keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Instrumental delivery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099698/safety-of-vaginal-delivery-among-dichorionic-diamniotic-twins-over-10%C3%A2-years-in-a-uk-teaching-hospital
#1
Ewelina Rzyska, Bini Ajay, Edwin Chandraharan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether vaginal delivery among dichorionic diamniotic twins remains a safe option following full implementation of the European Working Time Directive in the UK. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using data for women with dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies who attended a teaching hospital in London, UK, for delivery between January 4, 2000, and December 23, 2010. RESULTS: Among 892 women, 474 (53.1%) attempted vaginal delivery, 220 (46...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098957/the-risk-factors-for-postpartum-depression-a-population-based-study
#2
Michael E Silverman, Abraham Reichenberg, David A Savitz, Sven Cnattingius, Paul Lichtenstein, Christina M Hultman, Henrik Larsson, Sven Sandin
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) can result in negative personal and child developmental outcomes. Only a few large population-based studies of PPD have used clinical diagnoses of depression and no study has examined how a maternal depression history interacts with known risk factors. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of a depression history on PPD and pre- and perinatal risk factors. METHODS: A nationwide prospective cohort study of all women with live singleton births in Sweden from 1997 through 2008 was conducted...
January 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095911/mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-abuja-nigeria-a-qualitative-study-on-perceptions-and-experiences-of-women-and-healthcare-providers
#3
Meghan A Bohren, Joshua P Vogel, Özge Tunçalp, Bukola Fawole, Musibau A Titiloye, Akinpelu Olanrewaju Olutayo, Modupe Ogunlade, Agnes A Oyeniran, Olubunmi R Osunsan, Loveth Metiboba, Hadiza A Idris, Francis E Alu, Olufemi T Oladapo, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Michelle J Hindin
BACKGROUND: Global efforts have increased facility-based childbirth, but substantial barriers remain in some settings. In Nigeria, women report that poor provider attitudes influence their use of maternal health services. Evidence also suggests that women in Nigeria may experience mistreatment during childbirth; however, there is limited understanding of how and why mistreatment this occurs. This study uses qualitative methods to explore women and providers' experiences and perceptions of mistreatment during childbirth in two health facilities and catchment areas in Abuja, Nigeria...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089318/analysis-and-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-epidural-analgesia-and-its-relationship-with-eutocic-or-dystocic-delivery
#4
V Sánchez-Migallón, E Sánchez, M Raynard, A Miranda, R M Borràs
OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies have demonstrated the difference in the verbal rating scale with regard to obstructed labour and induced labour, so that obstructed labour and foetal macrosomia have been related to a greater sensation of pain during labour, particularly in the first stage. Even the epidural analgesia is linked to the need for instrumented or caesarean section due to foetal obstruction. The goal of the study is to analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of epidural analgesia in normal versus obstructed labour...
January 12, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088259/integration-for-coexistence-implementation-of-intercultural-health-care-policy-in-ghana-from-the-perspective-of-service-users-and-providers
#5
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Adjoa Afriyie Poku, Simon Boateng, Padmore Adusei Amoah, Alhassan Abdul Mumin, Jacob Obodai, Williams Agyemang-Duah
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the World Health Organization's recommendations over the past decades, Ghana features pluralistic rather than truly integrated medical system. Policies about the integration of complementary medicine into the national health care delivery system need to account for individual-level involvement and cultural acceptability of care rendered by health care providers. Studies in Ghana, however, have glossed over the standpoint of the persons of the illness episode about the intercultural health care policy framework...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076828/perinatal-risk-factors-for-low-and-moderate-five-minute-apgar-scores-at-term
#6
Shimona Lai, Christopher Flatley, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the specific maternal and perinatal variables associated with a low (≤3) or moderate (4-6) Apgar score, compared to a high (≥7) score. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective, cohort study of 58429 term singleton babies born at the Mater Mother's Hospital in Brisbane, Australia in 2007-2013. Maternal demographics, socio-economic status using the Australian Socioeconomic Index for Areas (SEIFA) score, obstetric factors, and birth outcomes were compared for neonates grouped into three categories based on their five-minute Apgar: low (≤3), moderate (4-6) and high (≥7)...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076554/-training-of-health-professionals-in-breastfeeding-and-its-association-with-knowledge-skills-and-practices
#7
Patricia Carvalho de Jesus, Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira, José Rodrigo de Moraes
A cross-sectional study was conducted in the 15 hospitals with over 1000 deliveries/year in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to verify the association between training of health professionals in breastfeeding and professional knowledge, skills and practices. Interviews were staged with 215 health professionals, 48.4% working in Baby-Friendly Hospitals, by means of a questionnaire adapted from the revalidation instrument of the initiative. The three dichotomized outcomes were subjected to bivariate and multivariate analysis...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071841/attending-to-power-differentials-how-np-led-group-medical-visits-can-influence-the-management-of-chronic-conditions
#8
Laura Housden, Annette J Browne, Sabrina T Wong, Martin Dawes
OBJECTIVE: In Canada, primary care reform has encouraged innovations, including nurse practitioners (NPs) and group medical visits (GMVs). NP-led GMVs provide an opportunity to examine barriers and enablers to implementing this innovation in primary care. DESIGN: An instrumental case study design (n=3): two cases where NPs were using GMVs and one case where NPs were not using GMVs, was completed. In-depth interviews with patients and providers (N=24) and 10 hours of direct observation were completed...
