Read by QxMD icon Read

MINS anaesthesia

Rajasree Omanakutty Amma, Subha Ravindran, Rachel Cherian Koshy, K M Jagathnath Krishna
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: With the availability of modern workstations and heightened awareness on the environmental effects of waste anaesthesia gases, anaesthesiologists worldwide are practicing low flow anaesthesia (LFA). Although LFA is being practiced in India, hard evidence on the current practice of the same from anaesthesiologists practicing in India is lacking and hence, we conducted this survey. METHODS: A questionnaire containing 16 questions was distributed among a subgroup of anaesthesiologists who attended the 2014 National Conference of Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
R Nirupa, Satinder Gombar, Vanita Ahuja, Preeti Sharma
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: i-gel™ is a newer supraglottic airway device with a unique non-inflatable cuff. We aimed to compare i-gel™ with ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway (PLMA™) in children scheduled for surgery under general anaesthesia (GA) with controlled ventilation. METHODS: This prospective, randomised controlled study was conducted in 100 surgical patients, aged 2-6 years of American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status I-II scheduled under GA. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either size 2 i-gel™ or PLMA™ as an airway device...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Priyamvada Gupta, Durga Jethava, Ruchika Choudhary, Dharam Das Jethava
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation are considered as potent stimuli which lead to an increase in heart rate and blood pressure. Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) has been studied for pre-operative anxiolysis and sedation in Intensive Care Unit. We made a hypothesis that melatonin can provide haemodynamic stability during laryngoscopy and intubation when given 120 min before the procedure. METHODS: Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Grade I and II patients of either gender, 20-45 years old, 40-65 kg body weight, scheduled to undergo elective surgical procedures under general anaesthesia were assigned into two equal groups - Group C (control) and Group M (melatonin)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Tonny Stone Luggya, Richard Nicholas Kabuye, Cephas Mijumbi, Joseph Bahe Tindimwebwa, Andrew Kintu
BACKGROUND: Surgery and anaesthesia cause shivering due to thermal dysregulation as a compensatory mechanism and is worsened by vasodilatation from spinal anaesthesia that redistributes core body heat. Due to paucity of data Mulago Hospital's post spinal shivering burden is unknown yet it causes discomfort and morbidity. METHODS: Ethical approval was obtained to perform the study among consenting mothers due for elective caesarean section from March to May 2011...
October 18, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Madhavi Unmesh Santpur, Govind Marutrao Kahalekar, Nowreen Saraf, Aparna Losari
BACKGROUND: Regional anesthesia is the preferred technique for most of lower abdominal and lower limb surgeries. For decades, lignocaine had been the local anesthetic of choice for spinal anesthesia. Recent studies show that intravenous clonidine and dexmedetomidine can prolong the duration of the spinal anesthesia. Dexmedetomidine is a more suitable adjuvant compared to clonidine due to its more selective α2A receptor agonist activity. AIM: The study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of intravenous administration of dexmedetomidine on spinal anesthesia with 0...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Georges Daccache, Edouard Caspersen, Michel Pegoix, Kelly Monthé-Sagan, Ludovic Berger, Dominique Fletcher, Jean-Luc Hanouz
BACKGROUND: The intraoperative modulation of opioids continues to be based on clinical signs. This may result in adverse events such as sympathetic reactivity or opioid induced hyperalgesia. Recently, the Analgesia/Nociception Index (ANI), a non-invasive 0-100 index derived from heart rate variability analysis, has been proposed for nociception assessment. However, the ability of the ANI to adequately guide intraoperative opioid administration has never been demonstrated. We designed a prospective study to evaluate the ability of the ANI to guide remifentanil administration in vascular surgery...
October 12, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Erhan Gökçek, Ayhan Kaydu, Mehmet Salim Akdemir, Ferit Akil, Ibrahim Ozkan Akıncı
PURPOSE: To compared the effects of sevoflurane and desflurane on early anesthesia recovery in patients undergoing to craniotomy for intracranial lesions. METHODS: After IRB approval, the study included 50 patients aged 18-70 years who had ASA physical statuses of I-II and were scheduled for intracranial surgery. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: sevoflurane and desflurane. Anaesthesia was routinely induced in all patients followed by desflurane 5%-6% or sevoflurane 1%-2%...
September 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
A Ammar, K Mahmoud, A Elkersh, Z Kasemy
There is a strong association between pre-operative diastolic dysfunction and difficulty in weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass. We compared the effects of propofol and isoflurane on left ventricular diastolic function in patients with pre-existing diastolic dysfunction undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. We randomly allocated 60 patients to receive either propofol or isoflurane anaesthesia, and assessed left ventricular diastolic function using transoesophageal echocardiography. We measured early (E), late (A) diastolic velocities, E/A ratio, A-wave duration and deceleration time using pulsed wave Doppler, and early (Em), late (Am) diastolic velocities of the mitral annulus, Em/Am ratio and isovolumetric relaxation time using tissue Doppler...
November 2016: Anaesthesia
E H Y Yu, D H D Tran, S W Lam, M G Irwin
The unique pharmacology of remifentanil makes it a popular intra-operative analgesic. Short-acting opioids like remifentanil have been associated with acute opioid tolerance and/or opioid-induced hyperalgesia, two phenomena which have different mechanisms and are pharmacologically distinct. Clinical studies show heterogeneity of remifentanil infusion regimens, durations of infusion, maintenance of anaesthesia, cumulative dose of remifentanil and pain measures, which makes it difficult to draw conclusions about the incidence of acute tolerance or hyperalgesia...
November 2016: Anaesthesia
Tomoki Nishiyama
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare cardiac sympathetic and parasympathetic balance using heart rate variability (HRV) during induction of anaesthesia between sevoflurane and isoflurane in combination with nitrous oxide. METHODS: 40 individuals aged from 30 to 60 years, scheduled for general anaesthesia were equally divided into sevoflurane or isoflurane groups. After 100% oxygen inhalation for a few minutes, anaesthesia was induced with nitrous oxide 3 L min⁻¹, oxygen 3 L min-1 and sevoflurane or isoflurane...
September 30, 2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Yoon-Jung Shon, Jin Huh, Sung-Sik Kang, Seung-Kil Bae, Ryeong-Ah Kang, Duk-Kyung Kim
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of saddle, lumbar epidural and caudal blocks on anal sphincter tone using anorectal manometry. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective anorectal surgery with regional anaesthesia were divided randomly into three groups and received a saddle (SD), lumbar epidural (LE), or caudal (CD) block. Anorectal manometry was performed before and 30 min after each regional block. The degree of motor blockade of the anal sphincter was compared using the maximal resting pressure (MRP) and the maximal squeezing pressure (MSP)...
September 29, 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
I Schulze, E M Poos, H Meyer, A K List, S B R Kaestner, J Rehage
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of preoperative carprofen on the cardiorespiratory, hormonal and metabolic stress response during umbilical surgery under isoflurane anaesthesia combined with local anaesthesia, in calves. A randomised, blinded experimental study was conducted in 24 calves. Carprofen (n = 12; 1.4 mg/kg) or physiological saline solution (controls; n = 12) was administered 1 h prior to surgery. Anaesthesia was induced with xylazine (0.1 mg/kg, IM) and, after the onset of sedation (i...
