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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529099/the-value-of-comparative-research-in-major-day-surgery
#1
Alba Llop-Gironés, Montse Vergara-Duarte, Josep Anton Sánchez, Gemma Tarafa, Joan Benach
OBJECTIVE: To measure time trends in major day surgery rates according to hospital ownership and other hospital characteristics among the providers of the public healthcare network of Catalonia, Spain. METHOD: Data from the Statistics of Health Establishments providing Inpatient Care. A generalized linear mixed model with Gaussian response and random intercept and random slopes. RESULTS: The greatest growth in the rate of major day surgery was observed among private for-profit hospitals: 42...
May 19, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527596/pharmacological-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease-in-the-population-of-catalonia
#2
Mercè Obach, Pilar Lopez, Arantxa Catalan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516818/the-changing-epidemiology-of-spinal-tuberculosis-the-influence-of-international-immigration-in-catalonia-1993-2014
#3
M Peghin, D Rodriguez-Pardo, A Sanchez-Montalva, F Pellisé, A Rivas, T Tortola, J Aguilar, B Almirante, C Pigrau
The overall incidence of spinal tuberculosis (TB) appears to be stable or declining in most European countries, but with an increasing proportion of cases in the foreign-born populations. We performed a retrospective observational study (1993-2014), including all cases of spinal TB diagnosed at a Barcelona hospital to assess the epidemiological changes. Fifty-four episodes (48·1% males, median age 52 years) of spinal TB were diagnosed. The percentage of foreign-born residents with spinal TB increased from 14% to 45·2% in the last 10 years (P = 0·017)...
May 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504815/the-arago-laboratory-of-banyuls-and-some-of-its-academicians
#4
Marie-Odile Soyer-Gobillard
Since its founding in 1881 by Henri de Lacaze-Duthiers (1821-1901), the Arago Laboratory of Banyuls has been one of the three marine stations of the University Pierre and Marie Curie-Paris 6. It is located in Banyuls (Banyuls-sur-Mer) in Northern Catalonia. The center hosts researchers and students from all over the world. Some became famous, including four Nobel Prize winners: André Lwoff (1965), Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (1991), Albert Fert (2007) and Jules Hoffmann (2011). This article focuses on five scientists closely related to the center...
December 2016: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489846/-gastrointestinal-bleeding-and-acute-hepatic-failure-by-leptospirosis-an-entity-that-should-not-be-forgotten
#5
Carlos Alventosa Mateu, Lydia Plana Campos, Laura Larrey Ruíz, Raquel Acedo Mayordomo, Laura Sanchís Artero, Laura Peño Muñoz, Paola Concepción Núñez Martínez, Génesis Aurora Castillo López, Mercedes Latorre Sánchez, Juan José Urquijo Ponce, Moisés Diago Madrid, Javier Sempere García-Argüelles
Leptospirosis disease is caused by the spirochete Leptospira. It is a worldwide distribution zoonosis, with predominance in the tropics. In Spain, it is not frequent but some cases have been noticed especially in humid areas surrounded by rivers, lakes or ponds, such as Catalonia, Andalucia or the Valencian Community. It is transmitted by a variety of animals such as cows or rats, that are infected either by direct contact with these animals or their urine, or indirectly by consuming or being in contact with water contaminated by their urine...
January 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478747/creation-of-a-virtual-antidotes-network-between-pharmacy-departments-of-catalan-hospitals
#6
Raquel Aguilar-Salmerón, Edurne Fernández de Gamarra-Martínez, Milagros García-Peláez, Antoni Broto-Sumalla, Lidia Martínez-Sánchez, Santiago Nogué-Xarau
Objetive: To design a virtual antidote network between hospitals that could help to locate on-line those hospitals that stocked those antidotes with the highest difficulty in terms of availability, and ensured that the medication was loaned in case of necessity. METHODS: The application was developed by four hospital pharmacists and two clinical toxicologists with the support of a Healthcare Informatics Consultant Company. RESULTS: The antidotes network in Catalonia, Spain, was launched in July 2015...
May 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476265/undiagnosed-hiv-and-hepatitis-c-infection-in-people-who-inject-drugs-from-new-evidence-to-better-practice
#7
Oleguer Parés-Badell, Albert Espelt, Cinta Folch, Xavier Majó, Victoria González, Jordi Casabona, M Teresa Brugal
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to estimate the proportion of undiagnosed HIV or Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and to assess the risk factors associated with an undiagnosed infection. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed among people who inject drugs (PWID) in harm reduction centres in Catalonia, Spain 2008-2012 (n=2243). Self-report of HIV and HCV was compared to oral fluid tests to calculate the proportion of undiagnosed infection. Associations of undiagnosed HIV and HCV with age, origin, risk and protective factors of infection and services use were calculated using a Poisson regression model with robust variance...
