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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468378/achalasia-patients-are-at-nutritional-risk-regardless-of-presenting-weight-category
#1
Carolyn Newberry, Ravy K Vajravelu, Octavia Pickett-Blakely, Gary Falk, Yu Xiao Yang, Kristle L Lynch
BACKGROUND: Achalasia is an esophageal motor disorder that leads to swallowing dysfunction and weight loss. Nutritional risk in achalasia patients is not well defined. AIMS: The aims of this study were to define baseline body mass index (BMI), changes in weight, and nutritional risk over time in a large cohort of achalasia patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of achalasia patients at a tertiary care center with documented BMI, symptom severity as per Eckardt score, and nutritional risk assessment as per the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool, which considers BMI, degree of recent weight loss, and acuity of disease...
February 22, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463275/leukocyte-telomere-length-in-paediatric-critical-illness-effect-of-early-parenteral-nutrition
#2
Sören Verstraete, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Esther van Puffelen, Inge Derese, Catherine Ingels, Sascha C Verbruggen, Pieter J Wouters, Koen F Joosten, Jan Hanot, Gonzalo G Guerra, Dirk Vlasselaers, Jue Lin, Greet Van den Berghe
BACKGROUND: Children who have suffered from critical illnesses that required treatment in a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) have long-term physical and neurodevelopmental impairments. The mechanisms underlying this legacy remain largely unknown. In patients suffering from chronic diseases hallmarked by inflammation and oxidative stress, poor long-term outcome has been associated with shorter telomeres. Shortened telomeres have also been reported to result from excessive food consumption and/or unhealthy nutrition...
February 21, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462382/prediagnostic-serum-vitamin-d-levels-and-the-risk-of-crohn-s-disease-and-ulcerative-colitis-in-european-populations-a-nested-case-control-study
#3
Jorrit L Opstelten, Simon S M Chan, Andrew R Hart, Fiona D M van Schaik, Peter D Siersema, Eef G W M Lentjes, Kay-Tee Khaw, Robert Luben, Timothy J Key, Heiner Boeing, Manuela M Bergmann, Kim Overvad, Domenico Palli, Giovanna Masala, Antoine Racine, Franck Carbonnel, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Vibeke Andersen, Rudolf Kaaks, Tilman Kühn, Rosario Tumino, Antonia Trichopoulou, Petra H M Peeters, W M Monique Verschuren, Ben J M Witteman, Bas Oldenburg
Background: A low vitamin D status has been put forward as a potential risk factor for the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study investigated the association between prediagnostic circulating vitamin D concentrations and dietary intakes of vitamin D, and the risk of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Methods: Among 359,728 participants of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort, individuals who developed CD or UC after enrollment were identified...
February 15, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461314/social-and-demographic-predictors-of-nutritional-risk-cross-sectional-analyses-from-the-uab-study-of-aging-ii
#4
David R Buys, Richard E Kennedy, Courtney Phillips Williams, Cynthia J Brown, Julie L Locher
Social factors may disparately affect access to food and nutritional risk among older adults by race and gender. This study assesses these associations using the Mini Nutritional Assessment among 414 community-dwelling persons 75+ years of age in Alabama. Descriptive analyses on the full sample and by African American men, African American women, white men, and white women showed that mean scores for the full Mini Nutritional Assessment differed by groups, with African American men and African American women having the highest nutritional risk...
April 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460816/chilli-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-hypertension-among-adults
#5
Zumin Shi, Malcolm Riley, Alex Brown, Amanda Page
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study aimed to examine the association between chilli intake and the incidence of hypertension in a Chinese adult population. METHODS: Adults aged 20-75 years in the China Health and Nutrition Survey were followed from 1991 to 2011. Dietary data were collected during home visits using a 3-day food record in 1991, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, 2009 and 2011. Cox regression was used in the analysis. Blood pressure was measured at each data collection point...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460804/the-costs-of-disease-related-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-children
#6
Karen Freijer, Esther van Puffelen, Koen F Joosten, Jessie M Hulst, Marc A Koopmanschap
INTRODUCTION: Disease related malnutrition (DRM) is a serious medical condition which is associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality, augmenting resource use and associated costs. DRM can be detected by actively and fully assessing the nutritional status. Studies in adult malnourished patients have shown that the additional health care costs are about € 2 billion (€ 2000 million) per year. The objective of the current study was to estimate the annual additional costs of DRM for pediatric patients as was done for adults...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459282/embodiment-of-social-roles-and-thinness-as-a-form-of-capital-a-qualitative-approach-towards-understanding-female-obesity-disparities-in-chile
#7
Jossiana Robinovich, Ximena Ossa, Bernardita Baeza, Anja Krumeich, Bart van der Borne
Obesity in Chile disproportionately affects women of low socioeconomic status (SES). Research has shown that ideals of body size and differences in perceived social pressure for being slim across socioeconomic strata contribute to the social stratification of body size among women in modern societies. Thinness is most valued by high SES women, following western standards of ideal body size. Aiming to understand the link between ideals of body size and SES, this qualitative study explored how 36 Chilean women construct their bodily ideals according to their social position...
