Read by QxMD icon Read

gluteal enhancement

Ning Xia, Huige Li
Under physiological conditions, perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) attenuates agonist-induced vasoconstriction by releasing vasoactive molecules including hydrogen peroxide, angiotensin 1-7, adiponectin, methyl palmitate, hydrogen sulfide, nitric oxide (NO) and leptin. This anticontractile function of PVAT is lost under conditions of obesity. The central mechanism underlying PVAT dysfunction in obesity is likely to be an "obesity triad" (consisting of PVAT hypoxia, inflammation and oxidative stress) that leads to dysregulation of PVAT-derived vasoregulators...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Or Friedman, Ehud Arad, Oded Ben Amotz
In the pursuit of success in sports, some athletes are not deterred by health risks associated with the (mis)use of black market preparations of dubious origin as performance-enhancing agents. Several studies published in the recent years demonstrated that anabolic-androgenic steroids, but also stimulants and growth hormones, are misused by numerous recreational athletes from all over the world. Trenbolone is an anabolic steroid routinely used in the finishing phase of beef production to improve animal performance and feed efficiency...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Fabrice Michel, Arnaud Dupeyron, Jean Jacques Labat, Etienne Aleton, Bernard Parratte
OBJECTIVE: Among pelvitrochanteric muscles, the internal obturator muscle is implicated in some pain projected at the buttock or perineum. Even though the pathophysiology is not completely understood, its responsibility is often held in clinical practice and in the literature due to effectiveness of botulinum toxin injections, constituting a therapeutic test. The objective is to enhance the couple ultrasound/EMG in difficult injections. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients were treated in the physical medicine department (Besançon) from September 2015 to February 2016 for gluteal or perineal pain suspected to be related to abnormal spasm of the internal obturator muscle...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Tanya Minasian, Chad Claus, Omid R Hariri, Zhe Piao, Syed A Quadri, Robert Yuhan, Darren Leong, Vartan Tashjian
BACKGROUND: Chondromyxoid fibroma (CMF) is an extremely rare, benign cartilaginous tumor that makes up <0.5% of all bone tumors, typically presenting in the second or third decade of life. CMF of the sacrum is exceedingly rare, with only seven documented cases reported in the neurosurgical literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a case of a 35-year-old female with a 3 month history of lower back pain after sustaining a fall on her sacrum/coccyx presenting with a progressive complaint of localized lower back pain, occasional urinary retention without incontinence, gluteal hypesthesia, and pressure below the gluteal crease...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
N Harrasser, I Banke, H Gollwitzer, F Wilken, A Toepfer, R von Eisenhart-Rothe, M Hauschild
INTRODUCTION: Gluteal insufficiency is a common and challenging complaint. New concepts in pathobiomechanics and improved clinical understanding of chronic gluteal dysfunction have unmasked gluteus medius (GMed) tears as an underlying cause of enhanced trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS). These tears are often missed or misdiagnosed as bursitis, but lead to prolonged chronic peritrochanteric pain. Clinic: The clinical signs are often dull pain on the lateral hip aspect, reduced hip abduction strength with positive Trendelenburg testing and a tendency for the leg to external rotation, as the internal rotation strength is reduced...
April 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Douglas M Senderoff
The demand for gluteal enhancement has increased rapidly in the past few years. In this Continuing Medical Education (CME) article, the evaluation, surgical planning, operative technique, and management of potential complications of gluteal augmentation using solid silicone implants are discussed. Practice-based recommendations are presented along with a review of the scientific literature. The intramuscular and subfascial technique is described along with a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of each approach...
May 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
José Ballivian Rico, Atilio Esteche, Carlos José Ramírez Hanke, Ricardo Cavalcanti Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of gluteal suspension with polypropylene strips. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety healthy female patients between the ages of 20 and 50 years (mean, 26 years), who wished to remodel their buttocks from December 2004 to February 2013 were studied retrospectively. All 90 patients were treated with 2 strips of polypropylene on each buttock using the following procedures: 27 (30 %) patients were suspended with polypropylene strips; 63 (70 %) patients were treated with tumescent liposuction in the sacral "V", lower back, supragluteal regions, and flanks to improve buttocks contour (aspirated volume of fat from 350 to 800 cc); 16 (18 %) patients underwent fat grafting in the subcutaneous and intramuscular layers (up to 300 cc in each buttock to increase volume); 5 (6 %) patients received implants to increase volume; and 4 (4...
