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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580383/resection-of-granulomatous-tissue-resolves-silicone-induced-hypercalcemia
#1
Beatrice J Edwards, Smita Saraykar, Ming Sun, William A Murphy, Pei Lin, Robert Gagel
Because of the increasing trend of body contour enhancements with injections, implants, and fillers, clinicians should be on high alert for the possibility of silicone-induced hypercalcemia as one of the differential diagnoses in a patient with history of silicone use. Hypercalcemia as a result of silicone injections has been reported, and there is concern that there will be more cases given the popularity of cosmetic silicone. Cases involved a mother and daughter (70 & 55 years) who presented in 2013 with hypercalcemia after cosmetic silicone injections in 2007...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547918/exercise-with-weight-loss-improves-adipose-tissue-and-skeletal-muscle-markers-of-fatty-acid-metabolism-in-postmenopausal-women
#2
Heidi K Ortmeyer, Andrew P Goldberg, Alice S Ryan
OBJECTIVE: The effects of 6-month weight loss (WL) versus aerobic exercise training (AEX)+WL on fat and skeletal muscle markers of fatty acid metabolism were determined in normal (NGT) and impaired (IGT) glucose tolerant African-American and Caucasian postmenopausal women with overweight/obesity. METHODS: Fat (gluteal and abdominal) lipoprotein lipase (LPL), skeletal muscle LPL, acyl-CoA synthase (ACS), ß-hydroxacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT-1), and citrate synthase (CS) activities were measured at baseline (n = 104) and before and after WL (n = 34) and AEX+WL (n = 37)...
May 26, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452592/a-cellular-model-for-the-investigation-of-depot-specific-human-adipocyte-biology
#3
Marijana Todorčević, Catriona Hilton, Catriona McNeil, Constantinos Christodoulides, Leanne Hodson, Fredrik Karpe, Katherine E Pinnick
Upper-body adiposity is associated with increased metabolic disease risk, while lower-body adiposity is paradoxically protective. Efforts to understand the underlying mechanisms require appropriate and reproducible in vitro culture models. We have therefore generated immortalised (im) human preadipocyte (PAD) cell lines derived from paired subcutaneous abdominal and gluteal adipose tissue. These cell lines, denoted imAPAD and imGPAD display enhanced proliferation and robust adipogenic capacities. Differentiated imAPAD and imGPAD adipocytes synthesize triglycerides de novo and respond lipolytically to catecholamine-stimulation...
January 2, 2017: Adipocyte
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400400/transperineal-aggressive-angiomyxoma
#4
Pedro Pereira, Elisa Melo Abreu, Teresa Margarida Cunha, Inês Rolim
A 45-year-old woman with a history of total hysterectomy with adnexal preservation for uterine leiomyomas presented to our hospital with a right gluteal palpable mass, which she first noticed 6 months before and had progressively enlarged since then.Radiological studies revealed a 14 cm lesion with translevator growth that displaced rather than invaded adjacent structures, with a peculiar whorled pattern on T2-weighted MRI, which enhanced following gadolinium administration. CT-guided biopsy was performed, and in conjunction with imaging features the diagnosis of an aggressive angiomyxoma was assumed and confirmed following surgical excision...
April 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392937/reduced-lpl-and-subcutaneous-lipid-storage-capacity-are-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-postmenopausal-women-with-obesity
#5
M C Serra, A S Ryan, A P Goldberg
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the hypothesis that lower adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity and a limited capacity for subcutaneous adipocyte expansion will be associated with metabolic syndrome (MSyn) in postmenopausal women who are overweight and obese. METHODS: Women (N = 150; age 60 ± 1 year; BMI: 31.5 ± 0.3 kg m(-2); mean ± standard errors of the means [SEM]) with and without MSyn had dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans for total body fat, CT scans for visceral and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue areas, lipid and glucose metabolic profiles, and abdominal and gluteal fat aspirations for subcutaneous fat cell weight (FCW; N = 150) and LPL activity (N = 100)...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147703/does-short-term-gluteal-activation-enhance-muscle-performance
#6
Darryl J Cochrane, Michael C Harnett, Scott C Pinfold
A reduction in gluteus maximus (GM) strength may contribute to the etiology of musculoskeletal impairments and lower-extremity injuries. Currently, there is a paucity of evidence regarding the efficacy of implementing a short-term gluteal activation programme to improving muscle performance. Twenty four semi-professional rugby males were assigned randomly to a gluteal activation group (GLUTE) or a control group (CON). During the 6-week training intervention, the GLUTE and CON groups performed the same training, however that GLUTE group performed seven gluteal activation exercises three times weekly prior to their normal training sessions...
