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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323578/anxiety-and-its-correlates-among-young-adults-with-a-history-of-parental-cancer
#1
Christina A Metcalf, Joanna J Arch, Joseph A Greer
PURPOSE: We assessed whether experiencing parental cancer during childhood was associated with anxiety levels during young adulthood-and whether parental survival status moderated anxiety or related psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: Young adults who experienced parental cancer during their childhood (n = 68) and those who did not (n = 298) completed measures of current anxiety and family functioning. The parental cancer group completed measures of social support and life changes during the parental cancer and posttraumatic growth...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318375/fracture-strength-of-standard-and-small-diameter-prosthetic-abutments-for-full-arch-implant-supported-restorations
#2
Bruno Costa Martins de Sá, Augusto Ricardo Andrighetto, Sérgio Rocha Bernardes, Rodrigo Tiossi
The fracture strength of prosthetic abutments with different sizes and combinations to support a 5 implant milled framework with distal extension was tested. Prosthetic abutments with different dimensions (4.8 mm diameter mini-conical abutment and 3.5 mm diameter micro-conical abutment) were screwed to 5 threaded implants. The following groups were divided (n=3): G1 with 5 mini-conical abutments (standard size), G2 with 5 micro-conical abutments (small sized), G3 with a combination of 3 small sized abutments and 2 standard sized abutments, and G4 with a combination of 2 small sized abutments and 3 standard sized abutments...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317556/skull-5-from-dmanisi-descriptive-anatomy-comparative-studies-and-evolutionary-significance
#3
G Philip Rightmire, Marcia S Ponce de León, David Lordkipanidze, Ann Margvelashvili, Christoph P E Zollikofer
A fifth hominin skull (cranium D4500 and mandible D2600) from Dmanisi is massively constructed, with a large face and a very small brain. Traits documented for the first time in a basal member of the Homo clade include the uniquely low ratio of endocranial volume to basicranial width, reduced vertex height, angular vault profile, smooth nasal sill coupled with a long and sloping maxillary clivus, elongated palate, and tall mandibular corpus. The convex clivus and receding symphysis of skull 5 produce a muzzle-like form similar to that of Australopithecus afarensis...
March 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317554/chimpanzee-and-human-midfoot-motion-during-bipedal-walking-and-the-evolution-of-the-longitudinal-arch-of-the-foot
#4
Nicholas B Holowka, Matthew C O'Neill, Nathan E Thompson, Brigitte Demes
The longitudinal arch of the human foot is commonly thought to reduce midfoot joint motion to convert the foot into a rigid lever during push off in bipedal walking. In contrast, African apes have been observed to exhibit midfoot dorsiflexion following heel lift during terrestrial locomotion, presumably due to their possession of highly mobile midfoot joints. This assumed dichotomy between human and African ape midfoot mobility has recently been questioned based on indirect assessments of in vivo midfoot motion, such as plantar pressure and cadaver studies; however, direct quantitative analyses of African ape midfoot kinematics during locomotion remain scarce...
March 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300009/prenatal-diagnosis-of-aortopulmonary-window-associated-with-aberrant-subclavian-artery
#5
Adetola F Louis-Jacques, Sarah Obican, Thieu Nguyen, Anthony Odibo
Aortopulmonary window is a rare cardiac developmental anomaly characterised by a communication between the ascending aorta and the pulmonary artery. Aortopulmonary window may be isolated or associated with cardiac defects such as ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, interrupted aortic arch, and tetralogy of Fallot. We report a case of aortopulmonary window associated with aberrant subclavian artery based on fetal two-dimensional echocardiogram. The mother was referred for fetal echocardiography because of multiple fetal anomalies...
March 16, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271287/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-a-transdiagnostic-behavioral-intervention-for-mental-health-and-medical-conditions
#6
REVIEW
Lilian Dindo, Julia R Van Liew, Joanna J Arch
Psychological interventions have a long history of successful treatment of patients suffering from mental health and certain medical conditions. At the same time, psychotherapy research has revealed key areas of growth for optimizing patient care. These include identifying novel treatment delivery methods that increase treatment adherence, developing new strategies to more effectively address the ever-growing population of patients with comorbid conditions, and elucidating the mechanisms by which effective treatments work in order to further refine their design...
March 7, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270115/genetic-affinities-among-the-historical-provinces-of-romania-and-central-europe-as-revealed-by-an-mtdna-analysis
#7
Relu Cocoş, Sorina Schipor, Montserrat Hervella, Petru Cianga, Roxana Popescu, Claudia Bănescu, Mihai Constantinescu, Alina Martinescu, Florina Raicu
BACKGROUND: As a major crossroads between Asia and Europe, Romania has experienced continuous migration and invasion episodes. The precise routes may have been shaped by the topology of the territory and had diverse impacts on the genetic structure of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in historical Romanian provinces. We studied 714 Romanians from all historical provinces, Wallachia, Dobrudja, Moldavia, and Transylvania, by analyzing the mtDNA control region and coding markers to encompass the complete landscape of mtDNA haplogroups...
