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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934000/impact-of-preexisting-mental-illness-on-all-cause-and-breast-cancer-specific-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-breast-cancer
#1
Kristy Iglay, Melissa L Santorelli, Kim M Hirshfield, Jill M Williams, George G Rhoads, Yong Lin, Kitaw Demissie
Purpose Limited data are available on the survival of patients with breast cancer with preexisting mental illness, and elderly women are of special interest because they experience the highest incidence of breast cancer. Therefore, we compared all-cause and breast cancer-specific mortality for elderly patients with breast cancer with and without mental illness. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted by using SEER-Medicare data, including 19,028 women ≥ 68 years of age who were diagnosed with stage I to IIIa breast cancer in the United States from 2005 to 2007...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933888/identifying-stable-variants-of-callous-unemotional-traits-a-longitudinal-study-of-at-risk-girls
#2
Natalie Goulter, Eva R Kimonis, Samuel W Hawes, Stephanie Stepp, Alison E Hipwell
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have proven important for designating children and adolescents showing a pattern of particularly severe, stable, and aggressive antisocial behaviors (Frick, Ray, Thornton, & Kahn, 2014). Individuals with secondary CU traits represent a subpopulation that are distinguished from those with primary CU traits by their high anxiety levels and marked histories of social/environmental adversity; however, evidence is largely based on cross-sectional male samples and this study is the first to examine stable trajectories of CU variants among an all-girl population...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933627/primary-care-for-mentally-ill-adults-in-acute-residential-treatment-facilities
#3
Linda Chafetz, Gerri Collins-Bride
Psychiatric bed capacity has decreased nationally with an impact on the number and the types of patients admitted to acute in-patient units. Acute residential programs provide alternatives to hospitals for patients with problems that do not meet criteria for admission. However, these settings may not have resources to respond to the medical co-morbidities associated with severe mental illness. To understand the medical needs of patients in these settings, this research examined data from a nurse-managed primary care outreach service...
September 21, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933566/validation-of-the-messi-among-adult-workers-and-young-students-general-health-and-personality-correlates
#4
Juan F Díaz-Morales, Christoph Randler, Arturo Arrona-Palacios, Ana Adan
The aim of this study was to provide validity for the Spanish version of the Morningness-Eveningness-Stability Scale - improved (MESSi), a novel evolved assessment of circadian typology which considers the subjective phase and amplitude by morning affect (MA), eveningness (EV) and distinctness (DI; subjective amplitude) sub-scales. Convergence validity of the MESSi with the reduced Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (rMEQ) and relationships with the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and sensitivity to reward and punishment (SR and SP) were analyzed...
September 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933254/the-efficacy-of-a-working-memory-training-in-substance-use-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Sabine Wanmaker, Sophie Maaike Jorinde Leijdesdorff, Elke Geraerts, Ben J M van de Wetering, Peter J Renkema, Ingmar H A Franken
INTRODUCTION: Substance use disorder patients show impairments in working memory (WM) functioning. Previous findings indicate that a WM training results in improvements of working memory capacity (WMC) and in decreased clinical symptoms in a range of mental disorders, including alcohol use disorder. METHOD: The aim of the current study is to investigate the efficacy of a 24-session WM training in addition to treatment as usual on craving, WMC, substance use, impulsivity, attention bias, and psychopathology using a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933237/cross-validation-and-development-of-empirically-derived-adhd-assessment-strategies-insights-from-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-health-add-health
#6
Shirag K Shemmassian, Steve S Lee
OBJECTIVE: There is replicated evidence that individual ADHD symptoms differentially predict ADHD diagnostic status, and that non- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-based symptom algorithms are superior to DSM criteria for ruling in or ruling out ADHD. However, these findings have been limited to case-control samples, despite the need to replicate them in independent and more representative samples and to increase their generalizability. METHOD: We analyzed the base rates and psychometric properties of ADHD symptoms in the population-based National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health; http://www...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933101/-discussion-on-relevant-theories-of-qi-blood-shen-and-formula-implication-of-guan-xin-jing-capsule
#7
Rui-Ping Li, Guo-Hua Yu, Jun-Fang Li, Shi-Huan Tang