April 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095515/effects-of-ultraviolet-photofunctionalization-on-bone-augmentation-and-integration-capabilities-of-titanium-mesh-and-implants
#7
Makoto Hirota, Takayuki Ikeda, Masako Tabuchi, Tomomichi Ozawa, Iwai Tohnai, Takahiro Ogawa
PURPOSE: Ultraviolet (UV)-mediated photofunctionalization has earned considerable attention for the enhancement of the biologic capabilities of titanium. The effects of photofunctionalization on bone augmentation and gap closure were examined using titanium implants and mesh in a rat femur model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An acid-etched titanium implant (4-mm length, 1-mm diameter) was placed in the gluteal tuberosity that resembles a knife-edge-like edentulous ridge...
January 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031755/performance-effects-of-repetition-specific-gluteal-activation-protocols-on-acceleration-in-male-rugby-union-players
#8
Lorna Barry, Ian Kenny, Thomas Comyns
Warm-up protocols have the potential to cause an acute enhancement of dynamic sprinting performance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of three repetition specific gluteal activation warm-up protocols on acceleration performance in male rugby union players. Forty male academy rugby union players were randomly assigned to one of 4 groups (control, 5, 10 or 15 repetition gluteal activation group) and performed 10 m sprints at baseline and 30 s, 2, 4, 6 and 8 min after their specific intervention protocol...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973956/inferior-gluteal-artery-detection-at-the-greater-sciatic-notch-with-a-computer-assisted-navigation-system-during-pelvic-and-sacral-tumor-resection
#9
Toru Akiyama, Shotaro Kanda, Akinori Maeda, Kazuo Saita
BACKGROUND: During pelvic and sacral tumor resection, important vessels, such as the inferior gluteal artery underneath the sciatic notch, are easily injured because of their invisibility. We employed a computer-assisted navigation system to preserve the inferior gluteal artery at the sciatic notch with visualization of the inferior gluteal artery at the sciatic notch, thus maintaining blood flow to the gluteus maximus. METHODS: We present the results of seven patients (five men and two women) with a mean age of 64...
December 2016: Computer Assisted Surgery (Abingdon, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920855/aggressive-angiomyxoma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
John C Benson, Scott Gilles, Tina Sanghvi, James Boyum, Eric Niendorf
A 47-year-old female presented to clinic with a 5-year history of a left buttock mass. The patient's hemoglobin was low (9.7 g/dL); laboratory analysis was otherwise unremarkable. Ultrasound of the left gluteal region demonstrated a heterogeneous vascular solid lesion. Magnetic resonance and computed tomography imaging showed an enhancing mass extending from the left ischioanal fossa through the levator ani muscle into the pelvis. Biopsy revealed bland-appearing spindle-shaped cells positive for estrogen and progesterone receptors, consistent with an aggressive angiomyxoma...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761903/the-role-of-perivascular-adipose-tissue-in-obesity-induced-vascular-dysfunction
#11
REVIEW
Ning Xia, Huige Li
Under physiological conditions, perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) attenuates agonist-induced vasoconstriction by releasing vasoactive molecules including hydrogen peroxide, angiotensin 1-7, adiponectin, methyl palmitate, hydrogen sulfide, NO and leptin. This anticontractile effect of PVAT is lost under conditions of obesity. The central mechanism underlying this PVAT dysfunction in obesity is likely to be an 'obesity triad' (consisting of PVAT hypoxia, inflammation and oxidative stress) that leads to the impairment of PVAT-derived vasoregulators...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757350/body-builder-s-nightmare-black-market-steroid-injection-gone-wrong-a-case-report
#12
Or Friedman, Ehud Arad, Oded Ben Amotz
In the pursuit of success in sports, some athletes are not deterred by health risks associated with the (mis)use of black market preparations of dubious origin as performance-enhancing agents. Several studies published in the recent years demonstrated that anabolic-androgenic steroids, but also stimulants and growth hormones, are misused by numerous recreational athletes from all over the world. Trenbolone is an anabolic steroid routinely used in the finishing phase of beef production to improve animal performance and feed efficiency...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676805/internal-obturator-muscle-proposition-of-a-transforaminal-way-under-ultrasound-guidance-for-botulinum-toxin-injections
#13
Fabrice Michel, Arnaud Dupeyron, Jean Jacques Labat, Etienne Aleton, Bernard Parratte
OBJECTIVE: Among pelvitrochanteric muscles, the internal obturator muscle is implicated in some pain projected at the buttock or perineum. Even though the pathophysiology is not completely understood, its responsibility is often held in clinical practice and in the literature due to effectiveness of botulinum toxin injections, constituting a therapeutic test. The objective is to enhance the couple ultrasound/EMG in difficult injections. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients were treated in the physical medicine department (Besançon) from September 2015 to February 2016 for gluteal or perineal pain suspected to be related to abnormal spasm of the internal obturator muscle...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274412/chondromyxoid-fibroma-of-the-sacrum-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Tanya Minasian, Chad Claus, Omid R Hariri, Zhe Piao, Syed A Quadri, Robert Yuhan, Darren Leong, Vartan Tashjian
BACKGROUND: Chondromyxoid fibroma (CMF) is an extremely rare, benign cartilaginous tumor that makes up <0.5% of all bone tumors, typically presenting in the second or third decade of life. CMF of the sacrum is exceedingly rare, with only seven documented cases reported in the neurosurgical literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a case of a 35-year-old female with a 3 month history of lower back pain after sustaining a fall on her sacrum/coccyx presenting with a progressive complaint of localized lower back pain, occasional urinary retention without incontinence, gluteal hypesthesia, and pressure below the gluteal crease...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27104789/-gluteal-insufficiency-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-therapy
#15
REVIEW
N Harrasser, I Banke, H Gollwitzer, F Wilken, A Toepfer, R von Eisenhart-Rothe, M Hauschild
INTRODUCTION: Gluteal insufficiency is a common and challenging complaint. New concepts in pathobiomechanics and improved clinical understanding of chronic gluteal dysfunction have unmasked gluteus medius (GMed) tears as an underlying cause of enhanced trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS). These tears are often missed or misdiagnosed as bursitis, but lead to prolonged chronic peritrochanteric pain. Clinic: The clinical signs are often dull pain on the lateral hip aspect, reduced hip abduction strength with positive Trendelenburg testing and a tendency for the leg to external rotation, as the internal rotation strength is reduced...
