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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550606/renal-injury-in-pediatric-anorexia-nervosa-a-retrospective-study
#1
Chantal Stheneur, Sebastien J Bergeron, Jean-Yves Frappier, Olivier Jamoulle, Danielle Taddeo, Marc Sznajder, Anne-Laure Lapeyraque
PURPOSE: Although primarily a mental health disorder, anorexia nervosa (AN) has many physical consequences. Among them, the consequences on kidney function are often underestimated. We evaluated renal function in adolescent AN inpatients and investigated the correlation between the GFR and intrinsic patient characteristics. METHODS: A single-center retrospective study was conducted on 51 patients hospitalized for the restrictive type of AN in 2013. Data were divided into: (1) medical history of AN; (2) growth parameters and vital signs upon admission; and (3) blood tests...
May 26, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550403/healthcare-utilization-and-costs-in-ards-survivors-a-1-year-longitudinal-national-us-multicenter-study
#2
A Parker Ruhl, Minxuan Huang, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Taruja Karmarkar, Victor D Dinglas, Ramona O Hopkins, Dale M Needham
PURPOSE: To evaluate (1) post-discharge healthcare utilization and estimated costs in ARDS survivors, and (2) the association between patient and intensive care-related variables, and 6-month patient status, with subsequent hospitalization and costs. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study enrolling from four ARDSNet trials in 44 US hospitals. Healthcare utilization was collected via structured interviews at 6 and 12 months post-ARDS, and hospital costs estimated via the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
May 26, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549909/poor-quality-and-counterfeit-drugs-a-systematic-assessment-of-prevalence-and-risks-based-on-data-published-from-2007-2016
#3
Andreas Koczwara, Jennifer Dressman
Counterfeit drugs can hurt patients and harm the pharmaceutical industry. In 2006, the International Medical Products Anti-Counterfeiting Taskforce expressed a need to generate more and better data to calculate a worldwide prevalence of counterfeiting. This review analyzes field test data that were published in the time-frame January 2007 to December 2016, were accessible via Pubmed, and which addressed the prevalence of counterfeit drugs. Based on the 41 studies identified, it is still not possible to make a reliable statement about the prevalence of counterfeit drugs due to the heterogeneity of the results...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549612/variation-in-cesarean-birth-rates-by-labor-and-delivery-nurses
#4
Joyce K Edmonds, Michele O'Hara, Sean P Clarke, Neel Shah
OBJECTIVE: To examine variation in the cesarean birth rates of women cared for by labor and delivery nurses. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: One high-volume labor and delivery unit at an academic medical center in a major metropolitan area. PARTICIPANTS: Labor and delivery nurses who cared for nulliparous women who gave birth to term, singleton fetuses in vertex presentation. METHODS: Data were extracted from electronic hospital birth records from January 1, 2013 through June 30, 2015...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547945/cancer-registration-manual-understanding-by-medical-record-administrators
#5
Hyun-Sook Lim, Yoo-Kyung Boo, Young-Joo Won
Background: This study examined: (a) whether medical record administrators (MRAs) properly understand and apply a cancer registration manual; (b) weaknesses in cancer registration: and (c) factors influencing the accuracy of cancer registration. Methods: MRAs dealing with cancer registration in 81 national member hospitals were asked by mail to answer 17 questions about cancer information among registration items. After calculating rates of correct and incorrect answers to each question, an analysis was conducted of whether they were related to particular factors (hospital type, hospital location, number of hospital beds, experience of cancer registration, and experience of consulting cancer registration)...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546984/the-comparison-of-printed-resources-bacterial-contamination-in-libraries-of-al-zahra-hospital-and-sciences-faculty-of-isfahan-university-and-the-determination-of-their-antibiotic-sensitivity-pattern
#6
Hosein Rafiei, Mostafa Chadeganipour, Rezvan Ojaghi, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Rasool Nouri
INTRODUCTION: During the library loan process, the printed resources can be a carrier of pathogenic bacteria. In this study, it was tried to compare the Bacterial Contamination Rates and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern in printed resources of a hospital and a non-hospital library. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. Returning books from the Al-Zahra hospital library and library of Sciences faculty of Isfahan University provides the research community...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546877/amino-acid-medical-foods-provide-a-high-dietary-acid-load-and-increase-urinary-excretion-of-renal-net-acid-calcium-and-magnesium-compared-with-glycomacropeptide-medical-foods-in-phenylketonuria
#7
Bridget M Stroup, Emily A Sawin, Sangita G Murali, Neil Binkley, Karen E Hansen, Denise M Ney
Background. Skeletal fragility is a complication of phenylketonuria (PKU). A diet containing amino acids compared with glycomacropeptide reduces bone size and strength in mice. Objective. We tested the hypothesis that amino acid medical foods (AA-MF) provide a high dietary acid load, subsequently increasing urinary excretion of renal net acid, calcium, and magnesium, compared to glycomacropeptide medical foods (GMP-MF). Design. In a crossover design, 8 participants with PKU (16-35 y) provided food records and 24-hr urine samples after consuming a low-Phe diet in combination with AA-MF and GMP-MF for 1-3 wks...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546665/proposing-a-hybrid-model-based-on-robson-s-classification-for-better-impact-on-trends-of-cesarean-deliveries
