Read by QxMD icon Read


M A Hossain, R K Karmoker, M S Rahman, H O Rashid, S H Khan, M A Rahman
Eclampsia is a common problem in pregnancy in Bangladesh. It is a severe form of preeclampsia which affects 5 to 7% of pregnancies is a significant cause of maternal & neonatal morbidity & mortality. Pre-eclampsia when complicated with generalized tonic-clonic convulsions and/or coma is called eclampsia. The term eclampsia is derived from a Greek word, meaning "like a flash of lightening". It may occur quite abruptly, without any warning manifestations. Eclampsia is a major cause of maternal mortality & morbidity as well as foetal loss worldwide, particularly in the third world...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
M C Acconcia, Q Caretta, F Romeo, M Borzi, M A Perrone, D Sergi, F Chiarotti, C M Calabrese, A Sili Scavalli, C Gaudio
OBJECTIVE: Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is the device most commonly investigated in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Recently meta-analyses on this topic showed opposite results: some complied with the actual guideline recommendations, while others did not, due to the presence of bias. We investigated the reasons for the discrepancy among meta-analyses and strategies employed to avoid the potential source of bias. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Scientific databases were searched for meta-analyses of IABP support in AMI complicated by CS...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Laura N Anderson, Julia A Knight, Rayjean J Hung, Sheryl L Hewko, Ryan A Seeto, Mary-Jean Martin, Alison Fleming, Jonathon L Maguire, Stephen G Matthews, Kellie E Murphy, Nan Okun, Jennifer M Jenkins, Stephen J Lye, Alan Bocking
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and early childhood represent critical periods that impact health throughout the life-course. The Ontario Birth Study (OBS) is a pregnancy cohort study designed as a platform for research on pregnancy complications, maternal and infant health, and the developmental origins of health and disease. METHODS: Pregnant women <17 weeks gestational age were recruited between 2013 and 2015 from antenatal clinics at Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Canada...
May 11, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
James Jam Jolly, Kok-Yong Chin, Mohd Fozi Nur Farhana, Ekram Alias, Kien Hui Chua, Wan Nuraini Wan Hasan, Soelaiman Ima-Nirwana
Osteoblasts (OBs) and osteoclasts (OCs) are 2 major groups of bone cells. Their cell-to-cell interactions are important to ensure the continuity of the bone-remodeling process. Therefore, the present study was carried out to optimize an OB/OC co-culture system utilizing the human OB cell line hFOB 1.19 and OCs extracted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs). It was a 2-step procedure, involving the optimization of the OB culture and the co-culture of the OBs with PBMNCs at an optimum ratio. Firstly, pre-OBs were cultured to 90% confluency and the time required for differentiation was determined...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Junwei Zhang, M Naseer Akhtar, P Matthijs Bal, Yajun Zhang, Usman Talat
Research on high-performance work systems (HPWS) has suggested that a potential disconnection may exist between organizational-level HPWS and employee experienced HPWS. However, few studies have identified factors that are implied within such a relationship. Using a sample of 397 employees, 84 line managers, and 21 HR executives in China, we examined whether line managers' goal congruence can reduce the difference between organizational-level HPWS and employee experienced HPWS. Furthermore, this study also theorized and tested organization-based self-esteem (OBSE) as a mediator in the associations between employee experienced HPWS and job performance and job satisfaction...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Javier Pizones, Mar Pérez Martín-Buitrago, José Miguel Sánchez Márquez, Nicomedes Fernández-Baíllo, Montserrat Baldan-Martin, Francisco Javier Sánchez Pérez-Grueso
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative analysis. OBJECTIVE: Study early-onset scoliosis (EOS) graduated patients to establish founded criteria for graduation decision making and determine the risks and benefits of definitive fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: EOS is treated by growth-friendly techniques until skeletal maturity. Afterwards, patients can be "graduated," either by definitive fusion (posterior spinal fusion [PSF]) or by retaining the previous implants (Observation) with no additional surgery...
May 2018: Spine Deformity
Hiroko Nishida
Osteolytic bone disease, characterized by bone pain, increased risk of pathologic fractures, tumor-induced hypercalcemia known as skeletal-related events (SREs), is a frequent complication of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and persists even in the absence of active disease, resulting in a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The interaction between myeloma cells and their surrounding cells in the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment promotes both myeloma cell growth and bone destruction and forms the vicious cycle of MM bone disease...
