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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821853/visceral-adiposity-index-is-strongly-associated-with-hyperuricemia-independently-of-metabolic-health-and-obesity-phenotypes
#1
Huimin Dong, Yang Xu, Xiuzhi Zhang, Simiao Tian
Visceral adiposity index (VAI) is a novel sex-specific index for visceral adipose function; however the association between VAI and hyperuricemia in China is unknown. We aimed to investigate this association, also whether it was independent of metabolic health and obesity phenotypes. 7632 adult subjects from the China Health and Nutrition Survey 2009 were retained. Subjects were categorized into four obesity phenotypes based on a cross-classification of BMI and metabolic health status by two representative criteria...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820019/the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-and-frequency-of-sugar-sweetened-soft-drink-consumption-among-low-income-adults-in-the-us
#2
Jiyeun Park, Hsien-Chang Lin, Chao-Ying Peng
BACKGROUND: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) was designed to help low-income people purchase nutritious foods in the US. In recent years, there has been a consistent call for banning purchases of sugar drinks in SNAP. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the association between SNAP participation and the frequency of sugar-sweetened soft drink (SSD) consumption among low-income adults in the US. METHOD: Data came from the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819541/mortality-among-5-17-year-old-children-in-kenya
#3
Bonface Ombaba Osano, Fred Were, Shanaaz Mathews
INTRODUCTION: Global mortality trends have changed over time and are expected to continue changing with a reduction in communicable diseases and an increase of non-communicable disease. Increased survival of children beyond five years may change mortality patterns for these children. There are few studies in Africa that explore the causes of mortality in children over five years. The objective of this study was to determine the mortality rate and clinical profiles of children aged 5-17 years who died in six Kenyan hospitals in 2013...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818611/teasing-as-a-risk-factor-for-abnormal-eating-behaviours-a-prospective-study-in-an-adolescent-population
#4
Javier Plumed, Natalia Gimeno, María Barberá, Elías Ruiz, Llanos Conesa, Luis Miguel Rojo-Bofill, Lorenzo Livianos, Luis Rojo
INTRODUCTION: There are discrepancies in the literature about the role of teasing in the onset of eating pathology. This article aims to establish the influence of teasing in abnormal eating behaviors and attitudes in the adolescent population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a two-year prospective study conducted in 7,167 adolescents between 13 and 15 years of age. In a first assessment, teasing about weight and teasing about abilities were measured by means of the POTS...
August 14, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818552/spatial-temporal-and-health-associations-of-eating-alone-a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-young-adults-in-urban-australia-and-japan
#5
Wakako Takeda, Melissa K Melby
Eating alone is driven by social and cultural factors, not solely by individual preferences. In academic research, eating alone is often simply treated as an alternative to social, commensal eating, and little is known about the practice of eating alone itself. This study employs a cross-cultural analysis to explore social and cultural associations of eating alone. The analysis is based on 1) cultural domain data, derived from principal component analysis of freelist responses, a set of words or phrases related to the topic of eating alone; and 2) in-depth interviews with 72 young adults aged 20-40 in urban Australia and Japan...
August 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814339/social-disparities-in-body-mass-index-bmi-trajectories-among-chinese-adults-in-1991-2011
#6
Changchun Fang, Ying Liang
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a serious public health problem in China. The relationship between obesity and socio-economic status (SES) is changing and affected by uncertainty, particularly, in developing countries. The sex-related differences in body mass index (BMI) trajectories are controversial and require substantial empirical data for updating and enriching. METHODS: This study examined the relationship between SES and BMI in Chinese adults from a dynamic perspective using longitudinal data (1991-2011) from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806734/mental-health-among-single-and-partnered-parents-in-south-korea
#7
Kyoung Ae Kong, Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806113/-hungarian-diet-and-nutritional-status-survey-the-otap2014-study-v-vitamin-intake-of-the-hungarian-population
#8
Erzsébet Schreiberné Molnár, Zsuzsanna Nagy-Lőrincz, Barbara Nagy, Márta Bakacs, Orsolya Kis, Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Éva Martos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey was implemented on a sub-sample of the European Health Interview Survey. In this paper, the authors present the data on the vitamin intake of the Hungarian population. METHOD: The survey represents the vitamin intake of the Hungarian non-institutionalised adult population of 18 years and older. There are significant differences between men's and women's vitamin intake. RESULTS: The intake of all water-soluble vitamins except for vitamin C is higher in men than in women, and the difference between the genders regarding the intake of vitamin E and D is significant...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800292/osteoporosis-knowledge-translation-for-young-adults-new-directions-for-prevention-programs
#9
Alyson Holland
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis prevention is heavily reliant on education programs, which are most effective when tailored to their intended audience. Most osteoporosis prevention education is designed for older adults, making application of these programs to younger adults difficult. Designing programs for young adults requires understanding the information-seeking practices of young adults, so that knowledge about osteoporosis can be effectively translated. METHODS: Individual interviews were conducted with 60 men and women-multiethnic, Canadian young adults-to explore both the sources and types of information they search for when seeking information on nutrition or bone health...
