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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050682/effect-of-exceptional-parental-longevity-and-lifestyle-factors-on-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-offspring
#1
Sriram Gubbi, Elianna Schwartz, Jill Crandall, Joe Verghese, Roee Holtzer, Gil Atzmon, Rebecca Braunstein, Nir Barzilai, Sofiya Milman
Offspring of parents with exceptional longevity (OPEL) manifest lower prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the role of lifestyle factors in this unique cohort is not known. Our study tested whether OPEL have lesser prevalence of CVD independent of lifestyle factors. Prevalence of CVD and CVD risk factors was assessed in a population of community-dwelling Ashkenazi Jewish adults aged 65 to 94 years. Participants included OPEL (n = 395), defined as having at least 1 parent living past the age of 95 years, and offspring of parents with usual survival (OPUS, n = 450), defined as having neither parent survive to 95 years...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050657/b-more-fit-for-healthy-babies-using-trauma-informed-care-policies-to-improve-maternal-health-in-baltimore-city
#2
Stacey G Tuck, Amber C Summers, Janice Bowie, Donnica Fife-Stallworth, Chase Alston, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: Pregnant obese women have an increased risk for infant mortality and poor maternal outcomes. Environmental and social conditions pose barriers for less-advantaged overweight women to participate in weight loss interventions. The B'more Fit for Healthy Babies Program aimed to address existing gender inequities that persist where exposure to community-level trauma is present. METHODS: A gender-based analysis using qualitative and quantitative approaches informed B'more Fit's intervention and identified opportunities for trauma-informed care policies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049354/inverse-association-of-marijuana-use-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#3
Donghee Kim, Won Kim, Min-Sun Kwak, Goh Eun Chung, Jeong Yoon Yim, Aijaz Ahmed
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The impact of marijuana on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is largely unknown. We studied the association between marijuana and NAFLD utilizing cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2005-2014 and NHANES III (1988-1994). METHODS: Suspected NAFLD was diagnosed if serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was > 30 IU/L for men and > 19 IU/L for women in the absence of other liver diseases (NHANES 2005-2014)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046872/swallow-breath-interaction-and-phase-of-respiration-with-swallow-during-non-nutritive-suck-in-infants-affected-by-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#4
Eric W Reynolds, Debbie Grider, Cynthia S Bell
BACKGROUND: The development of suck-swallow-breath rhythms during non-nutritive suck (NNS) may be an indicator of neurologic integrity. We have described swallow-breath (SwBr) interaction and phase of respiration (POR) with swallow during NNS in low-risk preterm (LRP) infants. NNS in infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) has not been described with our method. METHOD: Suckle, swallow, thoracic motion, and nasal airflow were measured during NNS in 10 infants with NAS and 12 unaffected infants (control)...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038669/body-composition-is-altered-in-pre-diabetic-patients-with-impaired-fasting-glucose-tolerance-results-from-the-nhanes-survey
#5
Valerie Julian, Romain Blondel, Bruno Pereira, David Thivel, Yves Boirie, Martine Duclos
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with a loss of muscle mass but the impact of fasting blood glucose (FBG) on body composition remains underappreciated in pre-diabetic subjects. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of FBG on lean mass (LM), fat mass (FM) and their distribution (trunk vs. appendicular), separately in middle-aged men and women. METHODS: One thousand nine hundred and eleven (1,911) men (63...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037273/determinants-of-takeaway-and-fast-food-consumption-a-narrative-review
#6
Hayley G Janssen, Ian G Davies, Lucinda D Richardson, Leonard Stevenson
Out-of-home foods (takeaway, take-out and fast foods) have become increasingly popular in recent decades and are thought to be a key driver in increasing levels of overweight and obesity due to their unfavourable nutritional content. Individual food choices and eating behaviours are influenced by many interrelated factors which affect the results of nutrition-related public health interventions. While the majority of research based on out-of-home foods comes from Australia, the UK and USA, the same issues (poor dietary habits and increased prevalence of non-communicable disease) are of equal concern for urban centres in developing economies undergoing 'nutrition transition' at a global scale...