October 2016: Veterinary Journal
S Sivakumar, F S Taccone, K A Desai, C Lazaridis, M Skarzynski, M Sekhon, W Henderson, D Griesdale, L Chapple, A Deane, L Williams, R Strickland, K Lange, D Heyland, M Chapman, M J Rowland, P Garry, J Westbrook, R Corkill, C A Antoniades, K T Pattinson, G Fatania, A J Strong, R B Myers, C Lazaridis, C M Jermaine, C S Robertson, C G Rusin, J Hofmeijer, L Sondag, M C Tjepkema-Cloostermans, A Beishuizen, F H Bosch, M J A M van Putten, L Carteron, C Patet, D Solari, M Oddo, M A Ali, C Dias, R Almeida, A Vaz-Ferreira, J Silva, E Monteiro, A Cerejo, A P Rocha, A A Elsayed, A M Abougabal, B N Beshey, K M Alzahaby, S Pozzebon, A Blandino Ortiz, S Cristallini, O Lheureux, A Brasseur, J L Vincent, J Creteur, F S Taccone, M Hravnak, K Yousef, Y Chang, E Crago, R M Friedlander, S A Abdelmonem, S A Tahon, T A Helmy, H S Meligy, F Puig, I Dunn-Siegrist, J Pugin, S Gupta, D Govil, S Srinivasan, S J Patel, J K N, A Gupta, D S Tomar, M Shafi, R Harne, D P Arora, N Talwar, S Mazumdar, E E Papakrivou, D Makris, E Manoulakas, B Tsolaki, B Karadodas, E Zakynthinos, I Palacios Garcia, A Diaz Martin, V Sanchez Encinares, M Pachón Ibañez, J Garnacho Montero, G Labrador, T Cebrero Cangueiro, V Poulose, J Koh, J W Kam, H Yeter, A Kara, O Aktepe, A Topeli, I Tsolakoglou, G Intas, P Stergiannis, A A Kolaros, E Chalari, E Athanasiadou, A Martika, G Fildisis, V Faivre, C Mengelle, B Favier, D Payen, A Poppe, M S Winkler, E Mudersbach, J Schreiber, M L Wruck, E Schwedhelm, S Kluge, C Zöllner, T Tavladaki, A M Spanaki, H Dimitriou, E Kondili, C Choulaki, E Meleti, D Kafetzopoulos, D Georgopoulos, G Briassoulis, A García-de la Torre, M V de la Torre-Prados, T Tsvetanova-Spasova, P Nuevo-Ortega, C Rueda-Molina, A Fernández-Porcel, E Camara-Sola, L Salido-Díaz, A García-Alcántara, T Tavladaki, A M Spanaki, H Dimitriou, E Kondili, C Choulaki, D E Meleti, D Kafetzopoulos, D Georgopoulos, G Briassoulis, B Suberviola, J Riera, L Rellan, M Sanchez, J C Robles, E Lopez, R Vicente, E Miñambres, M Santibañez, M Le Guen, J Moore, N Mason, M Windpassinger, O Plattner, E Mascha, D I Sessler, Outcomes Research, U Melia, J Fontanet, J P van den Berg, M M R F Struys, H E M Vereecke, E W Jensen, P J T Rood, F van de Schoor, K van Tertholen, P Pickkers, M van den Boogaard, Z J Beardow, H Redhead, K Paramasivam, T Numan, M van den Boogaard, A M Kamper, P Rood, L M Peelen, P M Zeman, A J Slooter, C E van Ewijk, G E Jacobs, A R J Girbes, S N Myatra, M M Harish, N R Prabu, S Siddiqui, A P Kulkarni, J V Divatia, L D Murbach, M A Leite, E F Osaku, C R L M Costa, M Pelenz, N M Neitzke, M M Moraes, J L Jaskowiak, M M M Silva, R S Zaponi, L R L Abentroth, S M Ogasawara, A C Jorge, P A D Duarte, N Hernández-Sánchez, L A Sánchez-Hurtado, F J García-Guillen, S A Ñamendys-Silva, B Maghsoudi, M Emami, M B Khosravi, F Zand, H R Tabatabaie, M Masjedi, G Sabetiyan, A Mokri, J Troubleyn, M Diltoer, R Jacobs, D N Nguyen, E De Waele, J De Regt, P M Honoré, V Van Gorp, H D Spapen, R S Contreras, N D Toapanta, G Moreno, J Sabater, H Torrado, M Gonzalez, M Marin, E Farigola, A Gonzalez, J Fernandez, A Vera, X Gisbert, C Juliá, J Uya, L Corral, I Elias-Jones, L Gemmell, A MacKay, D Randall, A Adwaney, M Blunden, J R Prowle, C J Kirwan, N Thomas, A Martin, H Owen, L Darwin, D Conway, D Atkinson, M Sharman, J Moore, C Barbanti, J Amour, P Gaudard, B Rozec, P Mauriat, M M'rini, P L Leger, G Cambonie, J M Liet, C Girard, S Laroche, P Damas, Z Assaf, G Loron, L Lecourt, P Pouard, D Randall, A Adwaney, M Blunden, J R Prowle, C J Kirwan, S H Kim, S Na, J Kim, S Y Oh, C W Jung, S H Yoo, S H Min, E J Chung, H Lee, N J Lee, K W Lee, K S Suh, H G Ryu, D C Marshall, R J Goodson, J D Salciccioli, J Shalhoub, E K Potter, J Kirk-Bayley, N D Karanjia, L G Forni, B C Creagh-Brown, M Bossy, M Nyman, A Tailor, B Creagh-Brown, D D'Antini, S Spadaro, F Valentino, F Sollitto, G Cinnella, L Mirabella, F J Redondo Calvo, N Bejarano, D Padilla, V Baladron, P Villajero, R Villazala, J Redondo, A S Yuste, J Liu, F Shen, J L Teboul, N Anguel, A Beurton, N Bezaz, C Richard, X Monnet, T Fossali, R Colombo, D Ottolina, M Rossetti, C Mazzucco, A Marchi, A Porta, E Catena, K H Tollisen, G Ø Andersen, F Heyerdahl, D Jacobsen, M C de Waard, A R J Girbes, M C O van IJzendoorn, H Buter, W P Kingma, G J Navis, E C Boerma, J Rulisek, M Balik, S Zacharov, H S Kim, S J Jeon, H Namgung, E Lee, E Lee, Y J Cho, Y J Lee, A Huang, L Cioccari, N Luethi, J Mårtensson, R Bellomo, M Forsberg, G Edman, J Höjer, S Forsberg, M T Chiquito Freile, F N Hidalgo, J A Martinez Molina, R Lecumberri, A Figuerola Rosselló, P Medrano Travieso, G Tuero Leon, J Gonzalez Sanchez, L Sahuquillo Frias, D Balsells Rosello, J A Garcia Verdejo, J A Noria Serrano, D Winterwerp, T van Galen, A Vazin, I Karimzade, A Zand, E Ozen, S Ekemen, A Akcan, E Sen, B Buyukkidan Yelken, N Kureshi, L Fenerty, G Thibault-Halman, M Erdogan, S Walling, R S Green, D B Clarke, P Briassoulis, K Kalimeris, A Ntzouvani, T Nomikos, K Papaparaskeva, E Politi, G Kostopanagiotou, K Crewdson, M Rehn, A Weaver, K Brohi, D Lockey, S Wright, K Thomas, C Baker, L Mansfield, V Stafford, C Wade, G Watson, A Bryant, T Chadwick, J Shen, J Wilkinson, J Furneval, A