April 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
R C Mendoza-Morales, E V Camberos-Nava, A Luna-Rosas, L Garcés-Ramírez, F De la Cruz, F García-Dolores
Recently in Mexico the number of cosmetic surgeries has increased. These procedures are often carried out by unqualified people using obsolete and contraindicated products such as injectable oil, which cause uncorrectable disfigurement or more serious complications, even death, after reaching the systemic circulation. We report the case of a fat embolism syndrome (FES) caused by injections of vitamin E (tocopherol) in order to increase the volume of the buttocks. This case of a FES caused by injections of vitamin E was confirmed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry...
February 2016: Forensic Science International
A J Harrison, C Mccabe
AIM: This study examined the acute effect of gluteal activation exercises on 10 m sprints and drop jumps performed on a force sledge apparatus. METHODS: Twelve participants completed pre-tests of 10 sprints and 10 drop jumps with one minute recovery between sprints or jumps. For the 10 m sprints, contact, flight, 5 m and 10 m times were recorded using an Optojump Next system. For drop jumps, height jumped, contact and flight times, reactive strength index and peak forces were recorded via a force - sledge system...
November 12, 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Thomas Comyns, Ian Kenny, Gerard Scales
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a low-load gluteal warm-up protocol on countermovement and squat jump performance. Research by Crow et al. (2012) found that a low-load gluteal warm-up could be effective in enhancing peak power output during a countermovement jump. Eleven subjects performed countermovement and squat jumps before and after the gluteal warm-up protocol. Both jumps were examined in separate testing sessions and performed 30 seconds, and 2, 4, 6 & 8 minutes post warm-up...
June 27, 2015: Journal of Human Kinetics
Tahsin Oğuz Acartürk, Hüseyin Dinçyürek, Kenan Dağlıoğlu
"Surgical delay" is aimed at increasing blood flow to adjacent angiosomes by opening choke vessels, to obtain larger and more reliable flaps. We hypothesized that staged elevation (delay) from distal to proximal, in addition to preservation perforator artery near the base will improve survival. Thirty-two Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups and 3x8cm caudal McFarlane flaps were elevated. In "delay" groups the 3 × 4 cm distal part was elevated and sutured back, with complete elevation (3 × 8 cm) after 4 days...
June 2015: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
Xiaoduo Yu, Meng Lin, Feng Ye, Han Ouyang, Yan Chen, Chunwu Zhou, Zihua Su
PURPOSE: To compare contrast-enhanced isotropic 3D-GRE-T1WI sequence vs. conventional non-isotropic sequence in terms of image quality, estimated signal-to-noise ratio (eSNR), relative tumor contrast and performance of cervical cancer staging. METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board, and informed consent was waived. Seventy-one patients (47 ± 9.4 years), with pathologically-confirmed cervical cancer underwent axial contrast-enhanced 1 mm3 isotropic 3D-GRE-T1WI sequence (herein referred to Isotropy), and 3-mm-thick non-isotropic sagittal and coronal sequences...
2015: PloS One
Lesley M Nicol, David S Rowlands, Ruth Fazakerly, John Kellett
INTRODUCTION: Oral curcumin decreases inflammatory cytokines and increases muscle regeneration in mice. PURPOSE: To determine effects of curcumin on muscle damage, inflammation and delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) in humans. METHOD: Seventeen men completed a double-blind randomized-controlled crossover trial to estimate the effects of oral curcumin supplementation (2.5 g twice daily) versus placebo on single-leg jump performance and DOMS following unaccustomed heavy eccentric exercise...
