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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259941/consumption-of-policosanol-enhances-hdl-functionality-via-cetp-inhibition-and-reduces-blood-pressure-and-visceral-fat-in-young-and-middle-aged-subjects
#1
Jae-Yong Kim, Seong-Min Kim, Suk-Jeong Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Jae-Ryong Kim, Kyung-Hyun Cho
It is well-known that policosanol can improve serum lipid profiles, although the physiological mechanism is still unknown. Here, we investigated functional and structural changes in lipoproteins after consumption of policosanol. To investigate the physiological effect of policosanol, we analyzed serum parameters in young non-smoker (YN; n=7, 24.0±2.4 years), young smoker (YS; n=7, 26.3±1.5 years), and middle-aged subjects (MN; n=11, 52.5±9.8 years) who consumed policosanol daily (10 mg/day) for 8 weeks...
April 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215817/free-dermal-fat-graft-reconstruction-of-the-head-and-neck-an-alternate-reconstructive-option
#2
Adam Honeybrook, Sanjay M Athavale, Sanjeet V Rangarajan, Sarah L Rohde, James L Netterville
OBJECTIVES: Ablative procedures of the head and neck often result in significant facial and cervical irregularities and cosmetic asymmetry. The deformity resulting from ablative procedures of the head and neck is a significant source of cosmetic morbidity and postoperative dissatisfaction. Reconstruction of post-ablative defects in the head and neck can employ a broad range of techniques, ranging from primary closure to free tissue transfer. The free dermal fat graft (FDFG) is one such option and has been used to repair volume defects of varying sizes after common head and neck procedures such as parotidectomy...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177972/sustained-overcorrection-after-autologous-facial-fat-grafting-in-the-pediatric-population-a-case-series
#3
Kathryn Ries Tringale, Samuel Lance, Anna Schoenbrunner, Amanda A Gosman
INTRODUCTION: Autologous fat grafting is a valuable tool in the correction of facial soft tissue asymmetry and volume deficits. Pubertal growth and fluctuations in body mass present unique challenges to achieving satisfactory results after autologous fat transfer in the pediatric population. Few studies exist describing the outcomes and complications of pediatric facial fat grafting. The objective of this study is to identify the complication profile and outcomes after autologous fat grafting for the correction of facial asymmetry and volume deficits in the pediatric population...
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958596/lipofilling-as-refinement-procedure-in-maxillo-mandibular-malformations
#4
D Cervelli, G Gasparini, A Moro, S Pelo, E Foresta, F Grussu, G D'Amato, P De Angelis, G Saponaro
Maxillo-mandibular asymmetry has numerous aetiologies: congenital, traumatic, iatrogenic and post-oncologic. Patients with congenital dentofacial malformations are generally submitted to orthognathic surgery and/or additional procedures (genioplasty, alloplastic implants) with satisfactory results. However, despite achieving skeletal symmetry, noticeable facial asymmetry may persist.This study was performed in 45 patients (29 women and 16 men) operated between December 2012 and June 2014. All patients were affected by maxilla-mandibular asymmetry and underwent orthognatic surgery for hard tissue correction of the deformity...
October 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894610/-reconstruction-of-proximal-nasal-defect-after-deep-carcinological-resection-interest-to-combine-titane-mesh-with-fat-grafting
#5
R Aimard, C Lalloué, C Ho Quoc, D Girodet, P Zrounba, E Delay
INTRODUCTION: The mucosal cylindroma or adenoid cystic carcinoma is the second sinonasal non-epithelial malignant tumor frequency argument. Due to the achievement of the nasal mucosa and a late diagnosis reconstructions are often complex. We report the case of a mucous cylindroma recurrence of nasal septum requiring a wide and deep excision of the root of the nose with nasal reconstruction. CASE REPORT: A patient aged 66 years whose history resection two years ago with a mucous adenoid cystic carcinoma of the right side of the nasal septum, had a local recurrence T2NOM0 imposing a wide excision with amputation nasal septum own bones of nose, the anterior portion of the triangular cartilages...
April 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893635/orthognathic-surgery-with-simultaneous-autologous-fat-transfer-for-correction-of-facial-asymmetry
#6
Yu-Ching Wang, Christopher Glenn Wallace, Betty Chien-Jung Pai, Hui-Ling Chen, Yueh-Tse Lee, Yen-Chang Hsiao, Chun-Shin Chang, Yu-Fang Liao, Philip Kuo-Ting Chen, Yu-Ray Chen
BACKGROUND: Most patients treated with orthognathic surgery for facial asymmetry would value improvement in residual soft tissue asymmetry. Autologous fat transfer is widely used to augment facial soft tissue. We assessed the effect of combining orthognathic surgery with autologous fat transfer for treating patients with facial asymmetry. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 15 consecutive adults underwent combined orthognathic surgery and autologous fat transfer between January 2013 and December 2015...