Henderson, K Hugill, P Howard, A Roy, S Bonner, S Baudouin, C Sánchez Ramírez, S Hípola Escalada, M A Hernández Viera, M Cabrera Santana, L Caipe Balcázar, N Sangil Monroy, F Artiles Campelo, C F Lübbe Vázquez, P Saavedra Santana, S Ruiz Santana, L Carteron, C Patet, H Quintard, D Solari, P Bouzat, M Oddo, T Wollersheim, J Malleike, K Haas, N Carbon, J Schneider, C Birchmeier, J Fielitz, S Spuler, S Weber-Carstens, L Enseñat, A Pérez-Madrigal, P Saludes, L Proença, G Gruartmoner, C Espinal, J Mesquida, W Huber, M Eckmann, F Elkmann, A Gruber, T Lahmer, U Mayr, A Herner, R Schellnegger, J Schneider, R M Schmid, W Ayoub, W Samy, A Esmat, A Battah, S Mukhtar, W Mongkolpun, D Orbegozo Cortés, C P R Cordeiro, J L Vincent, J Creteur, S Funcke, H Groesdonk, B Saugel, G Wagenpfeil, S Wagenpfeil, D A Reuter, M M Fernandez, R Fernandez, M Magret, A González-Castro, M T Bouza, M Ibañez, C García, B Balerdi, A Mas, V Arauzo, J M Añón, F Ruiz, J Ferreres, R Tomás, M Alabert, A I Tizón, S Altaba, N Llamas, E C Goligher, E Fan, M Herridge, S Vorona, M Sklar, M Dres, N Rittayamai, A Lanys, C Urrea, G Tomlinson, W D Reid, G D Rubenfeld, B P Kavanagh, L J Brochard, N D Ferguson, A Serpa Neto, M Gama de Abreu, P Pelosi, M J Schultz, C Guérin, L Papazian, J Reignier, L Ayzac, A Loundou, J M Forel, C Rolland-Debord, C Bureau, T Poitou, M Clavel, S Perbet, N Terzi, A Kouatchet, T Similowski, A Demoule, N Hunfeld, Z Trogrlic, S Ladage, R J Osse, B Koch, W Rietdijk, J Devlin, M van der Jagt, E Picetti, P Ceccarelli, F Mensi, L Malchiodi, S Risolo, I Rossi, M V Antonini, F Servadei, M L Caspani, A Roquilly, S Lasocki, P Seguin, T Geeraerts, P F Perrigault, C Dahyot-Fizelier, C Paugam-Burtz, F Cook, R Cinotti, D Demeure Dit Latte, P J Mahe, C Fortuit, F Feuillet, K Asehnoune, C Marzorati, S Spina, V Scaravilli, A Vargiolu, M Riva, C Giussani, E Sganzerla, G Citerio, S Barbadillo, F J González de Molina, F Álvarez-Lerma, A Rodríguez, T Zakharkina, I Martin-Loeches, S Matamoros, P Povoa, A Torres, J Kastelijn, J J Hofstra, M de Jong, M Schultz, P Sterk, A Artigas, L J Bos, A S Moreau, I Martin-Loeches, P Povoa, J Salluh, A Rodriguez, S Nseir, E de Jong, J A van Oers, A Beishuizen, A R J Girbes, M W N Nijsten, D W de Lange, D Bonvicini, D Labate, L Benacchio, A Olivieri, E Pizzirani, J C Lopez-Delgado, M Gonzalez-Romero, V Fuentes-Mila, D Berbel-Franco, I Romera-Peregrina, A Martinez-Pascual, J Perez-Sanchez, R Abellan-Lencina, R E Ávila-Espinoza, G Moreno-Gonzalez, F Sbraga, S Griffiths, M P W Grocott, B Creagh-Brown, J Doyle, P Wilkerson, Y Soon, S Huddart, M Dickinson, A Riga, A Zuleika, K Miyamoto, Y Kawazoe, T Morimoto, T Yamamoto, A Fuke, A Hashimoto, H Koami, S Beppu, Y Katayama, M Ito, Y Ohta, H Yamamura, S L Rygård, L B Holst, J Wetterslev, P I Johansson, A Perner, I W Soliman, D W de Lange, D van Dijk, J J M van Delden, O L Cremer, A J C Slooter, L M Peelen, D McWilliams, C Snelson, A Das Neves, C I Loudet, M Busico, D Vazquez, D Villalba, M Veronesi, A Lischinsky, F J L López, L Benito Mori, G Plotnikow, A Díaz, S Giannasi, R Hernandez, L Krzisnik, C Cecotti, L Viola, R Lopez, J P Sottile, G Benavent, E Estenssoro, C M Chen, C C Lai, K C Cheng, W Chou, K S Chan, L E Roeker, C M Horkan, F K Gibbons, K B Christopher, P J M Weijs, K M Mogensen, J D Rawn, M K Robinson, K B Christopher, Z Tang, C Qiu, B Ouyang, C Cai, X Guan, T Regueira, L Cea, S Juan Carlos, B Elisa, C Puebla, A Vargas, M K Poulsen, L P Thomsen, S Kjærgaard, S E Rees, D S Karbing, T Wollersheim, S Frank, M C Müller, N M Carbon, V Skrypnikov, P A Pickerodt, R Falk, A Mahlau, S Weber-Carstens, A Lee, R Inglis, R Morgan, G Barker, K Kamata, T Abe, D Saitoh, Y Tokuda, R S Green, M B Butler, M Erdogan, H Tae Hwa, L Jae Gil, R Hernández Vaquero, E Rodriguez-Ruiz, A Lopez Lago, J L Garcia Allut, A Estany Gestal, M A Garcia Gonzalez, D O Thomas-Rüddel, D Schwarzkopf, C Fleischmann, K Reinhart, S Suwanpasu, Y Sattayasomboon, N M Filgueiras Filho, J C A Oliveira, C S Ballalai, C V De Lucia, G P Araponga, L N Veiga, C S Silva, M E Garrido, B B Ramos, E F Ricaldi, S S Gomes, L Gemmell, A MacKay, C Wright, R I Docking, P Doherty, E Black, P Stenhouse, M P Plummer, M E Finnis, L K Phillips, P Kar, S Bihari, V Biradar, S Moodie, M Horowitz, J E Shaw, A M Deane, T Yatabe, S Inoue, M Sakaguchi, M Egi, Y Ali Abdelhamid, M P Plummer, M E Finnis, L K Phillips, P Kar, S Bihari, V Biradar, S Moodie, M Horowitz, J E Shaw, A M Deane, M Hokka, M Egi, S Mizobuchi, P Kar, M Plummer, Y Ali Abdelhamid, E Giersch, M Summers, S Hatzinikolas, S Heller, M Chapman, K Jones, M Horowitz, A Deane, R Schweizer, M Jacquet-Lagreze, P Portran, S Junot, B Allaouchiche, J L Fellahi, P Guerci, B Ergin, A Kapucu, C Ince, L Cioccari, N Luethi, M Crisman, R Bellomo, J Mårtensson, C Righy Shinotsuka, D Fagnoul, A Brasseur, D Orbegozo, J L Vincent, J C Preiser, J C Preiser, O Lheureux, A Thooft, S Brimioulle, J L Vincent, H Iwasaka, S Tahara, M Nagamine, A Ichigatani, A Rugerio Cabrera, E Monares Zepeda, J Franco Granillo, J S Aguirre Sánchez, A A Tanaka Montoya, A Pedraza Montenegro, G A Gálvez Blanco, C M Coronado Robles, A Drolz, T Horvatits, K Roedl, K Rutter, S Kluge, G C Funk, B Schneeweiss, V Fuhrmann, G Sabetian, F