keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peter Dayan

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898635/mobile-health-technology-to-communicate-discharge-and-follow-up-information-to-adolescents-from-the-emergency-department
#1
Margaret Ray, Peter S Dayan, Vartan Pahalyants, Lauren S Chernick
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents are the largest users of mobile technology; yet, there are little data regarding their receptivity to the use of mobile health technology (mHealth) from the emergency department (ED). The objective of this study was to determine adolescents' preferences for receiving ED discharge and follow-up information via mHealth and factors associated with those preferences. METHODS: We administered an anonymous self-reporting survey to patients aged 14 to 19 years discharged from an urban pediatric ED...
December 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890780/a-clinical-score-to-predict-appendicitis-in-older-male-children
#2
Anupam B Kharbanda, Michael C Monuteaux, Richard G Bachur, Nanette C Dudley, Lalit Bajaj, Michelle D Stevenson, Charles G Macias, Manoj K Mittal, Jonathan E Bennett, Kelly Sinclair, Peter S Dayan
OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical score to predict appendicitis among older, male children who present to the emergency department (ED) with suspected appendicitis. METHODS: Patients with suspected appendicitis were prospectively recruited at 9 pediatric EDs. A total 2,625 patients enrolled; a subset of 961 males, age 8-18 were analyzed in this secondary analysis. Outcomes determined by pathology, operative reports and follow-up calls. Clinical and laboratory predictors with < 10% missing data and Kappa > 0...
November 24, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888148/a-pilot-study-of-a-multimodal-treatment-paradigm-to-accelerate-drug-evaluations-in-early-stage-metastatic-prostate-cancer
#3
Matthew J O'Shaughnessy, Sean M McBride, Hebert Alberto Vargas, Karim A Touijer, Michael J Morris, Daniel C Danila, Vincent P Laudone, Bernard H Bochner, Joel Sheinfeld, Erica S Dayan, Lawrence P Bellomo, Daniel D Sjoberg, Glenn Heller, Michael J Zelefsky, James A Eastham, Peter T Scardino, Howard I Scher
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a multimodal strategy aimed at treating all sites of disease that provides a rapid readout of success or failure in men presenting with noncastrate metastatic prostate cancers that are incurable with single modality therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty selected men with oligometastatic M1a (extrapelvic nodal disease) or M1b (bone disease) at diagnosis were treated using a multimodal approach that included androgen deprivation, radical prostatectomy plus pelvic lymphadenectomy (retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy in the presence of clinically positive retroperitoneal nodes), and stereotactic body radiotherapy to osseous disease and/or the primary site...
November 22, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846219/pharmacological-fingerprints-of-contextual-uncertainty
#4
Louise Marshall, Christoph Mathys, Diane Ruge, Archy O de Berker, Peter Dayan, Klaas E Stephan, Sven Bestmann
Successful interaction with the environment requires flexible updating of our beliefs about the world. By estimating the likelihood of future events, it is possible to prepare appropriate actions in advance and execute fast, accurate motor responses. According to theoretical proposals, agents track the variability arising from changing environments by computing various forms of uncertainty. Several neuromodulators have been linked to uncertainty signalling, but comprehensive empirical characterisation of their relative contributions to perceptual belief updating, and to the selection of motor responses, is lacking...
November 2016: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829142/sensory-conflict-disrupts-activity-of-the-drosophila-circadian-network
#5
Ross E F Harper, Peter Dayan, Joerg T Albert, Ralf Stanewsky
Periodic changes in light and temperature synchronize the Drosophila circadian clock, but the question of how the fly brain integrates these two input pathways to set circadian time remains unanswered. We explore multisensory cue combination by testing the resilience of the circadian network to conflicting environmental inputs. We show that misaligned light and temperature cycles can lead to dramatic changes in the daily locomotor activities of wild-type flies during and after exposure to sensory conflict...