November 21, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881936/autologous-fat-transfer-to-the-subcutaneous-tissue-in-the-context-of-breast-reconstructive-procedures
#7
REVIEW
Pawel Szychta, Marek Zadrozny, Jan Rykala, Lukasz Banasiak, Henryk Witmanowski
Autologous fat transfer (AFT) is an appropriate technique for aesthetic rejuvenation of the face, aesthetic enhancement of hands, correction of the facial appearance in various disorders and constitutes a surgical alternative of treatment of numerous breast deformities ranging from distorting posttraumatic scars, post-eczema lesions, post-burn deformities to partial or total breast reconstruction. Our work is aimed to familiarize dermatologists with the technique of harvesting and implanting the aspirate of adipose cells in patients consulted for deformities of the breast...
October 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673540/a-retrospective-analysis-of-secondary-revisions-after-face-transplantation-assessment-of-outcomes-safety-and-feasibility
#8
Mario A Aycart, Muayyad Alhefzi, Maximilian Kueckelhaus, Nicco Krezdorn, Ericka M Bueno, Edward J Caterson, Julian J Pribaz, Bohdan Pomahac
BACKGROUND: Face transplantation has emerged as a viable option for certain patients in the treatment of devastating facial injuries. However, as with autologous free tissue transfer, the need for secondary revisions in face transplantation also exists. The authors' group has quantified the number of revision operations in their cohort and has assessed the rationale, safety, and outcomes of posttransplantation revisions. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of the authors' seven face transplants was performed from April of 2009 to July of 2015...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562152/-surgical-strategy-for-postburn-facial-scar-contracture
#9
H Jiang, A T Liu
Postburn facial scar contracture, which can cause disfigurement and functional impairment, is a major therapeutic challenge. Except for some scars with severe functional impairments such as ectropion of lid, obstruction of nostril, microstomia, and so on, other kinds of facial scars are recommended to be reconstructed after they become sufficiently softened. The selection of specific methods depends on the characteristics of the facial scar. The methods includ direct closure after resection, full or split-thickness skin transplantation, pedicled flap, distant flap, and free flap transfer, and tissue expansion...
August 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496689/quality-of-life-outcomes-associated-with-treatment-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-facial-lipoatrophy
#10
REVIEW
Christina N Kraus, Lance W Chapman, Dorota Z Korta, Christopher B Zachary
Facial lipoatrophy (FLA), characterized by a decrease in facial volume, has a high prevalence in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection treated with long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The social stigmatization that results from such changes in facial appearance has led some HIV patients to discontinue HAART. The use of fillers is one method of restoring facial volume. A critical outcome of treatment concerns the patient's quality of life (QoL). Although many studies have assessed patient satisfaction, as well as the social and psychological outcomes associated with the correction of HIV FLA, fewer studies have assessed QoL...
December 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439536/massive-cerebral-infarction-following-facial-fat-injection
#11
Xiao Shen, Qi Li, Hengshu Zhang
BACKGROUND: Autologous facial fat injection is becoming popular around the world. Semiliquid fat grafts are used for correction of deformities or aesthetic purposes. Fat transfer is a mini-invasive surgical procedure, but causes severe complications occasionally. METHODS: A 30-year-old female patient presented to our hospital with sudden unconsciousness and left limb weakness 8 h after facial fat injection. Brain arteriography (CTA) and venography were performed immediately after her admission...
October 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414694/combined-treatment-with-595-nm-pulsed-dye-laser-and-1550-nm-erbium-glass-fractional-laser-for-traumatic-scars
#12
Kui Young Park, Moo Yeol Hyun, Nam Ju Moon, Se Yeong Jeong, Seong Jun Seo, Chang Kwun Hong
Facial scars can be caused by a traumatic event or indeed surgical procedures. Several treatment modalities have been suggested including surgical or resurfacing techniques, autologous fat transfer, and injection of fillers. However, these approaches have varying degrees of success and associated side effects. We report two Korean patients with traumatic scars. Both patients received combined consecutive treatment with 595-nm pulsed dye laser (PDL) and 1550-nm erbium-glass fractional laser. Both patients showed remarkable clinical improvements after a course of sessions...
November 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398005/infraorbital-dark-circles-a-review-of-the-pathogenesis-evaluation-and-treatment
#13
Ivan Vrcek, Omar Ozgur, Tanuj Nakra
Infraorbital dark circles represent a common and multifactorial challenge in the world of aesthetic medicine and are the result of a variety of factors including deep facial anatomy, soft tissue changes, as well as contributions from the skin. A variety of treatment options exist, and a customised management strategy can be developed for the particular anatomic changes present. A literature search using MEDLINE and non-MEDLINE sources was performed utilising keywords including: 'Dark circles' 'infraorbital dark circles', 'infraorbital pigment', 'under-eye circles' and 'lower eyelid bags'...
