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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786898/adults-with-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-alcohol-use-disorder-and-opioid-use-disorder-the-effectiveness-of-modified-prolonged-exposure
#1
Kelly R Peck, Julie A Schumacher, Paul R Stasiewicz, Scott F Coffey
Opioid use disorders (OUDs) are a growing problem in the United States. When OUDs co-occur with problematic drinking and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), negative drug-related mental and physical health outcomes may be exacerbated. Thus, it is important to establish whether PTSD treatments with established efficacy for dually diagnosed individuals also demonstrate efficacy in individuals who engage in problematic drinking and concurrent opioid misuse. Adults who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for PTSD and alcohol dependence were recruited from a substance use treatment facility and were randomly assigned to receive either modified prolonged exposure (mPE) therapy for PTSD or a non-trauma-focused comparison treatment...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786495/occupational-moral-injury-and-mental-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Victoria Williamson, Sharon A M Stevelink, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Many people confront potentially morally injurious experiences (PMIEs) in the course of their work which can violate deeply held moral values or beliefs, putting them at risk for psychological difficulties (e.g. post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, etc.).AimsWe aimed to assess the effect of moral injury on mental health outcomes. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association between work-related PMIEs and mental health disorders...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786461/gender-and-diagnostic-impact-on-everyday-technology-use-a-differential-item-functioning-dif-analysis-of-the-everyday-technology-use-questionnaire-etuq
#3
Anders Kottorp, Camilla Malinowsky, Maria Larsson-Lund, Louise Nygård
BACKGROUND: As the use of everyday technology is increasingly important for participation in daily activities, more in-depth knowledge of everyday technology use in relation to diagnosis and gender is needed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the stability of the perceived challenge of a variety of everyday technologies across different samples of varying diagnoses including both males and females. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used 643 data records from clinical and research samples, including persons with dementia or related disorders, acquired brain injury, intellectual disability, various mental or medical disorders, and adults without known diagnoses...
May 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785838/learning-and-processing-abstract-words-and-concepts-insights-from-typical-and-atypical-development
#4
Gabriella Vigliocco, Marta Ponari, Courtenay Norbury
The paper describes two plausible hypotheses concerning the learning of abstract words and concepts. According to a first hypothesis, children would learn abstract words by extracting co-occurrences among words in linguistic input, using, for example, mechanisms as described by models of Distributional Semantics. According to a second hypothesis, children would exploit the fact that abstract words tend to have more emotional associations than concrete words to infer that they refer to internal/mental states...
May 21, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785710/insomnia-in-community-living-persons-with-advanced-age
#5
Brienne Miner, Thomas M Gill, H Klar Yaggi, Nancy S Redeker, Peter H Van Ness, Ling Han, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiology of insomnia, including demographic and clinical correlates, in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Yale Precipitating Events Project participants (N=379; mean age 84.3; 67.8% female; 11.9% African American). MEASUREMENTS: Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), with scores of 8 and higher indicating insomnia, which was further stratified according to ISI score as mild (8-14), moderate (15-21), or severe (22-28)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785707/burden-of-mental-illness-and-non-communicable-diseases-and-risk-factors-for-mental-illness-among-refugees-in-buffalo-ny-2004-2014
#6
Wudeneh Mulugeta, Hong Xue, Myron Glick, Jungwon Min, Michael F Noe, Youfa Wang
INTRODUCTION: Limited is known about mental illness and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and their risk factors among refugees. These were studied using data collected from a refugee population in Buffalo, NY. METHODS: Longitudinal data collected on 1055 adults (> 18 years) at a large refugee health center in Buffalo, NY, during 2004-2014 were used. Main outcomes were hypertension, diabetes, tobacco use, obesity, overweight/obesity, and mental illness. Risk factors were assessed using multivariate regression models...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785199/physical-exercise-for-parkinson-s-disease-clinical-and-experimental-evidence
#7
REVIEW
Alessandro Oliveira de Carvalho, Alberto Souza Sá Filho, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Sergio Machado
Background: National projections about the increase in the elderly population over 60 years bring with it an increase in the number of people affected by Parkinson's Disease (PD), making it an important public health problem. Therefore, the establishment of effective strategies for intervention in people with PD needs to be more clearly investigated. Objective: The study aimed to report the effectiveness of exercise on functional capacity and neurobiological mechanisms in people with PD...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785144/the-neuropsychology-of-emerging-psychosis-and-the-role-of-working-memory-in-episodic-memory-encoding