November 8, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829041/cognitive-bias-in-ambiguity-judgements-using-computational-models-to-dissect-the-effects-of-mild-mood-manipulation-in-humans
#6
Kiyohito Iigaya, Aurelie Jolivald, Wittawat Jitkrittum, Iain D Gilchrist, Peter Dayan, Elizabeth Paul, Michael Mendl
Positive and negative moods can be treated as prior expectations over future delivery of rewards and punishments. This provides an inferential foundation for the cognitive (judgement) bias task, now widely-used for assessing affective states in non-human animals. In the task, information about affect is extracted from the optimistic or pessimistic manner in which participants resolve ambiguities in sensory input. Here, we report a novel variant of the task aimed at dissecting the effects of affect manipulations on perceptual and value computations for decision-making under ambiguity in humans...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823876/optimal-volume-of-administration-of-intranasal-midazolam-in-children-a-randomized-clinical%C3%A2-trial
#7
Daniel S Tsze, Maria Ieni, Daniel B Fenster, John Babineau, Joshua Kriger, Bruce Levin, Peter S Dayan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The optimal intranasal volume of administration for achieving timely and effective sedation in children is unclear. We aimed to compare clinical outcomes relevant to procedural sedation associated with using escalating volumes of administration to administer intranasal midazolam. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, single-blinded, 3-arm, superiority clinical trial. Children aged 1 to 7 years and undergoing laceration repair requiring 0.5 mg/kg intranasal midazolam (5 mg/mL) were block-randomized to receive midazolam using 1 of 3 volumes of administration: 0...
November 4, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791110/adaptive-integration-of-habits-into-depth-limited-planning-defines-a-habitual-goal-directed-spectrum
#8
Mehdi Keramati, Peter Smittenaar, Raymond J Dolan, Peter Dayan
Behavioral and neural evidence reveal a prospective goal-directed decision process that relies on mental simulation of the environment, and a retrospective habitual process that caches returns previously garnered from available choices. Artificial systems combine the two by simulating the environment up to some depth and then exploiting habitual values as proxies for consequences that may arise in the further future. Using a three-step task, we provide evidence that human subjects use such a normative plan-until-habit strategy, implying a spectrum of approaches that interpolates between habitual and goal-directed responding...
October 24, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741077/acute-outcomes-of-isolated-pneumocephali-in-children-after-minor-blunt-head-trauma
#9
Ashley Blanchard, Keven I Cabrera, Nathan Kuppermann, Peter S Dayan
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the prevalence of and adverse outcomes caused by pneumocephali in children with minor blunt head trauma who had no other intracranial injuries (ie, isolated pneumocephali). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of a public use dataset from a multicenter prospective study of pediatric minor head trauma. We included children younger than 18 years with Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores of 14 or 15 and non-trivial mechanisms of injury who had cranial computed tomographies obtained...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687855/adolescent-female-text-messaging-preferences-to-prevent-pregnancy-after-an-emergency-department-visit-a-qualitative-analysis
#10
Lauren Stephanie Chernick, Rebecca Schnall, Melissa S Stockwell, Paula M Castaño, Tracy Higgins, Carolyn Westhoff, John Santelli, Peter S Dayan
BACKGROUND: Over 15 million adolescents use the emergency department (ED) each year in the United States. Adolescent females who use the ED for medical care have been found to be at high risk for unintended pregnancy. Given that adolescents represent the largest users of text messaging and are receptive to receiving text messages related to their sexual health, the ED visit represents an opportunity for intervention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore interest in and preferences for the content, frequency, and timing of an ED-based text message intervention to prevent pregnancy for adolescent females...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661637/an-invitation-to-join-the-consortium-on-thyroid-and-pregnancy
#11
Tim I M Korevaar, Peter N Taylor, Colin M Dayan, Robin P Peeters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638901/peripheral-serotonin-1b-receptor-transcription-predicts-the-effect-of-acute-tryptophan-depletion-on-risky-decision-making
#12
Paul Faulkner, Federico Mancinelli, Patricia L Lockwood, Mar Matarin, Raymond J Dolan, Nick W Wood, Peter Dayan, Jonathan P Roiser
BACKGROUND: The effects of acute tryptophan depletion on human decision-making suggest that serotonin modulates the processing of rewards and punishments. However, few studies have assessed which of the many types of serotonin receptors are responsible. METHODS: Using a within-subject, double-blind, sham-controlled design in 26 subjects, we examined whether individual differences in serotonin system gene transcription, measured in peripheral blood, predicted the effect of acute tryptophan depletion on decision-making...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624437/deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-subthalamic-nucleus-modulates-sensitivity-to-decision-outcome-value-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Ben Seymour, Michael Barbe, Peter Dayan, Tamara Shiner, Ray Dolan, Gereon R Fink
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus in Parkinson's disease is known to cause a subtle but important adverse impact on behaviour, with impulsivity its most widely reported manifestation. However, precisely which computational components of the decision process are modulated is not fully understood. Here we probe a number of distinct subprocesses, including temporal discount, outcome utility, instrumental learning rate, instrumental outcome sensitivity, reward-loss trade-offs, and perseveration...
