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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687691/side-effects-of-anabolic-steroids-used-by-athletes-at-unaizah-gyms-saudi-arabia-a-pilot-study
#1
Amer A Almaiman, Sulaiman H Almaiman, Elsayed I Elagamy, Osama Al Wutayd, Mohammed Almarzuqi, Rayyan Alzunaidi, Sami Alhatlani, Eltayeb E Eid
BACKGROUND: A large number of Saudi athletes are recently shown to use androgenic anabolic steroid (AAS) products to achieve rapid muscle growth without realizing the serious health risks of these drugs. Aim of this study was to elucidate the side effects encountered with prolonged use of AAS products by Saudi athletes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted, in which 16 regular gym members, 12 of them used AAS, were asked to answer a questionnaire and provide blood samples following current AAS course completion...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666704/practice-patterns-and-barriers-for-intravenous-thrombolysis-a-survey-of-neurologists-in-saudi-arabia
#2
Mohammed H Alanazy, Rima B Barakeh, Alanood Asiri, Maha F Edrees, Ahmad R Abuzinadah, Bandar N Aljafen, Taim Muayqil
Only a small fraction of patients with acute ischemic stroke receive intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). We sought to assess barriers and practice patterns in using IVT for acute ischemic stroke among neurologists in Saudi Arabia. An electronic survey was sent to all neurologists registered with the Saudi Commission for Health Specialties. A total of 148 (77.5%) neurologists responded. The most common reported barriers for IVT administration were delayed presentation to hospitals (82.4%) and unclear time of symptom onset (50...
2018: Neurology Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623020/atrial-fibrillation-among-adult-saudi-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-tertiary-center-experience
#3
Amjad Mohammad Alharbi, Marya Abdullah Alsuhaibani
Objective: To estimate the rate of atrial fibrillation (AF) among adult patients with chronic heart failure (HF) from Saudi Arabia, and to identify the clinical and the demographic characteristics. Methods: This study was performed using all medical records of patients registered in Prince Sultan Cardiac Center in Qassim, Saudi Arabia, and diagnosed with HF during the period from January 1, 2010 to June 30, 2014. The review process included patients diagnosed with chronic HF who were registered for follow-up during the study period...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620542/donor-specific-hla-dq-antibodies-may-contribute-to-poor-graft-outcome-after-heart-transplantation
#4
Osama Omrani, Moheeb Alawwami, Jehad Buraiki, Nedim Selimovic
BACKGROUND: HLA-DQ donor-specific antibodies (DSA) are implicated in allograft dysfunction after renal and lung transplantation. Limited data exists on the impact of HLA-DQ antibodies on heart transplant patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of DSA formation on allograft function and outcomes in heart transplant patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Collating post-transplantation patient data from computerized database in a tertiary hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from January 2006 to October 2014...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619492/effects-of-ramadan-fasting-on-the-symptoms-of-chronic-heart-failure
#5
Rami M Abazid, Hassan H Khalaf, Haitham I Sakr, Nora A Altorbak, Habiba S Alenzi, Zaki M Awad, Osama A Smettei, Moataz A Elsanan, Adel M Widyan, Ahmed S Azazy, Hassan W Chamsi-Pasha
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of Ramadan fasting on the symptoms of chronic heart failure with a reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Globally, more than one billion Muslims fast during Ramadan. Data regarding the effect of fasting in heart failure patients with a reduced ejection fraction are limited. METHODS: We prospectively studied 249 outpatients with HFrEF who undertook Ramadan fasting at tertiary care cardiac center in Saudi Arabia in 2017. We obtained information regarding the clinical assessment, diagnosis, emergency department visits, and hospitalization during and in the month preceding Ramadan...
April 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543305/mortality-of-patients-hospitalized-for-active-tuberculosis-in-king-abdulaziz-university-hospital-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#6
Ahmed A Aljohaney
OBJECTIVES: To determine the mortality rates and predictors among patients hospitalized with active tuberculosis (TB) at King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH) in Jeddah. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 291 active TB patients hospitalized in KAUH, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia from December 2011 to December 2016. Medical records were collected and evaluated using a dedicated data extraction sheet. The records included demographics, clinical, radiological, laboratory, and drug resistance data...
March 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484747/bacterial-isolates-exhibiting-multidrug-resistance-hemolytic-activity-and-high-16s-rrna-gene-similarity-with-well-known-pathogens-found-in-camel-milk-samples-of-riyadh-region
#7
Abdurahman H Hirad, Javed Ahmad, Abdulaziz A Alkhedhairy, Ali H Bahkali, Shams T Khan
Customary consumption of unpasteurized milk by the population in the central Najed region of Saudi Arabia may pose a health risk. Therefore, 80 camel milk samples were collected aseptically from seven different stations of Riyadh region. The biochemical and microbiological properties of these milk samples were determined. Nutrient agar and brain heart infusion agar were used to determine mesophilic aerobic counts (MACs). The MAC in each mL of milk varied from 60 to 16 × 104  CFU/mL on nutrient agar. Based on the colony morphology, 176 colonies were collected from different samples, and these isolates were de-replicated into 80 unique isolates using rep-PCR analysis...