#8
Marlon O Pflueger, Pasquale Calabrese, Erich Studerus, Ronan Zimmermann, Ute Gschwandtner, Stefan Borgwardt, Jacqueline Aston, Rolf-Dieter Stieglitz, Anita Riecher-Rössler
Background: Episodic memory encoding and working memory (WM) deficits are among the first cognitive signs and symptoms in the course of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. However, it is not clear whether the deficit pattern is generalized or specific in nature. We hypothesized that encoding deficits at an early stage of the disease might be due to the more fundamental WM deficits. Methods: We examined episodic memory encoding and WM by administering the California Verbal Learning Test, a 2-back task, and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in 90 first-episode psychosis (FE) patients and 116 individuals with an at-risk mental state for psychosis (ARMS) compared to 57 healthy subjects...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785111/association-of-serotonin-receptor-2a-haplotypes-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-its-treatment-response-in-iranian-patients-a-genetic-and-pharmacogenetic-study
#9
Marzie Sina, Abolhassan Ahmadiani, Sareh Asadi, Jamal Shams
Introduction: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder causing intrusive thoughts or repetitive behaviors. Serotonin reuptake inhibitors are used for OCD treatment, but 40%-60% of patients do not respond to them adequately. In this study, the associations of serotonin receptor 2a polymorphisms rs6311 and rs6313 with OCD, its familial form and fluvoxamine treatment response in Iranian population were investigated. Patients and methods: Association analyses were conducted in 293 OCD cases fulfilling the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV-TR and 245 controls...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784572/the-burden-of-familial-chylomicronemia-syndrome-results-from-the-global-in-focus-study
#10
Michael Davidson, Michael Stevenson, Andrew Hsieh, Zahid Ahmad, Jeanine Roeters van Lennep, Caroline Crowson, Joseph L Witztum
BACKGROUND: Familial chylomicronemia syndrome (FCS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by a deficiency of lipoprotein lipase leading to extreme hypertriglyceridemia. Patients' burden of illness and quality of life have been poorly addressed in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To understand the ways in which FCS impacts patients' lives. METHODS: Investigation of Findings and Observations Captured in Burden of Illness Survey (IN-FOCUS) was a global web-based survey open to patients with FCS...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784234/cosleeping-and-behavioral-sleep-problems-in-school-aged-children-with-neurodevelopmental-and-mental-health-disorders
#11
María-Felisa Bastida-Pozuelo, Lisa J Meltzer, María-Montserrat Sánchez-Ortuño
The aim of this study was to explore the presence of sleep-related complaints and their relationship to cosleeping in a sample of 57 children with mental health disorders. Information about the practice of cosleeping was collected through an interview and behavioral sleep problems were evaluated with a subset of items from the Spanish version of the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). Controlling for age, cosleepers scored higher on insomnia, daytime sleepiness and poor sleep scheduling, compared to solitary sleepers...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784223/the-effect-of-a-community-mental-health-training-program-for-multidisciplinary-staff
#12
Bing Xiang Yang, Teresa E Stone, Scott A Davis
BACKGROUND: Primary health workers play a critical role in providing health education to people with mental disorders. In China community health workers working with people with mental health problems lack experience and training in this area. Additionally, coordination between hospital and community staff is not well established. The aim of this study was to provide an interdisciplinary community mental health training program and to evaluate the effect of the training on staff knowledge about mental health and confidence in their roles...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784217/finding-inspiration-from-the-philosophy-of-maurice-merleau-ponty-for-the-practice-of-psychiatric-mental-health-nursing
#13
Sandra P Thomas
The philosophy of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, a unique blend of existentialism and phenomenology, deserves to be better known in psychiatric-mental health nursing. This philosophy is particularly pertinent to the contemporary recovery movement that seeks to dispel the therapeutic nihilism regarding conditions such as schizophrenia, borderline personality, and substance use disorders. This paper provides an overview of Merleau-Ponty's life and work, with emphasis on selected elements of his philosophy that are inspirational for the clinical practice of psychiatric-mental health nursing...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783875/need-for-information-in-a-representative-sample-of-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-disorders
#14
Mário César Rezende Andrade, Mike Slade, Marina Bandeira, Sara Evans-Lacko, Denise Martin, Sérgio Baxter Andreoli