January 10, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068929/are-freestanding-midwifery-units-a-safe-alternative-to-obstetric-units-for-low-risk-primiparous-childbirth-an-analysis-of-effect-differences-by-parity-in-a-matched-cohort-study
#9
Louise Fischer Christensen, Charlotte Overgaard
BACKGROUND: Intrapartum complications and the use of obstetric interventions are more common in primiparous childbirth than in multiparous childbirth, leading to concern about out of hospital birth for primiparous women. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the effect of birthplace on perinatal and maternal morbidity and the use of obstetric interventions differed by parity among low-risk women intending to give birth in a freestanding midwifery unit or in an obstetric unit in the North Denmark Region...
January 9, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063074/prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-and-paediatric-hiv-care-and-treatment-monitoring-from-measuring-process-to-impact-and-elimination-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv
#10
Priscilla Idele, Chika Hayashi, Tyler Porth, Awandha Mamahit, Mary Mahy
Progress towards achievement of global targets for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) and paediatric HIV care and treatment is an integral part of global and national HIV and AIDS responses. This paper documents the development of the global and national monitoring and reporting systems for PMTCT and paediatric HIV care and treatment programmes, achievements and remaining challenges. A review of the development of the monitoring and reporting process since 2002-2016 was conducted using existing published literature and taking into account changes in WHO HIV treatment guidelines, global HIV goals and targets, programmatic and methodological developments, and increased need for interagency partnerships, coordination and harmonization of global monitoring and reporting mechanisms...
January 6, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062357/development-qualification-validation-and-application-of-the-neutral-red-uptake-assay-in-chinese-hamster-ovary-cho-cells-using-a-vitrocell%C3%A2-vc10%C3%A2-smoke-exposure-system
#11
Wanda Fields, Kathy Fowler, Victoria Hargreaves, Lesley Reeve, Betsy Bombick
: Cytotoxicity assessment of combustible tobacco products by neutral red uptake (NRU) has historically used total particulate matter (TPM) or solvent captured gas vapor phase (GVP), rather than fresh whole smoke. Here, the development, validation and application of the NRU assay in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells, following exposure to fresh whole smoke generated with the VITROCELL® VC10® system is described. Whole smoke exposure is particularly important as both particulate and vapor phases of tobacco smoke show cytotoxicity in vitro...
January 3, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059698/uk-national-data-guardian-for-health-and-care-s-review-of-data-security-trust-better-security-and-opt-outs
#12
Tom Chan, Concetta Tania Di Iorio, Simon De Lusignan, Daniel Lo Russo, Craig Kuziemsky, Siaw-Teng Liaw
Sharing health and social care data is essential to the delivery of high quality health care as well as disease surveillance, public health, and for conducting research. However, these societal benefits may be constrained by privacy and data protection principles. Hence, societies are striving to find a balance between the two competing public interests. Whilst the spread of IT advancements in recent decades has increased the demand for an increased privacy and data protection in many ways health is a special case...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056627/needle-like-instruments-for-steering-through-solid-organs-a-review-of-the-scientific-and-patent-literature
#13
Marta Scali, Tim P Pusch, Paul Breedveld, Dimitra Dodou
High accuracy and precision in reaching target locations inside the human body is necessary for the success of percutaneous procedures, such as tissue sample removal (biopsy), brachytherapy, and localized drug delivery. Flexible steerable needles may allow the surgeon to reach targets deep inside solid organs while avoiding sensitive structures (e.g. blood vessels). This article provides a systematic classification of possible mechanical solutions for three-dimensional steering through solid organs. A scientific and patent literature search of steerable instrument designs was conducted using Scopus and Web of Science Derwent Innovations Index patent database, respectively...
