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Legionella Queensland

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792951/amplicon-based-taxonomic-characterization-of-bacteria-in-urban-and-peri-urban-roof-harvested-rainwater-stored-in-tanks
#1
W Ahmed, C Staley, K A Hamilton, D J Beale, M J Sadowsky, S Toze, C N Haas
Overall, 26% of Australian households use rainwater tanks as a source of potable and nonpotable water. Limited information is available on the total bacterial communities in tank water. Therefore, identification of dominant bacterial communities, diversity, and their distribution is important in understanding the microbial quality of tank water. In this study, the abundance and diversity of bacterial communities in 88 tank water samples collected from the urban areas of Brisbane (n=44) and the peri-urban center of Currumbin (n=44) in Southeast Queensland, Australia were determined using amplicon-based Illumina next-generation sequencing...
October 25, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26598034/environmental-legionella-spp-collected-in-urban-test-sites-of-south-east-queensland-australia-are-virulent-to-human-macrophages-in-vitro
#2
Amba Lawrence, Sofroni Eglezos, Wilhelmina Huston
Legionellae are frequent contaminants of potable water supplies, resulting in sporadic infections and occasional outbreaks. Isolates of Legionella were collected from urban test sites within South East Queensland and evaluated for their virulence potential in vitro. Two strains (from the species Legionella londiniensis and Legionella quinlivanii) were demonstrated to have the ability to infect human macrophages, while a strain from the species Legionella anisa did not maintain an infection over the same time course...
February 2016: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26155722/a-review-of-guidelines-for-the-primary-prevention-of-legionellosis-in-long-term-care-facilities
#3
REVIEW
Kimberly A Barker, Ellen A Whitney, Sarah Blake, Ruth L Berkelman
Legionellosis is an important public health problem in the United States and other countries, and residents of long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are at higher risk for Legionnaires' disease than the general population. In this study, we reviewed published US and international guidelines for the primary prevention of legionellosis in LTCFs, including nursing homes, skilled nursing facilities, assisted living facilities, and aged care facilities. The results of this review indicate that most guidelines emphasize adequate design and maintenance of water systems and water temperatures; however, guidance regarding routine preventative environmental testing for Legionella bacteria is not uniform among various jurisdictions, and facilities are generally left without clear guidance on this issue...
October 1, 2015: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24531256/opportunistic-pathogens-in-roof-captured-rainwater-samples-determined-using-quantitative-pcr
#4
W Ahmed, H Brandes, P Gyawali, J P S Sidhu, S Toze
In this study, quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used for the detection of four opportunistic bacterial pathogens in water samples collected from 72 rainwater tanks in Southeast Queensland, Australia. Tank water samples were also tested for fecal indicator bacteria (Escherichia coli and Enterococcus spp.) using culture-based methods. Among the 72 tank water samples tested, 74% and 94% samples contained E. coli and Enterococcus spp., respectively, and the numbers of E. coli and Enterococcus spp. in tank water samples ranged from 0...
April 15, 2014: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20851954/health-risk-from-the-use-of-roof-harvested-rainwater-in-southeast-queensland-australia-as-potable-or-nonpotable-water-determined-using-quantitative-microbial-risk-assessment
#5
W Ahmed, A Vieritz, A Goonetilleke, T Gardner
A total of 214 rainwater samples from 82 tanks were collected in urban Southeast Queensland (SEQ) in Australia and analyzed for the presence and numbers of zoonotic bacterial and protozoal pathogens using binary PCR and quantitative PCR (qPCR). Quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) analysis was used to quantify the risk of infection associated with the exposure to potential pathogens from roof-harvested rainwater used as potable or nonpotable water. Of the 214 samples tested, 10.7%, 9.8%, 5.6%, and 0...
November 2010: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20657617/implications-of-faecal-indicator-bacteria-for-the-microbiological-assessment-of-roof-harvested-rainwater-quality-in-southeast-queensland-australia
#6
W Ahmed, A Goonetilleke, T Gardner
The study aimed to evaluate the suitability of Escherichia coli, enterococci, and Clostridium perfringens for assessing the microbiological quality of roof-harvested rainwater and assessing whether the concentrations of these faecal indicators can be used to predict the presence or absence of specific zoonotic bacterial or protozoan pathogens. From a total of 100 samples tested, 58%, 83%, and 46% of samples were found to be positive for, respectively, E. coli, enterococci, and Clostridium perfringens spores, as determined by traditional culture-based methods...
June 2010: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18621865/real-time-pcr-detection-of-pathogenic-microorganisms-in-roof-harvested-rainwater-in-southeast-queensland-australia
#7
W Ahmed, F Huygens, A Goonetilleke, T Gardner
In this study, the microbiological quality of roof-harvested rainwater was assessed by monitoring the concentrations of Escherichia coli, enterococci, Clostridium perfringens, and Bacteroides spp. in rainwater obtained from tanks in Southeast Queensland, Australia. Samples were also tested using real-time PCR (with SYBR Green I dye) for the presence of potential pathogenic microorganisms. Of the 27 rainwater samples tested, 17 (63%), 21 (78%), 13 (48%), and 24 (89%) were positive for E. coli, enterococci, C...
