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Intrapartum care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103822/emergency-obstetric-and-neonatal-care-availability-use-and-quality-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-city-of-lubumbashi-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-2011
#1
Abel Mukengeshayi Ntambue, Françoise Kaj Malonga, Karen D Cowgill, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet, Philippe Donnen
BACKGROUND: While emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) is a proxy indicator for monitoring maternal and perinatal mortalities, in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), data on this care is rarely available. In the city of Lubumbashi, the second largest in DRC with an estimated population of 1.5 million, the availability, use and quality of EmONC are not known. This study aimed to assess these elements in Lubumbashi. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in April and May 2011...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103590/risk-factors-for-intrapartum-fever-in-term-gestations-and-associated-maternal-and-neonatal-sequelae
#2
Angela P H Burgess, Justin E Katz, Michael Moretti, Nisha Lakhi
AIM: To determine factors associated with intrapartum fever and to examine associated maternal and neonatal outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients between 360/7 and 420/7 gestational weeks who entered spontaneous or induced active labor and developed temperature ≥38°C; a similar group that did not develop fever were controls. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed with p < 0.05 as significant. RESULTS: Fifty-four febrile patients and 306 nonfebrile controls met inclusion criteria...
January 20, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099786/labor-intervention-and-outcomes-in-women-who-are-nulliparous-and-obese-comparison-of-nurse-midwife-to-obstetrician-intrapartum-care
#3
Nicole S Carlson, Elizabeth J Corwin, Nancy K Lowe
BACKGROUND: Women who are obese have slower labors than women of normal weight, and show reduced response to interventions designed to speed labor progress like oxytocin augmentation and artificial rupture of membranes. The optimal labor management for these women has not been described. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study compared 2 propensity score-matched groups of women (N = 360) who were healthy, nulliparous, spontaneously laboring, and obese (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2) )...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099725/maternal-and-newborn-outcomes-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-lusaka-zambia-2008-2012
#4
Bellington Vwalika, Marie C D Stoner, Mulindi Mwanahamuntu, K Cherry Liu, Eugene Kaunda, Getrude G Tshuma, Somwe W Somwe, Yusuf Ahmed, Elizabeth M Stringer, Jeffrey S A Stringer, Benjamin H Chi
OBJECTIVE: To measure key obstetric and neonatal outcomes recorded at a tertiary hospital in Zambia over a 5-year period. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted among women who had delivered at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2012. Data were extracted from electronic medical records. The main outcomes were maternal mortality, cesarean delivery, prenatal or intrapartum hemorrhage, stillbirth, a 5-minute Apgar score of less than 7, and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077073/student-midwives-perceptions-on-the-organisation-of-maternity-care-and-alternative-maternity-care-models-in-the-netherlands-a-qualitative-study
#5
J Catja Warmelink, T Paul de Cock, Yvonne Combee, Marloes Rongen, Therese A Wiegers, Eileen K Hutton
BACKGROUND: A major change in the organisation of maternity care in the Netherlands is under consideration, going from an echelon system where midwives provide primary care in the community and refer to obstetricians for secondary and tertiary care, to a more integrated maternity care system involving midwives and obstetricians at all care levels. Student midwives are the future maternity care providers and they may be entering into a changing maternity care system, so inclusion of their views in the discussion is relevant...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068929/are-freestanding-midwifery-units-a-safe-alternative-to-obstetric-units-for-low-risk-primiparous-childbirth-an-analysis-of-effect-differences-by-parity-in-a-matched-cohort-study
#6
Louise Fischer Christensen, Charlotte Overgaard
BACKGROUND: Intrapartum complications and the use of obstetric interventions are more common in primiparous childbirth than in multiparous childbirth, leading to concern about out of hospital birth for primiparous women. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the effect of birthplace on perinatal and maternal morbidity and the use of obstetric interventions differed by parity among low-risk women intending to give birth in a freestanding midwifery unit or in an obstetric unit in the North Denmark Region...