Pooresmaeel, F Zand, S Ghaffaripour, A Farbod, H Tabei, L Taheri, R Anandanadesan, V Metaxa, C Teixeira, S M Pereira, P Hernández-Marrero, A S Carvalho, M Beckmann, C S Hartog, D Schwarzkopf, A Raadts, A Robertsen, R Førde, N O Skaga, E Helseth, S Honeybul, K Ho, P Martinez Lopez, M Nieto Gonzalez, P Nuevo Ortega, E Camara Sola, T Spasova, M V de la Torre-Prados, O Kopecky, K Rusinova, P Waldauf, Z Cepeplikova, M Balik, J Palamidessi Domínguez, P Matia Almudevar, S Alcántara Carmona, J J Rubio Muñoz, D Palacios Castañeda, A Naharro Abellán, P Rodríguez Villamizar, J Veganzones Ramos, L Pérez Pérez, A Pérez Lucendo, M Camós Ejarque, A Estella, V Lopez Camps, M C Martín, N Masnou, S Barbosa, A Varela, I Palma, L Cristina, E Nunes, I Pereira, G Campello, C Granja, R Pande, M Pandey, S Varghese, M Chanu, M J Van Dam, E W M T Ter Braak, A Estella, M Gracia, R Viciana, M Recuerda, L Perez Fontaiña, B Tharmalingam, F Kovari, L Rose, M Mcginlay, R Amin, K Burns, B Connolly, N Hart, P Jouvet, S Katz, D Leasa, C Mawdsley, D Mcauley, M Schultz, B Blackwood, S Denham, R Worrall, M Arshad, P Isherwood, A Khadjibaev, D Sabirov, A Rosstalnaya, F Parpibaev, V Sharipova, G A Galvez Blanco, C I Olvera Guzman, J S Aguirre Sánchez, J Franco Granillo, S Gupta, D Govil, S Srinivasan, S J Patel, J K N, A Gupta, M Shafi, D S Tomar, R Harne, D P Arora, N Talwar, S Mazumdar, Y S Cha, S J Lee, N Tyagi, R K Rajput, S Taneja, V K Singh, S C Sharma, S Mittal, B K Rao, J Ayachi, N Fraj, S Romdhani, A Khedher, K Meddeb, N Sma, A Azouzi, R Bouneb, I Chouchene, M El Ghardallou, M Boussarsar, R Jennings, E Walter, J M Ribeiro, I Moniz, R Marçal, A C Santos, C Candeias, Z Costa E Silva, S E Zamora Gomez, O R Perez Nieto, J A Castanon Gonzalez, A I Vasquez Cuellar, H Mildh, V Pettilä, A M Korhonen, S Karlsson, T Ala-Kokko, M Reinikainen, S T Vaara, M Zaleska-Kociecka, M Grabowski, M Dąbrowski, S Wozniak, K Piotrowska, M Banaszewski, J Imiela, J Stepinska, A González Pérez, P Florez Ordoñez, A Giribet, M A Alonso Cuervo, R Alonso Cuervo, M A Rodriguez Esteban, L Iglesias Fraile, C Ponte Mittelbrum, G Muñiz Albaiceta, J Koeze, F Keus, W Dieperink, I C C van der Horst, M van Meurs, J G Zijlstra, S Roberts, C Hernandez Caballero, G Isgro, D Hall, S Beitland, A-M S Trøseid, B S Brusletto, B E Waldum-Grevbo, J P Berg, K Sunde, D García Huertas, F Manzano, M M Jiménez- Quintana, A Osuna, F Santiago-Ruiz, C Rodríguez-Mejías, R Wangensteen, H R Jamaati, M Masjedi, F Zand, S M R Hashemian, G Sabetian, G Abbasi, V Khaloo, S H A Tabei, A Kafilzadeh, H Haddad Bakhodaei, J A Diaz, R Silva, D J Garcia, E Luis, M N Gomez, R Soriano, P L Gonzalez, I A Ibrahim, M M Rafik, A M Al-Ansary, M A Algendi, A A Ali, V Fuhrmann, K Roedl, T Horvatits, A Drolz, K Rutter, D Benten, J Kluwe, S Siedler, S Kluge, I Adedugbe, G T Bird, R M Kennedy, S Sharma, M B Butler, G Yugi, B A Haroon, T Witter, W Khaliq, M Singer, A A Havaldar, B Krishna, S Sriram, E D Valenzuela Espinoza, M O Pozo, V S Kanoore Edul, M Furche, M F Motta, A Risso Vazquez, P N Rubatto Birri, C Ince, A Dubin, A Dogliotti, A Ramos, C Lovesio, E Delile, R Nevière, P-A Thiébaut, J Maupoint, P Mulder, D Coquerel, S Renet, J C do Rego, J Rieusset, V Richard, F Tamion, W Khaliq, D T Andreis, M Singer, B Smit, Y M Smulders, M C de Waard, H M Oudemans van Straaten, A R J Girbes, E C Eringa, A M E Spoelstra-de Man, L Alegría, D Soto, C Luengo, J Gomez, N Jarufe, A Bruhn, R Castro, E Kattan, P Tapia, R Rebolledo, P Achurra, G Ospina-Tascón, J Bakker, G Hernández, P Bertini, F Guarracino, R Baldassarri, M R Pinsky, L Alegría, M Vera, J Dreyse, D Carpio, C Henriquez, D Gajardo, S Bravo, R Castro, G Ospina-Tascón, J Bakker, G Hernández, S Kim, M Lee, S Y Park, S So, H Lee, M B Kačar, S M Kačar, I Uddin, A M Belhaj, M A Aydın, D Avsec, A Kapuağası, Ç Kaymak, L Kovach, I Şencan, B Meço, M Özçelik, N Ünal, C Lazaridis, B Jenni-Moser, M-M Jeitziner, M S Galassi, F L Sales, K C L de Moraes, C L Batista, J A de Souza Júnior, T B Marcari, R Lobato, C S A A Castro, L M de Souza, F F P Rodrigues, N G Correa, A M Pelegrini, R A C Eid, K T Timenetsky, D Cazati, M Lobato, P S Diniz, L L Rocha, A M Cavalheiro, N M Lucinio, E R Santos, M Norrenberg, A Gleize, J C Preiser, I Fernández Simón, S Alcántara Carmona, I Lipperheide Valhonrat, J Palamidessi Domínguez, A Naharro Abellán, P Matía Almudévar, F Dávila, J J Rubio, A J Ramos, Á J Roldán Reina, N Palomo López, M Adriaensens Pérez, D X Cuenca Apolo, L Martín Villén, F M Porras López, I Palacios García, J R Naranjo Izurieta, J J Egea Guerrero, S Calvert, M Quint, K Adeniji, R Young, D D Shevill, E Robertson, P Garside, E Walter, P Isotti, M M De Vecchi, A E Perduca, A Negro, G Villa, D F Manara, L Cabrini, A Zangrillo, J F Frencken, L van Baal, L M Peelen, D W Donker, J Horn, T van der Poll, W A van Klei, M J M Bonten, O L Cremer, C E Menard, A Kumar, E Rimmer, S Doucette, A F Turgeon, B L Houston, D S Houston, R Zarychanski, B Bollen Pinto, M Carrara, M Ferrario, K Bendjelid, J Nunes, P Diaz, G Silva, S Escórcio, S Chaves, M Jardim, N Fernandes, M Câmara, R Duarte, C A Pereira, J Vieira, J J Nóbrega, C M Coronado Robles, M A Montes de Oca-Sandoval, A Sánchez-Rodríguez, J G Joya-Galeana, A