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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934787/complex-regional-pain-syndrome-type-i-a-debilitating-and-poorly-understood-syndrome-possible-role-for-pulsed-electromagnetic-fields-a-narrative-review
#1
Stefania Pagani, Francesca Veronesi, Nicolo Nicoli Aldini, Milena Fini
BACKGROUND: Complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I), also called algodystrophy, is a complex syndrome characterized by limb pain, edema, allodynia, hyperalgesia and functional impairment of bone with a similar clinical picture of osteoporosis, including an increased release of various pro-inflammatory neuropeptides and cytokines. Several treatments have been proposed for CRPS-I, but due to the poor outcome of conventional drugs and the invasiveness of some techniques, expectations are now directed towards new resources that could be more effective and less invasive...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904203/three-conserved-regions-in-baculovirus-sulfhydryl-oxidase-p33-are-critical-for-enzymatic-activity-and-function
#2
Wenhua Kuang, Huanyu Zhang, Manli Wang, Ning-Yi Zhou, Fei Deng, Hualin Wang, Peng Gong, Zhihong Hu
Baculoviruses encode a conserved sulfhydryl oxidase P33, which is necessary for budded virus (BV) production and multi-nucleocapsid occlusion-derived virus (ODV) formation. Here, the structural and functional relationship of P33 was revealed by X-ray crystallography, site-directed mutagenesis, and functional analysis. Based on crystallographic characterization and structural analysis, a series of P33 mutants within three conserved regions, i.e. the active site, dimer interface, and the R127-E183 salt bridge, were constructed...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886869/immunohistochemical-study-of-arginases-1-and-2-in-the-olfactory-bulbs-of-the-korean-roe-deer-capreolus-pygargus
#3
Jeongtae Kim, Meejung Ahn, Yuna Choi, Ji-Yeon Hyeon, Taekyun Shin
Arginases are enzymes of the urea cycle that catalyze the hydrolysis of l-arginine to ornithine and urea. The enzymes are core components of the arginine-ornithine-glutamate-γ-amino butyric acid pathway of the central nervous system. In the present study, we immunohistochemically determined the localization of arginase 1 and 2 in the olfactory bulb (OB) of the roe dear (Capreolus pygargus). Reverse transcription PCR revealed that the mRNAs encoding both arginase 1 and 2 were expressed in the OB. Arginase 1 was localized to olfactory nerve axons, calcitonin gene-related peptide-positive mitral/tufted cells (excitatory neurons), and glutamate acid decarboxylase 65/67-immunopositive periglomerular cells of the main olfactory bulb...
September 5, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885796/joint-commission-releases-data-on-challenging-requirements-for-obs-practices
#4
Carlos A Pellegrini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861382/minimalist-breast-conserving-surgical-approaches-for-inferiorly-sited-cancers
#5
Mona P Tan
Contemporary data suggests that breast conservation treatment (BCT) may confer a survival advantage when compared to mastectomy. Hence, it would be logical to adopt strategies which increase eligibility of successful BCT without compromising oncologic principles or cosmetic outcome. With respect to achieving good aesthetics, inferiorly sited breast cancers pose a particular technical challenge. A vast array of techniques, collectively referred to as oncoplastic breast surgery (OBS) have been developed to minimise post treatment distortion...
August 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852854/comparative-study-of-chemical-neuroanatomy-of-the-olfactory-neuropil-in-mouse-honey-bee-and-human
#6
Irina Sinakevitch, George R Bjorklund, Jason M Newbern, Richard C Gerkin, Brian H Smith
Despite divergent evolutionary origins, the organization of olfactory systems is remarkably similar across phyla. In both insects and mammals, sensory input from receptor cells is initially processed in synaptically dense regions of neuropil called glomeruli, where neural activity is shaped by local inhibition and centrifugal neuromodulation prior to being sent to higher-order brain areas by projection neurons. Here we review both similarities and several key differences in the neuroanatomy of the olfactory system in honey bees, mice, and humans, using a combination of literature review and new primary data...
August 29, 2017: Biological Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842191/removal-of-bcg-artefact-from-concurrent-fmri-eeg-recordings-based-on-emd-and-pca
#7
Ehtasham Javed, Ibrahima Faye, Aamir Saeed Malik, Jafri Malin Abdullah
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance image (fMRI) acquisitions provide better insight into brain dynamics. Some artefacts due to simultaneous acquisition pose a threat to the quality of the data. One such problematic artefact is the ballistocardiogram (BCG) artefact. METHODS: We developed a hybrid algorithm that combines features of empirical mode decomposition (EMD) with principal component analysis (PCA) to reduce the BCG artefact...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837864/the-political-economy-of-diagnosis-related-groups
#8
Paola Bertoli, Veronica Grembi
A well-established political economic literature has shown as multi-level governance affects the inefficiency of public expenditures. Yet, this expectation has not been empirically tested on health expenditures. We provide a political economy interpretation of the variation in the prices of 6 obstetric DRGs using Italy as a case study. Italy offers a unique institutional setting since its 21 regional governments can decide whether to adopt the national DRG system or to adjust/waive it. We investigate whether the composition and characteristics of regional governments do matter for the average DRG level and, if so, why...
