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Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, María Lozano-Madrid, Zaida Agüera, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Anna M Pedraza, Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Ana E Ortiz García, Teresa Rangil, Eulalia Lorán, Jose Soriano-Pacheco, Laura Medrano-Puigdollers, Sara Bujalance-Arguijo, Gina Badia, Maria Luque, Gloria Tràfach, Osane Gómez, Joan Peña, Carme Fabra, Maria Teresa Plana, Reyes Raspall, Isabel Sánchez, Nadine Riesco, Roser Granero, Cristina Carretero-Jardí, Janet Treasure, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate a Spanish version of the Caregiver Skills scale (CASK) in a sample of eating disorder (ED) caregivers. A further aim was to examine the concordance/discrepancy between them (namely, between the mothers and fathers of ED patients). METHOD: Two hundred sixty-five ED caregivers were recruited from ED centers in Catalonia, Spain. Confirmatory factor analyses was used to test the factorial structure of the CASK scale. Cronbach's α was used to measure internal consistency of the CASK scales...
July 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
José V Roces-Díaz, Jordi Vayreda, Mireia Banqué-Casanovas, Emilio Díaz-Varela, Jose A Bonet, Lluis Brotons, Sergio de-Miguel, Sergi Herrando, Jordi Martínez-Vilalta
The implementation of the Ecosystem Services (ES) framework (including supply and demand) should be based on accurate spatial assessments to make it useful for land planning or environmental management. Despite the inherent dependence of ES assessments on the spatial resolution at which they are conducted, the studies analyzing these effects on ES supply and their relationships are still scarce. To study the influence of the spatial level of analysis on ES patterns and on the relationships among different ES, we selected seven indicators representing ES supply and three variables that describe forest cover and biodiversity for Catalonia (NE Iberian Peninsula)...
June 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
César Vargas-Blasco, Esperanza L Gómez-Durán, Carles Martin-Fumadó, Josep Arimany-Manso
OBJECTIVES: Data about urology malpractice claims in our environment are scarce and should be considered a potential opportunity to "learn from errors". METHODS: We analyzed every claim for alleged malpractice in Urology managed by the Council of Medical Colleges of Catalonia between 1990 and 2012, and specifically evaluated the clinical and medicolegal features of those cases with medical professional responsibility. RESULTS: We identified 182 cases in 22 years, but only the 25,74%showed professional liability...
June 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Marta Benet, Ramon Escuriet, Manuela Alcaraz-Quevedo, Sandra Ezquerra, Margarida Pla
OBJECTIVE: We analyse how reproductive health strategies have been incorporated into the everyday activities of the services and the resulting transformation of professional and user practices. METHOD: Cartographic research taking a multi-sited ethnographic approach that seeks to reveal the processes of transformation. Data generation techniques featuring participant observation and situated interviews. Discourse analysis of the text corpus using three analytical axes based on three main lines of action promoted by the strategies...
June 2, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
E Losada, B Soldevila, M S Ali, D Martínez-Laguna, X Nogués, M Puig-Domingo, A Díez-Pérez, D Mauricio, D Prieto-Alhambra
We conducted a nested case-control study to study the association between antidiabetic treatments (alone or in combination) use and fracture risk among incident type 2 Diabetes mellitus patients. We found an increased risk of bone fracture with insulin therapy compared to metformin monotherapy. INTRODUCTION: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have an increased risk of fragility fractures, to which antidiabetic therapies may contribute. We aimed to characterize the risk of fracture associated with different antidiabetic treatments as usually prescribed to T2DM patients in actual practice conditions...
June 2, 2018: Osteoporosis International
M A Martínez, J Rovira, R Prasad Sharma, M Nadal, M Schuhmacher, V Kumar
Bisphenol A (BPA) and Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) are two wide spread chemicals classified as endocrine disruptors (ED). The present study aims to estimate the non-dietary (dermal, non-dietary ingestion and inhalation) exposure to BPA and DEHP for a pregnant women cohort. In addition, to assess the prenatal exposure for the fetus, a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model was used. It was adapted for pregnancy in order to assess the internal dosimetry levels of EDs (BPA and DEHP) in the fetus...
May 30, 2018: Environmental Research
Mònica Povedano, Marc Saez, Juan-Antonio Martínez-Matos, Maria Antònia Barceló
BACKGROUND: It is believed that an interaction between genetic and non-genetic factors may be involved in the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). With the exception of exposure to agricultural chemicals like pesticides, evidence of an association between environmental risk factors and ALS is inconsistent. Our objective here was to investigate the association between long-term exposure to environmental factors and the occurrence of ALS in Catalonia, Spain, and to provide evidence that spatial clusters of ALS related to these environmental factors exist...