March 2018: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416564/identification-of-novel-genomic-imbalances-in-saudi-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#8
Zuhair N Al-Hassnan, Waad Albawardi, Faten Almutairi, Rawan AlMass, Albandary AlBakheet, Osama M Mustafa, Laila AlQuait, Zarghuna M A Shinwari, Salma Wakil, Mustafa A Salih, Majid Al-Fayyadh, Saeed M Hassan, Mansour Aljoufan, Osima Al-Nakhli, Brynn Levy, Balsam AlMaarik, Hana A Al-Hakami, Maysoon Alsagob, Dilek Colak, Namik Kaya
Background: Quick genetic diagnosis of a patient with congenital heart disease (CHD) is quite important for proper health care and management. Copy number variations (CNV), chromosomal imbalances and rearrangements have been frequently associated with CHD. Previously, due to limitations of microscope based standard karyotyping techniques copious CNVs and submicroscopic imbalances could not be detected in numerous CHD patients. The aim of our study is to identify cytogenetic abnormalities among the selected CHD cases ( n  = 17) of the cohort using high density oligo arrays...
2018: Molecular Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383837/further-delineation-of-temtamy-syndrome-of-corpus-callosum-and-ocular-abnormalities
#9
Laila Alrakaf, Mohammed A Al-Owain, Maryam Busehail, Maha A Alotaibi, Dorota Monies, Hesham M Aldhalaan, Amal Alhashem, Zuhair N Al-Hassnan, Zuhair A Rahbeeni, Fathiya Al Murshedi, Nadia Al Ani, Almundher Al-Maawali, Niema A Ibrahim, Firdous M Abdulwahab, Maysoon Alsagob, Mais O Hashem, Wafaa Ramadan, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Brian F Meyer, Namik Kaya, Sateesh Maddirevula, Fowzan S Alkuraya
Temtamy syndrome is a syndromic form of intellectual disability characterized by ocular involvement, epilepsy and dysgenesis of the corpus callosum. After we initially mapped the disease to C12orf57, we noted a high carrier frequency of an ancient startloss founder mutation [c.1A>G; p.M1?] in our population, and variable phenotypic expressivity in newly identified cases. This study aims to combine 33 previously published patients with 23 who are described here for the first time to further delineate the phenotype of this syndrome...
March 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379353/assessment-of-gender-related-differences-in-vitamin-d-levels-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-saudi-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Manal Abudawood, Hajera Tabassum, Sabah Ansar, Khalid Almosa, Samia Sobki, Mir Naiman Ali, Ali Aljohi
Diabetes is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) including stroke, coronary heart disease, and peripheral artery disease. It remains a leading cause of mortality throughout the world, affecting both women and men. This investigation was aimed to study gender based differences in cardiovascular risk factors of adult population with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to check the correlation between serum HbA1C, lipid profile and serum vitamin D levels, in T2DM patients of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296062/determinants-of-successful-medical-education-of-caregivers-of-children-with-congenital-heart-diseases
#11
Ahmad S Azhar, Zaher F Zaher, Noran M Abu-Ouf, Jameel Al-Ata, Sara Taisir A Alsheblie
Objective: To assess the implementation and efficiency of medical education among the caregivers of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) and to investigate its success factors. Material and method: A cross-sectional study was conducted from February 2014 to March 2014 in a tertiary healthcare center. Study included 120 caregivers of children with CHD visiting the Paediatric Cardiology Clinic that included 93% mothers, aged 31.72 ± 6.67 years, 38.3% Saudi citizens and 45...
January 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208206/prospective-study-of-nsaids-prescribing-in-saudi-arabia-cardiovascular-and-gastrointestinal-risk-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Faizan Mazhar, Nafis Haider, Jabeen Sultana, Shahzad Akram, Yousif Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the patterns of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) prescriptions in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients and to evaluate their suitability based on patient gastrointestinal/cardiovascular (GI/CV) risk profiles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with DM, who were seen at a primary care facility from March 1 to 31, 2016. GI risk factors, CV histories, and current medications were recorded...
February 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203060/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-middle-east-countries-meta-analysis-of-cross-sectional-studies
#13
REVIEW
Alireza Ansarimoghaddam, Hosein Ali Adineh, Iraj Zareban, Sohrab Iranpour, Ali HosseinZadeh, Framanfarma Kh
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome is an important metabolic disorder which impose noticeable burden on health system. We aimed to review and imply the prevalence of it in Middle-East countries. METHODS: present study was a systematic review to present overview about metabolic disorder in Middle East. Electronic literature search of Medline database and Google scholar were done for English-language articles without time filtering, as well as for population-based or national studies of the prevalence of metabolic syndrome...
