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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684199/patterns-of-ses-health-disparities-among-older-adults-in-three-upper-middle-and-two-high-income-countries
#1
Mary McEniry, Rafael Samper-Ternent, Carmen Elisa Flórez, Renata Pardo, Carlos Cano-Gutierrez
Objectives: To examine the socioeconomic status (SES) health gradient for obesity, diabetes, and hypertension within a diverse group of health outcomes and behaviors among older adults (60+) in upper middle-income countries benchmarked with high-income countries. Method : We used data from three upper middle-income settings (Colombia-SABE-Bogotá, Mexico-SAGE, and South Africa-SAGE) and two high-income countries (England-ELSA and US-HRS) to estimate logistic regression models using age, gender, and education to predict health and health behaviors...
April 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679620/longitudinal-association-between-periodontitis-and-development-of-diabetes-running-title-periodontitis-and-diabetes-development
#2
Kaumudi J Joshipura, Francisco J Muñoz-Torres, Bruce A Dye, Brian G Leroux, Margarita Ramírez-Vick, Cynthia M Pérez
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have shown very modest short-term improvements in glycemic control among participants with diabetes after periodontitis treatment. Few longitudinal studies suggest that periodontitis may be related to prediabetes/diabetes risk. METHODS: We evaluated 1,206 diabetes free participants in the San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study (SOALS) and 941 with complete 3-year follow-up data were included. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) methods were used to assess periodontitis...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679294/gender-differences-in-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-of-post-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-patients
#3
Yong Hwan Kim, Wi-Young So
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a structured program for the prevention of secondary cardiovascular disease (CVD) and related diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. This study aimed to investigate whether there are gender differences after 9 months of home-based cardiac rehabilitation program in post-percutaneous coronary intervention patients. A total of 114 (58.29 ± 10.33 years) men and 30 (60.90 ± 9.32 years) women were enrolled in the CR program. The program included three visits: initial, 4th month (follow-up), and 9th month (final) visits at a CR center...
April 20, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678118/the-relationship-between-pulmonary-function-and-suicidal-ideation-in-korean-adults-a-nationwide-survey
#4
Min-Seok Seo, In Cheol Hwang, Jae-Yong Shim, Hong Yup Ahn, Sewan Kim
Controversy surrounds the association between lung function and mental health in the general population, and previous reported results were confounded by the effect of other chronic illnesses. This study aimed to investigate whether reduced lung function was related to mental health issues, taking into consideration the relevant potential confounders. We used data from the 2008-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to examine the relationship between lung function and three mental issues (recognized stress, depressive mood, and suicidal ideation) among 22,068 Korean adults...
April 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677154/prevalence-of-general-and-central-obesity-and-associated-factors-among-north-korean-refugees-in-south-korea-by-duration-after-defection-from-north-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Yoon Jung Kim, Sin Gon Kim, Yo Han Lee
Previous studies on obesity status among North Korean refugees (NKRs) have been limited. We investigated mean body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and general and central obesity prevalence among NKRs in South Korea (SK) by duration after defection from North Korea (NK), using cross-sectional data of the North Korean Refugee Health in South Korea (NORNS) study and compared these data with a sample from the general South Korean population (the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey)...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676928/effect-of-reflexology-on-infantile-colic
#6
Sibel Icke, Rabia Genc
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of reflexology on infantile colic. DESIGN: A total of 64 babies with colic were included in this study (n = 31: study group; n = 33: control group). Following a pediatrician's diagnosis, two groups (study and control) were created. Sociodemographic data (including mother's age, educational status, and smoking habits of parents) and medical history of the baby (including gender, birth weight, mode of delivery, time of the onset breastfeeding after birth, and nutrition style) were collected...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675748/association-between-obesity-and-depressive-symptoms-in-mexican-population
#7
Gerardo A Zavala, Spyros Kolovos, Alessandro Chiarotto, Judith E Bosmans, Maiza Campos-Ponce, Jorge L Rosado, Olga P Garcia
PURPOSE: Obesity and depression are among the leading causes of disability in Mexico, but their association has not been explored yet. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between obesity and depression in Mexican population. METHODS: We used data from the health and nutrition survey (ENSANUT 2012), which is representative of the Mexican population. Obesity was determined using the body mass index (BMI) and abdominal obesity by measuring waist circumference...