May 31, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Maite Martínez-Eixarch, Carles Alcaraz, Marc Viñas, Joan Noguerol, Xavier Aranda, Francesc Xavier Prenafeta-Boldú, Jesús Antonio Saldaña-De la Vega, Maria Del Mar Català, Carles Ibáñez
Paddy rice fields are one of the most important sources of anthropogenic methane. Improving the accuracy in the CH4 budget is fundamental to identify strategies to mitigate climate change. Such improvement requires a mechanistic understanding of the complex interactions between environmental and agronomic factors determining CH4 emissions, and also the characterization of the annual temporal CH4 emissions pattern in the whole crop cycle. Hence, both the growing and fallow seasons must be included. However, most of the previous research has been based on single-factor analyses that are focused on the growing season...
2018: PloS One
Andrés Marco, Mercè Roget, Manuel Cervantes, Montserrat Forné, Ramón Planella, Mireia Miquel, Jordi Ortiz, Marta Navarro, Carlos Gallego, Mercedes Vergara
Chronic hepatitis C treatment with direct acting antiviral (DAA) therapy during incarceration is an attractive option, due to its short duration and to the possibility of directly observed treatment or supervision. The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness and rates of discontinuation of DAA treatment in prisoners and non-prisoners. We studied all patients treated in the 10 prisons of Catalonia and at three public hospitals in the Barcelona area between January 1, 2015 and April 30, 2016. We analyzed sustained viral response (SVR) and rates of discontinuation through intention-to-treat and modified-intention-to-treat analyses, the latter excluding discontinuations due to release from prison...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
A Bartra, J-R Caeiro, M Mesa-Ramos, I Etxebarría-Foronda, J Montejo, P Carpintero, F Sorio-Vilela, S Gatell, L Canals
OBJECTIVE: We estimated the health resource utilization (HRU) and associated costs during the 12months after a first osteoporotic hip fracture (OHF) in six Spanish Regions. METHODS: Observational, prospective study including patients ≥65years-old hospitalized due to a first OHF in: Andalusia, Catalonia, Valencian Community, Galicia, Madrid and the Basque Country. HRU related to OHF, quality of life and patient autonomy were collected, and HRU-associated costs were estimated...
May 21, 2018: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
Ainhoa Gomez-Lumbreras, Jordi Cortes, Maria Giner-Soriano, M Angeles Quijada-Manuitt, Rosa Morros
BACKGROUND: Apixaban is a direct oral anticoagulant, which inhibits factor Xa. It has demonstrated clinical efficacy in prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in adult patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and a better safety profile compared to warfarin. OBJECTIVES: (1) To describe the characteristics of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation beginning treatment with apixaban, (2) to analyze concomitant prescriptions of medications that could potentially interact with apixaban, (3) to evaluate the level of appropriate usage according to the recommended dosage, and (4) to estimate the level of apixaban persistence among naive and non-naive patients...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Laia Ferrer Serret, Montserrat Solsona Pairó
Induced abortion is one option to control fertility in Spain. Young adult women (25-34 years old) show a different abortion pattern compared to women in other age groups, being less likely to seek abortions than younger women and having one of the lowest proportions of unintended pregnancies. We aimed to analyse the factors involved in the pregnancy decision-making process to better understand why young adult women seek abortions in Catalonia, Spain. In-depth semi-structured interviews with 25 nulliparous pregnant young adult women and one focus group discussion with healthcare providers were conducted in 2008/2010...
May 21, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
Miguel Santin, Irene Barrabeig, Pierre Malchair, Lucia Gonzalez-Luquero, Miguel A Benitez, Josefina Sabria, Merce Palau-Benavent, Concepcion Cañete, Joan A Lloret-Queraltó, Maria D Grijota-Camino, Jordi Dorca, Fernando Alcaide
In Spain, systematic reporting of pulmonary infections with nontuberculous mycobacteria is not mandatory. Therefore, to determine trends, we retrospectively identified cases for January 1994-December 2014 in Catalonia. Over the 21 years, prevalence increased and was associated with being male. Mycobacterium avium complex and M. abscessus prevalence increased; M. kansasii prevalence decreased.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Javier Osorio, Carlos Jericó, Coro Miranda, Elisenda Garsot, Alexis Luna, Mónica Miró, Maite Santamaría, Eva Artigau, Joaquín Rodríguez-Santiago, Sandra Castro, Josep Feliu, Aurora Aldeano, Carles Olona, Dulce Momblan, David Ruiz, Gonzalo Galofré, Inmaculada Pros, Xabier García-Albéniz, Miguel Lozano, Manuel Pera
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated allogenic packed red blood cell (aPRBC) transfusion rates in patients undergoing resection for gastric cancer and the implementation of blood-saving protocols (BSP). METHODS: Retrospective study of all gastric cancer patients operated on with curative intent in Catalonia and Navarra (2011-2013) and included in the Spanish subset of the EURECCA Oesophago-Gastric Cancer Registry. Hospitals with BSP were defined as those with a preoperative haemoglobin (Hb) optimisation circuit associated with restrictive transfusion strategies...
