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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785340/comparing-the-catch-composition-profitability-and-discard-survival-from-different-trammel-net-designs-targeting-common-spiny-lobster-palinurus-elephas-in-a-mediterranean-fishery
#1
Gaetano Catanese, Hilmar Hinz, Maria Del Mar Gil, Miquel Palmer, Michael Breen, Antoni Mira, Elena Pastor, Amalia Grau, Andrea Campos-Candela, Elka Koleva, Antoni Maria Grau, Beatriz Morales-Nin
In the Balearic Islands, different trammel net designs have been adopted to promote fisheries sustainability and reduce discards. Here, we compare the catch performance of three trammel net designs targeting the spiny lobster Palinurus elephas in terms of biomass, species composition and revenue from commercial catches and discards. Designs differ in the netting fiber type (standard polyfilament, PMF, or a new polyethylene multi-monofilament, MMF) and the use of a guarding net or greca , a mesh piece intended to reduce discards...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782300/poikilodermatous-mycosis-fungoides-rare-entity-different-treatment-modalities
#2
Sandra Jerković Gulin, Romana Čeović, Ivana Ilić, Mirna Bradamante, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Krešimir Kostović
Poikilodermatous mycosis fungoides (PMF) is a rare clinical variant of early-stage MF with peculiar histological features. Poikiloderma occurs in many different clinical conditions, which makes a diagnostic procedure more complicated. PMF belongs to a group of MF variants with low risk of disease progression. We report a case of a 64-year-old woman, who presented with mottled skin aspect of erythema, poikilodermatous patches (hypopigmentation, hyperpigmentation, atrophy, and telangiectasia) on more than 80% of the body...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778047/source-identification-and-spatial-distribution-of-arsenic-and-heavy-metals-in-agricultural-soil-around-hunan-industrial-estate-by-positive-matrix-factorization-model-principle-components-analysis-and-geo-statistical-analysis
#3
Xiaowen Zhang, Shuai Wei, Qianqian Sun, Syed Abdul Wadood, Boli Guo
Characterizing the distribution and defining potential sources of arsenic and heavy metals are the basic preconditions for reducing the contamination of heavy metals and metalloids. 71 topsoil samples and 61 subsoil samples were collected by grid method to measure the concentration of cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As), lead (Pb), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni) and chromium (Cr). Principle components analysis (PCA), GIS-based geo-statistical methods and Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) were applied. The results showed that the mean concentrations were 9...
May 16, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763865/the-impact-of-seasonal-varied-human-activity-on-characteristics-and-sources-of-heavy-metals-in-metropolitan-road-dusts
#4
Cong Men, Ruimin Liu, Qingrui Wang, Lijia Guo, Zhenyao Shen
Due to significant human activity, road dust is becoming contaminated by heavy metals in many cities. To comprehensively investigate the variation of contamination level and sources of heavy metals in road dust, 10 heavy metals in road dust samples from Beijing, China, in both summer and winter, were evaluated by spatial analysis using geographic information system (GIS) mapping technology and the positive matrix factorization (PMF) Model. Although the concentrations of some heavy metals between summer and winter had similarities, the differences of others and spatial distributions of heavy metals between summer and winter were considerable...
