Read by QxMD icon Read

"Population medicine"

Derek M Foster, Hannah J Sylvester, Regina M Schoenfeld-Tacher
The Bovine Educational Symposium (BES) is a unique opportunity for North Carolina State University (NCSU) veterinary students to visit dairy farms, feedlots, cow-calf operations, and processing facilities, and to meet local bovine veterinarians. We hypothesized that this active learning opportunity would increase knowledge, change perceptions of animal agriculture and food-animal medicine, and provide skills that persist beyond graduation. Pre- and post-trip surveys were administered to 124 first-, second-, and third-year veterinary students attending BES over 3 years...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Ralph I Horwitz, Burton H Singer
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) has succeeded in strengthening the evidence base for population medicine. Where EBM has failed is in answering the practicing doctor's question of what a likely outcome would be when a given treatment is administered to a particular patient with her own distinctive biological and biographical (life experience) profile. We propose Medicine-based evidence (MBE), based on the profiles of individual patients, as the evidence base for individualized or personalized medicine. MBE will build an archive of patient profiles using data from all study types and data sources, and will include both clinical and socio-behavioral information...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
Kevin Woodger, Elizabeth Stone, Cate Dewey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Graciliana Lopes, Eugénia Pinto, Lígia Salgueiro
The increased incidence of fungal infections, associated with the widespread use of antifungal drugs, has resulted in the development of resistance, making it necessary to discover new therapeutic alternatives. Among fungal infections, dermatophytoses constitute a serious public health problem, affecting 20-25 % of the world population. Medicinal plants represent an endless source of bioactive molecules, and their volatile and non-volatile extracts are clearly recognized for being the historical basis of therapeutic health care...
February 2017: Mycopathologia
Xiaochuan Huo, Bin Jiang, Zhenghong Chen, Xiaojuan Ru, Haixin Sun, Dongling Sun, Di Li, Wenzhi Wang
OBJECTIVES: The present study analyzed the hospital charges for stroke patients in China and determined the factors associated with hospital costs. METHODS: Medical records of hospitalized patients with a primary diagnosis of acute stroke were collected from 121 hospitals in Beijing (2012). Distribution characteristics of hospital charges for different stroke types, hospital levels and types were studied. Factors influencing total hospital charges were analyzed...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Neuroscience
Carlo Lombardi, Eleonora Savi, Maria Teresa Costantino, Enrico Heffler, Manlio Milanese, Giovanni Passalacqua, Giorgio Walter Canonica
In a historical period in which sustainability of the National Health Service is mandatory because of the international economical situation, the limited available resources at national level and the tendency of passing from a "population medicine" model towards the concept of "individualized medicine", the debate on appropriateness of medical and surgical procedures is of central importance. The choosing wisely campaign, started in United States in 2012 and then spread all over the world, tries to summarize which are the most inappropriate procedures for each medical and surgical speciality; as far as allergic respiratory diseases, the most relevant Italian societies and the American Academy defined the allergological procedures with the highest probability of inappropriateness...
2016: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
Rahi Jain, Bakul Rao
Drugs play an important role in improving health of the population. Medicinal plants help in addressing the health issues of a large section of the population - especially the low and middle-income people. However, there are some concerns about the supply, efficacy and safety in using them. This study reviews India's major initiative toward medicinal plants namely, the National Mission on Medicinal Plants to meet medicinal plants challenges. The study analyzed the mission's probable shortcomings due to its design and operational details...
July 2015: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Ashkan Afshin, Jose Penalvo, Liana Del Gobbo, Michael Kashaf, Renata Micha, Kurtis Morrish, Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Colin Rehm, Siyi Shangguan, Jessica D Smith, Dariush Mozaffarian
Poor diet is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease in the USA and globally. Evidence-based policies are crucial to improve diet and population health. We reviewed the effectiveness for a range of policy levers to alter diet and diet-related risk factors. We identified evidence to support benefits of focused mass media campaigns (especially for fruits, vegetables, salt), food pricing strategies (both subsidies and taxation, with stronger effects at lower income levels), school procurement policies (for increasing healthful or reducing unhealthful choices), and worksite wellness programs (especially when comprehensive and multicomponent)...
November 2015: Current Cardiology Reports
Brian Clyne, Brenda Rapoza, Paul George
To confront the challenges facing modern health care, experts and organizations are calling for an increase in physician leadership capabilities. In response to this need, physician leadership programs are proliferating, targeting all levels of experience at all levels of training. Many academic medical centers, major universities, and specialty societies now sponsor physician leadership training programs. To meet this need, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, as part of its Primary Care-Population Medicine (PC-PM) Program, designed a four-year integrated curriculum, Leadership in Health Care, to engage with leadership topics starting early in the preclinical stages of training...
September 1, 2015: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Jordan White, Alison Riese, Brian Clyne, Marcia W Vanvleet, Paul George
Population and Clinical Medicine (PCM) I & II constitute two of the nine courses established for the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University's (AMS) innovative dual-degree Primary Care-Population Medicine (PC-PM) program. The courses will run consecutively during students' third year in the program, in conjunction with the Longitudinal Integrated Clerkship (LIC). Throughout the courses, students will examine the intersection between population and clinical medicine with a focus on vulnerable populations, the social and community context of care, quality improvement, and leadership...
