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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592150/atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-hospitalized-with-heart-failure-patient-characteristics-and-outcomes-from-the-hearts-registry
#1
M Ajlan, L Almazroa, Khalid F AlHabib, Abdelfatah A Elasfar, Hussam Alfaleh, Hanan Albackr, Tarek Kashour, Ahmad Hersi, Gamal A Hussein, Layth Mimish, Ali Almasood, Waleed AlHabeeb, Saleh AlGhamdi, Mubrouk Alsharari, Esmail Chakra, Asif Malik, Raza Soomro, Abdullah Ghabashi, Mushabab Al-Murayeh, Ahmed Abuosa
Effect of atrial fibrillation (AF) on short- and long-term outcomes in heart failure (HF) is controversial. Accordingly, we examined this relationship in a national multicenter project using data from the Hearts Function Assessment Registry Trial in Saudi Arabia that studied the clinical features and outcomes of patients admitted with de novo and acute on chronic HF. Out of 2593 patients with HF, 449 (17.8%) had AF at presentation. Patients with AF were more likely to be males and older (mean age 65.2 ± 15...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558774/gender-based-disparities-in-the-impact-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-adult-health-findings-from-a-national-study-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#2
Maha Almuneef, Nathalie ElChoueiry, Hassan N Saleheen, Majid Al-Eissa
BACKGROUND: Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) have been linked to an increased risk of health and social problems throughout life. Studies on gender differences from developing countries are scarce. In this paper, we will examine gender variations in the types of reported ACEs and gender-specific relationships between cumulative ACEs and physical and mental health, and Risky Health Behaviors (RHB) in adulthood in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: A cross sectional national study was conducted in all of the 13 regions in KSA in 2013 using the ACE- International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ)...
May 30, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535775/factors-influencing-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-undergoing-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-single-center-experience
#3
Mohamed F Ismail, Ahmed F El-Mahrouk, Tamer H Hamouda, Hanan Radwan, Ali Haneef, Ahmed A Jamjoom
BACKGROUND: The reported incidence of AF after CABG surgery varies from 20 to 40%, with the arrhythmia usually occurring between second and fourth postoperative days. Postoperative AF after CABG was associated with greater in-hospital mortality and worse survival at long-term follow-up. Therefore, intensive attention has focused on the prevention of AF in high-risk patients. Many perioperative factors have been suggested to increase the incidence of postoperative AF after conventional CABG...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525442/prevalence-and-determinants-of-hypertension-and-high-normal-blood-pressure-among-young-adult-saudi-females-insights-into-preventive-strategies
#4
Maha A Al-Mohaissen, Qumasha Y Al-Obaid, Wafa A AlGhamdi, Haneen S Al-Alyani, Sheima M Dahman, Nora A Al-Wahhabi, Noura M Al-Awaji, Terry Lee
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension and high normal blood pressure and their risk factors among young adult Saudi females. A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in a women's university. A questionnaire evaluated the subjects' demographic data and risk factors for hypertension and the blood pressure, height, and weight were recorded. In all, 4.1% of the participants were hypertensive and 6.2% had high normal blood pressure. Significant predictors of hypertension/high normal blood pressure were increased body mass index, increased heart rate, walking fewer days per week, and dietary factors...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469727/erratum-saudi-guidelines-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pulmonary-hypertension-pulmonary-hypertension-due-to-left-heart-disease
#5
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 47 in vol. 9.].