In the field of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM),the definition of "Shen" contains a broad concept and a narrow concept. Broad "Shen" is the dominator and administrator of human vital movement,while narrow "Shen" means spirit, consciousness, thinking and emotions of human. "Shen" originates from innate essence of parents, and survives on acquired essence of water and food as well as the nutrition of its metaplastic Qi-Blood-Body fluid. Qi-Blood,the most precious asset of human body, is a quite important section of one person and the central material basis of "Shen-Zhi"...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932652/psychosocial-treatment-options-for-major-depressive-disorder-in-older-adults
#8
Brenna N Renn, Patricia A Areán
Late-life depression (LLD) is a public health concern with deleterious effects on overall health, cognition, quality of life, and mortality. Although LLD is relatively common, it is not a normal part of aging and is often under-recognized in older adults. However, psychotherapy is an effective treatment for LLD that aligns with many patients' preferences and can improve health and functioning. This review synthesized the current literature on evidence-based psychotherapies for the treatment of depression in older adults...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932648/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-looked-after-children-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Renece Willis, Suyog Dhakras, Samuele Cortese
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To systematically review the literature on the prevalence and pharmacological treatment of ADHD in looked-after children (LAC). RECENT FINDINGS: LAC are a very challenging population from a clinical and psychosocial standpoint, with higher mental health needs compared to non LAC. To date, no systematic review on the prevalence of ADHD, and its treatment, in LAC is available. SUMMARY: We searched Pubmed, PsycInfo EMBASE + EMBASE CLASSIC, OVID Medline and Web of Science up to November 9 th, 2016...
2017: Current Developmental Disorders Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931385/internet-use-ehealth-literacy-and-attitudes-toward-computer-internet-among-people-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-in-two-distant-european-regions
#10
Christina Athanasopoulou, Maritta Välimäki, Katerina Koutra, Eliisa Löttyniemi, Antonios Bertsias, Maria Basta, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Christos Lionis
BACKGROUND: Individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders use the Internet for general and health-related purposes. Their ability to find, understand, and apply the health information they acquire online in order to make appropriate health decisions - known as eHealth literacy - has never been investigated. The European agenda strives to limit health inequalities and enhance mental health literacy. Nevertheless, each European member state varies in levels of Internet use and online health information-seeking...
September 20, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931307/autism-spectrum-disorder-screening-with-the-cbcl-1%C3%A2-5-findings-for-young-children-at-high-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Leslie A Rescorla, Breanna M Winder-Patel, Sarah J Paterson, Juhi Pandey, Jason J Wolff, Robert T Schultz, Joseph Piven
The screening power of the CBCL/1½-5's Withdrawn and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Pervasive Developmental Problems (DSM-PDP) scales to identify children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder at 24 months was tested in a longitudinal, familial high-risk study. Participants were 56 children at high risk for autism spectrum disorder due to an affected older sibling (high-risk group) and 26 low-risk children with a typically developing older sibling (low-risk group). At 24 months, 13 of the 56 high-risk children were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, whereas the other 43 were not...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931135/rescuing-israeli-travellers-effects-of-substance-abuse-mental-health-geographic-region-of-rescue-gender-and-age-of-rescuees
#12
Hagit Bonny-Noach, Moran Sagiv-Alayoff
Background: Research conducted on young Israeli travellers has pointed to high substance usage rates. For some drug-using backpackers, actual extraction and rescue from their trip abroad is necessary. This study represents a first attempt to explore the influence of geographic region in which rescue occurs, cause for rescue and gender and age differences among Israeli rescuees. Methods: Sub-analysis of all logs of individual rescuees during a 5-year period from 2011 to 2016 ( N  = 86) included 66 men and 20 women, with an average age of 27...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931125/patients-with-mental-problems-the-most-defenseless-travellers
#13
Peter Felkai, Tamas Kurimay
Background: Severe mental illness occurring abroad is a difficult situation for patients, their families, and for the local medical community. Patients with mental problem are doublely stigmatized due to their mental illness and because they are foreigners in an unfamiliar country. The appropriate treatment is often delayed, while patients are often dealt with in a manner that violates their human rights. Moreover, repatriation - which is vital in this case - is often delayed due to the lack of international protocols for the transportation and treatment of mentally ill travelers...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931101/-the-early-recognition-of-mental-morbidities-during-psycho-oncologic-treatment