Correa-Morales, G Camarena-Alejo, J Aguirre-Sánchez, J Franco-Granillo, M Soliman, A Al Azab, R El Hossainy, H Nagy, M Nirmalan, I A Crippa, F Zama Cavicchi, J L Vincent, J Creteur, F S Taccone, A Chaari, K Abdel Hakim, H Hassanein, M Etman, M El Bahr, K Bousselmi, E S Khalil, V Kauts, W F Casey, H Imahase, Y Sakamoto, S Inoue, K C Yamada, H Koami, T Miike, F Nagashima, T Iwamura, A Boscolo, V Lucchetta, E Piasentini, D Bertini, L Manesso, L Spiezia, P Simioni, C Ori, R B Souza, A M Martins, A M A Liberatore, Y R Kang, M N Nakamae, J C F Vieira, I H J Koh, K Hanslin, F Wilske, P Skorup, J Sjölin, M Lipcsey, W Jin Long, C Er Zhen, A Vakalos, V Avramidis, S H Wu, L J Shyu, C H Li, C H Yu, H C Chen, C H Wang, K H Lin, Z E Aray, C F Gómez, A P Tejero, D D Monge, V M Losada, C M Tarancón, S D Cortés, A M Gutiérrez, T P Álvarez, A Rouze, K Jaffal, S Six, K Stolz, V Cattoen, S Nseir, J M Arnal, M Saoli, D Novotni, A Garnero, T Becher, V Buchholz, D Schädler, I Frerichs, N Weiler, N Eronia, T Mauri, S Gatti, E Maffezzini, A Bronco, L Alban, T Sasso, C Marenghi, G Grasselli, A Pesenti, G Bellani, A Al-Fares, L Del Sorbo, S Anwar, F Facchin, S Azad, R Zamel, N Ferguson, M Cypel, S Keshavjee, E Fan, E Durlinger, A Spoelstra-de Man, B Smit, H J de Grooth, A Girbes, H Oudemans-van Straaten, Y Smulders, M A Alfaro, F Parrilla, A Meli, M Pellegrini, N Rodriguez, J M Goyeneche, I Morán, H Aguirre, J Mancebo, S J H Heines, U Strauch, D C J J Bergmans, P Blankman, A Shono, D Hasan, D Gommers, W Y Chung, K S Lee, Y J Jung, J H Park, S S Sheen, K J Park, R Worral, S Denham, P Isherwood, S E Rees, S Larraza, N Dey, S Spadaro, J B Brohus, R W Winding, C A Volta, D S Karbing, F Ampatzidou, A Vlachou, G Kehagioglou, T Karaiskos, A Madesis, C Mauromanolis, N Michail, G Drossos, N Saraj, S Rijkenberg, H M Feijen, H Endeman, A A J Donnelly, E Morgan, H Garrard, H Buckley, L Russell, N Haase, A Perner, C Goh, K Mouyis, C L N Woodward, J Halliday, G B Encina, J Ros, L Lagunes, J Tabernero, F Bosch, J Rello, D García Huertas, F Manzano, E Morente-Constantin, B Rivera-Ginés, M Colmenero-Ruiz, A Naharro Abellán, L Pérez Pérez, A Pérez Lucendo, P Matía Almudévar, J Palamidessi Domínguez, P Rodríguez Villamizar, J García Sanz, I Fernandez Simon, B Lobo Valbuena, S Alcantara Carmona, M Pais, S Ramalingam, C Díaz, L Fox, M Santafe, P Barba, M García, S Leal, M Pérez, M L Pérez Pérez, A Naharro Abellán, A Pérez Lucendo, P Matia Almudevar, J Palamidessi Domínguez, P Rodríguez Villamizar, J Veganzones, I Fernandez Simón, B Lobo Valbuena, N Martínez, S Alcántara Carmona, I Moors, D Mokart, F Pène, J Lambert, A Kouatchet, J Mayaux, F Vincent, M Nyunga, F Bruneel, L Laisne, A Rabbat, C Lebert, P Perez, M Chaize, A Renault, A P Meert, R Hamidfar, M Jourdain, M Darmon, B Schlemmer, S Chevret, V Lemiale, E Azoulay, D Benoit, D Martins-Branco, M Sousa, S Marum, M J Bouw, G Galstyan, P Makarova, E Parovichnikova, L Kuzmina, V Troitskaya, N Drize, E Gemdzhian, V Savchenko, H C Chao, E Kılıc, B Demiriz, M L Uygur, M Sürücü, K Cınar, A E Yıldırım, K Kiss, B Köves, V Csernus, Z Molnár, A Ntantana, D Matamis, S Savvidou, M Giannakou, M Gouva, G Nakos, V Koulouras, S Gaffney, E Black, R Docking, C Judge, T Drew, H Misran, R Munshi, L McGovern, M Coyle, L Dunne, E Deasy, P Lavin, A Fahy, D M Darcy, M Donnelly, N H Ismail, T Hall, K Wykes, J Jack, W C Ngu, P Morgan, J Ruiz-Ramos, P Ramirez, M Gordon, E Villarreal, J Frasquet, J L Poveda-Andrés, A Castellanos, C E Ijssennagger, S Ten Hoorn, A van Wijk, J M van den Broek, P R Tuinman, A M Elmenshawy, B D Hammond, G Gibbon, T Belcham, K Burton, L U Taniguchi, F J S Ramos, A K Momma, A P R Martins-Filho, J J Bartocci, M F D Lopes, M H Sad, C M Rodrigues, E M C Pires, J M Vieira, M A Leite, L D Murbach, E F Osaku, J Barreto, S T Duarte, S Taba, D Miglioranza, D P Gund, C F Lordani, C R L M Costa, S M Ogasawara, A C Jorge, P A D Duarte, S Spadaro, M Capuzzo, F Dalla Corte, S Terranova, G Scaramuzzo, A Fogagnolo, S Bertacchini, A Bellonzi, R Ragazzi, C A Volta, C Cruz, A Nunes, F Seabra Pereira, I Aragão, A F Cardoso, C Santos, M J Malheiro, H Castro, T Cardoso, J Paratz, J Kenardy, T Comans, F Coyer, P Thomas, R Boots, N Pereira, A Vilas-Boas, E Gomes, C Dias, J Torres, D Carvalho, E Molinos, C Vales, R Araújo, C Cruz, A Nunes, F Seabra Pereira, A F Cardoso, C Santos, M J Malheiro, H Castro, T Cardoso, L Karnatovskaia, K Philbrick, G Ognjen, M Clark, R Molina Montero, J Luján Varas, L Alcázar Sánchez-Elvira, C Pintado Delgado, P Villa Díaz, B Llorente Ruiz, A Pardo Guerrero, J A Cambronero Galache, R Jiménez, S Rebollo, O Alejandro, A Fernández, S Moreno, L Herrera, A Ojados, M Galindo, J Murcia, M Contreras, S Sánchez-Argente, Y Bonilla, M D Rodríguez, J M Allegue, Ö Cakin, H Parlak, H Kirca, F Mutlu, B Aydınlı, M Cengiz, A Ramazanoglu, E-J Jung, S-Y Oh, H Lee, N M Filgueiras Filho, E F Ricaldi, S S Gomes, B B Ramos, C V De Lucia, C S Ballalai, J C A Oliveira, G P Araponga, L N Veiga, C S Silva, M E Garrido, J Cebrián Domenech, A Pinos Montalvo, T Ciges Chornet, P Concha Martinez, M Piñol Ribas, R Gimeno Costa, A Castellanos Ortega, C Forbes, H Prescott, A Lal, F A Khan, E G Dela Pena, J S Dizon, P P P Perez, C M J Wong, M Muñoz