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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421831/a-novel-automated-slide-based-technology-for-visualization-counting-and-characterization-of-the-formed-elements-of-blood-a-proof-of-concept-study
#1
James W Winkelman, Milenko J Tanasijevic, David J Zahniser
CONTEXT: - A novel automated slide-based approach to the complete blood count and white blood cell differential count is introduced. OBJECTIVE: - To present proof of concept for an image-based approach to complete blood count, based on a new slide preparation technique. A preliminary data comparison with the current flow-based technology is shown. DESIGN: - A prototype instrument uses a proprietary method and technology to deposit a precise volume of undiluted peripheral whole blood in a monolayer onto a glass microscope slide so that every cell can be distinguished, counted, and imaged...
April 19, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410349/zika-virus-and-assisted-reproduction
#2
Christina N Cordeiro, Rashda Bano, Chantel I Washington Cross, James H Segars
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Due to the fact that the Zika virus can be sexually transmitted, there is a potential risk for disease transmission at several stages of assisted reproduction. Such a possibility poses a serious challenge to couples pursing fertility with reproductive technologies. Here, we discuss what is known regarding Zika virus infection with respect to sexual transmission and correlate this knowledge with recent recommendations in the realm of infertility treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Zika virus can be transmitted from infected men and women through vaginal, oral or anal intercourse...
April 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408700/contamination-a-major-problem-in-nuclear-medicine-imaging-how-to-investigate-handle-and-avoid-it
#3
Narvesh Kumar, Shashwat Verma, Rani Kunti Randhir Singh, Deepanksha Datta, Subhash Chand Kheruka, Sanjay Gambhir
We submitted this study to describe the pattern of contamination of the collimator and motion artifact, and measures needed for its identification and confirmation, to emphasise the importance of detection of potential sources of false positive results associated with the nuclear scans. It is important for the nuclear medicine technologist and physicians to recognize the various patterns of sources of error associated in a specific study in order to avoid the unnecessary radiation exposure to the patients (according to the ALARA)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402432/educational-outcomes-of-a-medical-physicist-program-over-the-past-10%C3%A2-years-in-japan
#4
Noriyuki Kadoya, Kumiko Karasawa, Iori Sumida, Hidetaka Arimura, Yasumasa Kakinohana, Shigeto Kabuki, Hajime Monzen, Teiji Nishio, Hiroki Shirato, Syogo Yamada
The promotion plan for the Platform of Human Resource Development for Cancer (Ganpro) was initiated by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan in 2007, establishing a curriculum for medical physicists. In this study, we surveyed the educational outcomes of the medical physicist program over the past 10 years since the initiation of Ganpro. The Japan Society of Medical Physics mailing list was used to announce this survey. The questionnaire was created by members of the Japanese Board for Medical Physicist Qualification, and was intended for the collection of information regarding the characteristics and career paths of medical physics students...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402126/implementation-of-a-point-of-care-radiologist-technologist-communication-tool-in-a-quality-assurance-program
#5
Leonard Ong, Pierre Elnajjar, C Gregory Nyman, Thomas Mair, Krishna Juluru
OBJECTIVE: We implemented an Image Quality Reporting and Tracking Solution (IQuaRTS), directly linked from the PACS, to improve communication between radiologists and technologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IQuaRTS launched in May 2015. We compared MRI issues filed in the period before IQuaRTS implementation (May-September 2014) using a manual system with MRI issues filed in the IQuaRTS period (May-September 2015). The unpaired t test was used for analysis. For assessment of overall results in the IQuaRTS period alone, all issues filed across all modalities were included...
April 12, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401705/a-3d-virtual-reality-ophthalmoscopy-trainer
#6
Andrew S Wilson, Jake O'Connor, Lewis Taylor, David Carruthers
BACKGROUND: Performing eye examinations is an important clinical skill that medical students often find difficult to become proficient in. This paper describes the development and evaluation of an innovative 3D virtual reality (VR) training application to support learning these skills. METHODS: The VR ophthalmoscope was developed by a clinical team and technologist using the unity game engine, smartphone and virtual reality headset. It has a series of tasks that include performing systematic eye examinations, identifying common eye pathologies and a knowledge quiz...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397583/immunohistochemistry-analysis-of-cd44-egfr-and-p16-in-oral-cavity-and-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Erin R Cohen, Isildinha M Reis, Carmen Gomez, Lutecia Pereira, Monika E Freiser, Gia Hoosien, Elizabeth J Franzmann
Objectives We analyze the relationship between CD44, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and p16 expression in oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancers in a diverse population. We also describe whether particular patterns of staining are associated with progression-free survival and overall survival. Study Design Prospective study, single-blind to pathologist and laboratory technologist. Setting Hospital based. Subjects and Methods Immunohistochemistry, comprising gross staining and cellular expression, was performed and interpreted in a blinded fashion on 24 lip/oral cavity and 40 oropharyngeal cancer specimens collected between 2007 and 2012 from participants of a larger study...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356198/prevalence-of-unanticipated-events-associated-with-mri-examinations-a-benchmark-for-mri-quality-safety-and-patient-experience
#8
Gelareh Sadigh, Kimberly E Applegate, Amit M Saindane
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of unanticipated events (UE) associated with MRI examinations in a multicenter academic radiology department. METHODS: UE reported by MRI technologists for examinations performed between June 2013 and November 2014 on 17 scanners in a university- and community-affiliated single health system were retrospectively reviewed. Events were categorized into the following categories: (1) problems with orders and scheduling; (2) scan delays; (3) unanticipated foreign bodies; (4) non-contrast-related patient events (eg, patient motion, discomfort, claustrophobia, need for sedation); (5) contrast-related patient events; and (6) technical acquisition issues...
