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Saudi AND cardiology

Khalid A Alburikan, Rayah M Asiri, Abduallah M Alhammad, Amer A Abuelizz, Ghada A Bawazeer, Mohammed H Aljawadi
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines for managing blood cholesterol were updated in November 2013. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the adherence to the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline recommendations for statin therapy in the treatment of elevated blood cholesterol in high-risk patients. DESIGN: A single-center, retrospective, observational study. SETTING: A tertiary care academic medical center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
July 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Mahmoud M A Abulmeaty, Ali M Almajwal, Najwa K Almadani, Mona S Aldosari, Ahmed A Alnajim, Saeed B Ali, Heba M Hassan, Hany A Elkatawy
To investigate the prediction of long-term cardiometabolic risk using anthropometric and central obesity parameters.  Methods: A total of 390 Saudi subjects (men 42.8%) aged 18-50 years were enrolled in a cross-sectional study in King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between August 2014 and  January 2016. All   participants were instructed to fast for 12 hours before taking blood samples for glucose and lipid panel analyses. A full anthropometric measurement and bioelectric impedance analysis was performed...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
Rami Abazid, Hanna Al Saqqa, Osama Smettei
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Although there are a number of algorithms in use for determining the risk of coronary artery disease and thus predicting future cardiovascular events, the data available regarding their validity among the Saudi population are insufficient. OBJECTIVE: We studied the validity of three clinical score systems in predicting a high risk population defined as having excessive coronary calcification: the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) Pooled Cohort Risk Equation, the Framingham Risk Score, and the European Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Sana M Al Hibshi, Rajaa M Al-Raddadi, Mansour K Assery
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of medical information discrepancies between dental and medical records of cardiac patients at AlHada Armed Forces Hospital in Taif and to identify the factors contributing to these information discrepancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study applied a descriptive retrospective medical and dental records review of a stratified proportional sample of 289 cardiac patients, which was extracted from 1154 cardiac patients who visited both the cardiology and dental clinics at the AlHada Armed Forces Hospital between 2007 and June 2012...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Abeer Fathy, Hany M Abo-Haded, Najat Al-Ahmadi, Marwa M El-Sonbaty
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Celiac disease (CD)-associated cardiologic disorders is a growing concern. However, data regarding cardiac affection in children with CD are few. This study aimed at assessing the subclinical impact of CD on the global myocardial performance in Saudi children with CD using Doppler tissue imaging (DTI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Conventional two-dimensional echocardiography was performed among 20 Saudi children with CDas well as 20 age and sex-matched healthy controls...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Ahmad S Azhar
OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and effectiveness of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in monitoring transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), in comparison with conventional technique using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE).  Methods: A retrospective review of all cases of transcatheter closure of isolated ostium secundum ASDs operated from 2005 to 2015, at the Pediatric Interventional Cardiology Department, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Mohamed M Morsy, Osama O Algrigri, Sherif S Salem, Mostafa M Abosedera, Ashraf R Abutaleb, Khaled M Al-Harbi, Ibrahim S Al-Mozainy, Abdulhameed A Alnajjar, Abdelhadi M Habeb, Hany M Abo-Haded
OBJECTIVES: To to define the frequency and patterns of congenital heart disease (CHD) among children with Down syndrome (DS) in Northwest Saudi Arabia.  METHODS: We included children with confirmed DS referred to the regional pediatric cardiology unit in Madinah Maternity and Children Hospital between January 2008 and December 2013. Children were identified from the unit's data-base and the charts were reviewed retrospectively. We excluded term and preterm children with patent ducts arteriosus (PDA) and persistent foramen oval spontaneously resolved during the first 4 weeks of life...
July 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
M K Saeed
The aim of this study was to evaluate dose area product (DAP) and skin dose to patients undergoing coronary angiography (CA) and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) using GafChromic XR film at King Khalid Hospital, Najran, Saudi Arabia. The entrance skin doses (ESDs) were calculated from DAP using GafChromic XR film placed on the patients back. The mean DAP obtained for patients undergoing CA and PTCA examinations were found to be 31.4 and 74.2 Gy cm2, respectively. The mean ESD using GafChromic XR film was found to be 0...
April 20, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Samira S Bamuhair, Ali I Al Farhan, Alaa Althubaiti, Saeed Ur Rahman, Hanan M Al-Kadri
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Information on the effect of students' class attendance on examination performance in a problem-based learning medical curriculum is limited. This study investigates the impact of different educational activities on students' academic performance in a problem-based learning curriculum. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study conducted on the cardiology block at the College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
Kamal AlGhalayini
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of hypothyroidism in a cohort of Saudi women with heart failure; to define the demographic variables associated with heart failure; and the impact of hypothyroidism on systolic function in relation to non-hypothyroidism group. METHODS: The cross-sectional cohort study was conducted at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and comprised all women diagnosed with heart failure who were seen in the Cardiology outpatients clinic between February 2010 and March 2013...
December 2015: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Andros Tofield
European Society of Cardiology representatives, including past and present ESC presidents, discussed the latest cardiology developments at the 26th Saudi Heart Association (SHA) Congress.