February 10, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455688/early-life-nutritional-status-and-metabolic-syndrome-gender-specific-associations-from-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#8
Bruna Lucas Briskiewicz, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Joana Ferreira do Amaral, Maria de Fátima Haueisen Sander Diniz, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina, Sheila Maria Alvim Matos, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, Maria Inês Schmidt, Luana Giatti
OBJECTIVE: In the present study we investigated gender-specific associations of low birth weight (LBW) and shorter relative leg length with metabolic syndrome (MetS) after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and health-related behaviours. We also investigated whether these associations are independent of age at menarche and BMI at 20 years old. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. SUBJECTS: Baseline data from 12 602 participants (35-74 years) of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), 2008-2010...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455248/are-there-effects-of-age-gender-height-and-body-fat-on-the-functional-muscle-bone-unit-in-children-and-adults
#9
I Duran, K Martakis, S Hamacher, C Stark, O Semler, E Schoenau
The aim was to describe the effect of age, gender, height, different stages of human life, and body fat on the functional muscle-bone unit. All these factors had a significant effect on the functional muscle-bone unit and should be addressed when assessing functional muscle-bone unit in children and adults. INTRODUCTION: For the clinical evaluation of the functional muscle-bone unit, it was proposed to evaluate the adaptation of the bone to the acting forces. A frequently used parameter for this is the total body less head bone mineral content (TBLH-BMC) determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in relation to the lean body mass (LBM by DXA)...
February 17, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452224/methodological-and-reporting-quality-in-laboratory-studies-of-human-eating-behavior
#10
Eric Robinson, Kirsten E Bevelander, Matt Field, Andrew Jones
The methodological quality and reporting practices of laboratory studies of human eating behavior determine the validity and replicability of nutrition science. The aim of this research was to examine basic methodology and reporting practices in recent representative laboratory studies of human eating behavior. We examined laboratory studies of human eating behavior (N = 140 studies) published during 2016. Basic methodology (e.g., sample size, use of participant blinding) and reporting practices (e.g., information on participant characteristics) were assessed for each study...
February 13, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451638/-association-between-health-anthropometric-indexes-with-physical-fitness-in-physically-active-elderly-women
#11
Pablo Valdés-Badilla, Andrés Godoy-Cumillaf, Jenny Ortega-Spuler, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, Samuel Durán-Agüero, José Zapata-Bastias, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria, Eduardo Guzmán-Muñoz, Antonio López-Fuenzalida
OBJECTIVE: To associate health anthropometric indexes with physical fitness of elderly women (EW) who participate in physical exercise workshops. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 272 Chilean women over 60 years took part in the study. The variables studied were BMI, waist circumference (WC), waist-height index (WHI) and physical fitness (PF). Correlations were made through the Pearson or Spearman coefficient, and bivariate associations using Pearson's Chi-square and the Fisher's exact test, considering p<0...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444098/integrating-nutrient-bioavailability-and-co-production-links-when-identifying-sustainable-diets-how-low-should-we-reduce-meat-consumption
#12
Tangui Barré, Marlène Perignon, Rozenn Gazan, Florent Vieux, Valérie Micard, Marie-Josèphe Amiot, Nicole Darmon
BACKGROUND: Reducing the consumption of meat and other animal-based products is widely advocated to improve the sustainability of diets in high-income countries. However, such reduction may impair nutritional adequacy, since the bioavailability of key nutrients is higher when they come from animal- vs plant-based foods. Meat reduction may also affect the balance between foods co-produced within the same animal production system. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the impact of introducing nutrient bioavailability and co-production links considerations on the dietary changes needed - especially regarding meat ‒ to improve diet sustainability...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435316/severe-periodontitis-and-higher-cirrhosis-mortality
#13
Lea Ladegaard Grønkjær, Palle Holmstrup, Søren Schou, Peter Jepsen, Hendrik Vilstrup
Background: Periodontitis and edentulism are prevalent in patients with cirrhosis, but their clinical significance is largely unknown. Objective: The objective of this article is to determine the association of severe periodontitis and edentulism with mortality in patients with cirrhosis. Methods: A total of 184 cirrhosis patients underwent an oral examination. All-cause and cirrhosis-related mortality was recorded. The associations of periodontitis and edentulism with mortality were explored by Kaplan-Meier survival plots and Cox proportional hazards regression adjusted for age, gender, cirrhosis etiology, Child-Pugh score, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score, smoker status, present alcohol use, comorbidity, and nutritional risk score...