September 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572841/selection-of-antigenically-advanced-variants-of-seasonal-influenza-viruses
#14
Chengjun Li, Masato Hatta, David F Burke, Jihui Ping, Ying Zhang, Makoto Ozawa, Andrew S Taft, Subash C Das, Anthony P Hanson, Jiasheng Song, Masaki Imai, Peter R Wilker, Tokiko Watanabe, Shinji Watanabe, Mutsumi Ito, Kiyoko Iwatsuki-Horimoto, Colin A Russell, Sarah L James, Eugene Skepner, Eileen A Maher, Gabriele Neumann, Alexander I Klimov, Anne Kelso, John McCauley, Dayan Wang, Yuelong Shu, Takato Odagiri, Masato Tashiro, Xiyan Xu, David E Wentworth, Jacqueline M Katz, Nancy J Cox, Derek J Smith, Yoshihiro Kawaoka
Influenza viruses mutate frequently, necessitating constant updates of vaccine viruses. To establish experimental approaches that may complement the current vaccine strain selection process, we selected antigenic variants from human H1N1 and H3N2 influenza virus libraries possessing random mutations in the globular head of the haemagglutinin protein (which includes the antigenic sites) by incubating them with human and/or ferret convalescent sera to human H1N1 and H3N2 viruses. We also selected antigenic escape variants from human viruses treated with convalescent sera and from mice that had been previously immunized against human influenza viruses...
May 23, 2016: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552618/association-of-rna-biosignatures-with-bacterial-infections-in-febrile-infants-aged-60-days-or-younger
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Prashant Mahajan, Nathan Kuppermann, Asuncion Mejias, Nicolas Suarez, Damien Chaussabel, T Charles Casper, Bennett Smith, Elizabeth R Alpern, Jennifer Anders, Shireen M Atabaki, Jonathan E Bennett, Stephen Blumberg, Bema Bonsu, Dominic Borgialli, Anne Brayer, Lorin Browne, Daniel M Cohen, Ellen F Crain, Andrea T Cruz, Peter S Dayan, Rajender Gattu, Richard Greenberg, John D Hoyle, David M Jaffe, Deborah A Levine, Kathleen Lillis, James G Linakis, Jared Muenzer, Lise E Nigrovic, Elizabeth C Powell, Alexander J Rogers, Genie Roosevelt, Richard M Ruddy, Mary Saunders, Michael G Tunik, Leah Tzimenatos, Melissa Vitale, J Michael Dean, Octavio Ramilo
IMPORTANCE: Young febrile infants are at substantial risk of serious bacterial infections; however, the current culture-based diagnosis has limitations. Analysis of host expression patterns ("RNA biosignatures") in response to infections may provide an alternative diagnostic approach. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether RNA biosignatures can distinguish febrile infants aged 60 days or younger with and without serious bacterial infections. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective observational study involving a convenience sample of febrile infants 60 days or younger evaluated for fever (temperature >38° C) in 22 emergency departments from December 2008 to December 2010 who underwent laboratory evaluations including blood cultures...
August 23, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471139/clinical-presentations-and-outcomes-of-children-with-basilar-skull-fractures-after-blunt-head-trauma
#16
Michael G Tunik, Elizabeth C Powell, Prashant Mahajan, Jeff E Schunk, Elizabeth Jacobs, Michelle Miskin, Sally Jo Zuspan, Sandra Wootton-Gorges, Shireen M Atabaki, John D Hoyle, James F Holmes, Peter S Dayan, Nathan Kuppermann
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We describe presentations and outcomes of children with basilar skull fractures in the emergency department (ED) after blunt head trauma. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of an observational cohort of children with blunt head trauma. Basilar skull fracture was defined as physical examination signs of basilar skull fracture without basilar skull fracture on computed tomography (CT), or basilar skull fracture on CT regardless of physical examination signs of basilar skull fracture...