April 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183331/four-successful-pregnancies-in-a-patient-with-fontan-palliation-and-congenital-heart-disease-a-case-report
#14
Khalid S Al Najashi, Syed Mehdi, Shazia Mohsin, Merna Atiyah, Hafez A Abdullah, Jassim Abdulhameed, Ahmed M Al Zahrani
BACKGROUND: Fontan is a palliative procedure in patients with single ventricle. Single ventricle supports systemic cardiac output and pulmonary blood flow is passively directed to the right pulmonary artery. Women with Fontan palliation are reported to have increased maternal risk during pregnancy. There are few reports of successful pregnancies in such cases. However data on these pregnancies is lacking, we consider this to be the first reported from kingdom of Saudi Arabia. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 35-year-old woman from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia who had Fontan surgery and who had four successful pregnancies and multiple miscarriages...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153052/palliative-care-issues-and-challenges-in-saudi-arabia-knowledge-assessment-among-nursing-students
#15
Omar Mohammad Khraisat, Mahmoud Hamdan, Mohannad Ghazzawwi
BACKGROUND: Nurses are the heart of the palliative care team who provide high standards of care since they spend the longest time with patients. However, lack of adequate knowledge of palliative care is considered as one of the main obstacles to palliative care improvement. AIM: A survey was conducted to assess Saudi nursing students' knowledge about palliative care. METHODS: Using a descriptive design, 154 students who enrolled in first year and who will graduate within 1 year were surveyed in a nursing college located in Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia...
July 2017: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146568/health-seeking-influence-reflected-by-online-health-related-messages-received-on-social-media-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Rahila Iftikhar, Bahaa Abaalkhail
BACKGROUND: Major social networking platforms, such as Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter, have become popular means through which people share health-related information, irrespective of whether messages disseminated through these channels are authentic. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the demographic characteristics of patients that may demonstrate their attitudes toward medical information shared on social media networks. Second, we address how information found through social media affects the way people deal with their health...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123434/the-prevalence-of-abnormal-leukocyte-count-and-its-predisposing-factors-in-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Anwar E Ahmed, Yosra Z Ali, Ahmad M Al-Suliman, Jafar M Albagshi, Majid Al Salamah, Mohieldin Elsayid, Wala R Alanazi, Rayan A Ahmed, Donna K McClish, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
Introduction: High white blood cell (WBC) count is an indicator of sickle cell disease (SCD) severity, however, there are limited studies on WBC counts in Saudi Arabian patients with SCD. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of abnormal leukocyte count (either low or high) and identify factors associated with high WBC counts in a sample of Saudi patients with SCD. Methods: A cross-sectional and retrospective chart review study was carried out on 290 SCD patients who were routinely treated at King Fahad Hospital in Hofuf, Saudi Arabia...
2017: Journal of Blood Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114700/invasive-candidiasis-in-pediatric-patients-at-king-fahad-medical-city-in-central-saudi-arabia-a-5-year-retrospective-study
#18
Zainab Almooosa, Gasmelseed Y Ahmed, Abeer Omran, Ayah AlSarheed, Afnan Alturki, Abdulaziz Alaqeel, Mohammed Alshehri, Tariq Alfawaz, Dayel AlShahrani
To identify predisposing factors, species distribution, antifungal susceptibility, and outcome. Methods: This study is a retrospective chart review that was conducted at a children's hospital at King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. One hundred twenty-nine children with invasive candidiasis who were admitted between January 2010 and January 2015. Results: The statistical analysis results have revealed a group of risk factors; prematurity in 37 (28.7%) of patients, low birth weight in 42 (32...
November 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114188/chronic-disease-prevalence-among-elderly-saudi-men
#19
Nazmus Saquib, Juliann Saquib, Abdulrahman Alhadlag, Mohamad Anas Albakour, Bader Aljumah, Mohammed Sughayyir, Ziad Alhomidan, Omar Alminderej, Mohamed Aljaser, Abdulrahman Al-Mazrou
Objective: Saudi demographic composition has changed because of increased life expectancy and decreased fertility rates. Little data are available about health conditions among older adults in Saudi Arabia, who are expected to represent 20% of the population by 2050. The study aim was to assess the prevalence and risk factors for chronic conditions among older Saudi men. Methods: The sample pertained to 400 men (age ≥55 years) from Buraidah, Al-Qassim. Research assistants recruited participants in all the mosques from the randomly selected neighborhoods (16 of 95)...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038695/deep-venous-thrombosis-among-diabetic-patients-in-king-abdulaziz-university-kau-hospital-jeddah-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#20
Hanan Khalid Alotaibi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Aseel MenwerAlanazi, Omar Ayed Alanazi, Abdullah Barghash Alanazi, Mohammed Ali Alhowaish, Hussam Saeed Busays Alzahrani, Mashael Abdullah Alshammari, Rawan Fulayyih ALrashidi, Thikra Mohammed Alblowi, Sarah Jemal Alqahtani, Fatin Salem Almaashi
BACKGROUND: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients worldwide and, simultaneously, the most preventable. Studies revealed several risk factors of deep venous thrombosis in hospitalized patients. OBJECTIVE: to identify frequency and factors associated with occurrence of deep venous thrombosis among diabetic patients referred to King Abdulaziz University (KAU) Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted from June to December, 2016...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
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