Garach, O Moreno Romero, R Ramirez Puerta, F Acosta Diaz, A M Perez Bailon, A Carranza Pinel, L Peñas Maldonado, M S Kalaiselvan, R L Siva Kumar, M K Renuka, A S Arun Kumar, S De Rosa, F Ferrari, S Carboni Checcacci, A Rigobello, M Joannidis, F Politi, A Pellizzari, R Bonato, A Fernandez-Carmona, I Macias-Guarasa, R Gutierrez-Rodriguez, P Martinez-Lopez, M A Diaz-Castellanos, A Fernandez-Carmona, M Arias-Diaz, E Aguilar-Alonso, I Macias-Guarasa, P Martinez-Lopez, M A Diaz-Castellanos, R N Nikandish, V Artemenko, A Budnyuk, G Li Bassi, T Senussi, F Idone, E Aguilera Xiol, C Travierso, C Chiurazzi, A Motos, R Amaro, Y Hua, L Fernández-Barat, O T Ranzani, Q Bobi, M Rigol, A Torres, A Youn, J Gyung Hwang, M Muñoz Garach, O Moreno Romero, M E Yuste Ossorio, F Acosta Diaz, A M Perez Bailon, A Carranza Pinel, L Peñas Maldonado, C Teixeira, H Figueira, R Oliveira, A Mota, I Aragão, O Kamp, O Cruciger, M Aach, C Kaczmarek, C Waydhas, T A Schildhauer, U Hamsen, M Camprubí-Rimblas, L Chimenti, R Guillamat-Prats, T Lebouvier, J Bringué, J Tijero, M N Gómez, L Blanch, A Artigas, G Tagliabue, M Ji, J V Suneby Jagers, P A Easton, R B Souza, A M A Liberatore, A M C R P F Martins, J C F Vieira, Y R Kang, M N Nakamae, I H J Koh, J Y Hong, M H Shin, M S Park, A Pomprapa, P A Pickerodt, M B T Hofferberth, M Russ, W Braun, M Walter, R Francis, B Lachmann, S Leonhardt, I H J Koh, R B Souza, A M C R P F Martins, J C F Vieira, A M A Liberatore, A Landaverde-López, N A Canedo-Castillo, A Esquivel-Chávez, P C Arvizu-Tachiquín, L A Sánchez-Hurtado, J A Baltazar-Torres, V Cardoso, A Krystopchuk, S Castro, L Melão, S Firmino, A Marreiros, C Granja, S Almaziad, A Kubbara, W Barnett, R Nakity, W Alamoudi, R Altook, T Tarazi, M Fida, F Safi, R Assaly, A Santini, M Milesi, T Maraffi, P Pugni, D T Andreis, M Cavenago, L Gattinoni, A Protti, G Perchiazzi, J B Borges, S Bayat, L Porra, L Broche, M Pellegrini, G Scaramuzzo, G Hedenstierna, A Larsson, M Pellegrini, G Hedenstierna, A Roneus, M Segelsjö, M C Vestito, A Larsson, G Perchiazzi, E Gremo, A Nyberg, M Castegren, A Pikwer, T Yoshida, D Engelberts, G Otulakowski, B Katira, M Post, N D Ferguson, L Brochard, M B P Amato, B P Kavanagh, N Koch, W Huber, J Hoellthaler, S Mair, V Phillip, R M Schmid, A Beitz, V Baladrón, F J Redondo Calvo, D Padilla, P Villarejo, R Villazala, A S Yuste, N Bejarano, R J Steenstra, H Banierink, J Hof, I C van der Horst, M W Nijsten, M Hoekstra, K Roedl, F Sterz, T Horvatits, K Horvatits, A Drolz, H Herkner, V Fuhrmann, M Kott, K Zitta, B Brandt, C Schildhauer, G Elke, L Hummitzsch, I Frerichs, N Weiler, M Albrecht, L Rey González, D Cabestrero Alonso, A Blandino Ortiz, R de Pablo Sánchez, J Higuera Lucas, K Roedl, F Sterz, A Drolz, K Horvatits, T Horvatits, H Herkner, V Fuhrmann, T Horvatits, A Drolz, K Roedl, K Rutter, A Ferlitsch, G Fauler, M Trauner, V Fuhrmann, T Horvatits, S Pischke, L Fischer, F Thaiss, M Koch, K Bangert, V Fuhrmann, S Kluge, A W Lohse, B Nashan, M Sterneck, S Faenza, A Siniscalchi, E Pierucci, E Mancini, D Ricci, C Gemelli, A Cuoghi, S Magnani, M Atti, F Sotos, J Cánovas, A López, A Burruezo, D Torres, M E Herrera-Gutierrez, J Barrueco-Francioni, D Arias-Verdú, R Lozano-Saez, G Quesada-Garcia, G Seller-Pérez, A Figueiredo, Y Anzola, R Pereira, L Bento, D Arias-Verdú, M Lai, M Deiana, J Barrueco-Francioni, M E Herrera-Gutierrez, G Seller-Perez, K Vardas, S Ilia, A Sertedaki, E Charmadari, C A Stratakis, E Briassouli, D Goukos, K Psarra, E Botoula, S Tsagarakis, E Mageira, C Routsi, S Nanas, G Briassoulis, A Boscolo, D Bertini, E Campello, V Lucchetta, E Piasentini, C M Radu, L Manesso, P Simioni, C Ori, H Su, Y M Lam, K Willis, V Pullar, R P Hubner, J L Tsang, L García de Guadiana-Romualdo, S Rebollo-Acebes, P Esteban-Torrella, R Jiménez-Sánchez, E Jiménez-Santos, A Ortín-Freire, A Hernando-Holgado, M D Albaladejo-Otón, L Coelho, L Rabello, J Salluh, I Martin-Loeches, A Rodriguez, S Nseir, P Póvoa, E Varis, V Pettilä, M Poukkanen, S Jacob, S Karlsson, A Perner, J Takala, E Wilkman, O H M Lundberg, L Bergenzaun, J Rydén, M Rosenqvist, O Melander, M S Chew, E Rodriguez-Ruiz, R Hernández Vaquero, A Lopez Lago, J L Garcia Allut, A Estany Gestal, M A Garcia Gonzalez, Y Kishihara, H Yasuda, S Rebollo, L García de Guadiana-Romualdo, R Jimenez, P Esteban Torrella, A Fernandez, S Sanchez, A Ortin, G Li Bassi, R Guillamat Prats, A Artigas, E Aguilera, D Marti, O T Ranzani, M Rigol, L Fernandez, M Ferrer, I Martin-Loeches, A Torres, V S Lanziotti, P Póvoa, L Pulcheri, M O Ribeiro, A P Barbosa, J R Lapa E Silva, M Soares, J I F Salluh, I Palacios Garcia, A Diaz Martin, M Gil Marqués, A Puppo Moreno, A Gutierrez Pizarraya, J Pachón Diaz, M Pachón Ibañez, Y Smani, M Mc Connell, L A Zhang, R S Parker, I Banerjee, G Clermont, E Norberg, J Oras, A Cuisinier, C Maufrais, J F Payen, S Nottin, G Walther, P Bouzat, S Arib, F Bilotta, R Badenes, F Rubulotta, S Mirek, I A Crippa, B Monfort, E Stazi, A Lozano Roig, J Creteur, F S Taccone, S Magnoni, M Marando, S Pifferi, V Conte, F Ortolano, M Carbonara, G Bertani, E Scola, M Cadioli, F Triulzi, A Colombo, N Stocchetti, H B Rotzel, A Serrano Lázaro, D Aguillón Prada, M Rodriguez Guimillo, C Sanchís Piqueras, J Romero Guia, M García