March 7, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262284/flow-mixing-during-peripheral-veno-arterial-extra-corporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-simulation-study
#8
M C Stevens, F M Callaghan, P Forrest, P G Bannon, S M Grieve
Peripheral veno-arterial extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an artificial circulation that supports patients with severe cardiac and respiratory failure. Differential hypoxia during ECMO support has been reported, and it has been suggested that it is due to the mixing of well-perfused retrograde ECMO flow and poorly-perfused antegrade left ventricle (LV) flow in the aorta. This study aims to quantify the relationship between ECMO support level and location of the mixing zone (MZ) of the ECMO and LV flows...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257426/effects-of-different-medial-arch-support-heights-on-rearfoot-kinematics
#9
Gunnar Wahmkow, Michael Cassel, Frank Mayer, Heiner Baur
BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are usually assumed to be effective by optimizing mechanically dynamic rearfoot configuration. However, the effect from a foot orthosis on kinematics that has been demonstrated scientifically has only been marginal. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of different heights in medial arch-supported foot orthoses on rear foot motion during gait. METHODS: Nineteen asymptomatic runners (36±11years, 180±5cm, 79±10kg; 41±22km/week) participated in the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257223/limitless-possibilities-with-full-arch-zirconia-monolithic-hybrid-restorations
#10
Pinhas Adar
Although technology continues to profoundly change dentistry, the human touch and human intelligence remain the defining forces in the final outcome to create beautiful teeth. Dental professionals ask patients to rely on their expertise, making it incumbent on the dental team to understand the materials in use. The author explores how to leverage the technological advancements with the uniqueness of the dental professional's personal touch to create implant-supported solid zirconia hybrid restorations. The tips and strategies shared in this article will enhance both efficiency and predictability...
March 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246595/fixed-full-arches-supported-by-tapered-implants-with-knife-edge-thread-design-and-nanostructured-calcium-incorporated-surface-a-short-term-prospective-clinical-study
#11
Soheil Bechara, Algirdas Lukosiunas, Giorgio Andrea Dolcini, Ricardas Kubilius
Purpose. To evaluate implant survival, peri-implant bone loss, and complications affecting fixed full-arch (FFA) restorations supported by implants with a knife-edge thread design and nanostructured, calcium-incorporated surface. Methods. Between January 2013 and December 2015, all patients referred for implant-supported FFA restorations were considered for enrollment in this study. All patients received implants with a knife-edge thread design and nanostructured calcium-incorporated surface (Anyridge®, Megagen, South Korea) were restored with FFA restorations and enrolled in a recall program...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242408/a-rare-entity-traumatic-thoracic-aortic-injury-in-a-patient-with-aberrant-right-subclavian-artery
#12
Hiten Mohanbhai Patel, Shubhabrata Banerjee, Shahzad Bulsara, Tapish Sahu, Virender K Sheorain, Tarun Grover, Rajiv Parakh
BACKGROUND: Aberrant right subclavian artery is an uncommon entity incidence ranging from 0.5-2.5%. Management of thoracic aortic injury in the presence of such anomalies can be a challenge. We present here a case of traumatic aortic injury which was incidentally found to have an asymptomatic aberrant right subclavian artery. The patient was managed by an endovascular repair of thoracic aortic injury with an endograft and a right carotid to subclavian artery bypass as a hybrid procedure...
February 24, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216849/assessment-of-implant-stability-during-various-stages-of-healing-placed-immediately-following-extraction-in-an-overdenture-situation
#13
Ashwin Thomas Koshy, T Aby Mathew, Nicholas Mathew, Angel Mary Joseph
To assess the implant stability during different stages of healing in an immediate loaded implant soon after extraction. A 73-year-old female came with a chief complaint of bad smell and irritation in her lower front gum region. On examination, she was found to be completely edentulous in the maxillary arch and partially edentulous in the mandibular arch with only the canines present bilaterally. The posterior mandibular ridge was severely resorbed and hence could not be treated with a conventional mandibular complete denture...