January 9, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002642/modification-of-obstetric-emergency-simulation-scenarios-for-realism-in-a-home-birth-setting
#7
Janelle Komorowski, Tia Andrighetti, Melissa Benton
INTRODUCTION: Clinical competency and clear communication are essential for intrapartum care providers who encounter high-stakes, low-frequency emergencies. The challenge for these providers is to maintain infrequently used skills. The challenge is even more significant for midwives who manage births at home and who, due to low practice volume and low-risk clientele, may rarely encounter an emergency. In addition, access to team simulation may be limited for home-birth midwives. This project modified existing validated obstetric simulation scenarios for a home-birth setting...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997537/patterns-and-determinants-of-care-seeking-for-antepartum-and-intrapartum-complications-in-rural-bangladesh-results-from-a-cohort-study
#8
Rasheda Khanam, Andreea A Creanga, Alain K Koffi, Dipak K Mitra, Arif Mahmud, Nazma Begum, Syed Mamun Ibne Moin, Malathi Ram, Md Abdul Quaiyum, Saifuddin Ahmed, Samir K Saha, Abdullah H Baqui
BACKGROUND: The burden of maternal complications during antepartum and intrapartum periods is high and care seeking from a trained provider is low, particularly in low middle income countries of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Identification of barriers to access to trained care and development of strategies to address them will contribute to improvements in maternal health. Using data from a community-based cohort of pregnant women, this study identified the prevalence of antepartum and intrapartum complications and determinants of care-seeking for these complications in rural Bangladesh...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992943/hyperechogenic-bowel-etiologies-management-and-outcome-according-to-gestational-age-at-diagnosis-in-279-consecutive-cases-in-a-single-center
#9
Vincenzo Davide Catania, Alessandra Taddei, Marcella Pellegrino, Erika Adalgisa De Marco, Laura Merli, Carlo Manzoni, Lorenzo Nanni, Lucia Masini
Introduction The aim of the study was to investigate perinatal outcome of fetuses with hyperechogenic bowel (HB) in relation to gestational age at diagnosis. Materials and Methods This is a retrospective observational study of fetal HB cases from 2002 to 2012. Patients were divided into three groups according to trimester at diagnosis. For each group, data from fetal ultrasound examination, fetal medicine investigations, intrapartum cares, and neonatal outcome were obtained. Results A diagnosis of HB was made in 279 fetuses among them 17 (6%) during the first trimester, 186 (67%) during the second trimester, and 75 (27%) during the third trimester...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984773/the-economic-costs-of-intrapartum-care-in-tower-hamlets-a-comparison-between-the-cost-of-birth-in-a-freestanding-midwifery-unit-and-hospital-for-women-at-low-risk-of-obstetric-complications
#10
Liz Schroeder, Nishma Patel, Michelle Keeler, Lucia Rocca-Ihenacho, Alison J Macfarlane
OBJECTIVE: to compare the economic costs of intrapartum maternity care in an inner city area for 'low risk' women opting to give birth in a freestanding midwifery unit compared with those who chose birth in hospital. DESIGN: micro-costing of health service resources used in the intrapartum care of mothers and their babies during the period between admission and discharge, data extracted from clinical notes. SETTING: the Barkantine Birth Centre, a freestanding midwifery unit and the Royal London Hospital's consultant-led obstetric unit, both run by the former Barts and the London NHS Trust in Tower Hamlets, a deprived inner city borough in east London, England, 2007-2010...
November 21, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979783/culture-proven-early-onset-neonatal-sepsis-in-arab-states-in-the-gulf-region-two-year-prospective-study
#11
Majeda S Hammoud, Abdullah Al-Taiar, Sameer Y Al-Abdi, Hussain Bozaid, Anwar Khan, Laila M AlMuhairi, Moghis Ur Rehman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and the pattern of causative organisms of culture-proven early-onset sepsis (EOS) in Arab states in the Gulf region. METHODS: Five neonatal care units participated in this 2-year prospective study in Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, and Saudi Arabia. Data were collected prospectively using a standardized data collection form. EOS was defined as the growth of a single potentially pathogenic organism from blood or cerebrospinal fluid in infants within 72h of birth, with clinical and laboratory findings consistent with infection...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979582/differences-in-infant-care-practices-and-smoking-among-hispanic-mothers-living-in-the-united-states
#12
Lauren E Provini, Michael J Corwin, Nicole L Geller, Timothy C Heeren, Rachel Y Moon, Denis V Rybin, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Eve R Colson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between maternal birth country and adherence to the American Academy of Pediatrics safe sleep recommendations in a national sample of Hispanic mothers, given that data assessing the heterogeneity of infant care practices among Hispanics are lacking. STUDY DESIGN: We used a stratified, 2-stage, clustered design to obtain a nationally representative sample of mothers from 32 US intrapartum hospitals. A total of 907 completed follow-up surveys (administered 2-6 months postpartum) were received from mothers who self-identified as Hispanic/Latina, forming our sample, which we divided into 4 subpopulations by birth country (US, Mexico, Central/South America, and Caribbean)...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974939/prenatal-ultrasound-diagnosis-and-pregnancy-outcome-of-umbilical-cord-knot-debate-regarding-ethical-aspects-of-a-series-of-cases
#13
Bohîlțea Re, Turcan N, Cîrstoiu M
True umbilical cord knot appears to be a relatively common complication that occurs in 0.3%-1.3% of all pregnancies and it is correlated with an increased incidence of SGA infants, premature birth, need for neonatal intensive care and fetal death. The aim of the article was to evaluate the incidence of the true umbilical cord knot in the University Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, for a period of 5 years and its association with premature birth, low birth weight, low Apgar score at 1 minute and the need for neonatal intensive care...