May 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758917/source-and-path-identification-of-metals-pollution-in-a-mining-area-by-pmf-and-rare-earth-element-patterns-in-road-dust
#5
Shuhan Tian, Tao Liang, Kexin Li, Lingqing Wang
To better assess pollution and offer efficient protection for local residents, it is necessary to both conduct an exhaustive investigation into pollution levels and quantify its contributing sources and paths. As it is the biggest light rare earth element (REE) reserve in the world, Bayan Obo deposit releases large amounts of heavy metals into the surrounding environment. In this study, road dust from zones located at different distances to the mining area was collected and sieved using seven sizes. This allowed for subsequent analysis of size-dependent influences of mining activities...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753025/identification-and-efficacy-of-glycine-serine-and-threonine-metabolism-in-potentiating-kanamycin-mediated-killing-of-edwardsiella-piscicida
#6
Jin-Zhou Ye, Xiang-Min Lin, Zhi-Xue Cheng, Yu-Bin Su, Wan-Xin Li, Far-Man Ali, Jun Zheng, Bo Peng
We previously showed that glucose potentiated kanamycin to kill multidrug-resistant Edwardsiella piscicida through activation of the TCA cycle. However, whether other regulatory mechanism is involved requires further investigation. By quantitative proteomics technology, iTRAQ, we systematically mapped the altered proteins in the presence of glucose and identified 94 differentially expressed proteins. The analysis of the altered proteins by pathways, amino acid biosynthesis and metabolism were enriched. And the most significantly altered eight amino acids tyrosine, phenylalanine, valine, leucine, isoleucine, glycine, serine and threonine were investigated for their potentiation of kanamycin to kill EIB202, where glycine, serine and threonine showed the strongest efficacy than the others...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745886/primary-myelofibrosis-but-not-autoimmune-myelofibrosis-accompanied-by-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-and-primary-biliary-cirrhosis-in-a-patient-with-trisomy-8-mosaic-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Chenyang Lu, Xiaoyan Wu, Hongyan Wen, Huiying Gao, Caihong Wang, Bo Yang, Zhipeng Liang, Chong Gao, Xiaofeng Li
Bone marrow fibrosis has been found to be associated with autoimmune disorders, and autoimmune myelofibrosis (AIMF) has been defined. Primary myelofibrosis (PMF), a clonal myeloproliferative disorder, should be distinguished from AIMF which has a good response to steroids, as the former has a high mortality and very bad response to conventional treatment. This case report describes a rare case of PMF accompanied with Sjögren's syndrome (SJS) and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), in a patient with trisomy 8 mosaic...
May 10, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734626/sources-and-geographic-origin-of-particulate-matter-in-urban-areas-of-the-danube-macro-region-the-cases-of-zagreb-croatia-budapest-hungary-and-sofia-bulgaria
#8
M G Perrone, S Vratolis, E Georgieva, S Török, K Šega, B Veleva, J Osán, I Bešlić, Z Kertész, D Pernigotti, K Eleftheriadis, C A Belis
The contribution of main PM pollution sources and their geographic origin in three urban sites of the Danube macro-region (Zagreb, Budapest and Sofia) were determined by combining receptor and Lagrangian models. The source contribution estimates were obtained with the Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) receptor model and the results were further examined using local wind data and backward trajectories obtained with FLEXPART. Potential Source Contribution Function (PSCF) analysis was applied to identify the geographical source areas for the PM sources subject to long-range transport...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734067/occurrence-characteristics-and-sources-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-arable-soils-of-beijing-china
#9
Hang Liu, Xiaolu Yu, Zirui Liu, Ying Sun
This study investigated the occurrence and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from arable soils in Beijing and compared them with 4 other types of soils: soil from uncultivated land, an incineration plant, a suburb and a woodland. The total concentrations of PAHs ranged from 189.3 to 888.7 μg/kg (mean: 518.2 μg/kg for greenhouses and 455.2 μg/kg for fields). The seven carcinogenic PAHs accounted for 11.2-81.3% of Σ15PAHs in arable soils. Benzo[a]pyrene toxic equivalent (BaPeq ) concentrations were 82...
May 4, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730422/ambient-vocs-in-residential-areas-near-a-large-scale-petrochemical-complex-spatiotemporal-variation-source-apportionment-and-health-risk
#10
Chin-Yu Hsu, Hung-Che Chiang, Ruei-Hao Shie, Chun-Hung Ku, Tzu-Yu Lin, Mu-Jean Chen, Nai-Tzu Chen, Yu-Cheng Chen
This study investigated ambient volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and assessed excess health risks for child, adult and elderly populations in a residential area near a large-scale petrochemical complex in central Taiwan. A total of 155 daily VOC samples were collected in canisters from nine sites in spring, summer and winter during 2013-2014. We used a positive matrix factorization (PMF) model incorporating a conditional probability function (CPF) to quantify the potential sources of VOCs with the influences of local source directions...
