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Saudi AND heart

Ahmed A Aljohaney
OBJECTIVES: To determine the mortality rates and predictors among patients hospitalized with active tuberculosis (TB) at King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH) in Jeddah. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 291 active TB patients hospitalized in KAUH, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia from December 2011 to December 2016. Medical records were collected and evaluated using a dedicated data extraction sheet. The records included demographics, clinical, radiological, laboratory, and drug resistance data...
March 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Abdurahman H Hirad, Javed Ahmad, Abdulaziz A Alkhedhairy, Ali H Bahkali, Shams T Khan
Customary consumption of unpasteurized milk by the population in the central Najed region of Saudi Arabia may pose a health risk. Therefore, 80 camel milk samples were collected aseptically from seven different stations of Riyadh region. The biochemical and microbiological properties of these milk samples were determined. Nutrient agar and brain heart infusion agar were used to determine mesophilic aerobic counts (MACs). The MAC in each mL of milk varied from 60 to 16 × 104  CFU/mL on nutrient agar. Based on the colony morphology, 176 colonies were collected from different samples, and these isolates were de-replicated into 80 unique isolates using rep-PCR analysis...
March 2018: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Zuhair N Al-Hassnan, Waad Albawardi, Faten Almutairi, Rawan AlMass, Albandary AlBakheet, Osama M Mustafa, Laila AlQuait, Zarghuna M A Shinwari, Salma Wakil, Mustafa A Salih, Majid Al-Fayyadh, Saeed M Hassan, Mansour Aljoufan, Osima Al-Nakhli, Brynn Levy, Balsam AlMaarik, Hana A Al-Hakami, Maysoon Alsagob, Dilek Colak, Namik Kaya
Background: Quick genetic diagnosis of a patient with congenital heart disease (CHD) is quite important for proper health care and management. Copy number variations (CNV), chromosomal imbalances and rearrangements have been frequently associated with CHD. Previously, due to limitations of microscope based standard karyotyping techniques copious CNVs and submicroscopic imbalances could not be detected in numerous CHD patients. The aim of our study is to identify cytogenetic abnormalities among the selected CHD cases (n = 17) of the cohort using high density oligo arrays...
2018: Molecular Cytogenetics
Laila Alrakaf, Mohammed A Al-Owain, Maryam Busehail, Maha A Alotaibi, Dorota Monies, Hesham M Aldhalaan, Amal Alhashem, Zuhair N Al-Hassnan, Zuhair A Rahbeeni, Fathiya Al Murshedi, Nadia Al Ani, Almundher Al-Maawali, Niema A Ibrahim, Firdous M Abdulwahab, Maysoon Alsagob, Mais O Hashem, Wafaa Ramadan, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Brian F Meyer, Namik Kaya, Sateesh Maddirevula, Fowzan S Alkuraya
Temtamy syndrome is a syndromic form of intellectual disability characterized by ocular involvement, epilepsy and dysgenesis of the corpus callosum. After we initially mapped the disease to C12orf57, we noted a high carrier frequency of an ancient startloss founder mutation [c.1A>G; p.M1?] in our population, and variable phenotypic expressivity in newly identified cases. This study aims to combine 33 previously published patients with 23 who are described here for the first time to further delineate the phenotype of this syndrome...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Manal Abudawood, Hajera Tabassum, Sabah Ansar, Khalid Almosa, Samia Sobki, Mir Naiman Ali, Ali Aljohi
Diabetes is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) including stroke, coronary heart disease, and peripheral artery disease. It remains a leading cause of mortality throughout the world, affecting both women and men. This investigation was aimed to study gender based differences in cardiovascular risk factors of adult population with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to check the correlation between serum HbA1C, lipid profile and serum vitamin D levels, in T2DM patients of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Ahmad S Azhar, Zaher F Zaher, Noran M Abu-Ouf, Jameel Al-Ata, Sara Taisir A Alsheblie
Objective: To assess the implementation and efficiency of medical education among the caregivers of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) and to investigate its success factors. Material and method: A cross-sectional study was conducted from February 2014 to March 2014 in a tertiary healthcare center. Study included 120 caregivers of children with CHD visiting the Paediatric Cardiology Clinic that included 93% mothers, aged 31.72 ± 6.67 years, 38.3% Saudi citizens and 45...