October 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470028/estimates-of-global-regional-and-national-incidence-prevalence-and-mortality-of-hiv-1980-2015-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#17
Haidong Wang, Tim M Wolock, Austin Carter, Grant Nguyen, Hmwe Hmwe Kyu, Emmanuela Gakidou, Simon I Hay, Edward J Mills, Adam Trickey, William Msemburi, Matthew M Coates, Meghan D Mooney, Maya S Fraser, Amber Sligar, Joshua Salomon, Heidi J Larson, Joseph Friedman, Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Kaja M Abbas, Mohamed Magdy Abd El Razek, Foad Abd-Allah, Abdishakur M Abdulle, Semaw Ferede Abera, Ibrahim Abubakar, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Gebre Yitayih Abyu, Akindele Olupelumi Adebiyi, Isaac Akinkunmi Adedeji, Ademola Lukman Adelekan, Koranteng Adofo, Arsène Kouablan Adou, Oluremi N Ajala, Tomi F Akinyemiju, Nadia Akseer, Faris Hasan Al Lami, Ziyad Al-Aly, Khurshid Alam, Noore K M Alam, Deena Alasfoor, Saleh Fahed S Aldhahri, Robert William Aldridge, Miguel Angel Alegretti, Alicia V Aleman, Zewdie Aderaw Alemu, Rafael Alfonso-Cristancho, Raghib Ali, Ala'a Alkerwi, François Alla, Rajaa Mohammad, Salem Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Elena Alvarez, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Azmeraw T Amare, Alemayehu Amberbir, Adeladza Kofi Amegah, Walid Ammar, Stephen Marc Amrock, Carl Abelardo T Antonio, Palwasha Anwari, Johan Ärnlöv, Al Artaman, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Jawad Asghar, Reza Assadi, Suleman Atique, Lydia S Atkins, Euripide Frinel G Arthur Avokpaho, Ashish Awasthi, Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Aleksandra Barac, Till Bärnighausen, Arindam Basu, Tigist Assefa Bayou, Yibeltal Tebekaw Bayou, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Justin Beardsley, Neeraj Bedi, Derrick A Bennett, Isabela M Bensenor, Balem Demtsu Betsu, Addisu Shunu Beyene, Eesh Bhatia, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Boris Bikbov, Sait Mentes Birlik, Donal Bisanzio, Michael Brainin, Alexandra Brazinova, Nicholas J K Breitborde, Alexandria Brown, Michael Burch, Zahid A Butt, Julio Cesar Campuzano, Rosario Cárdenas, Juan Jesus Carrero, Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela, Jacqueline Castillo Rivas, Ferrán Catalá-López, Hsing-Yi Chang, Jung-Chen Chang, Laxmikant Chavan, Wanqing Chen, Peggy Pei-Chia Chiang, Mirriam Chibalabala, Vesper Hichilombwe Chisumpa, Jee-Young Jasmine Choi, Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher, Liliana G Ciobanu, Cyrus Cooper, Tukur Dahiru, Solomon Abreha Damtew, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, José das Neves, Pieter de Jager, Diego De Leo, Louisa Degenhardt, Robert P Dellavalle, Kebede Deribe, Amare Deribew, Don C Des Jarlais, Samath D Dharmaratne, Eric L Ding, Pratik Pinal Doshi, Tim R Driscoll, Manisha Dubey, Yousef Mohamed Elshrek, Iqbal Elyazar, Aman Yesuf Endries, Sergey Petrovich Ermakov, Babak Eshrati, Alireza Esteghamati, Imad D A Faghmous, Carla Sofia E Sa Farinha, Andre Faro, Maryam S Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Joao C Fernandes, Florian Fischer, Joseph Robert Ander Fitchett, Nataliya Foigt, Nancy Fullman, Thomas Fürst, Fortuné Gbètoho Gankpé, Teshome Gebre, Amanuel Tesfay Gebremedhin, Alemseged Aregay Gebru, Johanna M Geleijnse, Bradford D Gessner, Peter W Gething, Tsegaye Tewelde Ghiwot, Maurice Giroud, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Elizabeth Glaser, Shifalika Goenka, Amador Goodridge, Sameer Vali Gopalani, Atsushi Goto, Harish Chander Gugnani, Mark D C Guimaraes, Rahul Gupta, Rajeev Gupta, Vipin Gupta, Juanita Haagsma, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Holly Hagan, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Mouhanad Hammami, Graeme J Hankey, Yuantao Hao, Hilda L Harb, Sivadasanpillai Harikrishnan, Josep Maria Haro, Kimani M Harun, Rasmus Havmoeller, Mohammad T Hedayati, Ileana Beatriz Heredia-Pi, Hans W Hoek, Masako Horino, Nobuyuki Horita, H Dean Hosgood, Damian G Hoy, Mohamed Hsairi, Guoqing Hu, Hsiang Huang, John J Huang, Kim Moesgaard Iburg, Bulat T Idrisov, Kaire Innos, Veena J Iyer, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Nader Jahanmehr, Mihajlo B Jakovljevic, Mehdi Javanbakht, Achala Upendra Jayatilleke, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Vivekanand Jha, Guohong Jiang, Ying Jiang, Tariku Jibat, Jost