May 3, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730410/biomass-burning-contributed-most-to-the-human-cancer-risk-exposed-to-the-soil-bound-pahs-from-chengdu-economic-region-western-china
#11
Huang Zheng, Xinli Xing, Tianpeng Hu, Yuan Zhang, Jiaquan Zhang, Gehao Zhu, Ying Li, Shihua Qi
The purpose of this study was to assess the human cancer risk due to the exposure to the soil-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from Chengdu Economic Region (CER), western China with the main concern on cancer risk source apportionment. The total concentrations of sixteen PAHs ranged from 12.5 to 75431 ng g-1 , with a mean value of 3106 ng g-1 , which suggested that the most areas of CER were contaminated. Source apportionment of PAHs was conducted by the positive matrix factorization (PMF) model and the biomass burning contributed most (63...
May 3, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728674/qm-mm-free-energy-simulations-of-an-efficient-gluten-hydrolase-kuma030-implicate-for-a-reactant-state-based-protein-design-strategy-for-general-acid-base-catalysis
#12
Xia Wang, Ruirui Li, Wenchao Cui, Qiang Li, Jianzhuang Yao
It is a grand attraction for contemporary biochemists to computationally design enzymes for novel chemical transformation or improved catalytic efficiency. Rosetta by Baker et al. is no doubt the leading software in the protein design society. Generally, optimization of the transition state (TS) is part of the Rosetta's protocol to enhance the catalytic efficiency of target enzymes, since TS stabilization is the determining factor for catalytic efficiency based on the TS theory (TST). However, it is confusing that optimization of the reactant state (RS) also results in significant improvement of catalytic efficiency in some cases, such as design of gluten hydrolase (Kuma030)...
May 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719952/pm2-5-source-apportionment-using-a-hybrid-environmental-receptor-model
#13
L-W Antony Chen, Jun-Ji Cao
A Hybrid Environmental Receptor Model (HERM) that unifies the theory of effective-variance chemical mass balance (EV-CMB) and positive matrix factorization (PMF) models was developed to support the weight-of-evidence (WOE) approach of air pollution source apportionment. The HERM software is capable of 1) conducting EV-CMB analysis for multiple samples in a single iteration; 2) calculating EV-CMB and PMF source contributions as well as middle grounds (hybrid mode) between the two using partial source information available for the study region; 3) reporting source contribution uncertainties and sample-/species-specific fitting performance measures; 4) interfacing with MS Excel® for convenient data inputs/outputs and analysis...
May 3, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717431/status-sources-and-risk-assessment-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-urban-soils-of-xi-an-china
#14
Huanyu Bao, Shaowei Hou, Hao Niu, Kai Tian, Xueping Liu, Fuyong Wu
To identify status, source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in urban soils and to assess soil environmental quality in Xi'an City, China, total 45 soil samples were collected from surface layer (0-10 cm) in different functional areas. Total concentrations of 16 US EPA priority PAHs ranged from 149.9 to 5770 μg kg-1 , with a mean of 1246 μg kg-1 . High molecular weight (HMW) PAHs accounted for the majority (42.4-72.2%) of the total PAHs in the urban soils, and phenanthrene (Phe), fluorene (Flo), pyrene (Pyr), benzo(b)fluoranthene (BbF), and chrysene (Chr) were the major compounds...
May 2, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716234/impact-of-amphiphilic-molecules-on-the-structure-and-stability-of-homogeneous-sphingomyelin-bilayer-insights-from-atomistic-simulations
#15
Pratibha Kumari, Supreet Kaur, Shobha Sharma, Hemant K Kashyap
Modulation of lipid membrane properties due to the permeation of amphiphiles is an important biological process pertaining to many applications in the field of pharmaceutics, toxicology, and biotechnology. Sphingolipids are both structural and functional lipids that constitute an important component of mechanically stable and chemically resistant outer leaflets of plasma membranes. Here, we present an atomistic molecular dynamics simulation study to appreciate the concentration-dependent effects of small amphiphilic molecules, such as ethanol, acetone, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), on the structure and stability of a fully hydrated homogeneous N-palmitoyl-sphingomyelin (PSM) bilayer...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713873/post-et-and-post-pv-myelofibrosis-updates-on-a-distinct-prognosis-from-primary-myelofibrosis
#16
REVIEW
Francesco Passamonti, Barbara Mora, Daniela Barraco, Margherita Maffioli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to help doctors in the management of patients with post-polycythemia (PPV) and post-essential thrombocythemia (PET) myelofibrosis (MF) facing diagnostic criteria, prognostication, and treatment possibilities. RECENT FINDINGS: Diagnostic criteria of primary myelofibrosis (PMF) have been recently updated from the WHO classification. A clear-cut distinction between pre-fibrotic and overt PMF has been done. Concerning PPV and PET MF, the criteria come from 2008...