January 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Faizan Mazhar, Nafis Haider, Jabeen Sultana, Shahzad Akram, Yousif Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the patterns of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) prescriptions in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients and to evaluate their suitability based on patient gastrointestinal/cardiovascular (GI/CV) risk profiles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with DM, who were seen at a primary care facility from March 1 to 31, 2016. GI risk factors, CV histories, and current medications were recorded...
February 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Alireza Ansarimoghaddam, Hosein Ali Adineh, Iraj Zareban, Sohrab Iranpour, Ali HosseinZadeh, Framanfarma Kh
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome is an important metabolic disorder which impose noticeable burden on health system. We aimed to review and imply the prevalence of it in Middle-East countries. METHODS: present study was a systematic review to present overview about metabolic disorder in Middle East. Electronic literature search of Medline database and Google scholar were done for English-language articles without time filtering, as well as for population-based or national studies of the prevalence of metabolic syndrome...
December 2, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Khalid S Al Najashi, Syed Mehdi, Shazia Mohsin, Merna Atiyah, Hafez A Abdullah, Jassim Abdulhameed, Ahmed M Al Zahrani
BACKGROUND: Fontan is a palliative procedure in patients with single ventricle. Single ventricle supports systemic cardiac output and pulmonary blood flow is passively directed to the right pulmonary artery. Women with Fontan palliation are reported to have increased maternal risk during pregnancy. There are few reports of successful pregnancies in such cases. However data on these pregnancies is lacking, we consider this to be the first reported from kingdom of Saudi Arabia. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 35-year-old woman from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia who had Fontan surgery and who had four successful pregnancies and multiple miscarriages...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Omar Mohammad Khraisat, Mahmoud Hamdan, Mohannad Ghazzawwi
BACKGROUND: Nurses are the heart of the palliative care team who provide high standards of care since they spend the longest time with patients. However, lack of adequate knowledge of palliative care is considered as one of the main obstacles to palliative care improvement. AIM: A survey was conducted to assess Saudi nursing students' knowledge about palliative care. METHODS: Using a descriptive design, 154 students who enrolled in first year and who will graduate within 1 year were surveyed in a nursing college located in Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia...
July 2017: Journal of Palliative Care
Rahila Iftikhar, Bahaa Abaalkhail
BACKGROUND: Major social networking platforms, such as Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter, have become popular means through which people share health-related information, irrespective of whether messages disseminated through these channels are authentic. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the demographic characteristics of patients that may demonstrate their attitudes toward medical information shared on social media networks. Second, we address how information found through social media affects the way people deal with their health...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Anwar E Ahmed, Yosra Z Ali, Ahmad M Al-Suliman, Jafar M Albagshi, Majid Al Salamah, Mohieldin Elsayid, Wala R Alanazi, Rayan A Ahmed, Donna K McClish, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
Introduction: High white blood cell (WBC) count is an indicator of sickle cell disease (SCD) severity, however, there are limited studies on WBC counts in Saudi Arabian patients with SCD. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of abnormal leukocyte count (either low or high) and identify factors associated with high WBC counts in a sample of Saudi patients with SCD. Methods: A cross-sectional and retrospective chart review study was carried out on 290 SCD patients who were routinely treated at King Fahad Hospital in Hofuf, Saudi Arabia...
2017: Journal of Blood Medicine
Zainab Almooosa, Gasmelseed Y Ahmed, Abeer Omran, Ayah AlSarheed, Afnan Alturki, Abdulaziz Alaqeel, Mohammed Alshehri, Tariq Alfawaz, Dayel AlShahrani
To identify predisposing factors, species distribution, antifungal susceptibility, and outcome. Methods: This study is a retrospective chart review that was conducted at a children's hospital at King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. One hundred twenty-nine children with invasive candidiasis who were admitted between January 2010 and January 2015. Results: The statistical analysis results have revealed a group of risk factors; prematurity in 37 (28.7%) of patients, low birth weight in 42 (32...