February 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433599/knowledge-of-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-apparently-healthy-indian-adults
#14
Deepa Pandit-Agrawal, Anuradha Khadilkar, Shashi Chiplonkar, Vaman Khadilkar
OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge of nutrition and physical activity; examine associations of knowledge with sociodemographic and anthropometric parameters; and evaluate the relationship between knowledge and practice in adults. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional design, 720 adults were selected using random sampling. Data on anthropometry, body fat, diet, physical activity, and nutrition and physical activity knowledge were collected using standardized questionnaires. Tertiles were used to categorize nutrition knowledge (NK) and physical activity knowledge (PK)...
February 13, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433508/research-priority-setting-reproductive-health-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territory
#15
Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Rula Ghandour, Marina Tucktuck, Mohammad Obiedallah
BACKGROUND: Occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) is an authority with limited resources. Therefore, research conducted in such a setting should be prioritized and coordinated to follow a national research agenda. This study aims to produce a research agenda for reproductive health in the oPt that can be utilized by reproductive health stakeholders and contribute to the development of policy-based evidence to guide health practice. METHODS: In the current study, we followed research prioritization methods developed by the World Health Organization-Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative...
February 13, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431505/an-initial-assessment-of-secular-trends-in-muscular-strength-among-children-adolescents-and-adults-across-the-lifespan-national-sample-of-americans
#16
Paul D Loprinzi
PURPOSE: Adequate muscular strength has important implications for morbidity and early mortality prevention. There are no data on the recent trends in muscular strength across lifespan, which was this study's purpose. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: 2011 to 2012 and 2013 to 2014 waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey across the United States. PARTICIPANTS: The analyzed sample included 12 295 participants aged 6 to 85 years...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422184/health-promoting-lifestyles-and-their-related-influences-among-nursing-assistants-in-nursing-homes-in-china
#17
Lixia Chen, Jing Zhang, Wei Fu
OBJECTIVE: The aims are to assess the health-promoting lifestyle status of nursing assistants in nursing homes in China and explore the roles of demographic, health conception, perceived health behavior self-efficacy, and job satisfaction in health-promoting lifestyles. METHOD: Using a cross-sectional descriptive design and convenience sampling, 285 nursing assistants from different nursing homes in Hangzhou were investigated using the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II, Self-Rated Abilities for Health Practice Scale, Health Conception Scale, Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire, and a demographic questionnaire to measure their health-promoting lifestyle status...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419661/hyperglycemia-is-associated-with-cardiac-complications-in-elderly-nondiabetic-patients-receiving-total-parenteral-nutrition
#18
Jinling Ma, Meng Gao, Rong Pan, Lei He, Lei Zhao, Jie Liu, Hongbin Liu
Adverse outcomes have been associated with hyperglycemia in patients receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN). The relationship may be characteristic in elderly patients. However, limited data are available about the relationship between TPN-related hyperglycemia and cardiac adverse outcome in elderly patients without previously known diabetes. This study aims to identify whether there is an association between hyperglycemia and 45-day cardiac adverse outcomes in critically and noncritically ill elderly nondiabetic patients receiving TPN...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416697/mid-arm-muscle-circumference-as-a-substantial-factor-against-mortality-among-people-with-elevated-gamma-gaps
#19
Yuan-Ping Chao, Yi-Fen Lai, Tung-Wei Kao, Tao-Chun Peng, Yuan-Yung Lin, Mu-Tsun Shih, Wei-Liang Chen, Li-Wei Wu
Gamma gap is the difference in total serum proteins and albumin and an elevated gamma gap is related to infections, malignancy, and rheumatic diseases. An elevated gamma gap is also associated with higher mortality due to the correlation with inflammatory status. The study aimed to utilize mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC) to assist in predicting all-cause mortality, cancer mortality, and cardiovascular mortality in people with elevated gamma gaps. Data were obtained from the third U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994), which contained 14,011 adults aged 20 to 90 years during up to 14...
January 2, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416322/quality-of-life-and-psychological-consequences-in-elderly-patients-after-a-hip-fracture-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Konstantinos I Alexiou, Andreas Roushias, Sokratis E Varitimidis, Konstantinos N Malizos
Fractures due to fragility of the bone around the hip joint have become a major public health issue, presenting with an increasing incidence due to the growth of the elderly population. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the impact of hip fractures on the quality of life (QoL), health status (HS), functioning, and psychological parameters, and factors influencing the outcome and the appropriate interventions for improvement of elderly patients. A systematic electronic search of the relevant literature was carried out using the CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE, Medline (OvidSP), and PubMed databases spanning the time period from their establishment up to January 2017...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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