for the last 6 years as measured by bibliometric indexes. Different databases were used (e.g., PubMed, Scopus, Web of Knowledge) to retrieve the total number of publications, number of citations, and h-index...
March 9, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273595/environmental-assessment-of-the-entire-pork-value-chain-in-catalonia-a-strategy-to-work-towards-circular-economy
#10
Isabel Noya, Xavier Aldea, Sara González-García, Carles M Gasol, María Teresa Moreira, Maria José Amores, Desirée Marín, Jesús Boschmonart-Rives
Pork industry in Catalonia plays a foremost and representative role in the Spanish pork sector. Beyond the economic benefits, conventional practices in the pork industry also imply a number of environmental impacts that need to be dealt with. In this context, the environmental performance of traditional linear pork chain in Catalonia was evaluated through a LCA approach. The outcomes of the analysis showed that both fodder production and transport activities were identified as the critical stages of the system...
March 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273260/-do-we-know-what-we-eat-perceptions-regarding-food-risks-in-catalonia-spain
#11
Eva Zafra Aparici, Araceli Muñoz García, Cristina Larrea-Killinger
This article describes and analyzes social perceptions regarding food risks in Catalonia (Spain). In particular it uses the narratives of informants to determine which foods are perceived as dangerous and how, when, where and why this perception of risk develops. Through a qualitative research study, we explored how lay discourses are constructed and managed, creating diverse imaginaries regarding food risk that do not always coincide with the biomedical view. It is highlighted that food risk is not always associated with the dangers of progress or industrialization, nor is it necessarily focused on the dichotomous debate of "industrially produced food" versus "natural food"; rather food risk perceptions revolve around a series of possibilities that are also related to the production, distribution, preparation and/or consumption of food...
October 2016: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270252/differences-between-migrants-and-spanish-born-population-through-the-hiv-care-cascade-catalonia-an-analysis-using-multiple-data-sources
#12
J Reyes-Urueña, C Campbell, C Hernando, N Vives, C Folch, L Ferrer, L Fernández-López, A Esteve, J Casabona
Migrants are considered a key group at risk for HIV infection. This study describes differences between migrants and the Spanish-born population as they progress through the HIV care cascade in Catalonia, Spain. This study found that among people reached by prevention activities, migrants had a higher number of barriers to access HIV testing services than Spanish-born people, driven primarily by shared risk factors. Between 2001 and 2013, 9829 new HIV diagnoses were reported in Catalonia, the proportion of migrants increasing from 24% in 2001 to 41% in 2013...
March 8, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260470/american-society-of-anesthesiologists-classification-versus-ariscat-risk-index-predicting-pulmonary-complications-following-renal-transplant
#13
Elif Kupeli, Balam Er Dedekarginoglu, Gaye Ulubay, Fusun Oner Eyuboglu, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Patients with chronic renal failure are prone to pulmonary complications. Renal transplant recipients should undergo complete preoperative evaluation to determine risk of postoperative pulmonary complications. The American Society of Anesthesiologists classification and the Assess Respiratory Risk in Surgical Patients in Catalonia risk index correlate well with incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications. Here, we compared their accuracy in predicting pulmonary complications following renal transplant...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251276/lack-of-essential-information-in-spontaneous-reports-of-adverse-drug-reactions-in-catalonia-a-restraint-to-the-potentiality-for-signal-detection
#14
Lorraine Plessis, Ainhoa Gómez, Núria García, Gloria Cereza, Albert Figueras
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to analyze the quality of the information contained in the adverse drug reactions (ADR) reports and to describe the magnitude and characteristics of the lacking information. METHODS: All reports of serious ADR received by the Catalan Center of Pharmacovigilance in 2014 were analyzed using the VigiGrade and a more clinical and qualitative approach. RESULTS: Up to 824 reports describing serious ADR were included in the study; of them, 503 (61...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248974/the-effect-of-randomised-exposure-to-different-types-of-natural-outdoor-environments-compared-to-exposure-to-an-urban-environment-on-people-with-indications-of-psychological-distress-in-catalonia
#15
Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher J Gidlow, David Martínez, Jeroen de Bont, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Tania Martínez-Íñiguez, Gemma Hurst, Daniel Masterson, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Edmund Seto, Marc V Jones, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