November 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
Nazmus Saquib, Juliann Saquib, Abdulrahman Alhadlag, Mohamad Anas Albakour, Bader Aljumah, Mohammed Sughayyir, Ziad Alhomidan, Omar Alminderej, Mohamed Aljaser, Abdulrahman Al-Mazrou
Objective: Saudi demographic composition has changed because of increased life expectancy and decreased fertility rates. Little data are available about health conditions among older adults in Saudi Arabia, who are expected to represent 20% of the population by 2050. The study aim was to assess the prevalence and risk factors for chronic conditions among older Saudi men. Methods: The sample pertained to 400 men (age ≥55 years) from Buraidah, Al-Qassim. Research assistants recruited participants in all the mosques from the randomly selected neighborhoods (16 of 95)...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Hanan Khalid Alotaibi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Aseel MenwerAlanazi, Omar Ayed Alanazi, Abdullah Barghash Alanazi, Mohammed Ali Alhowaish, Hussam Saeed Busays Alzahrani, Mashael Abdullah Alshammari, Rawan Fulayyih ALrashidi, Thikra Mohammed Alblowi, Sarah Jemal Alqahtani, Fatin Salem Almaashi
BACKGROUND: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients worldwide and, simultaneously, the most preventable. Studies revealed several risk factors of deep venous thrombosis in hospitalized patients. OBJECTIVE: to identify frequency and factors associated with occurrence of deep venous thrombosis among diabetic patients referred to King Abdulaziz University (KAU) Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted from June to December, 2016...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
Abdulrahman Mohammed Alhowikan, Abdullah Alfaifi, Badr Almutairi, Omar Alzamil, Muath Aleid
BACKGROUND: The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is one of the most common exercise tests and is used to estimate the level of physical fitness. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of the beat-to-beat heart rate 6MWT slope (6MWTS) and recovery slope for predicting and estimating the level of physical fitness during 6MWT, instead of depending on the distance covered during the test. METHODS: Seventy healthy adult male subjects aged 18 to 27 years were recruited randomly from the general Saudi population in Riyadh...
December 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
Abdulmajid M Almawazini, Hamdi K Hanafi, Hasan A Madkhali, Noura B Majrashi
To evaluate the effectiveness of critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) screening program for early diagnosis of cardiac anomalies in newborn infants.  Methods: This is a hospital-based prospective cross-sectional study conducted in the Pediatric and Neonatology Department, King Fahad Hospital at  Albaha, Saudi Arabia, between February 2016 and February 2017. Results: We screened 2961 (95.4%) of 3103 patients in a nursery unit; 142 (4.6%) patients were not screened. The test was positive in 114 (3.9%) patients and negative in 2847 (96...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
Areej Mohammad Al-Taweel, Mohammad Raish, Shagufta Perveen, Ghada Ahmed Fawzy, Ajaz Ahmad, Mushtaq Ahmad Ansari, Shahid Mudassar, Majid Ahmad Ganaie
BACKGROUND: Nepeta deflersiana (Lamiaceae) is a perennial herb used in the Saudi and Yemeni folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory, carminative, and antirheumatic agent. PURPOSE: This study explores the phytochemistry of the plant and the cardioprotective effect of N. deflersiana ethanolic extract (NDEE) against isoproterenol (ISP)-induced myocardial injury in rats. DESIGN/METHODS: Cardiac function, serum cardiac enzymes, myocardial antioxidants, inflammatory, and apoptotic biomarkers, and histopathological parameters were studied in ISP-injured Wistar rat heart tissues...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Mowaffaq Awad Sallam, Kamaludin Ahmed Sheikh, Ronald Baxendale, Mohammad Nurul Azam, Anwar M Hossain, Maged El-Setouhy
BACKGROUND: Khat (Catha edulis Forsk) is a natural psychoactive substance which contains two main addictive substances; Cathine and Cathinone. Khat is widely used in east Africa and southern Arabian Peninsula. Khat chewers believe that it improves work capacity and increases energy level and alertness. That is why we aimed in this study to investigate the physiological and ergogenic effects of khat extract. METHODS: This study is an experimental study conducted at the Substance Abuse Research Centre in Jazan University, Saudi Arabia...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Mothanna K AlRahabi, Ziad A Abuong
We evaluated antibiotic prescription practices during root canal treatments among general dentists in private dental clinics in Al-Madinah Al Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A self-administered, questionnaire about antibiotic used during root canal treatment was distributed to 75 randomly selected general dental practitioners working in private dental clinics in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia, between March and April 2016. The questionnaires were collected one week later. To compare results of the collected data, Chi-square test was used...
August 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
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