April 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363761/fat-stem-cells-and-platelet-rich-plasma
#14
REVIEW
Isaac B James, Sydney R Coleman, J Peter Rubin
The ideal filler for aesthetic surgery is inexpensive and easy to obtain, natural in appearance and texture, immunologically compatible, and long lasting without risk of infection. By most metrics, autologous fat grafts meet these criteria perfectly. Although facial fat grafting is now a commonly accepted surgical procedure, there has been a wave of activity applying stem cells and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapies to aesthetic practice. This article addresses technical considerations in the use of autologous fat transfer for facial rejuvenation, and also explores the current evidence for these stem cell and PRP therapies in aesthetic practice...
July 2016: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353877/modified-rhytidectomy%C3%A2-that-produces-a-more-natural-look-experience-with-110-cases
#15
Daniel Man
BACKGROUND: Recognition of the effects of aging on the ear and the mechanisms leading to ear deformity associated with facelift procedures aid in achieving improved aesthetic results. In 2009, the author developed a novel rhytidectomy technique to provide more natural-looking results than those achieved through other facelift procedures, which often result in facial and ear distortion/deformity. This technique is designed to optimize aesthetic outcomes by employing incisions hidden within the ear, autologous fat transfer to restore normally lost facial volume, and absorbable bidirectional sutures, all of which allow less skin removal and shorter, more concealable scars within the inside perimeter of the ear, and thus less-distorted facial contours...
October 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320171/the-pave-peeling-assisted-volume-enhancing-lift-a-retrospective-6-year-clinical-analysis-of-a-combined-approach-for-facial-rejuvenation
#16
Kai Oliver Kaye, Hans-Eberhard Schaller, Patrick Jaminet, Phillipp Gonser
The peeling-assisted volume-enhancing (PAVE) lift is a single-stage approach that combines superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) plication techniques with fat grafting and different peeling agents. To evaluate the safety of this approach, we analyzed the records of 159 patients who underwent surgery between 2008 and 2014. The percentage of complications observed was not higher than values reported in the literature for each treatment entity: surgical facelift: n=3 haematomas (1.89 %), n=2; temporary apraxia of the mandibular branch (1...
August 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257566/relationship-between-bmi-and-postoperative-complications-with-free-flap-in-anterolateral-craniofacial-reconstruction
#17
Yang Hoi Heo, Shunjiro Yagi, Kazuhiro Toriyama, Keisuke Takanari, Yasushi Fujimoto, Naoki Nishio, Masazumi Fujii, Kiyoshi Saito, Masakatsu Takahashi, Yuzuru Kamei
BACKGROUND: Although we have seen tremendous advancement in microsurgery over the last 2 decades and free tissue transfer has become standard for head and neck reconstruction, surgeons still struggle to prevent postoperative complications. We examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and postoperative complications in patients undergoing rectus abdominis free flap transfer after anterolateral craniofacial resection. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of reconstructive surgery using rectus abdominis musculocutaneous free flap in patients with locally advanced maxillary sinus carcinoma from 2003 to 2014 (n = 35, 27 men and 8 women; average age, 60...
March 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162566/autologous-fat-transfer-for-esthetic-contouring-of-face-in-posttraumatic-nonfunctional-maxillofacial-deformities
#18
Kapil S Agrawal, Manoj Bachhav, Charudatta S Naik, Harshwardhan Tanwar, Shilpa S Sankhe
The transfer of autologous fat has been performed since the 1890s; however, its popularity has increased owing to better understanding of fat harvesting and processing techniques. In this article, fat grafting procedure has been used to correct posttraumatic facial deformities in 25 cases. As healing of grafted fat is unpredictable, we have used longer follow-up of 2 years. Evaluation was performed using facial photographs and MRI scans. Scientific literature describes an absorption rate ranging from 20 to 90%...
June 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27104096/ear-lobule-rejuvenation-in-face-lifting-the-role-of-fat-augmentation
#19
Ziyad S Hammoudeh, Kevin Small, Jacob G Unger, Ran Stark, Rod J Rohrich
BACKGROUND: Ear lobule ptosis and deflation are characteristics of facial aging. A rhytidectomy without rejuvenation of a deflated ear lobule may fail to address all aspects of facial aging. Fillers have been used to treat ear lobule deflation; however, autologous fat transfer has never been utilized for ear lobule rejuvenation. This investigation studies the success of autologous fat transfer to the ear lobule as part of volume augmentation rhytidectomy. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent rhytidectomy between 2000 and 2014 by a single surgeon was performed...
January 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26910662/current-thoughts-on-fat-grafting-using-the-evidence-to-determine-fact-or-fiction
#20
REVIEW
Sammy Sinno, Stelios Wilson, Nicholas Brownstone, Steven M Levine
BACKGROUND: Autologous fat grafting is an increasingly popular procedure used for facial rejuvenation and body contouring. The purpose of this article is to perform an evidence-based review to determine fact from fiction for the hot topics in autologous fat grafting. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed. The following key words were then searched: "fat grafting," "autologous fat grafting," "autologous fat transfer," "lipotransfer," "liposculping," and "lipofilling...
March 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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