June 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471339/child-and-adolescent-sexual-abuse-in-women-seeking-help-for-sexual-and-reproductive-mental-health-problems-prevalence-characteristics-and-disclosure
#8
Sílvia López, Concepció Faro, Lourdes Lopetegui, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera, Mònica Monteagudo, Àngels Avecilla-Palau, Cristina Martínez, Jesús Cobo, María-Isabel Fernández
This is a multicentric, descriptive, cross-sectional study of child and adolescent sexual abuse in women over 18 years in 24 primary care sexual and reproductive health centers in Catalonia. A total of 1,013 women were recruited; 345 (37.6%, 95% CI: 34.6-40.9) reported exposure to child sexual abuse: 32.4% disclosed being touched in a sexual way, and 9.6% reported completed sexual intercourse. Abuse occured before the age of 13 in 63.4% of respondents. The perpetrator was a relative or an acquaintance in almost 80% of cases...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457898/pharmacological-control-of-diabetes-and-hypertension-comorbidity-in-the-elderly-a-study-of-real-world-data
#9
Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Concepción Violán, Tomás López Jiménez, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Teresa Rodríguez-Blanco, Jose M Valderas, Marina Guisado Clavero, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera
AIMS: The study aimed to determine which drug combinations achieve better control in comorbid diabetes and hypertension in a pragmatic sample of primary health care patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: 251 primary health care centres in Catalonia, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: individuals ≥65 years old with a dual diagnosis of hypertension and diabetes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: good control criteria were established as glycated haemoglobin ≤7% and blood pressure <140/90mmHg...
April 27, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453059/-public-health-in-the-health-disease-continuum-an-analysis-from-a-professional-perspective
#10
Valeria Santoro-Lamelas
Objective To explore the components that health professionals use to build and define the concept of Public Health as a specific area of knowledge and intervention within public health policies. Method A qualitative analysis of content was performed based on 20 semi-structured interviews with health professionals participating in the demonstration project conducted by the Public Health Agency of Garrotxa in Catalonia, Spain (2009-2012). Results Health professionals use the health-disease continuum to provide guidance to all State policies on health: public health is usually related to health and care regarding disease...
August 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442901/characteristics-of-copd-patients-initiating-treatment-with-aclidinium-or-tiotropium-in-primary-care-in-catalonia-a-population-based-study
#11
Mònica Monteagudo, Montse Roset, Teresa Rodriguez-Blanco, Laura Muñoz, Marc Miravitlles
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare demographic and clinical profile of patients newly initiated on aclidinium (ACL) or tiotropium (TIO) and identify factors associated with newly initiated ACL in real-life clinical practice during 2013 in Catalonia. DESIGN: We performed a population-based, retrospective, observational study with data obtained from the Information System for Research Development in Primary Care, a population database that contains information of 5...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434413/drug-evaluation-and-decision-making-in-catalonia-development-and-validation-of-a-methodological-framework-based-on-multi-criteria-decision-analysis-mcda-for-orphan-drugs
#12
Antoni Gilabert-Perramon, Josep Torrent-Farnell, Arancha Catalan, Alba Prat, Manel Fontanet, Ruth Puig-Peiró, Sandra Merino-Montero, Hanane Khoury, Mireille M Goetghebeur, Xavier Badia
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to adapt and assess the value of a Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) framework (EVIDEM) for the evaluation of Orphan drugs in Catalonia (Catalan Health Service). METHODS: The standard evaluation and decision-making procedures of CatSalut were compared with the EVIDEM methodology and contents. The EVIDEM framework was adapted to the Catalan context, focusing on the evaluation of Orphan drugs (PASFTAC program), during a Workshop with sixteen PASFTAC members...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430945/effects-of-a-counselling-intervention-to-improve-contraception-in-deprived-neighbourhoods-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Elia Díez, Maria J López, Marc Marí-Dell'Olmo, Laia Nebot, Gloria Pérez, Joan R Villalbi, Ramon Carreras
This study aims to evaluate the effects of a community-based counselling intervention to improve contraception use among immigrant and native residents in deprived neighbourhoods. : Randomized controlled trial. Women aged 14-49 years and men aged 14-39 years from two low-income neighbourhoods with high proportion of immigration in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain) who had not undergone irreversible contraception and were not planning a pregnancy were recruited (2011-13). A culturally developed and theoretically based brief counselling intervention was delivered in community settings...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416364/-implementation-of-nurse-demand-managment-in-primary-health-care-service-providers-in-catalonia
#14
Alba Brugués Brugués, Irene Cubells Asensio, Gemma Flores Mateo
OBJECTIVE: To describe and analyse the implementaction of nurse demand managment (NDM) among health care providers in Catalonia from 2005 to 2014. DESIGN: Cross sectional survey. Participants All service providers in Catalonia (n=37). Main measurements Interviews with nurse manager of each health care provides about ht barriers and facilitators concerning NDM. Facilitators and barriers were classified into 3 types: (i)health professional (competence, attitudes, motivation for change and individual characteristics); (ii)social context (patients and companions), and (iii)system related factors (organization and structure, economic incentives)...
