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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437144/framingham-risk-score-and-estimated-10-year-cardiovascular-disease-risk-reduction-by-a-short-term-yoga-based-life-style-intervention
#1
Rashmi Yadav, Raj Kumar Yadav, Kumar Sarvottam, Ritesh Netam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a short-term yoga-based life-style intervention program in lowering Framingham Risk Score (FRS) and estimated 10-year cardiovascular risk. METHODS: This was a single-arm, pre-post interventional study including data from a historical cohort with low to moderate risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). It was conducted in a tertiary-care hospital. Participants with low (0 or 1 CVD risk factors) to moderately high risk (10-year risk between 10% and 20% and two or more CVD risk factors) were included...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434427/prenatal-fish-oil-supplementation-and-early-childhood-development-in-the-upstate-kids-study
#2
K Vollet, A Ghassabian, R Sundaram, N Chahal, E H Yeung
Fish oil contains omega-3 fatty acids, which play a vital role in fetal growth and development. In utero exposure to omega-3 fatty acids is exclusively dependent on maternal nutrition. Previous studies have suggested that prenatal fish oil supplementation has positive impacts on child neurodevelopment later in life. This study examines the associations between fish oil supplementation both before pregnancy and throughout pregnancy and subsequent child development. Mother-child pairs from the Upstate KIDS Study, a birth cohort consisting of children born between 2008 and 2010, were included...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430114/urban-and-rural-differences-in-hypertension-risk-factors-in-turkey
#3
İlker Daştan, Ayşegül Erem, Volkan Çetinkaya
OBJECTIVE: Existing literature shows considerable regional differences in terms of hypertension (HT) prevalence in Turkey. The purpose of this study was to analyze some of the known HT risk factors contributing to the variations between urban and rural areas of Turkey in HT development. METHODS: We used data from the 2011 Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors Survey that was conducted by the Turkish Ministry of Health on a representative sample of the Turkish adult population aged 20 years or more (n=16...
April 19, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422605/time-to-first-cigarette-physical-activity-and-pulmonary-function-in-middle-aged-to-older-adult-smokers
#4
Russell T Nye, Melissa Mercincavage, Steven A Branstetter
BACKGROUND: How addiction severity relates to physical activity (PA), and if PA moderates the relation between PA and lung function among smokers is unknown. This study explored the independent and interactive associations of nicotine addiction severity and PA with lung function. METHODS: The study utilized cross-sectional data from 343 adult smokers aged 40-79 participating in the 2009-10 and 2011-12 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Assessed were the independent relations of nicotine addiction severity, as measured by the time to first cigarette (TTFC), and average daily minutes of moderate and vigorous PA with lung function ratio (FEV1/FVC)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420202/cereal-consumption-among-subjects-with-celiac-disease-a-snapshot-for-nutritional-considerations
#5
Francesco Valitutti, Donatella Iorfida, Caterina Anania, Chiara Maria Trovato, Monica Montuori, Salvatore Cucchiara, Carlo Catassi
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge no study has focused on the pattern of cereal-based products (CBP) consumption among people with celiac disease (CD). Our study aimed at evaluating the dietary intake of CBP among patients with CD and comparing it with a control population. METHODS: Eighty-two volunteers with CD and 77 non-CD volunteers enrolled throughout Italy were asked to register their consumption of CBP on specific diaries for three days. RESULTS: CD patients' median three-day intake of biscuits and crackers was higher compared to controls (65...