#8
Punit Hans, Renu Rohatgi
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To construct a hybrid model classification for cesarean section (CS) deliveries based on the woman-characteristics (Robson's classification with additional layers of indications for CS, keeping in view low-resource settings available in India). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted at Nalanda Medical College, Patna. All the women delivered from January 2016 to May 2016 in the labor ward were included. Results obtained were compared with the values obtained for India, from secondary analysis of WHO multi-country survey (2010-2011) by Joshua Vogel and colleagues' study published in "The Lancet Global Health...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546304/comparison-of-methods-of-estimating-creatinine-clearance-in-pediatric-patients
#9
Danielle Padgett, Andrew Ostrenga, Lindsey Lepard
PURPOSE: A retrospective study was conducted to compare various methods of measuring serum creatinine (SCr) values for use in pediatric renal function assessments, including a method aligned with a recently implemented national SCr testing standard. METHODS: Demographic, medication-use, and selected laboratory data were collected from the hospital records of a sample of pediatric patients (n = 91) who underwent 12- or 24-hour timed urine collection for determination of creatinine clearance (CLcr) over a 2-year period...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546036/relationship-between-various-anthropometric-measures-and-apnea-hypopnea-index-in-korean-men
#10
Jeong-Hong Kim, Yong Cheol Koo, Hyung Ju Cho, Ju Wan Kang
OBJECTIVE: Body mass index (BMI) has been shown to be strongly correlated with severity of OSA. However, BMI has not been shown to be correlated with sleep apnea in all patients studied. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between various anthropometric measures and severity of OSA according to BMI in men. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the medical records of patients who visited for evaluation of OSA. Polysomnography results, height, weight, neck circumference, waist circumference, and hip circumference were obtained in all subjects...
May 22, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545916/long-term-success-and-failure-with-sg-is-predictable-by-3-months-a-multivariate-model-using-simple-office-markers
#11
Austin Cottam, Josiah Billing, Daniel Cottam, Peter Billing, Samuel Cottam, Hinali Zaveri, Amit Surve
INTRODUCTION: Despite being the most common surgery in the United States, little is known about predicting weight loss success and failure with sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Papers that have been published are inconclusive. We decided to use multivariate analysis from 2 practices to design a model to predict weight loss outcomes using data widely available to any surgical practice at 3 months to determine weight loss outcomes at 1 year. SETTING: Two private practices in the United States...
March 23, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545885/evaluation-of-the-yale-new-haven-readmission-risk-score-for-pneumonia-in-a-general-hospital-population
#12
Gabrielle Schaefer, Robert El-Kareh, Jennifer Quartarolo, Gregory Seymann
BACKGROUND: The Yale New Haven Readmission Risk Score (YNHRRS) for pneumonia is a clinical prediction tool developed to assess risk for 30-day readmission. This tool was validated in a cohort of Medicare patients; generalizability to a broader patient population has not been evaluated. In addition, it lacks indicators of functional status or social support, which have been shown to be predictors of readmission in other studies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the generalizability of the YNHRRS for pneumonia in a general population of hospitalized patients, and assess the impact of incorporating measures of functional status and social support on its predictive value...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545851/sex-specific-risk-of-emergency-department-revisits-and-early-readmission-following-myocardial-infarction
#13
Magnus Lundbäck, Danijela Gasevic, Eric Rullman, Toralph Ruge, Axel C Carlsson, Martin J Holzmann
BACKGROUND: Readmissions within 30days after hospitalization have been introduced as a measure of quality of care. There is a paucity of data regarding sex-specific risk of early readmissions after myocardial infarction (MI). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between sex and revisits to the emergency department (ED), and readmissions after MI. METHODS: All patients with chest pain, diagnosed with MI at the Karolinska University Hospital during 2011 and 2012 were included...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545598/indonesian-dengue-burden-estimates-review-of-evidence-by-an-expert-panel
#14
T Y M Wahyono, J Nealon, S Beucher, A Prayitno, A Moureau, S Nawawi, H Thabrany, M Nadjib
Routine, passive surveillance systems tend to underestimate the burden of communicable diseases such as dengue. When empirical methods are unavailable, complimentary opinion-based or extrapolative methods have been employed. Here, an expert Delphi panel estimated the proportion of dengue captured by the Indonesian surveillance system, and associated health system parameters. Following presentation of medical and epidemiological data and subsequent discussions, the panel made iterative estimates from which expansion factors (EF), the ratio of total:reported cases, were calculated...