August 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795206/children-and-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis-display-moderate-bone-microarchitecture-abnormalities-data-from-high-resolution-peripheral-quantitative-computed-tomography
#10
C Braun, J Bacchetta, P Braillon, R Chapurlat, J Drai, P Reix
We investigated whether bone microstructure assessed by high-resolution peripheral quantitative tomography (HR-pQCT) could be altered in children and teenagers with cystic fibrosis (CF). In comparison to their healthy counterparts, bone microstructure was mildly affected at the tibial level only. INTRODUCTION: Cystic fibrosis-related bone disease (CFBD) may alter bone health, ultimately predisposing patients to bone fractures. Our aim was to assess bone microstructure using high-resolution peripheral quantitative tomography (HR-pQCT) in a cohort of children and teenagers with CF in comparison to age-, puberty-, and gender-matched healthy volunteers (HVs)...
August 9, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792529/discrepancy-between-self-assessed-hearing-status-and-measured-audiometric-evaluation
#11
So Young Kim, Hyung-Jong Kim, Min-Su Kim, Bumjung Park, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the difference between self-reported hearing status and hearing impairment assessed using conventional audiometry. The associated factors were examined when a concordance between self-reported hearing and audiometric measures was lacking. METHODS: In total, 19,642 individuals ≥20 years of age who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys conducted from 2009 through 2012 were enrolled...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791867/evolution-of-newborns-urinary-metabolomic-profiles-according-to-age-and-growth
#12
Aurélien Scalabre, Elodie Jobard, Delphine Demède, Ségolène Gaillard, Clément Pontoizeau, Pierre Mouriquand, Bénédicte Elena-Herrmann, Pierre-Yves Mure
Improving the management of neonatal diseases and prevention of chronic diseases in adulthood requires a better comprehension of the complex maturational processes associated with newborns development. Urine-based metabolomic studies play a promising role in the fields of pediatrics and neonatology, relying on simple and non-invasive collection procedures while integrating a variety of factors such as genotype, nutritional state, lifestyle and diseases. Here, we investigate the influence of age, weight, height and gender on the urine metabolome during the first 4 months of life...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783741/a-possible-association-between-dysphonia-and-sleep-duration-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-from-2010-to-2012
#13
Jung-Hae Cho, Christian Guilminault, Young-Hoon Joo, Sang-Kyun Jin, Kyung-Do Han, Chan-Soon Park
BACKGROUND: Sleep is important in terms of good general health and appropriate sleep duration has been linked to quality-of-life. Dysphonia may impair communication and social relationships, and is thus also closely related to quality-of-life. No large-scale, cross-sectional epidemiological study of a sample representative of the population of an entire country has yet assessed the possible existence of a relationship between sleep duration and dysphonia. METHODS: We investigated a possible association between subjective voice problems and self-reported sleep duration in South Korean subjects using 2010-2012 data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783055/usual-choline-intakes-are-associated-with-egg-and-protein-food-consumption-in-the-united-states
#14
Taylor C Wallace, Victor L Fulgoni
Choline is an essential nutrient with critical roles in several biological processes including neuronal development, cell signaling, nerve impulse transmission, and lipid transport and metabolism. The National Cancer Institute method was used to assess usual intakes of choline from foods according to data for participants enrolled in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009-2014 datasets and pregnant women in the 2005-2014 datasets. Suboptimal intakes of choline are present across many gender and life-stage subpopulations, as well as pregnant women in the U...
