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Saudi AND cardiology

Ahmad S Azhar
OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and effectiveness of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in monitoring transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), in comparison with conventional technique using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE).  Methods: A retrospective review of all cases of transcatheter closure of isolated ostium secundum ASDs operated from 2005 to 2015, at the Pediatric Interventional Cardiology Department, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Mohamed M Morsy, Osama O Algrigri, Sherif S Salem, Mostafa M Abosedera, Ashraf R Abutaleb, Khaled M Al-Harbi, Ibrahim S Al-Mozainy, Abdulhameed A Alnajjar, Abdelhadi M Habeb, Hany M Abo-Haded
OBJECTIVES: To to define the frequency and patterns of congenital heart disease (CHD) among children with Down syndrome (DS) in Northwest Saudi Arabia.  METHODS: We included children with confirmed DS referred to the regional pediatric cardiology unit in Madinah Maternity and Children Hospital between January 2008 and December 2013. Children were identified from the unit's data-base and the charts were reviewed retrospectively. We excluded term and preterm children with patent ducts arteriosus (PDA) and persistent foramen oval spontaneously resolved during the first 4 weeks of life...
July 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
M K Saeed
The aim of this study was to evaluate dose area product (DAP) and skin dose to patients undergoing coronary angiography (CA) and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) using GafChromic XR film at King Khalid Hospital, Najran, Saudi Arabia. The entrance skin doses (ESDs) were calculated from DAP using GafChromic XR film placed on the patients back. The mean DAP obtained for patients undergoing CA and PTCA examinations were found to be 31.4 and 74.2 Gy cm(2), respectively. The mean ESD using GafChromic XR film was found to be 0...
April 6, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Samira S Bamuhair, Ali I Al Farhan, Alaa Althubaiti, Saeed Ur Rahman, Hanan M Al-Kadri
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Information on the effect of students' class attendance on examination performance in a problem-based learning medical curriculum is limited. This study investigates the impact of different educational activities on students' academic performance in a problem-based learning curriculum. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study conducted on the cardiology block at the College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
Kamal AlGhalayini
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of hypothyroidism in a cohort of Saudi women with heart failure; to define the demographic variables associated with heart failure; and the impact of hypothyroidism on systolic function in relation to non-hypothyroidism group. METHODS: The cross-sectional cohort study was conducted at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and comprised all women diagnosed with heart failure who were seen in the Cardiology outpatients clinic between February 2010 and March 2013...
December 2015: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Andros Tofield
European Society of Cardiology representatives, including past and present ESC presidents, discussed the latest cardiology developments at the 26th Saudi Heart Association (SHA) Congress.
June 7, 2015: European Heart Journal
D Mahmood, K Jahan, K Habibullah
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) constitutes one of the major causes of deaths and disabilities, globally claiming 17.3 million lives a year. Incidence of CVD is expected to rise to 25 million by 2030, and Saudi Arabia, already witnessing a rapid rise in CVDs, is no exception. Statins are the drugs of choice in established CVDs. In the recent past, evidence was increasingly suggesting benefits in primary prevention. But over the last decade Saudi Arabia has a witnessed significant rise in CVD-related deaths. Smoking, high-fat, low-fiber dietary intake, lack of exercise, sedentary life, high blood cholesterol and glucose levels were reported as frequent CVD-risk factors among Saudis, who may therefore be considered for primary prevention with statin...
July 2015: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Owayed Al Shammeri, Randall S Stafford, Ahlam Alzenaidi, Bushra Al-Hutaly, Alaa Abdulmonem
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are at high risk of recurrent adverse cardiac events. Such risk can be diminished through a guideline-recommend optimal medical therapy (OMT), defined as adherence to appropriate antiplatelet therapy, lipid-lowering agents, beta-blockers and angio.tensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, blood pressure < 140/90 mm Hg ( < 130/80 mm Hg in diabetics and renal disease patients), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) < 2 mmol/L, smoking cessation and aerobic physical activity, and hemoglobin (Hb) A1c < 7%...
November 2014: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Abdalla N Al-Haj, Aida M Lobriguito, Ibrahim Al-Gain
A 5-y retrospective analysis of the cardiology staff eye doses was performed on 34 staff from different categories (cardiologists, nurses and technologists) at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre (KFSHRC) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. KFSHRC is a tertiary medical centre with 800-bed capacity having more than 5000 cardiac catheterisation procedures performed annually. The aim of the study is to derive staff doses to the lens of the eyes using the personal dose equivalent Hp(0.07) values from the annual TLD dose report for the years 2008-2012 and determine the category of staff with high estimated eye doses...
July 2015: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Khalid M Al-Harbi, Ibrahim S Almuzaini, Mohamed M Morsy, Nada A Abdelaziz, Alia M Al-Balawi, Atiyeh M Abdallah
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in Saudi patients. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in Saudi RHD patients. Genomic DNA was isolated from 99 RHD patients attending the Pediatric Cardiology Clinic at the Maternity and Children Hospital, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia from March 2013 to June 2014, and from 145 age- and gender-matched controls...