April 19, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673875/intervention-strategies-to-improve-nutrition-and-health-behaviours-before-conception
#8
REVIEW
Mary Barker, Stephan U Dombrowski, Tim Colbourn, Caroline H D Fall, Natasha M Kriznik, Wendy T Lawrence, Shane A Norris, Gloria Ngaiza, Dilisha Patel, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Falko F Sniehotta, Régine Steegers-Theunissen, Christina Vogel, Kathryn Woods-Townsend, Judith Stephenson
The nutritional status of both women and men before conception has profound implications for the growth, development, and long-term health of their offspring. Evidence of the effectiveness of preconception interventions for improving outcomes for mothers and babies is scarce. However, given the large potential health return, and relatively low costs and risk of harm, research into potential interventions is warranted. We identified three promising strategies for intervention that are likely to be scalable and have positive effects on a range of health outcomes: supplementation and fortification; cash transfers and incentives; and behaviour change interventions...
April 16, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673539/methodological-considerations-and-future-insights-for-24-hour-dietary-recall-assessment-in-children
#9
REVIEW
Emma Foster, Jennifer Bradley
Dietary assessment has come under much criticism of late to the extent that it has been questioned whether self-reported methods of dietary assessment are worth doing at all. Widespread under-reporting of energy intake, limitations due to memory, changes to intake due to the burden of recording and social desirability bias all impact significantly on the accuracy of the dietary information collected. Under-reporting of energy intakes has long been recognized as a problem in dietary research with doubly labeled water measures of energy expenditure uncovering significant under-reporting of energy intakes across different populations and different dietary assessment methods...
March 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673501/association-of-sarcopenia-with-nutritional-parameters-quality-of-life-hospitalization-and-mortality-rates-of-elderly-patients-on-hemodialysis
#10
Juliana Giglio, Maria Ayako Kamimura, Fernando Lamarca, Juliana Rodrigues, Fernanda Santin, Carla Maria Avesani
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess whether diminished muscle mass, diminished muscle strength, or both conditions (sarcopenia) are associated with worse nutritional status, poor quality of life (QoL), and hard outcomes, such as hospitalization and mortality, in elderly patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: This is a multicenter observational longitudinal study that included 170 patients on MHD (age 70 ± 7 years, 65% male) from 6 dialysis centers...
May 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673210/bioelectrical-impedance-phase-angle-as-an-indicator-of-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-children-with-diagnosed-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-case-control-study
#11
Paweł Więch, Mariusz Dąbrowski, Dariusz Bazaliński, Izabela Sałacińska, Bartosz Korczowski, Monika Binkowska-Bury
The phase angle (PhA) seems to be a reliable screening tool for the identification of malnutrition risk in hospitalized children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of the present study was to assess the body composition and nutritional status of hospitalized children and adolescents with IBD by using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) with phase angle (PhA) calculation, which has not been evaluated in hospitalized children with IBD yet. A total of 59 children and adolescents aged 4–18 years, with IBD: 34 ulcerative colitis (UC) and 25 Crohn’s disease (CD) were included in the study...
April 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670754/student-experiences-with-traffic-light-labels-at-college-cafeterias-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
M W Seward, J P Block, A Chatterjee
Objective: To assess student perceptions of traffic-light labels (TLLs) in college cafeterias. Design: Cross-sectional, mixed-methods study. Setting: One northeastern US college. Participants: A total of 1,294 survey respondents; 57 focus group participants. Interventions: Seven-week traffic-light labelling (green = 'nutrient-rich', yellow = 'less nutrient-rich', red = 'more nutrient-rich choice in green or yellow') intervention at two college cafeterias...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667846/effect-of-gender-on-breast-and-thigh-turkey-meat-quality
#13
F Gálvez, R Domínguez, M Pateiro, J Carballo, I Tomasevic, J M Lorenzo
1. The influence of gender on chemical composition, physicochemical parameters, fatty acid profile, amino acid and mineral composition of turkey breast and thigh meat was studied in order to assess nutrient requirements. 2. Chemical composition showed that only intramuscular fat in breast meat was significantly affected by gender (P<0.05). The results showed a higher percentage of intramuscular fat in male samples, almost double the amount found in females (0.73% vs. 0.38%). 3.For meat colour parameters, only a* showed different results between sexes, with male samples (breast: P<0...