August 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831740/expression-of-mir-155-associated-with-toll-like-receptors-3-7-and-9-transcription-in-the-olfactory-bulbs-of-cattle-naturally-infected-with-bhv5
#9
Bruna R S M Oliveira, Flavia V Vieira, Dielson de S Vieira, Sergio E L da Silva, Roberto Gameiro, Eduardo F Flores, Tereza C Cardoso
Bovine herpesvirus 5 (BHV5) infection of young cattle is frequently associated with fatal neurological disease and, as such, represents an attractive model for studying the pathogenesis of viral-induced meningoencephalitis. Following replication in the nasal mucosa, BHV5 invades the central nervous system (CNS) mainly through the olfactory pathway. The innate immune response triggered by the host face to virus replication through the olfactory route is poorly understood. Recently, an upregulation of conserved pathogen-associated molecular pattern, as Toll-like receptors (TLRs), has been demonstrated in the CNS of BHV5 experimentally infected cows...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806690/occurrence-and-distribution-of-halogenated-flame-retardants-in-an-urban-watershed-comparison-to-polychlorinated-biphenyls-and-organochlorine-pesticides
#10
Qian Wang, Barry C Kelly
Due to restrictions on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), market demand for alternative flame retardants is projected to increase, worldwide. Information regarding the environmental behavior of these compounds is limited. The present study involved field measurements of several alternative halogenated flame retardants (HFRs), along with PBDEs and legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in surface water, bottom sediments and suspended particulate matter (SPM) within a highly urbanized watershed in Singapore...
August 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780162/in-vitro-production-of-spodoptera-exigua-multiple-nucleopolyhedrovirus-with-enhanced-insecticidal-activity-using-a-genotypically-defined-virus-inoculum
#11
Khin Nyein Chan, Saengchai Akepratumchai, Phenjun Mekvichitsaeng, Kanokwan Poomputsa
Defective virus accumulations during baculovirus passages in insect cell culture are impediments to large scale baculovirus production. A genotypically defined virus inoculum comprises of stable genotypes was proposed for production of a Thailand isolated SeMNPV in Se-UCR1 insect cells. Targeted genotypes were from wild-type SeMNPV containing naturally mixed genotypes. Plaque assays, PCR screening and XbaI restriction analysis were employed for genotype purification, genotype selection and genome analysis, respectively...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766198/factors-influencing-management-and-outcome-in-patients-with-occult-breast-cancer-with-axillary-lymph-node-involvement-analysis-of-the-national-cancer-database
#12
Lindsay K Hessler, Jason K Molitoris, Paula Y Rosenblatt, Emily C Bellavance, Elizabeth M Nichols, Katherine H R Tkaczuk, Steven J Feigenberg, Soren M Bentzen, Susan B Kesmodel
BACKGROUND: Occult breast cancer (OBC) is rare and optimal local-regional (LR) management has not been defined. Using a patient registry database, we examine factors associated with treatment and outcomes in OBC. METHODS: Female patients with cT0 N1/2 M0 BC were selected from the National Cancer Database (2004-2013) and categorized into four treatment groups: MAST = mastectomy with axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) ± radiation (RT); RT + ALND = RT with ALND, no breast surgery; ALND = ALND alone; OBS = no breast surgery, RT, or ALND...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750003/chrysodeixis-chalcites-nucleopolyhedrovirus-chchnpv-natural-occurrence-and-efficacy-as-a-biological-insecticide-on-young-banana-plants-in-greenhouse-and-open-field-conditions-on-the-canary-islands
#13
Ernesto Gabriel Fuentes, Estrella Hernández-Suárez, Oihane Simón, Trevor Williams, Primitivo Caballero
Chrysodeixis chalcites, an important pest of banana crops on the Canary Islands, is usually controlled by chemical insecticides. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the most prevalent isolate of the Chrysodeixis chalcites nucleopolyhedrovirus (ChchNPV, Baculoviridae) as a biological insecticide. Overall the prevalence of ChchNPV infection in C. chalcites populations was 2.3% (103 infected larvae out of 4,438 sampled), but varied from 0-4.8% on Tenerife and was usually low (0-2%) on the other islands...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730638/plasma-pharmacokinetics-of-quinocetone-in-ducks-after-oral-and-intravenous-administration
#14
M Qiu, Z Hao, R Zhang, L Cui, C Wang, S Qu, S Yuan, Y Bai
Quinocetone (QCT), an antimicrobial growth promoter, is widely used in food-producing animals. However, information about pharmacokinetics (PK) of QCT in ducks still remains unavailable up to now. In this study, QCT and its major metabolites (1-desoxyquinocetone, di-desoxyquinocetone and 3-methyl-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic) in ducks were studied using a simple and sensitive UHPLC-MS/MS assay. Twenty ducks were divided into two groups. (n = 10/group). One group received QCT by oral administration at dose of 40 mg/kg while another group received QCT intravenously at 10 mg/kg...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729768/neck-observation-versus-elective-neck-dissection-in-management-of-clinical-t1-2n0-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-retrospective-study-of-232-patients
#15
Xiangqi Liu, Xiaomei Lao, Lizhong Liang, Sien Zhang, Kan Li, Guiqing Liao, Yujie Liang
OBJECTIVE: The management of early-stage (cT1/2N0) oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remains a controversial issue. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of neck observation (OBS) and elective neck dissection (END) in treating patients with cT1/2N0 OSCC. METHODS: A total of 232 patients with cT1/2N0 OSCC were included in this retrospective study. Of these patients, 181 were treated with END and 51 with OBS. The survival curves of 5-year overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates were plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method for each group, and compared using the Log-rank test...