B Jonas, Zubair Kabir, Ritul Kamal, Haidong Kan, André Karch, Corine Kakizi Karema, Dimitris Karletsos, Amir Kasaeian, Anil Kaul, Norito Kawakami, Jeanne Françoise Kayibanda, Peter Njenga Keiyoro, Andrew Haddon Kemp, Andre Pascal Kengne, Chandrasekharan Nair Kesavachandran, Yousef Saleh Khader, Ibrahim Khalil, Abdur Rahman Khan, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Young-Ho Khang, Jagdish Khubchandani, Yun Jin Kim, Yohannes Kinfu, Miia Kivipelto, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Soewarta Kosen, Parvaiz A Koul, Ai Koyanagi, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Burcu Kucuk Bicer, Veena S Kulkarni, G Anil Kumar, Dharmesh Kumar Lal, Hilton Lam, Jennifer O Lam, Sinead M Langan, Van C Lansingh, Anders Larsson, James Leigh, Ricky Leung, Yongmei Li, Stephen S Lim, Steven E Lipshultz, Shiwei Liu, Belinda K Lloyd, Giancarlo Logroscino, Paulo A Lotufo, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Mahdi Mahdavi, Marek Majdan, Azeem Majeed, Carla Makhlouf, Reza Malekzadeh, Chabila C Mapoma, Wagner Marcenes, Jose Martinez-Raga, Melvin Barrientos Marzan, Felix Masiye, Amanda J Mason-Jones, Bongani M Mayosi, Martin McKee, Peter A Meaney, Man Mohan Mehndiratta, Alemayehu B Mekonnen, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Peter Memiah, Ziad A Memish, Walter Mendoza, Atte Meretoja, Tuomo J Meretoja, Francis Apolinary Mhimbira, Ted R Miller, Joseph Mikesell, Mojde Mirarefin, Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad, Shafiu Mohammed, Ali H Mokdad, Lorenzo Monasta, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Rintaro Mori, Ulrich O Mueller, Brighton Murimira, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Aliya Naheed, Luigi Naldi, Vinay Nangia, Denis Nash, Haseeb Nawaz, Chakib Nejjari, Frida Namnyak Ngalesoni, Jean de Dieu Ngirabega, Quyen Le Nguyen, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Ole F Norheim, Rosana E Norman, Luke Nyakarahuka, Felix Akpojene Ogbo, In-Hwan Oh, Foluke Adetola Ojelabi, Bolajoko Olubukunola Olusanya, Jacob Olusegun Olusanya, John Nelson Opio, Eyal Oren, Erika Ota, Mahesh Anand Padukudru, Hye-Youn Park, Jae-Hyun Park, Snehal T Patil, Scott B Patten, Vinod K Paul, Katherine Pearson, Emmanuel Kwame Peprah, Claudia C Pereira, Norberto Perico, Konrad Pesudovs, Max Petzold, Michael Robert Phillips, Julian David Pillay, Dietrich Plass, Suzanne Polinder, Farshad Pourmalek, David M Prokop, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Kazem Rahimi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Mahfuzar Rahman, Mohammad Hifz Ur Rahman, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Sasa Rajsic, Usha Ram, Saleem M Rana, Paturi Vishnupriya Rao, Giuseppe Remuzzi, David Rojas-Rueda, Luca Ronfani, Gholamreza Roshandel, Ambuj Roy, George Mugambage Ruhago, Mohammad Yahya Saeedi, Rajesh Sagar, Muhammad Muhammad Saleh, Juan R Sanabria, Itamar S Santos, Rodrigo Sarmiento-Suarez, Benn Sartorius, Monika Sawhney, Aletta E Schutte, David C Schwebel, Soraya Seedat, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Edson E Servan-Mori, Masood Ali Shaikh, Rajesh Sharma, Jun She, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Jiabin Shen, Kenji Shibuya, Hwashin Hyun Shin, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir, Naris Silpakit, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Dayane Gabriele Alves Silveira, Edgar P Simard, Shireen Sindi, Jasvinder A Singh, Om Prakash Singh, Prashant Kumar Singh, Vegard Skirbekk, Karen Sliwa, Samir Soneji, Reed J D Sorensen, Joan B Soriano, David O Soti, Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Vasiliki Stathopoulou, Nicholas Steel, Bruno F Sunguya, Soumya Swaminathan, Bryan L Sykes, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Roberto Tchio Talongwa, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bineyam Taye, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Tesfaye Tekle, Girma Temam Shifa, Awoke Misganaw Temesgen, Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kiran Thapa, Alan J Thomson, Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Ruoyan Tobe-Gai, Roman Topor-Madry, Jeffrey Allen Towbin, Bach Xuan Tran, Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene, Nikolaos Tsilimparis, Abera Kenay Tura, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Olalekan A Uthman, N Venketasubramanian, Sergey K Vladimirov, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Stein