Simon, A Mesejo Arizmendi, A Carratalá, S El Maraghi, A Yehia, M Bakry, A Shoman, F N Backes, M M Bianchin, S R R Vieira, A de Souza, A N Backes, C Klein, M S Kalaiselvan, M K Renuka, A S Arunkumar, A Lozano, O Lheureux, R Badenes, J L Vincent, J Creteur, F S Taccone, C Gallaher, S Cattlin, S Gordon, J Picard, V Fontana, O Bond, L Nobile, J L Vincent, J Creteur, F S Taccone, S Mrozek, L Delamarre, F Capilla, T Al-Saati, O Fourcade, T Geeraerts, A M Dominguez-Berrot, M Gonzalez-Vaquero, M E Vallejo-Pascual, D Gupta, B D Ivory, M Chopra, J McCarthy, C L Felderhof, C MacNeil, F Rubulotta, P Waldauf, M Maggiorini, F Duska, R R L Fumis, J M Vieira Junior, G Amarante, A Skorko, S Sanders, J Aron, R J Kroll, C Redfearn, P Krishnan, J E Khalil, F Kovari, N Kongpolprom, V Gulia, E Lourenço, L Melão, C Duro, G Baptista, A Alves, B Arminda, M Rodrigues, A Marreiros, C Granja, J Hayward, F Baldwin, R Gray, P A Katinakis, M Stijf, M Ten Kleij, M Jansen-Frederiks, R Broek, M de Bruijne, P E Spronk, K Sinha, M Luney, K Palmer, L Keating, M Abu-Habsa, R Bahl, N Baskaralingam, A Ahmad, L Kanapeckaite, P Bhatti, S Glace, S Jeyabraba, H F Lewis, A Kostopoulos, M Raja, A West, A Ely, L M Turkoglu, P Zolfaghari, J P Baptista, M P Marques, P Martins, J Pimentel, D Gupta, Y C Su, S Villacres, M E Stone, A Parsikia, S Medar, K P O'Dea, J Porter, N Tirlapur, J M Jonathan, S Singh, M Takata, M Abu-Habsa, A Ahmad, E McWhirter, R Lyon, M L Hariz, E Azmi, J Alkhan, S Honeybul, V Movsisyan, S Petrikov, Z Marutyan, I Aliev, A Evdokimov, E Antonucci, T Merz, C Hartmann, P Pelosi, E Calzia, P Radermacher, B Nußbaum, C Hartmann, M Huber-Lang, M Gröger, P Radermacher, B Nußbaum, B Nußbaum, E Antonucci, E Calzia, P Pelosi, P Radermacher, C Hartmann, E Svoren-Jabalera, E E Davenport, P Humburg, J Knight, C J Hinds, I J Jun, W J Kim, E H Lee, G Besch, A Perrotti, M Puyraveau, L Carteron, M Baltres, E Samain, S Chocron, S Pili-Floury, E P Plata-Menchaca, J Sabater-Riera, M Estruch, E Boza, F Sbraga, J Toscana-Fernández, E Bruguera-Pellicer, J Ordoñez-Llanos, X L Pérez-Fernández, P Cavaleiro, A Tralhão, M Arrigo, J-P Lopes, M Lebrun, B Cholley, J L PerezVela, H MarinMateos, J J Jimenez Rivera, M A Alcala Llorente, B Gonzalez De Marcos, F J Gonzalez Fernandez, C Garcia Laborda, D Fernandez Zamora, J C Lopez Delgado, C Imperiali, D Berbel-Franco, M Dastis, G Moreno-Gonzalez, J Perez-Sanchez, I Romera-Peregrina, R Abellan-Lencina, A Martinez-Pascual, V Fuentes-Mila, M Gonzalez-Romero, J Górka, K Górka, T Iwaniec, M Frołow, K Polok, J Fronczek, M Kózka, J Musiał, W Szczeklik, A González Pérez, P Florez Ordoñez, A Giribet, M A Alonso Cuervo, R Alonso Cuervo, M A Rodriguez Esteban, L Iglesias Fraile, C Ponte Mittelbrum, G Muñiz Albaiceta, F Ampatzidou, M Sileli, G Kehagioglou, A Madesis, T Karaiskos, C Moursia, H Maleoglou, K Leleki, G Drossos, Z Uz, Y Ince, R Papatella, E Bulent, P Guerci, C Ince, B De Mol, V Vicka, D Gineityte, D Ringaitiene, I Norkiene, J Sipylaite, C Möller, C Fleischmann, D O Thomas-Rueddel, V Vlasakov, B Rochwerg, P Theurer, L Gattinoni, K Reinhart, C S Hartog, A González Pérez, J Zanabili Al Sibai, P Martinez Camblor, P Alvarez Fernandez, J M García Gala, J Silba Guisasola, G Muñiz Albaiceta, T Tamura, T Yatabe, I Miyajima, K Yamashita, M Yokoyama, F Ampatzidou, G Kehagioglou, E Dalampini, M Nastou, A Baddour, A Ignatiadis, T Asteri, G Drossos, K E Hathorn, S W Purtle, C M Horkan, F K Gibbons, K B Christopher, M V Viana, T A Tonietto, L A Gross, V L Costa, A L J Tavares, B O Lisboa, R B Moraes, S R Vieira, L V Viana, M J Azevedo, G D Ceniccola, R S F Pequeno, T P Holanda, V S Mendonça, W M C Araújo, L S F Carvalho, E Segaran, L Vickers, K Brinchmann, I Wignall, F Rubulotta, I De Brito-Ashurst, R Del Olmo, M J Esteban, C Vaquerizo, R Carreño, V Gálvez, G Kaminsky, B Nieto, M Fuentes, M A De la Torre, E Torres, A Alonso, C Velayos, T Saldaña, A Escribá, J Grip, R Kölegård, P Sundblad, O Rooyackers, Ben Naser, F Jaziri, A Ben Jazia, M Barghouth, O Hentati, W Skouri, M El Euch, M Mahfoudhi, S Turki, K Ben Abdelghni, Ben Abdallah, B N M Maha, J Cánovas, F Sotos, A López, M Lorente, A Burruezo, D Torres, K Polok, A Włudarczyk, J Górka, A Hałek, J Musiał, W Szczeklik, A Ben Jazia, F Jaziri, M Bargouth, M Bennasr, S Turki, K Ben Abdelghani, T Ben Abdallah, H J de Grooth, I L Geenen, J J Parienti, H M Oudemans-van Straaten, H P Shum, H S King, K C Chan, W W Yan, J Gonzalez Londoño, C Lorencio Cardenas, M Morales Pedrosa, C Murcia Gubianas, C Fuster Bertolin, N Vila Batllori, J M Sirvent, K Wykes, J Jack, P Morgan, A Mukhopadhyay, H Y Chan, Y Kowitlawakul, D Remani, C S F Leong, C J Henry, Z A Puthucheary, N Mendsaikhan, T Begzjav, G Lundeg, M Dünser, E D Valenzuela Espinoza, S P Welsh, M F Motta, E Guerra, M C L Zerpa, F Zechner, M Furche, F Berdaguer, P N Rubatto Birri, A Risso-Vazquez, A Dubin, F D Masevicius, D Greaney, A Magee, G Fitzpatrick, R G Lugo-Cob, L A Sánchez-Hurtado, P C Arvizu-Tachiquín, B C Tejeda-Huezo, A A Cano-Oviedo, J A Baltazar-Torres, M S Aydogan, T Togal, A Taha, H Z Chai, C Kam, S S Yang Razali, V Sivasamy, L Y Kuan, V Poulose, M A Lopez Morales, S Castro, T Pires, L Melão, A Krystopchuk, I Pereira, C Granja, L U Taniguchi, E M C Pires, J M Vieira, L C P Azevedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Feng Mao, Liang Zhang, Hengle Gu, Hui Zhang, Changxing Lv, Yang Shen-Tu