BACKGROUND: Providing adequate information and involving patients in treatment have become an essential component of mental health care. Despite this, research regarding the extent to which this need has been met in clinical services is still scarce. AIMS: To investigate the need for information about psychiatric condition and treatment among outpatients with schizophrenia disorders and how this need is associated with service use, adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical characteristics...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783872/global-mental-health-and-the-national-institute-of-mental-health-research-domain-criteria
#15
Stevan Merill Weine, Scott Langenecker, Aliriza Arenliu
BACKGROUND: The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project presents innovative ways of investigating mental illness based on behavioral and neurobiological measures of dimensional processes. Although cultural psychiatrists have critiqued RDoC's implications and limitations for its under-developed focus on context and experience, RDoC presents opportunities for synergies with global mental health. It can capture aspects of clinical or sub-clinical behavior which are less dependent upon Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783788/development-of-the-mental-synthesis-evaluation-checklist-msec-a-parent-report-tool-for-mental-synthesis-ability-assessment-in-children-with-language-delay
#16
Julia Braverman, Rita Dunn, Andrey Vyshedskiy
Mental synthesis is the conscious purposeful process of synthesizing novel mental images from objects stored in memory. Mental synthesis ability is essential for understanding complex syntax, spatial prepositions, and verb tenses. In typical children, the timeline of mental synthesis acquisition is highly correlated with an increasing vocabulary. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), on the other hand, may learn hundreds of words but never acquire mental synthesis. In these individuals, tests assessing vocabulary comprehension may fail to demonstrate the profound deficit in mental synthesis...
May 20, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783671/views-and-experiences-of-persons-with-chronic-diseases-about-strategies-that-aim-to-integrate-and-re-integrate-them-into-work-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#17
Eva Esteban, Michaela Coenen, Elizabeth Ito, Sonja Gruber, Chiara Scaratti, Matilde Leonardi, Olga Roka, Evdokia Vasilou, Amalia Muñoz-Murillo, Carolina C Ávila, Dare S Kovačič, Ivana Ivandic, Carla Sabariego
The effectiveness of strategies targeting professional integration and reintegration strongly depends on the experiences of participants. The aim of this systematic literature review is to synthesize European qualitative studies exploring views and experiences of persons with chronic conditions regarding strategies for integration and reintegration into work. The systematic search was conducted in Medline, PsycINFO, CDR-HTA, CDR-DARE and Cochrane Systematic Reviews. Overall, 24 studies published in English between January 2011 and April 2016 were included...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783160/children-s-sleep-problems-are-associated-with-poorer-student-teacher-relationship-quality
#18
Alex S Holdaway, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVE: Children's sleep problems are associated with poorer student functioning in the school environment, including impairment in peer relationships; yet, no studies have examined sleep functioning in relation to the student-teacher relationship. The objective of this study was to examine whether child-rated total sleep problems or specific sleep problem domains (bedtime problems, nighttime problems, or daytime sleepiness) were associated with teacher-rated student-teacher closeness and conflict after controlling for student mental health symptoms known to be associated with both greater sleep problems and poorer student-teacher relationship quality...
December 20, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782504/measurement-agreement-of-the-self-administered-questionnaire-of-the-belgian-health-interview-survey-paper-and-pencil-versus-web-based-mode
#19
Elise Braekman, Finaba Berete, Rana Charafeddine, Stefaan Demarest, Sabine Drieskens, Lydia Gisle, Geert Molenberghs, Jean Tafforeau, Johan Van der Heyden, Guido Van Hal
Before organizing mixed-mode data collection for the self-administered questionnaire of the Belgian Health Interview Survey, measurement effects between the paper-and-pencil and the web-based questionnaire were evaluated. A two-period cross-over study was organized with a sample of 149 employees of two Belgian research institutes (age range 22-62 years, 72% female). Measurement agreement was assessed for a diverse range of health indicators related to general health, mental and psychosocial health, health behaviors and prevention with kappa coefficients and intraclass correlation (ICC)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782478/the-therapeutic-relationship-enhancing-referrals
#20
Mary Kathleen Coyle
PURPOSE: This article focuses on the ways rehabilitation nurses use the therapeutic relationship to lessen barriers some veterans experience when a referral to mental health treatment is recommended. DESIGN: Veterans presenting with posttraumatic stress symptoms are discussed, and possible interventions within the therapeutic relationship are proposed. METHOD: Veterans' perception of mental health stigma, building a collaborative therapeutic relationship, recommending a referral and assessments of stress responses, posttraumatic stress symptoms, suicide risk, and intervention strategies are proposed...
May 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
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