Emil Vollset, Linhong Wang, Elisabete Weiderpass, Robert G Weintraub, Andrea Werdecker, Ronny Westerman, Tissa Wijeratne, James D Wilkinson, Charles Shey Wiysonge, Charles D A Wolfe, Sungho Won, John Q Wong, Gelin Xu, Ajit Kumar Yadav, Bereket Yakob, Ayalnesh Zemene Yalew, Yuichiro Yano, Mehdi Yaseri, Henock Gebremedhin Yebyo, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Seok-Jun Yoon, Mustafa Z Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Shicheng Yu, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Hajo Zeeb, Hao Zhang, Yong Zhao, Sanjay Zodpey, Leo Zoeckler, Liesl Joanna Zuhlke, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray
BACKGROUND: Timely assessment of the burden of HIV/AIDS is essential for policy setting and programme evaluation. In this report from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we provide national estimates of levels and trends of HIV/AIDS incidence, prevalence, coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART), and mortality for 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. METHODS: For countries without high-quality vital registration data, we estimated prevalence and incidence with data from antenatal care clinics and population-based seroprevalence surveys, and with assumptions by age and sex on initial CD4 distribution at infection, CD4 progression rates (probability of progression from higher to lower CD4 cell-count category), on and off antiretroviral therapy (ART) mortality, and mortality from all other causes...
August 2016: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447491/how-people-use-social-information-to-find-out-what-to-want-in-the-paradigmatic-case-of-inter-temporal-preferences
#18
Michael Moutoussis, Raymond J Dolan, Peter Dayan
The weight with which a specific outcome feature contributes to preference quantifies a person's 'taste' for that feature. However, far from being fixed personality characteristics, tastes are plastic. They tend to align, for example, with those of others even if such conformity is not rewarded. We hypothesised that people can be uncertain about their tastes. Personal tastes are therefore uncertain beliefs. People can thus learn about them by considering evidence, such as the preferences of relevant others, and then performing Bayesian updating...
July 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437059/clinical-decision-support-for-a-multicenter-trial-of-pediatric-head-trauma-development-implementation-and-lessons-learned
#19
Eric Tham, Marguerite Swietlik, Sara Deakyne, Jeffrey M Hoffman, Robert W Grundmeier, Marilyn D Paterno, Beatriz H Rocha, Molly H Schaeffer, Deepika Pabbathi, Evaline Alessandrini, Dustin Ballard, Howard S Goldberg, Nathan Kuppermann, Peter S Dayan
INTRODUCTION: For children who present to emergency departments (EDs) due to blunt head trauma, ED clinicians must decide who requires computed tomography (CT) scanning to evaluate for traumatic brain injury (TBI). The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) derived and validated two age-based prediction rules to identify children at very low risk of clinically-important traumatic brain injuries (ciTBIs) who do not typically require CT scans. In this case report, we describe the strategy used to implement the PECARN TBI prediction rules via electronic health record (EHR) clinical decision support (CDS) as the intervention in a multicenter clinical trial...
2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387971/randomized-trial-of-intranasal-fentanyl-versus-intravenous-morphine-for-abscess-incision-and-drainage
#20
Daniel B Fenster, Peter S Dayan, John Babineau, Linda Aponte-Patel, Daniel S Tsze
OBJECTIVES: Abscess incision and drainage (I&D) are painful and distressing procedures in children. Intranasal (IN) fentanyl is an effective analgesic for reducing symptomatic pain associated with fractures and burns but has not been studied for reducing procedural pain during abscess I&D. Our objective was to compare the analgesic efficacy of IN fentanyl with intravenous (IV) morphine for abscess I&D in children. METHODS: We performed a randomized noninferiority trial in children aged 4 to 18 years undergoing abscess I&D in a pediatric emergency department...
July 12, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
keyword
keyword
90339
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"