September 2008: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16849718/distribution-of-19-major-virulence-genes-in-legionella-pneumophila-serogroup-1-isolates-from-patients-and-water-in-queensland-australia
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Bixing Huang, Zheng Yuan, Brett A Heron, Bruce R Gray, Sofroni Eglezos, John R Bates, John Savill
The distribution of 19 major virulence genes and the presence of plasmids were surveyed in 141 Legionella pneumophila serogroup (SG) 1 isolates from patients and water in Queensland, Australia. The results showed that 16 of the virulence genes examined were present in all isolates, suggesting that they are life-essential genes for isolates in the environment and host cells. The 65 kb pathogenicity island identified originally in strain Philadelphia-1(T) was detected more frequently in isolates from water (44...
August 2006: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16366060/the-public-health-implications-of-a-sporadic-case-of-culture-proven-legionnaires-disease
#9
Megan Young, Helen Smith, Bruce Gray, Ben Huang, Jackie Barten, Chris Towner, Sandy Plowman, Baharak Afshar, Bahavak Afshar, Norman Fry, Barry Blair, John Savill, Bradley McCall
Legionella pneumophila is an important cause of community-acquired pneumonia. Domestic sources of infection have been increasingly recognised among community-acquired cases. This report summarises the public health investigations and management of a single community-acquired case of Legionnaires' disease in Queensland, commenced in the context of a suspected outbreak. Legionellae from the case's domestic water supply were indistinguishable from the clinical isolate. The implications for future investigation of sporadic cases are discussed...
December 2005: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15365006/a-predominant-and-virulent-legionella-pneumophila-serogroup-1-strain-detected-in-isolates-from-patients-and-water-in-queensland-australia-by-an-amplified-fragment-length-polymorphism-protocol-and-virulence-gene-based-pcr-assays
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Bixing Huang, Brett A Heron, Bruce R Gray, Sofroni Eglezos, John R Bates, John Savill
In epidemiological investigations of community legionellosis outbreaks, knowledge of the prevalence, distribution, and clinical significance (virulence) of environmental Legionella isolates is crucial for interpretation of the molecular subtyping results. To obtain such information for Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 isolates, we used the standardized amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) protocol of the European Working Group on Legionella Infection to subtype L. pneumophila SG1 isolates obtained from patients and water sources in Queensland, Australia...
September 2004: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11001749/occurrence-and-distribution-of-legionella-species-in-composted-plant-materials
#11
M S Hughes, T W Steele
Legionellae were found in many samples of composted plant matter obtained from home gardeners and from facilities which undertook bulk composting. The predominant species isolated from these composts was Legionella pneumophila, the strains of which belonged to serogroups other than serogroup 1. Other Legionella species were present in many samples. Legionella longbeachae serogroup 1, which is implicated in human infections in South Australia, was present in samples obtained from two of six facilities composting large volumes of material and from 3 of 30 gardeners...
June 1994: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10918979/infectivity-transmission-and-16s-rrna-sequencing-of-a-rickettsia-coxiella-cheraxi-sp-nov-from-the-freshwater-crayfish-cherax-quadricarinatus
#12
C K Tan, L Owens
A rickettsia-like organism isolated from infected, farm-reared Cherax quadricarinatus was cultured in the yolk sac of developing chicken eggs, but could not be cultured in 3 continuous cell lines, bluegill fry (BF-2), fathead minnow (FHM), and Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf-9). The organism was confirmed by fulfilling Koch's postulates as the aetiological agent of mortalities amongst C. quadricarinatus. When C. quadricarinatus was inoculated with the organism, mortality was 100% at 28 degrees C and 80% at an ambient temperature of 24 degrees C...
June 19, 2000: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9079255/community-acquired-pneumonia-in-north-eastern-australia-a-hospital-based-study-of-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-patients
#13
J E Thompson
BACKGROUND: Although the most important organism causing community acquired pneumonia continues to be Streptococcus pneumoniae, the frequency of other pathogens varies considerably across the world. AIMS: To look for the causes of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in north east Australia. To examine the differences between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal subjects with emphasis on prevalence, risk factors, causative organisms and prognosis. METHODS: The records of 200 consecutive patients admitted to Cairns Hospital during 1992 with a diagnosis of pneumonia were studied...
February 1997: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/8559094/panic-in-the-potting-shed-the-association-between-legionella-longbeachae-serogroup-1-and-potting-soils-in-australia
#14
S A Ruehlemann, G R Crawford
Is gardening a health hazard? Legionella longbeachae, a potential cause of pneumonia, has been found in Australian potting media. However, further research is needed to determine its clinical relevance in this situation. This did not stop the popular media linking two deaths from Legionella infection in Queensland to potting mix exposure.
January 1, 1996: Medical Journal of Australia
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