October 17, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033591/clinicopathological-features-and-prognoses-in-younger-and-older-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#7
Shubin Song, Chunfeng Li, Sen Li, Xiliang Cong, Yingwei Xue
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients of different ages with gastric cancer (GC) have different clinicopathological features and prognoses. The results for different crowds are limited and controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in clinicopathological features and prognoses between younger and older GC patients. METHODS: From January 2007 to December 2011, a consecutive total of 112 GC patients under 41 years old and 358 GC patients over 69 years old who underwent gastrectomy for GC were recruited for this study...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032790/formative-qualitative-research-to-develop-community-based-interventions-addressing-low-birth-weight-in-the-plains-of-nepal
#8
Joanna Morrison, Sophiya Dulal, Helen Harris-Fry, Machhindra Basnet, Neha Sharma, Bhim Shrestha, Dharma Manandhar, Anthony Costello, David Osrin, Naomi Saville
OBJECTIVE: To explore the factors affecting intra-household food allocation practices to inform the development of interventions to prevent low birth weight in rural plains of Nepal. DESIGN: Qualitative methodology using purposive sampling to explore the barriers and facilitating factors to improved maternal nutrition. SETTING: Rural Dhanusha District, Nepal. SUBJECTS: We purposively sampled twenty-five young daughters-in-law from marginalised groups living in extended families and conducted semi-structured interviews with them...
October 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029780/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-after-stoma-closure-comparison-between-pursestring-wound-closure-and-conventional-linear-wound-closure-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#9
Masashi Yamamoto, Keitaro Tanaka, Shinsuke Masubuchi, Masatsugu Ishii, Hiroki Hamamoto, Shigenori Suzuki, Yasuhiko Ueda, Junji Okuda, Kazuhisa Uchiyama
PURPOSE: Stoma closure has been associated with a high rate of surgical site infection (SSI) and the optimal skin closure method is still controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the short-term and long-term outcomes between the conventional linear closure (CC) and the persestring closure (PC) using propensity score matching analysis. METHODS: We analysed the data of 360 patients who underwent stoma closure with CC or PC between January 2000 and December 2014...
October 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026697/effect-of-fluoride-concentration-in-drinking-water-on-intelligence-quotient-of-12-14-year-old-children-in-mathura-district-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Priyanka Razdan, Basavaraj Patthi, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Nikhil Agnihotri, Prajakta Chaudhari, Monika Prasad
AIMS: The aim was to assess and correlate the influence of the concentration of fluoride in ingested water on the intelligence quotient (IQ) of 12-14-year-old youngsters in Mathura district. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 219 children were selected, 75 from low F area, 75 medium F area, and 69 from high F area. The concentration of fluoride in the routinely ingested water was estimated using "Ion Selective Electrode method"; then, Raven's Test was utilized to estimate the IQ of the study participants...
September 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025084/association-between-adult-height-myocardial-infarction-heart-failure-stroke-and-death-a-korean-nationwide-population-based-study
#11
Chan Soon Park, Eue-Keun Choi, Kyung-Do Han, Hyun Jung Lee, Tae-Min Rhee, So-Ryoung Lee, Myung-Jin Cha, Woo-Hyun Lim, Si-Hyuck Kang, Seil Oh
Background: The association between adult height and cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality has been suggested, albeit inconsistently. We sought to discover the comprehensive relationship between height, CV-related morbidity and all-cause death according to age. Methods: We investigated the association between adult height and myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure (HF), stroke incidence and mortality in 16 528 128 Korean patients who underwent regular health check-ups (2005-08)...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025080/exposure-to-perchlorate-nitrate-and-thiocyanate-and-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Gang Liu, Geng Zong, Klodian Dhana, Yang Hu, Benjamin C Blount, Maria Morel-Espinosa, Qi Sun
Background: It is known that perchlorate, nitrate and thiocyanate have the property of inhibiting sodium iodide symporter. Animal studies have suggested that these compounds, especially perchlorate, might also interfere with insulin secretion. However, the association between their exposure and diabetes risk is largely unknown in humans. Methods: Among 11 443 participants (mean age 42.3 years) from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 2001-14, urinary perchlorate, nitrate and thiocyanate were measured by using ion chromatography coupled with electrospray tandem mass spectrometry...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019323/diet-physical-activity-marital-status-and-risk-of-cancer-a-case-control-study-of-adults-from-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#13
Eyad Fawzi AlSaeed, Mutahir A Tunio
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the dietary habits, engagement in various sports, smoking habits, marital status and other demographic characteristics, between cancer patients and healthy adults (control) at our institute, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 500 participants (237 cancer patients and 263 healthy adults). A well-structured questionnaire was given to these participants regarding the life style, dietary habits, and marital status through interviews...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994742/blood-lead-levels-and-learning-disabilities-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-2003-2004-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#14
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Mark R Geier
Difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning or mathematical abilities are present among persons diagnosed with learning disabilities (LDs). Previous studies suggest a significant relationship between lead (Pb) exposure and LDs. This study evaluated the potential dose-response relationship between blood Pb levels and the risk of LDs. This cross-sectional study examined 1411 children (32,788,743 weighted-persons) between 6 and 15 years old from the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) by analyzing demographics, health related-questions, and laboratory tests using survey logistic and frequency modeling in SAS...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990404/dietary-planning-self-efficacy-and-outcome-expectancies-play-a-role-in-an-online-intervention-on-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption
#15
Ralf Schwarzer, Lisa M Warner, Lena Fleig, Maryam Gholami, Lluis Serra-Majem, Joy Ngo, Luisella Cianferotti, Maria Kritikou, Piergiorgio Mossi, Evangelia Ntzani, Maria L Brandi
OBJECTIVE: An online intervention to improve fruit and vegetable (FV) intake examines the role of planning, outcome expectancies, self-efficacy and gender. Women are not only expected to eat more FV than men, but they are also expected to be more responsive to nutritional advice and benefit more from treatment. METHOD: A two-arm digital intervention with 269 men and 395 women (Mage = 41.2, SDage = 11.45; range: 19-66 years) was conducted in Italy, Spain and Greece, followed up at three and six months, comparing a static with a dynamic, feedback-intensive platform...