August 2015: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Fernando Serra, José Horácio Aboudib, José Inácio Salles Neto, Victor Rodrigues Amaral Cossich, Nádia Cristina Pinheiro Rodrigues, Katia Fuhro de Oliveira, Ruy Garcia Marques
BACKGROUND: The gluteal muscles have been very important throughout the evolution of mankind for the adoption of the bipedal posture. Over the past 15 years, the intramuscular technique has become popular and has been improved, with enhanced results and reduced levels of postoperative complications. The insertion of gluteal implants within the musculature may be an intrinsic compression factor of these muscles. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the gluteus maximus function and its variation over a 12-month period after the insertion of the implant...
March 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Nellie Y Loh, Matt J Neville, Kyriakoula Marinou, Sarah A Hardcastle, Barbara A Fielding, Emma L Duncan, Mark I McCarthy, Jonathan H Tobias, Celia L Gregson, Fredrik Karpe, Constantinos Christodoulides
Common variants in WNT pathway genes have been associated with bone mass and fat distribution, the latter predicting diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk. Rare mutations in the WNT co-receptors LRP5 and LRP6 are similarly associated with bone and cardiometabolic disorders. We investigated the role of LRP5 in human adipose tissue. Subjects with gain-of-function LRP5 mutations and high bone mass had enhanced lower-body fat accumulation. Reciprocally, a low bone mineral density-associated common LRP5 allele correlated with increased abdominal adiposity...
February 3, 2015: Cell Metabolism
Suchismita Paul, Amrita Goyal, Lyn M Duncan, Gideon P Smith
Liquid injectable silicone (LIS) for cosmetic purposes has been widely available and commonly used for almost half a century. An increase in buttock augmentation procedures because of patients wanting to emulate the look of some celebrities has recently highlighted cases in the media of unsafe administration of liquid silicone injections. Severe complications including death have been reported. In this article, we report a case in which liquid silicone was injected in the patient's gluteal tissue resulting in granulomatous reactions in the surrounding tissues...
March 2015: Dermatologic Therapy
Morihiro Katsura, Hirokazu Nishina, Yasushi Shigemori, Takaya Nakanishi
INTRODUCTION: Extranodal lymphoma (ENL) in the muscles is a rare manifestation of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The aim of this case report is to describe and evaluate the clinical presentation and important radiologic features of ENL affecting the musculoskeletal system. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a 52-year-old female with a 3-week history of left gluteal pain. Computed tomography (CT) showed a non-uniformly early enhancing mass in the left gluteal muscle, the tumor demonstrating central necrosis and adjacent bone involvement...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ilaria Pergolini, Stefano Crippa, Alfredo Santinelli, Cristina Marmorale
BACKGROUND: Gastric carcinoma is one of the most common malignancies in the world. Skeletal muscle metastases from gastric carcinoma are rare. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 67-year-old man patient with skeletal muscle metastasis developing from gastric carcinoma. He had a painful swelling of the left thigh. A chest computed tomography (CT) scan with enhancement showed pulmonary thromboembolism. Despite heparin therapy, edema and pain of the lower limbs increased bilaterally, so the patient underwent pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which documented an altered signal intensity in the upper third of his thighs bilaterally...
2014: American Journal of Case Reports
H Mezzine, G Khairallah, R Abs, E Simon
UNLABELLED: Buttock enhancement using gluteal silicone implants is known as a high risk of complications procedure. However, few studies have attempted to quantify the rate of overall complications. The aim of this work is to analyze the rates and types of complications encountered by French plastic surgeons practicing this procedure, and to review their technical choices about incisional access, implant plane, implant type, postoperative instructions, and drain use. We also tried to assess patients global satisfaction rate...
April 2015: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Young So, Jeong Geun Yi, Inyoung Song, Won Woo Lee, Hyun Woo Chung, Jeong Hee Park, Sung Gyu Moon
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle metastasis (SMM) in cancer patients has not been sufficiently evaluated regarding prevalence and proper method of detection. PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of SMM and compare the diagnostic competencies for SMM of torso F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) and contrast-enhanced chest or abdomen CT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We investigated 18,225 PET-CT studies of 6359 cancer patients performed from 2005 to 2012...
July 2015: Acta Radiologica
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"