April 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410598/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-police-officers-in-riyadh-city-and-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease
#6
Abdullah S Alghamdi, Mohammed A Yahya, Ghedeir M Alshammari, Magdi A Osman
BACKGROUND: Despite the prevalence of overweight and obesity and increases in associated diseases such as diabetes and heart disease in the Saudi population, no studies have addressed the spread of obesity among Saudi police officers. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity and associations with biochemical parameters among the police in Riyadh. METHOD: The study involved a cross-sectional survey of 160 police officers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
April 14, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397943/anthropometric-and-central-obesity-indices-as-predictors-of-long-term-cardiometabolic-risk-among-saudi-young-and-middle-aged-men-and-women
#7
Mahmoud M A Abulmeaty, Ali M Almajwal, Najwa K Almadani, Mona S Aldosari, Ahmed A Alnajim, Saeed B Ali, Heba M Hassan, Hany A Elkatawy
To investigate the prediction of long-term cardiometabolic risk using anthropometric and central obesity parameters.  Methods: A total of 390 Saudi subjects (men 42.8%) aged 18-50 years were enrolled in a cross-sectional study in King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between August 2014 and  January 2016. All   participants were instructed to fast for 12 hours before taking blood samples for glucose and lipid panel analyses. A full anthropometric measurement and bioelectric impedance analysis was performed...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377546/high-prevalence-of-coronary-artery-calcification-in-saudi-patients-with-normal-myocardial-perfusion
#8
Ahmed L Fathala, Salwa Q Bukhari, Mohamed Shoukri, Hani El Sergani, Bandar Al-Ghamdi, Abdulaziz Al-Sugair
BACKGROUND: Normal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) has a high negative predictive value for ischemic heart disease. Thus, the presence of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis detected by coronary artery calcification (CAC) score in patients who have under-gone SPECT MPI is unknown. OBJECTIVES: Determine the prevalence of coronary artery calcification (CAC) in patients with normal SPECT MPI and examine the association of CAC with conventional coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373790/rachitic-hypocalcemic-cardiomyopathy-in-an-infant
#9
Abdelwahab T H Elidrissy, Khalid M Alharbi, Mohammed Mufid, Ibrahim AlMezeni
Cardiomyopathy in infants is characterized by heart failure in apparently normal children without previous organic cardiac lesions. Cardiomyopathy has been found to comprise four types. Rickets is common in Saudi Arabia, that is why I reviewed this subject. Recently this case with classical features of rickets being admitted in a serious state we thought of publishing it. The infant responded well to treatment and full recovery was achieved. Follow up biochemistry, radiology cardiac function completely recovered and bony abnormalities showed evidence of healing...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373783/analysis-of-three-risk-stratification-systems-in-a-saudi-population
#10
Rami Abazid, Hanna Al Saqqa, Osama Smettei
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Although there are a number of algorithms in use for determining the risk of coronary artery disease and thus predicting future cardiovascular events, the data available regarding their validity among the Saudi population are insufficient. OBJECTIVE: We studied the validity of three clinical score systems in predicting a high risk population defined as having excessive coronary calcification: the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) Pooled Cohort Risk Equation, the Framingham Risk Score, and the European Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373782/congestive-heart-failure-disease-management-program-1-year-population-experience-from-a-tertiary-center-heart-failure-registry-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Khal Salem, Dania Fallata, Maha ElSebaie, Ahmad Montasser, Khaled ElGedamy, Osama ElKhateeb
AIMS: We aimed to evaluate congestive heart failure (CHF) multidisciplinary disease management program (DMProg) impact on mortality, readmission rates, length of stay (LOS), and gender health characteristics. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a quasi-observational, pre- and post-trial with a parallel nonequivalent group. We enrolled 174 inpatients having CHF with reduced ejection fraction and New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II-IV, and a total of 197 hospital admissions...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302087/knowledge-and-attitudes-about-vitamin-d-and-behaviors-related-to-vitamin-d-in-adults-with-and-without-coronary-heart-disease-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Najlaa M Aljefree, Patricia Lee, Faruk Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is prevailing in Saudi Arabia. Recent national data indicated an inverse association between vitamin D status and coronary heart disease (CHD), which increases concerns about vitamin D deficiency as a serious public health problem. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate whether knowledge, attitudes and behaviors related to vitamin D contribute to the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among adults with and without CHD in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This case-control study consisted of 130 CHD cases and 195 matched controls...
March 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293152/risk-profile-of-coronary-heart-disease-among-the-staff-members-of-qassim-university-saudi-arabia
#13
Sultan A L Nohair, Abdulrahman A L Mohaimeed, Fawzy Sharaf, Zahid Naeem, Farid Midhet, Homaidan A L Homaidan, Sandra J Winter
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk profile of coronary heart disease (CHD) among the staff members of Qassim University and assess their knowledge in a screening campaign in Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among male and female staff at Qassim University campus. All employees of Qassim University were invited to participate in the study. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire. The study sample size was 233 staff and employees...
January 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284505/clinical-characteristics-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-results-from-the-heart-function-assessment-registry-trial-in-saudi-arabia-hearts-chronic
#14
Waleed Alhabeeb, Abdelfatah Elasfar, Hanan AlBackr, Fayez AlShaer, Ali Almasood, Hussam Alfaleh, Tarek Kashour, Ahmad Hersi, Kazi Nur Asfina, Hani Altaradi, Waleed AlShaqhaa, Fakhr Alayoubi, Khalid F AlHabib
BACKGROUND: Several registries have described patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF), but only few looked at outpatients in the ambulatory setting mostly without long-term follow-up. We sought to determine the clinical characteristics, management, and 1-year outcomes of patients with chronic HF in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Part of a prospective multicenter nationwide registry; HEart function Assessment Registry Trial in Saudi Arabia (HEARTS) and included chronic HF patients referred to four HFCs between September 2009 and December 2011...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229823/cardiovascular-complications-in-paediatric-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-saudi-arabian-patients
#15
Ahmad S Azhar, Omneyah Mohamed Awlia, Mohammed A Muzaffer
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and types of cardiovascular complications in Saudi patients with paediatric-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (pSLE). METHODS: Retrospective record review of pSLE patients following from January 2014 to September 2015 at the rheumatology clinic of King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah. Laboratory data such as C-reactive protein (CRP), antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-double stranded DNA antibody (anti-dsDNA), C3 and C4 complements, were collected...