January 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198638/the-relationship-between-arch-height-and-arch-flexibility-a-proposed-arch-flexibility-classification-system-for-the-description-of-multi-dimensional-foot-structure
#14
Rebecca Avrin Zifchock, Christal Theriot, Howard J Hillstrom, Jinsup Song, Michael Neary
BACKGROUND: The correlation between arch structure and injury may be related to the fact that foot structure influences foot function. Foot structure is often defined by arch height, although arch flexibility may be just as important to form a more complete description. We propose an arch flexibility classification system, analogous to arch height classification, and then use the classification system to examine the relationship between arch flexibility and arch height. METHODS: Arch height index was calculated in 1,124 incoming military cadets, of whom 1,056 had usable data...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157747/cardioembolic-stroke
#15
Cumara B O'Carroll, Kevin M Barrett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardioembolic stroke is common and disproportionately more disabling than nonembolic mechanisms of stroke. Its incidence is expected to rise because of the age-related incidence of atrial fibrillation and an aging population. This article summarizes the different causes of cardioembolism and outlines current management guidelines. RECENT FINDINGS: Since cardioembolic stroke is not a single disease entity, its diagnosis requires initial clinical suspicion and a comprehensive evaluation, including ECG, echocardiography, brain imaging, and cardiac monitoring...
February 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147486/validation-of-a-multiparametric-high-content-screening-assay-for-predictive-investigative-cytotoxicity-evidence-from-technology-transfer-studies-and-literature-review
#16
Peter James O'Brien, Anna Edvardsson
A multiparametric, live-cell, high-content-screening (HCS) cytotoxicity assay was first demonstrated in 2006 ( Arch. Toxicol. 2006 , 80 , 580 - 604 ) to be highly concordant with human hepatotoxicity, including idiosyncratic hepatotoxicities and other target organ toxicities in contrast to historical assays. The success of the assay was attributed to its simultaneous measurement of multiple appropriate "cytobiomarkers": use of human cells with xenometabolic competence for toxicities mediated by metabolites, 72 h exposure to enable expression of slower-acting toxicants, exposure to a wide-range of concentrations from 30- to 100-fold the efficacious concentration, and normalizing the in vitro cytotoxic concentration to an estimate of the in vivo concentration of exposure...
February 22, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144174/an-early-record-of-meloidogyne-fallax-from-ireland
#17
Olivera Topalović, John F Moore, Toon Janssen, Wim Bert, Gerrit Karssen
Root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp., cause huge economic losses worldwide. Currently, three Meloidogyne spp. are present on the quarantine A2 list of EPPO, Meloidogyne chitwoodi, Meloidogyne fallax and Meloidogyne enterolobii. As a quarantine organism, Meloidogyne fallax has been detected in England and Northern Ireland on sport turf in 2011, and in England on leek in 2013. However, its presence in Ireland has probably been overlooked since 1965, when Mr. John F. Moore and Dr. Mary T. Franklin had detected a new Meloidogyne species for that time...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128816/-haloperidol-poisoning-in-pediatric-patients
#18
Julio César López-Valdés
Exposing a child to a potentially toxic substance is an uncommon cause of consultation in childhood. Poisoning by drugs in this age group is commonly due to improper administration by parents or error in dosage by the doctor; also ingestion at own initiative, i.e. self-poisoning. CASE REPORT: A 11 years-old male, drowsy, unresponsive, with bradypsychia, assisted ambulation without increased support arch, resting tremor; obeying orders without verbal response, isochoric pupils, difficulty opening the eyes without facial asymmetry, muscle contracture of platysma, increased muscle tone, tendon reflexes slightly increased, arrhythmic heart sounds without murmurs...
January 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118265/intermittent-aortic-valve-opening-and-risk-of-thrombosis-in-vad-patients
#19
Claudius Mahr, Venkat Keshav Chivukula, Patrick McGah, Anthony R Prisco, Jennifer A Beckman, Nahush A Mokadam, Alberto Aliseda
This study evaluates quantitatively the impact that intermittent Aortic Valve opening has on the thrombogenicity in the aortic arch region for patients under Left Ventricular Assist Device therapy. The influence of flow through the Aortic Valve, opening once every five cardiac cycles, on the flow patterns in the ascending aortic is measured in a patient-derived CT-image-based model, after LVAD implantation. The mechanical environment of flowing platelets is investigated, by statistical treatment of outliers in Lagrangian particle tracking, and thrombogenesis metrics (platelet residence times and activation state characterized by shear stress accumulation) are compared for the cases of no Aortic Valve opening and intermittent Aortic Valve opening...
January 20, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116259/unusual-medial-end-clavicle-fracture-combined-with-double-disruption-of-the-superior-shoulder-suspensory-complex-sssc-a-case-report-in-triathlon-athlete
#20
Poggetti A, Novi M, Rosati M, Battistini P, Parchi P, Lisanti M
INTRODUCTION: Most published floating clavicle report a dislocation or fracture of one or both ends of the clavicle. CASE PRESENTATION: We reported a new framework of this injury in a young triathlon athlete; medial-end displaced fracture with co-existent double disruption of the superior shoulder suspensory complex (SSSC) with the anterior shoulder arch wholly disconnected from the nearby structure. CONCLUSION: The management of these complex fractures remains an open debate...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
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