June 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700125/optical-assessment-of-mammographic-breast-density-by-a-12-wavelength-versus-a-continuous-spectrum-optical-spectroscopy-device
#16
E Jane Walter, Lothar Lilge
A 12-laser-wavelength, fixed source-detector position, cup-based optical breast spectroscopy (OBS) device was developed for use in large-scale, multi-center trials as a mammographic breast density (MBD) quantification and breast cancer risk pre-screening tool. In this study, the device was evaluated in comparison with a spectrometer-based device used in previous studies. The devices were compared on their ability to predict mammographic percent density (MPD) and to identify women with high MBD from optical spectra...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691951/fatal-self-poisoning-with-massive-propranolol-ingestion-in-a-young-male-physician
#17
Supawon Srettabunjong
Suicidal intoxication from massive propranolol ingestion is rare. Surprisingly, no reported cases have involved physicians. The author herein reports a case of self-poisoning death due to ingestion of propranolol by a young male physician. A 31-year-old man with major depressive disorder was found dead in his dormitory room. Fifteen empty packages, each having contained ten 40-mg propranolol tablets, were found without any tablets leftover in his room. A suicide note was also found in his room. He was thus alleged to have ingested 6 g of propranolol for self-poisoning...
September 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686065/behaviours-of-concern-following-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-in-individuals-living-in-the-community
#18
A J Hicks, K R Gould, M Hopwood, J Kenardy, I Krivonos, J L Ponsford
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Behaviours of Concern (BoC) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) have a significant negative impact on the daily functioning and quality of life for the individual and their family. However, there has been limited research examining the nature and severity of BoC beyond the acute recovery period, including the perspective of the individual with TBI as well as close others (COs). METHODS AND PROCEDURE: Eighty-nine individuals with predominantly severe TBI, at a mean of 11...
July 7, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677806/%C3%AE-2-antiplasmin-modulates-bone-formation-by-negatively-regulating-osteoblast-differentiation-and-function
#19
Yosuke Kanno, Akira Ishisaki, Hiromi Kuretake, Chihiro Maruyama, Ayaka Matsuda, Osamu Matsuo
α2-antiplasmin (α2AP) is known to be a physiological inhibitor of plasmin. Previously, we showed that α2AP displays various functions, such as promotion of extracellular matrix production, cell growth, and cell differentiation that are not promoted by its function as a plasmin inhibitor. We herein investigated the role of α2AP in bone formation by examining calcein incorporation after its injection in α2AP-deficient mice. We found that α2AP deficiency enhanced the bone formation rate in mice. We also found that the osteocalcin expression and alkaline phosphatase activity were elevated in the femur and serum of the α2AP-deficient mice...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675999/subduing-the-green-eyed-monster-bridging-the-psychopharmacological-and-psychosocial-treatment-perspective-in-understanding-pathological-jealousy
#20
Farah Deena Abdul Samad, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Marhani Midin, Nurul Hazwani Hatta
Human being is not spared from a broad-ranged emotional state, including being jealous. Jealousy has both affective-cognitive and behavioural-evaluative dimension where the person perceives, or experiences a real threat on a valued relationship. As this complex emotion becomes irrational and not amenable to reason, it later transforms into a dangerously 'green-eyed monster'. This perilous situation which is viewed as pathological jealousy is a form of delusion, which is maintained by a fixed and false reasoning in an originally entrusted intimate relationship...
July 4, 2017: Current Drug Targets
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