October 9, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989156/-prevalence-and-influential-factors-for-asthma-among-adults-in-chinese
#16
Qianqian Ma, Tubao Yang
To analyze the prevalence and influential factors for asthma among adults in Chinese.
 Methods: Chinese residents aged ≥18 years in 12 regions were enrolled to estimate the prevalence of asthma in adults with different characteristics. Multivariate logistic regression analysis were adopted to determine the influential factors for asthma based on the China Health and Nutrition Survey in 2009 and 2011.
 Results: The prevalence of asthma was 1.25% (95%CI 1.06% to 1.43%) among the entire adult population in China...
September 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988951/-relationship-between-macronutrient-and-micronutrient-intake-and-nutritional-status-of-active-older-adults-in-chill%C3%A3-n-chile
#17
Verónica Barrón, Alejandra Rodríguez, Ivonne Cuadra, Carolina Flores, Paulina Sandoval
INTRODUCTION: Social participation by older adults is a health-protective element that promotes a normal nutritional status through the intake of appropriate nutrients that favour successful aging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical study was performed on a sample of 118 older adults. Food intake was measured using a 24-h recall questionnaire. The body mass index was used to evaluate the nutritional status. The information was analysed using uni- and bivariate descriptive statistics...
October 5, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988565/effect-of-age-and-gender-on-carcass-traits-and-meat-quality-of-farmed-brown-hares
#18
A Trocino, M Birolo, S Dabbou, F Gratta, N Rigo, G Xiccato
A total of 48 sub-adult hares and adult reproducing farmed hares were used to characterize carcass and meat traits according to the age and gender of animals. With respect to carcass traits, when age increased, the carcass weight significantly increased (2022 to 3391 g; P<0.001), but dressing out percentages did not change. The dissectible fat (1.3% to 2.2%; P<0.05) and Longissimus lumborum (LL) proportions (13.5% to 14.5%; P<0.001) and muscle-to-bone ratio of hind legs (5.11 to 6.23; P<0.001) increased, whereas the hind leg proportions decreased (37...
October 9, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983432/maternity-leave-policies-trade-offs-between-labour-market-demands-and-health-benefits-for-children
#19
Lucy Strang, Miriam Broeks
Over recent years many European Union countries have made changes to the design of the maternity leave provision. These policy developments reflect calls for greater gender equality in the workforce and more equal share of childcare responsibilities. However, while research shows that long period of leave can have negative effects on women's labour market attachment and career advancements, early return to work can be seen as a factor preventing exclusive breastfeeding, and therefore, potentially having negative health impacts for babies...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982124/prevalence-of-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-defects-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2012
#20
Kyeong Ik Na, Jin Wook Jeoung, Won June Lee, Young Kook Kim, Chan Yun Kim, Ki Ho Park
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence and associated factors of retinal nerve fiber layer defects (RNFLDs) in a Korean population. METHODS: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) is a population-based study using a complex, stratified, multistage, probability-cluster survey. We performed a review of 2008-2012 data from the KNHANES. Two masked ophthalmologists evaluated fundus photography to detect RNFLDs. All participants underwent ocular and systemic evaluations...
2017: PloS One
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