May 26, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545190/radiation-exposure-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-fourteen-year-review-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-malaysia
#15
Jeevinesh Naidu, Zhiqin Wong, Shanthi Palaniappan, Chai Soon Ngiu, Raja Affendi Raja Ali
Background and Aims: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are subjected to a large amount of ionizing radiation during the course of their illness. This may increase their risk of malignancy to a greater level than that due to the disease itself. In Caucasian patients with Crohn’s disease, this has been well documented and recommendations are in place to avoid high radiation imaging protocols. However, there are limited data available on radiation exposure in Asian IBD patients.We therefore sought to identify total radiation exposure and any differences between ethnically diverse ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD) patients at our centre along with determining factors that may contribute to any variation...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545051/increased-risk-for-diabetes-development-in-subjects-with-large-variation-in-total-cholesterol-levels-in-2-827-950-koreans-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#16
Eun-Jung Rhee, Kyungdo Han, Seung-Hyun Ko, Kyung-Soo Ko, Won-Young Lee
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest a role for hyperlipidemia in the development of diabetes. The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between variations of total cholesterol (TC) levels and the risk for type 2 diabetes development from a Korean nationwide population-based database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the General Health Check-up sub-dataset of the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) of 2,827,950 participants who had at least three health check-ups between 2002 and 2007, and were not reported to have diabetes during that time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544581/a-comparison-of-the-pharmacokinetics-of-methylphenidate-extended-release-orally-disintegrating-tablets-with-a-reference-extended-release-formulation-of-methylphenidate-in-healthy-adults
#17
Ann Childress, Jeffrey G Stark, Russ McMahen, Dorothy Engelking, Carolyn Sikes
Extended-release (ER) methylphenidate (MPH) is a first-line treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. A methylphenidate extended-release orally disintegrating tablet (MPH XR-ODT) has recently been developed. This was a randomized, open-label, 3-period, 3-treatment study comparing the bioavailability and absorption of 2 MPH XR-ODT formulations with an MPH ER reference medication. Here we report the 2 treatments comparing the commercial MPH XR-ODT formulation and reference medication. Following a ≥10-hour fast, 42 healthy adults received 60 mg of reference medication or MPH XR-ODT (2 × 30 mg)...
May 25, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544476/usefulness-of-a-decision-tree-model-for-the-analysis-of-adverse-drug-reactions-evaluation-of-a-risk-prediction-model-of-vancomycin-associated-nephrotoxicity-constructed-using-a-data-mining-procedure
#18
Shungo Imai, Takehiro Yamada, Kumiko Kasashi, Masaki Kobayashi, Ken Iseki
OBJECTIVES: Several publications concerning decision tree (DT) analysis in medical fields have recently demonstrated its usefulness for defining prognostic factors in various diseases. However, there are minimal reports on the predictors of adverse drug reactions. We attempted to use DT analysis to discover combinations of multiple risk factors that would increase the risk of nephrotoxicity associated with vancomycin (VCM). To demonstrate the usefulness of DT analysis, we compared its predictive performance with that of multiple logistic regression analysis...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543861/postreflux-swallow-induced-peristaltic-wave-index-and-nocturnal-baseline-impedance-can-link-ppi-responsive-heartburn-to-reflux-better-than-acid-exposure-time
#19
L Frazzoni, M Frazzoni, N de Bortoli, S Tolone, M Furnari, I Martinucci, H Bertani, S Marchi, R Conigliaro, L Fuccio, V Savarino, E Savarino
BACKGROUND: Acid exposure time (AET) is considered the most useful parameter to predict response of reflux-related heartburn to medical or surgical treatment. However, recent studies showed high rates of heartburn response to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy in patients with normal AET. We aimed to compare the efficacy of postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave (PSPW) index and mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI) with AET in linking PPI-responsive heartburn to reflux. METHODS: Off-therapy impedance-pH tracings from 425 patients, 317 with PPI-responsive and 108 with PPI-refractory heartburn were blindly re-analyzed...
May 25, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542735/sleep-convulsive-seizures-predict-lack-of-remission-in-genetic-generalized-epilepsies-a-retrospective-study-from-a-single-epilepsy-center-in-egypt
#20
A Ashmawi, H Hosny, M Gadallah, E Beghi
BACKGROUND: Genetic generalized epilepsies (GGEs) represent 15-20% of all epilepsies. There are no studies on the outcome of GGEs in the Middle East. AIMS: To investigate the long-term prognosis of GGEs and identify prognostic predictors in Egypt. MATERIAL & METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of consecutive children and adults with GGEs seen in an epilepsy clinic in Cairo, Egypt, followed for 10+ years. Follow-up visits were scheduled every 3-6 months or earlier...
May 21, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
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