September 1, 2015: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Gary Epstein-Lubow, Sybil Cineas, James Yess, David Anthony, Mark Fagan, Paul George
The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University is introducing a longitudinal integrated clerkship for third year students in the Primary Care-Population Medicine Program as an alternative to more traditional clerkship models. In developing the longitudinal integrated clerkship, program faculty incorporated a historical perspective of medical education, modern knowledge about students' development of clinical skills, and educational science as it relates to faculty development and learner evaluation. The longitudinal integrated clerkship is being tailored to the fit the Brown University system; as such, it will be unique in its attention to population medicine, including its exposure of students to several distinct health care systems within a single geographic region, and integration of clinical training with completion of a Master's in Population Medicine...
September 1, 2015: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Michael J Mello, Edward Feller, Paul George, Jeffrey Borkan
Additional knowledge, attitudes and skills are required for the next generation of medical students as they expand the traditional focus on individual patients to include population-based health and scholarly investigation. The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University (AMS) is initiating a master's degree program as a key component of the new Primary Care-Population Medicine program at AMS leading to both a Doctorate in Medicine (MD) and Master of Science in Population Medicine (ScM) degrees in four years...
September 1, 2015: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Paul George, Allan R Tunkel, Richard Dollase, Philip Gruppuso, Luba Dumenco, Brenda Rapoza, Jeffrey Borkan
The United States healthcare system has been in a period of rapid evolution over the past decade, a trend that is anticipated to continue for the foreseeable future. Physicians are increasingly responsible for the quality of care they provide, and are being held accountable not just for the patient in front of them, but also for the outcomes of their patient panels, communities, and populations. In response to these changes, as well as the projected shortage of primary care physicians, the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University (AMS) developed the Primary Care-Population Medicine (PC-PM) program, which builds upon the traditional curriculum with major integrated curricular innovations...
September 1, 2015: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Rebecca Venables, Heather Stirling, Hannah Batchelor, John Marriott
BACKGROUND: There is evidence to suggest that adherence with prescribed medication is lower amongst adolescents and children than in adults. Medication adherence rates between 11 and 93 % in paediatric patients have been reported. More research needs to be carried out in order to understand why medicines adherence is low and how adherence can be improved in children with long-term conditions. Personal communication with paediatricians in secondary care has highlighted that problems are most likely to be encountered by parents, carers, nurses and children themselves when administering medicines for prevalent long-term childhood conditions...
December 2015: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Leah Rappaport, Natasha Coleman, Luba Dumenco, Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler, Richard H Dollase, Paul George
As the United States embarks on health care reform through the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary to practice medicine will change. Education centered on health disparities and social determinants of health will become increasingly more important as 32 million Americans receive coverage through the ACA. In this paper, we describe future initiatives at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University in training medical students on health disparities and social determinants of health through mechanisms such as the Primary Care-Population Medicine Program, the Rhode Island Area Health Education Center, the Scholarly Concentration program and other mechanisms...
September 2014: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Chuan Chen, Pan Li, Rui-Hong Wang, Barbara A Schaal, Cheng-Xin Fu
BACKGROUND: Domestic cultivation of medicinal plants is an important strategy for protecting these species from over harvesting. Some species of medicinal plants have been brought into cultivation for more than hundreds years. Concerns about severe loss of genetic diversity and sustainable cultivation can potentially limit future use of these valuable plants. Genetic studies with comprehensive sampling of multiple medicinal species by molecular markers will allow for assessment and management of these species...
2014: PloS One
S Evers
Headaches are an enormous burden both for the individual sufferer and for society. The WHO lists migraine among the 10 diseases with the highest impact on the quality of life and functionality of the sufferers. The treatment of headache patients in Germany is relatively poor compared to other European countries. Only a minority of patients receives a treatment according to published guidelines, although sufficient care can be provided on all levels of the health care system. The total costs caused by headaches in Germany are approximately 27 bio € per year with 17 bio € caused by migraine...
August 2014: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
J A Muir Gray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2013: Lancet
Thierry Mathieu, Laurent Bermont, Jean-Christophe Boyer, Céline Versuyft, Alexandre Evrard, Isabelle Cuvelier, Remy Couderc, Katell Peoc'h
With human genome mapping, the omics revolution and the empowering sequencing technologies developed at the turn of the century, the new goals in medicine are to switch from population medicine to individualized therapies, not only to cure diseases but also to prevent them. The purpose of this review by the pharmacogenetics and predictive medicine working group of the French clinical biology society (SFBC) is to situate in their correct context the notions of personalized medicine, pharmacogenetics, genetics and genomics, emphasizing their interactions and discussing their significance for researchers and clinicians...
2013: Drug Metabolism and Drug Interactions
Philip Harber, Samantha Wu, Johnny Bontemps, Sasha Rose, Kaochoy Saechao, Yihang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of occupational medicine board certification and career stage on practice characteristics. METHODS: Two hundred sixty occupational medicine physicians completed a questionnaire and 25 activity log descriptions about 72 items in 9 major domains. For each item, the percentage of activities involving the item and the percentage of physicians conducting the item at least once were calculated. Results were analyzed by board certification status and career stage...
May 2013: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"