BACKGROUND: With the extensively application of HRCT (high resolution CT) and the popularization of early lung cancer screening, the proportion of small nodullar lung cancer to be operated increases rapidly. Identifying the focus lesions quickly and accurately in operation has shown to be a challenge. We carried out this research trying to make use of and evaluate a new method that localizaes and extracts small peripheral pulmonary nodules by way of simulating radiaotherapy combining methylene blue staining...
September 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Dominique McCarthy, Peter Andrew Windsor, Charissa Harris, Sabrina Lomax, Peter John White
The post-operative effects of three formulations of topical anaesthetic and a cornual nerve block on the sensitivity of scoop dehorning wounds in calves were compared in two trials. In Trial 1, 21 female Holstein dairy calves aged 8 to 24 weeks were randomly allocated to two groups: (1) scoop dehorning with a post-operative application of a novel topical anaesthetic powder (DTAP, n = 10); and (2) scoop dehorning with a post-operative application of a novel topical anaesthetic ethanol liquid (DTAE, n = 11). In Trial 2, 18 castrated male and 18 female Hereford beef calves aged 16 to 20 weeks were randomly allocated to four groups: (1) scoop dehorning with a pre-operative cornual nerve block of lignocaine (DCB, n = 9); (2) scoop dehorning with a post-operative application of the novel topical anaesthetic ethanol liquid from Trial 1 (DTAE, n = 9); (3) scoop dehorning with a post-operative application of a topical anaesthetic gel (DTAG, n = 9); and (4) sham dehorning (CON, n = 9)...
2016: PloS One
Torsten Fregin, Ulf Bickmeyer
OBJECTIVES: In search for methods of anesthesia of crustaceans, an implanted electrode into lobster and crayfish CNS enabled us to monitor signal propagation in the nerve system of animals undergoing different protocols. RESULTS: Cooling (tap water 0°C, sea water -1,8°C) and anesthesia with MgCl2 (10%) were both discarded as anesthetic procedures because responses to external stimuli were still detectable under treatment. Contrarily, bubbling the aquarium water with CO2 can be considered a "partially successful" anesthesia, because signal propagation is inhibited but before that the animals show discomfort...
2016: PloS One
Adrien Lemoine, Jean X Mazoit, Francis Bonnet
BACKGROUND: Spinal bupivacaine is used for day-case surgery but the appropriate dose that guarantees hospital discharge is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the spinal bupivacaine dose that prevents delayed hospital discharge in ambulatory surgery. DESIGN: Systematic review of clinical trials. DATA SOURCES: Comprehensive search in electronic databases of studies published between 1996 and 2014 reporting the use of spinal bupivacaine in ambulatory patients...
November 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
M H Abdulla, M Duff, H Swanton, E J Johns
AIM: This study investigated the effect of renal bradykinin B1 and B2 receptor blockade on the high- and low-pressure baroreceptor reflex regulation of renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) in rats with cisplatin-induced renal failure. METHODS: Cisplatin (5 mg/kg) or saline was given intraperitoneally 4 days prior to study. Following chloralose/urethane anaesthesia, rats were prepared for measurement of mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate and RSNA and received intrarenal infusions of either Lys-[des-Arg(9) , Leu(8) ]-bradykinin (LBK), a bradykinin B1 receptor blocker, or bradyzide (BZ), a bradykinin B2 receptor blocker...
November 2016: Acta Physiologica
Hemanshu Prabhakar, Gyaninder Pal Singh, Charu Mahajan, Indu Kapoor, Mani Kalaivani, Vidhu Anand
BACKGROUND: Brain tumour surgery usually is carried out with the patient under general anaesthesia. Over past years, both intravenous and inhalational anaesthetic agents have been used, but the superiority of one agent over the other is a topic of ongoing debate. Early and rapid emergence from anaesthesia is desirable for most neurosurgical patients. With the availability of newer intravenous and inhalational anaesthetic agents, all of which have inherent advantages and disadvantages, we remain uncertain as to which technique may result in more rapid early recovery from anaesthesia...
September 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sayaka Ishigaki, Takahiro Ogura, Ayana Kanaya, Yu Miyake, Kenichi Masui, Tomiei Kazama
BACKGROUND: The influence of preoperative rehydration on the action of rocuronium has not yet been investigated. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to evaluate the hypothesis that preoperative rehydration lowers arterial rocuronium plasma concentrations and changes its associated neuromuscular blocking effects during induction of anaesthesia. DESIGN: Randomised, single-blinded study. SETTING: A secondary hospital from October 2013 to July 2014...
September 2, 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"