March 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350475/occupational-radiation-exposure-and-deaths-from-malignant-intracranial-neoplasms-of-the-brain-and-cns-in-u-s-radiologic-technologists-1983-2012
#9
Cari M Kitahara, Martha S Linet, Stephen Balter, Donald L Miller, Preetha Rajaraman, Elizabeth K Cahoon, Raquel Velazquez-Kronen, Steven L Simon, Mark P Little, Michele M Doody, Bruce H Alexander, Dale L Preston
OBJECTIVE: Childhood exposure to acute, high-dose radiation has consistently been associated with risk of benign and malignant intracranial tumors of the brain and CNS, but data on risks of adulthood exposure to protracted, low-to-moderate doses of radiation are limited. In a large cohort of radiologic technologists, we quantified the association between protracted, low-to-moderate doses of radiation and malignant intracranial tumor mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population included 83,655 female and 26,642 male U...
March 28, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343858/-inhibitory-capacity-of-lactobacillus-spp-against-pathogens-involved-in-foodborne-diseases
#10
María J Ruiz, Rocío Colello, Nora L Padola, Analía I Etcheverría
The genus Lactobacillus daily generates a growing interest among microbiologists and technologists, who try to discover new biotechnological applications and probiotic properties. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the inhibitory capacity of Lactobacillus spp. against pathogens (Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella spp., Staphylococcus aureus) involved in foodborne diseases. For this purpose, samples were collected at different stages of the pork production chain. Seventy eight bacterial strains were isolated...
March 23, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338899/work-practices-and-radiation-exposure-among-male-radiologic-technologists-assisting-fluoroscopically-guided-interventional-procedures
#11
Jae Won Yun, Eun Shil Cha, Seulki Ko, Won Jin Lee
This study investigated occupational characteristics and radiation exposure among radiologic technologists assisting fluoroscopically guided interventional (FGI) procedures. A nationwide survey of radiologic technologists in South Korea was conducted. Among 8058 male respondents, 664 (8.2%) assisted FGI procedures. The survey data were linked with dosimetry data from the National Dose Registry. Most radiologic technologists assisting FGI procedures were 30-40 years old and employed by general hospitals. These technologists worked in closer proximity to patients during procedures, less frequently used shield screens, more commonly utilized protective devices, and less commonly wore badge dosemeters than the ones not assisting FGI procedures...
March 3, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333407/the-use-of-cellavision%C3%A2-dm96-in-the-verification-of-the-presence-of-blasts-in-samples-flagged-by-the-sysmex-xe-5000
#12
H Eilertsen, C E Henriksson, T-A Hagve
INTRODUCTION: The CellaVision™DM96 is a digital pattern recognition system that classifies white blood cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the CellaVision preclassification feature, without a subsequent re-classification, was a sufficient approach to follow up flags reported by Sysmex XE-5000. METHODS: Pairs of blood smears from 400 samples reported with suspect flags were examined using conventional microscopy and the CellaVision features. The effect of pre- vs...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315606/video-ambulatory-eeg-a-good-alternative-to-inpatient-video-telemetry
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rosalind Kandler, Athi Ponnusamy, Claire Wragg
PURPOSE: Video ambulatory EEG (V-AEEG) is a new technique which could add increased capacity for long term EEG monitoring to overstretched inpatient video telemetry (IPVT) services. We compare V-AEEG and IPVT for diagnostic efficacy, recording quality, patient acceptability and technologist time required. METHODS: Forty-one V-AEEG and 64 IPVT adult patients were included. Patients were investigated to diagnose attacks or to obtain polysomnography (PSG) prior to multiple sleep latency test (MSLT)...