March 2, 2018: Hematology Reports
Marina Bolzoni, Denise Toscani, Federica Costa, Emanuela Vicario, Franco Aversa, Nicola Giuliani
The relationship between bone and immune cells is well established both in physiological and pathological conditions. Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell malignancy characterized by an increase of number and activity of osteoclasts (OCLs) and a decrease of osteoblasts (OBs). These events are responsible for bone lesions of MM patients. OCLs support MM cells survival in vitro and in vivo. Recently, the possible role of OCLs as immunosuppressive cells in the MM BM microenvironment has been underlined. OCLs protect MM cells against T cell-mediated cytotoxicity through the expression of several molecules including programmed death-ligand (PD-L) 1, galectin (Gal) 9, CD200, and indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO)...
April 24, 2018: Immunology Letters
Deniz Sahin, Sevket Onur Taflan, Gizem Yartas, Hassan Ashktorab, Duane T Smoot
Background: Gastric cancer is the second most common cancer among the malign cancer types. Inefficiency of traditional techniques both in diagnosis and therapy of the disease makes the development of alternative and novel techniques indispensable. As an alternative to traditional methods, tumor specific targeting small peptides can be used to increase the efficiency of the treatment and reduce the side effects related to traditional techniques. The aim of this study is screening and identification of individual peptides specifically targeted to human gastric cancer cells using a phage-displayed peptide library and designing specific peptide sequences by using experimentally-eluted peptide sequences...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
David T Bilton
Parhydraena d'Orchymont, 1937 currently includes 19 species, 17 of which are endemic to South Africa (Perkins 2009; Bilton 2014). Most species of the genus are fully aquatic, but a few, together with members of other genera of Parhydraenini, occupy moist habitats rich in organic debris (Perkins 2009). These so-called humicolous habitats (Perkins Balfour-Browne 1994) occur both beside water and elsewhere, and have been colonised a number of times by primarily aquatic hydraenid lineages, particularly in Africa and Australasia (e...
February 7, 2018: Zootaxa
Uthra Rajamani, Andrew R Gross, Brooke E Hjelm, Adolfo Sequeira, Marquis P Vawter, Jie Tang, Vineela Gangalapudi, Yizhou Wang, Allen M Andres, Roberta A Gottlieb, Dhruv Sareen
The hypothalamus contains neurons that integrate hunger and satiety endocrine signals from the periphery and are implicated in the pathophysiology of obesity. The limited availability of human hypothalamic neurons hampers our understanding of obesity disease mechanisms. To address this, we generated human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) from multiple normal body mass index (BMI; BMI ≤ 25) subjects and super-obese (OBS) donors (BMI ≥ 50) with polygenic coding variants in obesity-associated genes...
April 6, 2018: Cell Stem Cell
Elodie Anne Pérès, Olivier Etienne, Antoine Grigis, Fawzi Boumezbeur, François Dominique Boussin, Denis Le Bihan
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy is widely used for the treatment of brain tumors, but it may lead to severe cognitive impairments. Previous studies have shown that ionizing irradiation induces demyelination, blood-brain barrier alterations, and impaired neurogenesis in animal models. Hence, noninvasive and sensitive biomarkers of irradiation injury are needed to investigate these effects in patients and improve radiation therapy protocols. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The heads of 3-month-old male C57BL/6RJ mice (15 control mice and 15 irradiated mice) were exposed to radiation doses of 3 fractions of 5 Gy from a 60 Co source with a medical irradiator...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Valerie E Fleischauer, Salvador B Muñoz Iii, Peter G N Neate, William W Brennessel, Michael L Neidig
While iron-NHC catalysed cross-couplings have been shown to be effective for a wide variety of reactions ( e.g. aryl-aryl, aryl-alkyl, alkyl-alkyl), the nature of the in situ formed and reactive iron species in effective catalytic systems remains largely undefined. In the current study, freeze-trapped Mössbauer spectroscopy, and EPR studies combined with inorganic synthesis and reaction studies are utilised to define the key in situ formed and reactive iron-NHC species in the Kumada alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling of (2-(1,3-dioxan-2-yl)ethyl)magnesium bromide and 1-iodo-3-phenylpropane...