May 14, 2018: Cirugía Española
Marta Torres-Ferrus, Carme Vila-Sala, Manuel Quintana, Sara Ajanovic, Victor José Gallardo, Juan Bernardo Gomez, José Alvarez-Sabin, Alfons Macaya, Patricia Pozo-Rosich
Objective To evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of headache and its relationship with comorbidities and lifestyle in a teenage population. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. Data was collected from students aged 12-18 years from six different schools in Catalonia, Spain. They completed an anonymous questionnaire with demographic, lifestyle, medical data, presence of recurrent headaches and its features, and completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. We defined probable migraine if headache presented ≥ 3 ICHD-3 beta criteria for migraine...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
R Vernet, J M Borras, L Aliste, M Antonio, A Guarga, P Manchon-Walsh
BACKGROUND: Population ageing is a relevant concern in people diagnosed with rectal cancer. This study evaluates the adherence to clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) and patient outcomes in rectal cancer, with a particular focus on variation according to age. METHODS: This is a multicentre retrospective cohort study of all patients surgically treated for the first time for primary rectal cancer with curative intent in public hospitals in Catalonia during two study periods: first, with data from 2005 to 2007, and then with data from 2011 to 2012...
May 15, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
Maria Pallisera, Montserrat Vilà, Judit Fullana, Gemma Díaz-Garolera, Carolina Puyalto, Maria-Josep Valls
BACKGROUND: Support from professionals plays an important role in helping people with intellectual disabilities to live an independent life. This research aims to analyse the role played by support professionals based on the perceptions of the professionals and self-advocates with intellectual disabilities. The research was conducted in Catalonia (Spain). METHOD: A total of 33 interviews were conducted with front-line managers and 10 focus groups with 72 self-advocates...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
Pedro Plans-Rubió, Encarna Navas, Pere Godoy, Gloria Carmona, Angela Domínguez, Mireia Jané, Carmen Muñoz-Almagro, Pedro Brotons
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess direct health costs in children with pertussis aged 0-9 years who were vaccinated, partially vaccinated, and unvaccinated during childhood, and to assess the association between pertussis costs and pertussis vaccination in Catalonia (Spain) in 2012-2013. METHODS: Direct healthcare costs included pertussis treatment, pertussis detection, and preventive chemotherapy of contacts. Pertussis patients were considered vaccinated when they had received 4-5 doses, and unvaccinated or partially vaccinated when they had received 0-3 doses of vaccine...
May 14, 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
Silvia Sans, Joan Ferré, Ricard Boqué, José Sabaté, Joan Casals, Joan Simó
'Calçots', the immature floral stems of second-year onion resprouts, are an economically important traditional crop in Catalonia (Spain). Classical approaches to evaluating the chemical properties of 'calçots' are time consuming and expensive; near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) may be faster and cheaper. We used NIRS to develop partial least square (PLS) models to predict dry matter, soluble solid content, titratable acidity, and ash content in cooked 'calçots'. To guarantee the robustness of the models, calibration samples were grown and analyzed in a first season (2014-15) and validation samples in a second season (2015-16)...
October 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Víctor Sarto I Monteys, Glòria Torras I Tutusaus
In this paper, the invasion of a new alien beetle species to Europe, the longhorn Xylotrechus chinensis (Chevrolat) (Cerambycidae), originating from East Asia, is revealed. It has settled in Catalonia (Spain), occupying at present an area of at least 44.1 km², where it has been shown to severely infest (ca. 10 to 45%) and eventually kill mulberry trees in private and public grounds. The main objective of this study was to evaluate its impact and provide new significant insights into its life history, seasonality, reproductive capacity (females produce an average of 83...
May 9, 2018: Insects
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