December 1, 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052468/young-people-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-attitudes-perceptions-and-experiences-of-diabetes-management-and-continuous-subcutaneous-insulin-infusion-therapy
#14
Lin Perry, Steven James, Katharine Steinbeck, Janet Dunbabin, Julia Lowe
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII; insulin pump) use is increasing. However, there is little information about how this technology is used compared with other insulin delivery methods (ie, injections) by young people with type 1 diabetes mellitus in Australia. This study explored young people's attitudes, perceptions, and experiences with diabetes management comparing those using with those not using CSII, and proportions likely to transition to adult services requiring initiation and/or support for CSII use...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048884/th-ef-204-02-small-field-radiation-therapy-physics-and-recent-recommendations-from-iaea-and-icru
#15
J Seuntjens
: Joanna E. Cygler, Jan Seuntjens, J. Daniel Bourland, M. Saiful Huq, Josep Puxeu Vaque, Daniel Zucca Aparicio, Tatiana Krylova, Yuri Kirpichev, Eric Ford, Caridad Borras Stereotactic Radiation Therapy (SRT) utilizes small static and dynamic (IMRT) fields, to successfully treat malignant and benign diseases using techniques such as Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) and Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT). SRT is characterized by sharp dose gradients for individual fields and their resultant dose distributions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048752/tu-a-brb-02-panel-member
#16
L Ma
: Brain stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and spine stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) are commonly treated by a multidisciplinary team of neurosurgeons, radiation oncologists, and medical physicists. However the treatment objectives, constraints, and technical considerations involved can be quite different between the two techniques. In this interactive session an expert panel of speakers will present clinical brain SRS and spine SBRT cases in order to demonstrate real-world considerations for ensuring safe and accurate treatment delivery and to highlight the significant differences in approach for each treatment site...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048231/th-ef-204-03-determination-of-small-field-output-factors-advantages-and-limitations-of-monte-carlo-simulation
#17
J Puxeu Vaque
: Joanna E. Cygler, Jan Seuntjens, J. Daniel Bourland, M. Saiful Huq, Josep Puxeu Vaque, Daniel Zucca Aparicio, Tatiana Krylova, Yuri Kirpichev, Eric Ford, Caridad Borras Stereotactic Radiation Therapy (SRT) utilizes small static and dynamic (IMRT) fields, to successfully treat malignant and benign diseases using techniques such as Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) and Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT). SRT is characterized by sharp dose gradients for individual fields and their resultant dose distributions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048152/su-g-iep4-06-feasibility-of-external-beam-treatment-field-verification-using-cherenkov-imaging
#18
P Black, Y Na, C Wuu
PURPOSE: Cherenkov light emission has been shown to correlate with ionizing radiation (IR) dose delivery in solid tissue. In order to properly correlate Cherenkov light images with real time dose delivery in a patient, we must account for geometric and intensity distortions arising from observation angle, as well as the effect of monitor units (MU) and field size on Cherenkov light emission. To test the feasibility of treatment field verification, we first focused on Cherenkov light emission efficiency based on MU and known field size (FS)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048023/tu-fg-brb-09-thermoacoustic-range-verification-with-perfect-co-registered-overlay-of-bragg-peak-onto-ultrasound-image
#19
S Patch, M Kireeff Covo, A Jackson, Y Qadadha, K Campbell, R Albright, P Bloemhard, A Donoghue, C Siero, T Gimpel, S Small, B Ninemire, M Johnson, L Phair
PURPOSE: The potential of particle therapy has not yet been fully realized due to inaccuracies in range verification. The purpose of this work was to correlate the Bragg peak location with target structure, by overlaying thermoacoustic localization of the Bragg peak onto an ultrasound image. METHODS: Pulsed delivery of 50 MeV protons was accomplished by a fast chopper installed between the ion source and the inflector of the 88″ cyclotron at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047692/we-h-209-01-advances-in-ultrasound-therapy
#20
K Hynynen
: Focused ultrasound has been shown to be the only method that allows noninvasive thermal coagulation of tissues and recently this potential has been explored for image-guided drug delivery. In this presentation, the advances in ultrasound phased array technology for energy delivery, exposure monitoring and control will be discussed. Experimental results from novel multi-frequency transmit/receive arrays will be presented. In addition, the feasibility of fully electronically focused and steered high power arrays with many thousands of transducer elements will be discussed...
June 2016: Medical Physics
keyword
keyword
90343
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"