June 7, 2015: European Heart Journal
D Mahmood, K Jahan, K Habibullah
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) constitutes one of the major causes of deaths and disabilities, globally claiming 17.3 million lives a year. Incidence of CVD is expected to rise to 25 million by 2030, and Saudi Arabia, already witnessing a rapid rise in CVDs, is no exception. Statins are the drugs of choice in established CVDs. In the recent past, evidence was increasingly suggesting benefits in primary prevention. But over the last decade Saudi Arabia has a witnessed significant rise in CVD-related deaths. Smoking, high-fat, low-fiber dietary intake, lack of exercise, sedentary life, high blood cholesterol and glucose levels were reported as frequent CVD-risk factors among Saudis, who may therefore be considered for primary prevention with statin...
July 2015: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Owayed Al Shammeri, Randall S Stafford, Ahlam Alzenaidi, Bushra Al-Hutaly, Alaa Abdulmonem
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are at high risk of recurrent adverse cardiac events. Such risk can be diminished through a guideline-recommend optimal medical therapy (OMT), defined as adherence to appropriate antiplatelet therapy, lipid-lowering agents, beta-blockers and angio.tensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, blood pressure < 140/90 mm Hg ( < 130/80 mm Hg in diabetics and renal disease patients), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) < 2 mmol/L, smoking cessation and aerobic physical activity, and hemoglobin (Hb) A1c < 7%...
November 2014: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Abdalla N Al-Haj, Aida M Lobriguito, Ibrahim Al-Gain
A 5-y retrospective analysis of the cardiology staff eye doses was performed on 34 staff from different categories (cardiologists, nurses and technologists) at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre (KFSHRC) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. KFSHRC is a tertiary medical centre with 800-bed capacity having more than 5000 cardiac catheterisation procedures performed annually. The aim of the study is to derive staff doses to the lens of the eyes using the personal dose equivalent Hp(0.07) values from the annual TLD dose report for the years 2008-2012 and determine the category of staff with high estimated eye doses...
July 2015: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Khalid M Al-Harbi, Ibrahim S Almuzaini, Mohamed M Morsy, Nada A Abdelaziz, Alia M Al-Balawi, Atiyeh M Abdallah
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in Saudi patients. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in Saudi RHD patients. Genomic DNA was isolated from 99 RHD patients attending the Pediatric Cardiology Clinic at the Maternity and Children Hospital, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia from March 2013 to June 2014, and from 145 age- and gender-matched controls...
February 2015: Saudi Medical Journal
Anastasia S Mihailidou
The International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology was held in San Antonio (TX, USA) on 14-16 April 2014. This was the fourth meeting and had the theme 'Novel Perspectives on Clinical Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery' with sessions in heart disease, congenital heart disease, cardiac therapeutic agents, biophysics and systems biology, current research, and interventional cardiology, providing an interactive forum for discussion of science and clinical practices. Presentations by delegates from Africa, Saudi Arabia, India, China, Japan, Australia, Europe, South America, in addition to Canada and the USA, provided an opportunity for collaboration but also an appreciation of the challenges for treatment in remote locations as well as distance between health facilities...
November 2014: Future Cardiology
Roberto Ferrari
Dr Roberto Ferrari reports on the European Society of Cardiology participation at the 25th annual conference of the Saudi Heart Association in February 2014.
May 14, 2014: European Heart Journal
Saud N Al Sifri, Wael Almahmeed, Sami Azar, Osama Okkeh, Peter Bramlage, Claus Jünger, Islam Halawa, Baishali Ambegaonkar, Sameh Wajih, Philippe Brudi
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic intervention with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol-lowering agents known as statins has been demonstrated to reduce cardiovascular risk. However, many patients on statin treatment have persistent dyslipidemia and remain at a high risk of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the frequency of lipid abnormalities in patients receiving chronic statin treatment. METHODS: As part of an international, cross-sectional, observational study, DYSIS-Middle East enrolled 2,182 patients in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Saudi Arabia, Lebanon and Jordan...
2014: PloS One
Syed Shahid Habib
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to determine plasma levels of total (TFPI-T) and free (TFPI-F) tissue factor pathway inhibitor, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) in a cohort of Saudi patients with chronic stable angiographically defined coronary artery disease (CAD) and to determine its correlation with its severity. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted in the department of physiology and department of cardiology, College of Medicine, and King Khalid University Hospital and King Saud University, Riyadh...
May 2013: Oman Medical Journal
Ahmad S Azhar
CONTEXT: Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) is a severe illness with high mortality in the pediatric population. AIMS: To highlight our experience about clinical course and outcome of IDCM. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Patients' files were reviewed retrospectively for diagnosed cases of IDCM in the pediatric cardiology unit of King Abdul Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, from Jan 2003 to Jun 2011. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data about full history, clinical examination and investigations were recorded and grouped according to outcome as alive and well (group 1), alive and symptomatic (group 2) and worsened or dead (group 3)...
January 2013: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
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