May 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203096/burden-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-pneumonia-among-hospitalized-patients-in-lebanon-and-saudi-arabia
#16
Abdulhakeem O Althaqafi, Madonna J Matar, Rima Moghnieh, Adel F Alothman, Thamer H Alenazi, Fayssal Farahat, Shelby Corman, Caitlyn T Solem, Nirvana Raghubir, Cynthia Macahilig, Seema Haider, Jennifer M Stephens
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to describe the real-world treatment patterns and burden of suspected or confirmed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) pneumonia in Saudi Arabia and Lebanon. METHODS: A retrospective chart review study evaluated 2011-2012 data from hospitals in Saudi Arabia and Lebanon. Patients were included if they had been discharged with a diagnosis of MRSA pneumonia, which was culture proven or suspected based on clinical criteria...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203095/burden-and-treatment-patterns-of-invasive-fungal-infections-in-hospitalized-patients-in-the-middle-east-real-world-data-from-saudi-arabia-and-lebanon
#17
Adel F Alothman, Abdulhakeem O Althaqafi, Madonna J Matar, Rima Moghnieh, Thamer H Alenazi, Fayssal M Farahat, Shelby Corman, Caitlyn T Solem, Nirvana Raghubir, Cynthia Macahilig, Claudie Charbonneau, Jennifer M Stephens
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to document the burden and treatment patterns associated with invasive fungal infections (IFIs) due to Candida and Aspergillus species in Saudi Arabia and Lebanon. METHODS: A retrospective chart review study was conducted using data recorded from 2011 to 2012 from hospitals in Saudi Arabia and Lebanon. Patients were included if they had been discharged with a diagnosis of IFI due to Candida or Aspergillus, which was culture proven or suspected based on clinical criteria...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155608/helical-tomotherapy-versus-conventional-technique-for-post-mastectomy-left-sided-breast-cancer-dosimetric-study
#18
M O Alshabanah, Mohamed Hegazy, Belal Moftah, Mohammad Shabanah
METHODS AND MATERIALS: Treatment plans were generated for 5 post mastectomy left sided breast cancer patients treated at king Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, comparing three-dimensional technique with the HT planning. The prescribed dose was 50 Gy in 25 fractions; the planning target volume (chest wall and nodal volumes) was contoured according to RTOG atlas and the heart, lungs, spinal cord and contralateral breast were contoured as Organs at Risks (OARs)...
February 1, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151458/effect-of-nigella-sativa-supplementation-over-a-one-year-period-on-lipid-levels-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-receiving-oral-hypoglycemic-agents-nonrandomized-clinical-trial
#19
Ahmed Badar, Huda Kaatabi, Abdullah Bamosa, Abdulmohsen Al-Elq, Bodour Abou-Hozaifa, Fatma Lebda, Akram Alkhadra, Sameeh Al-Almaie
BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients with hypertension and dyslipidemia are at a high risk of cardiovascular complications. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of Nigella sativa supplementation on the lipid profile, mean arterial pressure, and heart rate in persons with type 2 diabetes on oral hypoglycemic agents (OHA). DESIGN: Single-blind, nonrandomized. SETTING: Diabetes clinic of a university hospital in Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Type-2 diabetic patients were recruited by purposive sampling and assigned to treatment or control at the discretion of the investigator with the patient blinded to treatment...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055233/assessment-of-patients-medical-fitness-to-drive-by-primary-care-physicians-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ghassan A Alkharboush, Faisal A Al Rashed, Ahmed H Saleem, Ibrahim S Alnajashi, Aljohara S Almeneessier, Awad H Olaish, Junaid A Bhatti, Ahmed S BaHammam
OBJECTIVES: Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) are a significant health burden in Saudi Arabia. The literature has consistently indicated that chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke, obstructive sleep apnea, and neurodevelopmental disorders, increase the risk of MVCs. Therefore, assessment of driver fitness by primary care physicians (PCPs) remains a major health intervention that might reduce MVCs. We studied the practices of PCPs in assessing medical fitness to drive in at-risk patients...
July 4, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
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