July 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929532/post-term-surveillance-and-birth-outcomes-in-south-asian-born-compared-with-australian-born-women
#14
C Yim, L Wong, C Cabalag, E M Wallace, M Davies-Tuck
OBJECTIVE: To determine if apparently healthy post-term South Asian-born (SA) women were more likely to have abnormal post-term fetal surveillance than Australian- and New Zealand-born (AUS/NZ) women, whether those abnormalities were associated with increased rates of obstetric intervention and adverse perinatal outcomes, and whether SA women and their babies were at higher risk of adverse outcomes in the post-term period irrespective of their post-term surveillance outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Post-term surveillance and perinatal outcomes of 145 SA and 272 AUS/NZ nulliparous women with a singleton post-term pregnancy were compared in a retrospective multicentre cohort analysis...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926647/central-fetal-monitoring-with-and-without-computer-analysis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Inês Nunes, Diogo Ayres-de-Campos, Austin Ugwumadu, Pina Amin, Philip Banfield, Antony Nicoll, Simon Cunningham, Paulo Sousa, Cristina Costa-Santos, João Bernardes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether intrapartum fetal monitoring with computer analysis and real-time alerts decreases the rate of newborn metabolic acidosis or obstetric intervention when compared with visual analysis. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial carried out in five hospitals in the United Kingdom evaluated women with singleton, vertex fetuses of 36 weeks of gestation or greater during labor. Continuous central fetal monitoring by computer analysis and online alerts (experimental arm) was compared with visual analysis (control arm)...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925085/humanized-care-insertion-of-obstetric-nurses-in-a-teaching-hospital
#16
Renata Marien Knupp Medeiros, Renata Cristina Teixeira, Ana Beatriz Nicolini, Aline Spanevello Alvares, Áurea Christina de Paula Corrêa, Débora Prado Martins
Objective: to evaluate the care provided at an Antepartum, Intrapartum, Postpartum (AIP) unit at a teaching hospital following the inclusion of obstetric nurses. Method: transversal study, performed at a AIP unit at a teaching hospital in the capital of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso. The sample comprised data regarding the 701 childbirths that took place between 2014 and 2016. The data were organized using Excel and analyzed using version 7 of Epi Info software...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922724/antenatal-breastfeeding-education-for-increasing-breastfeeding-duration
#17
REVIEW
Pisake Lumbiganon, Ruth Martis, Malinee Laopaiboon, Mario R Festin, Jacqueline J Ho, Mohammad Hakimi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is well recognised as the best food source for infants. The impact of antenatal breastfeeding (BF) education on the duration of BF has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of antenatal breastfeeding (BF) education for increasing BF initiation and duration. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register on 1 March 2016, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1966 to 1 March 2016) and Scopus (January 1985 to 1 March 2016)...
6, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918340/obstetrical-anal-sphincter-injuries-does-obstetrical-care-provider-matter-a-quality-assurance-study-in-ontario
#18
Katerina Pizzuto, Jessica Pudwell, Graeme N Smith, Marie-Andrée Harvey
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the rates of obstetrical anal sphincter tears (OASIS) between types of obstetrical care providers at Kingston General Hospital (KGH) and in Ontario via the Better Outcomes Registry Network (BORN). METHODS: This cross-sectional study collected patient, demographic, and delivery data from all vaginal deliveries at KGH from June 2011 to June 2014 and all vaginal deliveries through the BORN database from June 2012 to June 2014. RESULTS: During this period, 4...
December 1, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893765/improving-standards-of-care-in-obstructed-labour-a-criteria-based-audit-at-a-referral-hospital-in-a-low-resource-setting-in-tanzania
#19
Andrew H Mgaya, Hussein L Kidanto, Lennarth Nystrom, Birgitta Essén
OBJECTIVE: In low-resource settings, obstructed labour is strongly associated with severe maternal morbidity and intrapartum asphyxia, and consequently maternal and perinatal deaths. This study evaluated the impact of a criteria-based audit of the diagnosis and management of obstructed labour in a low-resource setting. METHODS: A baseline criteria-based audit was conducted from October 2013 to March 2014, followed by a workshop in which stakeholders gave feedback on interventions agreed upon to improve obstetric care...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886948/variation-in-hospital-intrapartum-practices-and-association-with-cesarean-rate
#20
Lisbet S Lundsberg, Jessica L Illuzzi, Aileen M Gariepy, Sangini S Sheth, Christian M Pettker, Henry C Lee, Heather S Lipkind, Xiao Xu
OBJECTIVE: To examine hospital variation in intrapartum care and its relationship with cesarean rates. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Connecticut and Massachusetts hospitals providing obstetric services. PARTICIPANTS: Nurse managers or other clinical staff knowledgeable about intrapartum care. METHODS: We assessed labor and delivery unit capacity and staffing, fetal monitoring, labor management, intrapartum interventions, newborn care, quality assurance, and performance review practices...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
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