INTRODUCTION: Experimental studies have reported associations between short-term exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE) and health benefits. However, they lack insight into mechanisms, often have low external and ecological validity, and have rarely focused on people with some psycho-physiological affection. The aim of this study was to use a randomized, case-crossover design to investigate: (i) the effects of unconstrained exposure to real natural and urban environments on psycho-physiological indicators of people with indications of psychological distress, (ii) the possible differential effects of 30 and 30+180 minutes exposures, and (iii) the possible mechanisms explaining these effects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248445/prevalence-and-distribution-of-hepatitis-c-virus-genotypes-in-spain-during-the-2000-2015-period-the-gehep-005-study
#16
Antonio Aguilera, Daniel Navarro, Francisco Rodríguez Frias, Isabel Viciana, Ana María Martínez-Sapiña, Mario José Rodríguez, Elisa Martró, María Del Carmen Lozano, Eleda Coletta, Laura Cardeñoso, Avelina Suárez, Matilde Trigo, Javier Rodríguez-Granjer, Natalia Montiel, Alberto de la Iglesia, Juan Carlos Alados, Cesar Vegas, Samuel Bernal, Felipe Fernández-Cuenca, María José Pena, Gabriel Reina, Silvia García-Bujalance, María Julia Echevarria, Laura Benítez, Sonia Pérez-Castro, Dolores Ocete, Isabel García-Arata, Carmen Guerrero, Manuel Rodríguez-Iglesias, Paz Casas, Federico García
AIM: We report the largest study on the prevalence and distribution of HCV genotypes in Spain (2000-2015), and we relate them with clinical, epidemiological and virological factors. METHODS: Patients from 29 hospitals in 10 autonomous communities (Andalusia, Aragon, Castilla-Leon, Catalonia, Galicia, Canary Islands, Madrid-Community, Valencian-Community, Murcia Region and Basque Country) have been studied. Annual distribution of HCV genotypes and subtypes, as well as gender, age, transmission route, HIV and/or HBV-coinfection, and treatment details were recorded...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244779/trends-in-the-association-between-smoking-history-and-general-central-obesity-in-catalonia-spain-1992-2003
#17
Alicia García Álvarez, Lluís Serra-Majem, Conxa Castell, Lourdes Ribas-Barba, Michelle A Méndez
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends in the relationship between smoking history and both general and central fatness in adults from a Mediterranean setting. Materials and methods: The ENCAT 1992-1993 and 2002-2003 surveys were used; samples consisted of 482 men, 589 women from 1992-1993, and 515 men, 613 women from 2002-2003, aged 25-60 years. Measured anthropometry and self-reported data on smoking habits, diet, lifestyle and SES were collected. General fatness was defined as WHO's BMI overweight and obesity, and central fatness was defined as WHO's Increased-Risk-for-metabolic-complications Waist Circumference (IR WC) and Substantially-Increased-Risk WC (SIR WC)...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238636/-kawasaki-disease-is-more-prevalent-in-rural-areas-of-catalonia-spain
#18
Judith Sánchez-Manubens, Jordi Antón, Rosa Bou, Estibaliz Iglesias, Joan Calzada-Hernandez, Xavier Rodó, Josep-Antón Morguí
INTRODUCTION: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute self-limited systemic vasculitis relatively common in childhood. The etiology of KD is still unknown, although clinical, laboratory and epidemiological features suggest an infectious origin or trigger. Differences on incidence between countries have been related to specific genetic factors, ethnicity, country of birth and some other sociocultural and environmental factors. We present a population-based study on incidence of KD in Catalonia (Spain), focusing on differences between patients in rural and non-rural areas of the region...
February 23, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236538/understanding-variations-in-the-use-of-hypofractionated-radiotherapy-and-its-specific-indications-for-breast-cancer-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Joan Prades, Manel Algara, Josep A Espinàs, Blanca Farrús, Meritxell Arenas, Victoria Reyes, Virginia García-Reglero, Maria Josep Cambra, Esther Rubio, Lluis Anglada, Arantxa Eraso, Agustí Pedro, Maria J Fuentes-Raspall, Victòria Tuset, Judit Solà, Josep M Borras
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Radiation oncology guidelines favour hypofractionated whole-breast radiotherapy (HWBRT) over more conventional schemes in the conservative treatment of breast cancer, but its adoption still varies in clinical practice. This study assessed the patterns of HWBRT adoption in Catalonia (Spain). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used a mixed-methods approach based on an explanatory sequential design, first collecting and analysing quantitative data on HWBRT use (>2...
February 21, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228660/estimating-the-economic-consequences-of-an-increased-medication-adherence-due-to-a-potential-improvement-in-the-inhaler-technique-with-spiromax-%C3%A2-compared-with-turbuhaler-%C3%A2-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-spain
#20
Josep Darbà, Gabriela Ramírez, Juan L García-Rivero, Sagrario Mayoralas, José Francisco Pascual, Diego Vargas, Adi Bijedic
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the economic impact of the introduction of DuoResp(®) Spiromax(®), budesonide/formoterol fixed-dose combination (FDC), focusing on an increase in medication adherence due to an enhancement of the inhalation technique for the treatment of COPD patients in Spain and 5 regions including Andalusia, Catalonia, Galicia, Madrid, and Valencia. METHODS: A 4-year budget impact model was developed for the time period of 2015-2018...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
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