August 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781027/tobacco-exposure-as-determined-by-serum-cotinine-and-subclinical-myocardial-injury-in-individuals-free-from-cardiovascular-disease
#15
Muhammad Ali, Yabing Li, Wesley T O'Neal, Elsayed Z Soliman
Tobacco exposure including second-hand smoke is the leading preventable cause of premature death in the United States. Serum cotinine, a highly sensitive and specific biomarker for tobacco exposure, is a more accurate measure of tobacco exposure than self-reported smoking status. Although the harmful effect of tobacco exposure on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (e.g., atherosclerosis) or hard CVD outcomes (e.g., myocardial infarction) is well established, its effect on intermediate outcomes such as subclinical myocardial injury (SMI), especially in nonsmokers, is not clear...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780991/a-simple-method-for-identification-of-misreporting-of-energy-intake-from-infancy-to-school-age-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Delphina Gomes, Veronica Luque, Annick Xhonneux, Elvira Verduci, Piotr Socha, Berthold Koletzko, Ursula Berger, Veit Grote
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Misreporting is a major source of reporting bias in nutritional surveys. It can affect the analysis of associations between diet and disease. Although various methods have been proposed to identify misreporting, their application to infants and young children is difficult. We identify misreporting of energy intake in infants and young children and propose a simplified approach. METHODS: 1199 children were enrolled in the Childhood Obesity Programme (CHOP) based in 5 European countries (Belgium, Germany, Italy, Poland and Spain) with repeated measurements of 3-day weighed food protocol and anthropometric indices at 10 time points between ages 1-96 months...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776343/carbohydrate-intake-exhibited-a-positive-association-with-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-both-semi-quantitative-food-frequency-questionnaires-and-24-hour-recall-in-women
#17
Jaeouk Ahn, Nam Soo Kim, Byung Kook Lee, Sunmin Park
We compared the usual nutrient intake in both the semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SQFFQ) and 24-hour recall methods and determined the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk and nutrient intake calculated by both methods in Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES; 2012-2014) data. Adjusted odds ratios for MetS were calculated according to the intake of macronutrients, measured by the 2 methods in 10,286 adults, while controlling for covariates associated with MetS...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771561/fitness-and-food-environments-around-junior-high-schools-in-taiwan-and-their-association-with-body-composition-gender-differences-for-recreational-reading-food-and-beverage-exposures
#18
Po-Huang Chiang, Lin-Yuan Huang, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Hui-Chen Tsou, Mark L Wahlqvist
School environments may contribute to adolescent behavior, reproductive physiology and body composition (BC). The Nutritional and Health Survey in Taiwan (2010) for 1458 junior high school students was geo-mapped for 30 school environs. Facilities for physical activity (fitness centers, gymnasia and sports stadiums, activity centers and parks), sedentary activities (reading material rental shops (RMRS), internet cafes) and food and beverage outlets (FBOs) were calculated as weighted numbers within 1000m of schools...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768479/evaluation-of-candidemia-in-epidemiology-and-risk-factors-among-cancer-patients-in-a-cancer-center-of-china-an-8-year-case-control-study
#19
Ding Li, Rui Xia, Qing Zhang, Changsen Bai, Zheng Li, Peng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Candidemia is the worldwide life-threaten disease, especially in cancer patients. This study was aimed to identify and evaluate the risk factors of candidemia in cancer patients, which will prompt the improvement on current therapeutic strategies and prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective, case-control study was conducted from inpatients of Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, during 2006 to 2013. Analyses were performed between cancer patients with candidemia as study case, and patients with bacterial bloodstream infections as control...
August 3, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768226/you-can-be-too-thin-but-not-too-tall-social-desirability-bias-in-self-reports-of-weight-and-height
#20
Mary A Burke, Katherine G Carman
Previous studies of survey data from the U.S. and other countries find that women tend to understate their body weight on average, while both men and women overstate their height on average. Social norms have been posited as one potential explanation for misreporting of weight and height, but lack of awareness of body weight has been suggested as an alternative explanation, and the evidence presented to date is inconclusive. This paper is the first to offer a theoretical model of self-reporting behavior for weight and height, in which individuals face a tradeoff between reporting an accurate weight (or height) and reporting a socially desirable weight (or height)...
July 13, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
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