April 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420116/construct-validity-of-an-obesity-risk-screening-tool-in-two-age-groups
#6
Karissa L Peyer, Greg J Welk
Home environment influences child health, but the impact varies as children move into adolescence. The Family Nutrition and Physical Activity (FNPA) screening tool has been used to evaluate home environments, but studies have not compared the utility of the tool in different age groups. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of the FNPA tool in first and tenth grade samples. Parents of first grade (n = 250) and tenth grade (n = 99) students completed the FNPA and results were linked to body mass index (BMI) data...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417563/nutritional-parameters-as-mortality-predictors-in-haemodialysis-differences-between-genders
#7
Telma Sobral Oliveira, Ana Tentúgal Valente, Cristina Guerreiro Caetano, Cristina Antunes Garagarza
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in patients undergoing haemodialysis (HD). Several studies have described different nutritional parameters as mortality predictors but few have studied whether there are differences between genders. This study aimed to evaluate which nutrition parameters may be associated with mortality in patients undergoing long-term HD depending on their gender. METHODS: Longitudinal prospective multicentre study with 12 months of follow-up...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408363/wittyfit-live-your-work-differently-study-protocol-for-a-workplace-delivered-health-promotion
#8
Frédéric Dutheil, Martine Duclos, Geraldine Naughton, Samuel Dewavrin, Thomas Cornet, Pascal Huguet, Jean-Claude Chatard, Bruno Pereira
BACKGROUND: Morbidity before retirement has a huge cost, burdening both public health and workplace finances. Multiple factors increase morbidity such as stress at work, sedentary behavior or low physical activity, and poor nutrition practices. Nowadays, the digital world offers infinite opportunities to interact with workers. The WittyFit software was designed to understand holistic issues of workers by promoting individualized behavior changes at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: The shorter term feasibility objective is to demonstrate that effective use of WittyFit will increase well-being and improve health-related behaviors...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407463/number-of-existing-permanent-teeth-is-associated-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-elderly-korean-population
#9
Hye-Sun Shin
Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the association between the number of existing permanent teeth and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a representative sample of the elderly Korean population. Methods: A total of 2,519 subjects who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were cross-sectionally examined. The number of existing permanent teeth was evaluated by clinical oral examination. CKD was defined based on definition and classification by Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) 2012 guidelines...
April 14, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404491/hypertension-and-correlates-among-montenegrin-schoolchildren-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
M Martinovic, G Belojevic, G W Evans, N Kavaric, B Asanin, S Pantovic, M Jaksic, J Boljevic
OBJECTIVES: In one of the few national studies of children in a former Eastern bloc country emerging as a Western democracy and the first such study ever in Montenegro, this study establishes the prevalence and correlates of childhood hypertension (CH). STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional national study. METHODS: The study was conducted with 3254 children aged 7-13 years (50.3% male) from 39 elementary schools. We used a structured questionnaire to gather sociodemographic information as well as data on factors potentially related to CH...
March 6, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403765/the-australasian-society-for-infectious-diseases-and-refugee-health-network-of-australia-recommendations-for-health-assessment-for-people-from-refugee-like-backgrounds-an-abridged-outline
#11
Nadia J Chaves, Georgia A Paxton, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Aesen Thambiran, Joanne Gardiner, Jan Williams, Mitchell M Smith, Joshua S Davis
In 2009, the Australasian Society of Infectious Diseases published guidelines on the post-arrival health assessment of recently arrived refugees. Since then, the number of refugees and asylum seekers reaching Australia has increased substantially (17 555 refugees in 2015-16) and the countries of origin have changed. These groups are likely to have had poor access to health care pre-arrival and, consequently, are at risk of a range of chronic and infectious diseases. We established an advisory group that included infectious diseases physicians, general practitioners, public health specialists, paediatricians and refugee health nurses to update the 2009 guidelines...
April 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399838/association-of-nutrition-club-membership-with-markers-of-health-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Sai Krupa Das, Taylor A Vail, Namibia Lebrón-Torres, Kara A Livingston, Susan B Roberts, Gail T Rogers, Cheryl H Gilhooly, Lorien E Urban, Edward Saltzman, Nicola M McKeown, Sara C Folta
BACKGROUND: Nutrition clubs (NC) operate in community settings and provide members with nutrition education and meal replacements for weight management. NC are owned and operated by distributors of Herbalife products. There are over 6200 NC in the US, but there has been no independent assessment of the association of these NC with biomarkers of health. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional pilot study to compare the health status of 100 NC members to 100 community-matched controls (CC) in the greater Boston area...
April 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399676/a-social-marketing-approach-to-1-milk-use-resonance-is-the-key
#13
Karla Jaye Finnell, Robert John
The U.S. Dietary Guidelines recommend low-fat milk consumption, and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed) programs follow these guidelines to develop health education programs for SNAP recipients. This study evaluated a multilevel media intervention promoting low-fat milk use among Oklahoma SNAP recipients, a population often missed. Behavior change was measured with pre- and postintervention telephone interviews with SNAP recipients ( n = 860). Immediately following the intervention, self-reported purchases of 1% milk, the focus of behavior change, significantly increased to 7...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399514/mortality-greenhouse-gas-emissions-and-consumer-cost-impacts-of-combined-diet-and-physical-activity-scenarios-a-health-impact-assessment-study
#14
Marko Tainio, Pablo Monsivais, Nicholas Rv Jones, Christian Brand, James Woodcock
OBJECTIVE: To quantify changes in mortality, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and consumer costs for physical activity and diet scenarios. DESIGN: For the physical activity scenarios, all car trips from <1 to <8 miles long were progressively replaced with cycling. For the diet scenarios, the study population was assumed to increase fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption by 1-5 portions of F&V per day, or to eat at least 5 portions per day. Health effects were modelled with the comparative risk assessment method...