February 21, 2018: Chemical Science
William A Abdu, Olivia A Sacks, Anna N A Tosteson, Wenyan Zhao, Tor D Tosteson, Tamara S Morgan, Adam Pearson, James N Weinstein, Jon D Lurie
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized trial with a concurrent observational cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To compare eight-year outcomes between surgery and nonoperative care and among different fusion techniques for symptomatic lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical treatment of DS has been shown to be more effective than nonoperative treatment out to four years. This study sought to further determine the long-term (8-year) outcomes. METHODS: Surgical candidates with DS from thirteen centers with at least twelve weeks of symptoms and confirmatory imaging were offered enrollment in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) or observational cohort study (OBS)...
April 12, 2018: Spine
Z-L Xue, Y-L Meng, J-H Ge
OBJECTIVE: Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays a role in upregulating expression of osteoblast (OB) specific transcriptional factor Osterix and promoting OB differentiation. It was shown that the elevation of the miR-132 level was associated with sclerotizing inhibition. Bioinformatics analysis revealed the complementary binding site between miR-132 and 3'-UTR of β-catenin. This study investigated the influence of miR-214 in regulating β-catenin expression and differentiation of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) into OB...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Keiko Tsuruta, Jörg T Wennmann, Yasuhisa Kunimi, Maki N Inoue, Madoka Nakai
A granulovirus (GV) that produces occlusion bodies (OBs) having an unusual morphology was found in an Adoxophyes sp. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) larva in a tea field in Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. This isolate is considered to be a mutant of Adoxophyes orana granulovirus, designated AdorGV-M, because the nucleotide sequence of its genome is 99.7% identical to that of an English isolate of AdorGV, AdorGV-E. AdorGV-E produces typical ovocylindrical OBs that contain one occlusion-derived virus (ODV) per OB. On the other hand, AdorGV-M produces large cuboidal OBs, but the number of ODVs per OB was unknown...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Sabrina Ehnert, Martijn van Griensven, Marina Unger, Hanna Scheffler, Karsten Falldorf, Anne-Kristin Fentz, Claudine Seeliger, Steffen Schröter, Andreas K Nussler, Elizabeth R Balmayor
Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (Ad-MSCs) have been proposed as suitable option for cell-based therapies to support bone regeneration. In the bone environment, Ad-MSCs will receive stimuli from resident cells that may favor their osteogenic differentiation. There is recent evidence that this process can be further improved by extremely low frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields (ELF-PEMFs). Thus, the project aimed at (i) investigating whether co-culture conditions of human osteoblasts (OBs) and Ad-MSCs have an impact on their proliferation and osteogenic differentiation; (ii) whether this effect can be further improved by repetitive exposure to two specific ELF-PEMFs (16 and 26 Hz); (iii) and the effect of these ELF-PEMFs on human osteoclasts (OCs)...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Hiroyuki Hikida, Ryuhei Kokusho, Jun Kobayashi, Toru Shimada, Susumu Katsuma
Lepidopteran nucleopolyhedroviruses have distinct viral tissue tropisms in host larvae. We previously identified the Bm8 gene of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV), the product of which inhibits viral propagation in the middle silk gland (MSG). However, it is unknown whether this inhibitory function of the Bm8 protein is specific to MSGs. Here we generated a Bm8-disrupted recombinant BmNPV expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) and examined viral propagation in B. mori cultured cells and larvae. We found that Bm8-disrupted BmNPV produced fewer budded viruses and more occlusion bodies (OBs) than the wild-type virus in both cultured cells and larvae...
March 21, 2018: Virus Research
B I R Dhladhla, P Mwanza, M E Lee, S Moore, G B Dealtry
Enumeration techniques were compared for quantification of the South African isolate of Cryptophlebia leucotreta granulovirus (CrleGV-SA), used as a biopesticide to control false codling moth (Thaumatotibia leucotreta), an insect pest of various fruits and nuts, including citrus. The routine enumeration method for CrleGV-SA virus particles in experimentation and production of CrleGV-SA biopesticides is dark field microscopy. This method was compared with spectrophotometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Virological Methods
Ida Kappel Buhl, Eric Santoni-Rugiu, Jesper Ravn, Anker Hansen, Ib Jarle Christensen, Thomas Jensen, Bruce Pratt, Jon Askaa, Peter Buhl Jensen, Steen Knudsen, Jens Benn Sørensen
INTRODUCTION: Effective predictive biomarkers for selection of patients benefiting from adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are needed. Based on a previously validated methodology, molecular profiles of predicted sensitivity in two patient cohorts are presented. METHODS: The profiles are correlations between in vitro sensitivity to cisplatin and vinorelbine and baseline mRNA expression of the 60 cell lines in the National Cancer Institute panel...
2018: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"