April 30, 2018: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710626/source-identification-of-pm-2-5-at-a-port-and-an-adjacent-urban-site-in-a-coastal-city-of-china-impact-of-ship-emissions-and-port-activities
#17
Lingling Xu, Ling Jiao, Zhenyu Hong, Yanru Zhang, Wenjiao Du, Xin Wu, Yanting Chen, Junjun Deng, Youwei Hong, Jinsheng Chen
Daily PM2.5 samples were collected simultaneously at an urban site (UB) and a nearby port-industrial site (PI) on the coast of southeastern China from April 2015 to January 2016. The PM2.5 mass concentration at the PI (51.9μgm-3 ) was significantly higher than that at the UB. The V concentration at the PI was also significantly higher and well-correlated to the urban value, which suggests that shipping emissions had a significant impact on the PI and, to a lesser extent, on the urban area. A positive matrix factorization (PMF) analysis showed that secondary aerosols were the dominant contribution of PM2...
April 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704718/pharmaceutical-manufacturing-facility-discharges-can-substantially-increase-the-pharmaceutical-load-to-u-s-wastewaters
#18
Tia-Marie Scott, Patrick J Phillips, Dana W Kolpin, Kaitlyn M Colella, Edward T Furlong, William T Foreman, James L Gray
Discharges from pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities (PMFs) previously have been identified as important sources of pharmaceuticals to the environment. Yet few studies are available to establish the influence of PMFs on the pharmaceutical source contribution to wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and waterways at the national scale. Consequently, a national network of 13 WWTPs receiving PMF discharges, six WWTPs with no PMF input, and one WWTP that transitioned through a PMF closure were selected from across the United States to assess the influence of PMF inputs on pharmaceutical loading to WWTPs...
April 25, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698911/chloroplastic-atp-synthase-plays-an-important-role-in-the-regulation-of-proton-motive-force-in-fluctuating-light
#19
Wei Huang, Yan-Fei Cai, Ji-Hua Wang, Shi-Bao Zhang
The proton motive force (pmf) across the thylakoid membranes plays a key role for photosynthesis in fluctuating light. However, the mechanisms underlying the regulation of pmf in fluctuating light are not well known. In this study, we aimed to identify the roles of chloroplastic ATP synthase and cyclic electron flow (CEF) around photosystem I (PSI) in the regulation of the pmf in fluctuating light. To do this, we measured chlorophyll fluorescence, P700 parameters, and the electrochromic shift signal in the fluctuating light alternating between 918 (high light) and 89 (low light) μmol photons m-2  s-1 every 5 min...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698410/ten-year-cumulative-incidence-of-epiretinal-membranes-assessed-on-fundus-photographs-the-beijing-eye-study-2001-2011
#20
Yan Yang, Yan Ni Yan, Ya Xing Wang, Jie Xu, Jie Ren, Liang Xu, Jost B Jonas, Wen Bin Wei
PURPOSE: To assess the 10-year incidence and progression of epiretinal membranes (ERMs). METHODS: The population-based longitudinal Beijing Eye Study, which included 4439 subjects (age:40+years) in 2001, was repeated in 2011 with 2695 subjects participating (66.4% of the survivors). The study participants underwent a detailed ophthalmic examination, including retinal photography. Assessing fundus photograohs, ERMs were classified as cellophane macular reflex (CMR) without retinal folds, or as preretinal macular fibrosis (PMF) without or with retinal folds...
2018: PloS One
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