February 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393597/-hungarian-diet-and-nutritional-status-survey-ot%C3%A3-p2014-ii-energy-and-macronutrient-intake-of-the-hungarian-population
#15
Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Márta Bakacs, Éva Illés, Barbara Nagy, Anita Varga, Orsolya Kis, Erzsébet Schreiberné Molnár, Éva Martos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The aim of the study was to assess and monitor the dietary habits and nutrient intake of Hungarian adults. METHOD: Three-day dietary records were used for dietary assessment, the sample was representative for the Hungarian population aged ≥18ys by gender and age. RESULTS: The mean proportion of energy from fat was higher (men: 38 energy%, women: 37 energy%), that from carbohydrates was lower (men: 45 energy%, women: 47 energy%) than recommended, the protein intake is adequate...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393546/nutrition-behaviors-and-sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-overweight-in-the-multi-ethnic-adolescents-of-new-caledonia
#16
Stéphane Frayon, Sophie Cherrier, Yolande Cavaloc, Amandine Touitou, Paul Zongo, Guillaume Wattelez, Kalina Yacef, Corinne Caillaud, Yannick Lerrant, Olivier Galy
OBJECTIVES: New Caledonia is a multi-ethnic French territory in the Pacific, characterized by communities with widely varying nutritional habits. Little is currently known about adolescent food behaviors and habits and their association with overweight. This study therefore determined the sociodemographic factors and food behaviors associated with overweight and underweight in this population, as well as the factors associated with skipping breakfast. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among New Caledonian adolescents using a self-administered questionnaire; anthropometric measurements were also taken...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393382/-maybe-i-will-give-some-help%C3%A2-maybe-not-to-help-the-eyes-but-different-help-an-analysis-of-care-and-support-of-children-with-visual-impairment-in-community-settings-in-malawi
#17
M Gladstone, M McLinden, G Douglas, E Jolley, E Schmidt, J Chimoyo, H Magombo, P Lynch
BACKGROUND: Visual impairment in children is common in low and middle-income settings. Whilst visual impairment (VI) can impact on the development of children, many reach full potential with appropriate early intervention programmes. Although there is increased emphasis on early child development globally, it is not yet clear how to provide specific programmes for children with VI in low and middle-income settings. This study aims to identify facilitators and barriers to the provision of a developmental stimulation programme for children with VI in rural and urban Malawi...
April 9, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390035/primary-fungal-prophylaxis-in-acute-leukemia-patients-with-different-risk-factors-retrospective-analysis-from-the-caesar-study
#18
Rongli Zhang, Jing Chen, He Huang, Jun Ma, Fanyi Meng, Yongmin Tang, Jianda Hu, Xi Zhang, Yu Ji, Huisheng Ai, Yingmin Liang, Depei Wu, Xiaojun Huang, Mingzhe Han
Invasive fungal disease (IFD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in acute leukemia (AL) patients. The impact of primary antifungal prophylaxis (PAP) on AL patients with different risk factors is unclear. We analyzed 2015 Chinese AL patients who received a total of 2274 chemotherapy courses, including 1410 courses in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and 864 courses in acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) patients. The IFD incidence was significantly higher among AML than ALL patients (11.8 vs. 7.1%, P < 0...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388978/relationship-between-long-working-hours-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-korean-workers
#19
Jungok Yu
PURPOSE: This study investigated gender differences in the relationship between long working hours and metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Data based on the Sixth National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2014) pertaining to a total of 1,145 paid workers were analyzed. Working hours were divided into three groups (40-51 hours/week, 52-59 hours/week, ≥ 60 hours/week). The relationship between working hours and metabolic syndrome was then analyzed after adjusting for general and occupational characteristics, using a multiple logistic regression model...
March 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388661/types-of-social-participation-and-psychological-distress-in-japanese-older-adults-a-five-year-cohort-study
#20
Shiho Amagasa, Noritoshi Fukushima, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Koichiro Oka, Tomoko Takamiya, Yuko Odagiri, Shigeru Inoue
INTRODUCTION: The most effective type of social participation against psychological distress in older adults is not well documented. The aim of this study was to examine whether different types of social participation are associated with changes in psychological distress level in older men and women in Japan. METHODS: Two thousand seven hundred community-dwelling older adults (aged 65-74 years, 50% women) were randomly selected from the resident registry of three cities...
2017: PloS One
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