April 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303693/the-opinions-of-radiographers-nuclear-medicine-technologists-and-radiation-therapists-regarding-technology-in-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#14
Sil Aarts, Forra Cornelis, Yke Zevenboom, Patrick Brokken, Nicole van de Griend, Miriam Spoorenberg, Wendy Ten Bokum, Eveline Wouters
INTRODUCTION: New technology is continuously introduced in health care. The aim of this study was (1) to collect the opinions and experiences of radiographers, nuclear medicine technologists and radiation therapists regarding the technology they use in their profession and (2) to acquire their views regarding the role of technology in their future practice. METHODS: Participants were recruited from five departments in five hospitals in The Netherlands. All radiographers, nuclear medicine therapists and radiation therapists who were working in these departments were invited to participate (n = 252)...
March 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298577/trauma-imaging-a-literature-review
#15
Jason Heath Vela, Christopher Ira Wertz, Kimberly L Onstott, Joss R Wertz
PURPOSE: To inform radiologic technologists about which imaging modalities and examinations are best suited for evaluating specific anatomical structures in patients who have sustained a traumatic injury. METHODS: Two scholarly research databases were searched to identify articles focused on trauma imaging of the head, cervical spine, thorax, abdomen, and pelvis. Articles focused on trauma diagnosis were excluded. Thirty-two articles were selected for analysis. DISCUSSION: Physical examination and plain-film radiographs typically are used to assess nasal bone fracures...
January 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298497/anorexia-nervosa-and-bone-densitometry
#16
Havilah Adkins
Anorexia nervosa is a psychological disorder with extensive physical complications that require care and monitoring from a diverse team of health care professionals. Although it can affect people of various ages and both sexes, anorexia most frequently occurs in adolescent girls during a crucial period of skeletal development. This article presents an overview of anorexia nervosa, followed by focused discussions of its effects on bone development, treatment of bone loss, and the radiologic technologist's role in caring for anorexic patients...
March 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295898/the-program-for-personnel-in-medical-institutions-in-japan-to-combat-child-maltreatment
#17
Koji Tanoue, Masayoshi Senda, Byongmun An, Midori Tasaki, Megumi Taguchi, Kosuke Kobashi, Shinji Oana, Fumitake Mizoguchi, Yuko Shiraishi, Fujiko Yamada, Makiko Okuyama, Kotaro Ichikawa
BACKGROUND: In 2014, we created the training program for personnel in medical institutions in Japan to combat child maltreatment. Our objective was to document the effectiveness of the program for professionals from multiple disciplines working in medical institutions. METHODS: The questionnaire designed for the training program included demographic questions such years of practice and area of specialty, i.e. physician, nurse, social worker, public health nurse, technician, and others, as well as experience with suspected child maltreatment cases and training in dealing with such cases...
March 11, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278586/recent-advances-on-liposomal-nanoparticles-synthesis-characterization-and-biomedical-applications
#18
REVIEW
Yunes Panahi, Masoud Farshbaf, Majid Mohammadhosseini, Mozhdeh Mirahadi, Rovshan Khalilov, Siamak Saghfi, Abolfazl Akbarzadeh
Liposome is a new nanostructure for the encapsulation and delivery of bioactive agents. There are a lot of bioactive materials that could be incorporated into liposomes including cosmetics, food ingredients, and pharmaceuticals. Liposomes possess particular properties such as biocompatibility, biodegradability; accompanied by their nanosize they have potential applications in nanomedicine, cosmetics, and food industry. Nanoliposome technology offers thrilling chances for food technologists in fields including encapsulation and controlled release of food ingredients, also improved bioavailability and stability of sensitive materials...
June 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273256/surgical-count-process-evidence-for-patient-safety
#19
Patrícia Scotini Freitas, Karina Dal Sasso Mendes, Cristina Maria Galvão
Objective: To analyze the surgical count process according to reports of nurses working in surgical centers of a city in the state of São Paulo. Methods: Cross-sectional study with a sample of 55 nurses. Data collection occurred from August to December 2013, with application of an instrument submitted to face and content validation, composed of data on variables regarding characteristics of nurses, hospital, and surgical count process. Results: Fifty-two (94...
February 23, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262972/reliability-of-self-reported-questionnaire-on-occupational-radiation-practices-among-diagnostic-radiologic-technologists
#20
Moon Jung Kim, Eun Shil Cha, Yousun Ko, Byung Chul Chun, Won Jin Lee
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the reliability of a self-reported questionnaire on occupational radiation practices among radiologic technologists. METHODS: We enrolled 941 participants who had repeatedly completed the questionnaire from the 2012-2013 radiologic technologists' health study in South Korea. We used percentage agreement, kappa statistics, and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) to assess the reliability of responses on work practices. RESULTS: Overall agreement for ever-never diagnostic radiation procedures was high (87...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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