February 2015: Saudi Medical Journal
Anastasia S Mihailidou
The International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology was held in San Antonio (TX, USA) on 14-16 April 2014. This was the fourth meeting and had the theme 'Novel Perspectives on Clinical Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery' with sessions in heart disease, congenital heart disease, cardiac therapeutic agents, biophysics and systems biology, current research, and interventional cardiology, providing an interactive forum for discussion of science and clinical practices. Presentations by delegates from Africa, Saudi Arabia, India, China, Japan, Australia, Europe, South America, in addition to Canada and the USA, provided an opportunity for collaboration but also an appreciation of the challenges for treatment in remote locations as well as distance between health facilities...
November 2014: Future Cardiology
Roberto Ferrari
Dr Roberto Ferrari reports on the European Society of Cardiology participation at the 25th annual conference of the Saudi Heart Association in February 2014.
May 14, 2014: European Heart Journal
Saud N Al Sifri, Wael Almahmeed, Sami Azar, Osama Okkeh, Peter Bramlage, Claus Jünger, Islam Halawa, Baishali Ambegaonkar, Sameh Wajih, Philippe Brudi
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic intervention with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol-lowering agents known as statins has been demonstrated to reduce cardiovascular risk. However, many patients on statin treatment have persistent dyslipidemia and remain at a high risk of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the frequency of lipid abnormalities in patients receiving chronic statin treatment. METHODS: As part of an international, cross-sectional, observational study, DYSIS-Middle East enrolled 2,182 patients in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Saudi Arabia, Lebanon and Jordan...
2014: PloS One
Syed Shahid Habib
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to determine plasma levels of total (TFPI-T) and free (TFPI-F) tissue factor pathway inhibitor, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) in a cohort of Saudi patients with chronic stable angiographically defined coronary artery disease (CAD) and to determine its correlation with its severity. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted in the department of physiology and department of cardiology, College of Medicine, and King Khalid University Hospital and King Saud University, Riyadh...
May 2013: Oman Medical Journal
Ahmad S Azhar
CONTEXT: Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) is a severe illness with high mortality in the pediatric population. AIMS: To highlight our experience about clinical course and outcome of IDCM. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Patients' files were reviewed retrospectively for diagnosed cases of IDCM in the pediatric cardiology unit of King Abdul Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, from Jan 2003 to Jun 2011. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data about full history, clinical examination and investigations were recorded and grouped according to outcome as alive and well (group 1), alive and symptomatic (group 2) and worsened or dead (group 3)...
January 2013: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Mostafa Omaish, Samina Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
Managing cardiac diseases in an emergency department is a challenge, as it demands rapid decision-making in a life-threatening situation. This paper presents a knowledge model for clinical guideline mediated Clinical Decision Support System for Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS), targeting the ED care setting. We take a healthcare knowledge management approach to model clinical guideline using a clinical guideline ontology that is used to computerize the clinical guideline on the management of ACS, published by the American Heart Association, as a first step toward developing a clinical decision support system suitable for emergency departments at tertiary hospitals in Saudi Arabia...
2012: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Inas Babic, Maha Tulbah, Wesam Kurdi
INTRODUCTION: A chorioangioma is the most common benign tumor of the placenta. The majority of pregnancies with chorioangiomas are asymptomatic. Pregnancies with large chorioangiomas are associated with maternal and fetal complications, such as growth restriction, cardiomegaly, congestive heart failure, fetal anemia, thrombocytopenia, nonimmune hydrops and intrauterine fetal death. There are several modalities of treatment published to date with various results. Our case was the third such case report published on the successful treatment with antenatal embolization of the feeding vessel of the chorioangioma...
2012: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Awdah Al-Hazimi
The undergraduate medical curriculum in the King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, was reformed in 2002. It is integrated, organized in courses and modules, and has an increasing proportion of problem-based and self-directed learning. The new curriculum has presented the faculty and students with specific challenges. Accustomed to a traditional teacher-centred approach, and because the language of instruction is English, students needed much more support and encouragement in taking advantages of independent learning than their western counterparts would require...
2012: Medical Teacher
Inas Abdullsattar Saad
Dilated cardiomyopathy is the most common type of heart muscle disease in children with idiopathic etiology in the majority of cases. Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) is a severe illness which carries a high mortality rate in the pediatric population. In order to characterize IDCM evolution and identify prognostic predictors in our pediatric cardiology center in the western province of Saudi Arabia, 55 patients with IDCM were evaluated clinically and by echocardiography. They were followed for a minimum of one year and a maximum of four and a half years...
2007: Libyan Journal of Medicine
K M Habbab, D R Moles, S R Porter
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to determine the frequency and nature of oral manifestations secondary to use of cardiovascular drugs. METHODS: Five hundred and thirty one patients attending an adult cardiology clinic in Saudi Arabia were questioned about the occurrence of oral dryness, dysgeusia, or burning sensation and were clinically evaluated for the presence of oral mucosal or gingival disease. Data were statistically analyzed with chi-squared tests, odds ratios and Student's t-test...
November 2010: Oral Diseases
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