#14
Mónika Mailáth, Réka Laczkóné Majer, Zsolt Horváth, Sándor Gergely Szabó
Unfortunately there have been no positive changes in the main indicators of cancer incidence in Hungarian population since the turn of the millennium. The main goal of psycho-oncologic treatment is to provide the highest possible quality of life to the patient. The prevalence of mental disorders in cancer patients is high and it is accompanied by a rather small number of qualified staff. Thus, the remedy might be the identification of high-risk patients, i.e. the systematic psycho-oncologic screening. Hungary is still lacking a unified screening method that involves all oncologic treatment-providing units...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930889/the-burden-of-mental-illness-among-veterans-use-of-vha-health-care-services-by-those-with-service-connected-conditions
#15
Charles Maynard, Adam Batten, Chuan-Fen Liu, Karin Nelson, Stephan D Fihn
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how Veterans with service-connected conditions use health care provided by the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). OBJECTIVES: To ascertain what proportion of Veterans with service-connected conditions used VHA health care and whether it varied according to type of condition, combined disability rating, age, sex, military rank, or other characteristics and whether there were differences in receipt of inpatient and outpatient care...
September 19, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930592/choline-the-brain-and-neurodegeneration-insights-from-epigenetics
#16
Rola A Bekdash
  Neurodegenerative disorders are a major public health problem worldwide with huge socioeconomic effect. Recent evidence suggests that neurodegeneration is not only caused by genetic factors but also affected by environmental factors including nutrients. Environmental influences have been shown to cause epigenetic modifications in the brain with long-lasting effects on behavior if they occur in early life. It has been suggested that early nutritional intervention that includes choline, betaine, VitB6, VitB12 and/or folic acid could attenuate decline in cognitive functions...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929996/why-are-psychotic-experiences-associated-with-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviours-a-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-potential-confounding-and-mediating-factors
#17
E Hielscher, J E DeVylder, S Saha, M Connell, J G Scott
Psychotic experiences (PEs), including hallucination- and delusion-like experiences, are robustly associated with self-injurious thoughts and behaviours (SITB) in the general population. However, it remains unclear as to why there is an association. The purpose of this systematic review was to elucidate the role of other factors that influence the association between PEs and SITB and, in doing so, highlight potential mechanisms underlying the relationship. A search of electronic international databases was undertaken, including PubMed, PsycINFO and EMBASE, and eligible studies were grouped according to seven confounder categories: sociodemographics, mental disorders, alcohol and substance use, environmental, psychological, intervention and family history/genetic factors...
September 20, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929944/increasing-body-image-flexibility-in-a-residential-eating-disorder-facility-correlates-with-symptom-improvement
#18
Eric B Lee, Clarissa W Ong, Michael P Twohig, Tera Lensegrav-Benson, Benita Quakenbush-Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of changes in body image psychological flexibility over the course of treatment on various outcome variables. METHOD: Participants included 103 female, residential patients diagnosed with an eating disorder. Pretreatment and posttreatment data were collected that examined body image psychological flexibility, general psychological flexibility, symptom severity, and other outcome variables. RESULTS: Changes in body image psychological flexibility significantly predicted changes in all outcome measures except for obsessive-compulsive symptoms after controlling for body mass index, depression, and anxiety...
September 20, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929908/dissociative-and-complex-trauma-disorders-in-health-and-mental-health-contexts-or-why-is-the-elephant-not-in-the-room
#19
Kevin J Connors
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929573/prevalence-of-mental-illness-within-families-in-a-regional-child-focussed-mental-health-service
#20
Michael F A Naughton, Darryl J Maybery, Melinda Goodyear
Nearly 50% of all mental illnesses begin in childhood before the age of 14 years, and over 20% of parents have a mental illness. Few studies have examined the co-occurrence of mental illnesses in parents and children. In the present study, we examined the extent of mental illness within families of 152 clients attending an Australian regional child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS). A cross-sectional study design was employed involving a case record review and clinician-completed questionnaire of the children and youth attending a CAMHS...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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