April 18, 2018: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667237/the-trends-and-prevalence-of-obesity-and-morbid-obesity-among-australian-school-aged-children-1985-2014
#14
Joshua Xu, Louise L Hardy, Cici Z Guo, Sarah P Garnett
AIM: Children with obesity have a greater risk of adverse social and physical health outcomes. We examined temporal changes in body mass index (BMI) z-scores and the prevalence obesity and morbid obesity in children from 1985 to 2014. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of BMI data for children aged 7-15 years from five cross-sectional Australian datasets. Changes in age- and gender-adjusted BMI (BMI z-scores) and nutritional status were categorised using the International Obesity Task Force cut-off points...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666980/epidemiology-of-uveitis-in-a-us-population-based-study
#15
Marta Mora González, Marissé Masís Solano, Travis C Porco, Catherine E Oldenburg, Nisha R Acharya, Shan C Lin, Matilda F Chan
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to assess the relationship between self-reported uveitis and purported demographic and clinical risk factors, using an American adult population extracted from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for the years 2009 and 2010. This is a cross-sectional, population-based study using a sample of 5106 subjects between 20 and 69 years old. The main outcome for our study was the self-report of a diagnosis of uveitis. The demographic analysis included age, gender, and ethnicity...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666202/nutritional-role-of-amniotic-fluid-clues-from-infants-with-congenital-obstruction-of-the-digestive-tract
#16
Nigel J Hall, Melanie Drewett, David Burge
AIMS: To investigate the role played by amniotic fluid in late fetal nutrition by analysis of infants born with digestive tract atresia. METHODS: Birth weight (BW), gestational age and gender of infants born with oesophageal (OA), duodenal (DA), jejunal (JA) and ileal atresia (IA) were recorded and BW Z-scores compared. Infants with incomplete obstruction (stenosis), chromosomal or syndromic conditions and multiple congenital malformations were excluded. Term infants admitted with suspected postnatal intestinal obstruction in whom no congenital malformation was found were used as a control group...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664189/hydration-and-nutritional-status-in-patients-on-home-dialysis-a-single-centre-study
#17
Janet S C Li, John Y H Chan, Mandy M Y Tai, So M Wong, S M Pang, Fanny Y F Lam, Carmen H M Chu, Chris S Y Ching, Joseph H S Wong, W L Chak
BACKGROUND: Over-hydration (OH) and malnutrition are prevalent among patients on dialysis therapy. The prevalence of OH and malnutrition as well as the risk factors associated with OH and malnutrition in our patients on home peritoneal dialysis (PD) and home haemodialysis (HD) are examined. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. The hydration and nutritional status of the study groups were assessed by a Body Composition Monitor. Patients who were stable on home dialysis therapy for over one year were invited to participate...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663621/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-young-children-born-to-hiv-positive-mothers-in-rural-yunnan-china
#18
Jie Wu, Jing Li, Yan Li, Kek Khee Loo, Haixia Yang, Qiong Wang, Rufei Duan, Xia Xiao, Xiaoxiao Song, Siwei Yang, Lin Sun
BACKGROUND: Children born to HIV-infected mothers are at risk for neurodevelopmental delay. Little is known about neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants and toddlers who were born to HIV-positive mothers but were not themselves infected by HIV, especially in poor rural areas. This study was conducted to compare developmental outcomes between young children who were HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) and their HIV-unexposed and uninfected (HUU) peers in rural Yunnan, China. METHODS: A total of 250 HEU children aged 6-36 months and 250 HUU children matched on age, gender and residency were recruited from rural Yunnan, China...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663305/factors-associated-with-short-term-morbidity-in-patients-undergoing-colon-resection-for-crohn-s-disease
#19
H Hande Aydinli, Erman Aytac, Feza H Remzi, Mitchell Bernstein, Alexis L Grucela
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing colon resection for Crohn's disease are at risk of developing postoperative complications. The aim of this study is to identify factors associated with short-term (30-day) morbidity in patients undergoing colon resection for Crohn's disease from a national database. METHODS: Patients who underwent colon resection for Crohn's disease in 2015 were identified from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663160/swallowing-dysfunction-as-risk-factor-for-undernutrition-in-older-people-admitted-to-swedish-short-term-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Patricia Hägglund, Anna Fält, Mary Hägg, Per Wester, Eva Levring Jäghagen
BACKGROUND: Swallowing dysfunction and risk of undernutrition increase the risk of pneumonia, morbidity, and mortality. Short-term care is an unexplored care context, where many older people stay yearly. AIM: This cross-sectional study aimed to describe and analyze the relationship between swallowing dysfunction and risk of undernutrition among older people in short-term care, including potential gender-related differences. METHODS: In total, 391 people (209 women), aged ≥ 65 years (median age 84 years) and admitted to short-term care in five Swedish counties participated...
April 16, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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