April 14, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411873/-survey-adaptation-for-bio-behavioural-surveillance-of-hiv-in-chilean-female-sex-workers
#15
Bielka Carvajal, Valeria Stuardo, José Manuel Manríquez, Julieta Belmar, Cinta Folch
OBJECTIVE: To adapt a behavioural questionnaire for second-generation HIV/AIDS surveillance in female sex workers (FSWs) in the Metropolitan Region, Chile. METHODS: Qualitative study of instruments validation. A Spanish instrument adapted in Catalonia was validated through a translation and back-translation of the original version. The content validity was determined through a modified Delphi method, via FSW and HIV experts representing community, political and institutional levels...
April 12, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397576/association-between-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-symptoms-and-attentional-network-and-working-memory-in-primary-schoolchildren
#16
E Camprodon-Rosanas, N Ribas-Fitó, S Batlle, C Persavento, M Alvarez-Pedrerol, J Sunyer, J Forns
BACKGROUND: Few consistent data are available in relation to the cognitive and neuropsychological processes involved in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms. The objective of this study was to determine the association of working memory and attentional networks with SCT symptoms in primary schoolchildren. METHODS: The participants were schoolchildren aged 7 to 10 years ( n = 183) from primary schools in Catalonia (Spain). All the participants completed a working memory task (n-back) and an attentional network task (ANT)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386883/simulating-changes-in-cropping-practices-in-conventional-and-glyphosate-resistant-maize-ii-%C3%A2-weed-impacts-on-crop-production-and-biodiversity
#17
Nathalie Colbach, Henri Darmency, Alice Fernier, Sylvie Granger, Valérie Le Corre, Antoine Messéan
Overreliance on the same herbicide mode of action leads to the spread of resistant weeds, which cancels the advantages of herbicide-tolerant (HT) crops. Here, the objective was to quantify, with simulations, the impact of glyphosate-resistant (GR) weeds on crop production and weed-related wild biodiversity in HT maize-based cropping systems differing in terms of management practices. We (1) simulated current conventional and probable HT cropping systems in two European regions, Aquitaine and Catalonia, with the weed dynamics model FLORSYS; (2) quantified how much the presence of GR weeds contributed to weed impacts on crop production and biodiversity; (3) determined the effect of cultural practices on the impact of GR weeds and (4) identified which species traits most influence weed-impact indicators...
May 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376798/effects-of-extreme-temperatures-on-cardiovascular-emergency-hospitalizations-in-a-mediterranean-region-a-self-controlled-case-series-study
#18
Anna Ponjoan, Jordi Blanch, Lia Alves-Cabratosa, Ruth Martí-Lluch, Marc Comas-Cufí, Dídac Parramon, María Del Mar Garcia-Gil, Rafel Ramos, Irene Petersen
BACKGROUND: Cold spells and heatwaves increase mortality. However little is known about the effect of heatwaves or cold spells on cardiovascular morbidity. This study aims to assess the effect of cold spells and heatwaves on cardiovascular diseases in a Mediterranean region (Catalonia, Southern Europe). METHODS: We conducted a population-based retrospective study. Data were obtained from the System for the Development of Research in Primary Care and from the Catalan Meteorological Service...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359798/effect-of-high-valency-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-on-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-children-in-spidnet-countries-an-observational-multicentre-study
#19
Camelia Savulescu, Pavla Krizova, Agnes Lepoutre, Jolita Mereckiene, Didrik F Vestrheim, Pilar Ciruela, Maria Ordobas, Marcela Guevara, Eisin McDonald, Eva Morfeldt, Jana Kozakova, Emmanuelle Varon, Suzanne Cotter, Brita A Winje, Carmen Munoz-Almagro, Luis Garcia, Jesus Castilla, Andrew Smith, Birgitta Henriques-Normark, Lucia Pastore Celentano, Germaine Hanquet
BACKGROUND: The Streptococcus pneumoniae Invasive Disease network (SpIDnet) actively monitors populations in nine sites in seven European countries for invasive pneumococcal disease. Five sites use 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) alone and four use the ten-valent PCV (PCV10) and PCV13. Vaccination uptake is greater than 90% in six sites and 67-78% in three sites. We measured the effects of introducing high-valency PCVs on the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease in children younger than 5 years...
March 27, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355225/aridity-influences-the-recovery-of-vegetation-and-shrubland-birds-after-wildfire
#20
Roger Puig-Gironès, Lluís Brotons, Pere Pons
Wildfires play a determining role in the composition and structure of many plant and animal communities. On the other hand, climate change is considered to be a major driver of current and future fire regime changes. Despite increases in drought in many areas of the world, the effects of aridity on post-fire colonization by animals have been rarely addressed. This study aims to analyse how a regional aridity gradient affects post-fire recovery of vegetation, bird species richness and the numbers of four early to middle-successional warbler species associated with the shrub cover...
2017: PloS One
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