April 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27069241/aesthetic-surgery-of-the-buttocks-using-implants-practice-based-recommendations
#16
REVIEW
Douglas M Senderoff
The demand for gluteal enhancement has increased rapidly in the past few years. In this Continuing Medical Education (CME) article, the evaluation, surgical planning, operative technique, and management of potential complications of gluteal augmentation using solid silicone implants are discussed. Practice-based recommendations are presented along with a review of the scientific literature. The intramuscular and subfascial technique is described along with a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of each approach...
May 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26801197/buttock-lifting-with-polypropylene-strips
#17
José Ballivian Rico, Atilio Esteche, Carlos José Ramírez Hanke, Ricardo Cavalcanti Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of gluteal suspension with polypropylene strips. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety healthy female patients between the ages of 20 and 50 years (mean, 26 years), who wished to remodel their buttocks from December 2004 to February 2013 were studied retrospectively. All 90 patients were treated with 2 strips of polypropylene on each buttock using the following procedures: 27 (30 %) patients were suspended with polypropylene strips; 63 (70 %) patients were treated with tumescent liposuction in the sacral "V", lower back, supragluteal regions, and flanks to improve buttocks contour (aspirated volume of fat from 350 to 800 cc); 16 (18 %) patients underwent fat grafting in the subcutaneous and intramuscular layers (up to 300 cc in each buttock to increase volume); 5 (6 %) patients received implants to increase volume; and 4 (4...
April 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26704422/a-fatal-case-of-systemic-fat-embolism-resulting-from-gluteal-injections-of-vitamin-e-for-cosmetic-enhancement
#18
R C Mendoza-Morales, E V Camberos-Nava, A Luna-Rosas, L Garcés-Ramírez, F De la Cruz, F García-Dolores
Recently in Mexico the number of cosmetic surgeries has increased. These procedures are often carried out by unqualified people using obsolete and contraindicated products such as injectable oil, which cause uncorrectable disfigurement or more serious complications, even death, after reaching the systemic circulation. We report the case of a fat embolism syndrome (FES) caused by injections of vitamin E (tocopherol) in order to increase the volume of the buttocks. This case of a FES caused by injections of vitamin E was confirmed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry...
February 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26564272/the-effect-of-a-gluteal-activation-protocol-on-sprint-and-drop-jump-performance
#19
Andrew J Harrison, Ciaran McCABE
BACKGROUND: This study examined the acute effect of gluteal activation exercises on 10 m sprints and drop jumps (DJ)s performed on a force sledge apparatus. METHODS: Twelve participants completed pre-tests of 10 sprints and 10 DJs with one minute recovery between sprints or jumps. For the 10 m sprints, contact, flight, 5 m and 10 m times were recorded using an Optojump Next system. For DJs, height jumped, contact and flight times, Reactive Strength Index and peak forces were recorded via a force-sledge system...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26240661/effects-of-a-low-load-gluteal-warm-up-on-explosive-jump-performance
#20
Thomas Comyns, Ian Kenny, Gerard Scales
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a low-load gluteal warm-up protocol on countermovement and squat jump performance. Research by Crow et al. (2012) found that a low-load gluteal warm-up could be effective in enhancing peak power output during a countermovement jump. Eleven subjects performed countermovement and squat jumps before and after the gluteal warm-up protocol. Both jumps were examined in separate testing sessions and performed 30 seconds, and 2, 4, 6 & 8 minutes post warm-up...
June 27, 2015: Journal of Human Kinetics
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